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Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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street. New York, being now head of the legal
firm of Tappan & Bennett. Mr. Tappan is a
man of strong individuality and has taken an
interest in public matters, uniformly from the
point of view of the individual citizen, and
not as an office-seeker or office-holder. He
has become allied with various organizations,
in whose work and principles he feels an in-
terest. He is a member of the .Association of
the Bar of the City of New York, the New
York State Bar Association, New York Coun-
ty Lawyers' Association. Nassau County Bar
Association, American Bar Association. In-
ternational Law .Association of London,



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



American Economic Association, American
Scenic and Historic Preservation Society,
American Society of International Law.
American Society for Judicial Settlement of
International Disputes, Board of International
Hospitality, Civil Service Reform Association,
Navy League of the United States, New York
Peace Society, Sons of the Revolution, and
other kindred bodies. Among the clubs with
which he holds affiliation may be mentioned
the Yale, Nassau Country, Reform, Republi-
can, Sewanhaka Corinthian Yacht, Whitehall,
City Graduate Club of New Haven, Psi Upsi-
lon. Glenwood Country, Hempstead Harbor,
Huntington Country, Economic of New York.
Piping Rock Racing Association. He was one
of the founders of the National Progressive
party and represented that party on the New
York electoral ticket in the presidential cam-
paign of 1912. He resides during part of the
year near Glen Cove, in the town of Oyster
Bay, and during the remainder of the year in
the city of New York. He married. May 21,
1885, Caroline A., daughter of James and
Caroline (Valentine) Titus, of Glen Cove.



Coldwell and Caldwell are
COLDWELL different forms of the same

surname. "The name Cald-
well," says a writer, bearing the patronymic,
"is a pleasant treasure ; for there is a tradition
yet told in England and Scotland that a little
company, centuries ago, discovered a well of
remarkable coldness. They pitched their tents
and later took up a continuous abode near it.
They were ever after called Cold-wells or, as
it has since been evolved, the Caldwells". The
Patronymica Brittanica asserts that the name
means "cold well", and says that the name is
derived from localities in various counties in
England bearing it. Another writer suggests
that Caldwell is a synonym of wisdom and
authority ; as the word Cold-wold in the Scot-
tish dialect of English was the Hazel-wood
cr the divinity rod, which hung for a long
time in Bavarian court rooms as a symbol of
authority and justice. The baton of officers
and the schoolmasters' rods were of hazel in
olden times.

The Caldwells appear in England in the
reign of William the Conqueror; they were
prominent in later centuries in Ayrshire, Scot-
land, and their names are recorded as borne
by immigrants from England, Ireland and



Scotland, in the early days of New England's
story. In the Domesday Book of England
what would appear to be the same name is
spelled Caldeuuelle. The name has been com-
mon for centuries in England, Ireland, Scot-
land and France, though of course few of the
families bearing it have any connection with
each other. Thus many of the Caldwells of
Ireland and Scotland were originally Mac-
Cawells, the Gaelic form of the name being
Mac Cathmhaoill, from Cathmhaoill, ninth in
descent from Farach. brother of the monarch,
Murtogh Mor, son of Earca, who is ninetieth
on the stem of the House of Heremon. Many
of the Caldwells or Coldwells of Britain and
Ireland have the right to bear arms. The
Coldwells or Caldwells here dealt with, as far
as their origin can be traced, appear to be of
Yorkshire stock, England, this line finding its
way to America only in the nineteenth century.
(I) Jonathan Coldwell or Caldwell, the im-
mediate progenitor in England of the family
here dealt with, was born at Staleybridge,
Yorkshire. England, about the year 1790, and
died at the same place. He probably was en-
gaged to some extent in farming, but the evi-
dence points to the probability that he was
engaged by regular occupation in the iron
trade. He married, probably about 1812, but
the maiden name of the wife remains unre-
corded. Children : John, mentioned below ;
Jephtha, Abel, Joseph.

(II) John Coldwell, eldest son of Jonathan
Coldwell or Caldwell, was born at Staley-
bridge, Yorkshire, England, about 1814, died
at Matteawan. New York. He was by occu-
pation a grinder, and was engaged in the iron
trade. He came to America in 1841 with his
family and settled in Matteawan, New York,
where he was engaged by Mr. Rothery as a
file grinder. He continued in this sort of work
for a number of years, but finally left it to
engage in the grocery business, in which he
continued until his death. He and his wife
were buried in the Methodist cemetery of
Matteawan, New York. He married, about
1837, at Staleybridge, Yorkshire, England,
Hannah, daughter of a Mr. Ardron, who
lived in the same neighborhood. Children:
Thomas, mentioned below ; Samuel ; John ;
Joseph; Sarah, married William W'arwick;
Ellen, married John Myers ; Anne, married
James Terwilliger.

(Ill) Thomas, eldest son of John and Han-



226



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



nah (Ardron) Coldvvell, was born at Staley-
bridge, Yorkshire, England, September 28.
1838, died at Newburg. New York. July 28.
1905. He became one of the pioneers m
America among manufacturers in one impor-
tant line of industry. He was so essentially
American and was so long engaged in useful
labor on this side of the sea that no one ever
took him as being foreign born. "I am gen-
erally taken for an American", he once said,
"and a Yankee at that. My mother came
from an old Lancashire family of farmers,
and owned a small estate in that county,
which had been in the family from the time
of Cromwell. My father's family were of
humbler origin and belonged to Lancashire.
They were somewhat noted for their genius
and love of liberty, several useful inventions
having emanated from members of his fam-
ily. Their love of liberty, and what they
considered the oppression of the English laws,
led them to emigrate to America in 1841. and
no more enthusiastic and loyal citizen ever
claimed .America as his home than my father".
Thomas Coldwell was only three years old
when he arrived in America in company with
his parents in 1841. As soon as he was old
enough to learn anything he was put to work.
The family having settled at Matteawan, New
York, he found employment in the cotton fac-
tory there when he was eight years old at a
dollar a week. At the age of eleven he was
placed with John Rothery, a file-maker, to
learn the trade of file cutting. He was with
him for several years, but did not like the
business and begged his father to put him
where he could learn to be a machinist. He
worked with his father at grinding for three
years, and then, as his father was leaving the
business, he was bound apprentice for three
years "to learn the art, trade and mystery of
file forging". He stayed at the file business
only two years and for three years after
assisted his father, who had gone into the
grocery business, by clerking for him. In
1861 he took a contract from the Washington
Iron Works of Newburg to grind and finish
the brass work for use on gun carriages.
About the time the gun carriage contract work
was finished this company took a large con-
tract for building freight cars and he secured
a job in the car works, running a lathe, and
turning car axles. This was his first real
work as a machinist, and he bent every energy



to make the most of his opportunity, and was
so far successful that in six weeks he had
entire charge of all the wheel and axle work,
and a few weeks later took all the work by
contract.

About that time he made a file cutting ma-
chine, which was his first real invention of
any kind. He interested the Eagle File Com-
pany of Middletown in it, and they purchased
a one-half interest for $500.00. But the cut-
ting machine was not a great success, but it
led him to invent a file stripping machine,
which was a great success, and on which he
took out his first patent. In 1865 he returned
to his old home at Matteawan, New York,
and later entered the employ of H. N. Swift,
and while with him he made the only lawn
mowers made in this country. The idea of
making a lawn mower was suggested to him
by Henry Winthrop Sargent, of Fishkill-on-
the-Hudson, who owned an English mower
which Swift had often repaired for him.
Thomas Coldwell made many improvements
in tools for Swift and among other things
invented the revolving cutter grinder, which
is now used in every lawn mower factory in
the country. He had a fellow workman named
George L. Chadbom, and between the two
of them they made a lawn mower and named
it "Excelsior". They interested L. M. Smith
and Charles J. Lawson, hardware men of
Newburg, New York, in their new machine
and they formed a copartnership with them.
They made but one size machine, sold for
thirty dollars, and in 1870 they organized the
Chadborn and Coldwell Manufacturing Com-
pany, with a capital of $4,000.00. Thomas
Coldwell was the president, and he held that
position for over twenty years, in fact, until
he left the company. The first year they
made over three hundred mowers, and the
following year about one thousand. About
this time they bought out Swift's lawn mower
business as well as several other businesses in
the same line that had not prospered. In 1876
Mr. Coldwell went to Europe to introduce the
company's mowers. His trip was very suc-
cessful and he placed the company's mowers
with a large firm having houses in both Lon-
don and Paris, and four years later they estab-
lished their own house in London and Mr.
Coldwell spent the "lawn mower season" in
Europe pushing the trade. The principal
event in connection with the English business



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



was the international trial of lawn mowers
held at Liverpool in iS86, which Mr. Coldwell
attended. At this exhibition twenty-two dif-
ferent makes of lawn mowers were entered,
principally from the United States and Eng-
land. Mr. Coldwell worked both the horse
and hand mowers at the trial, the result of
which was that he carried off both first premi-
ums. "I felt", he says, "that it was the proud-
est day of my life when I cabled the result
to the factory and friends at home".

In 1891 he sold out his interest in the Chad-
born and Coldwell Manufacturing Company
as he had a desire to have a business he could
control, and he also wished to introduce some
new inventions in lawn mowers and also some
improved machinery for manufacturing the
same. He therefore at once organized the
Coldwell Lawn Mower Company. They built
a new plant, and stocked it with the best tools
and machinery. The panic of 1893 affected
the new company, but in the following year
they had great success which continued in the
years that followed, during which the plant
had to be repeatedly enlarged. They could
finally turn out twelve hundred hand mowers
a day besides a large number of horse and
motor mowers. They also had a large foreign
trade and exported mowers to nearly every
civilized nation in the world.

Thomas Coldwell married, in i860, Jose-
phine Terwilliger, of Stormville, New York,
born June 27, 1837, and now living at New-
burg, New York. Children: William H.,
mentioned below ; Jennie, married E. C. Ross :
Harrv T., mentioned below.

(IV) William H., eldest son of Thomas
and Josephine (Terwilliger) Coldwell. was
born May 6, 1863, at Stormville, Dutchess
county. New York. He attended the Academy
at Newburg and Eastman's Business College
at Poughkeepsie. On completion of his
studies he organized the Coldwell Wilcox
Manufacturing Company of Newburg, of
which he is now the vice-president. In i8qi
he became representative in Europe for the
Coldwell Lawn Mower Company which he
and his father had newly organized. In 1897
they bought out the Chadborn and Coldwell
Manufacturing Company, a transaction which
considerably extended their business. \\'illiam
H. has held all the offices within the gift of
the corporation, having gone through the dif-
ferent grades, finally becoming president on



the death of his father. He is the inventor
of the motor lawn mower, now in use the
world over. He is a member of the Republi-
can Club of New York, the Hardware Club,
the City Club, the Powellton, the Elks' Club,
and also belongs to the Masonic order. He
has been alderman at large several years and
has also been supervisor of the fourth ward
for a like number of years. He has been alms
house commissioner and is now park commis-
sioner in the city of Newburg. He married,
at Newburg, December 24, 1885, Emma C,
daughter of Henry T. and Mary E. (Chap-
man) Pierce, of Newburg. Children: Theo-
dora, born at Newburg, New York, in 1887;
Kenneth Pierce, born at Newburg, New York,
in April, 1889.

(IV) Harry T., son of Thomas and Jose-
phine (Terwilliger) Coldwell, was born at
Newburg, New York, January 15, 1876. He
was educated at the Academy at Newburg,
and was also for two years at St. Giles' School,
London, England. He did not, however, fin-
ish his schooling in England for on his return
he entered the Sigler Preparatory School at
Newburg. On leaving school he entered the
Coldwell Lawn Mower Company, of which
he has since held all the offices, with the ex-
ception of that of president, and is now secre-
tary and director. He is a member of the
Masonic order and a Shriner, member of the
City Club of Newburg, of the Friars' Club,
New York, and of the Newburg Yacht Club.
He is president of the Stonybrook Real Estate
Improvement Company, was alderman of the
fourth ward, Newburg. an office which he
filled for two terms. He married. June 29,
1898, Mary A., daughter of William Holt, of
Lancashire county, England. There has been
one son of the marriage, Thomas, born at
Newburg, New York.



The surname Crawford ap-
CRAWFORD pears to be of Scottish ori-
gin, and has been derived
by one authority from a parish of the same
name in Lanarkshire, Scotland, and several
other places in North Britain. This may have
been the origin of the name as borne by fam-
ilies of Anglo-Saxon or Norman descent on
the paternal side. In some cases, however,
the family name of Crawford, which is known
in the three kingdoms of England, Ireland and
.Scotland, almost equally well, is the transla-



228



SOUTHERN' NEW YORK



tion or transmutation of a name that was
purely Gaelic, but which for convenience had
to take an EngHsh form, as the more modern
displaced the more ancient tongue of Eire and
Alba. In a great many cases the name appears
to have been derived from the family of Sir
Roger de Craufurd, a knight from Normandy,
who was the sheriff of Ayrshire in 1291, and
who himself seems to have been the common
ancestor of many of the branches of the fam-
ilv bearing the name to which he belonged.
The name in its Norman form was anciently
written Craufuird. There is another tradition
to the effect that the first bearer of the name
was one Mackornock, who signalized himself
at an engagement by "water of Cree in Gallo-
way, by discovering of a Foord, which gave
a signal advantage to his party". Hence he
got the name of Cree-Foord or Craufurd.
According to Burke's "Work on tieraldry"
there are something like twenty-one families
in the British Tsles bearing this name, who
have tlie right to bear arms. One of these
shields is described heraldically : Quarterly,
1st and 4th, gu. a fesse erm. in base two
swords saltireways ppr. hilted and pommeled
or., a bordure wavy ar. 2nd and 3rd, sa. three
lions heads erased or. Crest : A sword erect in
pale having on the point a pair of balances all
ppr. Motto: Quod tibi hoc alteri.

(I) Quintan Crawford, the immigrant an-
cestor of the Crawford family here under
consideration, was born in Edinburgh, Scot-
land, 1675, died at New Castle, Westchester
county. New York, 1748. He was a manu-
facturer of woolen goods and materials of a
similar kind. He emigrated to .Vmerica in
the early part of 1701 and landed in New
Amsterdam, purchasing a large farm in New
Castle, which in those days was known as
North Castle, and there settled. He married,
in the early part of the year 1717, Dorothy
McDonald. Children : John, see forward :
Feli.x, Uriah, Israel, Tamathy.

(II) John, eldest son of Quintan and Doro-
thy (McDonald) Crawford, was born about
1693, probably died in New Castle. He mar-
ried and had a number of children, among
them being .Samuel.

(III) Samuel, son of John Crawford, was
known as "The Patriot", and was born at
White Plains, New York, October 12, 1736.
When he had grown to manhood he purchased
a farm of ninety-six acres located on the west



side of the town of Scarsdale, adjoining the
farm of Jonathan Griffin Tompkins, border-
ing on the Bronx river and what is now known
as Hartsdale. This he made his permanent
residence. In the spring of 1775, when the
country was all aflame against the outrages
of Cireat Britain he, with James Varian, or-
ganized a company of soldiers from among
the young men living in the towns of White
Plains and Scarsdale. and on February 14,
1775, he was elected lieutenant of said com-
pany which was attached to and formed a part
of Colonel Joseph Drake's regiment of minute-
men. He was deputy from ^^^estchester coun-
ty to the provincial congress for the years
1775-76-77. In May, 1775, he was a commit-
teeman from the town of Scarsdale for the
purposes of the war of the revolution. When
the news reached White Plains from Phila-
delphia, declaring independence from the
mother country, the state convention was in
session. It was moved that the colony of
New York be a free and independent state,
which resolution was seconded by Samuel
Crawford (birth of state of New York). On
November 18, 1777, he, with a detachment of
his company, was surprised by a detachment
of British soldiers near Stephen Ward's tav-
ern, which was located at the forks of the
Albany post road and the road to Tuckahoe
depot to town of East Chester, now known as
Gifford's Park. .Samuel Crawford and sev-
eral others were killed and thrown into a hole
in the ground opposite this tavern without a
shroud or coffin. (An account of this burial
can be found in the National Magazine of the
year 1853).

Samuel Crawford married, in Tarrytown,
New York, January 29, 1759, Jane Requa.
Children: Elijah, born November 4, 1759,
died September 28, 1840: John, February zi,
1761, died March 7, 1851 ; Esther; Mary;
Samuel, see forward ; Joseph, November 8,
1776; Rachel.

(IV) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and
Jane (Requa) Crawford, was born April 4,
1774, in White Plains. New York, died Octo-
ber t8, 1813. He married on City Island, West-
chester county. New York, (now the borough
of the Bronx, New York) August 12, 1797,
Anna Horton, born July 10, 1778, in New
York City, died January 17. i860. Children: i.
James, born June 25, 1798, died October 5,
1855 ; married, January 23, 1822, Phoebe



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



229



Hvatt, born September 9, 1796, died February

7, 1883. 2. Elisha, see forward. 3. Rachel,
born February 23, 1803, died October 19,
1871 ; married, April 15, 1820, John S. Ellison,
born June 12, 1798, died August 3, 1870. 4.
John, born August 4, 1805, died September
2S. 1880; married, November 5, 1820, Mar-
garet Tompkins, born November 25, 1802,
died July 24, 1888. 5. Margaret Ann, born
May 4, 1808, died August 15, 1876; married,
February 18, 1829, Daniel Devoe, born Feb-
ruary 5, 1804, died December 6, 1869. 6.
George Washington, born July 8, 1812, died
January 9, 1890; married, May 17, 1837, Mar-
garetta M. Moore, born January 10, 1819,
died November 26, 1888.

(V) Elisha, second son of Samuel (2) and
Anna (Horton) Crawford, was born in White
Plains, New York, December 6, 1800, died
September 8, 1877. He married, September
12, 1822, in Greenburg, Westchester county.
New York, Judith, born March 20, 1798, died
February 19, 1843, daughter of James and
Elizabeth (Underhill) Tompkins. Children:
I. Joseph, born December 24, 1823, died Oc-
tober 22, 1850; married, July 12, 1844, Esther
Jackson, born October 12, 1823, had one child,
Joseph Jr., born May 14, 1846, died August
16. 1878. 2. Samuel, born June 26, 1825. died
December 14, 1906: married, November 27,
1854, Augusta Smith Hanna, born October 9,
1831 ; children: i. Ada Louise, born July 26,
1855: ii. Stella Augusta, September 11, 1856;
iii. Willard Lee, May 5, 1859, died December

8, 1859; iv. Joseph Everhard, born September
23, i860, married, November 21, 1890, Mary
EHzabeth Clough, born August 15, 1865, and
had children: Mildred, born August 13, 1891,
Genevieve, born December 4, 1893, died April
12, 1894, Girard, born June 9, 1896, died July
7. 1898; V. Clara Tompkins, born June 21.
1864. married, October 17, 1888, Frederick
Maxson. born June 13, 1862, and had chil-
dren: Frederick Raymond, born June 12,
1890, and Harold Crawford, born October 6,
1892. 3. Ann Elizabeth, born May i, 1827,
died April 29. 1003 ; married, February 12,
1846. James H. Olsen. born April 4, 1826. was
killed "at ALnlvern Hill. July i. 1862; children:
i. Emma, born October 29, 1846, married, July
10. 1863. George Barnett, born December 23,
1839; ii. Fanny, born June 13, 1855, died Sep-
tember 29, 1887: married (first! October 15,
1872, Thomas Browne, born October 4, 1845,



died November 4, 1874, and had one child,
Albert, born July 26, 1873; married (second)
July 8, 1880, Thomas de Codezo, born August
6, 1849, died October 11, 1887, and had, Elsie,
bom December 9, 1884. 4. William Henry,
born May 20, 1829, died August 30, 1830. 5.
James Ray Tompkins, born June 26, 1831,
died March 24, 1894. 6. Frances Araminta,
born July 11, 1833, died April 18, 1890; mar-
ried, October 9, 1856, Daniel H. Little, born
August 21, 1837, died May 8, 1892; children:
i. (Chester H., born September 24, 1857 ; ii.
Laura F., born November 18, 1859, died Jan-
uary 26, 1862; iii. Elisha Crawford, born Oc-
tober 8, 1861, died April 17, 1882, married D.
Franklin, who died November 7, 1891 ; iv.
Ophelia A., born December 10, 1863. married,
December 23, 1885, Loron M. Burdick, born
October 18, 1856, and had children: Hazel L.,
born January 12, 1887, Mildred E., September
20, 1892, and Loraine C, born December 22,
1894; V. Charles W., born June 25. 1866, died
May 9, 1900; vi. Lillie F., born September 22,
1870, married, July 10. 1889. Frank M. Dunn,
born February 12, 1863, and had children :
Viola L., born August 10, 1890, Helen L., born
August 7, 1894. 7. John Washburne, born
October 9, 1835, died March 27, 1877; mar-
ried, May 5, 1864, Jennie H. Gedney. born
May 7, 1842; children: i. Lincoln, born Febru-
ary '27, 1865, died August 28, 1876; ii. Elisha,
born June 18, 1869; iii. John, born April 23,
1872. 8. Franklin, born November 21. 1837,
died February 13, 1907; married. November
II. 1865, Henrietta K. Smith, born February
13, 1846; children: i. Eva, born December 22,
1869, died February 17, 1871 ; Edwin. October
25. 1871 ; Mabel, April 14, 1873, died August
13, 1878. 9. Sarah Margaret, born February
18. 1839: married (first) October 17. 1861,
Walter M. Covert, born September 27. 1837,
died Mav 22, 1874. and had one child, Howard
E., born September 27, 1865. died March 28,
1878; married (second) Robert J. Ellis, born
December 16, 1827. and had children: i.
Harriet C. born May 21. 1874: ii. Emilv TT..
May 2. 1880, died July 10. 1880: iii. Rob rt
C. born August 31. 1877. 10. George R.. see
forward.

(YD Georare R., youngest son of Elisha and
Tudith (Tompkins) Crawford, was born in
White Plains, New York, June 21, 1841.
After being graduated from the Lockswood
Military Academy in 1859, he entered the



230



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



store of A. Rankin & Company, No. 96 Broad-
way, dealers in Scotch woolens and hosiery.
In 1862 he engaged in the fire and life insur-
ance business with his father, under the title
of E. Crawford & Son. On October 19. 1864,
he was elected secretary of the Westchester
Fire Insurance Company, which position he
held until January 10, 1879. when he was
elected to the presidency, an office he has filled
very capably up to the present time (1913)-
On May 16, 1861, with a number of other
young men, he organized the Union Hook
and Ladder Company of White Plains, New
York. December 10, 1867, he was elected a
member of the Clinton Hook and Ladder
Company, No. i, of Mount Vernon, New



Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 43 of 95)