Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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West Point he was private tutor to Robert
E. Lee, and was a prominent Abolitionist.
He remained there two years, and then re-
turned to New York. He practiced his pro-
fession in the city and became prominent.
He married, June 7, 1838, Susan W., daugh-
ter of Frederick C. and Catherine (Billigar")
Havemeyer. Children : Louise L., married,
July T2, i860. Dr. Edward E. Lee; Charles
H., died August 23, 191 1; Frederick \\'.,
mentioned below.

(II) Frederick W.. younger son of Dr.
Henry and Susan W. (Havemeyer) SenfF.
was born in New York City. August i. 1840.
He was educated in the public schools and
in the New York Free Academy. For about
two years he was in the drv goods business,
and in 1868 he went to Europe, where he
studied chemistry. On his return he settled
in New Windsor. Orange county. New
York, where he now lives, though he has
never practiced his profession on accoimt of
his eyes. Mr. SenflF is vice-president and
director of the Newburg Savings Rank,
member of the board of managers at St.
Luke's Hospital, member of the Citv and
Auto clubs at Newburg, and a member of
the Reformed Club, New York City. He
married, October 23, 1878, Geor.giana Have-
meyer. There has been one daughter of the
marriage. Louise S.. who married Kenneth
Cameron, of Newburg, Orange county. New
York.



The Stokes family would nn-
STOKES near to be of Norman origin.

following the derivation of the
surname, a branch of the ancieiU and illustri-
ous house of Montespedon. Several of its



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



309



members went to England from Normandy
soon after the conquest by William in the
eleventh century and there obtained large pos-
sessions and were people of high standing.
The surname was known under various forms
in both England and Ireland. A Sir Adam de
Stokke was seized of the manors of Stokke
and Rutishall. Wiltshire, England, about 1300.
His son, Thomas de Stokke, held the manor of
.Sende with other lands in Wiltshire. John
Stokes represented Wiltshire in parliament in
the time of Charles H. John Stokes, of Dun-
moylan House, county of Limerick, about the
year 1622, married Sara O'Conail, daughter
of Jefferey O'Conail, and granddaughter of

!Da or Daid O'Conail, of Iveraigh, their de-
scendants still retaining the family seats at
Tralee and Cullenymore in Ireland. From the
year 1201, the third of the reign of King John
of England, to 1357, the thirty-first of the
reign of King Edward HI., a period of over

Sone hundred and fifty years, we find in the
records of the Acts of the succeeding kings
that the members of the Stokes family were
connected with the various courts, being called
as witnesses to important state papers as char-
t ters, letters patent, etc., showing that they
I; stood high in the esteem and confidence of the
various monarchs. Lower sa\s that the sur-
name Stokes is in its origin simply a plurali-
zation of the name Stoke.

( I ) Thomas Stokes, the first American an-
cestor of the Stokes family here dealt with,
was born in London in 1765, the son of Wil-
liam Stokes, of that city, and died in New
York City, October 10, 1832, aged sixty-seven
years. He came to New York in 1798 and
became one of the most distinguished men of
that generation in philanthropic and religious
work. Before coming to this country he was
a merchant of considerable wealth and one of
the founders of the Lond'^n Missionary So-
ciety. In this country h_ was one of the
founders of the American Bible Society, the
New York Peace Society, and the American
Tract Society. He had been accustomed to
preach to the poor of London, though he was
not a reeularly ordained minister. He was
as'iociated with Robert Raikes in his earliest
efforts to organize Sunday-schools in the city
of London and its suburbs. On arriving in
New York he was baptized in the East river
by the Rev. Charles Lahatt. pastor of the
Bethel Baptist Church of New York. When



by the efiforts of Archibald Maclay the Mul-
berry Street Baptist Church was gathered Mr.
Stokes united with the body and was at once
elected deacon, an office which he held until
the time of his death. "The General Conven-
tion", which was the first organization of the
American Baptists for the promotion of for-
eign missions, was formed in Philadelphia,
May 21, 1814, Mr. Stokes was present, a
deeply interested spectator. When in 1821, in
consequence of failing health, John Caldwell,
the treasurer of the Baptist Missionary Con-
vention, was compelled to resign, Mr. Stokes
consented to undertake the duties of the posi-
tion which, however, he resigned two years
later desiring that the trea.surcr be located at
Boston. In 1825 he assisted in the organiza-
tion of the Tract Society and was placed upon
its board of managers.

He married Elizabeth Ann, daughter of
James Boulter, of Lowestoft. England. Chil-
dren: Thomas Boulter; Richard Arnold, died
young; William Armstrong, died young; Eliz-
abeth Ann, married John Dickcrson ; Edward
Halesworth ; Alfred Arnold; James Boulter,
mentioned below ; Sarah, married Charles Col-
gate ; Henry; Josiah ; William .Armstrong;
Mary, married Clinton Gilbert ; Benaiah Gibb.
(IF) James Boulter, the fifth son of Thomas
and Elizabeth .Ann (Boulter) Stokes, was bom
in 1804. died in 1881. Early in life he was
engaged in business with his father, but later
became a member of the firm of importers of
Phelps, Dodge & Company, .\fter remaining
in this business connection for about forty-one
years he assisted in establishing the banking
house of Phelps, Stokes & Company. Being
greatly interested in charitable and religious
institutions, he contributed generously to their
support and was associated with Peter Cooper
and others in the development of the public
school system. He married, in 1837, Caroline,
daughter of Anson G. Phelps, who was de-
scended in the sixth generation from George
Phelps, the pioneer, who was one of the set-
tlers of Windsor. Connecticut. Children : An-
son Phelps, mentioned below ; James Jr. ;
Thomas ; William E. Dodge ; Elizabeth James,
married Francis H. Slade; Olivia Egleston
Phelps ; Dora, married Henry Dale ; Caroline
Phelps.

(HI) Anson Phelps, eldest son of James
Boulter and Caroline (Phelps) Stokes, was
born in New York City, in 1838. He was a



3IO



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



partner in Phelps, Dodge & Company, and
afterwards in the banking business of I'helps,
Stokes & Company, with his father. Later he
was principally occupied in looking after his
real estate and other investments. He is or
has been a member of the Tuxedo, Metropoli-
tan, Knickerbocker, Union League, City, Law-
yers, Reform, New York Yacht, Seawanhaka-
Coriiithian Vacht, Riding, City and Church
■ clubs, the Century Association, the National
Academy of Design, and Society of Colonial
Wars, and patron of the Metropolitan Mu-
seum of Art, and the American Museum of
Natural History. He was twice vice-commo-
dore of the New York Yacht Club, and was
first president of the Reform Club. He wrote
•'loint-Metallism", of which many editions
have been published. He married, October 17,
1865, Helen Louisa, daughter of Isaac Newton
Phelps, who was descended in the sixth gen-
eration from George Phelps, of Windsor, the
ancestor of her husbands' mother. Children :
L N. Phelps; J. G. Phelps, graduated from
Yale in 1892; Anson Phelps Jr., graduated
from Yale University in 1896; PLirold M.
Phelps, graduated from Yale University. 1909;
Sarah Phelps, married Baron Halkett ; Helen
Olivia Phelps; Ethel V. Phelps, married John
Sherman Hoyt ; Caroline M. Phelps, married
Robert Hunter; Mildred Phelps, married Dr.
Kausoni .^])afor(l Hooker.

(The Phelps Line.)

The modern surname of Phelps is spelled in
the Massachusetts colonial records as Feljjs,
Phelips and Phelps. It is a name well known
in England, Ireland and Scotland, and is a
variation of Philips, an ancestral cognomen
meaning the "son of Philip", and is in many
cases an anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac
Philib.

(I) George Phelps emigrated to America in
i6-^o. whence there is no record, but supposed-
ly from Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, Eng-
land, where a family of the name was living
at that time. He was born about the year
1606, died May 8, 1687, at Westfield. From
the Dorchester, Massachusetts, records we
learn that "January 1632 George Phelps with
others is to have a great lot of six acres a
piece". In 1634 he was chosen one of the ten
men "to order the afl'airs of the colony for one
vear" and in 1635 he was chosen freeman. He
located at Windsor in 1635 and in later years
he served on the jurj' both in Hartford and



Springfield, Massachusetts. He married
(nrst) at Windsor in 1637, Phillury, daughter
of Philip Randall, who died in 1648; (second)
in 1 048, Frances Dewey, a widow. Children
by first marriage : Isaac, born in 1638, mar-
iied Anne Gay lord ; a child, died m 1647;
Abraham, born in 1641, married Mary Pm-
ney; a child, died in 1O47; Joseph, mentioned
beiow. Children by second marriage: Abi-
gail, born in 1969; jacob. married Dorothy In-
gersoll; John, married Sarah Buckland; Na-
thaniel, born in 1653.

(II) Joseph, son of George and Phillury
(Randall) Phelps, was born at Windsor, Con- .
necticut. June 24. 1647, died at East Windsor
in i(x)^. He settled in Westfield, Massachu-
setts, and removed to the east side of the
Great river ( Connecticut ) and was among the
first settlers of East Windsor, now South
Windsor, Connecticut. It would appear that
the company to which Joseph Phelps belonged
owned lands in East Windsor previous to this
date, but returned to Westfield during the
Indian troubles. Joseph Phelps, who had be-
come a captain of the militia, was made a
freeman in 1672. He married (first) June
26, 1673. in Westfield, Massachusetts, Mary,
daughter of John and Mary (Stanley) Por-
ter; (second) Hester, daughter of John and
Phillury (Thrall) Hosford!" Children by first
wife: Mary, born in 1674, married Nathaniel
Hosford ; Sarah, married Samuel Pinney ;
Joseph, mentioned below; Hannah, born in
t68o, married John Younglove ; Mindwell,
born in 1682, married Obadiah Hosford.
Children by second marriage : Daniel, died
in irx)o, in infancy; Hester, born in 1691,
married Samuel Kent; Abigail, born in 1693,
married Samuel Marshall : Pienoni. died in
1709.

(Ill) Captain Joseph (2) Phelps, eldest
son of Joseph (i) and Mary (Porter) Phelps,
was born in East \\'indsor, Connecticut, De-
cember 13. 167S, died September 3, 1751. He
settled in East Windsor, Connecticut. He was
established and confirmed to be lieutenant by
the general assembly in May, 1730, and to be
captain of the South Company or trained band
on the cast side of the Connecticut river in
the town of Windsor in May. 1732. He
joined the church in 1700, and Abigail Bissell,
afterwards his wife, joined the church at the
=ame time. At that time the Rev. Timothy
Edwards was pastor of the East Windsor
church and in his rate book he carefullv uses



312



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



daughter of Gerrit Eshuysen, and (third) Eg-
bertje, daughter of Dirck Hage Bruynsen,
who died September 9, 1728. Children: i.
Albert, referred to below. 2. Child, died in
infancy. 3. Dorothea, baptized in the Dutch
church in New Amsterdam, May i, 1661 ;
married Isaac Casparse Halenbeck, of Albany.
4. Gerrit, born in 1663, died in infancy. 5.
Gerrit. born in 1665, died in infancy. 6. Hil-
legond. baptized November 3, 1666; married,
April 18, 1699, Lodowijck Ackerman. 7. Cor-
nelia, baptized May 29, 1762; married, April
3, 1697, Pierre Gerard Cavalier. 8. Hendrick,
baptized December 2, 1674; married, Septem-
ber 9, 1698. Maria van der Beeck. 9. Samuel,
baptized February 28, 1677. 10. Joshua, bap-
tized May 19, 1678.

(11) Albert, son of Hendrick Albrachtsen
and Anna Maria (Rembach) Bosch, was born
in Leyden, died in New Amsterdam before
April 23. 1 701, as he is mentioned as deceased
in his father'.s will. November 19, 1686, he
was granted the water lot opposite the prop-
erty owned by his father, it being the lot east
of Fraunces' Tavern. He married, May i,
1668, Elsje, daughter of Jeuriaen Blanck.
Children: i. Jeuriaen, baptized January 20,
1669; married, October 16. 1695. Geese Anna
Bruijn. 2. Hendrick, baptized September 10,
1670. 3. Anna Maria, baptized May 5. 1672:
married Edward Marshall. 4. Justus, referred
to below. 5. Catharina, baptized, June 11,
1677. 6. Margariet, baptized April 12, 1679.
7. Albertus-Conraedus, baptized July 23. 1681 ;
married. July 17, 1703, Maria Yaets. 8. Cas-
parus, baptized August 25, 1683.

(IH) Justus Bush, son of Albert and Elsje
(Blanck) Bo.sch, was baptized in the Dutch
church in New Amsterdam, October 28, 1675,
died in Westchester county. New York, be-
tween June 25;, 1737, and December 4, 1738.
the dates of the execution and the proving of
his will. He married Annetje Smith van Bos-
wijck, who died between October 6 and 30,
1745, and from the signature to her will we
get the first record of the modern spelling of
the name as "Bush." Children: i. Annatje. bap-
tized luly 3, 1698. died young. 2. Justus, bap-
tized December 3, 1699 ; ancestor of the Green-
wich, Connecticut, branch of the fainilv. 3.
Geeritje (later corrupted to Charity) baptized
October 30, 1701 ; married William Smith. 4.
Elisabeth, baptized December 3, 1703; mar-
ried. May 13, 1726, Jan Abrahamsen. 3. Hen-



ricus, referred to below. 6. Annatje, baptized
May II, 1708; living unmarried in 1745. 7.
Albertus, baptized June 11, 1710; married,
January 22, 1739, Catharina Smith. 8. Johan-
nes, baptized June i, 1712. 9. Bernardus, bap-
tized December 15, 1714. 10. Isaac, baptized
March 2, 1718. 11. Abraham, baptized Feb-
ruary 17, 1720; married Ruth Lyon, the an-
cestor of the Westchester county branch of
the family.

(IV) Henricus, son of Justus and Annetje
Smith (van Boswijck) Bush, was baptized in
the Dutch church in New York City, July 2,
1706. According to family tradition he is the
ancestor of the Orange county. New York,
branch of the family, but the records at pres-
ent accessible are not sufficient to determine
the question positively, as his brothers Al-
bertus, Johannes, Bernardus and Isaac also
removed from Westchester county and the
branches descending from them have not yet
been discovered. One of these brothers, how-
e\er, had a son Henry, referred to below.

(V) Henry, probably the son of Henricus,
and certainly the grandson of Justus and An-
netje Smith (van Boswijck) Bush, settled on
what is known as the old Donovan place in
Hempstead, now Sloatsburg, Rockland coun-
ty. New York, in 1760. He served as a soldier
in the revolution. One family tradition states
that he came to -Sloatsburg from Greenwich,
New Jersey, but this is manifestly an error
and arises from a confusion of the south
Jersey town with the Connecticut town of the
same name where Henry's uncle, Justus, had
settled. The records of Greenwich, Connecti-
cut, also prove that Henry could not have
been the son of Justus, but must have been
his nephew. He married Rachel De Graw.
Children : Rachel, Martha, Rebecca, Mar-
garet, Samuel. John, Peter, referred to below ;
Henry. William.

(VI) Peter, son of Henry and Rachel (De
Graw) Bush, was bom in Sloatsburg. Rock-
land county. New York. November 11, 1783,
died at Greenwood, now Arden, May 4. 1836.
He was a contractor and worked throughout
all that section of country, and was at one
time an iron manufacturer at Arden. He
married (first) in 1806. Mary Smith, born
May 2. 1778, died November 4. 1815. He
married (second) in 1816, Abigail Smith.
Children by first marriage: i. Matilda, born
January 16, 1807, died October 28, 1866: mar-



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



313



ried, November 5, 1829, Cornelius \';in \'aler.
2. Mary Ann, born May 2, 1809, died May 23,
1894; married, December 23, 1829, Thomas
Lewis. 3. Henry, born June 4, 181 1, died
July 16, 1856. 4. James S., referred to below. 5.
Alargaret, born November 27, 1814, died May
19, 1881. Children by second marriage: 6. Eliz-
abeth, born March 13, 1817, died Decemlier
26, 1S52. 7. Samuel Gurnee, born September

19, 1818, died unmarried, April 19, 1850. 8.
Peter B., referred to below. 9. Nathaniel
Drake, born October 29, 1821, died October

20, 1897 ; was architect for the New York
City police department for a number of years
prior to his death. 10. Rachel, born August
I, 1823; married John Knapp, September 21,
1843, died July 26, 1846. 11. Sarah, born
November 20, 1825 ; married William H. Wey-
gant, February 23, 1847, died April 10, 1859.
12. Eleanor, born October 20, 1827; married
Alexander Thompson, February 19, 1856, died
January, 1904. 13. Cornelius V., born No-
vember 5, 1829, died unmarried, November
19, 1853. 14. Arminda, born December 7,
183 1, deceased; married John W. Rea, March
19, 1854. 15 Phebe. born July 11, 1833; mar-
ried Charles Woodall, February 10, 1870, died
September 25, 1878. 16. Hudson MacFarlan,
born March 28. 1836: married Martha C.
Ford, February, 1864, died July 4, 1912.

(VII) James S., son of Peter and Mary
(Smith) Bush, was born at Southfield, Orange
county. New York, December 25, 1812, died
at Arden, October 4, 1878. He was educated
in the public schools of Orange county, and
was a farmer until 1838. when he was ap-
pointed a keeper at Sing Sing prison. Three
years later he was made assistant warden, but
in 1843 he returned to his farm at Arden
where he passed the remainder of his life.
For over twenty-five years he furnished the
furnaces at Sterling, Southfield and Green-
wood, New York, with limestone. He was
a communicant of the Protestant EpiscoDal
church, and one of the originators of the Re-
publican party in Goshen, New York. He
married, January 3. 1843, Eliza J., born at
Sin? Sing. August 21, 1824. died at Arden.
April 8. 1897. daughter of James and Eliza-
beth (Griffith) Minerly, of Sing Sine. New
York. Children: i. James H.. born Novem-
ber 6. 1843. died Tanuary 8, 1896: married,
May 16, 1868, Alice Hance. 2. Elizabeth,
born March 26. 1845, died April 8. 1897: mar-



ried James S. Hollenbeck. 3. Matilda V., born
March 20, 1847, died February 28, 1880; mar-
ried, October 5, 1868, David AI. Hollenbeck.
4. Mary, born December 21, 1849, died Janu-
ary 5, 1850. 5. George H., born February 14,
185 1 ; married, November 4, 1874, Emily
Cooper. 6. Peter B., born June 23, 1853;
married Margaret Conklin, June 23, 1878. 7.
Hudson G., born May 7, 1857; married, Oc-
tober 15, 1879, Mary A. Weyant. 8. Reeves
D., born June 23, i860; married, December
I, 1889, Mary A. Grady. 9. Gillmore O.,
referred to below.

(VIII) Gillmore O., son of James S. and
Eliza J. (Minerly) Bush, was born at Arden,
Orange county. New York, March 3, 1863,
and is now living at Tuxedo, New York. He
received his education in the district schools
of Orange county and at the Paterson Busi-
ness College, and then he went to Newburg,.
New York, and worked on the construction
of the West Shore railroad until 1881, when
he went to Ansonia, Connecticut, and worked
at the trade of machinist. In the spring of
1886 he settled permanently in Tuxedo, and
on the following May ist was appointed a
policeman. He served as such for four years
and then resigned, but six months later, May
I, 1891, he was appointed to the position of
chief of police of Tuxedo, which he has held
ever since. He was the first collector of taxes
for the new town of Tuxedo and served as
such for three terms. In 1889 he was ap-
pointed by President McKinley postmaster of
Tu.xedo and served in that position for twelve
years. Since 1886 he has been deputy sheriff
of Orange county. He is a member of Ram-
apo Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of
Suffern, New York, and when Lorillard
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of Tux-
edo, was formed, he was transferred and be-
came a charter member of that lodge. He
married, April 19, 1894, Harriet, born August
8, 1872, daughter of George W. Dater. of
Sloatsburg, New York. Children : Adrian
Dater, born May 24, 1896; Esther M.. July
27. 1901 ; Gillmore O., February 24, 1907.

(\'II) Peter B., son of Peter and .Abigail
f Smith) Bush, was born at a place called the
"Shore" near Caldwell Landing on the Hud-
son river. New York. June 8, 1820, died
March 6, 1013. at Harriman, formerly Tur-
ners, New York. He was educated in the
district schools of Orange county, and assisted



314



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



his father in various pursuits. When his
father died he undertook the management of
the homestead farm at Greenwoods, now Ar-
den, and prior to 1862 he bought out the
interests of the other heirs. In the same year
he also bought the Van Valer farm of one
hundred and twenty-three acres of land in
Monroe township, and on this farm he lived
up to the time of his death in the ninety-third
year of his age. He married Harriet, born in
1834, died April 25, 1900. daughter of David
and Mary (Townsend) Ford. Children: Min-
nie R., born September 21, 1859; Horace G.,
referred to below ; Samuel G., born November
27, 1864, married. April 7, 1892, Carrie Ball,
children: Harriet Ford, Inez, Mildren, How-
ard S.

(VHI) Horace G., son of Peter B. and
Harriet (Ford) Bush, was born in the town
of Monroe, Orange county. New York, March
13, 1863, and is now living on the homestead
farm in Harriman, Orange county. New
York. He received his education in the dis-
trict schools of Orange county, and then as-
sisted his father in his agricultural pursuits
until 1892, when he undertook the active man-
agement of the farm, which he still continues,
doing a highly prosperous dairy, fruit and
general farming business. He is a Republican
in politics, and a member of the Presbyterian
church. During 1906 and 1907 he was the
Republican supervisor for the town of Mon-
roe, and formerly a member of the board of
education of Harriman. He is a member of
Standard Lodge, No. 711, Free and Accepted
Masons, of the town of Monroe. He mar-
ried, January 27, 1897, Mary T., born in
Monroe, August 31, 1874, daughter of Asahel
and Sarah (Thompson) Smith, of the town
of Monroe. Children : Florence, died in in-
fancy ; Peter B., born August 21, 1901 ; Horace
S.. August 22, 1903 : Charles A., August 22,
1912.



Tosiah Patterson, the first
PATTERSON member of this family of
whom we have definite in-
formation, was the son of John Patterson, of
the town of Monroe, Orange county. New
York, where he was born in 1824, and where
he died in 1897. Josiah Patterson was for
many years in the employ of the Peter B.
Parrott Iron Company, and on the death of



his father-in-law, who was the superintendent
of the Peter Lorillard estate, now Tuxedo
Park, succeeded him to that position, which
he held for over fifty years. He was a mem-
ber of Goshen Lodge, Free and Accepted
Masons, of New York. He married Maria,
daughter of Benjamin and Maria M.
(Schultz) Van Schaick. Children: 1. J.
Frank, born in 1862 ; now living at Towanda,
Pennsylvania ; married Mary Reed. 2. Charles
S., referred to below. 3. Maria, born in 1866;
married C. S. Chapman, of Ridgewood, New
Jersey. 4. Fanny, born in 1876; married
Thomas G. Barbour, of Ridgewood, New
Jersey.

(11) Charles S., son of Josiah and Maria
(\'an Schaick) Patterson, was born in Tux-
edo Park, Orange county. New York, January
25, 1864, and is now living there. He received
his education in the common schools of
Orange county, and then became connected
with the Tuxedo Park Association, of which
his father was the superintendent. He was
assistant superintendent for twelve years, and
when his father died he succeeded to his
father's position as superintendent, which he
has held ever since. He was a member of
Monroe Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons,
of New York, until the formation of Loril-
lard Lodge at Tuxedo, when he withdrew and
became a charter member of that body. He
is a member of Suffern Chapter, Newburg
Commandery, Mecca Temple, of New York
City, a trustee of the Tuxedo Free Library,
and director of the Goshen National Bank of
Orange County, of the Erie & Montgomery
railroad, of the Goshen and Deckcrstown
railroad, of the Tuxedo Park Association, of
the Tuxedo Electric Light Company. He is
a Republican in politics, and has served and
still is supervisor of the town of Tuxedo, a
position he has held for fifteen years. He
married Edith, born in 1874, daughter of
George W. Dater, of Sloatsburg. Child, Mary
Van Schaick.



This rather prevalent and beautiful
ROSE surname is not easy to account for.

The rose has in all ages been re-
garded as the "Queen of Flowers", and as
such has ever been associated with poetrv and



Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 59 of 95)