Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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closure. The earliest ancestors were lords of
the manor of Stockton, which they held under
the barony of Malpas. Stockton manor is in
the town of Malpas. Cheshire countv, Eng-
land, and it is known that David de Stockton
inherited it from his father in the year 1250.
One of his descendants. Sir Richard Stockton,
was knighted on the field by King Edward IV. ;
his son, John Stockton, was lord mayor of



London in 1470 and 1471 ; and a Sir Edward
Stockton was vicar of the church at Cookham
in Berkshire, and a leader during one of the
early expeditions to the Holy Land. John
Stockton, Esq., was a gentleman of note, who
died in 1700, as was also one Owen Stockton,
who died in 1610.

The arms of the family are : Gules. A chev-
ron vaire, argent and azure, between three
mullets, or. Crest: A lion rampant, support-
ing an Ionic pillar. Motto: Omnia Deo Pen-
dent : All depends on God. These arms were
engraved on the silver brought over to Amer-
ica by the immigrant ancestors in the old colo-
nial days.

The first person of the name of Stockton
who came to this country was the Rev. Jonas
Stockton, M. A., who with his son, Timothy,
then aged fourteen years, came to Virginia in
the ship "Bona Nova," in 1620. He was for
many years incumbent of the parishes of Eliz-
abeth City and Bermuda Hundred, and be-
came the progenitor of numerous descendants,
many of whom have become distinguished.
The next Stockton to emigrate from England
was, according to Hotten's "Lists," Thomas
Stockton, aged twenty-one, who sailed from
London for Boston in the ship "True Love,"
September 16, 1635. Of him nothing more
is known. Finally came Richard Stockton, the
founder of the New Jersey family. The de-
scendants of the original stock have spread
throughout the entire country, from the Great
Lakes to the gulf and from sea to sea, and in-
clude eminent men in all the walks of life.
There are at this time in the United States
twenty-one towns of the name of Stockton,
from those in Maine and Massachusetts to the
larsrest of all. in California, which was named
in honor of the commodore.

(T) Richard Stockton, immigrant ancestor
of this family in .America, is found in Charles-
town, Massachusetts, as early as 1639, where'
he is witness to a deed. The next reference
to him is among the original patentees named
in the charter of the town of Flushing, Long
Island, where he appears to have been a prom-
inent man and is rated among the well-to-do
citizens of the place. He was commissioned
lieutenant of horse of Flushing. Anril 22,
1665. and declined, with the consent of Gover-
nor Nicholls. an election to the same position
in the foot guards He took a prominent part
in the controversies between the town and



326



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



Governor Peter Stuyvesant on religious mat-
ters, and became converted to the tenets of
the Society of Friends, after which he removed
to Springfield township, Burlington county,
New Jersey. Here he purchased about two
thousand acres of land, on January 30, 1690,
from George Hutchinson, and resided on this
estate, known as Annanicken, until his death
at an advanced age in September, 1707. His
wife, Abigail, survived him, and was living at
late as April 14, 17 14. when she conveyed some
property to her sons. Children : Richard,
mentioned below; John, born in 1674; Job,
Abigail, Mary. Sarah, Hannah, Elizabeth, born
1680.

(H) Richard (2), son of Richard ( i) and
Abigail Stockton, probably born in England
and accompanying his parents to America, re-
moved with them also to Flushing and after-
ward to New Jersey, where he resided first in
Springfield township and later on at Piscat-
away. In August, 1696, he purchased from
Dr. John Gordon a tract of four hundred acres
of land on the north side of Stony Brook,
which includes all of what is now the campus
of Princeton University and the grounds of
the Theological Seminary. In T701 he pur-
chased from William Penn for the sum of nine
hundred pounds an estate of about six thou-
sand acres on Stony Brook, of which the pres-
ent city of Princeton is nearly the center. A
portion of his estate. Mnrven. built bv him in
T/Oi. has remained in the family to the pres-
ent day and is now the residence of his de-
scendant, Mr. Bayard Stockton. By reason of
his laree possessions and his unblemished
character, Richard Stockton held an impor-
tant place among the earlv settlers. On No-
vember 8, T6f)T. he married at the Chesterfield
Friends' monthly meetine. Susanna, daughter
of Robert and Ann Witham, and widow of
Thoma": Rnbinson. She was born November
29, 1668. di^d in April, T749. having survived
her second husband and married again to
Judp^e Thomas Leonard, of Princeton. Rich-
ard Stockton died in Julv. 1700. Children, all
born at Piscatawav: Richard, born 1603;
Samuel. 1605; Toseph, 1607; Robert. 1699;
John mentioned below. Thomas. 170^.

(IIP) lohn. son of Richard (2) and Susan-
na ("Witham-Rohinson) .Stockton, was born
at Piscatavvay, New Jersev. .^uc■ust to. 1701,
died in 17^8. He inherited Morven. and was
instrumental in securing to Princeton the col-



lege of New Jersey; he was a member of the
Presbyterian church. On February 21, 1729,
he married Abigail, daughter of Philip and
Rebecca (or Hannah) (Stockton) Phillips, his
cousin. She was born October 9, 1708, lived
at Maidenhead, died September 15, 1757. John
Stockton died May 20, 1758. Children : Rich-
ard, mentioned below ; Sarah, John, Hannah,
married Elias Boudinot ; Abigail, Susanna,
John, Philip. Rebecca, Samuel \\'itham. born
1751. Hon. Elias Boudinot, husband of Han-
nah Stockton, mentioned above, was one of
the most distinguished men of his time and a
great philanthropist. He was president of the
continental congress, commissary-general of
prisoners during the revolution, and director
of the mint. He was also eminent as a law-
yer in New Jersey, having read law with
Richard Stockton, "the Signer." After the
war he was elected to the first, second and
third congresses, having been one of the sign-
ers of the treaty of peace with England. He
was author of a number of political and re-
ligious books and was vcrv wcalthv. He was
born in Philadelphia, of Huguenot descent, in
1740, and died at Burlington, in 1821. leaving
an only daughter.

(IV) Richard (3). son of John and .Abi-
gail (Phillips) Stockton, was born at Prince-
ton, New Jersey, October 3. 1730, died Febru-
ary 28. 1781. He was known as the "Signer."
having been one of those who signed the Dec-
laration of Independence, and was a member
of the continental congress. His studies were
pursued first at the .'\cademy of Nottingham,
Maryland, and later at the college of New
Jersey, where he was graduated with the first
class, in 1748. He then studied law with
David Ogden in Newark, and was admitted
to the bar in I75;4- He was a judee of the
supreme court and a member of the king's
council for New Jersev. before the revolution,
and having espoused the cause of the colonists
became one of the most prominent and influ-
ential men of the time. He married Annis
Boudinot. sister of Elias Boudinot. his brother-
in-law, as previously mentioned. Annis Bou-
dinot Stockton was a woman of remarkable
culture and wit, a writer of graceful verse,
and a friend and correspondent of General
Washington, whom she warmly culocjized.
Children : Richard, mentioned below ; Lucius
Horatio: Julia, married Dr. Baniamin Rush.
in April, 1777; Susan, married Alexander



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



327



Cuthbert, of Canada ; Mary ; Abigail. Dr.
Benjamin Rush, husband of JuHa Stockton,
mentioned above, was one of the most
eminent men that this country has ever
produced. He was born in Pennsyl-
vania, in 1745, a descendant of John
Rush, one of Cromwell's soldiers who came
to America in 1683. Dr. Rush graduated at
Princeton in 1760, studied medicine under Dr.
John Redman, of Philadelphia, and in 1768
was graduated from the medical department of
the University of Edinburg. He became ac-
quainted with Benjamin Franklin and settled
in Philadelphia, becoming in the course of time
the most eminent physician of his day. He
was a most distinguished patriot, a signer of
the Declaration of Independence, and surgeon-
general of the continental army. He became a
member of the constitutional convention and
was appointed treasurer of the United States
mint. He founded Dickinson College and the
Philadelphia Dispensary, and was a noted phi-
lanthropist ; his publications were numerous,
and some of them were standard works for
many years. Dr. Rush died in Philadelphia in
the year 1813, leaving two sons, who also at-
tained distinction.

(Y) Richard (4), son of Richard (3) and
Annis (Boudinot) Stockton, was born April
17, 1764, died at Princeton, March 7, 1828.
He was graduated from Princeton in 1779. and
studied law at Newark with his uncle, the
Hon. Elias Boudinot. At the age of twenty-
five he stood at the head of the New Jersey
bar, and maintained that position for forty
years. In politics he was a Federalist. He
was presidential elector in 1792 and 1801, and
in 1796 was elected to the United States sen-
ate, filling the unexpired term of Frederick
Frelinghuysen and serving until March 3.
1799. He also served one term in the lower
house of congress from 1813 to 1815, declining
re-election to both offices. He was an eloquent
speaker and an exceptionally able common
lawyer, and was consulted by eminent lawyers
from other states. His wife was Mary, daugh-
ter of Robert and Mary (Peale) Field, of
Burlington county. New Jersey. She was born
October 10, 1766, died December 25, 1837.
Children: Mary Field, born February i, 1790,
married William Harrison and died in August,
1865; Richard, 1791 ; Julia, 1793; Robert
Field, mentioned below; Horatio, 1797; Car-



oline, 1799; Samuel Witham, 1801 ; William
Bradford, 1802; Annis, 1804.

(VI) Commodore Robert Field Stockton,
son of Richard (4) and Mary (Field) Stock-
ton, was born at Princeton, August 20, 1795,
died there October 7, 1866. He studied at
Princeton, but left school and entered the
navy upon the outbreak of the war with Great
Britain. He received a commission as mid-
shipman, September i, 181 1, and joined the
frigate "President," under Commodore Rod-
gers, at Newport, going on a cruise in which
many perils were encountered and many, Brit-
ish vessels captured. He won the title of
"Fighting Bob," and covered himself with
glory. Accompanying Commodore Rodgers to
Baltimore he found himself in command of
three hundred sailors in defence of that city.
For his services at Baltimore he was highly
commended and was promoted to the rank of
lieutenant. September 9, 1814. He cruised in
the Mediterranean and fought a duel with a
British officer at Gibraltar. He became inter-
ested in the American Colonization Society,
and visited Africa to acquire the land which'
became the Republic of Liberia. He was pro-
moted to the rank of post-captain ; and finally
became commodore, being commander-in-chief
of the land and sea forces at the conquest
of California, of which he became military
governor. Commodore Stockton was also in
after years United States senator from New
Jersey, and did much to improve the family
estates which he had inherited. He married
Harriet Maria, daughter of John Potter, of
Charleston, South Carolina, in 1823: she died
in 1862. Children: Richard, born 1824; John
Potter; Catherine Elizabeth; Mar\-, born 1830,
married Rear-Admiral John C. Howell ; Rob-
ert Field, mentioned below; Harriet Maria,
Caroline, Julia, Annis.

(Vin General Robert Field (2) Stockton,
son of Commodore Robert Field (i) and Har-
riet Maria (Potter) Stockton, was born Jan-
uary 22. 1832. died at Trenton, New Tersey,
May 5, 1898. He was graduated from Prince-
ton in 185 1, and three years later was ad-
mitted to the bar. On January 30, 1858, he
became brigadier-general, and was adjutant-
general of the state, which office he held until
April 12, 1867. when he resigned. In 1867 he
was brevetted major-eeneral. From 1877 to
1880 he was comptroller of New Jersey. In
1866 he became president of the Delaware



328



SOUTHERN NEW YORK



& Raritan Canal Company, holding that post
until 1872. He was a member of the military
order of the Loyal Legion of Pennsylvania,
and an honorary member of the New Jersey
Society of the Cincinnati. He married, Sep-
tember 7, 1852, Anna Margaretta Potter, of
Washington. D. C, who was born at Philadel-
phia, July 26, 1833. Children: Harriet Maria,
born September 30, 1854, married William
Lewis Dayton ; Anna Margaretta, born July
13, 1856, married at Trenton, New Jersey,
June 2, 1880, Moses Taylor Pyne (see Pyne
II) ; Mary Potter, born 1857, at Morven ; Rob-
ert Field, born i860, died 1864; Robert Field,
born June 9, 1864: Isis Yturbide, born 1868,
married George William Burleigh, of New
Hampshire; Sarah, born 1870, died 1871 ;
William Woodburn Potter, born 1872, died
1874.



The name has been variously
LUMMIS spelled Lummis, Lumas,
Lumus, Lomas, Loomes,
Loomis, Lummas and Lumis, by different
branches of this one family and throughout
the changes wrought by centuries. Its original
derivation is from the Welsh, "lom," meaning
bare, naked or exposed, and "niaes," a field,
therefore the significance is "the place in the
open field." The arms of the Lummis family,
as used by them in this country: Argent be-
tween two jjalets gules, three fleurs de lis
in pale sable, a chief azure. Crest : On a
chapeau a pelican vulning herself proper. Mot-
to : Ne cede inalis.

(I) Edward Lummis was the progenitor of
the family in America. He emigrated to this
country in 1635. Curiously there are two
entries in the records of his arrival, both bear-
ine date of the same year. 1635. In the "Suzan
and Ellin." 1635. came Edward Lumus. aged
twenty-four years, and in the "Elizabeth."
April 17, 1635. imbarqued for New England.
came Edward Loomes. aged twenty-seven.
Both ships sailed from the port of London.
England.

Edward Lummis made his home in Ins-
wich, Massachusetts, where he was soon called
into active military service in defending the
colony aeainst the Indian attacks. In 1637, the
Indian"; being frcatly feared by the colonists,
the military officers were ordered to maintain
watch and ward every dav, to cause all men to
bring their arms to the meeting-house, and



to see that no person traveled above a mile
from his dwelling, except where houses were
near together, without bearing some arms. At
last the summons to arms came in the war
against the Pequods. and in April, 1637, seven-
teen young men marched away, over the road
to Salem, to join the little army of valiant
fighters. Six more followed in May. Among
them was Edward Lumas. Upon the road they
engaged with some of the Pequods, and
pursued them until their ammunition gave out,
when they used their muskets as clubs. Two
of the Indians were killed and two of the party
of colonists were wounded. In 1041 Edward
Lumas appears in the town records of Ipswich
as a commoner. Under date of December 29,
1648, is recorded a list of those who subscribed
their names to allow Major Daniel Denison the
sum of £124-7 yearly so long as he shall be
their leader to encourage him in his military
helpfulness. Edward Lummis appears on the
list as a subscriber. On February 7, 1653,
Edward Lummis made his mark as a witness
to the will of Mark Quilter, of Ipswich. In
March, 1659, Edward Lomase brought a suit
against Cajitain William Traske for taking
possession of and selling twenty acres of land
beloneing to nlaintifF, which suit was later
withdrawn. Edward Lomas appears as a mem-
ber of the grand jury at the court held at Ips-
wich. .Sentember 2=;. 1660.

In 1661 Edward Lomas served as the con-
stable of Ipswich, and the same year he was
given liberty to fell two white oak trees. He
also served as constable there in the succeeding
year. In 1664 he owned a share and a half in
Plum island. On March 22. 1660. Edward
Lummas, aeed about fifty-eisrht years, deposed
that Goodman Wood, the baker, came to him
and asked whether he had seen a heifer, and
he replied: "I wi'l tell you how you may
know her by this: If yon com neare and hold
out ynur hand to her, the heifer will com to
vou. for I used to pive her Bis Cake," which
deponent did, and she came to him. When
caid Wood took the heifer, he told dopenent
that if anybody had a better c'aim. he would
pive her up. Sworn in court. This deposition
was made in connection with the case of
Obadiah Wood vs. Richard Kimball for tres-
pa«



Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 62 of 95)