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Genealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) online

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The surname Cruikshank
CRUIKSHANK is Scottish in its history
and associations, but
English in its origin. Genuine Scottish names
are Gaelic in origin, but occasionally these
names are translated or transmuted into an
English form, or the family may have des-
cended into a district where English influence
was predominating before the establishment
of surnames, and in course of time assumed
an English surname. Examples of Gaelic sur
names translated into an English form are Al-
lison from MacAlister, Ferguson from Mac-
Fergus, Anderson from MacAindris or Mac-
Andrews, Nicholson from MacNicail, Fox
from O'Sionnach, and so on. Cruikshank may
in its earlier form have been a Gaelic sobriquet
applied to a warrior, according to the ancient
Gaelic fashion, in consonance with some phy-
sical peculiarity. It may have been a term
applied in old English. It is probable that its
origin was in a Gaelic appclation ajijilicd to
a remote warrior, and this appellation being
inherited by his descendants as a family name,
was translated into the invading dialect of the
north of England and so transmitted to later
descendants. The name is an honored one in
Scottish history, and has been distinguished
in literature, in war, and in the professions.
There are or have been something like six
families, according to the notes of "Burke's
Heraldry," that have borne the name and that
have been entitled to bear arms. Conspicuous
among these families is the Cruikshank fam-
ily of Lanley Park, county of Forfar, Scot-
land. The arms of this family are heraldically
described thus : "Or, three boars heads couped
sa., armed of the field and langued gu within
a bordure of the last." Crest : An armed hand,
holding a dagger in pale ppr. Motto : Cavendo
tut is.

(I) Theodore Cruikshank, ancestor in Scot-
land of the Cruikshank family in America
here under consideration, was born at Boynes-
ville, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, in 1731, and
died in 1812. He married Jane Allen, who
was born in 1723, and died in 1816. .'Vmong
their children was William, mentioned below

(II) William, son of Theodore and Jane

(Allen) Cruikshank, was bom at Boynesville,
Aberdeenshire, ."^.otland, in June, 1760. He
married, April, 1795, Sarah, born at 80 Wall
street. New York, daughter of William and
Phebe (Blake) Allen. William Allen was
born in Scotland in 1739 and died in New
York, December 25, 1828. Phebe Blake was -
the daughter of John and Sarah (Remmick)
Blake, and was born at Newton, Long Island,
in 1750, dying December 11, 1830. Sarah
(Remmick) Blake died in 1809 at the age of
ninety-nine years. Children of William and
Sarah (Allen) Cruikshank: i. William, Jr.,
bor February i, 1796, died May 12, 1797. 2.
Jane, born December 22, 1798, died April 16,
1882. 3. George, born September 29, 1800,
died October 16, 1823. 4. William A. born
January 13, 1802, died June 30. 1825. 5. James,
mentioned below. 6. Anna Bella, born July

29, 1806, died October 28. 1831. 7. Edward,
born October 2, 1808, died September 22,
1884. 8. John, born November 10, 1810, died
January 19, 1882. 9. Theodore, born May 5,
1814, died at sea. 10. Augustus, born March

30, 1816, died October 5, 1894. 11. Anna
Eliza, born August 29, 1818.

(III) James, fourth son of William and
Sarah (Allen) Cruikshank, was born January

1, 1804. at 40 Greenwich street. New York,
and died August 28, 1895. He married, No-
vember 16, 1841, Mary Ann Wheeler, who
was born January iz. 1820. in Crutched
Friars, England, and died August 8, 1892.
Children: i. Edwin A., born August 11, 1843.

2. James W., born March 30, 1846, died April
10, 1846. 3. Augustus W., born May 17, 1847.
died February 23, 1897. 4. Caroline, born Oc-
tober 10, 1849. 5. Charles, born October 30,
1851, died Alarch 10, 1852 6. Harriet, born
May TO. 1854, died October 10. 1896. 7.
Robert M., born November 11, 1835, died Oc-
tober II, 1877. 8. James, born October 31,
1857, died Tune, 1859. 9. Warren, mentioned

(IV) Warren, youngest son of James and
Mary Ann (Wheeler) Cruikshank, was born
at Hempstead, New York, May 5, 1861. He
received his elementary education at the vil-
lage school of Hempstead. New York, and
later attended a business college. He entered
the office of E. A. Cruikshank & Company,
Real Estate, in 1877, and in 1886 was admitted
to the firm. He became president of the Cruik-



shank Company, which succeeded E. A. Cruik-
shank & Company on its incorporation in 1903.
Warren Cruikshank is a director of the Broad-
way Trust Company, Irving National Bank,
and of the Merchants' Refrigerating Com-
panies of New York. He is a member of the
Wyandanch Club, Smithtown, Long Island;
Adirondack League Club; Knickerbocker
Field Club ; Meridian Club ; Underwriters Club
and the Historical Society. He is a member
of the Dutch Reformed Church of Flatbush.
He married, at Hempstead, Long Island, New
York, May 20, 1S85. Fannie Augusta, daughter
of Samuel H. and Fannie (Wiggins) Minshull.
Children of Warren and Fannie Augusta
(Minshull) Cruikshank are: i. Russell Ver-
non, born November 15, 1886; educated at
Erasmus Hall High School, now with the
Cruikshank Company. 2. Douglas Maynard,
born December 9, 1890, educated at Poly-
technic Preparatory School ; also with the
Cruikshank Company.

The family name of Sims is a con-
.SIMS traction of Simon or Simeon, the

son of Sim. To arrive at the de-
rivation of this name with its association to
the family, one must follow the historical line
for several generations before William the
Conqueror made the Norman conquest, 1066,
and study Scotland's lore. Simon was then
often written Symon, and its contraction Sym
or Sime. Symes is another variation, and cen-
turies ago there was established in Scotland
the place called Symington, in the northwest
of Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland, originally Sym-
onstown, so called from Simon Lockard or
Lcckart, who held the lands under Walter,
the first Stewart. Those of the generation
living in England at the time the immigrant
came to America, wrote the name Simm ; but
when John Simm came to this country, he
changed the final "m" into "s," and wrote
his name Sims, which form has been followed
ever since by his descendants. The Sims
arms: Gules, a chevron between two spur
rowels in chief and a halbert in base, or.
Crest: A demi-lion rampant, proper, holding
between the paws a battleaxe. or. Motto:
Fcrio tcgo. The descendants of Thomas Sym.
of Newton. England, and Anne Martindale,
about T550 (from whom those in .America
are descended), are entitled to quarter the fol-

lowing arms: Martindale: Argent, two bars
gules over all a bend azure. Brisco: Argent,
three greyhounds courant in pale, sable. Fal-
con: Or, a chevron azure, between three fal-
cons close, proper. Connell: Argent, a chev-
ron gules between two suprs in chief, and a
battleaxe in base azure, shaft or.

The commencement of the history of the
Sims family takes one back one thousand
years to Sym of Yetheram Tower, Roxburg-
shire, Scotland. The name of that place was
also written Whitram, Wythrop and Yeth-
throp. His son, known as Sym of Yetheram
Tower, married Ada, the granddaughter of
Oswulfe, earl of Northumberland, Thane of
Gilles Land, in the county of Cumberland,
England. The sturdy, early Romans had
erected a wall, indications of which are today
very apparent, which separated the lands of
the peoples united by this marriage, and it may
have the sound of romance, it may be more
than likely true, that when making their cus-
tomary raids into another's territory, he, of
the north, carried back not only booty but a
bride, for such acts were of common occur-
rence then. Succeeding generations overran
the border lands, and finally by intermarriages
located in Cumberland and Northumberland,
and were patriots among the English, ready to
resist invaders with them, for Bueth Sym.
the son of the parents mentioned, was slain
in the Norman conquest in the year 1066.

It is possible to trace the line of descent for
twenty-five generations, ending wi*^!! the op"
who came to America, and this will be done
in briefest form.

(I) Sym of Yetheram i'owev. Roxburgh-
shire, Scotland.

(II) Sym of Yctlieram Tower married Ada.
granddaughter of Oswulfe. earl of Northum-
berland, county of Cumberland. England.

(III) Bueth Sym. thane of Gilles Land,
killed in the Norman Conquest.

(IV) Sym. thane of Gilles Land, fled to
Scotland in 1066.

(Y^ Bueth Sym. of Whitram Tower, Rox-
bursjh.shire. time of Henry I.. (1100-11,^5).

(VI) John Sym, of Roxburghshire, had a
grant of lands in Dumfriesshire from Mal-
colm IV.. in 1165.

(VII) Thomas .Sym, of Dumfriesshire.
(VIII'I William Sym. of Dumfriesshire, liv-
ing there in 1191.



(IX) William Sym.

(X) John Sym.

(XI) John Sym.

(XII) William Sym.

(XIII) Joseph Sym, of Sandbeck House,

(XIV) John Sym, of Sandbeck House,

(XV) John Sym, of Sandbeck House, held
lands in county Cumberland ; married Eliza-
beth, daughter and heiress of William Mar-
tindale, of Newton, county of Cumberland,
granddaughter of Roger Martindale and of
the heiress of Thomas de Newton.

(XVI) John Sym, of Sandbeck House,

(XVII) John Sym, of Sandbeck House.

(XVIII) Thomas Sym, of Newton; mar-
ried Anne, daughter and heiress of Nicholas
Martindale, of Holme Culthram, county of

(XIX) Thomas Sym, of Newton, born in
1580; died in 1650: married, in 1618, Anne,
daughter of Joihn Brisco, of Wampool. and
Dorothy Falcon, heiress of the Falcons of
Nook Tower, and of the Connells, of Allonby.
all in county of Cumberland, England.

(XX) William Sym, of Allonby, died in
1669, having had the following children: Wil-
liam, born in 1625, died January 4, 1600, mar-
ried Anne Beeby ; Rev. John, see forward;

Launcelot, of Aspatia. married Osmoth-

erly; Joseph, of Blackdyke, county of Cum-
berland; Thomas, of Holme Culthram, died

December 31, 1704, married Martindale;

Jonathan, of Newton; Nathan; daughter, who
married Thomas Gaythorn, of Hold Hutten,
countv of Westmoreland ; daughter, who mar-
ried Richard Lightfoot, of Holme Culthram.

(XXI) Rev. John Sim, son of William
Sym, resided at"Aspatria (Aspatua or As-
patia), county of Cumberland, England, and
owned lands at Newton. He married Anne
Osmotherly, by whom: Thomas, who resided
at Aspatria, where he died, October 27, 1712;
Launcelot, see formard.

(XXIT) Launcelot Sim. son of Rev. John
Sim, was church warden of .\spatria. in 1687 ;

died luly 26. 1712. He married Hannah ,

who died May 12, 1723. by whom: Maria,
baptized August 12, 1688; Daniel, baptized
December 26, 160S. see forward.

(XXIII) Daniel Sim, son of Launcelot and

Hannah Sim, was baptized December 26,
1695 ; resided at Westnewton, county of Cum-
berland, England, and was church warden of
Aspatria, 1731-32. He married (first) May
29, 1723, Sarah Dobinson, who died Septem-
ber 22, 1725, leaving one child, Hannah, bap-
tized August 12, 1725. He married (second)
Eleanor Coulthard, by whom nine children:
Anne, baptized November 13, 1728; John, of
Westnewton, baptized December 30, 1730;
Launcelot, see forward ; Joshua, baptized
March 29, 1737; Isabella, baptized July 23,
1740; Jane, baptized June 12, 1743; Sarah,
baptized October 6, 1744; Joseph, baptized
March 7, 1748; Mary, baptized October 24,

(XXIV) Launcelot Simm, son of Daniel
and Eleanor (Coulthard) Sim, was baptized
January 9, 1732, died August 6, 1789. He re-
sided at Cockermouth, county Cumberland,
England. He married, January i, 1769, Anne
Fletcher, of Birk Bank, same county. She
was born in 1741, and died December 23,
1787. Children: John, see forward; Daniel,
born February 21, 1772, died October 8, 1777;
Isabella, born October 4, 1774, married Wil-
liam Jackson, of Newcastlc-on-Tyne. England ;
Joshua, born June 5, 1777, resided at Cock-
ermouth, and died in 1855, married Mary
Younghusband, of Gilcrux, county Cumber-
land; Daniel, born April 15, 1780, died, un-
married, in 1844; Mary, born December 19,
1782, died in 1784; Coulthard, born October
16, 1785, died April 13, 1788.

(XX\') John .Sims, son of Launcelot and
Anne (Fletcher) Simm. was born at Cocker-
mouth, Cumberland, England, October 24,
1769, and died at Uniontown, Pennsylvania,
July g, 1826, He was the progenitor of the
family in America, arriving in 1793. .Ml his
brothers and sisters had spelled their surname
Simm ; but upon arrival in this country he
determined to change the final "m" into "s,"
and thereafter wrote it Sims. He married
(first) Sarah Simpson, by whom no issue;
married (second) at Burlington, New Jer-
sey, July 18, 1797, Mary Neale. She was
born June 29, T774; died February 10, 1867.
Children: 1. Dr. W'illiam Neale. born .Xpril
27, 1798, died at Smicksburgh. Pennsylvania,
March 9, 1872; practiced medicine at that
place ; married Margaret McKean, who was
born July 28, 1798, died February 24, 1859;



by whom : i. Frances Louisa, born September
14, 1823; married Samuel Fulton, ii. John
Arthur, born July 30, 1826. iii. Thomson
Neale, born July 9, 183 1 ; married, February
7, 1862, Rebecca Fleck, iv. Isabella Jane,
born January 2, 1834; married Charles Car-
rol Gray. v. Caroline Rebecca, born Decem-
ber 27, 1844; married William Chambers. 2.
Thomson Neale, born October 17, 1800, died
October 17, 1830; resided at Mount Holly,
New Jersey ; married, June 5, 1823, Louisa
Vanuxem Clark, of Philadelphia, who was
born August i, 1801, died May 2, 1869; she
married (second) James Peacock, by whom
no issue. Children of Thomson N. Sims : i.
Sophia Marian, born March 25, T824, died
December i, 1840 ii. .Mfred William, of
Orbisonia, Pennsylvania, born September 21,
1826, died April 16. 1895. iii. Louisa Clark,
born June 10, 1830, died January 15, 1831. 3.
Mary Anne, born June 23. 1802. died March
I, 1834; married December 20, 1825, Thomas
Jones. 4. Launcelot Fletcher, born March
14, 1805: resided at Mount Holly, New Jer-
sey : died, unmarried. January 8, 183s. 5.
John Clarke, see forward. 6. Elizabeth, born
July Q, 1809: married, December 20. 1825,
Alfred W'ylie Woods. 7. Sarah Simpson, born
December 21, 181 1. 8. Martha Neale (twin),
born December 21, 181 1. 9. Isabella, born
June II, 1815; died, unmarried, April 17,
1833. 10. Jane, born July 19, 1817; married,
March 15, i8s3, Joseph Lees Wilde.

(XXVI) johii Clarke, son of John and
Mary C Neale) Sims, was born at Burlington,
New Jersey, February 11, 1807, and died at
Mount Holly, Burlington county. New Jersey,
December 18, 1882. He removed to and con-
tinued to reside in Philadelphia, where he \yas
married, December 8, 1830, to Emeline Marian
Clark, of that citv. who was born October 8,
1807. and died July i, 1805, at Mount Holly,
Burlington county, New Jersey

Emeline M. Clark was the daughter of John
Lardner Clark, of Philadelnhia. (born March
20, 1770), and Sophia Marian Ross (born
November 18, 1770"). who were married Au-
gust I, 1797. Sonhia M. Ross wa-^ the daugh-
ter of Dr. John Ross, of Mount Holly, New
Jersey, who was born there. March 2, 1752,
being the son of Dr. Alexander Ross, who was
born in Scotland in I7n. who married Eliza-
beth Becket. niece of Dr. De Normandie. of

Bristol, Pennsylvania, and settled at Mount
Holly prior to 1752. He served some time
as a surgeon during the revolutionary war,
and was one of the original members of the
New Jersey Society of the Cincinnati. Dr.
John Ross, son of Dr. Alexander Ross, was
commissioned a captain in the Third New
Jersey Regiment, February 9, 1776, and major
of the Second New Jersey Regiment, April
7. 1779- Subsequently, he was commissioned
brigade-major and inspector of the Jersey
Brigade, and on December 18, T782, lieutenant-
colonel of the Second New Jersey Regiment.
In these various positions he rendered excel-
lent service during the revolution. Major
John Ross married. July 8, 1778. Mary, only
daughter of the Rev. John Brainerd, who
succeeded his sainted brother. Rev. David
Brainerd, as missionary to the Indians of New
Jersey, and was the originator of the idea of
an Indian reservation, which he was largely
instrumental in having established, near Cross-
wicks, and not far from Mount Molly. This
was the first reservation of the kind, and was
significantly called "Brotherton." Children of
John Clarke Sims: i. Henrv .\ugustus, horn
December 22, 1832. died at Philadelphia. July
TO. 1875 : married. June 30. 1864. Mary Jones,
of Prescott. Canada. 2. ClifTord Stanley, born
February 2, 1835, died May 5, 1837. 3. Cel-
anire Bernoudi, born Julv 24. 1837; married.
November 3. 1850. William Smith Forbes.
M. D. 4. Clifford Stanley, see forward. 5.
John Clark, born September 12, 1845, died at
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania, January 6, 1901 ;
resided at Philadelphia: married, December
27. T877, Grace Ledlie Patterson, of Chest-
nut Hill, Pennsylvania: by whom: i, Grace
Patterson, born November 28, 1878. ii. Jane
Cuyler. born December 21. 1870; married,
November 14. 1006. Dr. .Arthur Newlin. iiJ.
Dorothy Falcon, born March 5, 1881 ; married.
Ttme 20, 1904.' Charles Piatt, iv. Emeline
Marion, born January 22. 1883. v. James
Patterson, born Julv 3'. '^^4. f''ff' January
17. T885. vi. John Clark, born September 22,
1887. vii. Joseph Patterson, born January 6,
t8oo. C\ Tames Peacock, born November 15,
1840: died Mav 20, 1882.

XXVII) Judec Clifl^ord Stanlev Smis. son
of John Clarke and Emeline Marian (Clark)
Sims was born at Emeline Furnace, near
Dauphin, Dauphin county. Pennsylvania, Feb-



ruary 17, 1839, died at Trentcn, New Jer-
sey, March 3, 1896. He was educated at the
Episcopal Academy, in Philadelphia, and be-
gan the study of law when only seventeen
years old, so that when he was admitted to
the bar. May 6, i860, he was twenty-one years
of age and entering manhood. His father was
interested in Philadelphia journalism at fhat
time, and it was natural that he should be
inclined to literature, his particular bent at
that period being history and genealogy. In
recognition of the latter taste, he was elected
a corresponding member of the New England
Historic Genealogical Society. July 3, 1861,
at an age when few are so enrolled. Even
earlier than that, March 9, 1857, he had be-
come a member of the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania. On July 4, 1861, he was ad-
mitted to the New Jersey Society of the Cin-
cinnati, by virtue of his descent from Major
John Ross. He published his first book in
1862, "The Origin and Signification of Scot-
tish Surnames ; with a Vocabulary of
Christian Names." Joel Mimsell, Albanv. a
work of 125 pages, carefully compiled. This
w. rk evinces a degree of scholarship quite re-
markable in a man of twenty-three. In the
meantime he had been delving among the
archives of the New Jersey Cincinnati, with
the result that on July 4, 1862, he submitter'
an historical account of the foundation of that
society, with a list of its original members,
their successors, and other valuable historical
data. It was intended to publish this work,
but the ycung man. starting as an author,
caught the war fever, and enlisted as a pri-
vate in the Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Infan-
try, September 15. 1862. The regiment vol-
unterred to repel Lee's invasion of Pennsyl-
vania : that general haying been repulsed at
Antietam. the regiment was mustered out of
service October 1, 1862. Young Sims, how-
ever, had already entered the navy, having
been appointed captain's clerk, on the steam
frigate "Colorado," September 28, 1862. He
resigned on February 11, 1863. to accept the
higher rank of acting assistant paymaster of
the United States Navy, to which he was com-
missioned March 10, 1863. He did .service
in this postion for nearly a year, most of the
time west of the Mississippi river, where he
took part in a number of scouting expeditions,
capturing prisoners and intercepting the com-

munications of the enemy. On January 27,
1864, he was in a skirmish at Carson's Land-
ing, Mississippi, where he had charge of a
twelve-pound field howitzer on the hurricane
deck of the U. S. gunboat "Queen City," while
exposed to the fire of a body of Confederate
infantry at short range. He handled the gun
with great coolness, and so effectively as to
disperse the enemy, for which service he was
thanked by the commanding officer of the
vessel. He was commissioned lieutenant-col-
onel of the Fou'rth Arkansas Infantry. United
States Volunteers, June 22, 1864; but only
two days later had the misfortune to sustain
a slight wound in an engagement at Clarendon.
Arkansas, where he was taken prisoner, and
consequently was never mustered into ser-
vice again. He remained a prisoner for some
time, and was then released on parole ; but
was not exchanged until the close of the war.
when he resigned, June 10, 1865. During the
period of his enforced non-combatancy, he
was by no means idle ; but turned his attention
to the study of the laws of Arkansas. So as-
siduously had he worked that, on September
13, 1864. he was appointed judge advix-ate-
general of that state, with the rank of colonel,
by Governor Isaac Murphy.

At the close of the war. Colonel Sims re-
moved to Tennessee, where he was licensed to
practice law, but various causes induced him
to return to Arkansas, where he had made
many friends. .Accordinely. he settled in
Desha county, and engaged in cotton-planting.
In 1866. he was commissioned United States
deputy marshal for eastern Arkansas. Maior-
General Ord appointed him a iustice of the
peace in 1867. and he was an active magistrate
until the completion of the reconstruction of
the state. On May 18. 1867, he was offered
the presidency of the board of registrars of
Desha county; but declined to accept the of-
fice. Taking a deep interest in the work of
reconstruction, he was elected a delegate to
the constitutional convention of .\rkansa';. No-
vember 5, 1867. and in that bodv his abilities
as a lawver. a scholar and a man of affairs
were recognized by his assignment to a dozen
of the m-^st important committees, of several
of which be was the chairman. As a natural
corollary of his service in that body, he was
appointed. February 12. i8(S8. a commissioner
to prepare a digest of the laws of the state.




Three days later, he was named commissioner
of elections. It was but fitting that one who
had had so large a share in the framing of
the new organic law should have a part in
the passage of the new body of statutes re-
quisite to carry its provisions int .вАҐ effect. Ac-
cordingly, on March 13, 1868, Colonel Sims
was elected a member of the House of Rejre-
sentatives, and in the new legislatu; c was
chairman of the committee of ways and nw ms,
and a member of the committee on banks.
Governor Powell Clayton appointed him judge
advocate-general of the state, with rank of
brigadier-general, July 14, 1868. Through
the personal friendship of Senator Simon
Cameron and of Senator Roscoe Conkling.
President Grant appointed him United States
consul for the district of Prescott. Canada,
embracing Ottawa, the capital of the Domin-
ion, April 21, 1869. Besides attending to the
purely commercial duties pertaining to that
position, he conducted a correspondence with
the department of state relative to the action
of the Dominion parliament regarding the
treaty of Washington. He discharged the
duties of this important office with characteris-
tic ability and fidelity, until 1878. when he re-
signed, to accept the more lucrative position
of secretary of the Pennsylvania Company,
and of the Pittsburg, Cincinnati & St. Louis
Railway Company, both connected with the
Pennsylvania railway system.

In 1 88 1, Colonel Sims was appointed gen-
eral assistant in the service of the Pennsyl-
vania Railroad Company. In this capacity he
prepared a series of volumes containing sev-
eral thousand pages, containing the legisla-
tion in Pennsylvania, New York. New Jersey,
Mar>-land and Virginia, relative to the Penn-
sylvania railroad and its several subsidiary
companies. He also spent several years in
studving and perfecting the legal titles of the
New Jersey lines of that great corporation,
and having a more accurate knowledge of their
charters, leases and grants than any one else,
his advice was continually sought in their man-
agement. In 1887 he relinquished this con-
nection, and became the president of the Dela-
ware Company, a construction corporation
which built a number of waterworks in Penn-

Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsGenealogical and family history of southern New York and the Hudson River Valley : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the building of a nation (Volume 2) → online text (page 91 of 95)