D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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John Peirce and his Associates have already transported and [

undertaken to transporte at their cost and charges themselves
and dyver's pson's into Now England and there to erect and
build a Towne and settle dyvers Inhabitants for the advance-
ment of the gonerall plantacon of that Country of New Eng-
land now the Sayde President and Counsell in consideracon
thereof and for the furtherance of the said plantacon and in-
coragement of the said Undertakers have agreed to grant as-
signe allott and appoynt to the said John Peirce and his asso-
ciates and every of them his and their h tires and assigned ono
hundred acres of ground for evry pson so to be transported be-
sides dyvers pryviledges Liberties and commodyteos hereafter
menconed, And to that intent thoy have granted allutted as-
signed and confirmed And by their presents doe grant allott
assign and confirmo unto tho said John Peirce and his Associ-
ates his and their heires *fc assignes and the heires »fc assigned
of evry of them sevrally and respecty vello one hundred sevrall
acres of ground in New England for evry pson so transported
or to be transported yf the said John Pcirco or his Associates
conly nuo thoro three whole veers either at ono or severall tymes
or dye in the meane season after bo or thoy are shipped with
intent there to inhabit. The same land to be taken it chosen
by them their deputies or assignes in any place or place where-
soever not already inhabited by any English and wile re no Eng-
lish pson or psons are already placed or sottlcd or have by order
of said President and Couneell madochoyce of nor withiu Tenu
mylcs of the same unless it be ou tho opposite syde of some
great or Navigable Ryver to the former particular plantacon
together with the ono half of tho Uyver or Kyvers that is to
say to the middest thereof as shall adjoyuo to sueb lands as
they shall make choyco of together with alt such Liberties
pryvileges profitts £ comodyties as the said Land and Kyvera
which they shall make choyce of shall yield together with free
libertie to fish on and upou tho coast of New Englaud and in
all havens ports and creeks Thereunto belonging and that no
pson or psons whatsoever shall take any benelitt or libertie of
or to any of the grounds oq the one half of the Ry vers afore-
said excepting the free use of highways by land and Navigable
RyverB but that the said undertakers and planters their heires
and assignes shall have the sole right and u;e uf the said grounds
and the one half of tho said Kyvers with all their profit ts
and appurtenances. And for as much as the said John Peirce
and his associates intend and have undertaken to build Churches,
Schooles, Kospitalls Town Houses, JSridges and such like workes
of chary tie. As also for the maynteyning of Magistrates and
other inferior officers in rogard whereof and to tho end that the
said John Peirce and his Associates his and their heires and
assignes may have wherewithal! to bearc <t support such like
charges There/ore the suid President and Couneill aforesaid
do graunt unto the said Undertakers their heirs A assignes
Fifteene hundred acres of Land moreover and above the afore-
said possescon of one hundred the pson for evry Undertaker
and planter to bu ymployed upon such public usis as the said
Undertakers k Planters shall thinck litt, Ami they do further
graunt unto the said John Peirce and his Associates their heires
and assignes that for evry pson that they or any of them shall
transport at their owne proper cosU Jt charges into New Eng-
land cither unto the Lands hereby grauntcd or adjoyuingc to
them within seaven years after tho feast of St. John Baptist
next comeing yf the said pson transported contynue these
three whole years either at one or severall tymes or dye in the
meane seas in after he is shipped with intent there to inhabit
that the said pson or psons that shall so at his or their owne
charges transport any other shall have grauntcd and allowed
to him and them and his Jk their heirs respectyvelie for evry
pson so transported or dyeing after ho is shipped one hundred
acres of Land and also thatevry pson or psons who by contract it



agreaiucnt to be had a wade with tho said Undertakers shall
at his & their own charge transport him £ themselves or any
others and setle and plant themselves in New England within
tn said seaven yeeres for three yeeres space as aforesaid or dye
in the meane tyme shall have graunted & allowed unto evry
pson so transporting or transported and their heires and assignes
respectively the lik number of one hundred acres of Land as
aforesaid tho same to be by Mm &, them or their heires or
assignes chosen in any entyre place together and adjoyoing to
the aforesaid Lands and not straglingly not before the tyme
of such choyce made possessed or inhabited by any English
Company or within tenne inyles of the same except it be
on the opposite syde of some great Navigable Ryver as afore-
said. Yielding and paying unto the said President and
Cuunsull for every hundred acres so obteyued and possessed
by the said John Peirce and his said Associates and by those
said other psons and their heires A assignes who by cuntract as
aforesaid shall at their onne charges transport thcinselvos or
others tho Yerely rent of two shillings at the feast of St.
Michael Tharchaungell to the hand of the Runt gatherer of the
President *fc Counsell and their successors forever the first pay-
ment to begyn after the xperacon of the first seaven yeeres next
after the date hereof And further it shall bo lawful to and for
the said John Peirce and his associates and such as contract
with them as aforesaid their Tennants & servants upon dislike
of one in the country to rcturne for England or elsewhere
with all their goods A chattclls at their will A: pleasure without
lett or disturbance of any paying all debts that justly shal be
demanded And likewise it shall be lawful! and is granted to
and for the said John Peirce his Associates & Planters their
heires & assignes their Tennants St, servants and such as they
or any of them shall contract with as aforesaid and send and
ymploy for tho said plantacon to goe A returne trade traOig im-
port and transport their goods As merchandise at thoir will &
pleusure into England or elsewhere paying only such duties to
the King's majestic his heires k successors as the Piesideut &
Counsell of New England doo pay without any other taxes Im-
posicons burthens or restraints whatsoever upon them to be
ymposod the rent hereby reserved being only excepted. And it
shall be lawfull for the said Undertakers & Planters their heires
& successors freely to truck trade A traffig with the salvages in
New England or neighboring thereabouts at their wills aud pleas-
ures without lett or disturbance, As also to have libcrtie to huut
haukc fish or fowle in any place or places not now or hereafter
by the English inhabited. Aud the autd President A Counsell
do coveuant A, pruuiysc to and with the said John Peirce and
his Associates and others contracted with as aforesaid his: and
their heires A assignes. That upon Lawfull survey to be had
A made at the charge of the said Undertakers .v Planters and
lawfull informacon given of the bounds meets aud quantytee
of Land so as aforesaid to be by them chosen A possessed they
the said President A. Counsell upon surrender of this prcsonte
graunt and Indenture and upon reasonable request to be made
by the said Undertakers X Planters their heires A assignes
within seaven Yeeres now noxt coining shall and will by their
Deed Indented and under their Coiuoo Sealo graunt enfeotfe
and continue all and evry the said lauds so sett out and boarded
as aforesaid to the said Johu Pcirco and his associates aud such
as contract with them their heires A assignes iu as large and
bcneticcall manner as the same are in these presence graunted
or intended to be graunted to all intents & purposes with all
and every particular priviledge & freedom e reservaceon A eon-
dicon with all dependacis herein spccyficd & graunted. And
shall also at any tyme within the said tcrinc of Seaven Yeeres
upou request unto the said President X Counsell make grauut
unto them the said John Peirce and his Associates Undertakers

*fc Planters their heires A assignes Letters A Graunts of Incor-
poracon by some usual and fitt name a; ty tie with Liberty to
them and their successors from tyme to tyme to make orders
Lawes ordynaunces Jt conslitucons for the rule government
ordering & dyrectory of all psons to be transported <k settled
upon the lands hereby graunted intended to be graunted or
hereafter to be graunted and of the said Lands «t protlitts thereby
arrysing. And in the meane tyme untill such graunt made yt
shal be lawfull for the said John Peirce his Associates & Un-
dertakers A Planters their heires X assignes by consent of the
greater part of them To establish such lawes A ordynauueis as
are for their better government and the same by such officer
or officers as they shall by most voyces elect A. choose to put in
execucon. And lastly the said President A; Counsell do graunt
and agree to and with the said John Peirce and his Associates
and others contracted with and ym ployed as aforesaid their
heires and assignes That when they have planted the Lands
hereby to them assigned tfc appoynted That then it shal be law-
full for them with the pry vi tie <k allowance of the President A;
Counsell as aforesaid to make choyce of to enter into and to
have an addition of fiftee acres mere for evry pson transported
into New England with like reservaeons conditions and privi-
lodges as are above graunted to be had and chosen in such
place or places where no English shal be then settled or inhab-
iting or have made choyce of and the same entered into a Hook
of Acts at the tyme of such choyco is to be made or within
tenne miles of the same excepting on the opposite sydc of some
great navigable River as aforesaid. And it shall and may be
lawfull for the said John Peirce and his Associates their heires
«fc assignes from tyme to tyme and at all tymes hereafter for
their severall defence and savetie to encounter repulse repel I A;
resist by force of Amies as well by Sea as by Land and by all
wayes and meanes whatsoever all such pson and psons as without
the especial) lyoense of the said President or Counsell and their
successors or the greater part of them shall attempt to inhabit
within the several presenctsand lymittsof their said Plantacon;
or shall enterpryso or attempt at any tyme hereafter destiuceon
Invation detryment or annoyance to the said Plantacon. And
the »aid John Peirce and his Associates and their heires £ as-
signes do covenant At proiuyso to A with the said President &,
Counsell and thoir successors That they the said John Peirce
and his Associates from tyme to tyme during the said Seaven
Yeeres shall make a true Certificate to the said President A
Counsell and thoir successors from the chief officers of tho
places respectyvely of evry pson transported A. landed in New
Englund or shipped as aforesaid to be entered by the Secretary
of the said President A Counsell into a Register book for that
purpose to be kept And the said John Poirce and his Associates
jointly and severally for them their heires £ assignes do cove-
nant promyse «fc graunt to and with the said President tfc Coun-
sell and their successors That the psons transported to this
their particular Plantacon shall apply themselves A' their Labors
in a large & competent manner to the planting setting making
A procuring of goods A. staple comaiodyties in A upou the said
Land hereby graunted unto them as come a silkgranc hemp (tax
pitch and tarre sopeoshes and potashes yron clapboard and
other the like materealls. In Witnenn whereof the said Presi-
dent A Counsell have to the one part of the present Indenture
sett their stales, And to the other part hereof the said John
Peirce in the name of himself and his said Associates have sett
to his seale given the day and yeeres first above written."

It has been erroneously supposed that this pateut
was superseded by another issued in 1G22. The
latter, however, was issued to Mr. Peirce uu what



appear to have been false representations to subserve
his personal interests, and secure, if possible, the colo-
nists as his tenants. His purpose was discovered in
season to prevent the consummation of his plan, and
the new patent was not bought by the friends of the
Pilgrims, as has been repeatedly asserted, but by
order of the president and Council was surrendered
and canceled.

A letter was received by the " Fortune" from Mr.
Weston, one of the merchant adventurers, addressed
to Governor Carver (then dead), a part of which —
for a better understanding of the situation — is given
below :

'• I durst nevor acquainte the adventurers with the alteration
of tho conditions first agreed on between us, which I have since
been vory glad of, for I am well assured bad they known as
much as I do they would not have adventured a balf-penny of
what was neccssury for this ship. That you sent no lading in
the ship (' Mayflower') is wonderful, and worthily distorted.
I know your weakness was the cause of it, and I believo more
weakness of judgment than weakness of hands. A quarter of
the time you spent in discoursing, arguing, &■ consulting would
have done much more; but that is past. If you mean buna fide
to perform the conditions agreed upon do us the favor to copy
them out fair and subscribe them with the principal of your
names. And likewise give us account as particularly as you
can bow our moneys were laid out. And then I shall be able
to give them some satisfaction whom I am now forced with good
words to shift off. And consider that the life of tho business
depends on the lading of this ship, which if you do to any good
purpose that I may be freed from the great sums I have dis-
bursed for the former, and must do for the latter, I promise you
I will nevor quit the business though all tho other adventurers

" We have procured you a Charter, the best we could, which
is better than your former and with less limitation. For any-
thing that is else worth Writing Mr. Cushman can inform you.
I pray write instantly for Mr. Robinson to come to you. And
so praying God to bless you with all graces necessary for both
this life & that to come, I rest

"Your very loving friend,

" Tuomas Weston.
"Loudon, July 6, 1621."

Owing to the discontent existing in consequence of
the alteration of the original articles of agreement,
the Pilgrims had left England without signing them.
A reference to this is made in the letter. Robert
Cushman, who had eonseuted to the alteration with-
out the knowledge and approval of the Leyden com-
pany, and who had at the last moment abandoned the
voyage in the " Mayflower," came in the " Fortune"
as the agent of the adventurers, to look to their inter-
ests and secure the confirmation of the articles. The
address delivered by him during his visit at Plymouth,
from the text (1 Cor. x. 24), "Let no man seek his
own, but every man another's wealth," was simply a
plea for the adventurers his principals, and on the
13th of December he again set sail in the " Fortune"

for England, bearing the subscribed articles and hav-
ing a cargo of clapboards and skins worth five hun-
dred pounds in charge. Mr. Cushman brought with
him his son, a youth fourteen years of age, whom he
left under the care of Governor Bradford, and who in
1649, after the death of William Brewster, became
the elder of the Plymouth Church. The " Fortune"
was captured by the French on her voyage home, her
cargo lost, and Cushman seriously delayed in his
return. He died in 1G25, before he was able to
become in the flesh, as he had always been in the
spirit, a member of the colony.

After the accession of the passengers by the " For-
tune" without supplies of their own, an account of
provisions in store was taken, and it was found that
on a half allowance a six months' stock was on hand.
As the first contribution to their stock would be made
by the next spring's fish, leaving out of the account
the precarious supply of wild game, a half allowance
was ordered, and the winter was passed without any
arrival to increase their store. In the month of May,
1622, a boat reached them from a fishing-vessel sent
out by Mr. Weston, and lying at anchor at a " place
called Damarin's Cove" (near Monhegan), bringing
seven additional passengers, several letters, but no
supplies. The letters gave a discouraging accouut of
affairs among the adventurers, and at the latter end of
June, or the first of July, tbe " Charity," of one hun-
dred tons, and the " Swan," of thirty, arrived, bring-
ing fifty or sixty men, which Weston had seut out at
" his own charge to plant for him." The vessels
were bound to Virginia with other passengers, and
during their absence these men, who were harbored
by the Pilgrims, caused such trouble as made the re-
turn of the ships and their departure for some place
within the bay of Massachusetts a matter of congrat-
ulation. Letters were also received from Mr. Wes-
ton saying, notwithstanding his protestations of abid-
ing friendship, that he had sold out his iuterest as
one of the adventurers and dissolved his connection
with the Pilgrims. In August two other ships came
into the harbor, one the " Sparrow," a fishing-vessel
belonging to Weston, and the other the " Discovery,"
commanded by Capt. Jones, probably the master of
the " Mayflower," on her way to Virginia, from which
they were supplied with ail necessary provisions at
prices which a sharp trader in a bare market would
be likely to exact.

In the winter of 1622-23, Governor Bradford
went, among other places, to the Indian village called
Manomet. At that time the whole territory from
Barnstable, on Plymouth Bay, to Buzzard's Bay bore
that name, and the Indian village was seated on the



Buzzard's Bay side. The ponds now called Half-way
Ponds were iu Manomet, and undoubtedly gave the
name to Manomet Pouds, a name finally, when the
stage-road to Sandwich passed these ponds, restricted
to the present Mauomet Ponds or South Plymouth,
while the Halfway Ponds derived their new name
from the fact that they were half-way to Sandwich.
On this visit of Bradford the discovery was made of
the facility with which transportation could be carried
on between the bays on the two sides of the cape,
which was still further narrowed by a creek on one
side aud a river on the other, leaving a portage of
only four or five miles between. Advantage of this
was taken in 1627 by erecting at Manomet a trading-
house near Buzzard's Bay, at the head of boat naviga-
tion, to and from which goods brought from or sent
to the Dutch at New Amsterdam were carried across
the narrow strip. The present enterprise of the Cape
Cod Canal is ouly the application of an ancient dis-
covery to the increasing demands of a business com-
munity, and the most complete evolution of the rudo
methods of the earliest settlers.

In the summer of 1G22 a fort was built on Burial
Hill, which, according to Morton, was built " of good
timber, both strong and comely, which was of good
defence, made with a flat roof and battlements, on
which their ordnance was mounted, and where they
kept constant watch, especially in time of danger. It
served them also for a meeting-house, and was fitted
accordingly for that use. It was a great work for
them to do in their weakness and times of want, but
the danger of the time required it, there being con-
tinual rumors of the Indians." The sachem of the
Narragansetts, Canonicus, had not long before sent a
messenger to the Pilgrims, bearing the skin of a rat-
tlesnake filled with arrows, which Tisquantum inter-
preted as a warlike challenge. Governor Bradford,
in a spirit of defiance, substituted powder and shot
for the arrows and sent it back. Winslow says, in his
" Relation," " Knowing our weakness, notwithstand-
ing our high words and lofty looks, we thought it
most needful to impale our town, which, with all ex-
pedition, we accomplished in the month of February,
taking iu the top of the hill under which our town
is seated, making four bulwarks or jetties without
the ordinary circuit of the pale, from whence we
could defend the whole town ; in three whereof are
gates, and the fourth in time to be." The fort was
repaired and enlarged in 1630-35 and 1642, and
finally in 1676, before King Philip's war, was rebuilt
one hundred feet square, with palisades ten and a
half feet high, and three pieces of ordnance planted
within it. The material of this fort was purchased

after the war by William Harlow, and used in the
construction of a dwelling-house now standing on
Sandwich Street, owned by Professor Lemuel Ste-
phens. Previous to the erection of the fort, in 1622,
the Common House had doubtless been used for meet-
ings on the Sabbath, and in 1637 the first permanent
meeting-house was erected on the north side of Town
Square. The precise location of this house has never
been determined until the investigations of the author
disclosed it in certain references contained in the
records and deeds. When Governor Bradford died
he seems to have been in possession of all the land on
the north side of the square from what is now Main
Street to School Street, the land immediately above
him having been occupied by John Alden before his
removal to Duxbury. After the death of the Gov-
ernor the land fell into the hands of his two sons,
William and Joseph Bradford, Joseph owning the
upper half and William the lower. The dividing
line must have been, as shown by subsequent deeds,
about seventeen feet east of the lot of the Pilgrimage
Church. In 1701 it was voted by the town, " that
with reference to the spots of land in controversy be-
tween Major Bradford and the town, viz., that spot
he sold to John Dyer and the spot of land where the
old meeting-house stood, the town do quit their
claim to said lands." The reference to Maj. Brad-
ford does not decide the question, because both Wil-
liam and Joseph were majors, but the reference to the
lot sold to John Dyer is conclusive, because the only
land conveyed to him by either was a lot sold by Wil-
liam in 1698, near the foot of Leydeu Street, described
in the deed as the lot on which the old store-house
formerly stood. As the Governor's house at the time
the meeting-house was built stood on the corner of the
square, it is demonstrated that, giving the Governor's
house a lot of about fifty feet, the meeting-house
must have stood between his line and a point seven-
teen feet easterly of the Pilgrimage Church. In
testing the matter, it must be remembered that Odd-
Fellows' Hall, now standing on the corner, was built
ten feet or more from the old line of Main Street.

In August, 1623, the " Ann," of one huudred and
forty tons, and the " Little James," of forty-four,
arrived, bringing about eighty-nine passengers. No
passenger-list has been preserved, but unless some
died before the division of lands in 162-1 the following
names referred to in that division must approximate
to accuracy :

Anthony Annable.
June Annable.
Sarah Annable.
Hannah Annable.

EJward Bangs.
Robert Burtlett.
Fear Brewster.
Patience Brewster.



Mnry Buckett.
Edward Burcher.
Mrs. Burcher.
Thouius Clarke.
Christopher Conant.
Heater Cooke.
Cuthbert Cuthbcrtson,

wife, and lour children.
Anthony Dix.
John Faunce.
Mannaseh Faunce.
(Joodwifo Fluvell.
Edmuud Flood.
Bridget Fuller.
Timothy Huthcrly.
Willialu Heard.
Margaret Hicks and three

William Hilton.
Mrs. Hilton.
William Hilton, Jr.


Edward Hulman.

John Jenney, wife, and

three children.
Hubert Long.
Experience Mitchell.
George Morton.
Patience Morton.
Nathaniel Morton.
John Morton.
Sarah Morton.

Ephraim Morton.

George Morton, Jr.

Thomas Morton, Jr.

Ellen Newton.

John Oldham, and a com-
pany of nine.

Francis Palmer.

Christian Peun.

Two servants of Mr.

Joshua Pratt.

James Rand.

Robert RattliU'e.

Mrs. Rattliffe.

Nicholas Snow.

Alice Southworth.

Francis Sprague.

Mrs. Sprague and child.

Barbara Standish.

Thomas Tilden.

Stephen Tracey.

TriphosaTracey, his wife.

Sarah Tracey.

Ralph Wallen.

Joyce Wallen, his wife.

Elizabeth Warren.

Mary Warren.

Ann Warren.

Sarah Warren.

Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) → online text (page 20 of 118)