Cuyler Reynolds.

Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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died in Amenia, August 17. 181 5. and is buried
in the "City" (Smithfield) graveyard. His
will is recorded in Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

He married, Amenia, N. Y., February 1st,
1763, Rachel Denton. She was born April 12,
1742 (o. s.), and died in Albany, N. Y., No-
vember 10, 1815, while on her way to visit
her son Stephen, at Minaville, N. Y.. and was
buried in one of the church burial grounds in
Albany, and in 1856 her remains were trans-
ferred to the Reynolds plot in the Albany
Rural Cemetery. Her father was Benjamin
Denton, of Foster's Meadows, Wallingford,
Connecticut, also of Farmington, Connecticut,
and Amenia, New York ; married at Farm-
ington, December i, 1724, Rachel Wheeler, of
Hartford, Connecticut. He was the son of
Richard Denton (died in 1699"), the son of
Nathaniel Denton, of Jamaica. L. I., the son
of Richard Denton, of Flalifax, England
(born in 1586), a clergyman, a graduate of
Cambridge University in T623. who came to
America in 1634 and settled in Watertown,
Connecticut. He led those colonists who
founded the settlement at Wethersfield and
subsequently removed to Stamford with the
first settlers. Cotton Mather eulogizes him

in his Magnala. He removed to Long Island,
returned to England and died there.

Stephen and his wife Rachel Denton had
the following children: i. Stephen, b. Sept.
I, 1765 (o. s.), see hereinafter. 2. Rachel,
b. Sept. I, 1767, d. unm., June 2, 1785, 3.
Chloe, b. Dec. 5, 1768, d. unm., June 18, 1789,
4. Israel, b. Oct. 31, 1772, studied medicine
with his brother Stephen, at Minaville, N. Y.,
established the first mail service in Pine Plains,
Dutchess county, N. Y., and died there Alch.
28, 1823, he m. Deborah Dorr, June ist, 1798,
dau. of George Dorr Jr., of Lyme, Conn., b.
Oct. 26, 1770, d. June, 1850, at Pine Plains.
They had: i. Walter, b. at Pine Plains, N. Y.,
Feb. 5, 1801, d. at Pine Plains, Jan. 3, 1844,
m. May 5, 1839, Julia Husted. He was gradu-
ated at Yale, 1822, studied law in Albany and
at a law school in Litchfield, Conn. ; he had :
I. Cornelius Husted, b. Sept. i, 1841, d. Nov.
7, 1876, 2. Ellen Husted, b. Oct. i. 1843. d.
July 20, 1865. Walter and his wife Julia Hus-
ted also had: 2. Julia, b. Apr. 23, 1803, d.
Sept. 22, 1870, m. Hiram Willson, 3. Eliza b.
Mch. 22, 1805, d. at Pine Plains. Oct. 2, 1892,
m. Feb. 18, 1824, Hiram Willson, b. Aug. 12,
1799, at Smithfield, d. Tune 22, 1873, at Pine
Plains, and had: i. El'len Willson. b. Oct. 8.
1825, d. Sept. 26, 1843, 2. Israel Reynolds
Willson, b. Nov. 2, 1827, m. Sept. 16. 1852,
Elizabeth Conklin. 3. JuHa Willson, b. Feb. 11,
1830, d. May 22, 1858, m. Aug. 28, 1851, Isaac
Smith Carpenter, 4. Edward Paysen \\'illson,
b. Dec. 26. 1832, d. at Leavenworth, Kansas,
Aug. 30, 1910, m. Oct. 13, 1863, Helen Fair-
child, m. (second) Olive Sinks, Sept. 21, i86g,
5. Sarah Rebecca Willson, b. May 2. 1836.
m. Sept. 5. i860, Isaac Smith Carpenter, and
is now living (1911) at Smithfield, Amenia
City, Dutchess county, N. Y., 6. Elizabeth
Deborah Willson, b. July 20, 1838, m. Dec. 7,
1 87 1, Theodore Strong.

Stephen and his wife Rachel Denton also
had: 5. Phebe, b. May 12, 1778, at Smith-
field. Amenia City, d. Mch. 28, 1842, m. Abra-
ham Bockie Pugsley, of Dutchess county, N.
Y. He was born in 1776, at Smithfield, d.
Dec. 9. 1851, they had: i. Jane Augusta
Pu.gsley. m. James Ridgeway, and had: i.
Frederick A. R. Ridgeway, m. Mary F. Davis
and had seven children, living in 191 1 at
White Creek, N. Y.. 2. Eliza Pugsley. m.
Roswell Graves, of Brooklyn. N. Y., and had :
I. Marv. 2. Lizzie. 3. Belle. 3. Cornelius A.



Pugsley, b. 1806, d. Jan. 7, 1865, at Danby,
N. Y., m. Louisa Clark, of Danby, N. Y.,
and had: i. Abraham Bockie Pugsley, b.

1854, m. • Blakesley, lives near Ithaca,

N. Y., 2. Cornelia Pugsley, m. Oscar Jennings,
of Danby, N. Y., and had three children, 3.
Mary Pugsley, m. William R. Humphrey, of
Ithaca, N. Y.

Stephen and his wife Rachel Denton also
had: 6. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 14, 1785, d. at
Pine Plains, Apr. 10, 1844, unm., 7. Rachel,
b. Oct. 14, 1785, d. at Pine Plains, Mch. 24,
1861, 8. Samantha, b. May 27, 1768, d. at
Amenia City, Sept. 27, 1822, unm.

Stephen — Stephen — Nathaniel — James —
John — John.

I. Stephen Reynolds, M.D., son of Stephen
Reynolds and Rachel Denton, was born in
Amenia, Dutchess county, N. Y., September
I, 1765 (o. s.), July 31, 1765 (n. s.). His
class poem written in his freshman year, which
is still in existence, is evidence that he went
to college, but to which one is unknown. He
died in Amsterdam, N. Y., July 8th, 1833,
while visiting his nephew, Deodatus Wright,
and was buried there.

He studied medicine with James Potter,
M. D., at New Fairfield, Connecticut, 1784;
removed to Minaville, town of Florida, Mont-
gomery county, N. Y., in 1785, and practiced
there until May 1832, when he removed to
Schenectady, N. Y., having purchased No. 25
No. Church street, the next building north
of the Dutch Church. He was a celebrated
Latin scholar and something of a poet. He
was the founder and president of the Wash-
ington Benevolent Society, and going to Phila-
delphia he commissioned Sir Gilbert Stewart
to paint a replica of his portrait of Washing-
ton, which he presented to the Society. When
the Society was disbanded the portrait was
returned to him, and it is now in the posses-
sion of his great-.granddaughter. Mrs. Frank
P. Wilder, of Saratoga (Josephine Voorhees).
He was the president of the Mont,gomery
Aledical Society, which issued certificates en-
titling its members to practice medicine, and
was one of the first in this portion of the coun-
try to hold clinics.

Portraits of Stephen and his wife Lydia
Rartlett. painted by Ames, about 1812, are in
possession of their granddaughter, the widow
of Rev. William C. Hopkins, of Toledo. Ohio.

He married, at Warrensburgh, Florida,

Montgomery county, N. Y., October 29, 1787,
Lydia Bartlett, who was born at Lebanon,
Connecticut, August 27, 1770, and died at
Amsterdam, N. Y., August 27, 1843. Her
father was Nathaniel Bartlett, born at Goshen,
Conn., November 23, 1727; removed to Flor-
ida, N. Y., in 1785, then to Charlton, Sara-
toga county, N. Y., died there, and was the
son of Capt, Josiah Bartlett (born Marshfield,
May 24, 1701, removed to Lebanon, Conn.,
died March 16, 1782). who married at Marsh-
field, Jan. 3, 1723, Mercy Chandler, born in
1705 : died Feb. 17, 1781 ; she was the daugh-
ter of Edmund Chandler, of Duxbury, b. 1680,
d. 172 1, and Elizabeth Alden, b. 1680, d. 1732.
Edmund Chandler was the son of Joseph
Chandler, died 1666. and Hannah, and grand-
son of Edmund Chandler. Elizabeth Alden
was daughter of Jonathan Alden, and grand-
daughter of John Alden, b. 1599, Mayflower,
1620, d. Sept. 12, 1686. m. Priscilla MuUins,
b. 1602, Mayflower, 1620.

Josiah was the son of Ichabod Bartlett, born
1664, married. Dec. 28, 1699, Elizabeth Water-
man (1679- 1 708), died Plymouth, 171 5.
Elizabeth \\'aterman was the daughter of Jo-
seph Waterman, b. 1643, d. Jan. i, 17 12, m.
1672, Sarah Snow (b. 1650, d. Dec. 11, 1741),
and granddaughter of Robert Waterman, m.
Dec. II, 1638, Elizabeth Bourne, daughter of
Thomas Bourne, b. 1581, d. May 4, 1634.

Ichabod was the son of Benjamin Bartlett,
born 1638, married Sarah Brewster. 1656, died
1691. She was daughter of Love Brewster, b.
1607, d. 1650. Mayflower. 1620, m. Mch. 15,
1634, Sarah Collier. He was the son of Elder
William Brewster, b. 1560, Mayflower, 1620,
d. Apr. 16. 1644.

Benjamin was the son of Robert Bartlett.
born in England, in 1603. came to Plymouth in
ship "Ann" in 1623, and died in 1672. who
married Mercy Warren, dau.ghter of Richard
^^'arren, who came in the Mayflower, and
whose wife was Elizabeth Jouatt, b. 1588. d.
Oct. 2. 1673.

Lydia Bartlett's mother was Mercy Otis.
born in Colchester, Conn.. July 3, 1734; mar-
ried. Dec. 14, 1752, Nathaniel Bartlett. and
was the dau.ghter of Nathaniel Otis (born in
Scituate, Jan. .30, 1690. died in 1772"). who
married Hannah Thacher (born Oct. 9. 1690,
died Colchester, 1776). daughter of Col. John
Thacher (born Marshfield, Mass.. Mch. 17.
1639. at Marblehead. Rep. 1668-1680, d. May


8, i/io, and Lydia Gorham, his wife, b. Nov.
II, 1661, at Barnstable, Mass.), who was a
daughter of John Gorham, b. at Bernesfield,
Northampton, England, Jan. 28, 1621, settled
at Marshfield, Mass., later of Barnstable, cap-
tured in King Philip's war, died Feb. 5, 1776,
and of Desire Rowland, his wife, m. 1643, d.
Oct. 13, 1683, who was the daughter of John
Rowland, b. 1592, Mayflower, 1620, d. Feb.
23, 1673. and Elizabeth Tilley, b. 1607, May-
flower, 1620, d. Dec. 21, 1687.

John Gorham was the son of Ralph Gor-
man, who settled in Duxbury, 1637.

Col. John Thacher was son of Rev. An-
thony Thacher, b. 1587, at Salisbury, England,
removed to Holland, removed to Boston. June
3, 1635, removed to Yarmouth, 1643, and died
there Aug. 22, 1667.

He married, 1635, in England, Elizabeth
Jones. Children of Stephen and Lydia Bart-
lett: 1. Marcus Tullius, b. in Minaville, N.
Y., Dec. 29, 1788, died in Albany, N. Y., July
II, 1864, married first, Cynthia Herrick, mar-
ried second, Albany, May 6, 1823, Elizabeth
Ann Dexter (see hereinafter). 2. Betsy, b.
Dec. 9, 1790; d. in Amsterdam, N. Y., Feb.
8, 1858, and buried there, married, Amster-
dam, Apr. 24, 181 T, Dr. Samuel Voorhees
(Van Voorhees) of that city, b. Nov. i, 1787,
graduate of Union, 181 1. He studied medi-
cine with Stephen Reynolds, died Amsterdam,
1870, and had: i. Marcus Tullius, b. May 19,
1812. d. in Puebla, Mexico, Dec. 13, 1844, and
buried there. 2. James Leslie Voorhees, b.
July 22, 1815, Union College, 1835, d. unm. at
Amsterdam, N. Y.. 1891. 3. Stephen Reynolds
Voorhees, b. in Amsterdam, July 13, 1818,
died there Nov. 15, 1901. 4. George Max-
well Voorhees, b. in Amsterdam, March 16,
1826. died there, Sept. 14, 1909; m. in North-
ampton, N. Y., Oct. 5, 1852, Hannah Alex-
ander Slocum, b. in Pawling, N. Y., June 5,
1832, died Apr. 3, 1871, three children. No
descendants. (See Voorhees family.)

Stephen and his wife Lydia Bartlett also
had: 3. Marcia Phebe, b. Apr. 7, 1794, died
in Aurora, III, Sept. ii, 1856. m. Aug. i,
1825, Alexander Cruikshank Gibson, b. in
Hebron, N. Y., Mch. 6, 1794, mayor of Schen-
ectady, N. Y., for many years died in Aurora,
111.. .'Vug. 14. 1874, and had : i. David Gibson,
b. May 27, 1826. d. Aurora, 111., June 4, 1887,
m. at Fairfax, Iowa. Dec. 27, 1877, Laura B.
Hedges (b. at Elmira, N. Y., Oct. 4, 1834),

and had one child. 2. Charles James Gibson,
b. Oct. 2, 1827, Union College, 1846, d. in
.-Vurora, 111., Apr. 14, 1852. 3. Franklin
Gibson, b. Mch. 7, 1830, d. Brooklyn, N. Y.,
Feb. 20, 1892; m. Mariaville, N. Y., Mch. 26,
1857, Ann Marilla Marsh, no children. 4.
Julia, b. Aug. 19, 1832, m. Aurora, 111., Jan.
2, 1877, ^^y- William C. Hopkins, and had:
I. Frank Gibson Hopkins, b. Feb. 25, 1879, at
Champaign, 111.

Marcus Tullius — Stephen — Stephen —
Nathaniel — James — John — John.

I. Marcus Tullius, son of Dr. Stephen Rey-
nolds and Lydia Bartlett, was born in Mina-
ville, Florida township, Montgomery county,
N. Y., December 29, 1788; died at his resi-
dence, No. 25 No. Pearl street. Albany. N. Y.,
July II, 1864, and was buried in the Albany
Rural Cemetery.

When he was ten years of age he was sent
to the high school at Canajoharie, N. Y.,
w'here he remained three years, and on leaving
there he entered a collegiate school at Utica,
where he was fitted for college. In 1805 he
entered Union College, and was graduated,
ranking second in the class of 1808. He was
an excellent classical student, and also en-
joyed the study of philosophy. He began the
study of law in the oflSce of Matthias B. Hil-
dreth, of Johnstown, Fulton county. New
York, who was many years the attorney gen-
eral of New York state. He was admitted to
the bar February 14, 181 1, and early evinced
those talents which enabled him to advance
rapidly. He practiced at Johnstown for seven-
teen years, where he was compelled to con-
tend with the talented lawyer, David Cady. In
May, 1828, he removed to Albany, N. Y.,
where he passed the rem.ainder of his life.

"From the year 1837 down to the adoption
of the Code of Procedure, Marcus T. Rey-
nolds, Samuel Stevens and Nicholas Hill were
regarded impartially as the three most prom-
inent lawyers in New York state. It was
said that a reference to the reports of cases
argued in the appellate courts of the state
from 1817 to 185-3, when he retired, will show
that Marcus T. Reynolds was coimsel in more
cases adjudicated in the supreme court and the
court for the correction of errors than almost
any other lawyer of this state. During a pe-
riod of twenty-six years he was second to
none as a barri.ster, and the story of his career
during that time is the history of the su-



preme court, court of correction of errors and
the court of appeals.

"He had the faculty of passing from grave
to gay, from lively to severe, with surprising
facility. He carried his cases, by being thor-
oughly imbued with them himself, and then,
by a clear and well defined statement to the
court and jury, imparting the impression that
he had no doubt of the right of his case. Be-
fore a jury he had a sort of magnetic power,
by which he photographed his own ideas and
reasons upon the minds of the jury." (See
Proctor's "'Bench and Bar," and "Proceed-
ings of the Albany Bar on the Death of Mar-
cus T. Reynolds," Albany Evening Journal,
July 15, 1864.)

He was confirmed by the senate as justice
of supreme court, July 7, 1849, ^^^ '^'•''^^ s^'so
elected congressman. Within a year or two
of the operation of the first passenger railway
train, in 1831, he became concerned in the
organization of steam roads, and when on
May 5, T836, several small lines consolidated
as the Albany & West Stockbridge railroad,
the last line to the west of what later became
the Boston & Albany road, he was elected
president of the new company. He was also
chosen president of the Utica & Schenectady
railroad, later merged into the New York
Central lines, and was president of the Albany
& Northern railroad. ~ He was a director of
the Albany Insurance Company from 1835 ^^
1863 : a director of the New York State Bank
from Tune. 1840, to Julv. 1861 : a founder of
the Albany Hospital, organized in 184Q; a
founder and trustee of the Albany Orphan
Asylum, organized May 19, 1830; an organizer
and fourth largest contributor to the Albany
Rural Cemetery, and one of the largest con-
tributors to the founding of the Dudley Ob-
servatory in 1852 : elected a vestryman of St.
Peter's Episcopal Church in 1842, and ad-
vanced to warden in 1843, serving through
i860, and chairman of its most important
committees, e. g., March 25. 1845. to sell the
church land on Maiden Lane, Pine and Lodge
streets ; 1845, to procure a new rectory ; 1855,
to secure funds for the new church edifice
which was consecrated October 4, i860.

He resided a long time at No. 7 Park Place,
Albany, which site was taken about 1870 for
the new capitol. His last residence was at
the southeast corner of Maiden Lane and

Pearl street, where he practiced law and lived
with his family.

Many years before his death he was thrown
from his horse, the fall producing an injury
to one of his knee-pans, of such serious na-
ture that amputation became necessary. He
was immediately carried into a store, where
a skilled surgeon determined that an opera-
tion must inevitably follow, stating further
that perhaps it had better be done on the
following day. "I wish you to proceed in-
stantly, for I cannot have the matter upon
my mind," said Mr. Reynolds. The surgeon
obeyed. This was before the day of either
chloroform or ether, but the patient submitted
without a groan. From this time on he gen-
erally conducted his cases sitting.

Marcus T. Reynolds married (first) Cyji-
thia Herrick, born at Amenia, Dutchess
county, N. Y., December 26, 1794, died at
Amsterdam, N. Y., November 25. 1820. and
was buried there. She was the daughter of
Benjamin Herrick, died at Amenia March 11,
1810. aged 54, who was the son of Benjamin
Herrick, died at Amenia, January 10, 1779.
aged 46, and Sarah Denton, died at Amenia,
December 8, 1778, aged 47, who was the sis-
ter of Rachel Denton, the wife of Stephen
Reynolds, where her ancestry is given. All
of the above are buried at the City grave-
yard (now Smithfield), Dutchess county, N.
Y., where the inscriptions were copied in 1897.

The mother of Cynthia Herrick was Cyn-
thia Brush, who died at Amenia City, Nov. 19,
1815. ao;ed .so. Cynthia Brush was the daugh-
ter of Richard Brush, of Amenia, who made
his will August 27, 1795. leaving "all real
estate to Richard Brush Herrick, the present
youngest son of Benjamin Herrick." The
same document mentions his wife ILtnnah,
and is copied in a Greenwich, Connecticut,
deed. Here also is entered his birth record,
"Richard Brush had a son Dec. 17. 1727,
named him Richard." The Herrick homestead
at Amenia adjoined on the north that of
Stephen Reynolds.

Children: i. Lydia Maria, died in infancy.
2. Lydia Louisa.' b. in Amsterdam, N. Y..
Sept. II, 1817; d. in Albany, N. Y., Jan. 26.
1876: married. Albanv. at St. Peter's Church,
bv Rev. Horatio Potter, April 29, 1841. Dr,
Thomas Hun, son of Abraham Hun and Maria
Gansevoort, who was born in .\lbany. Sept.
14, 1808. was graduated at Union 1821, died



in Albany, June 23, 1896, by whom five chil-
dren: I. Edward Reynolds Hun, born Al-
bany, Apr. 17, 1842 ; was graduated at Har-
vard, 1863, married in Troy, N. Y., April 29,
1874, Caroline DeForest Gale, died in Stam-
ford, Conn., March 14, 1880. 2. Marcus Tul-
lius Hun, b. in Albany, May 22, 1845, was
graduated at Union, 1865, married, Albany,
Dec. 21, 1875, Mary Keith Vanderpoel (see
Van Derpoel Family). 3. Leonard Ganse-
voort Hun, b. in Albany, May 10, 1848, was
graduated West Point, 1869, d. unm. in
Somerville, Mass., March 11, 1891. 4. John
Hun, b. at Albany, June to, 1852, d. Aug. 16,
1852. 5. Henry Hun, b. in Albany, March 21,
1854, was graduated at Yale, 1874; m. in Al-
bany, Apr. 28, 1892, Lydia Marcia Hand (see
Hun Family). Marcus T. had also by his
wife Cynthia Herrick : 3. Cynthia, b. in Am-
sterdam, N. Y., in 1819, d. there Mch. 25,
1837, and buried there.

Marcus T. Reynolds married (second) at
St. Peter's Church, Albany, N. Y., May 6,
1823, Elizabeth Ann Dexter. She was born in
Albany. March 24. 1797, and died at her
home. No. 7 Park Place, Albany (where the
capitol stood in 1910), on August 30, 1840.
Her father was Samuel Dexter, born in
Northampton, Mass.. Nov. 14. 1756. removed
to Albany between 1790-5, where he was a
druggist ; died there at No. 56 State street,
Aug. 27, 1825, being the son of Ebenezer
Dexter, born October 17, T729, died May 4,
1769, who married, in 1754, Lydia Woods,
born Oct. 17, 17.36, died Dec. 24, 1774.

Her mother was Elizabeth Province, born
in Northampton, Mass., Julv 4. 1763. died at
her residence opposite the Middle Dutch Re-
formed Church, on Beaver street. Albany,
Octol)er 18. 1846, being the dauehter of John
Province, born in Glasgow. Scotland, came to
.•\merica. May 10. 1740, settling in Boston.
Mass., died July 6, 1792. who married. May
O. 1748. Sarah Prince, born in 1730. died
March it. 1810. and was buried in the Prince
tomb in the Granarv Burial Ground at Boston
Csee Prince Gcncaloe\' for ancestors). Sam-
uel Dexter and Elizabeth Province were mar-
ried May 20. 1790

By his wife Elirabeth Ann Dexter. Marcus
T. had: 4. Mary Dexter, born in .Amsterdam,
N. Y., m. Aug. 14, 1824: d. at 98 Columbia
street. Albany. Jan. 29. 1807. buried in .-M-
banv Rural Ccmctcrv ; married bv Rev. Hora-

tio Potter, at St. Peter's Church, Albany,
Apr. 29, 1847, Dr. Frederick Cholet Adams,
son of John Adams, and his wife Laura
Farmer, who was born at Catskill, N. Y., May
25, 1823; W'illiams College, 1843. died in
Albany, Sept. 22. 1862. by whom two chil-
dren: I. Admiral James Dexter Adams, U.
S. N., born in Catskill, N. Y., May 4. 1848,
married. Vallejo, Cal., May 6, 1873. Margaret
Jane Phelpsi,: dau. of Admiral Thomas S.
Phelps, has three children. 2. A\'illiam Rey-
nolds Adams, born in Albany, Mch. 7. 1853,
d. in Albany, Jan. 30, 1855. buried there. 5.
Dexter, born in Albany, N. Y., Dec. 12. 1828,
d. in Albany, 'Aug. 19, 1906; married in Roch-
ester. N. Y., Apr. 19, 1865. Catherine Maley
Cuyler, born in Cuylerville. Livingston county,
N. Y., Dec. 2. 1845. daughter of Col. William
Tremper Cuyler and Nancy Bancker Stew-
art (see hereinafter). 6. Laura, born in Al-
bany, N. Y.. Nov. 22. 1830; married at her
father's residence. No. 25 No. Pearl street. Al-
bany, N. Y., by Rev. Horatio Potter. Feb.
I, 1854. Bayard Van Rensselaer, son of Gen.
Stephen Van Rensselaer and Harriet Eliza-
beth Bayard, and who was born in .Albany.
Sept. 8. 1833. died in Pan. France, Jan. 12,
1859. by whom two children: i. William
Bayard Van Rensselaer, b. at 98 Columbia
street. Albany. N. Y.. Oct. 4. 1856. died in
Albany. Sept. 25. T909; was graduated at Har-
vard College. 1880: married in Cambridge,
Mass.. Nov. 3, 18S0. Louisa Greenough Lane,
born Nov. 21, i860, dau. of Prof. Geo. Martin
Lane, of Harvard University : 2. Dr. Howard
Van Rensselaer, born at 98 Columbia street,
Albany. N. Y.. June 26. 1858, Yale, 1881.

Dexter — Marcus Tullius — Stephen — Ste-
phen — Nathaniel — James — John — John.

5. Dexter Reynolds, son of Marcus T. Rey-
nolds and Elizabeth .Vnn Dexter, was born
in .Mlianv. N. Y.. December 22. 1828. and
died at 08 Columbia street, Albany. .August 19,
1006. He received his early education at the
College Hill Academy in Poughkeepsie. N.
Y., and containued his preliminary studies al
the .Albany .Academy, which he entered in tlie
fall of 1842. remaininsr two vcars. when he
v.\n- prepared to enter LTnion College in 1844.
Here he joined the Sigma Phi fraternity, and
was a classmate of President Chester .A. -Ar-
thur, who was an intimate friend in lafer
years. He graduated July 26. 1848. ranlcmg
second in his class of 120. and was honored



with the Latin salutatory. He attended the
Lawrence Scientific School at Cambridge,
Mass., the year of its founding, 1848-9, and
was a graduate of the Harvard Law School,
class of 1850. He was admitted to the bar
at Albany, December 2, 185 1, and in 1853
wrote the volume published by Gould, Banks
& Co.. Albany, 1853, "A Treatise on the Law
of Life Assurance." He formed a partner-
ship with Orlando Meads. Afterwards he
was in partnership with John Olcott, son of
Thomas \\'orth Olcott, the banker. Later on
he was associated with the law firm of M. T.
&: L. G. Hun, nephews, at No. 25 No. Pearl
street, ^^'ith his friends. Erastus Corning and
T. Howard King, he made a number of visits to
^\'estern states on hunting trips, and it was
then he purchased large tracts of land in
Iowa, equal in extent to nearly half the area
of that state. His final sale in closing the in-
vestment was 210,000 acres. In the Civil War
he was paymaster of the Third Regiment, and
went to Richmond, Virginia, under Gen. Fred-
erick Townsend, commanding.

His patented inventions numbered twenty
or more, and each of these was among the
pioneers of very important lines. He first
gave considerable study to the manufacture of
paper from wood pulp at a time such processes
were not practical or paying. In 1858 he pub-
lished a treatise on the subject. His investi-
gation was most thorough, and gave an im-
petus to the trade at a time of discouragement.

Among the earliest of his inventions was a
typesetter, which he manufactured in Roch-
ester, previous to 1873, and followed this with
an automatic distributor, which was the first
attempt to distribute movable type by machine.
In this connection he invented the notching
of type. It was placed in a publishing house
in Albany" about 1876. and was discounte-
nanced by the printers, who saw their means
of support about to disappear through a sav-
ing to the empln-er. The theorv of this ma-
chine was utilized by a manufacturer of such
machines, and a tedious lawsuit for infringe-
ment resulted, which was finally compromised
A direct steel and wrought iron process oc-
cupied his attention for some twenty years,
which led to an experimental furnace erected
in the early spring of 1903, which was the
first to nodulize fine ores in a revolving cyl-

Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 78 of 95)