D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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energies to his profession. As a citizen of his adopted
town, though never receiving, nor asking, nor willing
to take public office, he nevertheless felt the deepest
interest in and took an active part in promoting its
welfare. As a devoted and liberal member of his
church, as a director for twenty-five years or more of
the Plymouth Bank, and its successor, the Plymouth
National, as vice-president, by many successive elec-
tions of the Pilgrim Society, as a generous contribu-
tor to Bible and missionary societies, as a pioneer in
enterprises whose eventual success his far-seeing eye
foretold and his indomitable spirit accomplished, as
a free giver in his own way, in obedience, not to the

will of others for the sake of approval and applause,
but in response to his own inclinations and sense of
duty, he proved himself an active and useful citizen.
Characterized by a prudence and economy in his mode
of life, and a methodical and exact management of
his professional collections, he nevertheless, as the
author of this sketch has had abundant opportunities
to know, was continually, in the later years of his life,
cutting large slices from his accumulations for the
benefit of his kindred and the various religious and
philanthropic associations with which he was con-
nected. In recognition of his profesaional and per-
sonal character he received from Amherst College, in
1868, the degree of Master of Arts.

Dr. Gordon outlived his wife only ten months, and
died in Plymouth on the 5th of November, 1877, at
the age of eighty-two.

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No 1. National Monument to the Pilgrims. — In
May, 1S55, the Pilgrim Society adopted a design
offered by Ham matt Billings, of Boston, and, in ac-
cordance with this design, the monument has been
nearly completed. The spot choseu for its erection is
a hill immediately in the rear of the northerly part of
the town of Plymouth, and, when thoroughly graded
according to the plans of the Society, will show an
octagonal plateau about four hundred feet in diameter
surrounded by a level belt of grass forty feet in width,
outside of which a driveway will be constructed fifty
feet wide and about two-fifths of a mile in length.
The design of the monument, the corner-stone of
which was laid Aug. 2, 1859, consists of an octagon
granite pedestal forty-five feet high, on which stands
a statue of Faith thirty-six feet in height. From the
four smaller faces of the pedestal project buttresses,
on which are seated statues emblematic of Morality,
Education, Law, and Liberty. Below these statues,
in panels, are alto-reliefs in marble of " The Depar-
ture from Del ft- Haven," " The Signing of the Com-
pact in the Cabin of the Mayflower," "The Landing
at Plymouth," and " The Treaty witli Massasoit."
On the other four faces are panels extending to the
top of the shaft containing the names of the pas-
sengers in the " Mayflower," and below these are
smaller panels for such inscriptions as may hereafter
be thought desirable. The statue of Faith rests its
foot on Plymouth Hock, and in its left hand holds an
open Bible, while its right is uplifted to heaven. It
is constructed of fourteen blocks of granite, weighing
in all one hundred and eighty tons, and was placed
on the pedestal Aug. 9, 1S77. It was a gift of
the late Oliver Ames, and cost thirty-one thousand
three hundred dollars.

The statues of " Morality" and " Education" are
also in place. These are colossal granite monoliths,
seated on thrones, and are sixteen feet in height.
That of " Morality." presented by the Common-
wealth of Massachusetts, holds the Decalogue in its
left hand and the scroll of Revelation in its right. In
a niche on one side of the throne is a prophet, aud in
one on the other side one of the evangelists. The
statue of " Education," presented by Roland Mather,
of Hartford, has in one niche a figure of Wisdom
ripe with years, and in the other a figure of Youth
led by Experience. The statues of " Law" aud
" Liberty" are not yet furnished. That of the former
will have in one of its niches an emblem of Justice,
and in the other an emblem of Mercy. That of the
latter will exhibit in one niche Peace resting under
its protection, and in the other Tyranny overthrown

by its power. Beneath the statue of " Morality" is
a marble relief representing the " Embarkation,"
presented by the State of Connecticut ; and beneath
that of " Education" is one representing the " Sign-
ing of the Compact," presented by Mr. Mather, who
gave the statue above it. The panels representing
the landing and the treaty are net yet furnished.
For the completion of the monument the Society
relies on au increasing sinking-fund which it has es-
tablished for that purpose, and ou contributions from
the general government and States aud individuals.

No. 2. Plymouth Rock. — The authenticity of the
story of the landing on this rock rests both on general
tradition and well-defined statements transmitted from
generation to generation. Among the latter may be
mentioned the statement of Ephraim Spooncr and
others to persons, either now living or reccutly de-
ceased, that in 17-11, when it was proposed to con-
struct a wharf over the rock, Elder Thomas Faunee,
born in 1047 and then ninety-four years of age, was
carried in a chair to the spot, and, supposing it about
to be buried forever, bade it au affectionate farewell
as the first- resting place of the feet of the Pilgrims.
He stated that his father, John Faunee, who came
over in the " Ann" in 1623, had repeatedly told him
the story. He was also old enough to have heard
the story from the " Mayflower's" passengers them-
selves. He was ten years old when Governor Brad-
ford died, twenty-four when John Howland died, nine
years old when Miles Standish died, and thirty-niue
when John Alden died, and he would have been at
least likely to have learned from theui whether the
story of his father wa3 correct or not.

The rock, however, was not buried as Elder Fauucc
feared it would be, but raised upwards from its bed
so that its top might show above the roadway of the
wharf. In 1774 an attempt to remove the rock to
the foot of the liberty-pole in Town Square re-
sulted in its separation, and while the upper half
alone was removed, the lower remained in its bed.
On the 4th of July, 1834, the severed portion, which
since 1774 had remained in the square, and by the
side of which the lower southerly elm-tree now in
the square was planted in 1784, was removed to the
front yard of Pilgrim Hall, and the next year iu-
closed by the iron fence which now on another spot
surrounds the stone slab bearing the text of the
compact. The remainder of the rock continued in
its bed, merely showing its surface above the earth,
until 1859, when the land on which it stands came
under the control of the Pilgrim Society, and steps
were taken to carry out a previously-formed plan of
erecting over it a granite canopy. A design offered



by Ilanimatt Billings, of Boston, was adopted, and
on the 2d of August, 1S59, the corner-stone was
laid. The canopy cousists of four angle piers, deco-
rated with three-quarter reeded columns of the Tuscan
order, standing on pedestals and supporting a composed
entablature, above which id an attic. Between the
piers on each face is an open arch, so that the rock
is visible from all sides, and these arches are fitted
with iron gates. The canopy measures about fifteen
feet square, and is about thirty feet high. In the
chamber between the dome and the capstone are de-
posited the remains of some of the Pilgrims who died
the first winter. The discovery of these remains is
described in the history of Plymouth contained in
this volume. In 1880 the severed portion of the
rock was restored to its old resting-place, and it now
lies within the canopy reunited to its fellow-rock.

No. 3. Town Square. — The first street laid out
by the Pilgrims extended from the harbor to the top
of what is now Burial Hill. It was sometimes called
First Street, sometimes Great Street, and sometimes
Broad. The square represented in this view is the
upper part of this street below the hill. The church
at the head of the square is that of the First Parish,
now Unitarian. It was built in 1831, after designs
by George Brimmer, of Boston. Its predecessor on
the same site was built in 1744, and the first church
on that site was built in 1683. The last date of
course marks the period when the boundary of the
street was fixed at the margin of the hill. The
meeting-house used by the Pilgrims before 16S3 was
built in 1637, on the right of the square as the view
is held before the eye. On the right, also, was the
house of the Governor of the colony, and the sites of
both the church and the Governor's house are covered
by Odd-Fellows' Hall, which is partially exposed to
view. On the left of the picture is the town-house.
It was built by the County of Plymouth, in 1749,
for a court-house, and was used as such until 1S20,
wheu, on the erection of the present court-house, it
was sold to the town. Previous to 1749 the site was
occupied by the old government-house, which ante-
dated in its erection the establishment of the couuty,
in 1685, and was before that time called the country-
house. The land on which it stands was never
granted to individuals, and has always been associated
with the goverument of either the colony, county, or
town. The five elm-trees iu the square were set out
in 1784 by Thomas Davis, who at that time owned
and occupied a house ou land now covered by the
westerly end of Odd-Fellows' Building. One of
these trees, on which placards may be seen in the
view, is called the town tree and has for eighty

years, more or less, been the recognized spot for the
posting of official and other advertisements.

No. 4. Pilgrim Hull. — This memorial building
was erected by the Pilgrim Society in 1S24, its
corner-stone being laid September 1st in that year.
It was built by Jacob and Abncr S. Taylor, of
Plymouth; and though on the 1st of July the stune
of its walls was still in the quarry at Weymouth,
and the timber of its frame in the forests of Maine,
ou the 22d of December it was finished and occupied
for the celebration of the anniversary of the landing.
It is built of uuwrought split granite, and is seventy
feet in length by forty in width. The Doric portico
of wood now ornamenting its front was added in
1834. Iu 1880 the building was remodeled and
made proof against fire, under the direction of J.
Henry Stickney, Esq., of Baltimore, a liberal bene-
factor of the Society, who defrayed the entire cost of
the work, amounting to more than fifteen thousand
dollars. The hall contains an extensive cabinet, rich
iu relics of the Pilgrims and of early colonial tiuies,
a gallery of pictures of rare value and interest, and a
library, which is receiving constant accessions of books
relating to New England history. A librarian is in
constant attendance at the hall, and a well-conceived
descriptive catalogue facilitates an examination of
everything worthy to be seeu.

No. 5. The " Mayjioicer." — This illustration is
taken from a picture by William F. Halsall, of Boston,
representing the " Mayflower" at anchor aud at rest
after her long and stormy voyage. The picture is
full of sentiment, and tells the story of the perilous
Pilgrim enterprise with wonderful effect. It hangs
in Pilgrim Hall, and is the property of the Pilgrim

No. 6. The Landing of the Pilgrims. — This illus-
tration is taken from a photograph, belonging to the
Pilgrim Society, and hanging in Pilgrim Hall, of a
picture painted in 1856 by II. Carmiencke, of New
York, for J. Henry Stickney, Esq., of Baltimore.
The picture has all the realism of a photograph of the
actual lauding, and, though entirely devoid of senti-
ment, recalls to the mind with great vividness the
incidents aud scenes attending the great event in New
England history.

Nos. 7 aud 8. Views of Hcrooby. — These illustra-
tions are taken from photographs takeu ou the spot
by order of Lord Houghton (Monekton Milues), and
presented by him to Hon. William T. Davis, who has
permitted them to be reproduced in this volume.
Recalling to mind as they do the residence of Elder
Brewster and the birthplace of the Pilgrim Church,
they cannot fail to be of interest.



Wareham is a small town lying at the head of
Buzzard's Bay, by which it is bounded on the south,
on the east by Sandwich and a part of Plymouth, on
the north by Plymouth and Carver, on the Dorthwest
by Middleboro', and on the west by Rochester. It
lies in latitude forty-one decrees forty-five minutes
north, longitude seventy degrees forty-five minutes
west from Greenwich, and is about seven miles long
from east to west, and about six miles broad from
Dorth to south. It is situated about fifty miles south-
east from Boston, sixteen uortheast from New Bed-
ford, and sixteen south of Plymouth.

The east part of the town was formerly known by
the name of Agawam Purchase, and lay in the town-
ship of Plymouth. The west part formerly belonged
to Rochester. In 1739 these two tracts of laud,
with their settlements, were incorporated by the name
of Warehaui, which name was borrowed from an
English town of some note in ancient times. In
1827 that part now known as Tihonet was taken
from Plymouth and Carver, which three pieces now
constitute the town as above bounded. These several
parts will require some notice previous to their being
united, as they still retain their original names, and
the descendants of the first settlers have certain partial-
ities for their own particular sections of the town, so
much so, that from the period of their union in 1739
until 1824 the taxes were made by two sets of bills,
one for the west end, and the other for Agawam ; two
constables were always appointed and two collectors,
and the inhabitants of Agawam were very watchful
for their exclusive rights, and so were the " West
Endeis," which was the foundation of many a long
and eloquent State rights speech in " open town-
meetings," but this difference was never carried
further than speaking. On most subjects there was

1 The late Silvanus Bourne, Esq., wrote a sketch of Warc-
liaui tor a local paper, the " Old Colony Memorial," iu 1336.
Many of the facts concerning the early history of tho town arc
taken from it.

an unusual share of good feeling manifested by both
parties, and whenever their rights were respected (as
they always had to be) both parties united unani-
mously on any subject which concerned the whole
town, and were very jealous of any infringements
made by other towns, as may be seen by their con-
troversies with Rochester aud Sandwich concerning
ministry lands, and also their rights to the herring

Agawam. It is not well ascertained from what
the name of Agawam was originally derived, but
history tells us that a tribe of Indians who formerly
inhabited a part of what is now Massachusetts was
so called. There are several Agawams, and it is sup-
posed that some one of them was the abiding place
of this tribe, and each of the others derived its name
from this, or from being the habitation of some por-
tion of the aforesaid tribe. However, for our pur-
pose, it is sufficient that the southerly part of Plym-
outh was known by this name at an early day, and
that it was so called in the deed of sale.

" Know all Men by these Presents,

"That we, Nanuinett, Weeunueket, Acanootus, Attay wan-
peek, Awanoo, A wuuipuks, and Assaankett, alian Peter, natives
of New England, in the jurisdiction of New Plymouth, in New
England, in America, do aoknowledge that for, and iu consid-
eration of, the full and just sum of twenty-four pounds and
ten shillings, to us paid by Capt. Thomas South worth, Nathaniel
Warren, William Clark, and Hugh Cole, of the town of Plym-
outh aforesaid, in the jurisdiction aforesaid, gentlemen, where-
with we, the said *Nanumett, Weeauuckett, Acanootus, Attay-
wanpeek, Awanoo, Awampoke, and Assaankett, nlia* Peter, do
acknowledge ourselves, and every of us, to he satisfied, con-
tented, and fully paid, and thereof, and of every part aud parcel
thereof, do exonerate, acquit, and discharge the said Capt.
Tboiuus Southworth, Nathaniel Warren, William Clark, aud
Hugh Cole, they and every of their heirs, executors, adminis-
trators, and assigns, forever, by these presents have freely and
absolutely bargained, alienated, and sold, eufeotfed aud con-
firmed, and these presents do bargain, alienate, sell, and confirm
from us, the said Nanumett, Weanuckett, Acanootus, Attay wan-
peek, Awanoo, and Assaankett, uliaa Peter, and our heirs, to
them the said Capt. Thomas Southworth, Nathaniel Warren,




William Clark, and Hugh Cole, in behalf of the town of New
Plymouth, their and every of their heirs and assigns forever,
two certain tracts or parcels of land, the one heing called Wccy-
vancett Neck, and unother parcel adjoining thereunto the afore-
mentioned Wceyvaueett Neck, being bounded by a salt water
river on the south, and which river runneth into Muuomct Day,
and on the cust side with a great salt water cove or river which
runneth into the same bay, and so bounded up along with the
brook unto the bead thereof, and so to a meadow lying some
space above the head of said brook, and so to a great pond lying
about northeast near u quarter of a mile from the said meadow,
all the said meadows being included within the said bounds: the
other parcel of luud of the two above named, abutting on the
tract or pared of land which the town of Plymouth bought
of us, Acanootus, Awampoke, and Attaywanpcek, as appears by
a deed under our bands bearing date Anno Domini lCuo, and
from the westernmost bounds expressed in the said deed, two
miles and a half into the woods, running upon a line northeast
and by north, the upper end of the said two miles and a half
running along by a swauip side until one side of the said swamp
partetb and runneth away near east, and the other part inoro
nortborly, which place is agreed on by us, the said Nanmnett,
Wccanueket, Acanootus, Awanoo, Awampoke, Attaywanpcek,
and Assaankett, ttliuu Peter, to be the hounds of the said north-
east and by north line, and so to run upon a straight lino
through the woods to the forenamed pond, which lyeth to the
norl beast of the forcnauied meadow. To have and to hold all
the said two purcels or tracts of land so bounded as aforesaid,
with ail and singular the appurtenances whatsoever, within
aud between, and belonging to the said two parcels or tracts of
land hounded as aforesaid, unto them, the said Capt. Thomas
Southwortb, Nathaniel "Warren, William Clark, and Hugh Cole,
in the behalf and to the use of the town of Plymouth, to
them, and every of them, their, and every of their, heirs and
assigns forever, the said premises, with all and singular the
appurtenances belonging thereunto, or to any part or parcel
thereof, to appertain unto the only proper use and behoof of
them, tho said Capt. Thomas Southwortb, Nathaniel Warren,
William Clark, aud Hugh Cole, in the behalf of the town of
Plymouth aforesaid, to their, and every of their, heirs and as-
signs forever, to be holdcn as of his Majesty, bis manor of
East Greenwich, in the County of Kent, in free and common
socage, and not in eapety, uor by Knight's service, nor by the
rents and services thereof and thereby due, und of right ac-
customed warranting the sale thorcof, und of every part und
parcel thereof, ugaiust all persons whatsoever that might lay
any claim thereunto, or to any part or parcel thereof, forever,
giving and granting liberty unto the said Capt. Thomas South-
worth, Nuthuuiel Warren, William Clark, and Hugh Cole, or any
whum they shall appoiut to record and enroll these presents,
either in his Majesty's court at Plymouth aforesaid, or in any
other place of public records, according to tho usual manner of
enrolliug evidences in such case provided.

In witness whereof, we, the ubove-nameQ Nanumett, Wooa-
nucUett, aliau Peter, have hereunto setour bands and seals this
of December, Anno Domini, one thousand six hundred and
sixty und six (louti).

''Signed, sealed, und delivered in the presence of

"The mark X of Causetan.

"Tho mark of Aspackanuuk, aliu* Ralph Jones, II.

" Nathaniel Moiiton.

•'The mark of Pktkii (.).

" The mark of T'ATOSKN X-

" Pi:tku, his ii mark and soal.

" Weeanuckett, his H mark and seal.

" Acanootus, his H mark and seal.

"Awanoo, his H mark and seal.
" Awampoke, his 11 mark aud seal.
" Attaywani'Eek, his II mark and seal.
" Nanumett, his II mark and seal."

It was bounded as follows : On the east by the aim
of the sea which connects what is called the '• Head
of the Bay" with Buzzard's Bay. the narrowest part
of which is Cohasset Narrows ; thence up Bed Brook
to the head thereof, where stands a stone four feet
high, lettered \V. P.; thence N. 32 deg. E. 420 rods
to another stone like the first ; thence N. 7S deg. W.
253 rods, crossing White Island Puiid and Oliver's
Neck to another stone like the others, standiug on the
west bank of the pond ; thence N. S6 deg. 35 win.,
W. 9C5 rods, crossing Agawatu River at 198 rods, and
Little Long Pond at 484 rods, to a pine-tree at the
forked swamp, which is the corner of Tiltunet ; theuce
S. 25 deg. W. 780 rods to a stake on the bank of a
brook ; thence down the brook to Agawaui River, and
by the river to Wankinco River, and down the Wa.ii-
kinco River, through the Narrows to Buzzard's Bay,
and by the bay easterly to the beginning.

In the year 1C78 this tract of laud was leased for
the term of seven years, and in the year 1GS2 was
sold by the town of Plymouth to raise funds to build
a new meeting-house in that town, subject no doubt
to that lease, for it was June 17, 1GS5, when the
proprietors held their first meeting to assign to each
a sixty acre house-lot. The purchasers were John
Chubbuck, the one-twelfth ; Samuel Bates, the oue-
twenty-fourth ; Johu Fearing, the ono-twenty-fburth ;
Nathan Beale, the one-tweuty-fourth ; Seth Pope, the
one-sixth ; Ephraitn Wilder, the one-sixth ; Nathaniel
Morton, the one-sixth ; Joseph Warren, the one-sixth ;
Joseph Bartlett, the one-sixth ; and Josiah Lane, the
one-tweuty-fourth part. The most of these purchasers,
like the pioneers of all new countries, retained their
possessions but a short time, a part being speculators
who purchased to sell agaiu, and the other part a
restless, roaniiug class, who advance over the wilder-
ness hunting the wild game, and making small open-
ings, uot so much for themselves as for the next clans
of settlers, who buy for the purpose of tilling the soil
and making homes for themselves and their descend-
ants ; for in the year 1715 we find the same lauds
were owned by the followiug proprietors : Ebenezer
Burge, one-eighth ; Gershom Gilford, owe-twenty-
fourth ; Thomas Tupper, one-twenty-lourth ; Samuel
Bates, one-sixteenth ; Isaac Wilder's heirs, one-eigh-
teenth ; Timothy Bourne, oue-tweuty-seventh ; Johu
Bourne, oue-fifty-fourth ; Israel Fearing, tweuty-tive-
one-huudred-forty-fourths ; David Bates, oueforty-
eighth ; Joseph Hersey, one-forty-eighth ; Joseph



Warren, one-eighth ; John Gibbs, one-tweoty-founh ;
Jireh Swift, one-twenty-fourth ; Oliver Norris, one-
twenty-fourth ; Joseph Bartlett's heirs, one-twelfth ;
Nathaniel Chubbuck, one-twenty-fourth ; and Adam
Jones, one-thirty-sixth part. Thus we see in the
short space of thirty years the names of Beale, Pope,
Morton, and Lane, who formerly owned eleven-
twenty-fourths of the whole purchase, were missing;
probably these were speculators. And now, after a
lapse of one hundred and seventy years, the names of
Gifford, Tupper, Hersey, Warren, Norris, Bartlett,
and Jones are missing. But the Burgesses, Bates',
Fearings, Bournes, Gibbs', Swifts, and Chubbucks
still live with us, aud some are heirs to the possessions
of their ancestors.

This little band of first settlers began their small
colony as though they were a separate and distinct
nation. They laid out a mill-lot to be owned by the
public on the Agawam River, a lot for a pound, and
a graveyard, which contains the remains of many of
them, and would have built a pillory and whipping-

Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) → online text (page 45 of 118)