D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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George M. Witherell, Co. I, 4th Regt., at Baton Rouge, La.,
March 28, 1863, of fever.

John Joues, Co. I, 4th Regt., June 11, 1863, at Brashear
City, La.

James B. Curtis, Co. I, 4th Regt., April 29, 1863, at New
Orleans, La.

Alden Howard, Co. I, 4th Regt., July 15, 1S63, at New Or-
leans, La.

Edwin Bosworth, Co. I, 4th Regt., Aug. 3, 1S63, at New
Orleans, La., of chronic diarrhoea.

Robert Henry Cornell, Co. I, 4th Rogt., April 21, 1863, at
Carrolltou, La.

Marcus M. Reed, Co. I, 4th Regt., at Brashear City, La.,
June 8, 1863, of chronic diarrhoea.

Charles G. Clark, Co. I, 4th Regt., at New Orleans, La.,
July 16, 1863.

George H. Ford, Co. I, 4th Regt., at New Orleans, La., July
17, 1863.

Henry T. Stevens, Co. F, 28th Regt., at Andcrsonville, Ga.,
Sept. 6, 1764.

Calvin S. Magoun, Co. A, 28th Regt., died Juno 19, 1862, on
the cars between New York and Boston, of typhoid pneumonia.

Marshall M. Chandler, Co. — , 29th Regt., died at Philadel-
phia, Pa., July 6, 1862, of typhoid fever.

Nathaniel B. Bishop, Co. B, 40th Regt., was killed June 2,
1864, at Coal Harbor, Va.


Rev. Morrill Allen was born in Dover, Mass.,
April 3, 1776. He was the son of Capt. Hezekiah
and Mary (Peters) Allen. After preparing for col-
lege, under private tutorship, he entered Brown
University, 1795, and graduated with honors in 1798.
He earned by teaching school the money to defray
his expenses at college, and in the sacrifices which
he made at that period in order to obtain an educa-
tion was evidenced the spirit of self-denial, persistent
endeavor, and the many sterliug qualities of mind
aud heart which characterized him through life.
Soon after graduating he commenced the study of
theology, under the tutelage of Dr. Fobes, of Rayn-



ham. After two years spent in study, during a part
of which period he taught school, lie offered himself
as candidate for settlement in the ministry. On the
9th of December, 1S01, he was ordained as pastor
of the First Church and society in Pembroke, Mass.
The previous May he married Hannah, daughter of
IIou. Josiah Dean, of Raynham, a lady who proved
a model mother and wife, and he always bore testi-
mony to the fact that to her industry, prudence, and
faithful help much of the credit for his subsequent
prosperity and comforts were due.

Mr. Allen received but a small salary as minister,
and the growing expenses of an increasing family
demanded that there should be another source of in-
come. His previous success in teaching and his love
for that work, dictated at once the receiving of stu-
dents into his family. His reputation as an earnest,
faithful, and successful teacher spread abroad, and
students came from different parts of the country,
and it was in after-years a gratifying source of pleas-
ure to him that many whom he instructed afterwards
attained to eminence in the different walks of life.
His school increased in numbers to such an extent
that the labor of teaching, in connection with his
parish and pulpit duties, became too arduous and
threatened to undermine his health. This influenced
him to relinquish teaching. He then purchased a
small farm, and devoted his spare time to its cultiva-
tion in order to recover by physical exercise his
wonted health, and also with the hope that he might
make it in some degree profitable. It has been said
that the possession of certain qualities will insure
success in whatever channel they may be directed.
This certainly proved true in Mr. Allen's case. He
went at farming as he did at everything else he un-
dertook in life, with energy, intelligence, and zeal,
and his success abundantly rewarded his efforts. He
became the leading agriculturist of this part of New
England in his day. It appeared to be hi3 object

not only to make a success of his methods of farming
for the sake of the profits to be derived, but also to
do a substantial good to the community around him
by introducing new and improved methods, and mak-
ing farming a more attractive and lucrative occupa-
tion. He was mainly instrumental in organizing the
first agricultural association in the county, and was
its president for many years.

After continuing in the ministry for more than
forty years he resigned his pastorate, and only occa-
sionally thereafter officiated, when the settled min-
ister was absent or ill. After relinquishing his
ministerial duties he devoted much time to the study
of agriculture, and contributed many valuable arti-
cles to the agricultural papers and journals of the
day. And many of the original opinions and ideas
he advanced are still regarded as authority. In 1S49
he was elected a corresponding member of the Royal
Agricultural Society of Turin, in Sardinia. After
his withdrawal from the ministry he was twice elected
a member of the Massachusetts Senate, an honor
entirely unsought by him, and in this new field of
action he exhibited the same sterling traits and useful
energy that distinguished whatever he did.

Whether we regard Mr. Allen as minister, parish-
ioner, legislator, or farmer, the same prudence, kind-
ness, sound judgment, honesty of conviction, and
intelligence of thought is apparent. But few men
have so successfully maintained through a long life
such divers relations with such distinguished ability.
He was the father of ten children, five of whuin
survived him. He lived in the possession, in a re-
markable degree, of all his faculties to the extreme
age of nearly ninety-five years. His decease was
Aug. 17, 1870, of no dise;ise, but simply that the
machinery of life had worn out, and its action ceased.
No man who ever lived in Pembroke was more re-
spected, revered, and beloved than Rev. Morrill

7^;'// ^//^





For ;i little more thau a century after the first set-
tlement of New England, most of the territory now
comprised within the limits of this town was a part
of Plymouth. Before the Pilgrims had determined
upon the particular place where to make their final
settlement, this locality had its attractions for them,
and in Mourt's " Relation" is thus described : " The
next morning, being Tuesday the 19th of December,
1620, wee went again to discover further. Some
went on laud and some in die shallop, the Land wee
found as the former day wee did, and wee found a
Creeke, and up three English myles a very pleasant
river, at full sea a Barke of thirty tuune may goe
up, but at low water scarce our shallop could passe —
this place wee had a great liking to plant in, but that
it was so fane from our fishing, our priucipall profit,
and so incompassed with woods, that wee should bee
in much danger of the salvages, and our number
being so little, and so much ground to cleere so as
we thought good to quit and cloare that place till we
were of more strength." Seventeen years previous
to this landing just mentioned, Martin Pring, an
Englishman, set out from Bristol, England, " for the
discourie of the north part of Virginia." He notes
the fact that while detained at Milford Haven " we
heard of Queen Elizabeth's death." Prom the latter
place they sailed on the 10th of April, 1603, and
during the month of June Were on the coast of Mas- '
sachusetts, and came to anchor in a bay they called
Whitson Bay. Belknap in his history points out
this plaee as being at Edgartowu, on Martha's Vine-
yard, and other writers have quoted him as author-
ity, but Mr. B. F. De Costa, in an article written for
The Magazine of American History, December, 1882,
shows very clearly that Whitson Bay was none other
than Plymouth Bay. If so, Jones River is thus de-
scribed by Pring. " Passing vp a River we saw eer-

taine Cottages together abandoned by the Sauages,
and not farre off we beheld their Gardens, and one
among the rest of an Acre of ground, and in the
same was sowne Tobacco, Pompions, Cowcuiubers,
and such like, and some of the people had Maiz or
Indian Wheate among them. In the fields we found
wild Pease, Strawberries very faire and bigge, Goose-
berries, Raspices, Hurts, and other wild fruits." In
the year 1605, Champlain, the French voyager under
De Mont, visited the harbor of Plymouth, which he
named Port St. Louis, and on his map of the sur-
rounding shore the mouth of Jones River is indicated.
His description of the country is similar to that of
Pring's. These facts are mentioned here as every-
thing that can throw light upon the p:ist history of
our land, especially previous to its settlement by
Englishmen, cannot fail to be interesting to present
and succeeding generations.

Early Settlers and Proprietors of Lands at the
Rocky Nook and Jones River. — It was only a
short time after the settlement at Plymouth by the
" Mayflower" Pilgrims before the colouists began to
occupy lots around the bay, for, as Governor Brad-
ford states in his history, " ye people of ye plantation
begaue to grow iu their outward estats . . . and as
their stocks increased and ye increase veudible, ther
was no longer any holding them togeather, but now
they must of necessitie goe to their great lots ; they
could not otherwise keep their katle ; and having
oxen growne they must have land for plowing aud
tillage. Aud no man now thought he could live,
except he had catle and a great deal of grounde to
keep them ; all striving to increase their stocks. By
which means they were scatered all over ye bay,
quickly, and ye towne, in which they lived compactly
till now (1632) was left very thine and iu a short
time allmost desolate. And if this had been all, it
had been less, thoug to much ; but ye church must
also be devided, and those y' had lived so long to-
geather in Christian & comfortable fellowship must
now part and suffer many divissions." This last refers


2 40


to the formation of the church at Duxbury, and mauy
lameuted the division, so much so that four years
later (1636), the year previous to the iucorporation
of that town, the question of uniting the churches of
Plymouth and Duxbury at some convenient point
between the places and there building a meeting-
house and town was seriously considered. After
" much conference" the persons appointed to consider
the subject decided " Jones River to be the fittest
place," and afterwards it was left to the two churches
" to agree upon and end the same." Nothing more,
however, is known of the matter, except that the
towns were never united. At the period just referred
to it is certain that a number of houses had been
built and occupied in Rocky Nook and by Jones
River or viciuity, and those early residents or pro-
prietors of lands in that part of Plymouth that has
been included within the bounds of Kingston since
the year 1726 will now be noticed.

Isaac Allerton. — He was one of the " May-
flower" Pilgrims, and for several years a very import-
ant man among them, being almost at the head of
their business affairs, and was one of the few who
was designated by the title of Mister. He owned the
house and farm at Rocky Nook, near the river, which
afterwards belonged to his son-in-law, Elder Thomas
Cushman. In the spring of 1621, after the death of
Governor Carver, when William Bradford was chosen
Governor, Mr. Allerton was his assistant, and they
continued together several years. In 1627 he re-
turned from London, where he had been sent by the
" Planters of New Plimoth" as their agent, to make
an agreement with the company of adventurers,
and to solicit aid in behalf of the Leyden Church.
He was fortunate enough to purchase all the interest
of the adventurers for the planters, and continued
their agent until some time in 1630, when his business
transactions, which had at first seemed profitable to
them, proved to be a loss, and as many were involved
in the transaction, much unkind feeling was felt to-
wards him. Governor Bradford devotes many pages
of his history to explaining the complicated affairs of
his friend, hinting in several places that he probably
intended no wrong, and saying, " God give him to see
ye evill in his failings that he may find mercie by
repentance fur ye wrongs he hath done to any and this
pore plantation in spetiall. They that doe such things
doe not only bring themselves into sna)es and sorrows,
but many with them (though in another kind), as
lamentable experience shows; and it is too manifest
in this bussiness." Mr. Allerton did not remain in
the colony long after this, but after being in New
Amsterdam aud other places awhile he made his home

in New Haven, where he died about 16S9. He
married Fear, daughter of Elder Brewster, in 1626,
who died about 1634. His first wife, who came with
him in the" Mayflower," died soon after their arrival,
aud their daughter, Mary, married Elder Cushman.
She was the last survivor of the first-comers, dying
in 1699.

Gregory Armstrong. — " At a Towne's Meeting
ye 22 1 " 1 June, 164-4," this person was ordered to re-
pair with a company from Jones River, '• in case of
Alarum in time of war or danger." He married in
1638 Eleanor Billington, the widow of Juhu Bil-
lington, who was the first to be executed for murder
in the Old Colony, 1630.

William Bradford. — This illustrious person,
the Governor of the colony for many years, had a
large tract of land near Jones River, and a house at
Stony Brook, as early as 1637, probably the same
one afterwards occupied by his son, Maj. Bradford.
Some have been of the opinion that the Governor's
chief residence was there, while others doubt if he
lived so far from the town proper. David Bradford,
of the fourth generation from the Governor (dying
in 1840, aged eighty-three years), and the last of his
direct descendants who lived on the place, thought,
however, that his ancestor had resided there. A
court order in 1637 mentions the house, and in 1643,
when Bradford was Governor, the following vote was
passed at a town-meeting, February 10th: "It is
agreed that wolfe traps be made according to the
order of court in manner following: 1st, that one
trap be made at Jones River by the Gov"" family,
Mr. Prence and Mr. Hanburn's, 1 and Mathew Fuller
and Abraham Pierce." In 1644, when Winslow was
Governor, Mr. Bradford's family, at Jones River,
was ordered to furnish one person for a company in
time of war or danger. After the death of Elder
Brewster, at Duxbury, it is recorded that Jonathan
and Love, his sons, " returned from the burial of
their father to the house of Mr. William Bradford,
of Plymouth," and in the presence of the ministers
of Marshfield, Duxbury, and Plymouth, together
with Standish, Winslow, Prence, and others, they
mutually agreed upon a division of their father's
estate. This not only shows that Elder Brewster was
buried in some part of Plymouth, but also that Gov-
ernor Bradford lived at some point between the
burial-place and their home in Duxbury, as they
were returning from the burial. Rev. Mr. Steele, in
his " Life and Times of Elder Brewster," says that
he was buried on Plymouth Burial Hill, but further

1 Probably Hanbury.



on in this work it will be shown that he might have
been buried in Plymouth, even if not on the hill.
Of the public services of Governor Bradford no
mention will be made here, as that work properly
belongs to the historian of Plymouth.

Maj. William Bradford, son of the Governor,
born June 17, 1624, was one of the most important
men in the colony. He resided near Stony Brook
(at the same place just referred to in notice of his
father), and the location of his house can be distinctly
seen on the rising ground between the houses of the
late Deacon James Foster and Francis Drew. The spot
was pointed out to Alden Bradford, Es<[. (secretary
of the commonwealth of Massachusetts), many years
ago by the venerable David Bradford, and some years
after, Francis Drew, who came into possession of the
estate, made an examination of the old cellar and
found many little relics of household articles. Per-
sons now living in the neighborhood can well recollect
the trees of the old orchard, which were planted near
the house. As late as the year 1843 several of the
ancient sweet apple-trees were standing and bearing
good fruit. Within a few years they have all been
cut down, with the exception of one that was pur-
posely left as a landmark of the past, and this bore a
small quantity of fruit in the year 1876. Soon after
the death of his father, Maj. Bradford was elected
assistant and chief military commander in the colony.
He was a prominent officer in King Philip's war, and
was Deputy Governor from 1682 to 16S6 and 1689
to 1692, when the colonial government terminated.
Afterwards he was chosen a counselor of Massachu-
setts. At a town-meeting, April 22, 167U, lie was
requested to act as moderator at all the town-meet-
ings at Plymouth. In the year 1662, when Alex-
ander, the successor of Massasoit, was suspected of
designs against the English, Maj. Bradford was with j
Maj. Winslow when the chieftain was surprised and
taken prisoner. As the account of Alexander's arrest
and death has been given to the public many times,
and in different ways, it will not be out of place to
give Bradford's version of the affair. It is contained
in a letter written by Rev. John Cotton to Dr. Mather,
which was published by Judge Davis in his editiou
of Morton's " Memorial," and is as follows:

" Maj. Bradford confidentially assures me that in the narra-
tive uf Ue AU.tttnUi-u there are many mistakes, and fearing lest
you should, through misinformation, print some mistakes on
that subject, from his mouth I this write. lteports being hero
that Alexander was plotting, or privy to plots, against the
English, authority sent to him to come duwn. lie came not.
Whereupon Maj. Winslow was sent to fetch him. Maj. Bradford
with soiuo others went with him. At Munponset river, a place
not many miles hence, they found Alexander, with about eight

men and sundry squaws. He was there about getting canoes,
lie and his men were at their breakfast under their shelter, their
guns being without. They saw the English coining, but con-
tinued eating, and M. Winslow telling their business, Alex-
ander freely and readily, without the least hesitancy, consented
to go, giving his reason why he came nut to the Court before,
viz.: because lie waited for Captain Willet's return from the
Dutch, being desirous to speak with him first. They brought
him to Mr. Collier's that day, and Gov. Prince living remote at
Easthaui, those few magistrates who were at band issued the
matter peaceably and immediately dismisaed Alexander, to
return home, which he did part of the way ; but iu two or three
days after he returned and went to Maj. Winslow's house, in-
tending thenee to travel into the Bay, 1 and so home ; but at the
Major's huuse he was taken very sick, and was by water con-
veyed to Maj. Bradford's, and thence carried upon the shoulders
of his men to Tetequit river, and thence in canoes home, and
in about two or three days after died."

The account of this affair, which had been pub-
lished by Dr. I. Mather previous to the discovery of
the letter just referred to, made it appear that force
or threats were used before Alexander would accom-
pany the officers, and that the vexation and excite-
ment produced the fever that caused his death.

The most eventful period of Maj. Bradford's life
was during the years 1675-76. He was chief com-
mander of the forces from Plymouth at the time
King Philip and his people were attacked and routed
from their stronghold in the Narragansett Swamp.
The details of that bloody battle cannot be entered
upon here. It ia enough to say that on the result of
it seemed to depend the existence or destruction of
the colonies. The English realized the situation, and
in the depth of winter made one of the most desper-
ate attacks on a savage foe that we find recorded in
history. They gained the victory, but not without
having eighty men killed and one hundred aud fifty
wounded. In the year 1689 he is styled by the
people of Rehoboth as the " Worshipful Major Brad-
ford." At the same time they were endeavoring to
procure from him a quit-claim deed of the lands in
that town. The deed was soon after obtained, and to
show the phraseology of a part of that ancient docu-
ment, the recital is here copied and is as follows :

" To all people to whom these presents aliull come.

"William Bradford, of the town of Now Pliiuourh, in New
England, in America, Esq'r., the eldest son and next heir of
William Bradford, Esq., late of Pli mouth, deceased, sendeth
greeting, Ao. Whereas the said late William Bradford, my
hunorod father, was invested by virtue of a grant by Letters
Patent from the Honorable Council, established at Ptiuiouth,
in the county of Devon in the realm of England for the plant-
ing, ruling, and governing of New England in America, dcri-
vatiug from our late Suvereigu Lord, King James the first, in
all that part of New England tract and tracts of laud which
lie within and between the limits and bounds of said letters

1 Colony of Massachusetts Bay.



patent expressed to be granted, given, and confirmed unto the
suid William Bradford, his heirs, associates, and assigns for-
ever, and all lands, rivers, waters, havens, creeks, ports, lishing,
and all hereditaments, profits, and commodities, situate, lying,
or being or ensuing within or betueou any the said limits, viz.,
»fcc., Ac."

Maj. Bradford's estate comprised the whole of the
present village north of Stouy Brook, extending to
the bounds of Duxbury, besides tracts of land in
other parts of the town. All that portion north of
the brook was bequeathed to his four youuger sous, —
Israel, Ephraim, David, and Hezekiah, — " enjoining
upon them to sell it to none that do not bear the
name of Bradford and be not descended from him."
The part of this estate ou which his house stood de-
scended to David Bradford, his great-grandson, as
before mentioned, and he, dying without children,
gave, in his will, a portiou of the old homestead to
the writer of this article, who was the last person
having Bradford connected with his name to possess
any of the estate by direct descent.

Maj. Bradford married, first, Alice Richards, of
Weymouth, and she died 1671. His second wife
was a widow, Wiswall, and the third was Mary,
widow of Rev. John Holmes, of Duxbury. She
survived her husband more than eleven years, dying
June 6, 1715. By these three wives he had a large
family, viz. : (Maj.) John, William, Thomas, Samuel,
Alice, Hannah, Mercy, Melatiah (female), Mary,
Sarah, by first wife; Joseph, by second wife; Israel,
Davaid, Ephraim, and Hezekiah, by third wife. He
died Feb. 20, 170-1, and was buried on Plymouth
Burial Hill. According to tradition it was his re-
quest to be buried there by the side of his father.
His gravestone bears the following inscription :

" ][er& lyes yo body of yo Honourable Major William Brad-
ford, who expired February yo 20, 1703/4, aged 79 years.

lie lived long, but still was doing good,
And in his country's service lost much blood.
After a life well spent, he's now at rest —
His very naiuu and memory is blest."

Joseph Bradford, the youngest son of the Gov-
ernor, lived at Jones River, half a mile from its
mouth, at a place called " Flat House Dock." He
was licensed by the court in 1G7S to sell liquors. 1 As
his uame is but seldom mentioned in the records it is
to be supposed he did uot engage much in public
affairs. He married Jael Hobart, daughter of Rev.
Peter Hobart, of Hiughaui, May 25, 1GG-1. lie
died July 20, 1715, and was buried at Plymouth,

1 '' Liberty is granted unto Mr. Joseph Bradford and Mistress
Jael Bradford, his wife, to draw and sell beer as occasion may
require, so as they prudently prevent all excess that may come

near his brother, Maj. William. His gravestone has
this inscription :

" Here lyes ye body of Mr. Joseph Bradford, son to the Hon-
orable William Bradford, Fsq., governor of Plymouth Colony,
who died July 2l), 1715, in the S5th year of his age."

Mrs. Jael Bradford, his wife, died April 21, 1730,
in her eighty-seventh year, and she is buried in the
churchyard of this town, the stone at her grave being
now in a good state of preservation.

Maj. John Bradford, the eldest son of Maj.
William, born 1G53, lived in the house that is still

Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) → online text (page 57 of 118)