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Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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with the botanist, Elias Fries, and in 1842
explored the White Mountains with the
celebrated Asa Gray, making the discovery
of the ravine which bears his name. In
1854 he became connected with Amherst as
lecturer on history; in 1858 he became pro-
fessor of botany, which chair he held until
his death. His botanical papers number
about fifty and describe the lichens not only
of New England, but of other parts of North
America. Specimens collected by the Unit-
ed States exploring expedition, the Pacific
railroad surveys, and by the United States
geological surveys were referred to him for
examination and classification. Thomas
Nuttall dedicated to him the genus Tucker-
mania, one of the finest of California Com-
po.sitae, and several species have been named
in his honor. He was a member of many
scientific .societies, and received the degree
of LL.D. from Amherst. Memoirs of him
were written by William G. Farlow and Asa
Gray. ii. Samuel Parkman, born in Boston,
Massachusetts, February 11, 1819, died at
Newport, Rhode Island, June 30. 1890. He
was a composer of church music, and the
only American composer whose composi-
tions are used in the English cathedrals.
In 1849 he went to England and for several
years studied and performed in the cathe-
drals of Canterbury, York, Durham and
Salisbury. In 1851 he received from the
archbishops of Canterbury the Lambeth de-
gree of Doctor of Music, being the first
American to receive it. In the next vear he
was elected a fellow of the Pontifical Con-
gregation and the Academy of Saint Cecilia
at Rome. He published "Cathedral Chants"
and the "Trinity Collection" of church mu-
sic. A list of his compositions is to be found
in Novello's catalogues, iii. Frederick God-
dard, born in Boston, Massachusetts, Febru-
ary 4, 1821. He published a volume of
"Poems" in i860: was a friend of Tennv.son,
and when a guest of the latter at the Isle of
Wight was eiven the original manuscrint of
"Locksley Hall." He left a son. Dr. Fred-
erick Tuckerman. anatomist, of Amherst,
Massachusetts.

3. Joseph, see forward.

4. Henry Harris, b(irn in 1783, died at



Newport, Rhode Island, in 1S60. He was a
merchant of Boston. He married Ruth
Keating, who died in 1823. Sons: i. Henry
Theodore, born in Boston, Massachusetts,
April 20, 1813, died in New York City, De-
cember 17, 1871. He was a prolific and
popular author in the fields of travel, biog-
raphy and criticism. Harvard bestowed on
him the honorary degree of Master of Arts
in 1850, and in recognition of his labors on
behalf of Italian exiles in the United States
he was decorated by King Victor Emman-
uel. He was corresponding member of the
Massachusetts Historical Society, and ac-
tively interested in the New York Society.
His portrait was painted by Daniel Hunt-
ington, and he appears in the engraving
called "Washington Irving and His Literary
Friends at Sunnyside," which gathers to-
gether so many honored figures in our liter-
ary history. Although much younger than
Irving, he was for many years an intimate
friend. He never married, and the place of
domestic life was taken by friendships and
social connections in New York and New-
port of an unusually wide and interesting
character. His early visits to Italy resulted
in "The Italian Sketch Book," 1835, and
"Sicily, a Pilgrimage," 1839; later followed
"Rambles and Reveries," 1841 ; "Thoughts
on the Poets," 1846: "Artist Life, or Sketches
of American Painters," 1847: "Characteris-
tics of Literature," 1851 ; "Poems." 1851;
"A Month in England," 1853: "Memorial of
Grecnough," 1853: "Leaves from the Diary
of a Dreamer," 1853; "Essays Biographical
and Critical," 1857; "Essay on Washington,
and the Portraits of Washington," 1859;
"America and Her Commentators," 1864;
"A Sheaf of Verse," 1864; "The Criterion,"
1866: "Magna Papers about Paris," 1867:
"Life of John P. Kennedy," 1871. The work
upon which his reputation now chiefly rests
is "The Book of Artists," published in 1867.
This is a permanent contribution to our lit-
erature, containing very much information
concerning the history of American art
which must have been lost without the re-
search and study given by him, and he was
especially qualified for the task. Always
sympathetic with the work and life of art-
ists, a constant and welcome visitor at their
studios, ready to lend a hand in any diffi-
culty, he had many intimates among them



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



and gathered a mass of information not to
l)e acquired in any other way. His book
remains the best authority, a source of in-
formation constantly consulted, and a com-
mentary of great interest and literary charm,
ii. Charles Keating, born in Boston, March
II, 1821, died in Florence, Italy, February
26, 1896. He served as United States min-
ister to Greece from 1868 to 1872, and re-
ceived from King George the decoration of
the Order of the Saviour. In 1867 he edited
Rangabe's "Greece, Her Progress and Pres-
ent Position," and he was the author of
"The Greeks of To-day," 1873; "Poems,"
1885; and "Personal Recollections of Not-
able People," 1895. He married Mary
Fleming, daughter of William Gracie, of
New York, by whom two sons : Fleming,
born December 17, 1858, a member of the
New York bar, who married Edith A. Coz-
zens, and has a son, Arthur, and Arthur
Lvman. born September 14, i86t, author of
"A Short History of Architecture," and "A
Study of Vignola."

5. Gustavus, see forward.
(V) Rev. Dr. Joseph Tuckerman, son of
Edward (2) and Elizabeth (Harris) Tucker-
man, was born in the homestead on Orange
street in Boston, Massachusetts, January 28,
1778, died April 20. 1840. He became dis-
tinguished as a philanthropist, whose works
and reputation survive to the present time.
He received his early education at the Bos-
ton Latin School, and at Phillip's Academy,
Andover, Massachusetts. He entered Har-
vard College in 1794, at the age of seven-
teen. Among his classmates were Josiah
Salisbury, Stephen Longfellow, the father
of the poet, Joseph Story, afterwards justice
of -the supreme court, who was his room-
mate, and William Ellery Channing, his life-
long friend. His father having severed his
connection with Trinity Church at the out-
break of the revolution, because the clergy
persisted in reading the prayers for King
George, Joseph was brought up in the Con-
gregational church, and was ordained a min-
ister of that denomination in 180T. but in
later life, in company with William E.
Channing, he took part in the Unitarian
movement. He received the honorary de-
gree of S. T. D. from Harvard College in.
1826. The Tuckerman School in Boston
was named for him. The philanthropic



work which gave Dr. Tuckerman a reputa-
tion both in America and also in Europe
was accomplished while acting as minister-
at-Iarge in Boston. In the early years of
the nineteenth century the problem of deal-
ing with poverty and its attendant evils was
new, but constantly becoming more press-
ing. Dr. Tuckerman recognized two as-
pects of the subject, the religious and the
civic. In the former he labored with un-
usual aptitude and enthusiasm, but by no
means alone. It is to the latter that he
made contributions so original and lasting
that his usefulness and his reputation have
endured beyond his own day. He pointed
out the distinction between pauperism and
poverty, and introduced the principles of
modern organized charity. In the modern
philanthropic movement he was a pioneer,
and he based his labors upon principles
which he was among the earliest to recog-
nize, and of which the wisdom has been
accepted by succeeding generations. Con-
cerning this work it was said by Justice
Story: "It entitles him to a prominent
rank among the benefactors of mankind,"
and Dr. William E. Channing voiced the
opinion : "He is to be ranked among the
benefactors of this city and the world."
Such words of praise from Dr. Tuckerman's
contemporaries are borne out by statements
of men in the succeeding generation. "Jos-
eph Tuckerman," said Dr. Edward Everett
Hale, in 1874,

"has been revered in Boston for a generation past
as one of its benefactors. To the system inaugurat-
ed by him it may fairly be said that Boston owes it
that in every revulsion of business, or in any great
calamity, her ordinary institutions of charitable re-
lief have proved sufficient for whatever exigency.
To those systems the city of Boston owes it that
there does not exist in her borders any focus of
misery and crime — the dread of the authorities of
government and the shame of the ministers of re-
ligion. Poverty, crime and pauperism there are in
Boston ; but for the most part they may be regarded
not as chronic nor as endemic ; but as, to a large ex-
tent, importations from without, or abnormal and
e.xceptional. This happy condition may be fairly
said to be in a large measure the result of the views
which Dr. Tuckerman inculcated, and of the plans
which he suggested."

Seventy-five years after the beginning of
Dr. Tuckerman's work in Boston, the anni-
versary was commemorated by a gathering
of clergymen and philanthropists. On this



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



occasion it was said by Rev. Samuel A.
Eliot :

"Joseph Tuckerman was a seed-sower. There was
nothing imitative in his enterprise. It was not the
repetition of something that had been done a hun-
dred times before. It was fruitfully original, it
had in it the prophetic element. * * * His work
constitutes an epoch in the history of human help-
fulness Therefore it enlisted and still enlists the
enthusiastic and patient devotion of consecrated men
and women. Therefore it became the promoter ot
numberless similar enterprises in other fields.

On the same occasion it was said by Rev.
Francis G. Peabody:

"Xow. when did this renaissance of philanthropy,
this age of the social question, begin? It is, of
course quite impossible to fix a single moment as the
positive starting point of this new wave of modern
interest; but if we were to select any points from
which to date, one of them would undoubtedly be the
dav which we are here celebrating. In a most re-
markable degree Dr. Tuckerman anticipated the
spirit of the new philanthropy, and in the founding
of this ministrv-at-large fixed one starting point of
the modern movement. He anticipated in the most
extraordinary degree all the principles of modern,
scientific charity. He discussed all the problems
which are now confronting the modern world, and
offered wise and prophetic answers to them.

In France Dr. Tuckerman's principles
were adopted by Baron Degerando and his
followers, and in England they resulted in
the Tuckerman Institute of Liverpool and
other institutions which still survive. An
account of Dr. Tuckerman's work was writ-
ten by Dr. William E. Channing. Dr. Tuck-
erman lived at No. 5 Mt. Vernon place,
Boston, Massachusetts, almost directly be-
hind No. 33 Beacon street, the home of his
brother, Edward. There are several por-
traits of him, of which the principal ones
are that 1)y Gilbert Stuart in possession of
the family, that by Alexander in Memorial
Hall, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and that
by Butler in the Unitarian Building, Boston.
Rev. Dr. Joseph Tuckerman married (first)
in 1803, Abigail, daughter of Saiuuel Parkman,
the sister of Mrs. Edward Tuckerman and a
half-sister of Rev. Francis Parkman, the fa-
ther of the celebrated historian, and of Mrs.
Robert Gould Shaw. He married (second)
November 3. 1808, Sarah, daughter of Sam-
uel Gary, of the Retreat, Chelsea. The
Carys were descended from a younger
branch of the Devonsliire family, of which
Lord Hunsdon was the head. William Cary
was mayor of Bristol, England, in 1546, and
his grandson, William, was mayor of the



same city in 161 1. The son of William,
named James, emigrated to Massachusetts
in 1639. Dr. Tuckerinan's brother-in-law,
Thomas G. Cary, married a daughter of
Colonel Thomas H. Perkins, and he was
the father of Mrs. Louis Agassiz, so well
known as the wife of the great scientist and
later as founder and president of Radclift'e
College. By the second marriage Dr. Jos-
eph Tuckerman had a son, Joseph, born
June 29, 181 1, died July 19, 1898; a second
son, Samuel Cary, born in 1815, died in
1870, who left a son, J. Willard ; a third son,
Lucius, see forward.

(V'l) Lucius, son of Rev. Dr. Joseph and
Sarah (Cary) Tuckerman, was born in Bos-
ton, Massachusetts, March 19, 1818, died at
Stockbridge, Massachusetts, June 10, 1890.
He was a pioneer in the manufacture of
iron in the United States, and together with
his brother Joseph originated the metal
called Ulster iron, which on account of its
tensile strength filled requirements since
supplied by steel. He lived chiefly in New-
York City, at No. 22 Washington place, and
No. 220 Madison avenue. Later in life he
built the large house on the corner of Si.x-
teenth and I streets, Washington, in what
was then the Corcoran gardens, where he
had a fine collection of pictures, and with
his wife and daughters, Mrs. James Lown-
des and Miss Emily Tuckerman, exercised
a notable hospitality. His country seat was
at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where he
died. He was vice-jiresident of the Metro-
politan Museum of Art, a life member of
the National Acadeiny of Design, and for
many years a trustee of the Children's Aid
Society. His portrait was painted by Mos-
cheles and by George B. Butler.

Lucius Tuckerman married, in New York
City, April 2, 1844, Elizabeth Wolcott, born
at .Sunswick, Astoria, New York, July 8,
1819, died at Stockbridge, Massachusetts,
.\ugust 25, TO06, daughter of Colonel George
Gibbs, of Newport, Rhode Island. The
mother of Mrs. Lucius Tuckerman was
Laura, daughter of Oliver W^olcott, secre-
tary of the treasury under Washington and
Adams, and granddaughter of Oliver Wol-
cott, signer of the Declaration of Independ-
ence. She was born at Litchfield, Connec-
ticut, April ID. 1794, died at New York, De-
ccml)er 10, 1870. Colonel George Gibbs' fa-



SOUTH F.RN NEW YORK



23



ther was the head of the firm of Gibbs &
Channing, which at one time had seventy-
five vessels sailing from the port of New-
port for all parts of the world. Colonel
Gibbs inherited wealth and occupied him-
self with scientific pursuits, chiefly mineral-
ogy. For him Gilbert Stuart painted the
"Gibbs portrait" of Washington, and also
the set of the first five presidents. Children
of Mr. and Mrs. Tuckerman : i. Alfred,
born in New York City, January 15, 1848;
graduated Harvard, 1870, Ph. D., Leipzig,
1874 : bibliographer ; pulilished in collections
of the Smithsonian Institution "Index to the
Literature of the Spectroscope ;" "Index to
the Literature of Thermo-dynamics;" "Bib-
liography of the Chemical Influence of
Light." He married, at New York, Decem-
ber 10, 1879, Clara L. Fargis, of New York
City ; no issue. 2. Walter Cary, born in
New York City, March 29, 1849, died there
April 18, 1894; married, at Boston, Massa-
chusetts, June I, 1875, Florence Hardinge
Fenno, of Boston, and left three sons, Lu-
cius Cary, Walter Rupert and Wolcott. 3.
Laura Wolcott, born in New York, August
2, 1850; married, at Washington, D. C.
April 9, 1891, Colonel James Lowndes, of
South Carolina. 4. Emily, born at New
York, November 6, 1853 ; residing in Stock-
bridge, Massachusetts, and Washington, D.
C. ; unmarried. 5. Bayard, see forward. 6.
Paul, see forward. 7. Lucy, born in New
York, February 2, 1858, died at New
York, May 12, 1904; married, November 16,
1882. Arthur George Sedgwick, of New
York City, son of Theodore Sedgwick, and
left two daughters, Grace Ashburner, and
Susan Ridley, married Dr. Arthur W.
Swann.

(VII) Bayard, son of Lucius and Eliza-
beth Wolcott (Gibbs) Tuckerman, was born
in New York, July 2, 1855. He graduated
at Harvard University in the class of 1878.
He is the author of: "History of English
Prose Fiction," 1882; "Life of General La-
fayette." 1889; "Peter Stuyvesant," 1893;
"William Jay, and the Abolition of Slav-
ery," 1893; "Life of Philip Schuyler, Major
General in the American Revolution," 1903;
and edited the "Diary of Philip Hone," 1889.
From 1898 to 1907 he was lecturer on Ene:-
lish literature at Princeton University. He
is a trustee of the New York Society Li-



brary and of the Institution for the Instruc-
tion of the Deaf and Dumb, and president
of the Society for Instruction in First Aid
to the Injured. He is a member of the Cen-
tury Club, the Sons of the Revolution and
the Society of Colonial Wars. His summer
home is at Ipswich, Massachusetts. Bayard
Tuckerman married, at Ipswich, Massachu-
setts, September 26, 1882, Annie Osgood
Smith, born at New York, February 20,
1862. daughter of Rev. Dr. John Cotton
Smith, a distinguished clergyman of New
York, descended from Rev. Henry Smith,
who emigrated in 1636 and was the first
clergyman of Wethersfield, Connecticut,
and from Cotton Mather Smith, the "Parson
Smith" of the New England troops in the
revolution, whose mother was a grand-
daughter of Rev. Richard Mather, and
whose son, John Cotton, was governor of
Connecticut, 1813-18. Children: i. Eliza-
beth Wolcott, born at Ipswich, Massachu-
setts, July 24, 1883; married, at Ipswich,
Massachusetts, June 10, 1905, William Mc-
Intire Elkins, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
who was born at Philadelphia, Pennsyl-
vania, September 3, 1882, son of George
W. and Stella E. (Mclntire) Elkins. 2. May
Appleton, born in New York City, Novem-
ber 24, 1886 : married, at New York City,
April 18, 1907, Gustav Hermann Kinnicutt,
of New York City, who was born at New
York, January 23, 1877, son of Francis Par-
ker Kinnicutt, M.D., and Eleanor (Kissel)
Kinnicutt. 3. Bayard, born at Morristown,
New Jersey, April 19, 1889. 4. Joan Cotton,
born in New York City, April 21. 1891 : mar-
ried, at Ipswich, Massachusetts, July 22,
191 1, Evans Rogers Dick, born at Philadel-
phia, December 17. 1888. son of Evans Rog-
ers and Elizabeth (Tatham) Dick.

(VII) Paul, son of Lucius and Elizabeth
Wolcott (Gibbs) Tuckerman, was born in
New York City, November 17, 1856. He
graduated from Harvard University, 1878.
He is a fellow in perpetuity of the Metro-
politan Museum of Art, a member of the
board of governors of the New York Hos-
pital, trustee of the New York Institute for
the Education of the Blind, governor and
secretary of the Minturn Hospital for Scar-
let Fever and Diphtheria Patients, member
of the council of the American Geographical
Society, trustee of the New York Society



24



SOUTH KRX NEW YORK



Lil)rary trustee of the Mutual Life Insur-
ance Company and of the New York Life
Insurance and Trust Company. He 's a
member of many clubs, including the Knick-
erbocker, Union, Tuxedo and Down Town.
He lives at Tuxedo Park, New York. Paul
Tuckerman married, at New York, March
7 1886 Susan Minturn, who was born at
New York, March 3, 1865, daughter of John
W and Louisa (Aspinwall) Minturn. Chil-
dren : I. Dorothy, born at New York, No-
vember 22, 1888; married, at Tuxedo Park,
New York', September 14, 1912, Dr. George
Draper, of New York City, who was born
at New York, May 21, 1880, son of Dr.
William H. Draper and Ruth (Dana) Dra-
per. 2. Roger, born at New York, June 10,
189S.

(V) Gustavus, son of Edward (2) and
Elizabeth (Harris) Tuckerman, was born in
Boston, Massachusetts, April 26, 1785. died
in Boston. January 15, i860. He was a mer-
chant and 'made frequent trips to Europe,
on one of which he married, in Edgbaston
Old Church, England. Jane, daughter of
John and Catherine (Bedford) Francis, of
Edgbaston. They lived for many years in
a large house. No. 15 Franklin place in Bos-
ton, surrounded by a numerous family of
children, of which the following deserve
mention: i. John Francis, see forward. 2.
Gustavus, see forward. 3. Samuel, born
January 30. 1828. died February 24, 1008;
married Elizabeth, daughter of Judge Wil-
liam Fitz-Gerald Watson, of Richmond.
Virginia. He lived in Boston and devoted
much of his life to church music, singing in
and leading his church choir without pecu-
niary compensation for over fifty years.
Several children survive him. 4. Stephen
Salisbury, born December 8, T830, died
March 4, 1004; married Laura Willis Bum-
sted, September 4, 1855. A marine painter
of some distinction. His best known pic-
ture, now in the Corcoran Gallery in Wash-
ington, represents the frigate "Constitution"
escaping from the British fleet. Most of
his work was done in Holland and England.
He left six children, the eldest of whom,
Gustavus Tuckerman, was graduated at
Harvard Collcee in 1882.

(VI) John Francis, son of Gustavus and
Tanc (Francis) Tuckerman. was born in
Boston. Massachusetts, June 13. 1817, died



in Salem, Massachusetts, June 27, 1885. He
was graduated from Harvard College in
1837 and subsequently received the degrees
of Master of Arts and Doctor of Medicine
from Harvard. He served for several years
as a surgeon in the United States navy. He
married, June 30, 1847, Lucy, daughter of
Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, of Salem, Massa-
chusetts. He was an accomplished musician
and composed a number of hymns. A small
volume of his church music has been pub-
lished. Children: i. Leverett Saltonstall,
l)orn April 19, 1848, graduated from Har-
vard College, 1868, received degrees of Mas-
ter of Arts and Bachelor of Laws from Har-
vard ; is a member of the Massachusetts bar.
lie married, September 10, 1896, Grace
Richardson, of Boston; no children. 2.
Charles Sanders, born January 31, 1852, died
August 27, 1904; graduated from Harvard
College, 1874; he was vice-president and
treasurer of the Old Colony Trust Company
of Boston. He married, April 15, 1880,
Ruth, daughter of Daniel F. Appleton, of
New York, and left four children : Muriel,
wife of Charles Gait Fitzgerald, of Balti-
more, Maryland; John Appleton, graduated
frnin Harvard. 1905, and married Katherine
S. Atterlniry, of New York City ; Julia Ap-
i:ilcton, married Louis Le Bourgeois Chap-
in: Leverett Saltonstall. 3. Mary Salton-
stall. married William P. Parker, of Salem,
Massachusetts, has two sons: Francis Tuck-
erman Parker, who graduated from Har-
vard in 191 1, and William Bradstreet
Parker.

(VI) Gustavus (2), son of Gustavus (i)
and Jane (Francis) Tuckerman. was born in
his grandfather's house in Edgbaston, Eng-
land, May 15, 1824, died in his house. No. 50
West Forty-fifth street. New York, Febru-
arv ir, 1897. He was educated at the
schools of Mr. A. Bronson Alcott and Mr.
George Ripley and at the Boston Latin
School where he was prepared for Harvard
College, but through a change of plan went
into the office of Messrs. Curtis & Green-
ough, merchants, of Boston, later becoming
a junior partner in that firm. He made two
voyages to Sicilv and to India in the interest
of the firm, and traveled extensively on the
Continent and in England. He later formed
a firm with Mr. Thomas Townsend, of Bos-
ton, under the name of Tuckerman, Town-



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



25



send & Company, in the Calcutta trade, and
the house flag of that firm, which was flown
from their vessels, is to be found among the
"Merchant Flags of Boston." In this con-
nection he made further trips to Singapore
and Calcutta, and brought home many in-
teresting objects of art, which are still pre-
served in the family. His portrait in minia-
ture was painted in Palermo in 1847 by
Sacro Frar. He moved to New York in
i860, and was a member of the Century
Club for over thirty years.

Gustavus Tuckerman married, in Boston,
June 18, 1851, Emily G., daughter of Thom-
as and Hannah Dawes (Eliot) Lamb, of
Boston. Thomas Lamb was a shipowner
and merchant, and later was for thirty-eight
years president of the New England Na-
•tional Bank and for forty years president of
the Suffolk Savings Bank for Seamen, and
others. He was also for fifty-four years
treasurer of the Boston Marine Society and
president of the Long Wharf Corporation
for thirtv-four years. He was a son of Lieu-
tenant Thomas Lamb, who as a young man
served as first lieutenant in Colonel Henry
Jackson's regiment of the Continental Line.
He w'as chosen by Washington to carry a
message from Valley Forge to Boston for
supplies for the army, and the silver spurs
which General Washington removed from
his own heels to speed his 3'oung aide on his
long horseback journey are still treasured in
the famil3^ A portrait of Thomas Lamb
Jr., by Sully, painted when he was a young
man, hangs in the house of his son, Horatio
Appleton Lamb, of Boston, and another,
painted by his daughter. Miss Rose Lamb,
when he was old. at the request of the Ma-



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