Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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symbolism. It may have become a surname
from the device of the original bearer whether



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



315



displayed upon a patrician banner or on a sign
post. Salverte mentions a noble family of
i-'oland in tne twelfth century who were
known to have adopted their surname, Rose,
from the device on their shield, and he ad-
duces other instances of a similar practice.
The Roses of Nairnshire, Scotland, settled
there from the time of Alexander Hi., origi-
nally wrote themselves De Roos, signifymg
something of a Dutch origin. Hugh Rose, ot
Geddes, by marriage with the heiress of Byset,
acquired the lands of Kilravock, and had a
crown charter of the barony from King John
Baliol. The water-Bougets, borne by tne an-
cient Lords De Roos of Hamlake. are found
in the arms of many families of Ross and
Rose, showing at least a presumed community
of origin and name. In the Hundred Roll of
England we find De La Rose, uie meaning of
which is not clear. In the same record Eil'
Rose is also met with, so that Rose rnust have
been a personal name. In Ireland and often
in Scotland Rose and Ross are in many cases
derived from the ancient surname, O'Ruis,
anglicized Ross and Rush (see "O'Hart's
Pedigrees", vol. I). To Ross is attributed
other origins. In Doomesday Book there was
in Kent, England, a tenant called Anschibil de
Ros, and in Buckinghamshire another named
Ansgobus de Ros. These probably came from
Ros, a commune in the arrondissement of
Caen, France. It is sometimes of local British
origin. The barons Ros or Rose of Hamlake,
county Yorkshire, England, sprang from one
Peter, who in the reign of Henry I., assumed
his surname from the lordship of Ros. There
are several towns in North and South Britain
of the name of Ross, and surnames, Ross and
Rose, have sometimes been derived from these,
which are probably from the Gaelic or Erse
word "Ros", meaning "a promontorv"". In
some cases the name had reference to the com-
plexion of the original bearer and may have
been a modification of the word meaning "red"
in various languages, as, Le Rous, Rufus,
Ruadh. There is no doubt that in many cases
Rose is simply a modification of Ross. Fer-
guson claims that Ross is Teutonic in origin,
deriving it from Old Saxon "hros". Old
Norse, "hross", etc., meaning "a Horse".
Skene maintains, however, that the name is
Gaelic in origin. "It is well known", he says,
"that the surname Ross has always been ren-
dered in Gaelic, Clan Aurias, or Clan Gille



Aurias". Here in America both Ross and
Rose are often derived from the Dutch sur-
names, Roosa and Roos. It is not improbable
that Rose, in the case of the family here dealt
with, is derived from one of these Dutch sur-
names, the tradition being that it is of Holland
descent.

(i) Jacob Rose was born about the tinu
of the revolutionary war, and was an agricul-
turist of Ulster county, New York. Little is
known regarding the details of his life, but
he was a successful farmer, and was a man
of character and ability. He gathered to-
gether a considerable competency, as repre-
sented in the property he owned, and engaged
to some extent in various commercial pursuits.

(II) John, son of Jacob Ro.se, was born in
Ulster county. New York, in the early years
of the nineteenth century, died at Poughkeep-
sie, Dutchess county. New York, at the age
of seventy-nine. He owned a goodly number
of acres, operated a farm, and at the samo
time carried on the work of a blacksmith's
shop. He married Sybil, born in Ulster coun-
ty, New York, daughter of John Beaver. John
Beaver was one of the proprietors of the
town of Esopus, New York, and was a very
wealthy man in his day. He married a Miss
Clark, who came from an old New England
family. Mrs. Rose, who was a devout mem-
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church, died at
the age of eighty-two. Children : Hilend,
Oscar, Sally, John C, mentioned below, Reu-
ben, Benjamin, Levi, Frances.

(III) John C, third son of John and Sybil
(Beaver) Rose, was born at Esopus, Ulster
county, New York, October 4, 1828, died in
1896. He was one of the leading examples
of the self-made men of Orange county, and
was proprietor of the village and brickyards
of Roseton, which were situated about six
miles north of the city of Newburg on the
West Shore railroad. His success was large-
ly the result of his idea that barges for trans-
portinsj brick could be constructed in a cheap
and easy manner, and this plan he successfully
carried into effect. He owned sixteen brick
machines and had a bank of the finest clay for
the purpose. He was educated at the district
schools of his home neighborhood. He con-
tinued to reside in Dutchess county until 1865,
when he removed with his family to Haver-
straw, where he embarked in the manufacture
of brick in partnership with his brother. Hi-



3i6



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



lend Rose. A year later he sold out his inter-
est and engaged in the construction of barges
for the transportation of brick. The first
barge thus made was called the "Silas G.
Mackay" and the second "Hilend C. Rose",
after which many others were built in rapid
succession. In the year 1875 Mr. John C.
Rose resumed the manufacture of brick at
Haverstraw where he had six machines, and
this plant he continued to operate uninter-
ruptedly until 18S2, in which year he sold out.
He was then compelled through failing health
to travel in Europe for part of a year, receiv-
ing great benefit. In the year 1883 he once
more embarked in business near Newburg,
where he purchased a large tract of land, buy-
ing out various parties, until he owned nearly
three hundred acres. His sixteen brick ma-
chines had a capacity of twenty-four thou-
sand bricks per day each, and the two en-
gines which ran the same were of one
hundred and one hundred and seventy
horse power respectively. On an average
about forty million bricks were turned
out of the factory annually, the larger number
of them being shipped to New York City by
barges. After locating at Newburg Mr. Rose
secured a postofifice which was called in his
honor Roscton, and his son, Hilend C, was
appointed first postmaster. Another son, -Al-
bert, became an incumbent of the postoffice.
In 1884 the firm of Rose & Company was in-
corporated with a capital of ninety thousand
dollars, Mr. John C. Rose being president and
treasurer, and his son, Hilend C, being vice-
president and secretary. Mr. John C. Rose
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal
church in which he held various offices and
was superintendent of the Sunday school. He
was active in the ranks of the Prohibition
party; was a trustee of the national funds,
chairman of the county committee, and helped
to nominate candidates for different offices of
importance.

He married (first) Phoebe Myers, who died
in 1870, daughter of William Myers, a farmer
in the county. The marriaee took place in
1856 in Dutchess countv. New York. He
married (second) at Marlboro, Ulster county.
New York, in the year 1873, Martha, daughter
of John Pj. and Maud (Barclay) Railey. He
married (third) Martha Miller. Children by
first marriage: Addie J., married Dr. Seidler,
of Newark, New Jersey ; Albert Duane, de-



ceased, married Madeline Shurter; Hilend C,
mentioned below; Joseph H., mentioned below.
(IVj Hilend C, son of John C. anil Phoebe
(Myers) Rose, was born at Haverstraw, New
York, August 3, i860, died September 22,
1894, at Newburg, Orange county, New York.
He was educated in the public schools of
Haverstraw, and by a private tutor, Professor
Davison, of Yonkers. New York, an uncle of
his future wife. Early in life he became
associated with his father in the brick busi-
ness, and in 1883 he became a partner of his
father and began the manufacture of brick at
what is now Roseton. He was at one time
president of the company. He sold out his
interests in 1892 to the Rose family on account
of failing health. It was due largely to his
perseverance and skill that the business of
the company was built up to its high standard
at the time he retired in 1892. He was a
member of the Presbyterian church (Union)
at Newburg. and young as he was at the time
of his death was already a well known and
respected figure in his community. He mar-
ried. December 21,. i88g. Emma, daughter of
Dr. Benjamin and Margaret (West) Davison,
of Nyack, New York, where Dr. Davison was
a well known and prominent physician. There
were two children of the marriage: Sybil,
who died in infancy; Hilend Clark, who is
now attending the Hotchkiss School.

(IV) Joseph H.. youngest son of John C.
and Phoebe (Myers) Rose, was born at New
Hamburg, New York, September 2, 1865. He
was educated in the public schools of Haver-
straw, and at the Mountain Institute, Haver-
straw. He became associated with his father
early in life in the brick business and this con-
tinued until the death of his father in 1896,
when he succeeded him as president of the
firm. He continued in this cai)acity until
the year 1903, when he retired from
active business life. Mr. Joseph H. Rose
is a director of the Newburg National
Bank. He is a member of the City and Pow-
cllton clubs ; Hudson River Lod.ge, No. 607,
Free and Accepted Masons ; Highland Chap-
ter, No. 52, Royal Arch Masons; Hudson
River Commandery, No. 35, Newburg; and
the Elks, No. 247. Mr. Rose married. June
13. 189T. Mabel, daughter of Samuel Corwin,
of Marlboro, New York. There has been one
child of the marriage, Joseph H. Jr.



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



317



This surname is Ger-
RHINELANDER man in origin and in

its original form was
written "Rheinlander". Its obvious meaning
was "a native of the Rhincland", and it was
probably applied centuries ago to the original
bearer after he had emigrated from the region
around to some other German speaking part
of the European continent. It is quite easy

tto surmise how such a surname arose, being
i akin in its origin to family names in Germany
like "Englander", meaning "the Englishman",
"Spanier". meaning the "Spaniard", the
French "Allemand", meaning "the German",
and "Scott", meaning the "Gael", and so on.
It .is obvious that the name Rheinlander is
li German in origin, as the family lived on the
Rhine for centuries before the French an-
nexed it in the time of the Louis, and it could
only be a person bearing the distinct and
different national characteristics of that re-
gion. In the same way the surname "Scott"
though English itself must have been applied
in the case of the original bearer to one, who
thousfh living in England, had come from some
Gaelic speaking part of what is now the Unit-
ed Kingdom and bearing the characteristics of
the Gael, for through Roman and medireval
times the term "Scoti" or "Scots" was applied
to the inhabitants of Ireland and of Scotland
indiscriminately, the singular form "Scotus",
meanintj either "Irishman" or "Scotsman" in
old Latin. Names therefore like Rhinelander
and Scot, the one in German, and the other in
Enelish, have an exactly parallel origin, being
at first a sobriquet to distinguish a particular
individual, being then applied to his children,
and so becoming permanent and hereditary.
The name of Rhinelander has been conspicu-
ously identified with the past two hundred
years of New York's history.

(I) Philip Jacob Rhinelander, the first of
the Rhinelander family in this country, was
born near the town of Oberwesel, on the
Rhine, over which district France at that time
held sovereignty, and died about 17,^7. at New
Rochelle, Westchester county. New York. He
arrived in New York in the year i6?6, follow-
ing the troubles arising from the Revocation
of the Edict of Nantes, and finally settled in
New Rochelle, where he acquired considerable
property. His children were : Philin Jacob :
Bernard, among whose children were \\'illiam.
born in 1745. married Hester Devaux and had



a daughter called Mary Magdalen, and Jacob,
born October 27, 1740, dying without issue;
William, mentioned below.

(II) William, son of Philip J. Rhinelander,
was born in New Rochelle, Westchester coun-
ty. New York, in 1718, died in New York
City, in 1777, being buried in Trinity church-
yard. \\illiam Rhinelander established him-
self as a merchant in New York City, and he
is the ancestor of the members of the Rhine-
lander family who have been prominent. He
purchased and long resided in a house on
Spruce street upon land which is still in the
possession of the family and which is the old-
est Rhinelander property in New York. He
was in the shipping and real estate business,
and established the precedent of investing his
estate in city realty. He married Magdalen,
daughter of Stephen Renaud, of New Ro-
chelle

(III) William (2), son of William (i) and
Maedalcn (Renaud) Rhinelander, was born
in New York, in 1753, died in 1825. He was
the trustee of the family estate, and like his
ancestors and descendants was an extensive
land owner. He was his father's partner,
while the latter was in business, succeeding
him when he died, and continued his policy of
investing in city realty. In 1790 he purchased
the Cuyler sugar house in New York, which
was sold under forfeiture, having been used
as a British prison during the revolution, and
succeeded in adding- greatly to the family for-
tunes as a buyer of real estate. He married,
in 1785. Mary, daughter of Christopher and
Mary (Dyer) Robert, sister of Colonel Rob-
ert, a continental officer in the revolution, and
great-granddaughter of Daniel Robert and
Susanna (Du Gailean) Robert, Husruenots.
who emigrated to America in 1686. She was
also the aunt of Christopher Rhinelander Rob-
ert, who founded Robert College in Constanti-
nople. Children: A daughter, married Ho-
ratio Gates Steven-; : a daughter, married Rob-
ert T. Renwick; Philip, married Mary Colden
Hofifman ; William Christopher, mentioned be-
low. John Robert, married but left no issue;
Frederick William, whose son and grandson
of the same name were well known New
Yorkers ; Bernard, married Nancy Post.

(IV) \^■illiam Christopher, son of William
(2) and Mary (Robert) Rhinelander. was
born in New York in 1700, died in 1878. The
large estate which he inherited was greatly



3i8



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



increased by his skillful management and wis-
dom in making investments, his course being
to follow the family policy of holding and
improving city real estate. While the war of
1812 was going on he served as quartermaster
in Colonel Stevens' regiment, and was after-
wards lieutenant. When in New York he
resided at 14 Washington Square. He mar-
ried, in 1816, Mary, daughter of John and
Mary (Pixton) Rogers, and granddaughter of
John Rogers, who married Mary Davenport,
sister of Benjamin Franklin. Children: Alary
Rogers, married Lispenard Stewart ; Julia, re-
mained unmarried ; Serena, remained unmar-
ried ; William, mentioned below.

(V) William (3), only son of William
Christopher and Mary (Rogers) Rhinelander,
was born in New York, September 19, 1825.
He attended private schools, and afterwards
went to Columbia College, graduating from
that institution in 1845. He was long asso-
ciated with his father in the management of
the large vested interests of the family, and
after his father's death in 1876 he became the
trustee of the estate. He married, in 1853,
Matilda Cruger, daughter of Chief Justice
Thomas Jackson and Matilda ( Cruger)
Oakley. Judge Oakley was graduated from
Yale College, and in addition to holding
the position of chief justice of the superior
court of New York from 1850 until the date
of his death in 1858. had been a member of
congress in 1814-15, and again in 1828-29. He
was also elected attorney-general of the state
of New York in 1819, and was requested to
be a candidate for the presidency of the Unit-
ed States but declined. Judge Oakley's wife,
the mother of Mrs. William Rhinelander. was
the daughter of Henry Cruder, who was born
in New York in 173Q, died in 1827. Remov-
ing from New York to England he became
mayor of the city of Bristol in 1781. and was
twice a member of the British parliament for
that constituency, serving his terms between
1774 and 1784. During that time he had as
his colleague the celebrated Irish orator and
statesman, Edmund Burke, and with him op-
nosed the taxation of the American colonies.
Returning to New York in 1790. he became
a state senator in 1792. Henry Cruger was
the grandson of John Cruger, who came to
New York prior to 1700. and was a notable
merchant of New York and mayor of the city
from 1739 to 1744, marrying Maria, daughter



of Major Hendrick Cuyler, of Albany, who
served in the French and Indian war. The
children of William and Matilda Cruger (Oak-
ley) Rhinelander: i. Thomas Jackson Oak-
ley, born January 15, 1858; he was bred to
the law, graduating from Columbia College
in 1878, and from Columbia Law School in
1880; he made, however, no effort at prac-
ticing his profession, confining himself to the
care of the Rhinelander Estates and Real Es-
tate Company ; he is a member of the Union
Turf and Field. Metropolitan and Country
clubs, and the Columbia College .Mumni Asso-
ciation. He is or has been president of the
Delta Phi Club, vice-president of the Seventh
Regiment Veteran. League, a governor of t]ie
Seventh Regiment Club, historian general of
the .Society of Colonial Wars, and a member
of the Seventh Regiment, the Society of the
Sons of the Revolution. Foreign A\'ars. Colo-
nial Order and Huguenot Society of .Xmerica.
and the St. Nicholas societies. He married, in
1894. Edith Cruger, daughter of Charles Ed-
win and Letitia (Campbell) Sands, and has a
son, Philip Rhinelander. 2. Philip, mentioned
below.

(VT) Philip, junior son of William (3) and
Matilda Cruger (Oakley) Rhinelander. was
born October 8. 1865. in New York City. He
was graduated from Columbia College in 1882.
He studied law to enable him to safely man-
age his estate. He has traveled extensively,
and is a member of many corporation and
philanthropic boards. In company with his
elder brother, he purchased the ancient castle
of Schoenbersr-on-the-Rhine. near Oberwessel.
overlooking the old town, and in close vicinity
to the lands owned by their ancestors. This
castle is on the site of a Roman fortress built
by Julius Cajsar. It has suffered much from
the lapse of time and the wars of many cen-
turies, having been commenced as far back as
A. D. 951. Mr. Rhinelander is a member of
numerous clubs, including the L^nion, Down-
town. Calumet. l'>a(lminton. St. Elmo. Bal-
tusrol Ciolf and .\iuoniobile Club of .\merica.
He is a member of the Huguenot Society,
Sons of the Revolution, Society of the War of
181 2, St. Nicholas Society, and Society of
Foreign Wars. His home is on East 33th
street. New York City, and he maintains an
office on William street. He married. .Vpril
II. 1888. in New York Citv. Adelaide, born



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



319



November 9, 1866, in New York City, daugh-
ter of Isaac L. and Cornelia (Brady) Kip.



The name and family of Pot-
POTTER ter are supposed to be Norman

in origin. Ferguson says :
"It has been remarked that names derived from
trades are more common in France than England.
I should rather say it is the termination — er which
is more common, and that among the multitude of
names with this termination there are many which
accidentally coincide with names of trades. We
have in almost all cases, both in French and Eng-
lish, names which contain the roots and names
which form other compounds. Regarded from
this point of view French and English names mu-
tually throw great light on each other. When I
doubt whether Potter means a maker of pots it
very much strengthens my suspicion to find not
only a French Pottier, but also Potiere with a
corroborative termination."

If the various families of Potter who settled
in this country were connected at all, it must
have been very remotely in their ancestry,
coming, as they did, from widely distant local-
ities. The census of 1774 shows in Rhode
Island Potters, five hundred and eight-nine
(probably many of these were slaves) in a
total population of -fifty-four thousand four
hundred and sixty.

( I ) Robert Potter, the founder and immi-
grant ancestor of the Potter family in Amer-
ica here dealt with, came from Coventry, Eng-
land, in 1634. He was made a freeman of
the Massachusetts Plantation, September 3.
1634. He is mentioned first as being a farmer
at Lynn, Massachusetts, and as removing,
probably to Roxbury, soon after being made a
freeman of the colony. The records mention
his first trouble with his church at Roxbury,
which finally resulted in the necessity of his
leaving the colony, which he did, and settled
in Portsmouth, Rhode Island. At this time
Robert Potter had become a follower and
friend of Samuel Gorton, the ereat religious
di



Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 60 of 95)