Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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defunct Dublin Penny Journal, and these ar-
ticles contain valuable information on occu-
pational surnames. In some cases the name
of Taylor has been derived from a Norman-
French form, "Taileur", borne by some fami-
lies in England, who have the riglit to bear
arms ; there are, however, a great many fami-
lies in the United Kingdom of the name of
Taylor, who have the right to bear arnis.^ The
name is known in every part of the United
Kingdom, and even on the continent of
Europe under various forms. It by no means
follows that all these names have an identical
origin, that is, derived from an occupational


appellation, and it is quite certain that one
Taylor family need not necessarily have any
relationship to another. Thus the application
of the expression, "the Taylor family", while
correct as applied in a single case, is an obvi-
ous misnomer as applied to all who bear the
name of Taylor. Many Taylors landed in
New England in the seventeenth century and
families were founded in every colony prior
to 1700. Some families of the name settled
in Connecticut, and many of the earlier fami-
lies are also found in New Hampshire. In
the case of some of the English Taylors,
whose descendants now live in Wcstficld, New
York, and elsewhere, the family is of partial
Norman stock, the name, it is claimed, being
a corruption of Taliaferro, who is stated to
have accompanied \Mlliam the Conqueror to
England. Perhaps the first of the name in
America was John Taylor, who came from
Haverhill, .SufTolkshire. England, with Gov-
ernor Winthrop, June 12. 1636. He was lost
in the voyage of the "Phantom Ship", famous
in prose and poetry, but many of his descend-
ants still live. The arms of one Taylor fam-
ily are thus heraldically described : Per pale
azure, and or, a cheval, between three buck's
heads all counterchanged, on a chief gules two
hounds meeting argent, collared of the second.
(I) Jonathan Taylor came to this country
amount of transactions in various commercial
lines. He did not stay definitely at Tappan,
but in 1791 purchased a tract of land, consist-
ing of one thousand five hundred acres in the
town of Monroe. This became the Central
Valley homestead of the Taylor family; later
he went to Saratoga county. He was a soldier
in Van Nest"s regiment. He married a daugh-
ter of Aaron and Annetie (Jaens) Halstead.
Children : Jonathan, Jr. ; Benjamin ; Aaron ;
Isaac, mentioned below ; and Peggy.

(II) Isaac, son of Jonathan Taylor, was
born at Tappan, now Piermont, New Jersey,
about the year 1790, and died at "Roselawn",
the family homestead in Central Valley. He
was a soldier in the war of 18 12, and was a
witness and partaker in many of the stirring
events of that time. He lived most of his life
on the family homestead, which had been pur-
chased by his father, Jonathan Taylor, and
which he had a large share in developing and
beautifying. This estate has been in the fam-
ily possession for well over a century, and in

its present state it is thus described by one
magazine writer :

"The estate, which this family has occupied for
something hke one hundred and twenty years, bord-
ers on the State Road, about midway between the
village and the Highland Mills. A conspicuous sign,
hanging beneath the trees and bearing the name
Roselawn Inn and Cottages attracts visitors to the
place, although the attention of every road passenger
having an eye for rural beauty and antiquity as
applied to old American homes cannot fail to be
momentarily transfixed and provoked to a question as
to its ownership."

Isaac was well-to-do, possessing one of the
best kept, most fertile and well-stocked farms
of about one thousand acres that could be seen
in that particular section of Orange county.

He married . Children : Peter B., who

when sixteen opened a general store which he
conducted until 1862, finally settling at New-
burg, Orange county, married Lavinia C,
daughter of Nathan and Mary E. Strong ;
Aaron Halstcafl, mentioned below.

(Ill) Aaron Halstead. son of Isaac Taylor,
was born on the old Taylor homestead, "Rose-
lawn", November 15, 1831, "in a room ad-
joining the little office in the old mansion in
which he sits daily at his desk". He attended
the district schools and was graduated from
Princeton College in the class of 1850. His
brother Peter B. inherited the family home-
stead, but he sold it to Aaron H.. who gave it
the name of "Roselawn". As a boy he showed
himself to be a born horseman and at the time
of his death was the oldest breeder df fast
trotting stock in America. It was he who
forty years ago originated horse auction sales
in Orange county, giving to trotting a reputa-
tion which has clung to it ever since, and it
was also he who founded the finest stud of
trotting and pacing horses in the Eastern
States, one that attracted the eyes of this
country and Europe. Czar Nicholas II. of
Russia, and King Humbert of Italy, hearing
of Mr. Taylor's remarkable success as a
breeder, sent their most expert buvers to "size
up" the Roselawn stud, with which they were
so favorably impressed that they bought some
of the finest stallions bred there. Mr. Taylor's
school days were tmcventfnl but even during
that period he traded in horses in a small way,
and after his school and colleee days were over
he took up in earnest the business that alwavs
possessed for him an irresistible charm. With
a small capital made by judicious investments



he went to New York and started a livery and
sales stable at Seventh avenue and Broadway,
on the spot where the Times Buildins^ now
stands. This proved a very prosperous ven-
ture, the stable being patronized by the well-
to-do people of that section, which was then
a new and solely residential one. When a
stylish rig was required by any of the fash-
ionable people for the purpose of taking a
spin up the old Harlem Lane as far as Burn-
ham's, the Elm Park Club, or Steve DuBois'
or even to the opera of an evening, Mr. Tay-
lor's stable was considered the proper place to
go to be accommodated in those days. At Du-
Bois' was a balcony from which the passing
parade could be viewed, and this club had
among its members, Commodore Vanderbilt,
Robert Bonner and H. M. Cushman, all prom-
inent horsemen of the day. On the occasion
of the visit of the Prince of Wales, afterwards
Kinf Edward VH. of Ene^land, to this coun-
try. Mr. Taylor was one of the invited guests
at the ball given in the Prince's honor at the
Metropolitan Hotel. At the outbreak of the
civil war Mr. Taylor wound up his livery bus-
iness and joined the Thirty-eighth New York
Regiment, which bore an excellent record
throughout the conflict.

When the war was over he negotiated the
.sale of Roselawn farm, and established a stock
farm on the place, where many of the fastest
trotters and pacers of that dav were bred,
trained and sold. It was at this point that
his life work really began, and during the
years that followed his skill as a breeder was
hrought to the attention of the country and of
the horscbreerling and trotting world. After
carefully devoting his attention for nearly
half a dozen years to the development of a
stud, in 1S72 he inaugurated the annual trot-
tine horse sales at Central Valley. The sale,
while it was of a purely experimental nature,
proved a decided success and brought noted
personages from at home and abroad to par-
take of Mr. Taylor's hospitality. Among Mr.
Tavlor's long list of celebrated horses was one
"Pierson". who was sired by Rvsdvk's "Ham-
hletonian", dam by "Cassius M Clav". which
horse was disposed of to Mr. David Bonner.
■"Roselawn". the home of Mr. Taylor, in ad-
dition to being a place that has been known
to all prominent horsemen and breeders of
fast trotting stock throughout the country for
many years, is also a revolutionary landmark.

The colonial arms under Washington passed
by this house of many gables in the trying
times of '76. Mr. Taylor was a brilliant en-
tertainer and a gentleman of the old school.
He had a vast stock of anecdotes relating to
the vanished figures and the delightful associa-
tions of forty years that proved most pleasing
and entertaining to the visitor. His powers of
memory were very great and he insisted upon
the strictest accuracy when speaking of horses,
their flights of speed, their pedigrees, and the
like, even when the events dealt with hap-
pened as far back as nearly forty years ago.

He married (first) Gertrude Culver of
Brooklyn, New York, who died in 1898,
daughter of John W. Culver. He married
(second) Henrietta, daughter of John E. and
Clara (McLoughlin) Kuntzc. of Charleston.
South Carolina, who after the war came north
and purchased eight hundred acres of land
outside of Springfield, Illinois.

Dr. John Nicoll. the founder of
NICOLL this family, was the son of Al-
exander Nicoll, of Haddieweel,
parish of West Calder, Edinburghshire, Scot-
land. He emigrated to this country about
1734, and died in New York City, October 2,
1743, aged sixty-three years. He married Re-
becca (Dowding) Ransford, of Boston, Mas-
sachusetts. Children: I. John, referred to
below. 2. Margaret, married (first) Dr. Isaac
Du Bois and (second) the Rev. Alexander

fll) John (2), son of Dr. John (i) and
Rebecca (Dowding-Ransford) Nicoll, mar-
ried, September 7, 1736, Frances, born in
Little Britain, Orange county. New York. July
14, 1709, daughter of the Rev. John and
Frances (Fitzgerald) Little. Children: i.
John, born August 18, 1737. died September
27, 1783; married, January 26, 1766, Hannah
Youngs. 2. Leonard Dowding, born May 27,
1739, died Tune 72. 1813; married. December
18. 1768, Ruth Birdsev. 3. Isaac, referred to
below. 4. \\'illiam, died September i. 180S.
(IID Isaac, son of John (2) and Frances
(Little) Nicoll, was born July 19, 1741, died
at Schraalenburg, Bergen county, New Jersey.
October 9. 1804. He lived for a while at New
Windsor, then at Goshen. New Y'ork. and
finallv ■settled at Schraalenburg, near Hacken-
sack. New Jersey. He married, May 20. 1763,
Deborah, born March 3, 1739, died April 27,



1807, (laughter of Nathaniel and Sarah
(Smith) Woodhull, of Mastic, Long Island.
Children: i. Frances, born May 31, 1764,
died April 30, 1832; married, April 30, 1789,
Albert Zabriskie. 2. John, born March 6.
1767, died September 25, 1795; unmarried.

3. Sarah, born September 25, 1768, died Janu-
ary 26, 1770. 4. Nathaniel Woodhull, born
July 16, 1770, died before May, 1801 ; married
Ann Froeligh. 5. Walter D., born March 15,
1772, died May i. 1807; unmarried. 6. Wil-
liam, referred to below. 7. Sarah, born De-
cember 23, 1776, died April 24, i860; unmar-
ried. 8. Elizabeth, born January 2, 1779, died
May 30, 1836; unmarried. 9. Margaret, born
August 13. "1781, died August 30, 1846; mar-
ried, March 23, 1812, George Monell. 10.
Julia, born April 18, 1783, died June 16, 1868;

(IV) Captain William Nicoll, son of Isaac
and Deborah (Woodhull) Nicoll, was born
April 29, 1774, died in command of his vessel
in the Chinese waters. August 2, 1807. He
owned and commanded various merchant
ships, and had his home at New Bridge, New
Jersey. He married, June 16, 1796, Euphe-
mia. born in New York City, July i, 1776,
died at New Bridge. New Jersey, November

4, 1821, daughter of Frederick and Mary (Ten
Eyck) Fine, of New York City. Children :
I. William, born May 2. 1797, died May 23,
1870; married. September 28, 1823, Mary
Monfort. 2. John, referred to below. 3.
Mary Fine, born June 3. 1804, died November
4, 1868; married, November 27, 1826, Lewis

(V) John, son of Captain William and
Euphemia (Fine) Nicoll, was born in New
Briclgc. New Jersey. June 25, 1799, died in
Washingtonville. Orange county. New York,
February 24. 1874. He lived in New York
City and in \\'^ashingtonville. He married
(first) June 28, 1831, Julianna Howell, born
October 9. 181 t, died September 16. 1832,
daughter of the Rev. Andrew and Elizabeth
( Howell ) Thompson, of Blauveltville. Rock-
land county. New York. He married (sec-
ond) April 23, 1835, Elizabeth Unwell
(White) Denniston, born January 8. 1808.
died December 21, 1855, daughter of Judge
Nathan Herrick and Fanny (Howell) White
and widow of Harvey A. Denniston. Chil-
dren, one by first marriage: i. U^illiam, born
April 24, 1832, died .\ugust 2, 1859; unmar-

ried. 2. John Morgan, born February 10,
1836, died July 23, 1862 ; unmarried. 3. .\u-
gustus White, married. October 3. i8()6. Mary
Curran Garvin. 4. Isaac, born February 14,
1840. killed at the battle of Gettysburg. July
2, 1863; unmarried. 5. Juliana Thompson,
married, December 3, 1862, John Boyd
Vroom. 6. Charles, born August 4, 1844, died
May 10, 1848. 7. Edward, born February 24,
1847, died March 13, 1867; unmarried. 8.
Charles, referred to below. 9. Elizabeth
White, married, May 9, 1877, Andrew Sid-
dons Glover.

(\T) Charles, son of John" and Elizabeth
Howell ( White-Denniston) Nicoll, was born
on the old homestead in Blooming Grove
township. Orange county. New York, May 25,
1850, and is now living at Washingtonville.
Orange county. He received his education in
the district schools of Orange county, and un-
til his father's death assisted him on the farm.
Since then he has conducted the farm as a
dairy farm. He is widely known as a most
successful farmer, is a member of the Grange,
and has been trustee for the town of Wash-
ingtonville for many years. He is a member
of the Blooming Grove Presbyterian church.
He married. June 13, 1877. Catalina Maria,
daughter of Peter Delameter and Eliza Her-
vev Cameron (Van Doren) Vroom. of Jersey
City, New Jersey. Children: i. Isaac, born
December 14. 1878 : married Ethel Holman.
2. .A.lfred Vroom. born June 20. 1881. 3.
Elizabeth H., born October 18. 1889.

The English familv of
CH.\D\MCK Chadwick originated at
Chadwick. a hamlet in the
neiHiborhnod of Rochdale, county of Lan-
cashire. The arms of the Chadwicks are :
Gules on Escutcheon, within an Orle of Mar-
letts Argent. Crest: A Lily .\rgent Stalkefl
and Leafed Vert. The motto is : /;; Candorc
decus. A branch of the family in Cornwall,
England, bear similar arms, and show the re-
lationship: Crest on a Ducal Coronet of Mar-
lett. Tlierc were Chadwicks from Healey
Hall who came to this country in 1640 and
settled in Massachusetts. It is not, however,
possible at present to ascertain the relation-
ship with them, but it exists nevertheless, as
tlie present owner of Healey Hall is related to
Joseph Chadwick. of this review.

The first of the name of whom there is posi-




tive information was Nicholas Chadwick, born
about 1340, in the reign of Edward the Third,
and who married Maud, daughter of Thomas
de Paris, acquiring lands in Spotland, Hon-
ersfield and Castleton in Lancashire.

Thomas Chadwick, descendant of Nicholas
Chadwick, was the progenitor of the Chad-
wicks from which the name here dealt with
springs from. He was born in 1535, and the
line from him to the present generation is as
follows: Anthony, born 1580; Thomas, born
1605; Thomas, born 1631 ; Thomas, born
1661 ; Thomas, born 1692; Thomas, born
1713; Thomas, born 1737 (who built one of
the first three cotton mills in Heywood, spin-
ning cotton wool as it was then called, and
purchased an estate called Captain Fold in
1778, this being in the possession of the family
at the present time) ; John, born 1776: Thom-
as, born 1800, and was the father of Joseph,
of whom further.

Joseph Chadwick, the first member of this
family in this country, and a representative of
the Castleton branch, was born at Croft Bank
House, Captain Fold, between Heywood and
Rochdale, Lancashire, England, October 24,
1841. He was educated at Town Head, Roch-
dale. He acquired a practical knowledge of
his present business in Manchester, and cotton
spinning in Rochdale. He came to the United
States in 1865, and shortly afterward secured
a lease of the Boiling Spring Bleach and Dye
Works, New Jersey, conducting the same for
a period of ten years. In 1871 the site of the
Newbursr Rleachery was purchased and the
present buildings erected, these being among
the largest and best equipped of tlie kind in
the country, bleaching, dying and finishing the
finest cotton fabrics made. Mr. Chadwick is
president of the company, and head of the
firm of Joseph Chadwick & Sons. Mr. Chad-
wick has been a resident of Newburg since
1878. He has been for many years a trustee
of the Newburg Savings Bank, and in igo6
was elected president of the institution, serv-
ing in that capacity until recently, when he
resigned the office of president in order to go
abroad. He is a member of the Merchants'
Club of New York, the Powelton Club of
Newburg, the City Club of Newburg, the New
York Chamber of Commerce and the New-
bur? Chamber of Commerce.

Mr. Chadwick married Margaret, dauehter
of William Smith, of Manchester, England,

who was a bleacher, dyer and finisher of cot-
ton goods. Children: Thomas F., William
E., Joseph, Margaret L. One grandson,
Thomas M., born 19 10, and two granddaugh-
ters, Dorothy, born igii, and Barbara, born

There is no name per-
FITZ (iERALD haps generally recog-
nized as more distinct-
ively Irish than the famous surname of the
Geraldines, yet the name itself is not Milesian
Irish or Gaelic, but Norman French in origin.
A branch of the Fitz Geralds were down to
the reign of Queen Elizabeth of England earls
of Desmond, and had immense ])Osscssions in
that ancient principality, which was later
called Cork and Kerry. Another branch be-
came barons of Offaley, the ancient Gaelic
name for the present King's and Queen's
counties, earls of Kildare, and dukes of Lein-
ster. The Geraldines who arrived in Ireland
from Normandy through England in the
eleventh century in course of time joined the
Irish in their conflicts with England, and were
charged by English writers as having became
Irish in language and customs ; hence the
origin of the expression "Ipsis Hibernis Hi-
berniores" or "More Irish than the Irish them-
selves". The Fitz Geralds wlio were created
earls of Desmond became one of the most
powerful families in Munster, and several of
them were lords deputies of Ireland in the
fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Gerald
Fitz Gerald, the sixteenth earl of Desmond,
was one of the greatest noblemen in Europe:
he held the rank of "Prince Palatine" with all
the autiiority of a provincial king. Having
resisted the reformation in the reign of Eliza-
beth and waged war against the English gov-
ernment, the forces of the earl of Desmond
were after long contests defeated, and he him-
self was slain in a glen near Castle Island in
the county of Kerry, November 11, 1583; his
head was cut ofif and sent to England by
Thomas Butler, earl of Ormond. as a present
to Queen Elizabeth, who caused it to be fixed
on London Bridge. James Fitz Gerald,
nephew of Gerald, earl of Desmond, attempt-
ing to recover the estates and honors of his
ancestors, took up arms and joined the stand-
ard of Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tvrone, and
claimant to the monarchy of Ireland. This
Tames Fitz Gerald was styled earl of Des-



mond, but the title not being recognized by
the English, he was designated by them as the
"sugan earl", which signifies the "earl of
straw". His forces being at length defeated
and he himself taken prisoner he was sent to
England along with Florence Mac Carthy,
heir of the ancient kings of Munster, and im-
prisoned in the Tower of London, where he
died in 1608, and thus the illustrious house of
Fitz Gerald was brought low. The vast es-
tates of the family were confiscated in the
reign of Queen Elizabeth and divided up
among various English settlers, and the old
proprietors were reduced to tilling the soil on
their ancient patrimony.

The Geraldines, as this great family are
often called, claim to be descended in the line
along which they derive their surname, from
the same stock as the Gherardini, a noble
Florentine family, whose progenitor, Raina-
riao, flourished in A. D. 910. It is, however,
sufificient for the antiquity of this distin-
guished race to state that their pedigree is
perfect up to Otho, who passed into England
before the Conquest. The name itself is de-
rived from that chief's descendant, Maurice,
the son of Gerald (filius Geroldi), and great-
grandson of Otho. Maurice Fitz Gerald ac-
companied the Normans in their eleventh cen-
tury invasion of Ireland, and thus built up the
fortunes of the family. "Fitz" is a Norman
French prefix and signifies son, being a con-
traction of the_ Latin "filius" or French "fils".
Like "Ap" among the Welsh, and "Mac" and
"O" among the Milesian Irish, the Fitz prefix
to the father's name was the only surname in
use for a period among noble families. The
origin of the word "Fitz", which has much
puzzled some antiquarians, is this : In con-
tracting the word "filius", the old scribes drew
a stroke across the "1" to denote the omission
of the following "i", and thus assimilated it
in form to the letter "t"'. The character "z"
is the usual contraction of "us". Then the
word looked like "fitz", and came to be so
pronounced. The armorial bearings of the
Fitz Geralds of the house of Desmond are
thus heraldically described: Ermine a saltire
gules. Crest : A boar passant, ermine fretting
gules. Supporters: Two male griffins argent
chained and spiked on the breast and shoulders
or. Motto: Crom Aboo.

The following is the pedigree of the family
through sixteen generations as deduced from

the Linea Antiqua and other authentic
sources :

(I) Otho Geraldino, according to the Battle
Abbey Book, went into England from Nor-
mandy with William the Conqueror and was
one of his chief commanders, and, according
to Sir William Dugale's "Baronage of Eng-
land" was the sixth of that king, created a
baron. This Otho had two sons, Waltero and
Robert. Waltero was the ancestor of all the
Fitz (ieralds of Ireland, and of all the barons
of Windsor until the male issue of the Wind-
sor line became extinct.

(II) Waltero, son of Otho Geraldino.
(HI) Gerald, from whom the surname of

Geraldine was changed to Fitz Gerald.

(IV) Maurice Fitz Gerald was the first to
assume the name of Gerald, which thus be-
came hereditary. He was one of the first and
principal invaders of Ireland, A. D. 1169.
From this Maurice descended the two prin-
cipal lines of the earls of Desmond and the
dukes of Leinster.

(V) Gerald Fitz Gerald.

(VI) Maurice.

(VII) Thomas, baron of Geashill, was the
first of the family to get into Kildare, where
he built the Castle of Geashill, and was made
baron, as he was also of Sligo, Tirconnell and

(VIII) John, the first carl of Kildare.

(IX) Thomas, second earl, died 1390.

(X) Maurice, fourth earl, died 1410.

(XI) John Cam, sixth earl, died 1427.

(XII) Thomas, seventh earl, died 1477.

(XIII) Gerald, eighth earl.

(XIV) Gerald Oge, ninth earl, was im-
peached of high treason, and in September,
1534, died in the Tower of London. "Silken
Thomas", the famous general, who died in
1537, was the tenth earl.

(XV) Edward, second son of Gerald Oge.
The Fitz Gerald pedigree is brought down

through a great many branches to the present

(I) Tohn Fitz Gerald lived near Sterling,
New York, where he was a farmer. He
owned several acres of land, and engaged to
a certain extent in commercial pursuits. He
married and had children : John. .Mbert. Ho-
ratio. William. Sydney, mentioned below ;
Tames. Joshua. David. Martha. Pauline.

(II) Sydney, son of John Fitz Gerald, was
born near Goshen, New York, February 6,



1801, died in 185S. He attended the district
schools, and had a farm on which he Hved all
his life. He married Hannah, daughter of
Benjamin and Mehitable (Green) Conkling,
of Goshen, New York. Children : Harriet ;
Harvey, died young; Edward, married Mary
Howell ; Loise ; Harvey, married Carrie
Tichnor; Emma; Pauline; Henry M.; David
C, mentioned below.

(HI) David C, son of Sydney and Hannah
(Conkling) Fitz Gerald, was born near Gosh-
en, on his father's farm, July 4, 1843. He was
educated in the country schools of Goshen,
and graduated from Eastman's Business Col-
lege, Poughkeepsie. He then became a clerk
in a manufacturing house in New York, and
later became connected with his brother, with
whom he continued in partnership for the
next twenty-eight years in the manufacture of

Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 57 of 95)