Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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spelled, was a well educated and scholarly
man. He was for some years pastor of the
Reformed church at Berkilum, in the province
of Friesland, Holland. He later removed to
Guelderland, where he died in 1637. The
heraldic description of the family seal is as
follows: Arms, per fesse or and gules; in
chief, a hound following a hare ; in base, a
stag, courant : all ])roper and Courturne.
Crest: r)ut of a j)rince"s coronet, or a demi-
stag salient and conturne proper. Motto :
Jovoe Proestat federi quam homini.

(I) Petrus. son of Rev. Balthazar Stuyve-
sant, was born in Holland, in 1592. The exact
place of his birth is not definitely known. He
received a liberal education and at an early
date entered the army. He was appointed by
the West India Company governor of the
island of Curacao, in the Caribbean sea. His
administration of the affairs of the compa'iv
in the island gained him great distinction. lie
also aclrieved military honors through his
heroic work in an expedition against the islcmn
of .St. Martin, a Portuguese possession, in
1644. In the attack on the island he was
severely wounded in his right leg. In order
to receive proper medical treatment, he wa«
forced to return to Holland, where it was
found necessary to amputate the limb. ,i.pd for
the remainder of ids life he was forced to
wear a wooden leg. The loss of his leg did
not lessen his desire for military exploits, and
on July 28. 1646. he was cnnimission'^H
director-eeneral. or governor of New Nether-
lands. He arrived in New Amsterdam. ?^I^.y
27. 1647. where he received a public ov?tion.
He at once took up the administration of the
affairs of the province with ereat visror. His
Jurisdiction extended over the territory em-
braced bv the present state of New York, and
the coimtry south to the month of the Dela-
ware river. He had charge of the administra-
tion of the affairs in the islands of Asuba.



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



293



Bonaire and Curacao on the Spanish Main.
He gave the colony of New Amsterdam pro-
tection from attacks of hostile Indians and
the aggression of European countries. He had
a strong paHsade built across the island north
of the town, following practically the present
location of Wall and Rector streets. He sent
out expeditions against the Swedes, who were
settling on the Delaware river, and the Indians
at Esopus. His administration of the affairs
of New Amsterdam was distinguished for
firmness and ability, and while it would be
considered to-day as despotic, yet in all his
personal relations he was honest, considerate
and never cruel. All his actions were gov-
erned by a high-minded sense of the dignity
of his office. When the inhabitants com-
plained of the high rate of taxes and insisted
in having a voice in the management of the
colony, he at first refused their demands, but
finally permitted a council of nine men to be
elected by burghers to consult with him in the
management. He had rigid ideas as to the
freedom of public worship and would not
permit the clergy to depart from the orthodox
ideas of the Dutch church. In one instance
he fined a preacher five hundred dollars for
expounding doctrines differing from the reg-
ularly accepted theology of the Dutch Re-
formed church. Fie made many improvements
in the city. He recognized the possibilities of
New Amsterdam as a center of trade for the
growing colonies of America and prophesied
the time would come when its "ships would
ride on every sea." England too recognized
the importance of the colony, and in 1664,
when the English fleet appeared in the harbor
and demanded the surrender of the city. Gov-
ernor Stuyvesant flew in a rage and declared
"as long as he had a leg to stand on or an
arm to fight with," he would never surrender.
He did everything in his power to withstand
a seige, but his efforts were without avail as
his force of two hundred militia and sixty
resrulars could not successfully oppose a force
of four men-of-war, mounting ninetv-two guns
and manned by a force of four hundred and
fifty men. On Sentember 8, 1664, he sur-
rendered the city. In 1665 he was recalled to
Holland by the government to give a report
on his administration. In 166*^ he returned
to New York, where he made his home until
his death in early 1672.

He owned valuable real estate in the city.



His residence was known as "White-hall," the
present \\'hitehall street being named after it.
Governor Stuyvesant's house, the Bouwerie,
with grounds of some eighty acres, was situ-
ated in that part of the present city of New
York, comprised between Third avenue, the
East river. Sixth and 23rd streets. The house
on this place cost 6.500 guilders, a large sum
for those days. It was east of Third avenue,
on lots now covered by the Trow Directory
Building, at 12th street, and remained stand-
ing until 1777, when it was destroyed by fire.
Many New Yorkers of the present time can
recall the historic pear tree enclosed within an
iron railing, which stood on Third avenue and
13th street, and which was planted there on
Governor Stuyvesant's return from Europe.
This tree survived until 1867. After the
burning of the Stuyvesant residence, it was
rebuilt on the same site by the grandfather of
Mr. A. Van H. Stuyvesant. The remains of
Governor Stuyvesant lie in the vault originally
constructed by himself, beneath the chapel on
his estate in the latter part of the eighteenth
century. This chapel having fallen into decay,
Petrus Stuyvesant ( IV) . a great-grandson of
the Governor, induced the vestry of Trinity
Church to erect a new edifice on the same
site : it was known as St. Mark's Church in
the Bowery, and was dedicated April 25, 170.=;.
This was on the site of the present St. Mark's
Church, at Second avenue. Tenth and Elev-
enth streets. He was an active and devout
member of the Dutch church.

Governor .Stuyvesant was married in Am-
sterdam, Holland, to Judith Bayard, descend-
ent of a Hueuenot family of France. She
died in New York in 1687. She was a devout
member of the Dutch church, and was a
woman of great talent. She spoke several lan-
guas'es fluently and was a fine musician. Two
children were born to them: i. Balthazar,
born in 1647. died on the island of Nevis in
1675 ; he was married at .Saint Eustace in the
West Indies ; two children : Judith and Kath-
erine. 2. Nicholas W^illiam, mentioned below.

(II) Nicholas William, son of Governor
Petrus and Judith (Bavard) Stuvvesant, was
born in New York, in 1648, died there in i6q8.
He received a liberal education, and inheriting
a large property he was able to devote his
time and energies to church affairs and phi-
lanthropy. He took a prominent part in the
social life of the citv. His residence was the



294



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



center of the culture and refinement of the
colony. He married (first) Maria Beekman,
only daughter of William Beekman, vice-gov-
ernor of Delaware. One child, Judith, who
died unmarried in 1694. He married (sec-
ond) Elizabeth Van Slichtenhorst, daughter of
Brant Van Slichtenhorst. Three children
were born of this marriage: i. Petrus, born
in 1684, was drowned in 1706. 2. Anna, mar-
ried Rev. Thomas Pritchard, a clergyman of
the Protestant Episcopal church ; he died in
1706 and his wife in 1759; no children. 3.
Gerardus, mentioned below.

(HI) Gerardus, son of Nicholas William
and Elizabeth (Van Slichtenhorst) Stuyve-
sant, was born in New York City, in 1690,
died there in 1777. He was educated in the
schools of his native city. He was prominent
in the civil affairs of New York, serving for
over thirty years as a magistrate. He was a
man of culture and much interested in literary
matters. He married, March 5, 1722, Judith
Bayard, youngest daughter of Balthazar and
Maria (Loockermans) Bayard. Four chil-
dren were born to them: i. Nicholas Wil-
liam, died unmarried in 1780. 2. Petrus, died
young. 3. Petrus, mentioned below. 4. Ger-
ardus, died in infancy. Mrs. Judith Stuyve-
sant was a descendant of Samuel Bayard, the
progenitor of the family in America, the line
being: Samuel Bayard, married in Holland,
Anna Stuyvesant, sister of Governor Petrus
Stuyvesant. He died in Holland, and his
widow came to New Amsterdam in 1647 with
her three sons, Balthazar, Peter and Nicholas.
Balthazar, son of Samuel Bayard, married
Marritje (Mary) Loockermans, daughter of
Govert Loockermans. Four children : Anna
Maria, Arrietta, Jacobus and Judith Bayard,
mentioned above.

(IV) Petrus (2), son of Gerardus and
Judith (Bayard) Stuyvesant, was born in
New York City in October, 1727, died there
August 31. 1805. He was educated in the
schools of New York, and possessing a large
property did not engage in active business, but
devoted himself to philanthropy. He was
prominent in the social circles of his city. He
married, in 1764, Margaret Livingston, born
in June, 1738, daughter of Gilbert and Cor-
nelia (Beekman) Livingston. Several chil-
dren were born of this marriage, of whom six-
reached maturity: i. Judith, born December
25, 1765, died March 7, 1844: .she married,



January 19, 1785, Benjamin Winthrop, great-
grandson of Hon. John Winthrop, of Massa-
chusetts. 2. Cornelia, married Dirck Ten
Broeck, of Albany; she died in 1825. 3. Nich-
olas \Villiam, mentioned below. 4. Margaret,
died unmarried in 1824. 5. Elizabeth, married
Colonel Nicholas Fish, a son of Hon. Hamil-
ton Fish. 6. Peter G., born in New York, in
1778, died at Niagara Falls, August 16, 1847;
he graduated from Columbia University in
1794; studied law, and practiced his profes-
sion in New York for many years ; he was the
principal founder of the New York Historical
Society, and served as its president from 1836
to 1881 ; he made several public benefactions;
he married (first) Susan Barclay, and (sec-
ond) Helen Sarah Rutherford; one child by
first marriage died in infancy ; by the provision
of his will, Rutherford, great-grandson of his
sister. Judith, adopted the name of Stuyvesant.
Other children who died yoiing.

(V) Nicholas William (2), eldest son of
Petrus (2) and Margaret (Livingston) Stuy-
vesant, was born in New York City, died at
his residence, the "Bowery House," March i,
1833. He possessed great wealth and devoted
his time to philanthropy and church work.
He married, January 31, 1795, Catharine Liv-
ingston, daughter of John and Catharine (Liv-
ingston) Reade. Nine children were born of
this union: i. Peter, married Julia, daughter
of Edward Martin. 2. Nicholas William, mar-
ried Catherine Augusta Cheeseborough. 3.
John Reade, born in 1792, died in 1853: mar-
ried (first) Catherine Ackerley, (second)
Mary Austin Yates. 4. Gerard, mentioned
below. 5. Robert Reade, died in 1834; mar-
ried, August I, 1833, Margaret .\ugusta,
daughter of Christopher Middleberger. 6.
Joseph Reade, married Jane -Ann Browning.
7. Catharine Ann, married, June 8, 1826, John
Mortimer Catlin. 8. Helen, married (first)
May 25, 1831, Henry Dudley, (second)
Frances Olmstead, (third) November 25,
185 1. William S. Mayo. 9. Margaret Living-
ston, married, February i, 1835, Robert Van
Rensselaer.

(VI) Gerard, son of Nicholas William (2)
and Catharine Livingston (Reade) Stuyvesant,
was born in New York City, March 4, i8o5,
died there January 18, 1859. He received his
education in the schools of his native city.
At the age of fourteen years he went to sea
and for some years as a bov followed that





EajD^ojvOu






SOUTHERN NEW YORK



295



calling, and during that time visited many of
the known ports of the world, China and other
eastern ports, was at St. Helena when Napo-
leon died on that island, but did not land. He
inherited a large fortune, and was thus able
to devote himself to church benevolences and
public philanthropy. He was one of the most
respected citizens of New York. Upon his
death the sheriff's jury of New York passed
the following resolution :

"Many of us have known him from child-
hood up and being aware of his honorable
course in the discharge of every duty in life,
desire to testify to his family and the world
our profound respect for the memory of his
virtues and the simplicity of his life. In his
death our city has lost one of its worthiest
citizens and the poor have lost a friend whose
life was one of charity and love. His memory
should be cherished by all who venerate the
good and just."

He married, November 24, 1836, Susan Riv-
ington, daughter of Augustus Van Home.
Two children w-ere born to them: i. Robert
Reade, born September 16, 1838, died March
30, igo6; he married Amelia, daughter of
Frederic and Catharine Anna (Remsen)
Schuchardt. 2. Augustus Van Home, men-
tioned below.

(VH) Augustus Van Home, son of Gerard
and Susan Rivington (Van Home) Stuyve-
sant, was born in New York. He prepared
for college in the schools of his native city
and completed his education at Columbia Uni-
versity. He is prominent in the social life of
his city, being a member of the Knickerbocker,
Union, Metropolitan, Tuxedo, Country and
New York Yacht clubs, and the St. Nicholas
Society. He married. September 12, 1864,
Harriet Le Roy, daughter of John Steward.
They have three children : Catherine E. S.,
Augustus Van Home Jr., Anne W.



Marcus Levison, the first
LEVI SON member of this family of
whom we have definite infor-
mation, was born in Gross Hertzhochthum
Hessen, Germany, where he lived and died. He
was a merchant by occupation, and a Heorew
in religion. His wife's name was Sarah.
Children : Rica, married Bernard Baruch ;
Emma, married Joseph Baruch ; Aaron, re-
ferred to below ; Isaac.

(II) Aaron, son of Marcus Levison, was



born in Gross Hertzhochthum, Hessen, Ger-
many. He emigrated to America before the
civil war, enlisted in the Union army in 1863
and served until the close of the war. He is
a cigar manufacturer, a Hebrew in religion,
and a Republican in politics. He married, in
New York City, January 16, 1870, Caroline
Goldsmith, born in Gross Hertzhochthum,
Hessen, Germany. Children : Solomon ; Ben-
jamin, referred to below ; Bertha.

(Ill) Benjamin, son of Aaron and Caro-
line (Goldsmith) Levison, was born in New
Rochelle, Westchester county. New York,
July 19, 1872, and is now living in Nyack,
Rockland county. New York. He received
his education in the public schools of New
Rochelle and Nyack, and then determining to
study law, he became a clerk in the law office
of -A. A. Demarcst in Nyack, and was admit-
ted to the New York bar as attorney, Septem-
ber 14, 1893, at the general term of the su-
preme court in Brooklyn. Since then he has
been engaged in a lucrative general practice in
Nyack. He is a Democrat in politics; he was
elected justice of the peace of the town of
Orange, January i, 1904, and served until
January I, 1910; he was elected police magi-
strate of the village of Nyack, January i,
1906, to serve until December 31, 191 1, and
was elected to succeed himself, January i,
1912. He is a member of Mount Moriah
Lodge, No. 27, Free and Accepted Masons,
of New York City, of Consistory No. 32, of
New York City, of Mecca Temple, of New
York City, and of the Rockland Coun-
tv Bar Association. He is a member of the
Nyack Hebrew Congregation. He is unmar-
ried.



This ranks among the most prev-
SCOTT alent of surnames in the British
_ Isles, almost sixty coats-of-arms
being assigned to it, while the London Direc-
tory shows about two hundred traders in the
metrojiolis so denominated. In records of
early date it is usually written Le Scot, im-
plying a native of Scotland. Now as the
tendency of Scotchmen to "go south" is prov-
erbial in Britain, the commonness of the name
in England is not to be wondered at ; but why
many families that never lived out of Scot-
land' should be called Scott, is not so readily
explained. The Duke of Buccleuch, the head
of the surname in Scotland, traces his pedi-



296



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



gree to Richard Le Scot, of Murdeston, county
Lanark, one of the Scottish barons, who swore
feahy to Edward I., in 1296. The name exists
in records of earher date, but the claim set up
by one zealous genealogist for a Norman ex-
traction has no foundation. M. de Gerville
remarks : "It is somewhat curious that this
Duke of Buccleuch seeks for his name in
Normandy, and pretends that the original ap-
pellation was I'Escott". Of the baronet fam-
ily. Scott of Ancrum and Scott of Duninald.
claim to be descended from the renowned
wizard, Michael Scott, who flourished in the
twelfth century, and assert that the Buccleuch
Scotts are the younger branch of this house.
In ancient times the Latin word "Scotus'" was
applied both to the inhabitants of Ireland and
Scotland, its meaning being similar to that of
"(lael" in the ancient language common to
both countries. Thus the missionaries from
Ireland who civilized and Christianized the
pagan countries of Europe between the sixth
and twelfth centuries were called "Scoti", the
plural of the Latin word "Scotus'", wliich
meant a native of Ireland or Scotland. In
Roman and mediaeval times Ireland was
called "Scotia", and .Scotland was called "Sco-
tia Minor". After the eleventh or twelfth
centuries the Scandinavian word of Eircland
or Ireland, displaced throughout Europe in
current phraseology the term .Scoita, which
was henceforth applied to .Scotland alone,
whose other name was Caledonia. Scott is
thus the modern form of the ancient Latin
appellation "Scotus''.

(I) David Scott, the fir.st ascertainable an-
cestor of the Scott family in America here
dealt with, was born in Dundee, Scotland, and
died there. He had three sons: David, John,
and Thomas, mentioned below.

fll) Thomas, youngest son of David Scott,
married Elizabeth Deuchass, who died in 1763.
The children were : Alexander, Christina.
Margaret, Elizabeth, and David, mentioned
below.

(Ill) David (2), youngest son of Thomas
and Elizabeth (Deuchass) Scott, was born at
Dundee. Scotland, in 1731, died in 1S25 at
Little Britain, Orange county. New York. He
was a weaver in Dundee, and came to this
country in 1788, settling in Little Britain on
part of General Clinton's farm, where he be-
gan and continued to engage in agricultural
pursuits. He was a strong churchman of the



Presbyterian faith. He married Margaret
Cowper (or Cooper) in 1782. The children
were: Elizabeth, born in Scotland, in 1783;
Christina (twin), born in Scotland; IsabelLi
(twin), born in Scotland; William, born in
Orange county. New York; James, mentioned
below ; David, born in Orange county. Nev^
York; Jane, born in Orange county; John R.,
born in Orange county.

(IV) James was the second son of David
(2) and Margfaret (Cowper or Cooper) Scott.

He married Millicent . Their son, David

A., is mentioned below.

(V) David A., son of James and Millicent
Scott, was born in the town of Montgomery,
Orange county. New York. August 18, 1825.
died suddenly at Indian Lake, in the Adiron-
dacks. New York, y\u,srust 24, 1890. During
the interval of sixty-five years covered by
these dates, but more especially during his
active manhood, his experiences and his use-
fulness were varied. After graduating at the
Montgfomery Academy and subsequently at
the Wesleyan University, he taught school for
some years in South Carolina, but ultimately
took up the study of the law in Newburg, and
was admitted to the bar in 18^6. Thirty-four
years of professional life and the manner in
which they were passed won for him not only
reasonable success, but gained for him the re-
spect and esteem of his contemporaries and
the confidence of the public. He w^as not a
great man in any sense, had no eminent rank-
as an attorney or coimsellor. but was never-
theless one whose integrity was without ques-
tion and whose judgment was a safe reliance.
Mr, Scott held the office of surrogate of the
county for two terms (January, i860, to Janu-
ary, 1866) and at their expiration entered
partnership with M. H. Hirschberg. under the
firm name of .Scott & Hirschberg-, in which
relation he remained until his death, devoting
his attention especially to office work, includ-
ing very largely the settlement of estates and
references involving important and compli-
cated questions. Eor the vocation of an advo-
cate he had no marked aptitude, .\side from
his professional life Mr. .Scott took an iiUerest
in the influences in society having for their
object the elevation of his fellows. He was
an active member of St. George's Episcopal
Church, filling acceptably the post of lay
reader when service in that capacity was re-
quired, and also that of superintendent of the



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



297



Sunday-school. When death came to him it
found him in the field promoting the success
of the mission of his church, now the Church
of the Good Shepherd. Next to his church
he was a devotee of the ancient and honorable
order of Free and Accepted Masons, finding
nothing in its principles or ritual that could
reasonably be condemned, and much that un-
der association, had a power and an object
second only to the church itself. He entered
the order in Newburg Lodge, No. 309, in
i860, and passed from it to Hudson River
Lodge in which he received its highest honors.
At different times he was presiding officer of
lodge, chapter, and commandery, and at all
times one of the prominent craftsmen of the
state. His service as a trustee of common
schools from 1887 to the time of his death
was of unquestionable advantage to the
schools and to the public, and in private walks
his charities were many. Regarding Mr.
Scott's life as a whole the evidence is cumu-
lative that he wasted neither his powers nor
his opportunities for usefulness — that the
mean goal, "thyself", says one writer, "did not
bound his vision nor confine his hand", — that
the force of his example remains and will re-
main even though his name shall wholly per-
ish.

Mr. Scott married Elizabeth, daughter of
David N. Bradley, who died in 1876. Chil-
dren : \\'illiam Clement, mentioned below ;
James Bratlley.

(\'l) William Clement, son of David A.
and Elizabeth (Bradley) Scott, was born at
Newburg, Orange county. New York, Febru-
ary 21, 1869. He was educated in the public
schools of Newburg, and fitted for college at
Siglar's Preparatory School, Newburg. He
entered Yale University in 1899. ^nd gradu-
ated in the class of 1893, with the degree of
Bachelor of Arts. In a few years he became
connected with the Newburg Planing Mill
Company, and has been secretary and treas-
urer since its incorporation. He is a director
of the National Bank of Newburg, and at-
tends the First Presbyterian Church. He
married, October 20, 1897, Margaret Lefever,
daughter of John and Mary ('\'ain Schoon-
maker. Children : Elizabeth and William C.



The surname Taylor belongs to

TAYLOR the class of what are known as

occupational surnames, that is,



surnames or family names that have been de-
rived from the occupation or work of the orig-
inal ancestor who first bore it, and among
whose descendants it became hereditary. To
this class also belong names like Smith, Gar-
dener, Skinner and Howard in English. Mac-
Gowan (the son of the Smith) in Erse or
Gaelic, Boulanger (Baker) in French, and
Schneider (tailor) in German. This type of
names was very common among the Anglo-
Saxons of England as distinguished from the
Normans, who formed the ruling element, and
who derived their names chiefly from the ter-
ritory with which they had a governing con-
nection. Nor was that type of name common
among the Milesian Gaels or Celts of Ireland
and Scotland, whose habit it was to form fam-
ily names from the personal names of ances-
tors, some near, some remote, at the date of
the establishment, but in the case of the lead-
ing families from the names of ancestors who
lived about the eleventh century, or who took
part in the historic battle of Clontarf. In
Gaelic, it is interesting to note, no family
name derived from trade or an occupation
has ever been known to be preceded by the
Milesian prefix "O", which never preceded
any but names derived from the personal
names of ancestors. In the case of all Gaelic
names derived from trade, occupation or pro-
fession, or preceded by "Gil" or "Kil" (from
"giolla", servant) "Mac" is the prefix invari-
ably used; for example: MacGowan. which is
known to be the real name of most of the
Smiths of Ireland, altered in many cases as
early as the seventeenth century. A series of
remarkable articles, dealing with the whole
subject of Gaelic surnames, was published by
Dr. O'Donovan. the celebrated translator of
the "Annals of the Four Masters", in the



Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 56 of 95)