Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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York. March 4, 1869, he was elected assist-
ant foreman of said company, and in 1870 was
chosen as foreman, and on April 20, 1877, he
was elected chief of the Mount Vernon Fire
Department. October 16, 1905, he was ap-
pointed fire commissioner of the city of Mount
Vernon, New York. He was initiated a mem-
ber of Huguenot Lodge. No. 46, Free and
Accepted Masons, of New Rochelle, New
York, February 8. 1866; was demitted to
Hiawatha Lodge, No. 442, Mount Vernon,
New York ; exalted in Nepperham Chapter,
No. 177, Royal Arch Masons. Yonkcrs, New
York, July i, 1868; demitted to Mount Ver-
non Chapter of the Royal Arch Masons, Au-
gust 19, 1868. He was knighted in West-
chester Commandery, No. 42, Knights Tem-
plar, of White Plains, August 19. 186S. He
became a charter member of Bethlehem Com-
mandery, No. 53, Knights Templar, New Ro-
chelle. New York, and was elected first gen-
eralissimo. April 12, t888. He was elected
eminent commander, June 3, 1895; '^ member
of Mecca Temple. Ancient Arabic Order
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, June 3. 1895; a
member of Wauregan Encampment, O. D.' O.,
Mount \'emon. New York, October 29, 1890;
became a member of the Ancient and .Accepted
Scottish Rite, Northern Jurisdiction, Febru-
ary 17, 1896. He is a member of the Empire
State Society of Sons of the American Revo-
lution, through Lieutenant Samuel Crawford,
his lineal ance.stor. He is a life member of
the Bethlehem Ciolf Club, at Bethlehem, New
Hampsliirc. and holds membership in the
Methodist Episcopal church of White Plains.
Mr. Crawford married, in Brooklyn. New
York, May 24, 1864, Lucretia, born 'Septem-



ber 10. 1844, in Long Branch, New Jersey,
daughter of James and Rebecca Anna (Wool-
ley) Creig, whose marriage occurred in 1843.
Mr. (irieg was a clothing merchant. Children :
I. Mabel, born March 27, 1866, died August
21, 1867. 2. George Beaumont, born March
16, 1869; married, October 27, 1886, Ella F.
Tichenor, born December 15, 1866, and has
one child. Morrell Tompkins, born October
12, 1899.



\'arious origins have been at-
CLINTON tributed to this name. It has
been described as Saxon, Nor-
man-French, Welsh and Irish in origin, and
the truth seems to be that the name has really
at least two dififering origins. It appears as
the family name of the Earls of Lincoln in
England ; but it is well known also in Ireland
and Scotland, in those two countries it is as-
serted to have a purely Gaelic origin. Lower,
the British authority on surnames, says of it :
"The Duke of Newcastle derives from Rcin-
baldus, who came hither at the Conquest, and
assumed his stirname, Glimpton (anciently
written Clinton), county Oxford, part of the
possessions granted to him for his services."
The name is known in Ireland and Scotland
under the forms Clinton. Mac Clinton and Mac
Clinlain ; and in these cases is said to be a
contraction of the Gaelic terms Mac-giolla-
Finton. Mac stands for "son ;" giolla means
"votary" or "devoted ;" and Finton stands for
"St. Fintain." The meaning of the terms
Mac-gioUa-Finton. therefore, is "the son of
the votary of St. Finton." This, it is claimed,
has been contracted into the form IMacCIinton,
just as Malcolm is a contraction of the terms
mac-maoil-Colum. meaning the "son of the
votary of St. Columba." It was the custom
in the old days throughout Gaeldom to take
a saint's name with "Giolla" or "Maoil," both
having the same meaning of votarv or de-
votee, prefixed to it as a mark of respect.
These names subsist to the present day, in
every case considerably modernized, however,
in the way of contraction. Still another form
of Clinton is found in the patronvmic "De
Clinton." which seems to argue a different and
a Norman origin. It is difficidt to distinguish
the origin of each of these names in a par-
ticular case, but the Clintons, whose first
American ancestor came from Ireland, are de-
clared to have belonged to the same family as



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



231



the British Earls of Lincohi, a member of
the family having apparently settled in Ire-
land some generations previous to the sailing
of the first American ancestor with his family
to America.

( I ) Charles Clinton, immigrant ancestor of
the Clinton family, was born in county Long-
ford. Ireland, in 1690, and died in what is now
called Orange county, New York, November.
'9' '^77Z- He spent his youth and early man-
hood in Ireland, leaving the island when he
was verging on his fortieth year. He was a
dissenter from the church that had been estab-
lished in the country, and in opposition to the
ruling powers in Ireland, so he resolved to
emigrate to America. With a party of friends
and relatives he chartered the vessel "George
and Anne" of Dublin, and sailed May 20.
1720, for Philadelphia, where they proposed
to form a colony. Emigration in those days
was a risky proceeding, not only because of
the possible unseaworthiness of seagoing
craft, but because of the autocratic powers
possessed by the captains of vessels, whose
conduct to their passengers and crews often
left a great deal to be desired. When the
vessel bearing Charles Clinton and his family
and friends were well out at sea, the captain
formed a plan to starve the passengers in his
care for the purpose of possessing himself of
their property, and for the purpose also, it is
said, of preventing their immigration to
America. The result was that a large per-
centage of the passengers died, and among the
deceased were a son and daughter of Charles
Clinton. Those that survived were finally al-
lowed to land at Cape Cod, October 4, 1729,
having paid a large sum of money for the
preservation of their lives. A proposal to
wrest the command of the vessel from the
captain had previously failed, owing to a want
of energy among the victims. In the spring
of 1 73 1 the party settled in Ulster county,
New York, six miles west of the Hudson.
and sixty miles north of New York, where
Mr. Clinton pursued his occupation of farmer
and land surveyor. He was after^vards jus-
tice of the peace, county judge, and lieutenant-
colonel of the Ulster county militia. He was
made a lieutenant-colonel in Oliver Delaney's
regiment. March 24. 1758, and served under
Colonel Bradstreet at the siege and capture
of Fort Frontenac. He married Elizabeth
Denniston. Children: i. Alexander, born



April 17, 1732, died March, 1757; educated
at Princeton, and was a practising physician.
2. Charles, born July 20, 1734, died unmar-
ried, April 30, 1 791 ; he was also a physician
and surgeon in the army, attaining the rank
of colonel. 3. James, born in Ulster county,
New York. August 9, 1736, died in Little
Britain, Orange county, December 22, 18 12.
He was provided by his father with an ex-
cellent education, but his ruling inclination
was for military life. He was appointed an
ensign in the Second Regiment of Ulster
County Militia, and became its lieutenant-col-
onel before the beginning of the revolution.
During the war of 1756 between the English
and the French, he particularly distinguished
himself at the capture of Fort Frontenac,
where he was captain under Bradstreet, ren-
dering essential service by capturing a French
sloop-of-war on Lake Ontario. The confidence
reposed in his character may be estimated by
his appointment as captain-commandant of
four regiments levied for the protection of
the western frontiers of Ulster and Orange
counties. He was appointed colonel of the
Third New York Regiment, June 30. 1775,
and in the same year accompanied Montgom-
ery to Quebec. He was made brigadier-gen-
eral August 9. 1776, and commanded Fort
Chester when it was attacked in October,
1777, by Sir Henry Clinton. After a gallant
defence by about six hundred militia against
three thousand British troops. Fort Clinton,
as well as Fort Montgomery, of which his
celebrated brother. General George Clinton,
was commander-in-chief, was carried by
storm. General Clinton was the last man to
leave the works, receiving a severe bayonet
wound, but escaping from the enemy by rid-
ing a short distance and then sliding down a
precipice for something like a hundred feet
to the creek, whence he made his wav to the
monntain In 177Q he ioined with 1. 600 men
in the expedition of General Sullivan against
the Indians, proceeding up the IMohawk to
the head of Otsego Lake, where he succeeded
in floating his bateaux on the shallow outlet bv
damm.ing up the lake and then letting out
the water suddenly. After an engagement in
which the Indians were defeated with great
loss at Newtown (now Elmira\ all resistance
upon their part ceased, their settlements were
destroyed, and they fled to the British fort-
ress of Negara. General Clinton commanded



232



SOUTHERN x\E\V YORK



at Albany during a great part of the war, but
was present at the siege of Yorktown and
the evacuation of New York by the British.
He was a commissioner to adjust the boun-
dary line between New York and Pennsyl-
vania, and was a member of the legislature
and of the convention that adopted the con-
stitution of the United States. 4. George,
mentioned below.

(H) George, son of Charles and Elizabeth
(Denniston) Clinton, was born at Little
Britain. New York, July 26, 1739, and died
in ^\'ashington, D. C, April 20, 1812. On his
return from a privateering cruise in 1758 he
accompanied his father and brother James in
the expedition against Fort Frontenac as a
lieutenant, and, on the disbanding of the
colonial forces, he studied in the law office
of William Smith, and settled in his birth-
place, receiving shortly afterwards a clerk-
ship from the colonial governor. .'\dam George
Clinton, a connection of the family. He was
elected in 1768 to the New York assembly,
where he so resolutely maintained the cause
of the colonies against the crown that April
22, 1775. he was elected by the New York
provincial convention one of the delegates to
the second continental congress, taking his
seat May 15. He did not vote on the ques-
tion of independence, as the members of the
New York provincial congress, which he rep-
resented, did not consider themselves author-
ized to instruct their delegates to act on that
question. They jnirposely left it to the new
provincial congress, which met at White
Plains, July 8, 1776. and which on the next
day passed unanimously a resolution approv-
ing of the delegates. Clinton was likewise
prevented from signins: the Declaration of In-
dependence with the New York delegation of
July 15. by receiving, on the seventh of that
month, an imperative call from Washington to
take post in the Highlands, with the rank of
general of militia. This accident, which pre-
vented him from being a signer, he always
referred to in later days as the saddest event
of his life. In the spring of 1777 he was a
deputy to the New York provincial congress
which framed the state constitution, but was
again called into the field by congress, and
appointed March 25, 1777, a brigadier-general
in the Continental army. Assisted by his
brotlier James, he made a brilliant, though
unsuccessful, defence. October 6. 1777, of the



Highland forts, Clinton and Montgomery
against Sir Henry Clinton. He was chosen
first governor of the state April 20, 1777, and
in 1780 was re-elected to the office, which he
retained by successive elections until 1795.
I'rom the period of his occupation of the
gubernatorial chair until its final relinquish-
ment he exhibited great energy of character,
and in defence of the state rendered important
services, both in a- civil and military capacity.
In 1780 he thwarted an expedition led by Sir
John Johnston, Brant, and Cornplanter, into
the Mohawk Valley, and thus saved the set-
tlers from the horrors of the torch and scalp-
ing knife. He was active in preventing en-
croachments on the territory of New Y^ork by
settlers belonging to the New Hampshire
grants, and w\as largely instrumental with
Timothy Pickering in concluding after the
war lasting treaties of peace with the west-
ern Indians. In 1783 he accompanied Wash-
ington and Hamilton on a tour of the north-
ern and western parts of the state, on their
return visiting, with .Schuyler as a guide, the
High Rock of Saratoga. W'hile on this trip
he first conceived the project of a canal be-
tween the Mohawk and Wood creeks, which
he recommended to the legislature in his
speech opening the session of 1791. an idea
that was subsequently carried out to its legiti-
mate end in the Erie and Champlain canals by
his nephew, Governor De Witt Clinton, At
the time of Shay's Rebellion in 1787 he
marched in person at the head of the militia
against the insurgents, and by this prompt
action greatly aided the governor of Massa-
chusetts in quelling the outbreak. In 17S8 he
presided at the state convention to ratify the
federal constitution, the adoption of which he
opposed, beliving that too much power would
thereby pass to the federal congress and exec-
utive. At the first presidential election he re-
ceived three of the electoral votes ca«t for the
vice-presidency. In 1792. when Washington
was re-elected, Clinton had for the same of-
fice fifty votes, and at the sixth presidential
election, 1800-1813. he received six ballots
from New York for the ofificc of president.
In 1800 he \vas chosen to the legislature after
one of the most hotly contested elections in
the annals of the state. He participated in
the inauguration of General George Washing-
ton in the metropolis, in Wall street, and
escorted the president to his elegant "city




GEORGE CLINTON

First Governor of New York, serving 1777 95. lSOl-04; was most active as a
Generol In the Revolution, and Vice-President 1805-12. Born at Little Britain. N. Y.,
July 26, 1739; died at Washington. D. C, April 20, 1812. From the painting by Ezra
Ames.



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



^ZZ



residence at No. 3 Cherry street." His most
enduring work is seen perhaps in the two
old forts on Governor's Island. In 1801 he
was again governor. In 1804 he was elected
vice-president of the United States, which
ofifite he filled until his death. His last im-
portant public act was to negative, by his
casting vote in the senate, the renewal of the
charter of the United States Bank in 181 1.
He took great interest in education, and in
his message at the opening session of the leg-
islature of 179s he initiated the movements
for the organization of a common school sys-
tem. As a military man Clinton was bold and
courageous, and endowed with a will that
rarely failed him in sudden emergencies. As
a civil magistrate he was a staunch friend to
literature and to social order. In private life
he was affectionate, winning, though dignified
in his manner, strong in his dislikes, and
warm in his friendships. The vast influence
that he wielded was due more to sound judg-
ment, marvelous energy and great moral force
than to any specially high-sounding or bril-
liant achievement. The old state papers show
that the governor was keenly alive to the
commercial prosperity of the state. He
favored all bills which he thought would ben-
efit the people, and so far as can be seen to-
day he was progressive almost to radicalism.
At the same time he had a well-balanced mind
and a keen knowledge of human nature. He
never went to extremes and never incurred
the extremes of opposition.

He married Cornelia Tappan. of Ulster
county, and had six children, one of them a
son George, whose only son died unmarried,
so that the family name has disappeared in
that branch of the family.



The family name of Pell is of
PELL Saxon origin, meaning remote, and

when compounded with "ham,'' as
Pelham f mansion), signifies the mansion far
away, and such was the intent in selecting a
name for Pelham Manor. What the Mohegan
tribe of Indians, the Siwanovs, called this
particular tract on which the Pell family set-
tled is unknown. The arms of the Pell fam-
ily are: Ermine, on a canton azure a pelican
or, vulned gules. This coat was granted Oc-
tober IQ, 1504. The gold pelican and azure
field are also a portion of the charges be-
longing to the coat.



(II) John (2) Pell, B. A., at Cambridge,
1594, was fifth son of John (i) Pell, of Der-
singliam, Norfolk, England, of the ancient
family of Pell of Water Willoughby, Lincoln-
shire. John Pell Sr. was steward, or master
of the king's cup, and was living in 1597. His
wife was Margaret Overend, the only daugh-
ter of William Overend, Esq., and they had
six sons and three daughters. John Pell, Jr.,
above mentioned, was in holy orders, rector
of Southwyck, in Sussex county, England,
died in 1616. John Pell married Mary Hol-
land, of Kent, and they had two children :
Thomas, born in 1608, a gentleman of the
bedchamber to King Charles I., and John,
born March i, 161 1.

As it was the elder son who acquired the
grant of Pelham Manor, much popular inter-
est centers in Thomas Pell, although having
no issue the line of descent continues through
his younger brother, John, whose son in-
herited the property. It is believed that he
was born at Southwyck, in Sussex, about
1608, and the e.xact date of his arrival in
America is not known ; but it is certain that
he was one of the first to settle in New Eng-
land, for his name is associated with Roger
Ludlow, a member of Rev. John Warham's
company who first settled at Dorchester, Mas-
sachusetts, in June, 1630, and removed to
Windsor, Connecticut, 1635. Following this,
Ludlow began a plantation at Unquowa, the
Indian name by which Fairfield. Connecti-
cut, was known, and Thomas Pell was with
these ten families in 1635 at that place. His
name also appears in the colonial records of
New Haven in 1639 as executor of Richard
Jewell. It is known of him that on March
10, 1646, at a general court held in New
Haven, in recording the names of persons
seated in the meeting house, the governor and
deputv occupied the first middle seat and Mr.
Pell the first seat in the cross ones at the end.

On November 14, 1654, Thomas Pell, then
of Fairfield, Connecticut, obtained a ffrant
from the ancient Indian proprietors, embrac-
ing all that territory bounded on the ea.st by
a stream called Stoney brook or river, and so
running northward as the said brook or river
runs, eight English miles into the woods,
thence west to Broncks' river, then down the
stream of Broncks' river to a certain bend
in the said river, thence by marked trees south
until it reaches the tide waters of the Sound,



234



SOUTHERN .\EW YORK



which lyetli between Long Island and the
main land, together with all the island in the
sound, &c., &c. This grant was signed by
the Sachem Ann-hoock and five other Indians.
A. Dyckman occurs as witness. It was subse-
quently confirmed in council. He stated be-
fore a court of assize, in 1665, that he had
obtained license to make the purchase, from
the authorities of Connecticut, and that he
had paid large sums of money for the same.

In 1654, it was resolved, at a meeting of
the director-general and council of New
Nethcrland "that whereas a few English are
beginning a settlement at a great distance
from our outposts on lands long before bought
and paid for, near Vreedland, to send there,
interdict, and the attorney-general, Cornelius
van Tienhoven, and forbid them to proceed no
farther, but to abandon that spot. Done at
Fort Amstel on the 3th of November, 1654, in
New Netherlands," on lands "purchased from
the Indians by the ?Ion. Thomas Pell of Fair-
field, Connecticut." Despite this move and
several other protestations from the Dutch of-
ficials, Thomas Pell continued to settle his
tract up to the time of the surrender of the
Dutch in 1664. It is related as a curious fact
that the two leading sachems of Pelham,
Ann-hoock nVampage) and Himham or Nim-
ham. lived to a great age. In 1675 the Indians
must have been residing on the neck of land
in consiflcrable numbers, for at a general court
of assize held in that year it was resolved :
"that the Indyans at Mr. Pell's or Anne
Hook's neck be ordered to remove to their
usual winter quarters, within Hellgate. upon
this island : and further that all canoes be-
longing to Christians or Indyans on the north
side of Long Island to the east of Hellgate
shall be within three days from the publica-
tion of this order, brought to the next townes
and delivered to the constables to be secured
near the block-house. Any canoes found upon
the sound after that time to be destroyed."
It is conjectured that this order was put forth
in order to prevent the Indians of Long Island
joining in the warfare made by King Philip
against the New England colonists.

One of the favorite burying grounds of the
river tribe of Indians was located near the
entrance of Pelham neck, whither they brought
their dead from as far as Horscneck. Con-
necticut, and a great many mounds of this
nature were even recently to be seen on prop-



erty of George Rapelje bordering the water.
Two of the largest of the mounds were long
pointed out as those of the Siwanoys sachems,
Ann-hoock and Nimham, and when the for-
mer was opened it was found to contain a
skelton of great size, by the side of which
lay the tenant's stone axe and flint spear-
head.

A charter for Pelham Manor was granted
by Governor Richard Nicolls on October 6,
1666, to Thomas Pell, reading in part as fol-
lows:

"Richard NicoUs Esq., Governor. Under his Royall
Highness the Duke of York, of all his territories in
America. To all to whom these presents shall come,
sendcth greeting. Whereas there is a certain tr.-ict
of land within this government upon the main, sit-
uate, lying and being to the eastward of Westchester
bounds, bounded to the westward with the river
called by the Indians, Aqueouncke, commonly known
by the English by the name of Hutchinson's river,
which runneth into the bay lying between Throck-
morton's neck and Ann Hooks neck, commonly
called Hutchinson's bay, bounded on the east by a
brook called Cedar Tree brook or Gravelly brook,
on the south by the sound, which lyeth between
Long Island and the main land, with all the islands
in the sound, not already granted or otherwise dis-
posed of. lying before that tract of land so bounded
as is before expressed, and northwards, to run into
the woods about eight English miles in breadth as
the bounds to the sound, which said tract of land
hath heretofore been purchased of the Indian pro-
prietors, and due satisfaction given for the same.
Now know ye, that by virtue of the commission
and authority unto me given, by his Royal Highness.
James. EHike of York, &c., upon whom by lawful
grant and pattent from his majesty, th? prouiieto'-y
and government of that part of the main land, as
well as of Long Island, as all the islands adjacent,
among other things is settled, I have thouglit proier
to give, grant, confirm and ratifv unto Thomas Pell
of Onckway, alias Fairfield, his majesty's colonv
of Connecticut, gentleman, his heirs and assigns, all
the said tract of land bounded as aforesaid, together
with all the lands, islands, sea-bays, woods, meadows,
pastures, marshes, lakes, waters, creeks, fishing,
hawking, hunting and fowling and all other profits,
commodities emoluments and hereditaments, * * * in
fee and common socage and bv fealty only, yielding,
rendering and paying, yearly and every year, unto his
royal highness, the duty forever, and his heirs, or to
such governor as shall from time to time be by him
constituted and appointed, as an acknowledgment,
one lamb upon the first day of May, if the same
shall be demanded. Given under my hand and -eal
at Fort Tames, in New York, on the island of Man-
hattan, the sixth day of October, in the i8th year of
the reign of our sovereign. T^ord Charles the second.
by the grace nf God. of England. Scotland. France
and Ireland. Defender of the Faith, &c., &c.. S— .
and in the year of our Lord God 1666."

Sir Thomas Dongan, lieutenant-governor of



I



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



235



the Province of New York, on October 20,
1687, confirmed by letters patent, under the
great seal, the whole manor, employing much
the same description of the territory of the
tract of Pelliam Manor as in the original char-
ter; but saying: "I would, in the behalfe of
his sacred Majesty, his heirs and suckcessors,
give and grant unto him, the said John Pell
[he having then inherited the Manor from
his uncle, Thomas Pell], a more full and firme
grant and confirmation of the above lands and
premises."

The manor was famous for its location
near to the great seaport ; its fishing in the
vicinity was unsurpassed the entire length of



Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 44 of 95)