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Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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Albany. & that every house should pay some two
Beavers, some more, some less, according to their
dimensions. Pr annum, for thirty years and after-
wards the Ranslaers to nut what rent upon them
they co\dd agree for. What reason Sir Edmund
Andros has given for not nutting these orders into
execution I know not. The Ranslaers came and
brought mec the same orders which I thought not
convenient to execute, judgeing it not for his Matys
Interest that the second Town of the Government &
which brink's his Maty soe great a Revenue, should
bee in the hands of any particular men. The town
of itself is upon a barren sandy spot of Land, &

the Inhabitants live wholly upon Trade with the In-
dians. By the means of .Mr. James Graham, Judge
(John) Palmer & Mr. (Stephanus van) Cortlandt
that have great influence on the people, I got the
Ranslaers to release their pretence to the Town and
sixteen miles into the Country for Commons to the
King, with liberty to cut firewood within the Colony
for one & twenty years. After I had obtained this
release of the Ranslaers I passed the patent for Al-
bany, wherein was included the aforementioned Pas-
ture to which the People apprehended they had so
good a right that they expressed themselves discon-
tented at my reserving a small spot of it for a garden
for the use of the Garrison. That the people of .-M-
bany has given mee seven hundred pounds is untrue.
I am but promised three hundred pounds which is
not near my Prquisits, viz. ten shillings for every
house & the like for every hundred acres patented
by mee."

Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer, the fourth Patroon,
married Alaria Van Cortlandt, in New York
City, (Jctober 15, 1701. She was born on her
father's extensive estate, the Van Cortlandt
Manor, near Croton, New York, April 4, 1680.
She wrote her name Maritje. Her father was
Stephanus Van Cortlandt (born May 7, 1643,
died November 25, 1700), son of Oloff Stev-
eiiscii \'an Cortlandt and Anna Loockermans,
who had married. September 10, 1671, Ger-
trude Sciiuyler (born February 4, 1654, died
after (Jctober 7, 1719), daughter of Philip
Schuyler and Margareta Van Slechtenhorst.
Maria \'an Cortlandt, when Van Rensselaer's
widow. iii;irried Dominie John Miller, or Mel-
len. Children, born at Albany: i. Maria,
July 31, 1702; married Frederick Van Cort-
landt. 2. Gertrude, (Jctober 4, 1703; died May
9, 1705. 3. Jeremias, March 18, 1705; died at
Albany, and was buried May 8, 1745, without
issue; he came of legal age in 1726 and was
made the fifth Patroon, or third Lord of the
Manor, and represented the manor in the as-
sembly from September, 1726, to September,
1743. 4. Stephen, mentioned below. 5. Jo-
hannes, December 10, 1708, died 1711, with-
out issue. 6. Daughter, born August 28, 1710;
died September 2, 1710. 7. Johannes, Novem-
ber 15. 1711; died December 9, 1711. 8.
Jacobus (James), March 29, 1713; died 1713.
9. Gertrude, October i, 1714; married Ado-
niah Schuyler (born 1717, died 1763), son of
Arent Schuyler and Swantje Dyckhuyse. 10.
John Baptist. January 29, 1717; died 1763,
without issue. 11. Anna, January i, 1719;
died 1791 : married John .Schuyler, son of
Arent Schuyler and Swantje Dyckhuyse.

(IV) Stephen, son of Kiliaen Van Reus-


selaer and Maria Van Cortlandt, was born at
Albany, New York, March 17, 1707; was bap-
tized March 23 by Dominie Lydius, of the
Dutch Reformed Church, with General PhiHp
Schuyler, godfather, Maria Van Cortlandt and
Elizabeth Johanna Schuyler, godmothers; died
at the Manor House in Albany, and was
buried "at the mills" on July i, 1747. He was
the sixth Patroon, and known as the fourth
Lord of the Manor. His elder brother, Jere-
mias Van Rensselaer, had been the fifth Pa-
troon, but died unmarried in 1745, as the old-
est son of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer. Stephen
therefore succeeded him in control. His con-
stitution was not robust, and he never took a
very active part in public affairs, and only two
years after his succession died at the age of
forty. The population of the province of New
York at that time was 61,589. Colonel Will-
iam Johnson was at that period sending bands
of Indian allies into Canada, for in Septem-
ber, 1746, he had been appointed "chief man-
ager of the Indian war and colonel over all
the Indians by their own approbation." The
savages had burned the farms at Saratoga
(Schuylerville) November 17, 1745, and the
French were expected to move upon Albany
at any time. He married, at Albany, July 5,
1729, Elizabeth Groesbeck, born at Albany,
baptized August 17, 1707, buried December
31, 1756. Her father was Stephanus Groes-
beck, a trader (son of Claas Jacobse Groes-
beck, from Rotterdam in 1662), buried July
17, 1744, who married, July 16, 1699, Eliza-
beth Lansing (born 1679), daughter of Johan-
nes Lansing (born in Hassel and buried at
Albany, February 28. 1728) and Gertrude Van
Schaick. Children of sixth Patroon Stephen
Van Rensselaer and Elizabeth Groesbeck: i.
Kiliaen. born at Albany, baptized December 8,
1730; died 1730, without issue. 2. Marie, bap-
tized August 13, 1732; died 1734, without is-
sue. 3. Elizabeth, baptized July 12, 1734;
married at Albany, November i, 1763, General
Abraham Ten Broeck (son of Mayor Dirck
Ten Broeck and Margarita Cuyler), who was
mayor of Albany from April 9, 1779, to June
26, 1783, and from October 15, 1796, to De-
cember 31, 1798; born at Albany, May 13,
1734, died there January 19, 1810. 4. Kiliaen,
baptized April 17, 1737 ; died without issue. 5.
Maria, baptized August 19, 1739; died without
issue. 6. Stephen, seventh Patroon, born at
Rensselaerswyck, baptized June 2, 174". died

October 19, 1769; married Catherine Living-
ston (see forward). 7. Kihaen, born 1743;
died without issue.

(V) Stephen (2), son of Stephen Van
Rensselaer and Elizabeth Groesbeck, was born
at Rensselaerswyck, baptized June 2, 1742, and
died at Watervliet, Albany county, October 19,
1769. He was the seventh Patroon. His fa-
ther had died when he was only five years old
and the estate had to be managed for him. At
about that time (in 1749) the population of
Albany county was 10,634, and of the colony
of New York 73,348. The boundary between
New York and Massachusetts was in dispute
in 1752, as the manors of Hendrick Van Rens-
selaer and Robert Livingston, on the east side
of the Hudson, were being encroached upon.
In 1753 the Albany council petitioned Gov-
ernor Clinton to levy a tax on the province
in order to raise $30,000 to erect a stone wall
about -the city, claiming it required such de-
fense as a frontier town. The various prov-
inces sent commissioners to the colonial con-
gress held in Albany, June, 1754, and 1755
marked the great conflict with the French, with
serious engagements along Lakes Champlain
and George, which were of vital concern to
Albany. On September 17, 1755, General
Philip Schuyler married Catharine Van Rens-
selaer, only daughter of Colonel John Van
Rensselaer, of the Claverack Manor, and
granddaughter of the original owner of the
vast tract on the east side after the first divi-
sion of the Van Rensselaer patent. In 1756
the population of Albany county had risen to
17,524, and the Schuyler Flatts were burned
that year. So serious was the Massachusetts
boundary dispute in July, 1757, that ofifers
were made to take Hendrick Van Rensselaer
dead or alive. Troops assembled here in great
numbers under General James Abercrombie in
1758, and following the death of Lord Howe
at Ticonderoga, July 6th, his body was brought
here for burial in St. Peter's Church.

The A'an Rensselaer Manor House, ■ • he
"Patroon's," as it was more commonly cal'cd,
was built by Stephen Van Rensselaer in 1765.
At the time of its erection it was unquestion-
ably the handsomest house in the colonies, and
as such exerted a wide influence over the archi-
tecture of the more ambitious dwellings. Onq
or two (possibly three) other edifices had been
used by the head of the family before this, and
likewise styled the Manor House ; but they


were ])oor affairs compared with this one or
with the average residence of these days in a
country village. The original house was built
of brick of unusual size (9 x 4'^ x 2 inches)
and it was painted in the colonial colors, cream
and white. A short Hight of steps led up to
the Dutch "stoop," a small porch whose roof
was upheld by two Doric columns, above
which, in the second story, was the great Pal-
ladian window. The house was flanked at
cither end with octagonal wings one story in
height. Tlie walls were of unusual solidity,
and the entire construction was the heaviest.
The floor beams were of hewn pine, ranging
from 3 X 12 to 9 X 11 inches. All about it
were gardens and lawns, surrounded by enor-
mous elms, and the gradual slope towards the
Hudson river was beautified for acres with
floral effects, fountain and statuary. Located
one mile north of State street, it stood directly
at the head of Broadway, which made a turn
to the west in order to continue northward as
the Troy road. Patroon's creek was the south-
ern demarcation of the property, spanned by a
massive brownstone bridge, and at its edge
stood the lodge where the keeper lived. It was
to this handsome home that Stephen Van Rens-
selaer brought his bride, Catherine Livingston ;
but he enjoyed it only a brief spell, for within
six years of his marriage he died.

Stejjhen \'an Rensselaer, the seventh Pa-
troon, married, in New York City, januarj'
2^, 1764. Catherine Livingston, born August
25, I74> died .April 17, 1810. Her father was
Philip Livingston, signer of the Declaration of
Indc]icndence for Mew York state, born Janu-
ary 15, 1716, died at York, Pennsylvania. June
12, 1778, who married, April 14, 1740. Chris-
tina Ten Broeck, born December 30. 1718. died
June 29, 1801. When a widow, following the
death of her husband, October 19, 1769, Mrs.
Van Rensselaer married, at .Mbany, July 19.
1775, Dominie Eilardus Westerlo, pastor of
the Dutch Reformed Church in Albany, who
was born in Groeningen, came to Albany in
1760, and died in Albany, December 26, 1790,
by whom she had Rensselaer Westerlo, born
in the Manor House, May 6, 1776, died April
18, 185 1, married May 5, 1S05, Jane Lansing,
daughter of Chancellor John Lansing; and a
daughter, Catherine, born in the Manor House,
August 23, T778. died at .Albany, September
27, 1846. married Judge John Woodworth.
Children of seventh Patroon Stephen Van

Rensselaer and Catherine Livingston: 1.
Stephen, born in New York City, November
I, 1764. (See forward.) 2. Philip Schuy-
ler, born at the Manor House, Albany,
April 15, 1766; died at No. 85 State street,
Albany, September 25, 1824; was thirty-
second mayor of Albany, officiating the
longest of any mayor, January i, 1799, to July
7, 1816, and July 3, 1819, to February 18, 1821,
and was president of the Bank of Albany ;
married, 1787, Anna de Peyster Van Cort-
landt, born 1766, died January 10, 1855, and
was daughter of General Philip Van Cort-
landt and Catherine De Peyster ; no issue. 3.
Elizabeth, born at the Manor House in Al-
bany, August 15, 1768; died in Albany, March
27, 1841 ; married in Albany. September 18,
1787. John Bradstreet Schuyler, born in Al-
bany, and was baptized July 23, 1765, died at

Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 2 of 95)