Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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kell, was born in Oxford, England. Among
his remote ancestors were Sir Hugh Aracle
and Sir George Brooks, names famous in
English history. He died in Canajoharie,
New York, August it, 1902. He came to
the Urtited States with his parents and

grew to great prominence in business and
political life. He was twelve years of age
when he came to Canajoharie, where he was
educated in the public schools and at the
academy. He was for a time interested in
insurance, being connected with the local
company of which the well-known Judge
Spraker was president. He was later en-
gaged in farming. In 1863 he purchased
and edited the Radii, a weekly newspaper
founded in 1837 by Levi S. Backus, a deaf
mute. This paper was enlarged and re-
named The Canajoharie Radii and Taxpay-
er's Journal. L. F. Allen assumed an inter-
est at the same time, and under the firm
name of Arkell & Allen the publication was
continued until January i, 1866, when An-
gell Matthewson purchased Mr. Arkell's in-
terest. In 1859, in partnership with Benja-
min Smith, he began the manufacture of
I)aper and cotton sacks under the firm name
of Arkell & Smith. This was the beginning
of an immense business which later devel-
oped and still is one of the main industries
of the village of Canajoharie. During the
war the firm was hard pressed for a time.
William Arkell, coining to his son's assist-
ance, however, enabled him to pull througl\
safely, and by fortunate purchases of cotton
they made a large addition to their capital.
In 1884 the business was incorporated with
Mr. Arkell, president, Benjamin Smith, sec-
retary, and Adam Smith, treasurer. Mr.
Arkell was the inventor of the satchel bot-
tom paper sack and also the machine for
manufacturing the same ; this is the first on
record in the United States, if not in the
whole world, and the value of that patent
is bevond computation to this day. Mr.
Arkell became dee]ily interested in many
other business enterprises of his town and
state. He was the chief promoter and larg-
est owner of the Mt. McGregor railroad, and
for many years jirincipal owner of the
Albany Journal. Tie was always a power in
the newspaper world where he was well
known as a strong writer of editorials on
political and financial subjects. He was
high in the councils of the Republican
party and intimately known to the greatest
men of the same. He was a warm personal
friend of President Grant and during his last
week at Mount McGregor was a welcome
visitor to the stricken general. He was



elected state senator and was a leader in the
senate. His eloquence and practical busi-
ness experience rendered him a popular and
valuable servant of the state. He remained
active in business and retained his interest
and influence until his death. He was a
natural leader of men and there is scarcely
an interest in the town of Canajoharie that
did not have either its inception in his busy-
brain or receive hearty and material assist-
ance from his abundant resource. He read
widely and from his richly-stored mind
could draw a wealth of interesting facts for
platform or editorial purpose. Strong, con-
vincing and eloquent, he held his audiences
in closest attention and never failed to
arouse the enthusiasm of his hearers, yet
withal was the sound and safe man of af-
fairs, successfully conducting his own af-
fairs and aiding others along the road to
prosperity. He was a warm friend of the
American system of public schools and for
many years served on the village school
board. The high school building in Canajo-
harie owes its erection and subsequent use-
fulness largely to his untiring advocacy of
better educational facilities for the youth of
his village. He developed the water power
which turns the mill machinery and pat-
ented many of the devices now used in mak-
ing cotton bags and their later substitute,
made of paper. He acquired large tracts of
land and village property which he im-
proved. Nothing lay idle under his owner-
ship nor did he wait for the enterprise of
others to enrich his holdings. He was a
member of the Masonic order, and was lib-
eral in his religious ideas, helping all de-
nominations regardless of their sect, and
aiding every enterprise of value to the com-

He married, July 23, 1853, Sarah Hall,
born September 18. 183^, daughter of Ebe-
nezer and Elizabeth (Philip) Bartlett, of
Massachusetts, and granddaughter of
Joshua and Sarah Bartlett, of Blanford,
Massachusetts. Elizabeth Philip was daugh-
ter of \\'illiam and Elizabeth (Ostrander)
Philin. Children of Ebenezer and Elizabeth
Bartlett: Sarah Hall, married James Ar-
kell; Celeste, married Daniel Grafif; Mary
Augusta, married Cornelius Deyoe : Lydia
Frances, married James Green, M. D. ;
Franklin, married Anna Van Camp ; Kate

L., married John \'osburg. Children of
James and Sarah Hall (Bartlett) Arkell :
I. William J., born March 26, 1856; became
widely known as the owner of the illus-
trated periodicals Judge and Frank Leslie's:
he married Minnie Cahill ; children: i.
James, married Claire Matties; ii. Margher-
ita, married Arthur Dudley Warner. 2.
Mary P., married, May 4, 1880, Edward
Burnap, born in the town of Ephratah, Ful-
ton county, New York, November 24, 1858;
he was educated in the public schools of his
town and at Palatine Bridge; he entered
Union University, where he was graduated
A. B., class of 1879; he located at Canajo-
harie, where he was engaged in mercantile
life until 1885 ; in that year he became asso-
ciated with Arkell & Smith as manager, a
position he yet retains (1910) ; he is a mem-
ber of the Benevolent and Protective Order
of Elks, in politics a Democrat, and belongs
to Fort Rensselaer Club ; child, D. Arkell,
born September 16, 1883. 3. Laura. 4.
Bartlett, of whom further. 5. Bertelle H.,
married (first) Bernhard Gillam, who died
in 1896; married (second) Francis Edward
Barbour. Mrs. Sarah Hall (Bartlett) Arkell
survives her husband, a resident of Cana-
joharie, where she occupies the beautiful
mansion rebuilt in 1890.

(HI) Bartlett, second son of James and
Sarah H. (Bartlett) Arkell, was born in
i860, in Canajoharie, New York. He gradu-
ated from Williston Seminary, East Hamp-
ton. Massachusetts, in 1882, and from Yale
College, 1886. Turning his attention to
commercial pursuits he succeeded his father
as president of Arkell & Smith's, Canajo-
harie, and is now also president of the
Beech Nut Packing Company, of the same
place, and the Arkell Safety Bag Company,
of 95 Broad street. New York City. He is
a member of the University, Lotus and New
York Athletic clubs. Politically he sustains
the principles of the Republican party, and
was a presidential elector in 1904, placing
Theodore Roosevelt in the presidential

The family name, vari-
FULLERTON ously spelled Fullerton.

Fullarton, Foulerton and
Fowlerton, is quite widely extended through
out the British Isles. In Scotland, says the



Hon. Walter C. Anthony, "it is traced back,
like the genealogy of every well regulated
Scotch family, to a very ancient day. and to
divers mythical ancestors. The clam: is
made that these old time worthies were the
hired masters of the hawks to the Stewarts
(later the royal family of Scotland) and that
the family name was derived from that cir-
cum.stance: they were Fowlers or Foolers
and their Keep or Castle was the Fowlers'
town. If left free to guess for myself I
should suspect that they were originally a
group of bleachers or fullers, and their ham-
let became known from the vocation, while
they themselves took their name from their
family home." A fuller was one who thick-
ened or whitened cloth. There are records
in England, particularly in the hundred
rolls, of forms of the name such as Le Ful-
ler, and Lc Fullerc, with their Latinization

Fullerton or Fullarton is a burgh or estate
at Itvine in Ayrshire, Scotland, to which
place, according to one authority, the family
is traced as early as 1371. One of the name
was the rector of the parish church at Strat-
ford on Avon, England, for many years in
the eighteenth century, if the family records
are to be trusted. The best authenticated
statement, as to the branch of the Fullertons
here dealt with, makes them come from
Dublin, Ireland. The Fullertons appear in
Ireland at an early date. The name figures
in the "Inrolments of the Decrees of Inno-
cents," that is, those whose property was
exempted from confiscation in Ireland un-
der the Cromwellian settlement of 1654.
Cornet Neale Fullerton and Robert Fuller-
ton were mentioned in the Irish inrolments
of the adjudications, referring to the arrears
of the commissioned officers who served
Charles I. and Charles II. in the wars of
Ireland before the fifth day of June, 1649.

CI) William Fullerton. the first American
ancestor of the family of the Fullertons here
dealt with, was born in Dublin. Ireland, died
at Ncwburg, Orange county. New York, in
17S6. He first settled on his arrival in this
country at the old town of Minisink, Orange
county, New York, and became one of the
pioneer farmers of the neighborhood. He
married Sarah Cooley. Children: William,
mentioned below: Daniel, born March 21,
1767; Samuel, June 2, 1769; Phineas, July

5, 1771; Sarah, April 11, 1773; Jane, Decem-
ber 23, 1775.

(II) William (2), eldest son of William
(i) and Sarah (Cooley) Fullerton. was born
March 3, 1765. died at Minisink. Orange
county, New York, February 21, 1817. He
was a farmer, but engaged occasionally in
commercial transactions and took consider-
able interest in the public questions of the
day. He married Mary Whittaker, born
April 20. 1766. died in 1840. the daughter of
Benjamin Whittaker. who removed to Sus-
quehanna two or three years before Wyo-
ming was taken by the Indians in 1778.
when his daughter Mary was about twelve
years old. He returned to Minisink. but
after peace was established removed and
located at the Cookhouse, on the Delaware.
Mary remained at Minisink. her marriage
with \\'illiam Fullerton having then taken
place. Mary (Whittaker) Fullerton was
one of the few survivors of the terrible In-
dian massacre at Wyoming. She was
among the fugitives who fled from Wyo-
ming Valley after witnessing the horrors of
that famous massacre. Among the school
children whose faces were marked with
paint by Brandt in order that their lives
might be spared by his followers was this
Polly (Mary) W'hittaker. She with her par-
ents and other children fled through the wil-
derness towards their former house in
Orange county. Children: William. Dan-
iel. Stephen ^^^. mentioned below; Eliza-

(III) Stephen W.. son of William (2) and
Mary (Whittaker) Fullerton. was born at
Minisink. Orange county. New York, in
1793. died in 1855. In addition to working
on the farm he held various public offices
from time to time. He was a justice of the
peace for sixteen consecutive years ; for one
term. 1837. a member of the assembly and
in T840 appointed "Associate County Judge"
of Orange county, an office under the con-
stitution of the state then in force, resem-
bling in its functi(Mis the justice of sessioiT^
of more recent times. This position he held
for five years.

These offices, while unini])ortant in them-
selves, show that Mr. Fnllcrtcin was held in
esteem in the communitv in which he lived.
It may be that the fact that he held these
offices and the nature of the business to

('t/c^^i^Ce^ ci-t i-c-'^^,^,.^::;^Co^z;^^x-__



which they led him to give more or less of
his time, had some influence in leading three
of his sons to adopt the law as their voca-
tion. The Hon. Walter C. Anthony say^
of him: "He was a man of great strength,
close built and stocky, unusually quick and
active, both physically and mentally, sympa-
thetic, generous, and kindly. His complex-
ion was sandy, and his hair was somewhat
brighter in hue than 'auburn- in his early
days. He sometimes spoke of himself as
'old sorrel.' As illustrative of his physical
strength and courage and his loyalty to a
comrade, though in this case it was only a
dog, I give this instance, which is told rrie
by one of his sons. One Sunday afternoon
he was looking after his cattle in some of
the back fields of his farm ; his only com-
panion was his dog and his only weapon
was his walking stick. In some way the dog
managed to get into an altercation with an
old she wild cat and was rapidly being con-
verted into strips and shreds. That was
enough to arouse the Fullerton fighting
blood and the old gentleman went to the
assistance of the dog. When the contest
ended Mr. Fullerton was decidedly the
worse for wear and his clothing was in tat-
ters but the wild cat was dead. Mr. Ful-
lerton had finally got her by the throat and
literally choked her to death."

He married Esther Stephens, the daugh-
ter of Holloway Stephens. Children: i.
Daniel, born February lo, 1814. 2. Eliza-
beth, married Peter J\lills. 3. William, men-
tioned below. 4. Mary, married Coe Mills.
5. Holloway S. 6. Stephen W., mentioned
below. 7. Peter P. 8. Benjamin S. 9. John
Henry. 10. Elsie T., married John H. Deck-
er. II. Esther I., married a Mr. Wallace.
12. Frances E., married Isaac Halstead.

(I\^) Judge William Fullerton, second
son of Stephen W. and Esther (Stephens)
Fullerton, was born at Minisink, Orange
county. New York, May i, 1817, died at
Newburg, Orange county. New York, March
15, 1900.

He had been a member of the bar of New
York City for nearly half a century and had
probalily tried more important cases than
any of his legal brethren. By general con-
sent he had been conceded to be the ablest
jury lawyer in the metropolitan district
since the death of James T. Brady, having

a profound knowledge of human nature, be-
ing quick and ready in debate and thor-
oughly posted on the fundamental principles
of law. He was pre-eminently a great ad-
vocate, and as a cross-examiner was in his
prime without a peer.

His youth was passed on his father's farm
and in 1837 he was graduated with honors
from Union College, having made his way
through school by teaching. Subsequently
he studied law and was admitted to the bar
in 1840. He at once commenced practicing
in Goshen. He soon moved to Newburg,
where in the next few years he was retained
on one side or the other in most of the lead-
ing cases tried in this and adjoining coun-
ties. In 1852 he was called upon to try a
very important case in the second judicial
district of New York state. It hajjpened
that his opponent was Charles O'Conor,
then recognized as the most prominent lead-
er of the bar. The case was tried in Brook-
lyn and though closely contested resulted
in the success of young Fullerton. Mr. O'-
Conor was impressed with the ability of his
determined adversary and invited him to
become a partner, the proposition was ac-
cepted. He at once joined Mr. O'Conor in
New York and took the high place in his
profession which he ever afterwards main-

Perhaps the most noted effort in the ca-
reer of Air. Fullerton was in the cross-exam-
ination of Henry Ward Beecher, in the great
case of Tilton vs. Beecher, which, on ac-
count of the distinction of the parties con-
cerned, was extensively reported, and ex-
cited more public notice than perhaps any
other tried in the United States. It was a
combat of intellectual giants and Mr. O'-
Conor characterized Judge Fullerton's
cross-examination as the ablest ever con-

In 1867 while in Canada on his annual
fishing trip with Chester A. Arthur and
other friends, he was appointed justice of
the supreme court to fill a vacancy in his
district, this being without his knowledge.
The appointment thus made him e.x-ofificio
member of the court of appeals, and at the
following election the people of the district
elected him without opposition. Judge Ful-
lerton's services in the court of appeals add-
ed to his reputation as an advocate and




jurist. On December 30, 1867, John K.
Porter, a member of the court of appeals,
wrote a letter from Albany to Charles O'-
Conor in which he said he proposed soon to
resign. It was his expressed desire that
Judge Fullerton should be appointed as his
successor. Mr. O'Conor was thoroughly in
sympathy with Judge Porter and sought to
induce Mr. Fullerton to accept the appoint-
ment, but the attraction and emoluments of
his career as an advocate led Air. Fullerton
to continue in active practice to the end.

Judge Fullerton married, in 1840, Cornelia
M.. daughter of Henry Gale, a merchant of
Orange county (see Gale VII.) They had
children as follows: i. William, who com-
pleted his musical studies in Heidelberg,
Germany. Many of his compositions were
published and won immediate recognition.
He died in England in 1888 in his thirty-
fourth year. 2. Augusta, married E. B.
Rudd and has one daughter Alice R., who
married Mr. Otis, and now resides in New-
burg, New York; children: W'illiam Fuller-
ton, born in 1893; Charles Augustus, 1895;
Philip Stewart, 1900. 3. Mary. 4. Anna.
The two latter died in infancy.

(IV) Judge Stephen W. (2) Fullerton,
son of Stephen W. (i) and Esther (Stephens)
Fullerton. was born October 17, 1823, died
in Goshen, New York, in 1902. He was
admitted to the bar of New York in 1844.
It would not be easy to define the qualities
which distinguished Stephen W. Fullerton
alx)\e his fellows as a lawyer. He had that
strange faculty which is sometimes spoken
of as "presence," sometimes as "magnet-
ism," which compels men to recognize and
acknowledge those who possess it as the
appointed leaders of their fellows. It was
chiefly in the trial of causes that he excelled ;
and so marked was his skill in this, the most
difficult dei^artment of a lawyer's work, that
attorneys from neighboring counties have
been known to remain at our county seats
over night merely in order that they might
watch, for a few hours longer, the methods
of a master-workman.

It is useless, however, to attempt to con-
vey any idea of the man himself by men-
tioning separate traits of his character. His
great ciiarm lay in his personality. He was
gentle as a child, but merciless to those who
sought to wrong his clients. Courageous

was he, to a marked degree, but cautious
withal. Tactful and adaptive, but never
waiving his clients' rights. He was mod-
est, unassuming, and free from pretence, but
always resourceful and self-reliant. But
above all he was the most loyal and unself-
ish of friends, not in any mere sentimental
way but in actual helpfulness to the extent
of self sacrifice on his own part. His gen-
erosity knew no limit except that imposed
by his own circumstances. With him it was
no dividing of his last crust with a friend.
If the situation demanded it the friend
would be free to the whole crust.

Judge Fullerton married Mary Halstead
and one son was born to them, Frank.
(The Gale Line.)

The word "Gael" means an Irishman or
a Scotchman in the original Gaelic or Celtic
language of Ireland and Scotland. The Fac-
lair Gaidhlig or Gaelic Dictionary of E. Mac-
Donald and Company. (Edinburgh, 1902),
says: "The difference between the Irish and
the Scots is geographical only and not racial,
as the records of both amply and abundant-
ly prove. Both call themselves 'Gaidhacl'
(Gael) in their own language, and fraternize
instantly as soon as English, the language
of disunion is dropped." Gale therefore may
very easily be a form of Gael. Gale mav,
however, be just as easily a form of "Gall."
which in Gaelic means "foreigner or strang-
er." This appears indeed a more probable
derivation than the other, the name pre-
sumably being applied originally to some
stranger appearing in a Gaelic speaking ter-
ritory of Ireland or Scotland. Still another
derivation has been given. Thus Lower in
his "Dictionary of Family Names of tlu-
United Kingdom; London, i860" says:
"Gael. The Gaels of Charlton Kings, c.
Gloucester, have written themselves at vari-
ous periods Galle, Gale, Gael and originally
De Galles. If this be correct the family may
have been of \\'elsh origin in Anglo-Norman
times when the country was known as
Gales or Gales."

(I) Edmund Gale, the supposed first
.American ancestor of the Gales here dcal^
with, was born probably in Great Britain or
Ireland, died in Boston in 1642. He lived
at Cambridge, Massachusetts. Nothing is
known of his wife but his supposed children
were: i. Thomas, who probably married be-



fore coming to America, settling at New
Haven, Connecticut, where he had : Martha,
baptized March 18, 1660; Abigail, baptized
June 22, 1660. 2. Robert, who receipted.
May 14, 1659, sugar of W'illiam Hollisworth
at Salem and again in 1666 receipted three
thousand nine hundred lbs. of Muscovado
sugar at Salem. 3. Ambrose, married Deb-
orah . 4. Bartholomew, married Mary

. 5. Edward, married Sarah Dixey. 6.

Abell, mentioned below. 7. l-'liazer, mar-
ried Elizabetli Bishop.

(II) Abell, son of Edmund Gale, was
probably born at New Haven, Connecticut,
probably died at Jamaica, Long Island, New
York. He first appears as having granted
to him "a lot to set his house on" in Jamaica
October 18, 1665. He was called "husband-
man" and in 1683, his rate list contained two
horses, two oxen, four "cowse," two three-
year olds; three two-year olds; six swine;
twenty-one acres of land ; and "the head,"
total value ninety-eight pounds sterling ten
shillings. Subsequent to this date he oc-
casionally bought and sold land as shown
by deeds still on record. The history of
Jamaica shows that the first settlers were
from Massachusetts and that Abell was a
member of the First Presbyterian church.
He married a woman whose first name was
Dinah, but whose other name remains un-
known. Children: John, mentioned below ;
Jacob, a house carpenter, died in 1720; Ne-
hemiah, who was a weaver; Thomas, also
became a weaver; Sarah, married Benjamin
Smith ; Andrew, whose will was dated De-
cember 24, 1742, probated in the court lulv
26. T743.

CIII) John, eldest son of Abell and Dinah
Gale, was born probably at Jamaica, Long
Island, New York, died at Goshen, New
York. He owned mills in Jamaica. Long
Island, and was a miller until 1721 when he
sold out for one thousand five hundred
pounds sterling and removed the same year
to Goshen, where he became one of the pro-
prietors of the new town. The records of
Jamaica say but little about the Gales.
John, however, it is recorded, obtained leave
of the town "to set up a great mill" April
I. 1701. He was a soldier in Captain Peter
Schuyler's company in 1602. probably to
serve against the French ; February 4. 1708-g
was rated si.xteen shillings and cightpence

on minister's salary and was a vestryman
in 1717. In Goshen, John was appointed an
elisor in a suit by the court in 1726. His
will was dated May 3, 1746 and proved Oc-
tober 24, 1750. He named apparently all
his children in his will. He married a
woman whose first name was Mary. Chil-
dren : John, Daniel. Thomas, mentioned be-
low ; Abraham, Hezckiah, Joseph, married

Rebecca ; Benjamin, born in 1715;

Catherine, married Mr. Ludlow.

(IV) H(m. Thomas Gale, third son of
John and A-Iary Gale, was born at Goshen,
New York, died in 1770. He was a mem-
ber of the New York general assembly from
October 9, 1739 to 1750 and judge of the
common pleas court of Orange county from
1740 to 1749. Judge Gale and his brother
.Abraham were petitioners for a grant and
patent for Minisink in 1770, but Judge Gale,
having died in the spring of that year and
having previously sold his interest, the
patent was issued in the name of the pur-
chaser and Abraham Gale. Thomas Gale
married and had issue: Thomas, mentioned
below : Richard. Henry. Tradition says that
his children were known as Tom. Dick and

(V) Thomas, eldest son of the Hon.
Thomas Gale, was born at Goshen, New
York. He lived at Wallkill, New York.
Children : John, Henry, mentioned below ;
Rebecca. Sarah. Abigail.

(\'I) Henry, second son of Thomas Gale,
of Wallkill. New York, was born in Orange
county, died at Newburg. Orange county.
New York. The name of his wife is un-
known. Children : Cornelia M., mentioned
below; Benjamin, born September 15. 1819.
married Elizabeth C. King.

('\^II) Cornelia M.. daughter of Henry
Gale, was born at Wallkill. New York. Sep-
tember 17, 1817. She married William Ful-
lerton. son of Stephen W. and Esther
(Stephens) Fullerton. (See Fullerton IV.).

Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 12 of 95)