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PRACTICAL

HYDROTHERAPY

A MANUAL

For Students and Practitioners



CURRAN POPE, M.D.

Professor of Physio-Therapy, University of Louisville Medical Department ; Ex-Professor of
Physio-Therapy in the Kentucky School of Medicine, Louisville, Ky.; State Secretary
American Physio-Therapeutic Association; President American Physio-Therapeutic Asso-
ciation; Ex-President Louisville Seurological Society; President Ohio Valley Medical
Association; Consulting Neurologist to the Louisville City Hospital; Formerly Resi-
dent Physician to the Lakeland Hospital for the Insane; Ex-Professor of Diseases
of the Mind and Nervous System, Electro-Therapy, Hydrotherapy, etc., in the
Louisville Medical College: Ex-Professor of Pathology, Histology and Bacteri-
ology, Hospital College of Medicine; Member American Medical Associa-
tion; American Electro-Therapeutic Association ; American Roentgen Ray
Association : Mississippi Valley Medical Association; Kentucky State
Medical Association ; Jefferson County Medical Society; Louisville
Academy of Medicine; American Medical Editors' Association;
President Louisville Society of Medicine and Surgery; Ex-Presi-
dent Louisville Medical and Surgical Society; Member Inter-
national Physio-Therapeutic Congress. Rome, Italy; Member
Society for the Advancement of Science: Associate Editor
Journal of Advanced Therapeutics ; Associate Editor
Central States Medical Monitor; Associate Editor
Kentucky Medical Journal, and Medical Super-
intendent of the Pope Sanatorium. Louisville, Ky.



CINCINNATI

CINCINNATI MEDICAL BOOK COMPANY
1909



Copyrighted, 1909, by
Curran Pope, Louisville, Kv.



The Lancet-Clinic Publishing Co.,
Cincinnati, O.



THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED
TO THE MEMORY OF

MY FATHER AND MOTHER

AS A SLIGHT TOKEN OF THE

DEEP LOVE AND RESPECT OF THEIR SON

THE AUTHOR



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from
Columbia University Libraries



http://www.archive.org/details/practicalhydrothOOpope



PREFACE.

The author offers no apology for another work upon hydrotherapy,
as there are at present very few works in the English language.

It cannot be denied that much prejudice has heretofore existed
against "baths" owing to their purely empirical application, but with
the advent of instruments of precision and the establishment of their
physiological action, scientific hydrotherapy has taken its place among
the accepted therapeutic methods of medicine.

It has seemed strange at times why the brilliant clinicians of this
country have failed to use hydrotherapy as a curative agent, but of late
years this cannot be said save in certain quarters, for the profession is
rapidly awakening to the broad field of usefulness possessed by this
agent.

The plan adopted has been to ascertain all the facts possible, no
matter from what source, the writer's experience then added, and from
the data thus obtained, the different chapters have been written. The
aim has been to simplify hydrotherapy and to so plainly and clearly
lay before the reader the essential facts as to render them easy of
mastery, accessible and useful.

The hydriatist's art has not been magnified nor has the author in-
dulged in a minute and endless subdivision of baths, both general and
local, each with their physiological and therapeutic action separate, but
has as far as is possible grouped together those procedures whose tech-
nique, physiological action and therapy closely resemble one another,
thus enabling the student to master the action of "groups'' rather than
each separate form.

To the student or practitioner who may desire to systematically
acquire a knowledge of hydrotherapy, due warning is given that there
is no royal road to knowledge, and that this is true of hydrotherapy as
well as of all the other departments of science. However, a certain
line of procedure may aid in more easily mastering the art. It would
not be amiss to cursorily refresh his general knowledge of the anatomy
of the nervous system, of the blood and lymph circulations. He should
then carefully ground himself in the physiological action of water
and its associated applications, such as hot air, electric light baths, etc.
A mastery of the general principles of hydrotherapy, its rules and
regulations, will make the technique more easy of comprehension and
its rationale apparent.

Much information and a clearer insight than mere description can
give, is to note the physiological action of hydrotherapy by "putting
yourself in his place." One application of a cold jet douche to the



vi PREFACE. ■

spine gives more realistic information than pages of description. I
therefore make the suggestion to "practice on yourself" first. Many
experiments herein mentioned have had the author as principal party
in interest.

It should never be forgotten that physiological forces so powerful
for good may equally work havoc if carelessly and improperly applied.
Therefore utility and exactitude of method have been the constant aim.

In the therapeutic section rare diseases have not been considered
unless water possesses some curative value in that particular disease.
Theories have been avoided as they generally prove a burden and in-
terfere with a clear comprehension of the agent. Physicians nor rem-
edies possess healing powers, but the curative process, as is well
known, resides within the body, and it is the body that heals itself. I
believe that water is an agent more capable of developing natural heal-
ing powers in the system and in resisting the onset, development and
extension of disease, than any other known single measure.

Some will doubtless think that the chapters dealing with nervous
and mental diseases, drug habits and alcoholism have been needlessly
enlarged. The nihilism of therapeutics that pervades these branches,
the neglect of a remedial measure so powerful for betterment and
"cure/' has led to a broad and full consideration of these subjects, with
the hope that specialists in these various fields of the therapeutic art
may be induced to use this remedy more extensively than is the case
at present.

A careful perusal will show that hydrotherapy offers an extensive
and useful field to the practitioner in acute and subacute conditions,
for there are many cases, especially of acute diseases, that could be
treated at home by the family physician with success, and it is be-
lieved that a careful study of the possibilities of hydrotherapy will
convince many medical men who do not now use hydriatics, that it is
a valuable addition and supplement to their other efforts. Chronic
cases are best treated in sanatoria because of the facilities, the experi-
ence, skill and knowledge required by the physician in charge, assisted
by a well-trained staff.

Twenty years as teacher of students and nurses, twenty years at the
head of a sanatorium, in active hospital and private practice, has con-
stituted an experience upon which the author has freely drawn.

Thanks are due to the publishers for their uniform courtesy, kind
consideration and willingness to make this book represent the author's
views.

The Author.

Louisville, Ky., September, 1909.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER 1.

HISTORY OF HYDROTHERAPY.

Of Great Antiquity — Used by Ancient Hindoos, Persians, Egyptians, etc.
— Hydrotherapy in Greece — Its Use by Hippocrates — the Japanese —
Use in Early Days of Roman Empire — Thermae of Rome and Pompeii
— The Baths of Caracalla — Galen — Ambroise Pare — James Currie —
Early Use in Various Diseases — Vincent Priessnitz — His History —
Early Impression and Use of Hydrotherapy — His Organization and
matic Treatment. Local and General — Fleury's \^i sit to Priessnitz
— His Later Adoption of Hydrotherapy and Origination of the Douche
— Brand and His Baths in Typhoid — John Chapman and His Spinal
Ice Bag — The Birth of Scientific Hydrotherapy — Win. Winternitz and
His Scientific Work and Discoveries — The Basis of Modern Hydro-
therapy — Simon Baruch and J. H. Kellogg"s Work 1-10

CHAPTER II.

GENERAL CONSIDERATION": ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF

THE SKIX.

Definition — Physical Properties of Water — Thermic Action — Mechanical
Effects — Adaptability — Cleansing, Antiseptic Action — Anatomy of the
Skin — Physiology of the Skin 1 1 -2i i

CHAPTER III.

PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF WATER EXTERNALLY APPLIED.

Classification of Temperatures — Physiological Action of Water on Tempera-
ture — Of Heat on Temperature — Of Cold on Temperature — Physio-
logical Action Upon the Circulation — Action of Heat Upon the Circula-
tion — Of Cold Upon the Circulation — Physiological Action Upon Res-
piration — Action of Heat Upon Respiration — Of Cold Upon Respira-
tion — Physiological Action Upon Metabolism — Means by Which it is
Influenced — Effect Upon Secretion — Upon Absorption — Upon Tissue
Change — Upon Excretion — Physiological Action Upon the Nervous Sys-
tem — Action of Heat Upon the Nervous System — Action of Cold Upon
the Nervous System — Physiological Action Upon the Muscular System
— The Action of Heat Upon the Muscular System — Of Cold Upon the
Muscular System — Physiological Action Upon the Blood — The Action
of Heat Upon the Blood — Of Cold Upon the Blood — Hydrotherapeutic
Reaction of Heat — Of Cold — Contraindications 21-53

CHAPTER IV.

THE INTERNAL USES OF WATER.

The Supposed Mystical Power of Springs and Spas — The Necessity of
Water — Need of Careful Prescribing — Benefits from Water Itself —
Rarely from Mineral Contents — Action on the Body — Physiological

Action of Water — Therapeutics 54-61

vii



viii COX TEXTS.

CHAPTER V.
ASSOCIATED PROCEDURES.

Sun Light — Physiological Action of Light — Therapeutic Application — In-
candescent Electric Light Bath — Physiological Action — The Arc Light
Bath — Technique — Therapeutic Application — Hot Air Cabinet — Turkish
Bath — Vapor Cabinet — Russian Bath — Superheated Dry Hot Air — Phy-
siological Action of Heat by Conduction — Therapeutics 64-84

CHAPTER VI.
MINOR HYDROTHERAPEUTIC METHODS.

Local Heat and Cold — Chapman's Methods ; Hot Water and Ice Bags — Fric-
tion—Sand Bath— Salt Rub— Oil Rub— Electric Bath— Steam 85-94

CHAPTER VII.

RULES, REGULATIONS AND PRACTICAL SUGGESTIONS 95-106

CHAPTER VIII.

EQUIPMENT OF HYDROTHERAPEUTIC INSTITUTIONS AND
SANATORIA 107-113

CHAPTER IX.

THE TECHNIQUE OF HYDROTHERAPY.

The Author's Clinical Division of Baths — Sponge or Towel Bath ; Ablution
— The Dripping Sheet or Sheet Bath — The Fomentation — Compresses
— Cold and Cooling, Their Therapeutics — Stimulating Compress — Phy-
siological Action — Therapeutics — Hot Compress — Physiological Action —
Therapeutics — The Cephalic Compress — The Throat Compress — The
Chest Compress — The Trunk Compress — The Joint Compress — The
Wet Pack — Its Physiologic Action — Therapeutics — The Half Wet Pack
The Hot Blanket Pack— The Dry Full Pack— Local Baths— Hot Foot
Bath— Cold Foot Bath— Sitz Baths— The Cold Sitz Bath— The Hot Sitz
Bath— The Half Bath 114-149

CHAPTER N.

THE TECHNIQUE OF HYDROTHERAPY (Continued).

The Very Hot and Hot Full Bath— The Warm Full Bath— The Cleansing
Bath — Bathing of the Infant — The Neutral Bath — The Continuous Bath
— Nauheim or Effervescent Bath — The Cold Full Bath — The Cold
Sponge Bath — Surf Bathing — Mineral Baths — Douches — Affusions —
Shower Bath — Circular, Horizontal Rain, Needle or Spray Bath — Jet
Douche — Fan Douche — Perineal Douche — the Scottish or Alternate
Douche — Physiological Action of Hot Douches — Therapeutics— Physi-
ological Action of Cold Douches — Therapeutics Io0-193

CHAPTER XI.

SPECIAL THERAPEUTICS: FEVERS.

Simple Fevers — Typhoid Fever — La Grippe: Influenza — Malarial Fevers —
Measles — Chicken Pox — Whooping Cough — Scarlet Fever — Diphtheria —
Mumps — Erysipelas — Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis — Smallpox — Yellow Fe-
ver — Cholera — Cholera Nostras — Typhus Fever — Montana Spotted
Fever 194-232



CONTENTS. ix

CHAPTER XII.

DISEASES OE THE STOMACH AND INTESTINAL TRACT.

Acute Gastritis — Chronic Gastritis — Gastric Atony; Dilatation — Intestinal
Atony — Splanchnoptosis — States of Hypersecretion : Hyperchlorhydria,
Hyperchylia. Reichmann's Disease, Chronic Sthenic Gastritis — Gastric
Ulcers — Duodenal Ulcers — States of Hyposecretion : Hypochlohydria,
Achlohydria, Anacidity, Hypochylia, Achylia Gastrica, Hypopepsia,
Apepsia — Acute Intestinal Catarrh — Acute Enteritis — Acute Entero-Co-
litis — Acute Gastro-Entero-Colitis of Children — Cholera Infantum —
Summer Diarrhea — Summer Complaint — Acute Diarrhea — Acute Dys-
entery — "Bloody Flux" — Acute Colitis — Acute Proctitis — Chronic En-
teritis — Chronic Entero-Colitis — Chronic Intestinal Catarrh — Chronic
Diarrhea — Chronic Dysentery — Chronic Colitis — Chronic Proctitis —
Constipation — Neuroses of the Stomach and Intestines — Gastralgia —
Gastric Hyperesthesia — Derangements of Appetite — Anorexia — Hyper-
koria — Boulimia — Akoria — Polyphagia — Parorexia — The Motor Neuro-
ses — Gastrospasm — Cardiospasm — Pylorospasm — Hyperistalsis — Ner-
vous Vomiting — Rumination — Mercyism — Regurgitation — Enteralgia —
Intestinal Colic — Meteorism — Tympanites — Peristaltic Unrest 233-252

CHAPTER XIII.

DISEASES OF THE NASOPHARYNX, LARYNX AND CHEST.

Acute Rhinitis — Acute Pharyngitis — Acute Tonsillitis — Acute Laryngitis and
the Treatment of Post-Operative Inflammations — Chronic Rhinitis —
Chronic Pharyngitis — "Clergyman's Sore Throat" — Chronic Tonsillitis
— Chronic Laryngitis — Croupous Laryngitis — Spasmodic Laryngitis — Lar-
ingismus Stridulus — Acute Bronchitis — Capillary Bronchitis — Chronic
Bronchitis — Fibrinous Bronchitis — Pulmonary Congestion — Pulmonary
Edema — Hemoptysis — Pulmonary Hemorrhage — Lobar Pneumonia — Ca-
tarrhal Pneumonia — Asthma — Hay Fever — Hay Asthma — Emphysema —
Tuberculosis — Prophylaxis — Prevention of Acute and Chronic Respira-
tory Inflammations — Pleuritis 253-279

CHAPTER XIV.

DISEASES OF THE PERITONEUM; LIVER; RHEUMATISM; GOUT;
DIABETES; OBESITY; RACHITIS.

Peritonitis — Ascites — Dropsy — Anasarca — Hepatic Congestion — Catarrhal
Jaundice — Cholelithiasis — Acute Infectious Cholecystitis — Cholangitis —
Hepatic Cirrhosis — Acute Articular Rheumatism — Chronic Articular
Rheumatism — Muscular Rheumatism — Rheumatoid Arthritis — Gout —
Lithemia — Uric Acid Diathesis — Diabetes Mellitus — Diabetes Insipidus —
Obesity — Rachitis 280-305

CHAPTER XV.

DISEASES OF THE KIDNEY AND BLOOD.

Renal Hyperemia — Acute Nephritis — Chronic Nephritis — Chronic Parenchy-
matous and Chronic Interstitial Nephritis — Uremia — Nephroptosis —
Floating Kidney — Renal Colic — Anemia — Chlorosis — Pernicious Anemia
— Splenic Anemia — Leukocythemia — Hodgkins' Disease 306-315



x COX TEXTS.

CHAPTER XVI.
DISEASES OF THE HEART AXD BLOOD-VESSELS.

Pericarditis — Endocarditis — Myocarditis — The Treatment of Chronic Or-
ganic Disease of the Heart and Blood-vessels — Schott Resistive Gym-
nastics — Oertel's system — Chronic Cardiac Disease : Organic Valvular
Heart Disease, Mitral Regurgitation, Aortic Regurgitation, Tricuspid
Regurgitation, Pulmonic Regurgitation, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Stenosis,
Tricuspid Stenosis, Pulmonic Stenosis, Chronic Myocarditis — Cardiac
Dilatation — Cardiac Hypertrophy — Fatty Heart — Arterio-Sclerosis : Hy-
pertension — Angina Pectoris — Functional Heart Disease : Cardiac Neu-
roses, Cardiac Collapse, Neurasthenic or Weak Heart, Palpitation,
Brachycardia, Tachycardia, Arhythmia 316-335

CHAPTER XVII.

DISEASES OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVES, BRAIN AND
SPINAL CORD.

Neuritis — Facial Palsy — Sciatic X'euritis — Sciatica — Multiple Neuritis — Neu-
ralgia — Intercostal Neuralgia — Tic Douloureux — Meningitis — Cerebral
Pachymeningitis — Acute Leptomeningitis — Tubercular Meningitis —
Spinal Pachymeningitis — Spinal Meningitis — Cerebral Hemorrhage —
Cerebral Apoplexy — Cerebral Thrombosis — Cerebral Embolism — Acute
Myelitis — Acute Poliomyelitis — Polioencephalitis Superior — Landry's Par-
alysis — Acute Bulbar Paralysis — The Caisson Disease — Chronic Myelitis
— Chronic Stage of Poliomyelitis — Chronic Stage of Acute Myelitis —
Chronic Degenerative Spinal Diseases — Spastic Spinal Sclerosis or "Lat-
eral Sclerosis" — Combined Spinal Scleroses — Ataxic Paraplegia — Mul-
tiple or Disseminated Sclerosis — Hereditary Spinal Ataxia or Fried-
reich's Ataxia — Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis — Chronic Muscular
Atrophies 336-360

CHAPTER XVIII.

FUNCTIONAL NERVOUS DISEASES.

Neurasthenia — Spinal Irritation — Xervous Dyspepsia — Hysteria — Epilepsy —
— Chorea — Exophthalmic Goitre — Headache — Migraine — Insomnia — Ver-
tigo — Tinnitus Aurii — Tinnitus Cerebri — Sea Sickness — Occupation Neu-
rosis — Professional Xeurosis — Fatigue Xeurosis — Writers' and Other
"Cramps" — Paralysis Agitans — Parkinson's Disease — Shaking Palsy —
Facial Spasm — Mimic Tic — Spasmodic Torticollis — Wry Xeck — Spas-
modic Tics — Habit Spasm — Insolation — Sunstroke — Heatstroke — Ther-
mic Fever — Cerebral Hyperemia 361-414

CHAPTER XIX.

MEXTAL DISEASES.

Mania— Melancholia— Confusional Insanity — Paranoia — Chronic Delusional
Insanity— Monomania — Folie Raisonnante — Primare Verruechtheit— De-
mentia Precox — Paresis 41 5-434

CHAPTER XX.

DRUG HABITS.

Morphine — Cocaine — Chloral — Cannabis Indica — Tobacco Habit — Coffee—
Tea 435-456



CONTENTS. xi

i M AITKR XXI.

ALCOHOLISM.

Acute Alcoholic Intoxication (Drunkenness)— Acute Alcoholic Mania
(Mania a Potu)— Acute Alcoholic Delirium (Delirium Tremens)—
Chronic Alcoholism— Chronic Drunkenness and Inebriety— Pathological
Anatomy— Treatment— Prophylaxis of Alcoholism 457-498

CHAPTER XXII.

REARING THE DELICATE, TUBERCULAR AXD NEUROPATHIC

CHILD 4 "- 504

CHAPTER XXIII.

DISEASES OF WOMEX.

Vulvitis— Pruritus Vulvae— Vaginismus and Vulvo-Vaginal Hyperesthesia-
Vaginitis — Amenorrhea — Dysmenorrhea — Endometritis — Metritis—
Chronic Endometritis— Chronic Metritis— Uterine Displacements— Uter-
ine Hemorrhage— Menorrhagia and Metrorrhagia— Abortion— Eclampsia
—Salpingitis— Acute Oophoritis— Chronic Oophoritis— Pelvic Cellulitis
and Pelvic Peritonitis— Pelvic Pain and Pelvic Congestion— Sterility-
Menopause — Treatment 305-532

CHAPTER XXIV.

GENITO-URINARY DISEASES AXD SYPHILIS. DISEASES OF THE

RECTUM.

Urethritis — Gonorrhea — Epididymitis — Orchitis— Prostatitis, Acute and
Chronic— Spermatorrhea— Sexual Neurasthenia— Impotence— Priapism—
Neuroses and Neuralgia— Syphilis— Lues— Pox— Cachexia— Mercurialism

—Suppression of Urine— Cystitis— Irritable Bladder— Atony of the Blad-
der— Enuresis— Enuresis Nocturna— Retention of Urine— Fissure of the
Anus and Irritable Ulcer of the Rectum— Sphincterismus— Rectal Pro-
lapse — Hemorrhoids 533-354

CHAPTER XXV.

DISEASES OF THE SKIN, EYE AXD EAR.

Urticaria — Eczema— Pemphigus — Herpes Simplex — Herpes Zoster— Acne
— Psoriasis — Dermatitis — Burns — Furuncle— Carbuncles — Comedo—
Milium— Alopecia— Alopecia Areata— Hyperidrosis— Anidrosis— Sudam-
ina— Miliaria— Seborrhea— Pruritus— Bed Sores— Cold Hands and Feet
—Leprosy — Skin Diseases in General — Eye and Ear 555-579

CHAPTER XXVI.
HYDROTHERAPY IN SURGERY.
Contusions— Sprains— Dislocations— Fractures — Spinal Curvature— Angular
Curvature of the Spine— Pott's Disease— Spondylitis— Caries— Surgical
Shock— Hemorrhage— Surgical Fever— Abdominal Surgery— Synovitis,
Acute and Chronic— Arthritis— Exudates in Joints— Adhesions of Joints
—Contractures of the Joints— Ankylosis— Ulcer— Gangrene— Septic In-
fection—Osteitis—Periostitis — Osteoperiostitis— Osteomyelitis— Appen-
dicitis 580 - 598



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PACK

PLATE

■)
1 — Baths of Caracalla

2— Strigilli 2

3 — Farnese Statuary : Hercules, Bull, Faun 4

A — Hydrotherapeutie Masters •

5— The Early Methods of Piressnitz (Kellogg) ..." 8

6— The Early Methods of Priessnitz (Kellogg) 1(i

7— The Early Methods of Priessnitz (Kellogg) 1()

8 — Microscopic Section of Skin

9— Microscopic Section of Skin Injected, Showing Skin Circulation 14

10— Microscopic Section of Skin. Showing Sebaceous Glands 16

11— Microscopic Section of Skin, Showing Glandular Structures 16

12— Normal Fatigue Curve of Man, Aged Twenty-four Years (Kellogg).. 44

13— Fatigue Curve of the Same Subject After a Hot Bath (Kellogg) 44

14— Normal Fatigue Curve ™

IS— Open Air Gymnasium (Kellogg) °4

16— Open Air Gymnasium (Kellogg) 64

16a— Indoor Sun Bath (Kellogg) 62

17— Incandescent Electric Light Bath 66

18— Incandescent Electric Light Bath. Horizontal 66

19— Incandescent Electric Light Bath, Horizontal ( Kellogg) 68

20— Incandescent Electric Light Bath, Closed ( Mott) , >0

21— Incandescent Electric Light Bath, Open (Mott) 70

22— Local Incandescent Electric Light Baths (Kellogg) 70

23— Light and Arc Cabinet Combined, Open (Monell) 72

2A — Light and Arc Cabinet Combined. Closed ( Monell ) 72

25— Superheated Dry Hot Air, Body Apparatus; Sliding Table Tilted to

Show Openings

26— Superheated Dry Hot Air. Body Apparatus; Ready for Patient 76

27— Superheated Dry Hot Air, Body Apparatus; Patient in Position to be

Slid Into Cylinder 78

28— Superheated Dry Hot Air, Body Apparatus ; Patient Taking Treatment. 78
39_ Superheated Dry Hot Air; Local Application: Foot Bandaged in Turk-
ish Toweling Ready to be Introduced 80

30— Superheated Dry Hot Air ; Treating Foot 80

31— Superheated Dry Hot Air ; Treating Hand and Arm SO

32— Suoerheated Dry Hot Air; Treating Knee with Special Apparatus for

on

this Joint °"

33— Superheated Dry Hot Air : Treating Hip 82

34— Superheated Dry Hot Air ; Treating Back 82



35 — Hot Air Cabinet.



84



36— Hot Air Cabinet in Use 84

37_Chapman's Spinal Ice Bags; Chapman's Double Column Spinal Hot

Water Bag ; Ordinary Hot Water Bottle 86

38— Friction with Flesh Brush 8tS

39— Salt Rub or Glow 9°

40— Author's Plan



40a — Diagram of Hydriatic Room ( Mott )
xiii



108



xiv LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PLATE PAGE

41 — Water Cooling Device 112

42 — Tobey's Automatic Water Heater; Soap Dish; Towel Rack (Mott).... 110
43 — Bath Room Accessories ; Pitcher ; Salt Jar ; Thermometer ; Fibre

Bucket ; Bath Room Floor Slats 110

44 — Ice Cap or Helmet ; Steam Kettle 112

45 — Sponge or Towel Bath 114

46 — Alternate Hot and Cold Sponge to Spine 116

47 — Dripping Sheet — Ready '. 118

48 — Dripping Sheet — First Stage 118

49 — Dripping Sheet — Second Stage 118

50 — Dripping Sheet — Completed 118

51 — The Fomentation — Ready 120

52 — The Fomentation — Pouring the Boiling Water 120

53 — The Fomentation — Removing Water with Wringer 122

54 — The Fomentation — Removing Water by Using a Twisted Towel 122

55 — The Fomentation — In Position 122

56 — The Fomentation — Completed 122

57 — Stimulating Compress — Compress in Position 124

58 — Stimulating Compress — Completed 124

59— Coil Cap to Head 124

60 — Precordial Compress and Ice Bag — The "Hydrotherapeutic Digitalis".. 124

61 — Chest Compresses 128

62 — Chest Compress — First Stage 128

63 — Chest Compress — Second Stage 128

64 — Chest Compress — Completed 128

65 — Permanent Throat Bandage 126

66 — Joint Compress 126

67 — Throat Compress 126

68— Pelvic Pack— Ready 130

69— Pelvic Pack— First Stage 130

70 — Pelvic Pack — Second Stage 130

71— Pelvic Pack— Completed 130

72— Full Wet Pack— First Stage 132

73— Full Wet Pack— Second Stage 132

74_Full Wet Pack— Third Stage 132

75— Full Wet Pack— Fourth Stage 132

76— Full Wet Pack— Fifth Stage 134



Online LibraryCurran PopePractical hydrotherapy, a manual for students and practitioners → online text (page 1 of 77)