D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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by the late Samuel T. T. Sherman.

The chapel at Tremont village hus been noticed in
another place ; also the church edifice of the Roman
Catholics.

French and Indian War. — In this war the citi-
zens of Wareham lent their aid so far that John
Bates, Barnabas Bates, Jabez Besse, Henry Sanders,
Oliver Norris, Joshua Besse, Ebenezer Chubbuck,
Joseph Besse, and Samuel Besse went to Cape Breton
and assisted in the taking of Louisbourg, some in the
land forces and some in the navy, and Samuel Besse
lost his life in the expedition. About the same time
Nathaniel Besse, Gershom Morse, Newbury Morse,
Eloathan Sampson, and Nathaniel Chubbuck went iuto
the Northern army, and were employed in taking
Canada. Also, there were four Indians who resided
in this town, named Jo. Joseph, Sol. Joseph, Jabez

Wickett, and Webquish, who went and fought

against the hostile Indians on the Canada frontier.
Webquish, who died about the year 1810, said he was
present upon the plains of Abraham when Gen. Wolfe
fell, and saw the city of Quebec taken. The above-
named Nathaniel Chubbuck was in the English army
at the time they were defeated near the city of Car-



thagena, in South America, in 1741, and also at the
taking of Havana, in Cuba, in 1763.

Revolutionary War. — Wareham, though poor
and small, bore her full share in the Revolutionary
struggle. Her first act was to answer the people of
Boston, as follows :

" At the request of the town of Boston, the in-
habitants of the town of Wareham met together on
the 18th day of January, 1773, to consider matters
of grievance the Provinces were under. Capt. Jusiah
Carver was chosen moderator. Voted to act on the
request of the town of Boston. Chose David Nye,
Barnabas Bates, and Benjamin Briggs a committee to
act on the above-said matters of grievance, and lay it
before the town. Voted to adjourn to the 8th of
February.

" Feb. 8, 1773, Voted to receive the committee's
resolves, and record them on the town book.

" At a town-meeting in Wareham, Jan. 18, 1773,
and continued by adjournment to February 8th, fol-
lowing, and then met to consider a letter of corre-
spondence from the town of Boston, occasioned by
sundry grievances the people of this Province at
present labor under respecting sundry acts of Parlia-
ment of Great Britain, thereby drawing a tribute or
tax from the people of this Province, the town taking
the same into consideration, come to the following
conclusions, as expressed in the following resolves :

"Resolved, That by tbe charter of this Province we are en-
titled to all the privileges and immunities of the natural born
subjects of Great Britain, therefore,

2. " Resolved, That the raising of a revenue on the people by
a legislative authority where they have no right in the election,
or returning of any of the members, is a great grievance, as we
are thereby taxed by other than our own representatives.

3. " lieintlved, That the oxteusive power given to tbe com-
missioners of his Majesty's customs in America is a grievance.

4. " Resolved, That the affixing salaries on the judges of the
Supreme Court of judicature, within the province, out of the
aforesaid revenue, is a grievance, as our lives and property are
so nearly concerned in the decision of judges who hold their
places during pleasure, and are entirely dependent on the Crown
for their support.

5. " Resolved, That the extending the power of the courts of
Vice-Admiralty so as that in many things it destroys the privi-
lege of the trials by juries, is an extreme grievance; and in
particular that remarkable distinction made between the sub-
jects in Great Britain and those in these Colonics, in sundry
acts of Parliament in which the property of the colouists is
given up to the determination of one siugle judge of admiralty
whereby the same act the subject in Great Britain is tried in
his Mujesty's court of record.

6. " Resolved, That we will freely join with the town of
Boston, or any or all the other towns in this Province, to take
any legal measures to obtain a removal of the above grievancu
in a coustitutional manner.

7. " Resolved, That whereas we are not in the capacity to send
a representative to represent us in the general assembly of the
Province, we desire the committee of correspondence of the



HISTORY OF WAREHAM.



203



town of Boston to use their influence in that constitutional body,
that tbey may petition our most gracious sovereign for a re-
moval of the above-said grievances, or that such method for the
recovery of our ancient and invaluable privileges as in their
wisdom may appear most Conducive to the common good of the
Province.

8. " Refilled, That the thanks of this town be returned to
the inhabitants of the town of Boston for their letter of corre-
spondence, and the care they have taken to acquaint the Province
in general, und us in particular, of the divers measures that
have been, and still are, taken to deprive us of the privileges
enjoyed by the subjects of the same Prince in Great Britain.

9. " Resolved, That if any person for the sake of any post of
honor, or any private advantage whatsoever, shall basely desert
the commou cause of British Freedom, and endeavor to hinder
or obstruct our thus recovering our ancient and invaluable
privileges, he shall be deemed an enemy to his country, and
shall be treated by us with that neglect and contempt that his
behavior deserves.

" Lastly, That these resolves be recorded in the town's book
of records, and that the town clerk transmit an attested copy
of the same under his hand to the aforesaid committee of cor-
respondence for the town of Boston."

Thus we see that the town of Wareham responded
to the first call to oppose grievances, and to insist
upon a constitutional remedy. Failing in this, they
prepared for another remedy, and on the 16th of
January, 1775, they voted to allow each minute-man
Is. -id. per week, refusing to pay any province or
county tax under the king's authority, and voted to
pay the province tax already made to Dr. Andrew
Mackie, with instructions that he keep it until the
town should otherwise order. On the 17th of March,
1775, they voted to purchase six guns for the use of
the town, and directed Nathan Bassett to put the
other guns in repair, and make bayonets to fit them,
for which service they paid him £24 ICs. 6J. April
3, 1775, they voted to pay the province tax to Henry
Gardiner, Esq., at Stow, Mass.

The militia company of Wareham that responded
to the call, April 19, 1775 : Commissioned officers, —
Noah Fearing, captain ; John Gibbs, lieutenant. Non-
commissioned officers, — Jonathan Gibbs, Joseph Stur-
tevaut, sergeants; Enos Howard, corporal; Thomas
Norris, drummer ; Joseph Bumpus, Joseph Winslow,
Jesse Swift, Bumpus, John Bates, Bas-
sett, Benjamin Swift, John Bourne, Archipaus San-
ders, Hathaway, Samuel Savery, David Nye,

privates.

About the time of the battle of Lexington a report
was circulated that the king's troops had landed at
Marshfield, and were marching through the country,
killing women and children and laying the whole
country waste.

The following company of minute-meu started at
once for Marshfield : Commissioned officers, — Israel
Fearing, capt.in ; Joshua Briggs, lieutenant ; Eben-



ezer Chubbuck, second lieutenant. Non-commis-
sioned officers, — Samuel Savery, Prince Burgess, Ed-
ward Sparrow, Burgess, sergeants; John Besse,

drummer; Joshua Besse, fifer ; Samuel Burgess, Syl-
vester Bumpus, Calvin Howard, Wilbur Swift, Ben-
jamin Gibbs, Samuel Phillips, Rufus Perry, Nathaniel
Burgess, Joshua Gibb3, Jr., William Parris, Isaac
Ames, William Bumpus, David Perry, Beujamin
Briggs, Barnabas Bumpus, Elisha Burgess, Richard
Sears, Asaph Bates, Jabez Nye, John Lothrop, Eben-
ezer Bourne, Willis Barrows, Samuel Norris, Joseph
Bumpus, Elisha Swift, Jabez Besse, Samuel Morse,
Thomas Sampson, Timothy Chubbuck, privates.
After reaching Plymouth, learning that the king's
troops had left Marshfield for Boston, the company
returned home ; whereupon the town voted that those
who did not go at the alarm should not have any pay,
and to those who did go they paid £21 5s. -id., it
being the sum due them by the vote of Jauuary
16th.

Soon after this Ebenezer Chubbuck, Samuel Besse,
Nathan Bassett, Barnabas Bates, David Saunders, Bar-
nabas Bumpus, Judah Swift, and Daniel Perry went
to Roxbury and served the term of two mouths ; and
about the same time Joseph Bosworth, John Besse,
Joshua Besse, Joseph Saunders, William Conant, Jo-
seph Bumpus, Consider Sturtevant, Ephraim Norris,
Rufus Perry, John Bourne, Beujamin Russell, Sam-
uel Morse, Caleb Burgess, Barnabas Bates, Joseph
Bates, Thomas Bates, Samuel Bates, and Jabez Nye
were stationed along shore iu this town, eulistcd for
the term of six mouths and paid by the State. They
went at an alarm from Naushon during their term of
service, to which place they rowed themselves iu two
whaleboats. Also, during the same time, Edward
Sparrow, Lieut. Willard Swift, Lemuel Caswell, Johu
Lathrop, Calvin Howard, Samuel Phillips, Samuel
Barrows, Benjamin Chubbuck, aud William Thorn
were iu the army near Boston, among the eight
months' men ; and Nathan Savery and John Bourne
went to the Lakes and assisted in taking Ticonderoga
and Crown Point. Thus we see that this little town,
which stated in the Ninth Resolve that they were not
in the capacity to send a representative, not having
voters enough, had thirty-six men in the public ser-
vice the first year of the war. Aud when the public-
authorities called for a re-enlistment for the term of
one year, and it was submitted to the citizens of Ware-
ham to see who would enlist for the year 1776, Ed-
ward Sparrow, Josiah Harlow, Willard Swift, Lem-
uel Caswell, Samuel Barrows, Samuel Phillips. Wil-
liam Pierce, Arthur Hathaway, William Thorn, Jesse
Swift, Benjamin Gibbs, Caleb Burgess, Benjamin



204



HISTORY OP PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



Burgess, William Buuipus, Benjamin Swift, John
Gait, Solomon Hitchmau, and Rufus Perry consented
and joined the army near Boston ; from whence,
after the British evacuated that place, they went to
New York. March 18, 1776, the town chose John
Fearing, Andrew Mackie, Israel Fearing, Joshua
Gibbs, and Prince Burgess a committee of corre-
spondence, inspection, and safety, and voted to pay
for five pickaxes, eleven spades, and six narrow axes
furnished the army. In June there was another call
for men to go to New York, when Joseph Bates,
Perez Briggs, William Hunt, Joseph Bosworth, Na-
thaniel Burgess, Benjamin Swift, and Benjamin
Chubbuck were enlisted for the term of five months,
making twenty-five men in the regular army the sec-
ond year of the war.

Oct. 14, 1776, resolved as follows : " That we judge
it best that the plan of government of the late char-
ter, viz., by the House of Representatives and Council,
be strictly adhered to, and that no alteration be
made therein respecting a form of government, at
least during the preseut war."

Upon the call of Congress for men to serve in the
Continental army for three years or during the war,
commencing with 1777, Lieut. Joseph Bates, Joseph
Saunders, William Conant, Jonathan Saunders, Lot
Sturtevant, David Burgess, Nathan Sturtevant, Solo-
mon Hitchman, Moses Sturtevant, James Buuipus,
Auiaziah King, Reuben Maxim, Joseph Bumpus,
aud William Parkerson enlisted and were marched
against Burgoyne's army. About the same time the
State called for two mouths' men to go to Rhode
Island, when Silas Besse, Hallet Briggs, Benjamin
Bourne, Joseph Swift, John Winslow, and Asa
Bumpus responded to the call, and were stationed
near How land's Ferry.

After this Lieut. Prince Burgess, Ebenezer Bur-
gess, aud Heman Sturtevant went to Rhode Island,
and were in the battle fought by Gen. Sullivan at the
south end of the island, and it is said they all fought
bravely. In August of this year nearly every man of
the militia went against Newport on the secret expe-
dition which did not succeed, and they soon returned.

March 26, 1777, Chose Jeremiah Bumpus, Eben-
ezer Chubbuck, Israel Fearing, Edward Sparrow, aud
Barnabas Bates, Jr., a committee of correspondence,
iuspectiou, and safety.

September 29th, Voted thirty-three pounds to pay
for one hundred pounds of powder.

November 25th, Voted one hundred pounds for
the purpose of supplying the families of the Conti-
nental soldiers, and chose a committee to provide
such articles as they should need.



This vote shows that those who stayed at home in
that trying day did not forget the widow and the
fatherless. The property of the rich went to feed the
poor by vote, and not by the liberality or narrowness
of each individual heart. And there were some who
did more than vote. Silvanus Bourne, Es<[., of this
town, long since deceased, once gave the following in-
cident : " An aged lady by the name of Reed but a
few days since told me she was married in the year
1775. The next year her husband went iuto the
army, leaving her young aud iuexperienced, with an
infant upon her bosom, to manage the domestic affairs
in-doors aud out through a long and bitter-cold wiu-
ter; and when she heard from her husband it was
from the battle-field, with the battle bravely fought,
but not finished. At length he returned ; another
winter approaching, he was drafted again, and through
her entreaties he was prevailed upon to hire a substi-
tute. In addition to the pay agreed upon, he told
the man that when he returned he would assist him in
building a house. The mau was killed in the battle
at the taking of Burgoyne ; but, said she, his poor
widow did not go houseless, for my husband built it,
and made her comfortable as long as she lived."

Soon after the taking of Burgoyne's army Barna-
bas Bates, Silas Besse, Silas Fearing, John Gait,
David Perry, Jabez Besse, and Nathan Norris went
to Boston on a three-months' tour to guard the pris-
oners.

March 2, 1778, Chose John Fearing, James Bur-
gess, Andrew Mackie, Samuel Savery, aud Barnabas
Bates a committee of correspondence, inspection, and
safety.

In September of this year the British burnt the
shipping at New Bedford, and the militia of this
town turned out generally at the alarm.

There were two alarms at Falmouth during the
war, to which place the militia of Wareham speedily
repaired, but at neither time fouud the enemy.

October 5th, Voted to raise money to pay for sol-
diers' clothing, aud chose a committee to supply the
soldiers' families the ensuing year.

Jan. 11, 1779, Voted to raise by tax one hundred
aud eighty-four pounds in the west end of the town,
to pay two nine-months' men. viz., Andrew Sturte-
vant and Asa Bumpus. Voted, to raise soldiers in
future by a town tax, and a committee was chosen to
hire them for the town. March 8, Chose Johu Fear-
ing, Joshua Gibbs, aud David Nye, to see that there
be no forestalling and monopolizing in the town,
agreeably to an act of the General Court.

Chose John Fearing, Andrew Mackie, Samuel Sa-
very, Barnabas Bates, and Prince Burgess a commit-



HISTORY OF WAREHAM.



205



tee of correspondence, inspection, aDd safety. March
23d, Voted to sell the nine guns (that came from
Boston) at vendue, and they were sold for three hun-
dred aud eighty dollars and fifty cents.

July 5th, Chose a committee to supply the soldiers'
families with the necessaries of life. Voted £110
16s. to pay soldiers' bounty and mileage.

December 6th, Voted to send to Boston for one
hundred and sixty pounds of powder.

March 22, 1780, Chose Israel Fearing, Barnabas
Bates, and Rowland Thatcher a committee of cor-
respondence, inspection, and safety.

June 20th, Voted that the six months' men, now
sent into service, be hired by a tax, and that each
man have sixty-nine silver dollars as a bounty, and
one hundred and thirty paper dollars per man mile-
age money. Voted to eleven three months' men
forty silver dollars per man, and one hundred paper
dollars per month; and Capt. John Gibbs, William
Conant, Thomas Bates, Silas Bcsse, Lot Thatcher,
Lot Bumpus, Seth Stevens, Isaac Stevens, George
Glover, Benjamin Benson, George Gurney, and
Thomas Barrows were the captain and eleven men
mentioned in the last vote. These men went to
Rhode Island.

September 21st, Voted to raise £86 17s. bard
money to pay for beef sent to the army. December
26th, Voted to raise seveii men for the army during
the war. Jan. 6, 1781, Voted to have a lottery to
raise two hundred and eighty dollars hard money to
raise soldiers with. Voted to accept the seheme of
the lottery as it now stands. This last vote shows to
what extremity the town was pushed to raise the
funds necessary to carry on the war ; but they shrunk
not back ; when the people had become so poor that
money could not be raised by tax, they sought other
expedients and found them. July 9th, Chose a com-
mitte to procure beef for the army. September 24th,
Voted for two five months' soldiers, twenty-one
pounds ; for four three months' men, seventy-two
pounds ; and for seven three years' soldiers, one huu-
dred and twenty-six pounds. October 8th, Voted
£235 8s. to pay for nine thousand one hundred and
forty-six pounds of beef sent to the Continental army,
and £10 for four hundred pounds of beef for soldiers'
families.

Dee. 17th, Voted to join with Plymouth to petition
to take off the excise act. Sept. 16, 1782, Voted two
hundred and ten pouiuls for seven three years' sol-
diers. Sept. 29, 1783, Voted one hundred aud eighty
pounds for six three years' soldiers.

It is impossible at this date to ascertain the names
of the men raised by some of the above votes, but Noah



Bumpus, Asa Bumpus, Solomon Hitchman, Ebenezer
Clark, Willard Swift, William Pierce, and Stephen
Swift served during the war, and are probably the
men raised by the vote of Dec. 26, 1780. Those
raised by the vote of 1781 were probably such men
as had returned from former service, and were pre-
vailed upon to go again. Philemou Dunham, who is
not mentioned above, went into the army three times,
and Samuel Bates served six years, and uo doubt
many others went in other campaigns than those
where their names are mentioned.

The votes of September, 1782 and 1783, were to
pay soldiers already in the army, and not to raise
new forces. Of the eighty-six persons who performed
service from two months to seven years, whose names
have come down to the present generation, thir-
teen died while in service, viz. : Samuel Besse, John
Lathrop, John Bourne, Samuel Barrows, Samuel
Phillips, William Thorn, Caleb Burgess, Rufus Perry,
Benjamin Swift, Jonathan Saunders, Nathan Sturte-
vant, Moses Sturtevant, and William Parkerson.
During the war the operations of the patriotic citi-
zens of this town were not confined to the land. Capt.
Barzillai Besse went out privateering under a com-
mission from the State, in an armed sloop, and took
one prize. He, together with John Gibbs and some
others of his crew, left his vessel at Nantucket, and
went with Capt. Dimmick, of Falmouth, as volun-
teers in a wood sloop, borrowed for the occasion, aud
running down towards the enemy's vessel, which was
a shaving-mill mounting six swivels, Dimmick was
ordered to strike ; he showed submission, but in
running under the stern he put his bowsprit over
the enemy's taffrail, and calling upon his men, they
sprang on board, killed the English captain, aud took
the vessel in a few minutes. Also a ten-guu sloop
named the " Hancock," owned by John Carver,
Nathan Bassett, and others, was fitted out from this
place as a privateer, commanded by James Southard.
The first cruise they went to the West Indies, and
took two prizes. The second cruise they took two
Grand Bank fishermen, both brigs, aud brought them
into Wareham. The enemy took from the citizens
of Wareham the schooner " Lion," coming from the
West Indies with a load of salt. Also the schooner
" Desire," goiug to Brazil, aud a sloop that was built
for a privateer, and performed one successful cruise in
that capacity, but was afterwards sent to Turk's
Island for salt, and was taken when returning.

War of 1812. — From the Revolutionary war until
the war of 1812 but few incidents happeued to Ware-
ham, of an historical nature, worthy of notice. The
town increased gradually in business aud population.



206



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



commerce at one time was flourishing, and many ves-
sels were built at the Narrows, and when the second
war was declared and commerce cut off many persons
were poor indeed. However, they bore up under it
as well as they could, ran their small vessels along
shore as far as New York, and had the following
sloops taken by the enemy, most of which were ran-
somed: Sloop "Washington," Capt. Besse ; "Reso-
lution," Gibbs ; " Liberty," Savery ; " Ruth," White;
" Paragon," Howard ; " Polly," Barrows ; " Thomas,"
Leonard; "Betsey," Gibbs; "Swallow," Besse;
"Vineyard" ferry-boat, Leonard ;" Dolly," Gurney ;
"Income," Briggs ; aud "Fox," Leouard. The
sloop " Polly," Capt. Barrows, was taken on the 9th
of June, 1814, off Westport. The captain ran-
somed her for two hundred dollars, and came home
to get the money, leaving Moses Bumpus and James
Miller with the British until his return. The same
day the sloop was retaken by a party fitted out from
Westport, but the two young men, Bumpus and Mil-
ler, had been taken on board the brig-of-war " Niui-
rod," and by their aid, as was supposed, in a few
days ran up the bay to West's Island. Here they
landed and took Samuel Besse on board for a pilot,
as he says, by force, and compelled him to pilot the
brig up the bay. On the next day, June 13th, she
was seen by Ebenezer Bourne, about nine o'clock
A.M., off Mattapoisett, standing up the bay, aud at
ten came to anchor about four miles southerly of
Bird Island Light, and immediately manned six
barges, which formed a line two abreast. Each
barge had a large lateen-sail, and was rowed by six
oars, double-manned, with a fair wind and strong
flood tide, and steered for Wareham. Bourne left
his work and ran to his boat, then lyiug at Crooked
River, and sailed to the lower end of the Neck, when
he landed, and in twenty minutes from the time he
left home gave information to the selectmen, then as-
sembled on other business, at the Narrows village.
He and they passed quickly through the village, giv-
ing the alarm to the citizens, until they arrived at the
house of Benjamin Fearing, Esq. Here the select-
men ordered Maj. William Barrows to agsemblc the
men and prepare their guns as fast as possible, then
pass down the Narrows, aud they would forward them
ammunition as soon as it could be procured from the
town stores, which were kept by Wadsworth Crocker,
Esq. Bourne, upon his first arrival at Fearings,
meeting with a gentleman upon a smart horse, bound
towards Agawam village, requested him to quicken
his speed and stop at the next public-house, then
kept by Capt. Israel Fearing, and tell him to call out
his men aud proceed forthwith to the east side of the



Narrows. This the stranger promised and performed.
Maj. Barrows collected twelve meu, with arms, which
he paraded, and the minister, Rev. Noble Everett,
came from the selectmen with a keg of powder and
balls. But while they were loading their guns, Wil-
liam Fearing, Esq., and Jonathan Rccd came to the
major and told him to put his arms and ammunition
out of sight, for they had made a treaty with the
enemy, who had agreed to spare private property.
The guns were hid under Capt. Jeremiah Bumpus'
porch, and the keg of powder left near his house.
The British came to the turn of the channel, here
set a white flag, and proceeded to the lower wharf,
where the marines landed, being about two hundred
in number, paraded on the wharf, aud set a sentinel
upon the high land back of the village, with orders to
let no citizen pass from the village, and it was about
this time that Fearing and Reed approached the
enemy with a white handkerchief upou a cane aud
made the treaty aforesaid. The enemy then marched
up the street, stationing sentries upon the high land,
at convenient distances, until they arrived at the cot-
tou-factory. Here quite a number of persous were
collected, and Barker Crocker, Esq., of West Barn-
stable, was mounted on a spirited horse. He had
been pricking the animal with pins until he was in a
high state of excitement, plunging aud rearing as the
British approached.

As Crocker had expected, the commanding officer
ordered him at once to dismount, which he did ; and
the uniformed Briton had hardly placed his feet in



Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) → online text (page 48 of 118)