Cuyler Reynolds.

Hudson-Mohawk genealogical and family memoirs; a record of achievements of the people of the Hudson and Mohawk valleys in New York state, included within the present counties of Albany, Rensselaer, Washington, Saratoga, Montgomery, Fulton, Schenectady, Columbia and Greene (Volume 2) online

. (page 1 of 97)
Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsHudson-Mohawk genealogical and family memoirs; a record of achievements of the people of the Hudson and Mohawk valleys in New York state, included within the present counties of Albany, Rensselaer, Washington, Saratoga, Montgomery, Fulton, Schenectady, Columbia and Greene (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 97)
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FAMILY Memoirs




Curator of The Albany Institute and Historical and Art Society, since 1898; Director of New

York State History Exhibit at Jamestown Exposition, 1907; Author of "Albany

Chronicles," "Classified Quotations," and several other published works.









i ^ "S^ Q O -1


This is a New England fam-
SANFORD ily, that transplanted to New
York, at once took root,
flourished and prospered as if on parent soil.
No name is more closely interwoven with the
history and prosperity of the city of Amster-
dam than that of Sanford. The Sanfords of
Amsterdam descend from Thomas Sanford,
born in England, perhaps from i6oo to i6io,
as near as the date can be located. He is be-
lieved to have been the son of Anthony and
Joane (Stratford) Sanford, and a grandson
of Raulf Sanford,. of Stowe, county of Glou-
cester, England. Thomas Sanford married
about the time he left England, Dorothy,
daughter of Henry Meadows, of Stowe. They
came to Boston, Massachusetts, with the John
Winthrop colony in 1631-33. We first find
Thomas at Dorchester, where he received an
allotment of land in 1634, and again in 1635.
He became a freeman, March 8, 1637. In
1639 he removed with a colony from Dor-
chester and Watertown to Connecticut, and
settled in Milford, New Haven county, where
his name appears in the very earliest records.
He was intimately associated in organizing
the town with Governor Treat, Lieutenant-
Governor Lette, Buckingham, Law, and other
noted men. Stratford was probably named
by him for his paternal grandfather, John
Stratford, father of Joane. His grandson,
Thomas Sanford, was an early settler there.

(I) Thomas Sanford, immigrant, was born
in England, died in Milford, Connecticut, Oc-
tober, 1681, son of Anthony and Joane (Strat-
ford) Sanford. He married, about 1630, Dor-
othy Meadows, by whom he had two children,
born in Massachusetts : Ezekiel, see forward,
and Sarah, wife of Richard Shute. Thomas

Sanford married (second) Sarah , born

in Milford, May 14, 1681, who bore him:
Mary, Samuel, Thomas, Ephraim, Elizabeth,
married Obadiah Allyne. His will is dated
September 23, 1681, and the estate was ap-
praised at about seven hundred pounds.

(H) Ezekiel, eldest son of Thomas and
Dorothy (Meadows) Sanford, settled in Fair-
field, Connecticut, where he died in 1683. He
was a large land owner, as the records show ;
a large part of this he gave to his children
before his death. His widow administered
upon the estate, but died before it was set-
tled. He married, April 25, 1665, Rebecca
Wickla (another authority says Rebecca
Whelpley). Children: Sarah, Ezekiel, see
forward, Mary, Rebecca, Thomas, Martha
and Elizabeth.

(HI) Ezekiel (2), son of Ezekiel (i) and
Rebecca (Wickla) Sanford, was born March
6, 1668, in Fairfield, Connecticut, died in
March, 1728-29, leaving a large estate, one-
third of which real and personal he left to
"my beloved wife Rebecca." Flis will was
made January 29, 1728-29, and probated
March 28, 1728-29. He married, 1696, Re-
beckah Gregory. Children : Joseph, Lemuel,
Zachariah, Ezekiel, Samuel, Ephraim, see for-
ward ; Rebeckah, married William Hill; Abi-
gail, married James Bradley ; EInathan.

(IV) Ephraim, son of Ezekiel (2) and Re-
beckah (Gregory) Sanford, was born in Fair-
field, Connecticut, February 12, 1708-09, died
in Redding, February 6, 1761-62. He settled
in the village of Redding (the northern part
of Fairfield), incorporated as a town in 1767.
The part of the town in which he settled was
called Sanfordtown. He became a very large
land owner, as is shown by numerous deeds
now in possession of his descendants, some
dated as early as 1733. He was engaged in
mercantile business, his first store being in
Redding. He was very successful in all his
ventures, and left an unusually large estate
for his day. To his wife he left nine hundred
and sixty-seven pounds ; to each of his four
sons, seven hundred and sixty pounds ; to
each of his seven daughters, two hundred and
fifty-three pounds. The division was made
May 26, 1763. Fie married, October 7, 1730,
Elizabeth Mix. Children: i. Elizabeth, mar-



ried Jonas Piatt. 2. Rachel, married Stephen
Mead. 3. Abigail, married Daniel Jackson.
4. Hannah, married David Lyon. 5. John, see
forward. 6. Oliver. 7. Lois, married Joseph
Lyon. 8. Tabitha, married Thomas Rothwell.
9. Hulda, married Thomas White. 10. Ephra-
im. II. Augustus. 12. Esther.

(V) John, son of Ephraim and Elizabeth
(Mix) Sanford, was born in Fairfield, Con-
necticut, April 26, 1739, died April 18, 1784.
He married, 1759, Anna Wheeler, who died
in 1 79 1. They were the parents, according to
his will, of James, Elizabeth, John, Stephen,
see forward, Huldah, Eh, Ephraim, Anne, Lois
and Esther. With this generation the family
began to scatter and spread the Sanford name
and fame beyond the confines of New Eng-
land. The descendants of John Sanford are
very noted men in Canada, one in parliament,
another the head of a college. The descend-
ants of Stephen include : Henry Shelton San-
ford, who held many high diplomatic offices,
was the author of a work on International
Maritime Law, prominent in Washington po-
litical circles, and within three days after his
inauguration appointed by President Lincoln
minister to Belgium. It would require an en-
tire work to chronicle the official honors be-
stowed upon him and tell of his wonderful
African exploring achievements. He was the
only American who passed through all the
grades of our consular service from attache
rtj minister plenipotentiary. An intermarriage
brings in the Morgan family and the Hon.
Daniel Nash Morgan, who was treasurer of
the United States from 1893 to 1897, selected
by President Cleveland.

(VI) Stephen, son of John and Anna
(Wheeler) Sanford, was born in Redding,
Connecticut, November 24, 1769, died in Rox-
bury, Connecticut, October 20, 1848. He mar-
ried Sarah Curtis, thus uniting with one of the
families of the Rev. John Beach connection.
She was born at Zoar, Connecticut, September
5, 1771, died at Roxbury, Connecticut, May
8, 1856. Children: Nehemiah C, Charlotte,
Phoebe, John, see forward, Charles, Stephen
and Nelson. Hon Nehemiah C. was the
father of Hon. Henry Shelton Sanford, the

(VII) Hon. John (2), second son of Ste-
phen and Sarah (Curtis) Sanford, was born
in Roxbury, Connecticut, June 3, 1803, died
in Amsterdam, New York, October 4, 1857.
He was the founder in New York of the
Amsterdam Sanford family. In 1821 he left
New England, being then eighteen, and found
employment at school teaching, for a few
terms at Amsterdam and Mayfield, where he
also had a mercantile business. He removed

this business to Amsterdam, where he suc-
cessfully conducted it until 1840. In that
year he was elected to Congress, having so
well demonstrated his fitness to his friends
and neighbors. He served one term, returned
to Amsterdam and built a mill for the manu-
facture of carpets. He is the father of that
great Amsterdam industry that has done so
much for the city and for the family for-
tunes. In 1842 he placed the first product of
his mill on the market. He threw all his won-
derful energy into the development of this in-
dustry until 1854, when the factory was
burned and Mr. Sanford retired from active
business life. Amsterdam owes much to John
Sanford ; he came to the town when it was
little more than a hamlet, and aided materially
in its development, not only by his investment
of capital, but by his public spirit and stirring
example. He married, August 3, 1822, at
Amsterdam, New York, Mary, born March
2, 1803, died November 11, 1888, daughter of
John and Rachel (Winche) Slack. She was
born, reared, educated, died and buried in
Amsterdam, New York. Children: i. Sarah
Caroline, born March 27, 1824, died March
27, 187 1 ; married John Stewart, November
19, 1845, and left a son. Nelson Sanford
Stewart. 2. Stephen, see forward. 3. Nelson,
born June i, 1828, at Amsterdam, New York;
was accidentally killed on the train between
Amsterdam and Albany, August 15, 1848.
4. David, May 4, 1830, died August 11, 1885;
married, November 3, 185 1, Carrie E. Pearl,
and had a son Frank and daughter Mary Ali-
dah. 5. Aledah, March 8, 1833 ; married, De-
cember 29, 1856, James E. Waring, and has
a son Charles Henry and a daughter Alary
Sanford Waring. 6. Harriette, 1836; mar-
ried Henry Sacia, son of Judge David F.
Sacia ; children : Caroline Sanford Gardiner
and Anna Sanford Sacia.

(VIII) Hon. Stephen (2), eldest son of
Hon. John (2) and Mary (Slack) Sanford,^
was born in Mayfield, Montgomery county,
New York, May 26, 1826. He received his
primary education in the public schools, his
academic at "The Academy" at Amsterdam.
He was a student at Georgetown College, D.
C, two and one-half years, leaving that insti-
tution to enter the United States Military
Academy at West Point. In 1844 he re-
turned to Amsterdam to share with his father
the burden of his growing business. He en-
tered the carpet mill and took up practical
work from the beginning, so that when later
he was admitted a partner, he was a thor-
ough master of the details of carpet manu-
facturing. He was admitted to partnership
in 1848. The mill burned in 1854, and his



father retired. Stephen purchased his inter-
est, which then consisted of little more than
smoking ruins. But Mr. Sanford had become
so well convinced of the profit-making possi-
bilities of the business, that, with unbounded
courage and enthusiasm, he rebuilt and re-
sumed business in a small way. Under his skill-
ful management the business, founded by his
father, had grown to one that employs twenty-
five hundred hands and produces an annual
output valued at three millions of dollars.
To accomplish this, required not only capital,
but Mr. Sanford's particular mental equip-
ment, industry, perseverance, integrity, self-
reliance, the capacity to formulate great un-
dertakings and see their consummation. He
is a fine example of the clear-headed self-
reliant, self-made American business man.
With the cares of a growing business on his
shoulders, it was to be supposed that politics
would be neglected, but Mr. Sanford neg-
lected none of the duties of a citizen. He
was an unswerving, loyal Republican, but
would accept for himself but one office. He
was elected in 1868 a member of the forty-
first Congress, served faithfully, but declined
re-election. He was a member of the elec-
toral college that cast the vote of New York
for U. S. Grant and of the national convention
of 1876.

Always interested in public aiifairs and hav-
ing unusual opportunities, Mr. Sanford, in
his long public and semi-public life, formed
the personal acquaintance of many noted pub-
lic men. He was a lifelong friend of Roscoe
Conkling, and his chief lieutenant and adviser
in many of his political campaigns. He was
on terms of intimacy with President Grant,
James G. Blaine, Zachary Chandler, and other
famous statesmen. His reminiscences of these
men, told in his most interesting manner, is
a form of enjoyable entertainment with which
he often favors his chosen circle of friends,
and much unwritten history is then revealed.
He has had manifold outside business inter-
ests. He was director of the Farmers' Bank,
president of the Amsterdam Reservoir Asso-
ciation, which has supplied millions of horse-
power to Amsterdam factories, president of
the Gaslight Company, the Cemetery Asso-
ciation, founder and president of the Amster-
dam City Bank, president of the Montgomery
County Agricultural Society, Amsterdam
Academy, and has other important interests
beyond local limits. In the prosecution of all
large public undertakings, he was appealed
to, not alone for material aid, but for his wise
counsel and sound judgment. Remarkable in
many ways, he is particularly wonderful for
his vast fund of information and his clear.

comprehensive way of conveying it to others.
As a deep thinker and public speaker, he has
commanded and deserved favorable criticism.
His career has been a wonderful one, and no
man who casts a retrospective glance over his
life work has greater cause for self-congratu-
lation than he.

In his public benefactions he has been par-
ticularly kind and generous to the churches
of Amsterdam, without regard to creed. Am-
sterdam Hospital owes its very existence to
his timely help. When the trustees, wholly
discouraged, felt they must surrender, his
check for many thousands had lifted the load,
and given them courage to continue. The
Montgomery County Historical Society
through his generous kindness, was enabled
to purchase the valuable collection of aborigi-
nal relics belonging to the late A. G. Rich-
mond ; also to publish the ''Minutes of Tryon
County." His gift of fifteen thousand dollars
to the "Old Fort Johnson," and an endow-
ment fund, was the crowning act of generosity
that endears him to the society. The Chil-
dren's Home, in which Mrs. Sanford always
was deeply interested, has also been a bene-
ficiary of his charitable, generous nature. He
renovated and rebuilt the "Home," improved
the grounds and enclosed them with an iron
fence, with pillared entrance gates. He bore the
entire cost of the construction of the handsome
"Home for Elderly Women," and presented
it to the trustees as a memorial to his wife,
as is stated on the bronze tablet over the main
entrance. A high iron fence, with massive
stone gateway and entrance, was placed
around the grounds of Green Hill Cemetery
as another memorial to her. The Grand
Army of the Republic remembers with grati-
tude his repeated help in paying their entire
expenses to the grand encampments for a
number of years. St. Mary's Roman Catho-
lic Hospital has also been favored with bene-
factions from Mr. Sanford. These are only
a few of his beneficences. Many others are
known only to the giver and the recipient.

Stephen Sanford married, December 12,
1849, Sarah Jane, daughter of Alexander Gif-
ford and Sarah Dempster (Phillips) Coch-
rane. She was born in New York City, March
4, 1830, and died while on a winter visit to
Aiken, South Carolina, March 22, 1901. Chil-
dren, all born in Amsterdam: i. John, see
forward. 2. William C, see forward. 3. Henry
Curtis, July 30, 1859, died April 19, 1882.
4. Charles Francis, September 21, 1864, died
July 10, 1882. 5. Stephen, October 19, 1868,
died February 20, 1870. The celebration of
the golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Stephen
Sanford, December 12, 1899, was an event



still memorable in the social life of Amster-
dam. She was one of the founders of "The
Children's Home and The Home for Elderly
Women," and was devoted to their welfare.
Many beautiful testimonials to the character
of Mrs. Stephen San ford were offered at the
time of her death by friends,- by the pulpit,
by the press, and in the records of the vari-
ous societies, social, religious and benevolent,
with which she had been connected.

(IX) John (4), eldest son of Hon. Stephen
(2) and Sarah Jane (Cochrane) Sanford, was
born January 18, 1851. He received his early
and academic education in the public schools
and at Amsterdam Academy. In 1865 he en-
tered Poughkeepsie Military Institute, remain-
ing three years. This preparatory training
qualified him for college, and in 1868 he en-
tered Yale, from which time-honored institu-
tion he was graduated A. B., class of 1872.
Returning to z^msterdam, he at once entered
the employ of his father in the carpet mills,
taking a subordinate position. He worked his
way through the several departments, until,
after several years of preparatory service, he
was admitted a member of the firm, the busi-
ness founded by his grandfather in 1840, de-
veloped by his father and himself, until it
stands to-day one of the very greatest of the
industries of the United States. Mr. San-
ford has always been identified with the Re-
publican party. In 1888 he was elected to
congress from the "Saratoga" district. He
took his seat at the opening of the fifty-first
congress, December 2, 1889, and for four
consecutive years served his district well, be-
ing re-elected in 1890. He served on the com-
mittee on manufactures and on civil service.
He took an active part in framing the Mc-
Kinley tariff bill, and rendered valuable serv-
ice to the ways and means committee, by
whom he was selected to reconcile the con-
flicting interests of the woolen manufacturers
and the wool growers. He conducted the fight
before the ways and means committee that
gave the glovemakers of his district victory
over the glove importers and made possible
the manufacture in the United States of ladies'
fine kid gloves. He took an active part in
^'Reciprocity" treaties, and in 1890 framed and
presented resolutions to congress authorizing
the president to enter into reciprocal trade
arrangements with Spain and the Central
and South American republics. He was an
active and useful member. As a speaker on
the floor of the house, he was earnest, able
and impressive. His speech in support of
the mail subsidy bill, advocating a national
policy in the interest of American shipping
and other American industries, was an elo-

quent plea for that important measure that
afterward became a law. During the four
years he was in congress, Mr. Sanford never
failed to reply promptly and fully to every
letter written him from his district, without
regard to the politics or position of the writer.
He was re-elected in 1890 at the election that
swept from power so many Republican states-
men and changed the majority in the National
house of representatives from nineteen Repub-
lican to 246 Democratic. Mr. Sanford served
out his second term, positively declin-
ing a third, declaring his intention to de-
vote his time to private business. Three suc-
cessive generations of the Sanford family have
represented the Montgomery county district in
congress. John Sanford, grandfather, in 1840,
the year of "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too," was
elected to the twenty-seventh congress as a
Democrat, and served one term. In 1868 his
son, Stephen Sanford, was elected to the forty-
first congress from the same district as a Re-
publican. From 1888. to 1892 John Sanford,
grandson, represented the same district, fa-
miliarly known as the "Saratoga" district. He
sat in the fifty-first and fifty-second congresses.
This is probably a case without a parallel in
American politics. Mr. Sanford was a dele-
gate to the National Republican convention
in 1892, and a member of the electoral col-
lege that cast the vote of New York for Presi-
dent iXIcKinley in 1897. He is a member of
the state racing commission, appointed by the
governor. He is a member of the following
clubs: The Jockey, ]\IetropoIitan, University,
Meadow Brook, Turf and Field, Brook, Rac-
quet of New York and the Metropolitan of

Hon. John Sanford married at Sanford,
Florida, February 17, 1892, Ethel, daughter
of Hon. Henry Shelton and Gertrude Ellen
(du Puy) Sanford. Hon. Henry Shelton
Sanford was the accomplished diplomat and
successful business man of previous mention.
His wife, Gertrude Ellen du Puy, was a de-
scendant of one of the early Italian families,
del Paggio, afterwards du Puy — Huguenots.
On the revocation of the edict of Nantes they
fled to America, not, however, before several
members of the family had suft'ered martyr-
dom. Flon. John and Ethel Sanford had
three children: i. Stephen (4), born in Am-
sterdam, New York, September 15, 1899.
2. Sarah Jane, born in Amsterdam, Novem-
ber 8, 1900. 3. Gertrude E. du Puy, born in
Aiken, South Carolina, March 21, 1902.

(IX) William Cochran, second son of Hon.
Stephen (2) and Sarah Jane (Cochrane)
Sanford, was born July 14, 1854, died March
17, 1896. He received all the advantages of




education, and was taught the value and dig-
nit}' of individual effort. He was taken into
the mills and became a valuable assistant.
When his brother, John Sanford, was elected
to congress, William C. was selected to suc-
ceed him in the sales department in the offices
in New York City. Although a young man
for such an important position, he met every
demand made upon him, and more than justi-
fied the wisdom of his appointment. He had
expert technical knowledge, unusual business
ability, and with all his full share of the en-
ergy and keen business acumen of his hon-
ored father. His life promised to be one of
great usefulness, not only to the Sanford
business, but to the community at large. His
early death was deeply regretted. He was

The American family of Read,
READ which began with Colonel John
Read, born inDublin. Ireland, 1668,
son of Henry Read, Esq., and grandson of
Sir Charles Read, of the ancient family of
Barton Court, Oxfordshire. He was in line
of descent from Thomas Read, lord of the
manors of Barton Court and Breedon, in
Berkshire, and high sheriff" of Berks, 1581,
descended from Rede of Troughend. The
Reads in America have been persons of the
highest distinction, including a signer of the
Declaration of Independence, a commodore
United States navy, a chief justice of the
state of Delaware, a senator from Pennsyl-
vania, an adjutant-general of the state of
New York, first United States consul-general
to France, and minister to Greece — in fact,
a history of the Read family in America is
like calling the roll of the country's noted
men. In England the family has a noble and
exceedingly ancient record dating to a remote
period. A manuscript of Queen Elizabeth's
time has a passage in which Rede of Trough-
end is thus described : "Ye Laird of Trough-
wen, the chief of the name of Reed and divers
followers." In 1542- the Redes of Trough-
end were reckoned the second clan of the dale
of Rede. The oldest forms of the name of
the family in Redesdale are Rede and Read,
which in the Troughend family became
changed to Reed, and in the Barton Court
family to Reade, except the American branch,
which spells it Read. A stone tablet in Els-
don Church, Reclesdale, had this remarkable
inscription above the coat-of-arms : ''The an-
cient family of Troughend for above eight
hundred years." The last of the Trough-
end chiefs was Ellerington Reed, who sold
Troughend, and died in 1829. This would
take the clan back to the year 1000, as the

tablet was erected to Ellerington Reed, who
died January 5, 1758. Barton manor, the
cradle, if not the birthplace, of the race, was
acquired by Thomas Reade, founder of the
Barton Court line, in 1550. In 1644 a force
of Cromwell's men attacked Barton Court,
which was vigorously defended. The storm-
ing party only gained access by means of
the torch, and the once stately pile was re-
duced to a heap of smouldering ruins. Bar-
ton Court is on the west bank of the Thames,
a short distance north of Abingdon. Rich-
ard Read (or Reade) of Culham rectory,
Oxfordshire, ancestor of the American Reads,
was third son of Thomas Reade (died 1604'),
and Mary Stonehouse (died 1625), and grand-
son of Thomas Reade, first lord of Barton
Court ; Richard Read married Helen, eldest
child of Sir Alexander Cave, of Bargrave and
Rotherby Leicester. His second son. Sir
Charles Read, born 1622, died 1674, of White-
friars, London, and Dublin, married Catherine
Russell, a kinswoman of his cousin, Sir Wil-
liam Russell. Sir Charles Read's eldest son,
Henry Read, married R'lary Molines, descen-
dant of the old Oxfordshire house of De Mo-
lines, which survive in Lord Ventry. Henry
Read's only son, John Read, was first of the
family to cross over to America, and with
him the American family begins. He was of
the sixth generation from Thomas Reade, first
lord of Barton manor, and of the third from
Richard of Culham Rectory, and tenth from
Edward, high sheriff of Berks, 1439.

(I) Colonel John Read, only son of Henry
and Mary (Molines) Read, was born in Dub-

Online LibraryCuyler ReynoldsHudson-Mohawk genealogical and family memoirs; a record of achievements of the people of the Hudson and Mohawk valleys in New York state, included within the present counties of Albany, Rensselaer, Washington, Saratoga, Montgomery, Fulton, Schenectady, Columbia and Greene (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 97)