D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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and again in May, 1802.

Ellis Wesley Morton was bom in North
Bridgewater (now Brockton), Oct. 8, 18-lS; was son
of Ellis J. and Abby S. (Anthony) Morton. He re-
ceived his early educatiou at the Adelphian Academy
aud North Bridgewater Academy, under the care of
S. D. Hunt, Esq. ; graduated at the Classical High
School, Providence, R. I. ; studied law at Cambridge
Law-School ; graduated with degree of Bachelor of
Laws in 1801 ; admitted to the Suffolk bar, Boston,
Oct. 8, 1861 ; appointed assistant Uuited Status at-
torney for Massachusetts, Nov. 1, 1861 ; received the
appointment of justice of the peace, Jan. 13, 1802;
admitted to the bar of the United States Circuit
Court for Massachusetts, Feb. 17, 1S02; admitted to
the bar of the United States Supreme Court, at
Washington, D. C, March, 1804 ; and became a
resident of Boston; died September, 1S74.

Rarely do we find a person rise to prominent posi-
tion as did this man. As a lawyer he took high
rank, and in whatever position he was placed he ful-
filled the expectation of friends, exhibiting all those
qualities which would bring him into still further
promiuence. He was a representative in the Massa-
chusetts Legislature, as well a* senator, and proved
himself a valuable legislator. Mr. Morton was a
man of refined tastes and culture, and won mauy
friends among all classes by his courteous and gentle-
manly demeanor.

Lucius Cary was son of Moses and Susanna
(Field) Cary ; born 1776 ; graduated at Brown
University, 1791 ; was an attorney-at-law. and died
at Charleston, S. C, 1806, aged thirty years.



THE COURTS AND BAR.



59



Eliab Whitman, the subject of this notice, was
the son of Scth Allen and Philibcrt (Whitman) Whit-
man ; born in that part of Bridgewater now known as
East Bridgewatcr, May 30, 1788. He prepared for
college at the Bridgewater Academy under the tui-
tion of John Shaw, then the preceptor of the academy,
and who is still living in Bridgewater ; graduated at
Brown University, at Providence, 1817 ; returned to
his native town, and there studied law in the office of
Hon. Nahum Mitchell, afterward judge of the Probate
Court, and later judge of the Court of Common Pleas
for Plymouth County. After his admission to the bar i
he settled in Lisbon, Me., where he practiced his pro-
fession for about two years. In 1813 he returned to
Bridgewatcr, and settled in that portion of the town
which was afterward incorporated as North Bridge-
water ; married Susannah, daughter of John Wales,
May 18, 1817. Here he passed his life without am-
bition in the quiet discharge of the duties that rested
upon him, where he died, Sept. 16, 1861. He was
twice representative of the town in the Massachusetts
Legislature, in the years 1840 and 1841, but gen-
erally shrunk from public office. He was described
by one who knew him well as a mau of severe in-
tegrity, whom neither money nor emolument of any
kind could induce to practice any misrepresentation,
trick, artifice, or injustice. He was not an advocate,
rarely engaged in trials before a jury or even before
the bench ; but his integrity, punctuality, diligence,
and carefulness brought him a considerable office
business, and he was present to attend to it at all
proper hours until age and infirmity prevented. In
a-word, he minded his own business and that of his
clients, and was utterly devoid of the ambition of
making a figure in the world. He was the only at-
torney in the town for many years ; was on the
school committee several years. He married, first,
Susanna Wales, 1817 ; second, Harriet Souther Pack-
ard, 1841.

His children were (1) Sarah, born 1818, married
Rev. Jonathan Coe, of Winsted, Conn., she died at
Athens, N. Y., Sept. 24, 1843 : (2) Sumuel Allen,
born 1S20, died 1842 ; (3) Susan, born 1823, mar-
ried Rev. Jonathan Coe.

His wife died Aug. 12, 1825. He then married
Harriet Souther, daughter of Samuel Packard, June
S, 1841, and had (4) Jane Fiances, Dec. 30, 1843,
died July 28, 1847 ; (5) Julia Ellen, Feb. 19, 1846,
died Aug. 18, 1846.

Jonathan White, Esq., is son of Jouathan and
Abigail (Holbrook) White; born in East Randolph,
Mass., Aug. 22, 1819 ; fitted for college at Phillips
Academy, Andover ; entered Yale College in 1840 ;



graduated in 1844; studied law at Cambridge Law-
School ; opened a law-office in North Bridgewater
(now Brockton) in 1849 ; appointed justice of the
peace March 19, 1851, and justice of peace and
quorum throughout the commonwealth March 15,
1859; represented' the town of North Bridgewatcr in
the Legislature in 1865 ; member of the Senate,
1869, 1877-78, and is a successful attorney aud
counselor-at-law. He married Nancy Mehetabel,
daughter of John Adams, of Holbrook, Mass., and
had three children.

Austin Packard, Esq., was son of Thomas and
Joanna (Edson) Packard; was born in North Bridge-
water, Jan. 15, 1801 ; graduated at Brown Univer-
sity in 1821 ; studied law in the office of Hon. Wil-
liam Baylies, of West Bridgewater, and was admitted
to the bar in 1824, and was an attorney and couu-
selor-at-law in West Bridgewatcr ; a successful prac-
titioner. He has been a prominent man in town
affairs, having held many public offices of trust ;
represented the town of West Bridgewater in the
Massachusetts Legislature in 184S ; was justice of
the peace and trial justice for Plymouth County,
which office he held from the date of the creation
of that office till his death ; he was also selectman,
assessor, and overseer of the poor for eighteen years
in succession ; frequently served as moderator of
the town-meetings. He married Charlotte, daughter
of Abiel and Alice (Wetherell) Ames, of West
Bridgewater.

Timothy Rdggles was born in Rochester in
1711, and graduated at Harvard in 1732. After
practicing law in his native town some years, in one
of which he represented it in the General Court, he
removed to Sandwich, where he added to his law busi-
ness the business of a tavern-keeper. In 1755 lie
removed to Hardwick,and in 1757 was made a judge
of the Court of Common Pleas for Worcester County,
over which court he was appointed presiding justice
iu 1762. He represented Hardwick in the General
Court, aud iu 1702 and 1763 was Speaker of the
House of Representatives. In the Revolutionary
struggle he adhered to the royal cause, and in 1774
received and accepted the appointment of " man-
damus counselor." On the evacuation of Boston he
removed to Long Islaud, and thence to Halifax, where
he died in 1798, at the age of cighty-sevcu.

William Coshino was born iu Scituate in 1732,
and was the son of John Gushing, one of the justices
of the Plymouth County Court of Common Pleas,
and afterwards a justice on the bench of the Provin-
cial Superior Court. He graduated at Harvard in
1751, and studied law with Jeremy Gridley. After



60



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



his admission to the bar be settled, in 1755, in Dres-
den, Me., then a part of Pownalboro', and is said by
Washburn to have been the first regularly-educated
lawyer in that province. In 1760 he was appointed
judge of probate for Lincoln County, and in 1772
was appointed judge of the Superior Court. John
Adams was appointed chief justice in 1775, but never
sat on the bench, and on his resignation, in 1776,
Judge Cushing was appointed to fill the vacancy. In
17S9 he was appointed justice of the United States
Supreme Court, and on the resignation of Judge Jay
was made its chief justice. Ill health compelled him,
however, to decline the promotion, and he continued
to hold the position of associate justice until his death.
He died in 1810 at Scituate, where he had many
years resided, and is there buried.

Before closing this record of the Plymouth County
courts and bar, it will be proper to refer more par-
ticularly to the justices of the old County Court of
Common Pleas. The following list will show the
term of service of each :



Nathaniel Thomas 1702-12

John Cushing 17U2-28

James Warren 1702-14

Joseph Otis 1703-14

Isuae Winslow 1712-38

Nathaniel Thomas 1715-38

Sclh Arnold 1717-21

Isaae Lothrop, Sr 1721-31

Isaac Lothrop, Sr 1739-43

Josiah Cotton 1729-17



Nicholas Sever 1731-02

John Cushing 1738-47

Thomas Clapp 1743-70

Peter Oliver 1747-50

Isaae Lothrop, Jr 1748-49

Elijah Cushing 1751-62

Thomas Foster 1750-74

John Winslow 1762-74

Gamaliel Bradford 1762-74

Josiah Edson 1771-74



Of these, Isaac Winslow, of Marshfield, the son of
Governor Josiah Winslow, was made chief justice in
17-8, and for many years held both the office of judge
of the Commou Pleas Court and that of judge of pro-
bate. The first Nathaniel Thomas was admitted to
the bar in Boston in 1686, but made Marshfield and
Plymouth his places of residence. In the Plymouth
Colony he was one of the associates to hold County
Courts after 1685. In 1689, Andros created Courts
of Common Pleas, but ou his deposition the associate
courts were restored, and Mr. Thomas was reinstated.
In 1702 he was appointed judge of the Court of Com-
mon Pleas, then re-established, and in 1712 was pro-
moted to a seat on the bench of the Superior Court
of the province, and held his seat until his death, in
1718. His son, the second Nathaniel on the above
list, was for many years the chief justice of the
court. Nicholas Sever was a resident of Kingston.
He was born in Roxbury, and graduated at Harvard
in 1701. He studied for the ministry, and was set-
tled in Dover, N. H., from 1711 to 1715. He soon
afterwards removed to Kingston, where he married,
and coutiuued to reside until his death, in 1764, at
the age of eighty-four. John Winslow was son of



Chief Justice Winslow, of the same court. He was
educated as a merchant, and in early life was ap-
pointed register of probate for Plymouth County.
He soon after entered military life, and won high
distinction. In 1740 he coiumauded a company in
the ill-fated expedition against Cuba; in 1744 was
in command of a company forming part of an expedi-
tion against the French in Nova Scotia ; in 1755, as
lieutenant-colonel under Col. Monckton, he took an
active and responsible part in the removal of the
" French Neutrals" ; in 1756 was in command, under
Lord Loudon, of an expedition against Crown Point;
in 1757 was commissioned major-general by Governor
Pownal, and had his commission renewed by Governor
Bernard in 1762. In the last-named year he was ap-
pointed chief justice of the Common Pleas Court, and
held this office until his death, in 1774. The second
John Cushing in the list of justices was the son of
the first. He was born in Scituate in 1605, and
there died in 1778, at the age of eighty-two. He
held the office of judge of probate from 1738 to 1746,
and during the same time was judge of the Court of
Common Pleas. He was promoted to a seat ou the
bench of the Superior Court of the province, which
he resigned in 1771.

In 1761 the question of granting " writs of as-
sistance" was argued before the court by Gridley in
favor, and Thatcher and Otis against, the application.
The court sitting on that occasion were Chief Justice
Thomas Hutchinson, Benjamin Lynde, John Cushing,
Peter Oliver, and Chambers Russell. Peter Oliver,
another justice of the Court of Common Pleas of
Plymouth County, was born in Boston in 1712, and
graduated at Harvard in 1730. Though not educated
to the law, he was appointed judge in 1747, and in
1756 was promoted to a seat on the bench of the
Superior Court. During his official life he made
Middleboro' his residence. In 1772, after the resig-
nation of Judge Lynde, lie was made chief justice.
One of the causes of dissatisfaction before the Revo-
lution was the dissolution by the Crown of the con-
trol of courts of justice by the General Court. The
salary of the judges of the Superior Court had been
fixed by the General Court, and paid by an annual
grant. The crown now assumed the payment of the
salaries, and raised the salary of chief justice from
two hundred to four huudred pounds. Against the
determined will of the General Court, Oliver was the
only judge who dared to accept his salary. Articles
of impeachment, though never tried, were drawn up
against him. In 1776, on the evacuation of Boston,
he went to England, and died at Birmingham in
1791, at the age of seventy-nine.



THE PLYMOUTH DISTRICT MEDICAL SOCIETY.



Gl



Nutk. — The sketched in the foregoing record of Perez Sim-
mons, John D. Long, Jolin A. Andrew, Solomon Lincoln, John
F. Andrew, Jacob B. Harris. Jesse E. Keith, Welcome Young,
Nahum Mitchell, B. W. Harris, William II. Osborne, Aaron
Hobart, Williams Latham, Jared Whitman, llo.-ea Kingman,
Bartholomew Brown, Jonas K. Perkins, William II. Wood,
Eliab Ward, Zephaniah Swift, Sctb Miller, Thomas Burgess,
Tristam Burgess, Abraham Holmes, Joseph Sampson Beal,
Bradford Kingman, Daniel Howard, Lucius Kingman, Caleb
Howard, Melville Hayward, Ellis Wesley Morton, Lucius Cary,
Eliah Whitman, Jonathan White, Austin Packard, Esq., Tim-
othy Buggies, and William Cushing, were contributed by other
writers. The names of some of these writers are disclosed in
foot-notes. V. T. u.

The only existing record of admissions to the bar
begius in 1825, and contains the following list:



Admitted.

Jacob H. Loud 1825

Solomon Linculn 1826

Ebenczer T. Fogg. 1825

Joseph Sampson 1S27

Samuel Stetson 1S29

Calvin Tildcn, Jr 1.S28

Williams Latham 1830

Gustavo* Gilbert 1831

Charles K. Whitman 18IU



Admitted.

Frank T. Morton 1861

Morton B. Mitchell 1802

George L. Faxon 1862

George B. Fitts 1862

J. K. Hayward 1862

Barnabas Holmes 1864

Wni. H. Osborne 1864

Oriu F. Gray 1864

Hosca Kingman 1866



James H. Whitman 1833 j Daniel G. Thompson 1S6S

J.C.Sullivan 1869

Charles M. Head 186'J

Ucury K. Braley 1873

Arthur Lord 1874

F. C. Sproat 1874

John F. Simmons 1875

Millard E. Brown 1875

Hamilton L. Gibbu 1875

Frank M. Wilkins 1875

Henry Augustus Blake... 1876
Lloyd E. Chamberlain... 1377

Alfred F. Sears, Jr 1877

Eliab L. Packard 1877

Jesse B. Putter 1877

James Godfrey 1877

B. It. Curtis 1878

Edward E. Hobart 1878

Chester M. Perry 1878

Noah A. Poole 1378

Isaac M. Jackson 1878

Bobert 0. Harris 187'J

Charles II. Edsou 1830



Ellis Amos 1333

Samuel Breck 1834

William H.Eddy 1834

Zeno Scudder 1836

Eliab Ward 1836

Junius Tilden 1836

James II. Wilder 1832

William II. Sturtevant... 1831

C. B. H. Fessenden 1837

James S. Baker 1838

Joseph S. Beal 1838

Jothaiu Lincoln, Jr 1339

Ephiuim Ward, Jr 1839

Kussell h. Hathaway 184U

Joshua B. Thomas 1840

Jonathan F. Moore 1S40

Wm. 11. Wood 1842

Charles (i. Davis 1S43

John Kddy 1843

Everett Robinson 1846

Wm. II. Spear 1348

Nicholas Hathaway 1850



Jesse E. Keith 1850 Quincy C. Bird 18.10

John Ordrouuux 1853 David II. Gibbs 1880

Wm. F. Spear 1353 . Joseph H. Strong 1331



J. C. Bay 1354

Morrill Kobinson 1855

Edward Seleo 1858

D. E. Damon 1853

E. Granville Pratt 1859

Albeit Mason I860

Charles H. Drew I860



Arthur P. Peterson 1831

Lawrence J. Donuvun... 1382

Charles S. Davis 1882

Silas A. Besse 1882

Charles W. Robinson 1S.S3

Harvey 11. Pratt 1883

Edgar O.Achon 1884



James G. Sproat 1860 | Hamlin E. Eastman 1334

W. E. Jewell 1860 ]

Some in the above list have died, some have re-
moved into other counties, and some belonging to
other counties found it convenient to be admitted at
Plymouth. There are others admitted to the bar else-
where and now living in the county either iu or out
of practice, as follows :

William II. Whitman Plymouth.

Perez Simmons Hanover.

John J. Russell Plymouth.

William T. Davis Plymouth.

Joseph O. Burdett Iliughaiii.

Edward 0. Cooku Scituatu.



B. W. Harris East Bridgcwater.

Ezra S. Whitmarah East Bridgcwater.

William Hedge Plymouth.

Francis M. Vaughan Middleboio'.

W. W. Wilkins Brockton.

Jonathan White Brockton.

Charles W. Sumner Brockton.

Ira A. Leach Brockton.

Otis L. Bonney South Aeington.

George W. Kelley Rockland.

C. M. Perry Rockland.

E. L. Packard Brockton.

John D. Fiske Brockton.

George Lunt Scitualc.

W. J. M.icoinber Brockton.

Walton Bouvc Hingham.

John D. Long Hingham.

Henry Hooper Hingham.



CHAPTER III.

THE PLYMOUTH DISTRICT MEDICAL SOCIETY.



BY ft. P. 1IORDEN, M.I).



The Massachusetts Medical Society was organized
in the year 1781, and as time rolled on it was found
necessary that district or branch societies should be
formed, as the membership increased rapidly by addi-
tions from all parts of the commonwealth, and a full
attendance at all the meetings was rendered more dif-
ficult. Each branch Bociety was named from the lo-
cation or county in which it was organized. The first
meeting of the Plymouth District Medical Society
was held at the King House, iu the town of Alding-
ton, May 27, 1851, at ten o'clock a.m.

" The meeting was organized by calling Dr. Ezekiel
Thaxter to the chair, and Dr. Winslow Warren was
appointed clerk. This body was organized by an in-
formal vote, and the following officers were elected by
ballot: Paul L. Nichols, presideut ; Winslow War-
ren, secretary ; Alfred C. Garralt, treasurer.

" The medical gentlemen present enrolled their
names in the following order: Ezekiel Thaxter, Paul
L. Nichols, Hector Orr, Winslow Warren, Alfred C.
Garratt, Samuel Orr, Timothy Gordou, lieujaiuiu
Hubbard, Josiah S. Hammond, Charles A. King,
and Francis Collamore.

" Ezekiel Thaxter and Timothy Gordon were elected
as councilors ; Timothy Gordou and Josiah S. Ham-
mond as censors. After expressions of views and feel-
ings in regard to organization, etc., it was resolved to
adopt, in an informal manner, the by-laws and regu-
lations of the Norfolk District Medical Society, to be
altered or worded by the secretary as to apply to us
pro tern., and by which wo mutually agree to be
guided aa a society.



HISTORY OP PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



" After listening to some very appropriate remarks
by the president-elect, and partaking of a sumptuous
dinner, and again to remarks by several gentlemen, it
was resolved to adjouru, to meet agaiD at the same
time and place on Nov. 12, 1851."

The above record is the first one ever made by the
secretary of the Plymouth District Medical Society.
Of the above list of original members all but four are
dead. Dr. Alfred C. Garratt now resides in Boston,
and has become widely known as an author of several
works on electricity as a therapeutical agent. Among
his writings is a contribution to the Boston. Medical
and Stiryicul Journal, 1860, on a case of " Electro-
puncture of the Diaphragm aud Heart in Drowning,
with recovery." The other three now living are Dra.
Benjamin Hubbard, of Plymouth ; Josiah S. Ham-
mond, of Plympton ; and Francis Collamore, of Pem-
broke. The officers constituting this society consist
of a president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer, li-
brarian, reporter, a board of councilors, a board of
censors, a committee on ethics, and a committee on
nominations.

" It shall be the duty of the councilors to attend
to all the stated meetings of the councilors at the time
and place specified in the by-laws of the State so-
ciety, and such other special meetings as may be called
by the president, and to perform such other duties as
are specified in Articles xviii. and six. of the by-laws
of the State society."

The duty of the censors is to examine all candidates
for admission to the district society, according to the
by-laws of the State society. Each candidate ad-
mitted must be a resident of the Plymouth District,
which admission makes him also a member of the
Massachusetts Medical Society.

The duties of the other officers are self-evident and
require no explanation.

The meetings differ but little in character, the gen-
eral routine being as follows:

The president calls the meeting to order, the secre-
tary reads the records of the former meeting, and they
are subjected to the members for inspection, correc-
tion, aud acceptance. Communications to the society
are now received, and all business relating to the or-
ganization is attended to, after which an essay is read
and followed by a discussion. Cases are reported aud
discussed. The essayist, aud those who report cases,
are appointed at a previous meetiug by the presideut
in alphabetical order. A dinner follows, aud after a
sufficient length of time the meetiug is adjourned
until the next regular date, which, in the case of this
society, occurs once in every three mouths, the elec-
tion of officers being annually held in April.



It was a number of years following the organiza-
tion of this society that the interest among its mem-
bers became strong enough to insure enthusiastic
work, for we read from the records that at the next
annual meeting only one member was present, Dr.
Alfred C. Garratt. It was found that by varying the
places of meeting, so as to accommodate all members
equally, the iuterest began to revive, and in 1854 the
membership numbered nearly forty. As the years
roll on the interest seems to still increase, and although
the number of members is not as great as might be
expected for the length of time, still the ranks are
full, and the rapid changes which death must always
make, and the continual changes of residence, are
more than balanced by yearly additious. The last
meeting of this society was held at the Culver House,
North Abington, April 10, 188-1, when the following
officers were elected :

President, Francis Collamore, M.D., Pembroke;
Vice-President, Henry F. Borden, M.D., Brockton ;
Secretary and Treasurer, J. E. Bacou, M.D., Brock-
ton ; Librarian, A. A. Mackeen, M.D., South Abing-
ton ; Committee on Trials, W. Pierce, M.D., Plym-
outh ; Reporter, J. E. Bacon, M.D., Brockton; Com-
mittee on Nominations, W. Peirce, M.D., Plymouth.

Councilors, H. W. Dudley, M.D., Abington ; J.
C. Gleaaon, M.D., Rockland; B. F. Hastings, M.D.,
South Abington ; W. Pierce, M.D., Plymouth ; A. E.
Paine, M.D., Brockton.

Censors, H. F. Borden, M.D., Brockton ; E. A.
Chase, M.D., Brockton; E. D. Hill, M.D., Plym-
outh ; C. S. Millet, M.D., Rockland ; J. W. Spooner,
M.D., Hingham.

Committee on Ethics, H. F. Copeland, M.D., South
Abington ; J. B. Brewster, M.D., Plymouth ; J. H.
Averhill, M.D., Brockton.

The following is a full list of the members of the
Plymouth District Medical Society at the date of
the last meeting :

Allen, 1! Brockton.

Averhill, J. II I'aiupullo.

Bacon, J. £ Brockton.

Burden, H. F Brockton.

Brewster, J. It Plymouth.

Bruwnell, Nathan P South Soituate.

Chase, E. A Brockton.

(Jnibholui, W. P Brockton.

Copeland, II. F South Abington.

Cornish, Ellis II Carver.

* 'ul hi more, Francis Peui broke.

Dudley, Henry W Abington.

F robes, Joseph B Bridgcwatcr.

French, John Hanover.

Freeman, George E Brockton.

Gleoson, Jubal C lloeklund.

Gruver, S. J Brockton.

Hagar, Joseph Kast Marshlicld.

Hammond, Josiah S Plymptun.

Hammond, It Cam pel lo.

Hastings, B. F South Abington.



THE PLYMOUTH DISTRICT MEDICAL SOCIETY.



03



Hill. E. D Plymouth.

Howes, Woodbiidgc K Hanover.

Hubbard, Benjamin Plymouth.

Jaukson, Alexander 1'lyuioutli.

Junes, Henry N Kiugston.

Litulifield, W. H Hull.

Maekeen, A. A South Abington.

Millet. Asa East Bridge water.

.Millet, C. S Kucklund.

Paine, A. Elliot Brocktou.

Peiree, W Plymouth.

Pratt, L'alvin Bridgewiiter.

Bipley, F. J Brockton.



Robbing, J. H Ilinghaui.

Sawyer, B. A Lluxbury.

Sawyer, Edward Bridge water.

Spoonur, Ji.lm W Itingbaiii.

Tanner, Nelson B North Abington.

Thomas, Flavel S Hanson.

Vinal, F.T Seituatc.

Watson, G. H llridgewater.

Watson, P. C Miinlincld.

Weston, Uervey E llinghiuii.

Wheatley, F. Q North Aldington.

Wilde, James Duxbury.



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH.



BY WILLIAM T. DAVIS.



CHAPTER I.

SCROOBY— HOLLAND— THE VOYAGE— THE LAND-
ING.

No history of this ancient town can make any
claim to thoroughness without a reference to those
movements in the Old World which resulted in its
settlement. Though the fruit which has grown and is
ripening on these western shores bears no resemblance
to any seen before, the brauches through whose chan-
nels it draws its life are grafts of the parent tree, for
whose roots we must search in foreign soil. The evolu-
tion of principles and events, making the history of man
a single chain connecting the world of to-day with
the remotest past, tempts the historian into more re-
mote fields than the demands of a mere historical
sketch of any town, city, or even nation would jus-
tify. No clear statement, however, of the Pilgrim
colonization of New England can be made without a



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