D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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here are of excellent flavor, and large quantities are
sent annually to different markets. During the nioaths
of summer many are engaged in catchiug scale-fish,
which are transported to Boston, New Bedford, and
other places.

Within a few years the attention of the people has
been directed to cranberry cultivation, and it promises
soon to become an extensive and lucrative business.

Social Organizations. — Pythagorean Lodge, F.
and A. M., was organized Aug. 20, 18G1. John D.
Allen, W. M. ; M. E. Simmons, S. W. ; and J. E.
Davenport, J. \V. The present officers are as follows:

F. B. Coggeshall, W. M. ; F. P. Vose, S. W. ; H. A.
Shurtleff, J. \V. ; Ezra S. Parlow, Treas. ; S. W. Hall,
Sec. ; Rev. H. C. Vose, Chaplain ; George B. Nye,
S. D. ; Charles D. Bolles, J. D. ; William T. Briggs,
S. S. ; D. H. Bowman, J. S. ; R. S. Ryder, I. S. ;
Daniel Galline, Tyler.

The following is a list of the Past Masters of this
lodge : John D. Allen, J. S. Luce, J. L. Meigs, Job
A. T. Eddy, Joseph Blankenship, Joseph L. Cole,
A. B. Couro, George B. Nye.

A lodge of the Independent Order of Odd-Fellows
was organized in Marion in 1845 by District Deputy
Grand Master William H. Taylor, of New Bedford.
The first officers of the lodge were as follows : Rev.
Nathan S. Clark, N. G. ; Walton N. Ellis, V. G. ;
George Delano, Sec. and Treas. ; Robert W. Ham-
mett, Warden ; Ichabod N. Lewis, Conductor.

The charter of this lodge was surrendered in the
year 1855.

Tabor Academy.' — Tabor Academy waa opened
to students in September, 1877, and has at this date,
July, 18S4, been in active operation for seven years.
During this time about one hundred different stu-
dents have been connected with the school, although
its number of pupils has at no time exceeded
thirty-five. Of these students, seven have entered
college, two have completed a medical course of
study, and three have entered the Boston School of
Technology.

This shows that about twelve per cent, of the stu-

1 By C. P. Rowland.



dents thus far have regarded their course at Tabor
Academy as preparatory to further study.

All the others, so far as known, with the exception
of three, have here completed their education. The
courses of study are so arranged that the pupil may
fit for college or pursue miscellaneous studies at his
option.

In 1880 it was found necessary to build a house
for the principal, with accommodations for those who
might wish to leave their children under his care,
and a new building was erected. This new building,
like the academy, is heated by steam, and designed
to accommodate with pleasant quarters eight or ten
pupils.

It is the aim of this school to give thorough in-
struction, and to encourage in its pupils a desire for
the real rather than the showy, and to develop the
moral as well as the intellectual element.

The school has been from the first under one prin-
cipal, — C. P. Howland, A.B., of Yale. It was soon
found, however, that one teacher could not do satis-
factorily the work necessary for even this small
school, and since 1878 an assistant has been cm-
ployed. These, up to the present time, have been
Rev. C. H. Phelps, Russell Little (a graduate of
Bowdoin), John Bates (a graduate of Columbia),
and H. L. Crano (a graduate of Worcester Academy).

The school is not incorporated, and is entirely
under the control of its founder, Mrs. Elizabeth
Tabor, who almost wholly supports it from a desire
to improve the young of her uative towu. The ex-
penses are — for tuition, twenty-four dollars a year;
for tuition and a home with the principal, three
hundred dollars.

While not in any sense a denominational school, it
will probably always be under the management of
those who sympathize with the Congregational
faith.

Its history as yet lies in the future, but we are
convinced that it has done, and will continue to do, a
noble work in fitting for the proper performance of
life's duties the young of Marion and adjoining
towns.

Bi-Centennial of Rochester. — The two hundredth
anniversary of the settlement of the ancient town of
Rochester was celebrated at Handy's Grove, Marion,
July 22, 1879. It was a great gala day, and will
never be forgotten by those who were present. At
the least calculation six thousand people were present.

Among the invited guests in attendance were Lieu-
tenant-Governor John D. Long, of Hingham ; Attor-
ney-General George Marston, of New Bedford ; Hon.
John B. D. Coggswell, of Yarmouth, president of the



328



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



Senate; Hon. William W. Crapo, M.C., of New Bed-
ford; Hon. Thomas Russell and wife, of Boston;
John W. Hammond, Esq., city solicitor, Cambridge ;
Edward Atkinson, Esq., Brookline; George 0. Shat-
tuek, Esq., Mattapoisett ; Hon. Charles J. Holmes,
Fall River ; John Eddy, Esq., Providence, R. I. ; Gen.
E. W. Pierce, Freetown ; Mrs. Zerviah Gould Mitch-
ell, and her two daughters, Tewelema and Wotoneka-
nuske, North Abington ; Henry Morton Dexter, D.D.,
New Bedford, editor of the Congrega/ionalist ; Rev.
William H. Cobb, Uxbridge ; Rev. Isaiah C. Thatcher,
Lakeville; Rev. Thomas T. Richmond, Taunton;
Hon. William T. Soule, mayor of New Bedford ;
Rev. Frederick Upham, D.D., Fairhaven ; Hon. Bo-
num Nye, North Brookfield ; Matthew H. Cushing,
Esq., Middleboro' ; George M. Barnard, Esq., Matta-
poisett; William H. Sherman, Esq., New Bedford;
Noah C. Perkins, Esq., Middleboro'.

The officers of the day were as follows : Gerard C.
Tobey, Esq., of Wareham, president ; Wilson Barstow,
Esq., of Mattapoisett, vice-president ; George Pur-
rington, Jr., of Mattapoisett, chief marshal ; Rev.
Henry C. Vose, of Marion, toast-master; Rev. Wil-
liam Leonard, of North Rochester, chaplain.

The chief marshal selected for his aids Joseph L.
Cole and Henry A. Shurtleff, of Mattapoisett ; Wil-



liam H. C. Delano and Dr. Robert T. Delano, of
Marion.

The Standish Guards, of Plymouth, Company II,
First Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., Herbert Moris-
sey, captain, tendered their services as escort on the
occasion, and were accepted.

The Middleboro' Brass Band, twenty-two men, J.
M. Carter, leader, discoursed delicious music.

A selected choir of fifty voices, in charge of George
MasonDelano, of Marion, sang at intervals appropriate
airs, that added much to the interest of the occasion.

The historical oration was delivered by Rev. Noble
Warren Everett, of Wareham, a grandson of one of the
early ministers of the old Rochester plantation.

At the conclusion of the oration an intermission
was taken for dinner, which consisted of roast clains,
baked fish, corn, potatoes, lobsters, tripe, bread, tea,
coffee, etc. One hundred bushels of clams consti-
tuted the main portion of the bake.

After diuner, the vast multitudes gathered about
the stand again, when responses to toasts were made
by most of the eminent men present.

But few historic celebrations within the limits of
the Old Colony have drawn together such an immense
assembly, aQd at none has there been more of the
feast of reason and the flow of soul.



HISTORY OF ROCHESTER



CHAPTER I.

EARLY HISTORY, ETC.*

Derivation of Name — The Sippiean Grant — First Settlements —
First Proprietors' Meeting — Names of Proprietors — Indian
Claims — Names of First Settlers — Incorporation of Town —
Occupation of Inhabitants — Manufactures— The French War
— Revolutionary War — Votes of the Town — Names of Sol-
diers — Timothy Rugglcs, Tlio Tory Champion — Lieut. -Col.
Ebenezcr White— Elnathan Haskoll — War of the Rebellion —
Rochester's First Representative — Petition for Annexation to
Plymouth County.

The town of Rochester received its name from the
ancient city of Rochester, in Kent, England, whence
many of the first settlers came. It is recorded in
history that the oysters found on those shores were
celebrated by the Romans for their excellence, and
the pioneers, finding an abundance of delicious shell-
fish here, in memory of their former home, very ap-
propriately gave to this tract the name of Rochester.

First Settlement. — How the white men first be-
came possessed of the Sippiean or Rochester territory,
whether by purchase or conquest, we are unable to
determine, and no gleaner who has preceded us has
been able satisfactorily to answer this question. A
large part of it, but not the whole, as stated by some,
was granted to Thomas Besbeck and others, Jan. 22,
1G38-3!). In 1647, " Liberty is granted unto the
townsmen of Plymouth to make use of the land at
Sippiean for herding and keeping of cattle and
wintering of them there as they shall see cause."

In 1651,—

" For the continual support of the township of Plymouth
for the place and seat of government, to prevent the dispersing
of the inhabitants thereof, it is ordered that Sippiean bo
granted to the town of Plymouth to he a general help to the
inhabitants thereof, for the keeping of their cattle, and to
remain for the eomiuon use and good of tho said township."

In 1GGG, King Philip, sachem of Pokanoket,
youngest son of Massasoit, gave power "to Watuoh-

1 Compiled from the very able historical address delivered
by Rev. N. W. Everett, at Rochester, July 22, 1S79.



poo and Sampson, two Indian chiefs, and their breth-
ren, to hold and make sale of these lands to whom
they pleased."

And on the 24th of December, 16G8, Philip in-
formed the honorable court at Plymouth that they
were for sale.

In Plymouth court orders dated June 3, 1G79, we
find the following :

" In answer unto the proposition of several that would pur-
chase lands at Sippiean and places adjacent, the Court are glad
to take notice of what they propound and oiler themselves to
oblige in order to a oomfortable settlement of a Plantation
there, and shall be ready to accommodate them as fur as they
can, on reasonable and easy terms, and give them all due en-
couragement, if they can procure some more substantial men
that are prudent persons and of considerable estate that will
make a speedy settlement of themselves and families with
them, and we desire and expect to hear further from them at
the next meeting of this Court by adjournment in July next, at
which time, we may, if satisfied in the premises, bargain with
them for the lands they desire, or put it in a way to be done."

It seems that " some more substantial men, who
were prudent persons," were procured, for on the 22d
of July, 1G79, the purchase was made and the deed
was given. On the same day the purchasers met,
organized, and transacted considerable business, at
the house of Mr. Joseph Bradford, iu Plymouth.



Joseph Lothrop.
Barnabas Lotbrop.
Kanelm Winalow.
William Clark.
William Bradford.
Ralph Powell.
Joseph Bartlett.
John Burge.
Joseph Burge.
Georgo Morton.
William Dexter.

Samuel BriggS.

Soth Pope.
Samuel White.



Aaron Barlow.
Moses Barlow.
John Perry.
Samuel Hammond.
Samuel Davis.
Benjamin Foster.
Benjamin Bartlett.
Elizabeth Ellis.
Joseph Duuham.
Thomas Hinckley.
Thomas Clarke.
John Cotton.
John Bradford.
William Peabody.



Joseph Dotey.

The names of Samuel Arnold, William Counett,
i and the Ministry share were added to the list subse-
quent to 1G79.

329



330



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



The territory they purchased embraced the whole
of Rochester, Mattapoisett, Marion, and a much
larger part of Wareham than has generally been
supposed. The deed shows that the easterly line was
the westerly jumping brook, now known as the Sil-
vauus Besse Brook, the Agawam and Waukinco
Rivers. But they must have soon purchased additiuual
land, for hundreds of acres were assigned to Thomas
Clark and others on the cast side of the Wankiuuo
River.

Soon after the purchase was made, an Indian
named Charles, alias Paumpmutt of Ashimuitt,
claimed a portion of the purchased possessions, but
ou the payment of six pounds, New England moucy,
renounced all title.

Nov. 19, 1769, Lieut. Joseph Lothrop, agent of
the compauy, paid Peter Suscacow five shillings to
satisfy his claim.

In 1683, William CoDnett, an Indian, claimed the
whole land they had purchased. He proved a bitter
and stubborn contestant, but finally entered into an
agreement with Thomas Hinckley and Joseph Lo-
throp that was satisfactory to both parties.

After this the whites remained in undisputed pos-
session.

It is probable the first settlers took up their resi-
dence here in 1680.

Their names, as given by Barber, are as follows :



Rev. Samuel Arnold.
John H.uiiinonil.
Samuel Uaujuiond.
Jacob Rumpus.
Abraham Holuios.
Johu Wing.
Juscph Burgess.



Job Winslow.
Moses Barlow.
Aaron Barlow.
John Haskell.
Samuel White.
Joseph Dotey.
Sprague.



Rochester was incorporated as a town June 4, 16S6.

Industrial Pursuits. — For a long period after the
first settlement the principal occupation of the inhab-
itants was agriculture. The products of the soil, to-
gether with game from the woods and fish from the
adjacent waters, gave them an ample subsistence.

During the war of the Revolution, when salt was
in great demand, the citizens embarked largely in
manufacturing this article by boiling sea-water.
About the year 1806, the making of salt by evapo-
ration was commenced and continued some forty
years.

In former years ship-building has been carried on
to a considerable extent.

The first cotton- factory here was built in 1812.
This and the fulling-mill occupied the present site of
Parker mills.

In 1S16, Curtis Tobey, Esq., erected a cotton-fac-



tory on the Weweantit River, and in 1823, Benjamin
Lincoln built another on the same stream.

In 1824, Pardon Taber built a paper-mill on the
Wuweautit; and another paper establishment was
erected near the Tremont Depot, by Wheelwright it
Co., about the year 1864.

In 1825 the manufacture of hollow-ware gave
employment to hundreds of citizens, and the business
was carried ou to a greater or less extent for many
years prior and subsequent to that date.

French War. — In the French war of 1757-5S
nine citizens of Wareham — Johu Bates, Barnabas
Bates, Jabez Besse, Henry Saunders, Oliver Norris,
Joshua Besse, Ebenezer Chubbuck, Joseph Norris,
and Samuel Besse — went to Cape Breton and assisted
in taking that place, some in the land forces aud some
in the navy, and Samuel Besse lost his life in the ex-
pedition. About the same time, Nathaniel Besse,
Gershom Morse, Newbury Morse, Elnathan Sampson,
and Nathaniel Chubbuck went into the Northern
army and were employed in taking Canada.

Also there were three Indians who resided in this
town, named Jo Joseph, Sol Joseph, aud Jabez
Wickett, who went and fought against the hostile
Indians on the Canadian froutier. The Nathaniel
Chubbuck already mentioned was in the Euglish
army at the time it was defeated near the city of
Carthageua, in South America, in 17-11, and also at
the taking of Havana, in Cuba, in 1763.

Revolutionary War. — The town of Rochester
took action in reference to the approaching struggle
at an early day.

On Dec. 28, 1772, after reading the letter of cor-
respondence from Boston, chose Deacon Seth Dexter,
Samuel Briggs, Jr., Ebenezer White, Nathaniel Ham-
moud, David Wing, Noah Sprague, and Thomas
West to cousider the matter and report at the ad-
journed meeting.

Jan. 11, 1773, they reported the following resolves,
which were adopted by the town :

" Resolved, That we are entitled to all the Rights of natural
born subjects of Great Britain, and have nut forfeited said
Rights.

"That the acts of Parliament raising a revenue in America,
with the extended powers of the Board of Commissioners and
Court of Admiralty, and the stationing a part of the navy and
troops here are in varianco of our Rights established by Char-
ter.

"That the Governor's sulary being made indepeudcut of the
General Court is a dangerous measure.

" That the establishment of the Judges of the Supreme Court
is a most alarming innovation, and if these proceedings aro
submitted to, our General Court may soon be considered a riot-
ous body.

"That we have a right to petition for a redress of these
grievances, and if such petition is treated with neglect or con-



HISTORY OF ROCHESTER.



331



tempt, it is a yoke which our fathers, or wo, are not able to bear.
And wo Jo instruct our Representative iu the General Court
not to act inconsistent with these resolutions, as that will be
very displeasing to his constituents.

"And that he in conjunction with the House of Representa-
tives pursue every legal measure for our political salvation.

"That we pay our grateful acknowledgments to the towu of
Boston for circulating through the Province a plau which we
hope will be productive of happy effects."

The town further voted, that if our representative
or any other person in this town either has or shall
basely desert the cause of liberty, for the sake of being
promoted to a post of honor or profit, or for any other
mean view to self-interest, shall be looked upon as an
enemy to his couutry and be treated with that neglect
and contempt that he justly deserves.

June 30, 1774, voted to sign a covenant to break
off trade with Great Britain until the Boston Port
Bill is repealed and we restored to our constitutional
rights.

Sept. 29, 1774, instructed our representative not
to act in conformity with the act of Parliament alter-
ing the charter, etc., and to adhere to the provisions
of the charter of William and Mary, and if dissolved
to form into a Provincial Congress.

Chose Charles Nye to examine the town stock.
Voted to purchase forty fire-arms, and to purchase
powder so that the stock be four hundred pounds, and
lead iu proportion.

Chose a committee to call the companies together
for the choice of officers.

June 7, 1775, accepted of the association recom-
meuded by Congress, and chose Nathaniel Hammond,
John Doty, and David Wing a committee to see it
carried into effect.

Voted that every minute-man (amounting to one
hundred) that shall attend three half days in each
week, as shall be appointed by their captain, and
twice a month in a body to the 1st of April, and
shall be ready to march if needed, and equip them-
selves, shall have one shilling a week.

March, 1775, chose Nathaniel Briggs, Joseph
Parker, and David Wing to see that the minute-men
equip themselves.

Rochester company of minute-men that responded
to the first call, April 19, 1775 :

CiHtimtHaiuued Officer**
Edward Hammond, cap- Josiah Briggs, lieutenant,

tain. Timothy Ruggles, ensign.

Xou-Cuimuiiitiuiitid Otfirer*.
Sergeant*,
William Nye. Stafford Hammond.

Jonathan King. Sylvester Bates.

Corporal*,
Church Mendall. David Snow.

William Crapo.



Private*,

Ichabod Nye. Nathan Perry.

William Randall. Isaac Washburn.

Nathan Savery. Japhet Washburn.

Bassett. Caleb Combs.

Richard Warren. Joseph Hammond.

Nathaniel Ryder. Benjamin Haskins.

George Hammond. John Briggs.

Joseph Clark. Elijah Bates.

Shubael Hammond. David Bates.

Rufus Bassett. Daniel Mendall.

Jonathan Clark. Samuel Snow.

Lemuel Caswell. Nathan Sears.

Nathan Nye. Nathaniel King.

Seth Mendall. Weston Clarke.

Moses Bates. Robert Ride'r.

Consider King. Silas Bassett.

Hathaway Randall. Ebenezer Foster.

Seth Hathaway. George Clarke.

Elijah Caswell, Jr. William Hopper.

Rochester second foot company of militia that re-
sponded to the " Lexington alarm," April 19, 1775 :

Nathaniel Hammond, capt. John Briggs, sergt.
Nathaniol Briggs, lieut.



Increase Clapp.
Samuel Jenness.

John .

Charles Sturtevant.

Sturdevant.

Hammond.

Joel Ellis.
Nathaniel Sears.
Joseph Haskell (2d).
Benjamin Dexter.
Dnnicl Hammond.



Lemuel LeBaron, sergt.

Corporal*,

Briggs.



Samuel Sampson.
Ichabod Clapp.
Joshua Allen.
John Allen, Jr.
John Clarke.
Hosea Boles.
John Keen.
Joseph Wing.
Ebenezer Hammond.
Elisha Briggs.



(Privates, see roll at the State-House.)

July 3, 1775, voted to hire one hundred pounds to
buy war stores.

Voted that those who have good guns, but no
ammunition, repair to the keepers of the town stores
and draw half a pound of powder aud balls answer-
able, they paying for the same or leaving their
names.

Aug. 7, 1775, sundry persons subscribed two hun-
dred aud sixteen and three-quarters yards of thick
cloth for the army.

May 23, 1776, voted that when Cougress shall
declare independence " we will defend them with lives
and fortunes."

Nov. 27, 1777, made choice of Seth Dexter, E.
Hammond, and E. Haskell a committee to supply
soldiers' families.

Oct. 9, 1778, chose a committee of three to sup-
ply the families of soldiers who are now in the Conti-
nental army.

The patriotism of this town was intense, and it is
a historical fact that Rochester furnished more mcu



332



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTY.



iD proportion to territory or inhabitants than any
other town in the Old Colony. But there was one
notable exception. The Tories of New England
found their great champion in the person of Timothy
Buggies. He was the son of Rev. Timothy Rug-
bies, and was born in this town in 1711, and gradu-
ated at Harvard University in 1732. He represented
the town in the Legislature in 1730'. In the old
French war in 1755, with the rank of brigadier-
general, he led a body of troops to join Sir William
Johnson. He distinguished himself in the action
with Baron Die.^kau, for which he was rewarded by
the gift of a lucrative place.

In 1757 he was appointed associate justice of the
Common Pleas, and subbequently placed at the head
of the bench of that court.

To the Congress of nine colonies at New York, in
1765, he, Otis, and Partridge were the delegates from
Massachusetts. Ruggles was made presideut of that
body. II is conduct gave great dissatisfaction to the
Whigs of Massachusetts, and in addition to a vote of
censure of the House of Representatives, he was
reprimanded in his place from the Speaker's chair.

He became, as the Revolutionary quarrel advanced,
one of the most violent supporters of the ministry,
and he and Otis, as the leaders of the two opposing
parties, were in constant collision in the discussions of
the popular branch of the government.

In 1774 he was named a maudamus councilor,
which increased his unpopularity to so great a degree
that his house was attacked at night and his cattle
were maimed and poisoned. He died at Dighy, Nova
Scotia, in 1798, aged eighty -seven years.

Sabine, the historian, says of him, " General Rug-
gles was a good scholar, and possessed powers of mind
of a very high order. He was a wit and a misan-
thrope, and a man of rude manners and rude speech.
Many anecdotes continue to be related of him which
show his shrewdness, his sagacity, his military hardi-
hood and bravery. As a lawyer, he was an impres-
sive pleader, and in parliamentary debate able and
ingenious. That a person thus constituted should
make enemies, other than those which men iu promi-
nent public stations usually acquire, is not strange,
and he had a full share of personal foes. In Mrs.
Warren's dramatic piece of ' The Group,' he figures
in the character of Brigadier Hate-all."

Licut.-Col. Ebenezer White, of this town, performed
good service for the cause of his country in the " days
that tried men's souls." He was commissioned as
lieutenant-colonel of the Fourth Regiment Plymouth
County Militia in the first year of the Revolutionary
war, and while participating in one of the engage-



ments that took place in Rhode Island had a part of
the hilt of his sword shot otf. In the cemetery at
Rochester Centre, on that part called " Rochester
Town," stands an old brown stone, bearing the follow-
ing inscription: " Memento Mori, Sacred to the mem-
ory of Colonel Ebenezer White, who died March,
1804, aged eighty. He was 10 times chosen to rep-
resent the town of Rochester in the General Court ;
in 14 of which electious he was unanimously choscu.
As a tribute of respect for his faithful services, the
town erected this monument to his memory."

Elnathan Haskell, of Rochester, was major of ar-
tillery in the Continental army. His likeness appears
in one of the historical paintings that adorn the dome
of the capitol at Washington.

"Ensign Ebenezer Foster was killed at the taking
of Burgoyne, Sept. 10, 1777, in the 21st year of his
age."

In the town records the following unique biography
may be seen : " Ichabod Burgess departed this life iu
1834. He was a soldier of the Revolution, and
during the whole war he uobly dared to meet iu awful
fight the enemies of his country. He fought and
bled and conquered ; and now has conquered his last



Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) → online text (page 75 of 118)