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Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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the end of which time he purchased a house at
415 Broome street. He owned a farm on
the old Bloomingdale road from 83d to io6th
street, where he lived in 1800 and where
afterwards his family spent their summers.
He gave the land on which St. Michael's
Church was built, and was one of the origi-
nal pew holders, occupying one of the two
large bo.x pews. He was a vestryman of
St. Michael's from 1807 to 1813, from 1813
to 1815 was a warden, and treasurer from
1810 to 1815. The early vestry meetings
were usually held at his house in Wall
street. On April t. 1823. he was elected a
vestryman of St. George's Church, and was
its senior warden for several years. He was
also a vestryman of St. Thomas' Church ;
his pew there was No. 138. He gained a
reputation by his production of a book "The
Insurance .^djuster". written in 1825 and
reprinted in several editions. The following
extract is from the Ad-rcrtiscr of September
17, 1832:

'It is with deep regret we announce the sud-
den decease of Oliver Hewlett Hicks, president
of the Farmers' Loan and Insurance Company.
Mr. Hicks has been in delicate and rather feeble
health for some time past, but was able to at-
tend to the laborious duties of his office. He
was able to attend church three times on Sunday,
and went to bed in the evening in better health
and spirits than usual. .Kt. throe o'clock yester-
day morning he was seized with cholera, and so
rapid was the disease that hi? feeble constitution
sunk rapidly and he expired at six o'clock last
evening. For the last forty years Mr. Hicks has



been one of the most active business men in
Wall street, and for a number of years has en-
joyed the confidence of the merchant community
in adjusting marine losses. No person was more
deservedly esteemed in private life, and in special
business in which he was engaged none had at-
tained a higher reputation. His loss to his af-
flicted family and numerous circle of friends is
irreparable. The death of so valuable a member
of society may be truly considered a public loss."
He married, in 1800. Julia, daughter of
Samuel and Anne (Hubbard) Bush, of
Greenwich, Connecticut, where she was
born July 4, 1784. dying March 21, 1871.
Children : John Augustus, mentioned be-
low; Samuel Bush, born August 13, 1804;
Mary A., March 4, 1807; Charlotte A., De-
cember 10. 1809; Julia B., August 15, 1812;
Matilda, April s, 181 S: Oliver H., January
I, 1818: Maria B., March 18, 1821 ; William
H., January 30, 1824; Samuel B., May 3,

(Vni) John Augustus, son of Oliver
Hewlett and Julia (Bush) Hicks, was born
at No. 54 Wall street. New York, February
21, 1802, and died at Burlington, Vermont,
November 4, i86q. He was graduated from
Columbia College, New York, in 1823, and
from the General Theological Seminary in
1826. He was ordained deacon by the Right
Rev. John Henry Hobart, in Grace Church,
Jamaica, New York, August 22, 1826, and
became assistant to the Rev. Evans M.
Johnson in Jamaica and Brooklyn, and rec-
tor of Trinity Church, Easton, April i, 1827.
His ministry in Easton was very successful.
He was ordained to the priesthood by Bish-
op White of Pennsylvania, in Christ Church,
Philadelphia, May 28. 1828. In April, 1831,
he accepted a call to St. John's Church,
Troy, New York, and resigned in January,
1832, on being called to Rutland, Vermont.
He was rector of Rutland for twenty-eight
years, and the parish under his care became
one of the largest in Vermont. He received
the degree of D. D. both from the University
of Vermont and Middleburv College in 1847,
and also ad cuudcin from Trinitv College in
1849. The high esteem in which his char-
acter and services were held bv the clergy
and laity of the diocese is clearly shown by
the frequency with which they elected him
to the highest offices in their gift. He was
elected in 1836 a trustee of the newly or-
ganized Vermont Episcopal Institute. His
voice lost its power in i860, and he resigned

from his parish to accept the Willoughby
professorship in the Institute. As a preach-
er his style was clear, logical and terse, and
always clothed in classical English. He
preached last on Sunday, October 17, 1869,
in Milton, Vermont, and was taken ill on
his return Monday, and died on Wednesday,
November 4, 1869. He married Lucy,
daughter of George and Catey (Caldwell)
Cleveland, at Middlebury, Vermont, Sep-
tember II, 1828; she died August 6, i860.
Children : William Cleveland (q. v.) ; Julia
Bush, January 20, 183 1, died October 13,
1873; Marriette Kieth, July 4, 1832; James
Milnor, June 25, 1834, died August 2, 1910;
George Cleveland, April 20, 1836; Henry
Hubbard, May 20, 1838, died June 12, 1872;
John Augustus, mentioned below: Kate
Caldwell, October 17, 1844, died April, 1911,
and Oliver Hewlett, June 11, 1849.

(IX) John Augustus (2), son of John
Augustus (i) and Lucy (Cleveland) Hicks,
was born at Rutland, Vermont. January 13,
1842, and died June 10. 191 1, at the home
of his son, Arthur W. Hicks, at Millington,
New Jersey. He enlisted for three j'cars
August 5. 1862, as a private in Company B,
Tenth Vermont Volunteers. He ser\-ed with
distinction for three years in the war of the
rebellion, and after being severely wounded
was mustered out as major by brevet for dis-
ability, after going through every intermediate
rank. He was mentioned on several occa-
sions in general and special orders for espe-
cial bravery, serving most of his time as a
staff officer. He then entered the machinery
business in New York City, making his
home in Summit, New Jersey, doing- much
for the development of that town through
real estate and building operations, and in-
venting many machines and devices in the
art of carbonated beverages and vessel
closures. He married, September 22. 1868,
Caroline A., daughter of Marcius and Fran-
ces (Pierpont) Willson. who survives him.
Children: .\rthur Willson. born August \-K.
i860: Helen Cleveland. July iS. 1872: Eve-
Ivn Pierpont, mentioned below : and Julia
Carolyn. July 20. 1870.

(X) Evelvn Pierpont. son of John .Xugus-
tus (2) and Caroline .V. (Willson") Hicks, was
born at Summit. New Jersev. November 9,
1874. He received his preliminary educa-
tion at private schools, later taking the



course at the Summit Military Academy.
Afterwards he engaged in business pursuits
in New York City, eventually becoming
identified with various real estate interests.
He is president of the Lackawanna Realty
Company. Mr. Hicks is prominent in so-
ciety and is a member of the Calumet Club
of New York, of which he is also a gov-
ernor; the St. Nicholas Club of New York;
Amateur Comedy Club of New York ; the
Larchmont Yacht Club, Baltusrol Golf Club,
Canoe Brook County. Club, and Highland
Club of Summit. He married, November 8,
1005. Edith, daughter of Henry J. and Mary
(Black) Burchell, of New York, who died
February 12, 191 i.

(TX) William Cleveland Hicks,
inCKS son of John Augustus Hicks (q.
v.) and Lucy (Cleveland) Hicks,
was born in New York City, July 21, 1829,
and died in Summit, New Jersey, October
iQ, 1885. He received his education in
Rutland and Middlcbury, Vermont, and
gr-duated at Trinity College. Hartford,
Connecticut, B. A., 1848, and M. A.. 1851.
He was the inventor of the first automatic
cartridge ejector, and of the Hicks four-cyl-
inder engine, as well as a great number of
other inventions. He was a patent expert
in scientific cases, a civil, mechanical and
electrical engineer. For some 3'ears he was
a lecturer on mechanics at Trinity College.
In politics he was a Republican and attended
the Protestant Episcopal Church, officiating
as senior warden of Calvary Parish, at Sum-
mit, New Jersey ; deputy to the general con-
vention of the Episcopal Church ; president
of the Laymen's Association. Diocese of
Newark : president of the Citizen's Associa-
tion of Summit. New Jersey. He resided
at various periods in New York City; Rut-
land. Vermont ; Hartford, Connecticut ; Bos-
ton, Brooklyn and Summit. Although a lay-
man, about fifty of the clergy and two
bishops were at his funeral. He married,
June T, 1854, Birmingham. Connecticut.
Emily Norwood, daughter of Charles and
Catherine (Burlock) De Forest, who was
born in New York City, October 20, 18,^5.
and died in \'inevard Haven, Massachu-
setts. April 21, 1898. She was educated at
tlie Troy Female .\cademy. known at that
time as the Emma Willard School. She was

a lady of many accomplishments and much
ability, and took part in a number of move-
ments for the public good. She was presi-
dent of the Woman's Auxiliary of the Board
of Missions, Diocese of Newark, New Jer-
sey; president of the Woman's \'illage Im-
provement Association, of Summit, New
Jersey ; and previously resided in New York
City, Pottsville, Pennsylvania; Derby and
Hartford, Connecticut: Boston, Brooklyn,
and Summit. Children: i. Lucy Cleveland,
born in Hartford, Connecticut, Alarch 8,
1855, died in Vineyard Haven, Massachu-
setts, May 21, 1897. 2. Emily De Forest,
born in Hartford, Connecticut, July 25, 1857,
died there August 13, 1857. 3. Helen De For-
est, born in Hartford. Connecticut. May 7,
1859, died there June 11. i860. 4. George
Cleveland, born in Boston, Massachusetts. Jan-
uary 27 1861, died in Brooklyn. March 14,

1864. 5. Edith Norwood, born in Brooklyn,
November 18, 1864, died there September 23,

1865. 6. Norwood De Forest, born in Sum-
mit, New Jersey, 1872. died there in 1876. 7.
William Cleveland, born in Summit. New
Jersey, January 31, 1866: married at St.
John, New Brunswick, Canada, November
17, 1897, Jennie Margaret Hughes, who was
born in Gagetown, daughter of Benjamin
Nunn and Margaret (Good) Hughes. 8. De
Forest, of whom further.

(X) De Forest, son of William Cleveland
and Emily Norwood (De Forest) Hicks,
was born at Summit, New Jersey. October
.30, 1875. He received his education at St.
Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire,
and was graduated from Trinity College in
1896 with the desrree of Bachelor of .^rts.
He is in the banking Iiusiness in New York
City. He belongs to \'etcran Company K of
the Seventh Regiment, and is secretary of
the St. Nicholas Club.

(The Cleveland I. inc. "I
There has licen much controversy among
those interested regarding the proper
orthography of the surname Cleveland. The
signature of Moses Cleveland, of Woburn,
Massachusetts, as a subscribing witness.
December 8, 1662, to a certificate, would
certainly indicate that the ancestor of the
Clcvelands of New England origin spelled
his own name Cleveland. On old \\'oburn
records the name is rendered Cleauland,



1648-82, 1692; Cleaveland, 1701 to 1704, and
Cleveland in 1702. In England from a very
early period the name has always been
spelled Cleveland, except in a few instances,
where it has been rendered Cleaveland or
Clevland. Certain branches and individuals
of the posterity of Moses Cleveland spell
the name Cleaveland. The name would seem
to be derived from Cleveland, North Riding,
Yorkshire, England, Thorkil de Cleveland
in 1066 being apparently the first to bear it.
(I) Moses or Moyses Cleveland or Cleave-
land, the common ancestor of the Cleve-
lands of New England origin, was prob-
ably born at Ipswich, England, about 1624,
and died at Woburn, January 9, 1701. He
came, it is thought, when a youth from
Ipswich, Suffolk county, England, and
sailed, according to a family tradition, from
London, arriving in America in 1635. He
first landed somewhere in Massachusetts,
probably either at Plymouth or at Boston.
John Cleveland wrote, in 1759: "My great-
grandfatlier's name was Moses Cleveland,
and he came from Ipswich to Sufifolk, Eng-
land. He was young when he came to New
England, and was an apprentice to a joiner,
and came here with his master. He settled
in Woburn, near Boston, married, and had
seven sons." He married, in Woburn, 1648,
Ann Winn. Children: Moses, born 1651;
Hannah, 1653; Aaron, mentioned below;
Samuel, 1657; Miriam, 1659; Joanna, 1661 ;
Edward, 1664; Josiah, 1666; Isaac, 1669;
Enoch, 1671.

(II) Aaron, son of Moses and Ann
(Winn) Cleveland, was born at Woburn,
Massachusetts, January 10, 1654, and died
at Woburn, September 14, 1716. He was a
soldier in the King Philip's war, as were also
his brothers Moses and Samuel. He was
made a freeman in 1680, and became prom-
inent in all affairs at Woburn. He was a
housewright by trade, though he also en-
gaged in farming and land speculating, be-
ing known as a man of distinction in the
town and wealthy. He married (first) at
Woburn, September 26, 1675, Dorcas,
daughter of John and Hannah (Jones) Wil-
son ; (second) Prudence . Children:

Dorcas, born 1676; Hannah, 1678; Aaron,
mentioned below; Hannah, 1687, married
a Beard; Moses, 1689; Sarah, 1692; Miriam,

1694; Isabel, 1697; Ann, 1699; and Benja-
min, 1701.

(HI) Aaron (2), son of Aaron (i) and
Dorcas (Wilson) Cleveland, was born at
Woburn, Massachusetts, July 9, 1680, and
died in that part of Cambridge called Mys-
tic, now Medford, Massachusetts, in 1755.
He was a captain of militia, and lived in
Woburn till 1704, later in Medford and
Charlestown. He was admitted in 171 1 by
proof and baptism to Cambridge church,
and he was transferred in 1720 to Medford
church and received to communion in East
Haddam. He was a constable in 1717, an
office like that of a magistrate and con-
ferred usually on the best scholars and the
best men. lie kept a tavern at Cambridge,
on the western side of the Mystic river,
and was a builder and contractor. At East
Haddam he became prominent in the mil-
itary and was successively cornet, lieuten-
ant and captain. He married, at Woburn,
lanuarv i, 1701, Abigail Waters, born at
Woburn, November 29, T683, died probably
at Norwich, in 1761. Children: Samuel,
born 1704; Abigail, 1706; Dorcas, 1708;
Josiah, 1713; Aaron, mentioned below;
John; Moses, 1719; and Mary, 1724.

(IV) Aaron (3), son of Aaron (2) and
Abigail (Waters) Cleveland, was born at
Charlestown, October 19, 1715, and died at
Philadelphia, Penn.sylvania, August II,
1757. He was a clergyman and a character
of considerable note. 'He entered Harvard
in 1731 and was graduated in 1733. He was
a large, powerful man, it is said, and excel-
lent in all exercises requiring strength and
agility. It is not known where he studied
theology. He probably preached his first
sermon at Medford. He was ordained min-
ister of the Strict Congregational Church,
Haddam Society, July. 17.W. He became
an Episcopalian, and took his family m 1754
to Norwich, where his widowed mother re-
sided He married, August 4. I7.^6, Susan-
nah Porter, born at Medford, April 26, 1710.
Children: Susanna: Stephen,
1738- Aaron, mentioned below; Dorcas,
1740'; William, 1742; George. 174'^; ^^ar-
garet, 1748; Lucy, 1749; Abigail, 1751; t-''^"
abeth, 1752. / n „„j

(V) Aaron (4). Pon of Aaron (3) and
Susannah (Porter) Cleveland, was born m
1738 at Medford, and died at New Haven,



Connecticut, September 21, 1815. He was
one of the most prominent characters of the
Cleveland family. He was apprenticed to a
hatter at Haddam. While learning his trade
he devoted all his leisure to study, and when
nineteen wrote a poem that is still pub-
lished. He married (first) Abiah Hyde;
(second) Elizabeth Breed. Children:
George, mentioned below ; William, born
1770; Charles, 1772; Frank, 1774; Aaron,
1778; Lucy, 1787; Stephen, 1792; Jeremiah,
1794: Abiah Hyde, 1796.

(VI) George, son of Aaron (4) and Abiah
(Hyde) Cleveland, was born January 9,
1769, and died at Middlebur}^ Vermont,
February 2, 1851. He lived first at Nor-
wich, Connecticut, where he entered into
partnership with his father and commenced
the manufacture of hats. In one week their
manufactory was burned in a great fire.
George removed to Guilford, where he car-
ried on the business and resided there till
1808, when he gave up his business and
removed to Middlebury, \^ermont. There
he was a merchant and postmaster for
twenty years. He was appointed United
States tax collector and was elected member
of the Vermont legislature from Weybridge.
He married Catey Caldwell, born at Guil-
ford. August 29, 1776, daughter of Samuel
and Rachel (Ranna) Guilford. Children :
Catherine, born 1792; Samuel, born 1794;
Marietta, 1796; George, 1797: Sarah, 1799;
.Samuel. i8oi ; Susan, 1802 ; Charles, 1804;
Lucy, mentioned below; William, born
1809; Aaron Porter, 1809; Edward Henrv.

(VII) Lucy, daughter of George and Catey
rCaldwell) Cleveland, was born at Guilford.
Connecticut. January 12, 1806, and died at
Rutland, X'ermont. .'\ugust 10. 1860. .She
married, at Middleburj'. \''ermont. Septem-
ber 28. 1828, Rev. John Augustus Hicks,
born in New York Citv. Februarv 22, 1802,
and dicfl at Rurlineton, Vermont, November 4,
1869. son of Oliver Hewlett and Julia
(Bush) Hicks. (See Hicks).

John Reynolds (i), pro-

REYNOLDS genitor of this branch of

the family, is supposed to

have sailed from the port of London — i. e.,

Ipswich. England, in 1633. .Sarah Reynolds

(his wife), aged 20, was a passenger on the

ship "Elizabeth," which sailed from Ipswich
"bound for New England the last of April,

Among the passengers were many who set-
tled at \\'atertown, Massachusetts, and sub-
sequently removed to Weathersfield and Stam-
ford, Connecticut, but John Reynolds was not
among them. John Reynolds was admitted a
freeman of Watertown, May 6, 1635. Robert,
his brother, had been admitted Sejitember 3,

Sir Richard Saltonstall, together with a
body of Pilgrims or Separatists, had founded
Watertown, Massachusetts, where a church
was "gathered'' under Phillips as pastor, Au-
gust 27, 1630. The latter came from Box-
ford, county Essex, and most of the colonists
were members of his former charge. Un-
fortunately, the records describing the settle-
ment of Watertown are not in existence, but
on 4 of the earliest book of records is
the first entry in which the names of colonists
are mentioned: "Nov. 14, 1635 — agreed that
Daniel Patrick, Brian Pemberton, Richard
Bernard, Ephraim Child, Abraham Browne,
Charles Chaddock and John Reynolds shall
divide to every man his Property and Meddow
and upland that is plowable ancl the rest to be

The first book of deeds entitled "The W'a-
tertown Lands, Grants and Possessions," page
157. and constituting the second inventory, de-
scribes his allotment as follows : "John Rei-
nolds, An Homestall of five acres and half
by estimation bounded the North with the
Hi,ghway, the .South with Isaac Mixer and
the East with John Sherman granted to him "

Learning of the rich meadows along the
Connecticut river, some few of the Water-
town colonists, in the late autumn of 1634,
founded the settlement of "Pyquag," now
Wethersficld. and spent the winter there. On
May 29th of the vear following, six persons
(among them Robert Reynolds) under the
head of Rev. Richard Denton, who had re-
ceived their dismissal from the Watertown
church March 29th of that year, set out to
"form a newe in a church covenant in the
River of Connecticut" (Coim. Col. Records,
p. tL

On October isfh. T'135. about sixty colon-
ists set out from Watertown to the new set-
tlement. Such was the general distress that
many of tlicm returned in December, but in



the early spring of 1636 once more repaired
to "Watertown on the Connecticut River." It
was not until Feb. 21, 1637, that the settle-
ment received the name of Wethersfield. The
colonists were continually exposed to danger
from the Pequots. In April, 1637, they way-
laid the settlers as they were going into their
fields and killed six men and three women.
On May 26, 1637, the Wethersfield men, unit-
ing with those from Windsor and Hartford
and with seventy Mohegans under their
sachem, Uncas, attacked the Pequots, burnt
seventy wigwams and killed five or six hun-
dred of the enemy. (See Trumbull, vol. i.,
chap. V.)

Both John and Robert were among those
who removed from ^^^atertown prior to July
2i^, 1636, as they did not share in that divi-
sion of land. As stated above, John still
owned property in Watertown at the time of
the second inventory, i. e., 1644. Robert Feke,
Brian Pemberton and Daniel Patrick are also
included, although all of them had removed to
Wethersfield and Stamford.

Robert removed from Wethersfield to Bos-
ton, where he died April 27, 1650. His will,
executed 20, 2, 1658, proved in Boston, July
27, 1650, gives the names of Marv, his wife,
and children : Nathaniel, Ruth Whitney, Ta-
bitha Abdy. Sarah Mason, and Mary Sanger.
His will concludes with the statement, "I and
my wife being stricken in ace and are almost
past our Labour." From this we must con-
clude that he was born about i.SQO, and was
either much older than his brother John, or
that the latter was born earlier than 1612.
the date of birth attributed to him. (See
New Eng. His. & Gen. Reg., vol. ix., p. 137.)
His onlv son Nathaniel removed to Bristol.
Rhode Island, where the familv still continues.
The tombstone of Joseph, Nathaniel's son,
still standing at Bristol, is well known as a
fine example of early carving and shows the
Reynolds coat of arms — three foxes statant in
pale proper, crest on an Esquire's helmet, a
fox statant proper.

John Reynolds' house as given in the map
of Wethersfield was on High street, the third
from the meeting house and near the center
of the town. This and other property were
recorded bv him, "the 12th month and 11
daie, 1640." and again recorded by John Hol-
lister on "^m 2od 1644. as "bought of John

It was not long before internal dissensions
were disturbing the church at Wethersfield
and dividing inhabitants as well as the breth-
ren. The Rev. Richard Denton became the
leader of the more progressive and radical
party. The ministers of the other churches of
the river, and Mr. Davenport from New
Haven, successively tried to unite the fac-
tions. The latter suggested the expediency
of one of the parties removing and making a
new settlement. At length a number of men
who were the most pleased with the advice
of Mr. Davenport and the New Haven breth-
ren, and to whom the government of that
colony was most agreeable, determined to re-
move and settle in combination with New
Haven. Nathaniel Turner had on July ist,
1640, on behalf of the New Haven Colony,
bougrht of Ponus, sagamore of Toquams, and
of Wascussee, sagamore of Shippan, a tract
of land which includes the present towns of
Daricn and Stamford and part of Greenwich
paying about 33 pounds for a tract of land of
one hundred and twenty-eight square miles.
This tract, Rippowanis, Mr. .Andrew Ward
and Mr. Robert Coe, of Wethersfield, on
October 30. 1640, purchased of the New Ha-
ven Colony on behalf of themselves and about
twenty other planters on these conditions:
1st. The Wethersfield men were to give the
price paid to the Indians for the land by Mr.
Turner. 2nd. A fifth part of the lands were
to be reserved to be disposed of by the court
to such other settlers as they saw fit. 3d.
They were to join with the New Haven plan-
tation in the form of government there
adopted. Twenty men were to settle in Stam-
ford by the last of November. 1641.

It was decided that the majority of the
seven church members, church membership
being essential to becoming a freeman, should
remove with a minority of the planters and
that they should take the church orsranization
with them. Thirty men, amoner them John
Reynolds, volunteered as pioneers of the new
colonv. These subscribed "100 bushels of
cornc," to be paid May or June, 1^141. to the
New Haven Colony, to make good the pur-
chase price of the land, each man giving as
he was able and receiving a proportional
amount of land. In this subscription, Mr.
Denton ranks third with 4.1 bu. ; Jo. Rey-
nolds, eiehth with 3.2 bu. (Stamford Rec-
ords, p. 5.)



Of these thirty, twenty-eight removed to the
site of Stamford in the summer of 1641. On
October 19th they held their first meeting,
electing five men to form a provisional gov-
ernment and dividing the land between them.
An account of this is to be found at Stam-
ford in the earliest town record entitled "1640-
41 a towne book of ye free holders of ye
towne of Stamford as it was after wards
called but now Rippowan, containing the acts
and conclusions of the companie of Wethers-
field men." At this meeting "the man under
consideration absenting himself while his case

Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 74 of 95)