D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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when in fact copies of nine, and these perhaps in
some respects the most important, lie packed away
in a store-room at the State- House, rendering no
return, until printed, for the labor and money ex-
pended iu their preparation.

We have thus far in a cursory way traced the
history of the colony and town during the first
quarter of a century of the colony's existence, with
some necessary allusions to later events connected, as
effect with cause, with those of an earlier period.
Though in 1645 Plymouth had existed for some
years as a distinct municipality, its form and organ-
ization were far from complete. Constables had been
provided for by law and chosen in 1636, coroners in
the same year; by-laws were authorized by the court,
and deputies to the General Court were ordered in
1638; raters of taxes were chosen in 1643, surveyors
of highways were provided for in 1644, a town clerk
in 1646, and in 1641 it was enacted that each town
should make competent provision lor the support of
its poor. But the town system was nevertheless in-
complete. There was a necessity for some superin-
tending head to have such a care for the interests and
welfare of the town as the colonial government, with



its extending limits and jurisdiction, was failing in its
power to exercise. The superintending head was
found in a board of selectmen, aud with their estab-
lishment the town government in the Old Colony
assumed the form and shape they wear to-day, with
such changes as time and circumstances have rendered
necessary. In 1662 it was enacted by the court
" that in every town of this jurisdiction there be
three or four selectmen chosen by the townsmen out
of the freemen, such as shall be approved by the
court, for the better managing of the affairs of the
respective townships, aud that the selectmen in every
town, or the major part of them, are hereby empow-
ered to hear and determine all debts aud differences
arising between person aDd persons within their re-
spective townships not exceeding forty shillings, as
also they are hereby empowered to learn aud deter-
mine all differences arising betwixt any Indians and
the English of their respective townships about
damage done in corn by the cows, swine, or any
other beasts belongiug to the inhabitants of the said
respective townships; and the determination of the
abovesaid differences not being satisfied as was agreed
the party wronged to repair to some magistrate for a
warrant to receive such award by distraint. It is
further enacted by the court that the said selectmen
in every township approved by the court or any of
them shall have power to give forth summons in his
Majestie's name to require any persons complained
of to attend the hearing of the case, and to summon
witnesses to give testimony upon that account, and to
determine the controversies according to legal evi-
dence, and that the persons complaining shall serve
the summons themselves upon the persons complained
against, and in the case of their non-appearance to
proceed on notwithstanding in the hearing and deter-
mination of such controversy as comes before them,
and to have twelve pence apiece for every award they
agree upon."

In some way and under some authority Plymouth
anticipated this law, and on the 18th of February,
1649/50, voted to choose seven men to order the
affairs and dispose of lands to persons, who should not
sell if they leave, look after the poor and make a rate
for relief, hire and employ men to herd cattle, said
seveu men annual, and the doings of five be legal."
They were not called selectmen until after the passage
of the law of 1662, but their powers and functions
were substantially the same, except in their judicial
character. The following list of selectmeu is added
to this narrative for the purpose of presenting the
names of those who have represented the different
generations in the life of the town :



116



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



1649. John Barnes.
Robert Finney.
Thomas Willet.
Thomas Southworth.
John Cook, Jr.
Jolin Duubauj.
Thomas Clark.

1650. The same.

1600. Thomas Southworth.

Ephraiin Morton.

Juhn Uuwland.

George Watson.

Robert Finney.
1666. Jobn Morton.

Ephraiin Morton.

Robert Finney.

Nath'l Warren.

William Harlow.
166'.). Ephraiin Morton.

VVilliaiu Harlow.

William Crow.

1676. Ephraiin Morton.
William Crow.
William Clark.
Joseph Uowlaml.

1677. William Harlow.
William Crow.

1632. Ephraiin Morton.

William Crow.

William Clark.
1USM. R [i hi aim Morton.

William Crow.

William Harlow.
1684. Ephraiin Morton.

William Harlow.

Joseph Warren.

Joseph Howland.

William Clark.
16S6. Ephraiin Morton.

William Harlow.

Joseph Warren.
1637. Joseph Howland.

Joseph Warren.

Isaao Cushman.
1680. William Harlow.

Joseph Bartlett.

Nathl. Southworth.
1091. William Harlow.

Nath'l Southworth.

Thomas Faunce.

1692. William Shurtleff.
Isaac Cushman.
Thomas Fauneo.
Jonathan Morey.

1693. Isaae Cushman.
William Shurtleff.
Nath'l Southworth.
John Sturtevant.
Thomas Faunee.

169-4. Isaae Cushman.

William Shurtleff.
Thomas Faunee.

1695. Joseph Bartlett.
John Waterman.
John Murdoek.

1696. William Clark.



1696.
1697.

1698.

1699.

1700.

1701.

1702.

1703.



1704.
1706.



1700.



1707.



1708.



1709.



1710.
1711.
1712.
1713.
1714.
1715.



1716.



1717.



1718.
1719.
1720.
1721.



John Rickard, Jr.
Thomas Faunee.
Nath'l Thomas, Jr.
Ephraiin Morton.
Thomas Faunce.
William Shurtleff.
John Rickard, Jr.
John Murdoek.
William Shurtleff.
James Warren.
John Watson.
William Shurtleff.
James Warren.
John Murdoek.
Johu Bradford.
Nath'l Morton.
William Shurtleff.
John Bradford.
John Rickard, Jr.
Samuel Sturtevant.
Nath'l Morton.
John Bradford.
Samuel Sturtevant.
Nath'l Morton.
The same.
William Shurtleff.
Nath'l Morton.
Caleb Loring.
Nath'l Morton.
Caleb Loring,
John Watson.
Nath'l Morton.
Caleb Luring.
Benjamin Warren.
John Bradford.
Nath'l Morton.
Benjamin Warren.
John Bradford.
John Dyer.
Benjamin Warren.
The same.
The same.
The same.
The same.
The same.
John Bradford.
Jobn Dyer.
Bonjamin Warren.
Abiel Shurtleff.
John Watson.
John Dyer.
Benjamin Warren.
Abiel Sburtluff.
John Bradford.
John Dyer.
Benjamin Warren.
John Foster.
Abiel Shurtleff.
The same.
The same.
The same.
John Dyer.
John Foster.
James Barnaby.
Charles Little.
John Bradford.



1722



1723



1724

1725,



1726



1727.



1728
1729
1730,
1731.
1732,



1733



1734.



1735.



1736.



1737,



1738.
1739.



. Benjamin Warren.

John Foster.

James Barnaby.

John Dyer.

Jobn Bradford.

Benjamin Warren.

John Foster.

James Barnaby.

John Dyer.

Josiah Morton.

The same.

Isaao Lathrop.

John Foster.

John Dyer.

Jacob Mitchell.

Josiah Morton.

Isaac Lathrop.

John Foster.

John Dyer.

Jacob Mitchell.

Thomas Croad.

Isaao Lathrop.

John Foster.

Benjamin Warren.

Jobn Dyer.

Josiah Morton.

The same.

The same.

The same.

The same.

John Barnes.
John Foster.
Benjamin Warren.
John Dyer.
Josiah Morton.

James Warren.
Josiah Morton.
John Barnes.
John Dyer.
Stephen Churchill.
Josiah Morton.
Stephen Churchill.
Haviland Torrey.
Thomas Holmes.
John Dyer.
Josiah Morton.
James Warren.
Thomas Howland.
Samuel Nelson.
Lazarus Le Baron.
Stephen Churchill.
Haviland Torrey.
Lazarus Le Baron.
Samuel Nelson.
Joseph Bartlett.
Stephen Churchill.
Samuel Nelson.
Lazarus Le Baron.
James Warren.
Josiah Morton.
The same.
Stephen Churchill.
Thomas Holmes.
Lazarus Le Baron.
James Warren.
Josiah Morton.



1740
1741
1742
1743



1744.



1745.



1746



1747.



1748



1749.
1750.
1751.



1752.



1753.



1754.



1755.
1756.



1757.



The same.

The same.

The same.

Stephen Churchill.

Haviland Torrey.

Lazarus Le Baron.

James Warren.

Josiah Morton.

Stephen Churchill.

Lazarus Le Barun.

Josiah Murton.

Nath'l Thomas.

Haviland Torrey.

Lazarus Le Baron.

Haviland Torrey.

Joseph Bartlett.

Nath'l Thomas.

Stephen Churchill.

Lazarus Le Baron.

Stephen Churchill.

Haviland Torrey.

Joseph Bartlott.

John Watson.

Stephen Churchill.

Josiah Morton.

Haviland Torroy.

Lazarus Le Baron.

John Watson.

Haviland Torrey.

Lazarus Le Baron.

Thomas Holmes.
John Watson.

Joseph Bartlett.

The samo.

The sai in-.

John Torrey.

Lazarus Le Baron.
Thomas Holmes.
Jobn Watson.
Joseph Bartlott.
Thomas Holmes.
James Warren.
Josiah Morton.
Lazarus Le Baron.
John Torrey.
Josiah Morton.
Thomas Holmes.
Lazarus Le Baron.
John Foster.
John Torrey.
Thomas Foster.
Lazarus Le Baron.
James llovey.
John Torrey.
Perez Tilson.
The same.
John Foster.
Lazarus Lc Baron.
Josiah Morton.
John Torrey.
George Watson.
Josiah Morton.
Edward Winslow.
George Watson.
Theophilus Cotton.
Joseph Bartlett.



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH.



117



1758,



1759.
1760.
1761.



1762.



1763.



1764.



1765



1766.



1767



1763
1769
1770



1771
1772
1773



1774



1775
1776



Josiah MortoD.
Edward Winslow.
George Watson.
Syivanus Bartlett.
Joseph Bartlett.
The same.
The same.
Thomas Foster.
Edward Wioslow.
George Watson.
John Torrey.
Thoiuas Mayhew.
Edward Wiuslow.
George Watson.
James Warren.
James Hovey.
Ephraiin Spooner.
Thouias Foster.
John Torrey.
Joseph Bartlett.
Thomas Jackson. -
Thomas Mayhew.
Thomas Foster.
George Watson.
John Torrey.
Thoiuas Mayhew.
Thomas Jackson.
Joseph Bartlett.
Theophilus Cotton.
Thomas Foster.
Edward Winslow.
John Torrey.
Theophilus Cotton.
George Watson.
John Torrey.
George Watson.
Lazarus Le Baron.
Nathan Delano.
Elkanah Watson.
George Watson.
John Foster.
Lazarus Le Baron.
John Torrey.
John Blackmer.
The same.
The same.
George Wutson.
John Foster.
Epbraim Spooner.
John Torrey.
John Blackmer.
The same.
The same.
John Torrey.
Gcorgo Watson.
Zaccheus Bartlett.
Nathaniel Morton, Jr.
Ephraiin Spooner.
Benjamin Rider.
John Torrey.
Nathaniel Morton, Jr.
Theophilus Cotton.
Epbraim Spooner.
. The same.
John Cotton.
Thomas Mayhew.



1776.



1777.



1778.



1779.



1780.



1781.



1782.



1783.



1784



1785.
1786.
1787,
1788,



1789.



1790
1791
1792,
1793



Nathaniel Lathrop.
Syivanus Bartlett.
Eleuzer Stephens.
John Cotton.
Ephraim Spooner.
Nathaniel Lathrop.
Syivanus Burtlett.
Eleazer Stephens.
George Watson.
Theophilus Cotton.
William Crombie.
Thomas Nicolson.
Ephraim Spoouer.
William Crombie.
Isaac Syinuis.
James Drew.
Zaccheus Bartlett.
Ephraiiu Spoouer.
William Crombie.
Syivanus Bartlett.
Josiah Clark.
Nathaniel Goodwin.
Ephraiiu Spooner.
Joshua Thomas.
Naauian liolbrook.
Stephen Dotcn.
Samuel Bartlett.
Daniel Diuiau.
Barnabas Hedge.
Ephraim Spoouer.
Thomas Davis.
Naaman liolbrook.
Stephen Doteu.
Daniel Diman.
William Le Baron.
John Thomas.
Ephraim Spooner.
Thomas Davis.
Zaccheus Bartlett.
Stephen Dotcn.
Daniel Diman.
William Lo Baron.
John Thouias.
Epbraim Spooner.
John Thomas.
Thomas Davis.
William Le Baron.
Zaccheus Bartlett.

Epbraim Spooner.

The same.

The same.

The same.

John Torrey.

William Le Baron.

Zaccheus Bartlett.

William Hall Jackson.

Icbabod Holmes.

Thomas Witherell.

William Goodwin.

William Davis.

Barnabas Hedge.

Abner Bartlett.

The same.

The same.

The same.

The same.



1794.



1795.



1796.



1797.



1798.
1799.
1800.



1801.



1802.



1803.



1804.
1805.



1806.



1807.
1808.
1809.
1810.
1811.
1812.



1813
1814



Andrew Croswell.
William Davis.
Thomas Witherell.
Abner Bartlett.
Jesse Harlow.
Nathaniel Carver.
Andrew Croswell.
Abner Bartlett.
Thomas Witherell.
Icliabod Holmes.
William Davis.
Thomas Witherell.
Abner Bartlett.
Eleazer Holmes.
Jesse Harlow.
William Davis.
Thomas Withorell.
Abner Bartlett.
Jesse Harlow.
Eleazer Hulines.
The same.
The same.
Thomas Witherell.
Abner Bartlett.
Jesse Harlow.
Eleuzer Holmes.
James Thacher.
Jesse Harlow.
Thomas Witherell.
Abner Bartlett.
John Bishop.
Eleazer Holmes.
Thomas Witherell.
John Bishop.
William Davis.
Abner Bartlett.
Eleazer Holmes.
Thomas Witherell.
John Bishop.
Barnabas Churchill.
Abner Bartlett.
Joseph Bartlett.
The same.
John Bishop.
William Davis.
Zaccheus Burtlett.
Abner Bartlett.
John Paty.
John Bishop.
William Davis.
Joseph Bartlett.
Abner Bartlett.
John Paty.
The same.
The same.
The same.
The same.
The same.
Thomas Bartlett.
William Davis.
Joseph Bartlett.
Abner Bartlett.
John Paty.
The same.
William Davis.
Joseph Bartlett.



1814.



1815.
1816.
1817.



1818,



1819.



1820
1821



1822.
1823.



1824
1825



1826
1827
182S
1829



1830



1831.



1832



1833



John Paty.
Thomas Atwood.
Josiah CornUli.
The same.
The same.
William Jackson.
William Sturtuvant.
Gideou liolbrook.
William P. Ripley.
James Spooner.
William il.uumutt.
James Spooner.
William P. Uipley.
Nutbun Reed.
Gideon liolbrook.
William Duvis-
Williain P. Ripley.
Gideon liolbrook.
Zabdiel Sampson.
Henry Jackson.
The same.
William Jackson.
Zabdiel Sampson.
Henry Jackson.
Gidoon liolbrook.
William P. Ripley.
The same.
Zabdiel Suiupsou.
Joseph Burtlett.
Henry Jackson.
William P. Ripley.
Gideon liolbrook.
The same.
Zabdiel Sampson.
John Gooding.
Henry Jackson.
William P. Ripley.
Gideon liolbrook.
The same.
The same.
The same.
William P. Ripley.
Henry Juckson.
John Gooding.
Gidoon liolbrook.
Nathaniel M. Davis.
William P. Ripley.
Henry Jackson.
John Gooding.
Gideon liolbrook.
Ezra Finney.
John B. Thomas.
John Gooding.
Henry Jackson.
Ezra Finney.
Josiah Cornish.
John I!. Thouias.
Ezra Finney.
Henry Jackson.
Thomas Russell.
Amasu Holmes.
. John B. Thomas.
Bradford Barnes.
Thoiuas Russell.
Isaac Burtlett.
Syivanus Harlow.



113



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



1834.

1835.
1836.

1838.



1839.



1810.



1841.



1842.
1843.

1844.



1845.



1846.



1847.



1848.



1849.
1850.



1851



1852.



The Saiue.
The ^aiue.
The same.
J <>li n B. Thomas.
Bradford Barnes.
Isaac Bartlett.
Schuyler Sampson.
Ezra Leach.
Juuu B. Thomas.
Schuyler Sampson.
Ezra Leach.
Isaac Burtlett.
J ames Collins.
Comfort Bates.
Juhn B. Thomas.
Schuyler Sampson.
Ezra Leach.
Comfort Bates.
Isaac Bartlett.
John Russell.
James Collins.
Ezra Leuch.
William S. Bartlett.
Benjamin Weston.
The sume.
The same.
John Russell.
William S. Bartlett.
Ezra Leach.
Daniel Jackson.
Jeremiah Farris.
Jeremiah Farris.
Bartlett Holmes.
William M. Jackson.
Leandcr Lovell.
John Gooding.
Leandcr Lovell.
John Russell.
John Bartlett.
David Bradford.
Henry F. Jackson.
Jacob II. Loud.
Leander Lovell.
David Bradford.
Joseph Allen.
William Randall.
Jacob II. Loud.
Leander Lovell.
Allen Danforth.
Joseph Allen.
William Randall.
The same.
William Davis.
William II. Bradford.
George Harlow.
George Bramhall.
Truman Bartlett.
William DuvtB.
John Russell.
George Harlow.
George Bramhall.
Truman Bartlett.
Willium Davis.
Jacob 11. Loud.
George Bramhall.
Ueorge Harlow.



1S52.
1853.



1851



1855.



1856.



1857.
1858.
1859.
ISGll



1801.



1862.
18G3.
1864.
1865.
I860.



1867.
1868.



1869.
1870.



1871.



1872,
1873
1874.



Edmund Robbius.

Jacob II. Loud.

Edmund Robbins.

James Thurber.

John Russell.

Ezckicl C. Turner.

Jacob II. Loud.

Edmund Robbins.

William T.Davis.

John Russell.

Ezekiel C. Turner.

Jacob II. Loud.

AVilliam T.Davis.

Ezekiel C. Turner.

Israel Clark.

Ezra Leach.

William T. Davis.

Joseph Allen.

Joseph P. Brown.

Bradford Barnes.

David Clark.

The same.

The same.

The same.

William T. Davis.

Joseph P. Brown.

Ezekiel C. Turner.

David Clark.

Thomas B. Sears.

William T. Davis.

Lysuuder Dunham.

Uosea Bartlett.

Thomas B. Sears.

Ezekiel C. Turner.

The same.

The same.

The samo.

The sume.

Albert Mason.

Ezekiel C. Turner.

Lysunder Dunham.

Thomas B. Sears.

Hosea Bartlett.

The same.

Albert Mason.

Gideon Perkins.

Lysander Dunham.

Thomas B. Sears.

Uosea Bartlett.

The same.

William T. Davis (de-
clined).

Lysander Dunham.

Uosea Bartlett.

Lemuel Bradford.

David Clark.

Albert Mason (to 611 va-
cancy).

Albert Mason.

Lemuel Bradford.

Henry Whiting, Jr.

AVilliam II. Nelson.

David Clark.

The same.

The same.
William II. Nelson.



1874



1875.
1876.
1877.
1878.
1879.



1880.
1881,



Charles B. Stoddard.
Lemuel Bradford.
Henry Whiting, Jr.
David Clark.
The same.
The same.
The same.
The same.
William U. Nelson.
Uenry Whiting, Jr.
Charles B. Stoddard.
John Churchill.
David Clark.
The samo.
The same.



1882. William II. Nelson.
William T. Davis (de-
clined).

John Churchill.
David Clark.
Leavitt T. Robbins.
Everett F. Sherman (, 10
till vacancy ).

1883. William II. Nelson.
Juhn Churchill.
Leavitt T. Robbins.
Everett F. Shenuun.
Winslow B. Standiah.

1884. The same.



In 1G46 both the colony and town suffered a se-
rious loss in the departure of Edward Winslow for
England, whose absence, though intended to be tem-
porary, became permanent. He had been Governor
during the years 1636 and 1644, had been at various
times an agent of the colony in negotiations witli the
merchants of London and the council for New Eng-
land, and his statesmanlike qualities had not only
been appreciated by his own people, but had been
discovered and recognized by the people of Massa-
chusetts. In the year in question complaints had
been made to the commissioners for foreign planta-
tions by Robert Child and others that the Massachu-
setts Colony had denied them the privileges of civil
and religious liberty, and charges hud been made by
Samuel Gorton and his associates of imprisonment
and expulsion from their lands. The Massachusetts
government, in November of that year, made choice
of Mr. Winslow as — iu the language of Governor
Winthrop — "a fit man to be empluyed iu England,
both in regard of his abilities of presence, speech,
courage, and understanding, as also being well known
to the commissioners." He sailed in December, and
on arriving in London found that Gorton had pub-
lished a statement of his case under the title of '' Sim-
plicities Defence against Seven- Headed Policy," in
answer to which he published " Hypocricio Un-
masked," referred to earlier in this narrative. John
Child, a brother of Robert, also published soon after
a tract called " New England's Jonah cast up in
London ; or, a Relation of the Proceedings of the
Court at Boston, in New England, against Divers
Honest and Godly Persons," to which Winslow at
once responded by the issue of " New England's Sal-
amander discovered by an Irreligious and Scornful
Pamphlet." The performance by Winslow of his
duties as agent was successful and satisfactory.
Hutchinson says, " By his prudent management and
the credit and esteem he was in with many of the
members of Parliament and principal persons then in



HISTORV OF PLYMOUTH.



110



power, ho preveuted any prejudice to the colony from
either of these applications."

Attached to " Hypocricie Unmasked" was " A
Brief Narration of the True Grounds or Cause of the
first Planting; of New England," which was intended
as an answer to a publication by Robert Baylie, en-
titled " Dissuasive from the Errors of the Time." It
is in the " Brief Narration," written twenty-seven
years after the departure of the Pilgrims from Hol-
land, that the only original refereuce is made to those
words of Robinson, whose construction has divided
the opinions of theological men. The parting in-
structions and exhortations of the pastor, a part of
whose flock was leaving his fold, in the language of
Win.-low, " were these, or to the same purpose :"
" We are now ere long to part asunder, and the Lord
knoweth whether even he should live to see our faces
again. But whether the Lord had appointed it or
not, he charged us before God and his blessed angels
to follow him no further than he followed Christ ;
and if God should reveal anything to us by any other
instrument of his, to be as ready to receive it as ever
we were to receive any truth by his ministry ; for he
was very confident the Lord had more truth and light
to break forth out of his holy word." The question
in controversy is, What did Robinson mean by more
light breaking out of the holy word ? Did the light
relate to mere forms and methods, or to essentials of
belief, or to neither, and only to the evolution of so-
cial and moral reforms, for which the seed stored in
the store- house of the Scriptures seems inexhaustible?
Perhaps the more pertinent question to be answered
first is, How far did Winslow, writing from memory
after the lapse of a quarter of a century, present a
faithful aud accurate reproduction of the thought and
statement of Robinson as he understood them, or, if
he so faithfully reproduced them, whether his under-
standing was correct? It is only fair to say that a
controversy has little importance which is based on so
flimsy a foundation of hearsay evidence.

It is probable that the deportment of Winslow in
England attracted the notice of Cromwell, and im-
pressed him with his ability, and that he was thus
druwu into the service of the Protector. In 1654 he
was appointed by a commission deposited in Pilgrim
Hull one of three commissioners to determine the
value of English ships seized and destroyed by the
king of Denmark, and in 1655 he accompanied the
expedition under Admiral Penn and Gen. Vcnable
against Hispaniola. On this expedition he was also
one of three commissioners, and on a passage from
St. Domingo to Jamaica he died on the 8th of May,
and was buried at sea. In 1637, after his second



year of service as Governor, Mr. Winslow removed
to Marshficld, resuming his residence in Plymouth
during his third term in 1644. His return was in
obedience to the law of the colony passed in 16113,
'• that the chief government be tied to the town of
Plymouth, and that the Governor lor the time being
be tied there to keep his residence and dwelling."
The investigations of the author disclose that after
1623, up to which time the dwelling-houses on Ley-
den Street were owned in common, he occupied two
residences. It is probable that he first built and oc-
cupied a house which stood precisely on the lot next
to the Baptist Church on Leyden Street, on which
the house of Ephraim T. Paty now stands. That lot,
which was afterwards occupied by James Cole, who
there kept an inn, has a clear pedigree from Mr. Cole
to its present owner. Judge Sewell says in his diary,
under date of March 8, 169S, "Got to Plymouth
about noon. I lodge at Cole's. The house was built
by Governor Winslow, and is the oldest in Plymouth."
The other house probably stood on the land allotted
to him in 1623, immediately south of the inclosure
in Winslow (Railroad) Square. On his removal to
Marshfield, in 1637, he sold his old homestead and
all his land in Plymouth except nine acres not built
upon, of which the above was the northerly part. In
1639 he sold this land to George Bower, inserting
the following provision in the deed, " that if the said
Edward Winslow shall come and build upon the two
furthermost of the nine acres, and dwell upon them
himself, that then the said Edward shall have them
at the same rate that the said George Bower now
payeth for them, allowing him such further charge
as the said George shall have then laid forth upon
them." It is reasonable to suppose that when re-
quired by the law to return to Plymouth he occupied
the lot reserved in his deed.

The early meetings of the town were held at the
Governor's house. It was doubtless difficult for many
years to separate by definite Hues the town and the
government which occupied it as its seat. They were
warned by the constables, probably, in some mauuer, as
at the present day, prescribed by the town. No record
states who presided at the meetings or how the busi-
ness was conducted. In 1679 the office of moderator
having been established by the town itself, and not by
the laws of the colony, William Bradford was re-
quested by a vote of the town to preside at all
meetings. This request was confirmed and renewed
in 1679, and after that time no further reference is
made to the office until 1717. The following is a
list of those who up to the present year have per-
formed its duties at the annual meetings :



120



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



1717. John Dyer.

1718. John Poster.

1719. Isaac Lothrop.



Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) → online text (page 28 of 118)