D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) online

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12(A Regiment Inf., Main. Vol*.
Co. B, Nathan A. Rogers; Co. II, John F. Cunningham.

15ti Regiment Inf., Mum. Vol*.
Co. F, Owen Clapp, sergt.

ISt/t Regiment Inf., Mam. Vol*.
Co. G, William R. Damon.

2ilh Regiment Inf., Mat*. Vols.
Co. F, Nicholas Wherity.

26</i Regiment Inf., Mot*. Vol:
Co. E, Richard Walsh.

28l/i Regiment Inf., Mam. Vol*.
Co. A, Elias H. Richardson ; Co. E, Michael Buckley, Francis
E. Burton, George W. Rowe.

32(2 Regiment Inf., Ma**. Vol*.
Charles N. Gardner, 2d lieut.; Co. A, Albert L. Pierce, Corp.;
Co. E, Luke G. Fitts, John Tirrell (killed at Petersburg,
Va.) ; Co. F, Edward L. Hyland (corp.), Elislia Brown,
Joseph Brown, Edward L. Hyland, George B. Litchfield,
William Litchfield.

35(A Regiment Inf., Ma**. Vol*.
Co. A, James T. Andrews, Reuben L. H. Andrews, William B.
D. Androws (killed at Petersburg, Va.), William Dunbar.

3Sth Regiment Inf., Mum. Vol*.
Co. D, Billings Merritt (sergt.), John Studley (corp.), Henry
Brown, Andorw M. Hyland; Co. G, Hubert G. Bates (1st
sergt.), Henry 0. Cole (sergt.), George W. Merritt (sergt.),
Charles Young (sergt.), George W. Lee (corp.), Sumner 0.
Litchfield (corp.), Elias 0. Nichols (corp.), D. Otis Tot-
man (corp.), Seth K. Bailey, Charles E. Bates, James
Borry, John Borry, James L. Brown, Samuel W. Cook,
Caleb M. Jenkins, Warren S. Litcblield, Benjamin E.
Stetson, Charles A. Taylor, David C. Withcrcll, John_W.



'Mth Regiment Inf., Mum. VuU.
Co. C, Benjamin P. Merritt, Lemuel Webb; Co. G, Lorcuzo
Bates, Charles E. Hates, Andrew J. Dainon, Henry W.
Leavitt, George W. Wbito.

5-lfA Regiment Inf., Mas*. Vula.

Co. G, Jason Prince.

u&th Regiment Inf., Maee. VuU.

Co. I, Matthew Blair, Rufos W. Porter; Co. K, George

5S<A Regiment Inf., Maee. Vol:

Co. II, Thomas C. Brown ; Co. I, George W. Perry (sergt.),
Benjamin Brown, Jr.

59rA Regiment Inf., Mam. Vol*.
Co. E, Riley Danforth, Martin Dumphrey (killed in action).

G2t( Regiment Inf., Muea. Vole.
Co. A, Oliver F. Hayes (corp.), Edward E. Brown.

\et Iowa Cavalry.
Thomas S. James.

The reference made to the patriotism exhibited by
the people of Seituate iu the war for the suppression
of the Rebellion against the life of the nation applies
equally well to South Seituate. There is not space in
the limits necessarily assigned to this compilation to
do even approximate justice to their devotion to their
country. Their names, as they appear ou the adju-
tant-general's rolls, are, however, entitled to a perma-
nent record here, and, as those rolls show, the soldiers
from South Seituate serving iu the war of 1861 were
as follows :

2ii Regiment Inf., Hate. Vole.
William A. Howard.

11//* Regiment Inf., Maaa. VuU.
Co. F, Daniel Caflrey, Michael Dunn.

1G/A Regiment Inf., Maes. VuU.
Co. B, Thomas Martin.

1S<A Regiment Inf., Maaa. Vole.
James N. Sparrell, 1st lieut. ; Co. E, Henry Poole; Co. G, Jo-
soph B. Bowker, John D. Damon (corp.), George F. Stet-
son (corp.), Goorgo (J. Tony (corp), Henry A. Torry (corp.),
Joseph B. Bowker, George II. Clapp, Stephen Clupp, Wil-
liam R. Damon, Charles H. Damon, Edward Dover, Henry
A. Farrar, Charles N. Gardner, Henry H. Gardner, John
D. Gardner, Sidney Gardner, Joseph B. Goodrich, Henry
W. Harlow, Joseph Harvey, George B. Uayden, Samuel A.
Henderson, Georgo W . Jackman, Samuel Kceuc, EILha
W. Laphaui, John Lewis, Orlando C. Prouty, Edward
Southworth, Abner L. Stetson, George F. Stetson, Charles
L. Stoddard, Joseph E. Stoddard, William T. Sylvester,
Charles Tolman, Edward P. Tolman, James W. Warner,
Nathaniel W. Winslow.

VJth Regiment Inf., Mane. VoU.

Co. B, Octave Paris ; Co. C, Bernard Conway, Curistophor

20th Regiment Inf., Muse. VuU.
Co. A, John D. Grose, corp.

26th Regiment Inf., Maae. VuU.
Co. D, Dennis Cronan.

2S(A Regiment Inf., Maae. Vola.
Co. B, James Byrnes; Co. C, James Donovan, Charles Farrell,
Patrick Monohan, Pavala Mikalieal (unassigned recruit).

Z2d Regiment Inf., Mnaa. Vula.
Co. A, David Bassford, Charles U. Clapp (killed at Laurel Hill,
Va.), ElishaF. Coleman.

3o(A Regiment Inf., Mute. Vol:
Co. B, Charles II. Hawley.

39M Regiment Inf., Mate. VuU.
John II. Prouty, 2d lieut.; Co. G, John II. Pennimau (sergt.),
John H. Prouty (sergt.), Alphcus Thomas (sergt.), Charles
C. Young (corp.), Timothy B. Chapman, Caleb W. Clapp,
John Corthell, Daniel R. Elwell, Benjamin W. French,
Franklin K. Hanson, Benjamin W. Prouty, Isaac Prouty,
William Prouty, Jr., Calvin F. Sbcrmun, Thomas Simiuous,
William 0. Thomas.

uUh Regiment Inf., Mute. Vol:

Co. G, Benjamin F. Lee; Co. II, Warren F. Freeman, William

H. Freeman, Houry T. Winslow, Richard S. Winslow.

58<A Regiment Inf., Ma**. Vol:
Co. C, Napoleon B. Powell; Co. F, Clifton II. Vosc, 1st sergt. ;
Co. I, Lemuel Freeman, sergt., Addison F. Nichols, corp.
(killed at Petersburg, Va.), Dennis Crouan.

olet Regiment Inf., Maaa. Vuia.
Co. G, John Stokes.

Municipal and Government Affairs. — From the
signing of the compact in the " Mayflower" to 1039
the laws of the colony were made and executed by
the Governor and his assistants. These were elected
by the freemen in annual assemblage at Plymouth in
March. It must have been a burdensome journey to
the place of election at that season of the year for the
Seituate men who had taken the oath of freemen.
These assistants appear to be occasionally called the
" Council." From Seituate, William Gibson was as-
sistant from 1G32 to 163-1; Timothy Hatherly from
1635 to 1655. Oct. 5, 1036, the court ordered that
four for Plymouth, two for Seituate, and two for Dux-
bury should, " as a committee for the whole, be added
to the Gov. and assistants" to revise the laws. The
" two for Seituate" were James Cudwoiih and Anthony
Annable. In one very important law enacted when
this body met Nov. 15, 1630, the hand of these
" men of Kent" is evident. The law of entail pre-
vailed in England, by which real estate descended to
the oldest son, to the exclusion from the inheritance
of the younger children. But in the county of Kent
there prevailed a local law called the custom of
Greenwich, by virtue of which lands descended to
and were divided among all the children. These
Seituate men who came from that county iu England
knew of this law and its just and beueficial efl'ect.



Is it too much to assume that their influence upon
this court procured the enactment of the following
law, which in its ultimate reach and influence has be-
come the law of the whole nation, and divides real
estate equally aiuoug the ancestor's heirs ? The euact-
ment is very brief, but had immense germinaut in-
fluence :

" Land after Greenwich hold. The inheritance to descend
according to the commendable custom of Engl, and hold of Est.

William Gilson and Edward Foster were appointed
the extra assistants the next year, 1677; Timothy
Hatherly and James Cudworth assistants from 1655
to 1658. From that time to 1674 — sixteen years —
these gentlemen were excluded from being assistants
because of their opposition to the persecution of the
Quakers, and Scituate was not represented on the
board of assistants. From 1674 to 1680, James Cud-
worth was again an assistant.

During the Andros usurpation there were no as-
sistants from Scituate, but from 1689 to 1691, John
Cushing was assistant.

In 1639 it was provided by law that each town
choose two deputies to the Colony Court, and Plym-
outh choose four. Without giving their terms of
office, the following appear to be the names of the
deputies from Scituate, in about the order of time in
which they first entered upon office: Anthony An-
nable, Edward Foster, Humphrey Turner, Richard
Scalis, John Williams, Thomas Chambers, Edmund
Edenden, George Kenrick, John Lewis, James Cud-
worth, Thomas Clapp, Robert Stetson, Edward Jen-
kins, John Bryant, Isaac Chittenden, James Torrey,
Isaac Buck, Thomas King, John Gushing, John
Damon, Jeremiah Hatch, Samuel Clap, Joseph Syl-
vester, and Benjamin Stetsou, who was deputy in
1691 when the colonies were uuited. The assistants
and deputies transacted their business as one body,
though really constituting two as much as Senate and

After the union of the colonies the following from
Scituate were elected members of the Governor's
Council, Seuate, and House of Representatives in the
order of their first election :

John Cushing. Edward F. Jacobs.

Nathan dishing.


Charles Turner. Caleb W. Prouty.

Nathan dishing. Elijah Jenkins.

Gushing Otis. Horatio N. Gardner.

Samuel A. Turner. E. T. Fogg, of South Scit-
Jolm B. Turner. uate.

William James.


John Cushing. William Peakes.

Samuel Clapp. John C. Turner.

Ronjamin Stetson. Samuel Deane.

Nathaniel Clapp. Samuel Tolman, Jr.

Samuel Clupp. Ebenezer F. Fogg.

John Cushing, Jr. John Collaiuorc.

Samuel Clapp. Peleg Jenkins.

John Barker. Cushing Otis.

Joseph Otis. Abiel Cudworth.

Thomas Turner. Samuel Waterman.

Stephen Clapp. Thomas T. Bailey.

James Cushiug. Moses P. Rich.

Thomas Bryant. Samuel A. Turner.

Amos Turner. John Beal.

Nicholas Littlefield. William James.

Thomas Clapp. Ebenezer Stetson.

Caleb Torrey. Paul Litchfield.

Ensign Otis. Thomas Vinal.

Joseph Cushing. Elijah Jenkins, Jr.

Gideon Vinal. Charles Curtis.

Nathan Cushing. William Cook.

Barnabas Little. Erastus A. Young.

William Turner. Thomas Conant.

Israel Litchfield. George M. Allen.

William Turner. George C. Lee.

Charles Turner. Abel Sylvester.

Daniel Damon. Billings P. Merritt.

Israel Vinal. John Manson.

Enoch Collamore. Andrew J. Waterman.

Daniel Litchfield. Moses R. Coluian.

Joseph Tolman. James L. Menitt.

Ilayward Peirce. George \V. Merritt.

Elijah Turner. Amos W. Merritt.

Edward F. Jacob. Thomas F. Bailey.

Jesse Dunbar. Charles E. Brown.
Micah Stetson.

Since the incorporation of the town of South
Scituate, Feb. 14, 1849, she has sent the following
representatives to the General Court, viz. :

James Southworth. Samuel Tulinaii, Jr.

Samuel C. Cudworth. Edward Stowell.

A. Everett Stetson. Thomas B. Waterman.

Henry J. Curtis. George 11. Torrey.

Horatio N. Gardner. Joseph T. Hartt.

Lemuel C. Waterman. William C. Litchlield.

Isaac Tutiuun, Jr. Alpheus Tbouius.
Seth H. Vinal.

A mere mention of the names of persons who have
served these towns in legislative halls is all the space
allotted will allow, without any review of the char-
acter and value of the services there rendered by them.
That the town was always well, honestly, and credit-
ably represented may be noted in passing.

The character of the earliest municipal manage-
ment, and who were the first town officers, is involved
in some obscurity. It has been inferred and stated
that the earliest records are lost, but this is hardly
probable. Some records are in a fine state of preser-
vation as far back as the incorporation of the town,
or near that time, and nothing is to be inferred from



the fact that no records are extant of town-uieetiugs
previous to 1665. The population was small, the
public wants not large, and there was not much to
call the freeuieu together except the electiou of depu-
ties to the court at Plymouth. It was in 1C45 that
the office of town clerk was created by this enact-
ment : " It is enacted by the Court that there shall
be in every town within this Government a Clerk or
some one appoyuted and ordained to keep a Register
of the day and yeare of the marriage, byrth, and
buriall of every man, weoman, and child within their
Township." This seemed to define and limit his
duties, and he was not required and would not be
likely to make any record of tuwn-uieetings. It does
not appear that the duties of town clerk were enlarged
or further defined until 1658, when the form of oath
for chat officer was prescribed by law, and assumes
that certain other duties were to be performed by
him, some of which, perhaps, had been previously

" The oath to bee administered to a Town Clarke is as fol-
lowetli :

" Vuu shall faithfully serve in the office of a town Clarke in

the town of for this present yeare, and soe long as by

mutual eousent the towue and you shall agree ; duriug which
time you shall carefully and faithfully keep all such Records as
you shall be intrusted withal, and shall record all town actcs
and orders and shall enter all towne grants and conveyances.
You shall record all birthes, marriages, and burialls that shall
be brought unto you within your towno, and shall publish all
contracts of marriages you shall be required to do according to
order of Court bearing date the twentieth duy of October, 1(546.
Soe healp you God, whoe is thu God of truth and punisher of

It may be therefore that previous to 1658 no duty
of recording elections of town officers had been im-
posed on the town clerk, and very likely for a few
years later it may not have been considered within the
requirements of his office to record the necessarily
meagre proceedings to those early town-meetings.
Sis years later the record of these proceedings in elec-
tion of officers begins. At the first the constable was
evidently the principal man in the town, and some of
the ablest and best-educated men held the office.

Anthony Aunable, Humphrey Turner, and James
Cudworth were successively constables until 1640.
The office of constable was an important one. He
was to act as surveyor of highways (until 1640), to
collect the taxes, warn towu-meetiugs, " looke after
such as sleep or play about the meeting-house in times
of the public worship of God on the Lord's day," to
appoint a deputy to serve in his place whenever abseut
from town (it being deemed of the utmost importance
that no town should even for one day be without the
presence of an actiug constable), to have a stall' of

office, to apprehend Quakers, etc. In 165S provision
was made for the choice of overseers of the poor and
a sealer of measures. These were apparently the next
town officers created by law. By whom the atfairs of
the town had been previously managed is uncertain.
As all political power was in the hands of the freemen,
j and as down to the year 1660 there was probably not
; more than twenty or thirty at any one time resident
in the towu who had taken the oath of freemen, they
could transact their limited busiuess with almost the
ease and informality of a copartnership. It was not
until 1662, apparently, that any legal provision was
made for the electiou of selectmen. Tbeu the follow-
ing law was passed, and is here given in full, in the
belief that it may be interesting to some persons to
see what the powers and duties of these officers were
originally :

" It is enacted by the Court, That in every town of this Ju-
risdiction there be three or five Celectmcu chosen by the Towns-
men out of the freoinen, such as shall bee approved by the
Court, for the better managing of the affairs of tho respective
tuwnshipes; and that the Celcctmen in every towne, or tho
major pte of them, are hereby empowered to heare aud deter-
mine all debtes and differences arising between pson and p.son
within their respective townshipes not exceeding forty shil-
lings; as also they arc hereby empowered to hcarc and deter-
mine all differences betwixt any Indians and the English of
their respective townshipes about damage done in corne by thu
cowes, swine, or any other beastes belonging to the Inhabitants
of the said respective townshipes; aud the determination of the
aforesaid differences not being satisfied as was agreed, the pty
wronged to repair to some Magistrate for a warrant to receivo
such award by distraint. It is further enacted by the Court,
That the said Celectmen in every townshipc, approved by tho
Court or any of tbeui, shall have power to give forth suuions in
his Majesty's name to require any psons complained of to attend
the bearing of the case and to sumon witnesses to give testimony
on that account, and to determine of tho Ooutroversycs accord-
ing to legal ovidenco; and that the psous couiplaiuing shall
serve the summons themselves upon the psons complained
against, and in caso of theire non-appearance to proceed as
notwithstanding in the hcuring and determination of such con-
troversy as comes before them, and to have twelvcpeuee apiece
for every award they agree upon."

They were made a court of inferior jurisdiction,
aud the compensation fixed for their services was cer-
tainly not excessive. This was in 1662. How soon
afterwards Scituate elected selectmen is unknown,
but probably in 1663 and 1664. But, if so, who
they were is unknown. In 1665 the record of the
election of selectmen begins, and it appears in that
year, July 12th, Isaac Buck was elected town clerk,
and that, Nov. 23, 1665, "The town did agree to
choose selectmen ; the men chosen are Cornet Robert
Stetson, Thomas King, Isaac Chittenden." The
phraseology of this vote suggests a doubt whether
this was not the first choice of selectmen made in
Scituate, and that very likely the towu the two pre-



vious years refused to adopt the innovation. Robert
StetsoQ and Isaac Chittenden appear to have held
the office many years, the former serving till 1674
and later. Some of the early town clerks were
Richard Garrett (the first one), James Torrey, Isaac
Buck, James Cushing, John Cushing, Thomas Clap,
James Briggs, Charles Turner, Augustus Clap, Eben-
ezer Bailey.

Ecclesiastical. — The early history of Scituate, like
that of many of the early settlements in New Eng-
land, is largely associated with religious enterprise
and controversy. It was the religious idea that
prompted to the planting of the old Plymouth Col-
ony. Considering the hard conditions of their enter-
prise and the strenuous struggle for very existence,
it would seem as if harmony would have been a ne-
cessity aud a compelled condition of their religious
life. This was far from being the case.

Their first religious teacher appears to have been a
Mr. Saxton. There seems to be every reason for ac-
cepting Mr. Deanc's theory that this was Mr. Giles
Saxton, referred to by Mr. Mather as a " Yorkshire
man," and a learned Hebrew scholar. If it was Mr.
Giles Saxton, as he wa3 a freeman in Massachusetts
Colony in 1G31, his ministrations at Scituate must
have occurred between 1031 aud 1G34, probably in
1633. There is reason to believe that he was a de-
vout and fearless Christian, and a faithful preacher of
the Word, but disliked Christian strife, for Mather
says, " Some uuhappy contention in the plantation
where he lived put him upon removing from Scituate,
first to Boston, and so unto England in his reduced
age." Such is all the record we have of the preach-
ing aud departure of the first minister in Scituate.
What the " contention" was can be only matter of
conjecture. It was probably some trifling matter.
Religious people have a fatal facility for growing
great quarrels from small provocation. They take
the parable of the mustard-seed to typify their work.
No church was orgauized until after the arrival of
Rev. John Lothrop. This eminently good man had
been a clergyman of the Church of England, settled
iu Egertou, in the county of Kent, in Englaud, and
it is not uulikely that he came to Scituate because the
" men of Kent, 7 ' who settled first in that plantation,
were among his old frieuds and neighbors and, per-
haps, parishioners. Having renounced his orders in
the Established Church, he removed to Loudon in
1623, and for several years preached privately to a
Congregational Church in Southwark, in London.
Discovered in 1632, he was arrested, with forty-two
of his people, and imprisoned. He remained in
prison about two years, his wife dying during that

time. Upon his release he sailed for Boston, with
about thirty of his people, and came thence to Scitu-
ate, where they arrived in January, 1634. At the
same time Anthony Annable and several others were
dismissed from the church at Plymouth, " iu case
they join in a body at Scituate." On Jan. 8, 1634,
the church was organized, and Mr. Lothrop became
its pastor. Mr. Lothrop, in describing this event,
says that Jan. 8, 1634, they observed a day of hu-
miliation, fasting, and prayer, and " Joined in cove-
nant together, so many of us as had been iu covenant
before, to wit :
" 2. Mr. Gibson and wife.

4. Goodman Annaball and his wife.

6. Goodman Rowly and his wife.

8. Goodman Cobb and his wife.

9. Goodman Turner.

10. Edward Foster.

11. Myself.

12. Goodman Foxwell.

13. Samuel House.

15. Mr. Hathcrly and wife, Jan. 11, 1634.

17. Mr. Cudworth and wife, Jan. 18, 1634.

18. Henry Bourn, Jan. 25, 1634."

This was the First Church as organized in Scitu-
ate in January, 1634, old style.

Their number was eighteen, and their names, more
fully written, were William Gilson, Frances Gilson,
Anthony Annable, Mrs. Annable, Henry Rowley,
Mrs. Rowley, Henry Cobb, Patience Cobb, Hum-
phrey Turner, Edward Foster, Johu Lothrop, Rich-
ard Foxwell, Samuel House, Timothy Hathcrly,
Mrs. Hathcrly, James Cudworth, Mary Cudworth,
Henry Bourn.

From all that can be learned of Mr. Lothrop he
was a learned man, educated at Oxford, of humble
piety, great zeal, " studious of peace," aud wholly
devoted to his work, — an excellent type of what a
Christian minister should be. It was a misfortune
of this church and settlement that the demon of
discord drove this godly man away. It does not
appear that any hostility to him existed, but contro-
versies of some kind, perhaps relating to the form
of baptism, and other dissensions among them so
agitated and divided his little flock that, " studious of
peace," he removed, with more than half his church,
to Barnstable in 1639—40. There is evidence that
others would have gone with him but for the ruiu io
would have wrought to their investments in Scituate.
Fortunate indeed it was for the interests of that place
that some of the strongest and wealthiest and must
influential settlers were thus detained. Anthony
Annable, one of the most valuable men in the town



and deputy from Scituate to the Colony Court, went
with them.

This departure greatly weakened the church and
town, but did not promote harmony, as had been
hoped by good Mr. Lothrop. Seven male church
members who remained he covenanted anew and or-
ganized into a church, as well as he could, on leaving
them. Yet the regularity and legality of this action
and organization was subsequently questioned and
denied by Mr. Chauncey, the man who had accepted
its call to be Mr. Lothrop's successor. Of the church
left behind in Scituate, a majority appear to have beeu
what would now be called Baptists. In 1641 they
succeeded in calling Mr. Charles Chauncey, who would
baptize only by immersion. He was distinguished for
his learning, a graduate of Trinity College in Cam-
bridge, England, by turns Professor of Hebrew and of
Greek in the same college, and afterwards a popular
preacher at Ware. While preachiug there he incurred
the displeasure of Archbishop Laud, and yielded to the
demand for a public recantation. This act of moral
cowardice seemed to trouble his conscience ever after-
wards, and was often referred to by him with sorrow.
Why his own weakness should not have taught him
toleration aud charity for others is surprising. But
he was too decided and pronounced in his religious
views to remain comfortably or even safely in England
at that time, and he came to Plymouth in 1637,
where he remained, assisting Mr. Rayner, until he
was called to Scituate. He was ardeut, arbitrary,
and passionate by nature, and had the materials of
which his church was composed been of a more
plastic character he would have moulded the entire
community to his will. But Mr. William Vassall, the
leader of the church minority, was not only a learned
ruan, but palpably the superior of Mr. Chauncey in
argument. Mr. Vassall and his associates, who had
beeu notified by Mr. Chauncey that they were uot
members of the church at all, retorted by claiming
that they were the original church, and his body were
seccders from them. Church membership was of
much consequence, because it involved among other
things the right to take part in the civil government.
Appeals aud arguments were presented by Mr. Chaun-
cey on the one side, and Mr. Vassall on the other, to
the ministers, elders, and churches of the Plymouth
Colony and the Massachusetts Colony. On the whole,

Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Plymouth County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men (Volume 2) → online text (page 94 of 118)