D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Worcester County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men. (Volume 1) online

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UNIVERSITY UBRARY

UNIVERSITY OF IVIASSACHUSETTS

AT

AMHERST



F

72

W9

H9
v.l



I



HISTOEY



OF



WORCESTER Gonn



MASSACHUSETTS,



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES



OF MANY OF ITS



Pioneers and Prominent Men.



COMPILED UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF



I>. HAMILTON HURD.



VOL. I.



I Xj LTJ S T K. J^T E ID .



PHILADELPHIA:

J. W. LEWIS & CO.

1889.



piiess OF

JA8. U. RODOEItS I'lUNTlNQ COMPANY,
PHII.ADKI.PHIA.



11 ^



V,



Copyright, 1889,
By J. W. LEWIS & CO.



All Rights Reserved.



PUBLISHERS' PREFACE.







In ])resenting the witliin History to the people of Worcester Comity '
INihlishers desire to state that when the preparation of the work had h
finally decided upon, an earnest effort was made to secure the leading literal
talent of this section of tlie Common weal tii to pi('[)are the uuinuscript. The
result was a gratitying success. Those most familiar with the historic litera-
ture of the County were engaged, whose names a[)pear at the head of their
respective chapters. These gentlemen approached the task with a spirit of
impartiality and witli a determinalion to prepare a work which shoivid
reflect credit alike upon the Country, its citizens and themselves, and the
Publishers feel tluit no eOort has been spared either by Publishers or
writers to faithfully i)reseut tlu' history of the territor\' eudjodied herein, from
its Indian oceu|)ancy to the present proud position it occupies among the
counties of the Commonwealth.

I'Hii.ADEl.l'HlA, Feliniaiv 20, 1880.



24



129



CONTENTS OF VOL. I,



GENERAL HISTORY.



CHAPTKR I.
Worcester County



CHAPTER II.
The Bench and Bar



TOWN HISTORIES.



chaptp;r I.



Lancaster .



Tfie Niisliaways and their Home — KinR's Purchase —
The Nashaway Plantere— The Town Grant— The Cove-
nant — Land Allotments — Death of Showanou.

CHAPTF.R II.

Lancaster — (Continued)

The First Minister— Arbitration — ("oinniissioners Ap-
pointed to Direct Town Affairs — Tlie First Highways —
Noyes' Snrvey — Disiiflection of the Indians — Monoco's
Raid — James Quanapang's Ficielity — Tlie Destruction of
Lancaster.

CHAPTER III.



»



Lancaster — (Continued)

The Resettlement — Fieiiili ami Indian Raids— The Gar-
risons — New IHeeting-IIonfie — The Aii<iitional Grant —
Early Scboulniastf rs — Lovt-well's War — Worcester
Comity Formed — Birth of lliirvani, Iltdtnii and Leo-
minster— Sieges of Carthiigona and Loni8lioiirK - Tlio
Coiiqnest of Canada.

CHAPTER IV.
Lancaster — (Continued)

The First Census — Organization for Revolution— Lex-
ington Alarm — Bunker Ilill and the Siege of Boston —
War Annals— Separation of Chocksett — Shays' Rebel-
lion — Bri<igo Lotteries.

CHAPTER V.
Lancaster — (Continued)

Hon. John Sprague — Cottim and Woolen-MiMs — The
Academy— War of 181-2— Tiio Wliitings- The Brick
Meeting-Huuse — Lafayette— The Piintiiig Enterprise—
Dr. Nathaniel Thayer— New Churches— Clinton Set Off
— Bi-CenteDuial — Schools — Libraries— Cenietertea.

CHAPTER VL
Lancaster — (Continued)

The Rebellion- The Town's History i'riiited— The
Town's Poor — Death of Nathaniel Thayer — General
Statistics. Etc.

CHAPTER VIL

Clinton

Prescott's Milla — Destruction of the Settlement by In-
dians — The Fii-st Highways — The Garnson Censns—
The Fii-st Families.

CHAPTER Vin.
Ctjnton — (Continued)

Tile Revoliiliun — The "Six Nations" — Immigration —
The Comb-makers— Poignand and Plant — Coming of
the Bigelows— The Ctiutou Company — The Lancaster
Quilt Company — The Bigelow Carpet Company — The
Lancaster Mills— Clint<invil!e, it.s Buildersand its Enter-
prises.



i6



25



31



40



46



50



I CHAPTER IX.

I Clinton — (Continued) 57

Tlie Incorporation— Favoring Anspices — New Enter-
prises and Clianges in the Old.

CHAPTER X.
Clinton — (Continued) 6i

Ctinton in the Rebellion — Soldiere' Boster.

CHAPTER XI.

Clinton — (Continued) 67

Horatio Nelson Bigelow — Banks— Town Hall — Bigelow
Free Library— Soldiers' Monument — Annals of Miitiu-
frtcturing Corpomtions- The " Wash-out " of is"!'. —
Franklin Forbes — Enistus B. Bigelow.

CHAPTER Xn.

Clinton — (Continued) 74

Schools — Cburcbes-Newspapfi-a — Water Supply— Slii-
tistics, Etc.

CHAPTER XIII.

Clinton — (Continued) 82

Masonic History.

CHAPTER XIV.

SOUTHBOROUGH 92

Location and Incorporation- Soil and Surface— Waters
— Productions — Agriculture — Manufactures and Mv-
cbanical Industries.

CHAPTER XV.

SouTHBOROi'GH — (Continued) 95

CHAPTER XVI.
Sturbridce 102

CHAPTER XVn.

TEMPLETON I2T

Location — Bouiuiary— Elevation — Streams — Ponds-
Soil — Productions — Population — Valuation — Business
Affairs of the Present Time.

CHAPTER XVIII.
TempleTon — (Continued) 124

Grant to the Township— The Proprietoi-s — Early Settle-
ments — Old Houses — Incorporation: Tenipleton, Phil-
lipston — County Relations — State Relations — Political
Parties.

CHAPTER XIX.
Templeton — (Continued) 129

Military Affairs: The Revolution — The Currency^
Second War with England- A Militia Muster— The
Civil War— The Sanitary Commission.

X



CONTENTS.



CHAPTKR XX.
Trmpleton — (Continued)

BttfiiietB A^lfalra : Manufactures^Early Slillj*— At Bald-
winville — (lii Tl"out Bniok — At Partridgeville and East
Teuiploton — At <ttter River — Hutels — Stores — Savings
Bank — Huails — Hailroadi*.

CHAPTER XXI.

Tkmpi.RTON — (Continued)

Post-* Jftices — The C'onimon — Cemeteries — Societies —
Warning 13nt — Tlie Great Load of Wood — Ctiaises —
Bounties on Wild Animals.

CHAPTER XXII.
TemplETOn — (Continued)

J-Ainciititnml A_it'airs: Schools — Private Schools — Public
High Schools — Teachers — Graduates — Libraries — Bojrn-
ton Public Library.

CHAPTER XXIII.
Templeton — (Continued)



134



140



'43



147



CHAPTER XXXVHI.

FiTCHBURG — (Continued)

History from ISIH) to ISVi.

CH.APTER XXXIX.

FiTCHBtiRG — (Continued)



22S



History of the Oily (1873-1888),

CHAPTER XI..
FiTCHiirRC, — (Continued) ....



History dnriii.L: the War of the ICebellion.

CHAPTER XI.I.

FiTCHBURG — (Continued)

Kcclesiastical History.

CHAPTER Xl.II.
FiTCHBURG — (Continued)



Fxdeai'uU'til Affiurn : The First Church— The Baptist
Church — The Trinitarian Church— The IniversalisI
Church — The Methodist Church — St. Jlartiu's ('hurch
— Memorial Church — Ministers.

CHAPTER XXIV.
Tp;mplETOn — (Continued)

Lawyei-s — i'hysicians — Hospitals — Prominent Men.



CHAPTER XXV.



U.XBRIDGK



CHAPTER XXVI.
t\\BRIDGE — iCoiiliiuied)



CHAPTI'.R XXVII.
I'.XBRinGE — (Continued)

CHAPTER XXVIII.

I'.XHRiriGK — (Continued)

CH.APTER -X.XIX.
UxBRiDGE — (Continued)

CHAPTER XX.X.

li.VBRiiiGR — (Continuedi

CHAPTER XXXI.
AUBUR.N



CHAPTER XXXII.
Auburn — (Continued) .......



CHAPTER XXXIII.
Auburn — (Continued)

CHAPTER XXXIV.
Auburn — (Continued)

CllAl>'n':R XXXV.



ASHBURNHAM .



CHAPTER XXXVI.
FiTCHBURG

lleHiTijiti Ve.

cii.\p'i'i;R x\x\ii.

FiTCHBURG — (Continuedi
Early History (17<i4-]71*'.t).



15"

■56

161

■65
169

173
176

1 84
I,S6
188
190
193

21)8



Educational History.

CHAPTER XI. rn.
FiTCHBi'RG — (Continued)

Manufacturing.

CHAPTER .XI. IV.

FiTCHBURG — (Continued)

I'ornniercial History.

CHAPTER XI.V.

FiTCHBURG — (Continued)

Hotels, Public Bnihlirigs and Business Blocks.

CHAPTER XI, VI.
F'lTCHBiiRG — (Continued)

City Hepartuients.

CHAPTER XLVII.

FiTCHHiiRG — (Continued)

(trgani/ations and Societies.

CHAPTER XI.VIII.

FiTCHBURG — (Continneii)

Professional.

CHAPTER XI.IX.
FiTCHBURG — (Continued)

Literary and Artistic.

CHAPTER I,.
FiTCHBURG — (Continued)

Jonriuilisin in Fitchburg.

CHAPTER I.I.
FiTCHBURG — (Continuedi



Cemeteries.



CHAPTER LII.



Barre



CHAPTER I. III.



Webster .



CHAPTER I. IV.



Mendon

Pioneer Life: Menilon the Mother of Towns— Compar-
ative Antiquity — Number of Towns once a Part of
Mendon — The FinJt Movement for a New Plantation —
The l>eed from the Iudiana~DiviBi<ui of Land— Names
of Proprietors — The Fii-sl Map— Inc.u'poration- The
Town in 1075 — The Nipuuicks' .\ttB<'k— The Settlers'
Return.



246
256
269
287
292

293

297

300
304

306

309

330
362

374



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER LV.



;\IEN'D0X — (Contiuuedl

Territorial uiid Polilu-nl Changes: The Town's Puverly
after t}ie War — Claims »f Rhode Island Territory — Tlie
"North Pnrchaae " — Annexation of "The Farms" —
Towns Claiming to be "Chililrenof Melidon" — Men-
don To-day.

chapt?:r i.vi.

Mkndon — ( Continued)

Mmiiifnt-tiires : The First Grist-Mill and Saw-Mill— Tlie
Snccessive Occnpanfa nf the Old Grist-Mill Site — Con-
tracts with Miliera and Blacksmiths — Torrey and War-
field Saw-Mills— Factories, Miscellaneous and Modern.

CHAPTER LVn.

Mkndon — (Continued)



CHAPTER LXX.



Petersh.^m



37S



Locality— Topography— Railway Connections— Histori-
cal Resources— Early Settlement— Petitioners and Pro-
prietors—Services in tht; Indian War— First Meeting—
Settlers- Relations with the Indians— Alarm— Armed
Woi'shippei'ri.

CHAPTER LXXI.



465



379



3S1



MilHanj History : Meridon in the French and Indian
War — The Revolution— SImys' Rebelliun— War uf 1S12
—The Rebellion.

CHAPTER LVIII.
Mendon — (Continued)

Ecdesiwiticitl HiMortj: Ministers and Meetjiig-Huuses,
l(;t;:i to I8I8— The Change to ruitarianism- The Meet-
iug-Honse of l^<-20-Paatora to 1888— The North Con-
gregational ('hurch and Pastoi-s— The Methodists in
Mendiiii — The Quakers.

CHAPTER LIX.
Mkndon — (Continued) 383

Ediu-uli'UKil Uintory nuil Clvsmy Rtfinurks : Early Records
and Tradition Concerning Schools — Notices of the
Earliest Teachers and School-Houses— School-Uames —
The District System — The High School — Some Note-
worthy EventH in Mendon's Recent llie^tury and its Pres-
ent Status.

CHAPTER LX.



Bkri.in .



CHAF'TEK I,XI.



HoPED,A.l,K



CHAPTER I.XII.
Northbriuge;

The Beginnings.

CHAPTER LXIII.
NoRTHBRlDGK — (Continued) ....

The New Town.

CHAPTER LXIV.
NoRTHBRiDGE — (Coiitinuec!) ....
The Later History.

CHAPTER LXV.
Northbridge — (Continued I. . . .

Religions .Societies.

CHAPTER LXVI.
Northbridge — (Continued) ....

Schools and Lihrary.

CHAPTER I.XVII.
Northbridge — (Continued)

^lannfactnres.

CHAPTER LXVIII.
Northbridge — (Continued). ...



387
406
424

42S

432
434
439
441
447



Petersh.\m— (Continued)

Incidents of the Kev(diition.

CHAPTER LXX 1 1.
Petersham — (Continued)

.Shays' Rehellion.

CHAPTER I.XXIII.
Petersham — (Continued)

The Churches.

CHAPTER I.XXIV.
Petersham— (Continued)

Schools — Indnstries — Wealtli — Population — Colle»fe
Gi-aduates — Congressmen — State Senatoi-s — Representa-
tives—Town Officers -Selectmen — Town Clerks— Town
Treastn-ers— .School Committee — Offirei-s, 1S8S.

CH.APTER LXXV.
Petersham — (Continued)

Biographical Notes.

CHAPTER LXX\I.
Petersham — (Continued i

The liebellion— Pnldio Spirit.



467



470



472



476



479



CHAPTER LXXVII.



Sterlini;



CHAPTER I.XXXIH.



Brook FiEi.n



CHAPTER LXXIX.

Brookfield — (Continued) ...



CHAPTER I.XXX.

North Brook i-iEi.n



CHAPTER LXX XI.
West Brookfikld . . .



:hapter lx.xxii.



Pa.xtox



CHAPTER LXXXIIL
West Bovlston



CH.APTER LX.XXIV.



Bi.ackstonf;



CFIAP'I'ER LX.XXV.



Spencer



CHAPTER LXXXVI.
Xi:\v Hraixtree



Individnals.



CHAPTER LXIX.



Northborough



453



C1I.\PTER L.\XX\II.



Leicester . .

Settlement.



484

486
510
5i«
540
554
568

5^0
607

631
667

686



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER I.XXXVIII.




CHAPTER CI I.




Leicester— (Continued)


691


Shrewsbury — (Continued)


787


French iilid IJevolutionary Whi-s,




The Jleeting-IIouse Lot and the Houses that were Bnilt
Thereon- The Parish Fund— Its Origin and Growth.




CHAPTER LXXXIX.








Lkichstkr — (Coulinued)


699


CHAPTER cm.




Statu Oonstitiitiun— Sliiiys' Insurrection— Fine for Nun-




Shrewsbury — (Continued)


789


Ro presentation in the General Court— Slavery in Lui-




The FiiBt Parish and Its Miriisters: Cnshing. Snmnor,




centor—" Instructions"— Jews.




Ingersoll, Whipple, George Allen, Averell, Williams,




CHAPTER XC.




McGinley, Dyer, Scudder, Frank H. Allen.




Lkickster— (Coutiuued)


701


CHAPTER CIV.




Eixhsiiistlciit : The First Cliurcli — Friends' Meeting—




Shrewsbury — (Continued)


793


Greenville Biiptiat Church — Second Congregational








Church.




The ."Second Parish— The Baptist, Universalist ami
niethodist Societies — The Roman f 'atholics.




CHAPTER XCI.








Lkicestkr — (Continued)


709


CHAPTER CV.




Schools: First Town Action — Schoolmasters — School-




SiiREWsiuiRY — (Continued)


796


Houses— Town Fines- District System—Amount liaised








for Schools— Districts Abolished- High School— Leices-




The French Ware, the Uevolution, (he War of IS12




ter AcaUtMny— Founding- Buildings- Teachers- Funds




and the Mi-xican War.




-Militiiry-Keorgani/atiou— Centennial Anniversary.




CHAPTER CVI.




CHAPTER XCII.












SHREWSBiiRY — (Continued)


79S


EKiCiiSTER— (Continued)


715


Showing the Part which Shrewsliniy b'ok in tlie Shays'




Jtmiiiess: Card Ilusiness—Woolfu Maiiufncture— Boot




lii'lH'llion.




and Sboe Business — Tanning and Currying Business —








Leicester National and Savings Banks— Miscellaneous




CHAPTER CVII.




Industries.




Shrewsbury — (Continued)


800


CHAPTKR XCIII.




The Slavehcdders' Relxdli.Mi.




Lkickster — (Continued)


723






The Ciril Win-: Sixth MataachuBetttj Kegiiiieiit — Wiu-




CHAPTER CVIII.




Meetings — Twenty-tifth Uogiinent — Fifteenth, Twenty-
first, Thiity-fonrtii, Forty-second— Action of the Town




Shrewsbury — (Continued)


S02


— tnher Suhliere—Kxi»en(ittnres—Casnalties— Close of




.\gricnltnre — The Stage Business - The Tanning and




the War.




Currying Business.




CHAPTER XCIV.




CHAPTER CIX.




Leickstek — (Continued)

])IisceUaiieiiic»: Individnals and liesidences — Physicians


72S








Shrewsbury — (Continued)


S05


— Lawyers -Items of Interest — Burying-Grounda— Post-




The Medical Profession—Grailuates of Collegt-s— Public




Oftices — Fire Department — Taverns — Libraries — Cherry




Education.




Valley Floud-IIistories— Celebrations.




CHAPTER ex.




CHAPTER XCV.




CrARDNEK


810


Chaki.Ton


745


Silualion, Ttipography, Setllenient, Incorporation, etc.




CHAPTER XCVI.




CHAPTER CXI.




LUNKNIiURC.


760


Gardner — (Continued)


820


Location— Ponds and Drainage— Original Grants— Set-




Town Htid County Ro.ids — Fifth Massachusetts Turn-




tlements — Incorporation — Proprietary Affairs — Koads —
The Town Divided — Personal Notices.




pike-Railways.




CHAPTER XCVII.




CHAPTER CXII.




T TlMWRllRfi f (^ntitimipH^


767


Gardner — (Continued)


H25


i^l' i. "•i. OU RL. 1 V.U11 LIU IICU I ,..,..

Iiulian Alarms — T!;e French uud Indian Wars — Cajitore


Induslria! Interests.




of John Filch— The Revolntion— The War of the Re-








bellion.




CHAPTER CXIII.




CHAPTER -XCVI 1 1.












Gardner — (Continued)


84S


I^unenhuko — (Continued)


774


Kducation — Schools and Libraries.




JOcclesiastlcal History — Schools— The Cunningham








Paiiei-s.




CHAPTER CXIV.




CHAPTER XCIX.








Shrewsbury


7S0


Gardner — (Continued)


S52






Religion, Houses of Worship, Parishes, etc.




Karly Land Grants.








CHAPTER C.




CH.A.PTER CXV.




SiiREvvsnuRY— (Continued)


7S2


Gardner — (Continued)


S62


The Marlhorongh Men and When Some of Them Settled.




lielations to the State and Nation. .




CHAPTER CI.




CHAPTER CXVI.




Shrewsbury — (Continued)


7S5






(irant of Township— Lay-out of Lotrt— Incorporation —




Gardner — (C'.ntinued)


865


Origin of the Name of the Town.




Miscellaiif ..lis Topics.





FRANK LiN



Vut^"^>S'^






■'•"■■■ H

z

i D 1

'. fV


5r^i


'; Z V



o






H ISTORY



OF



WORCESTER COUNTY, MASSACHUSETTS.



OENERAL HISTORY.



CHAPTER I.
WORCESTER COUNTY.

BY WILLIAM T. DAVIS.

It is not proposed to include in this sketch any
matter which properly belongs to the histories of the
towns of which Worcester County is composed. Re-
ligion, education, manutactures and Indian history
will all be treated in the sketches of the various towns
with whose growth and traditions and present condi-
tion they are inseparably connected. It is proposed
to confine the sketch strictly to an investigation of the
affairs of the county proper, its incorporation, its
geograjdiical character, its boundaries, its courts, its
officers and such associations as have the county for
both the extent and limit of their operations.

Worcester County was incorporated by an act which
was passed by the General Court, April 2d, and pub-
lished April 5, 1731. The text of the act is as follows:

An Act lor erectiog, granting and making a County in the Inland
parts of tliis Province, to be called the County of Worcester, and for es-
tabliahiag Courts of Justice within the same :

Be it enacted by His Excellency the Governor, Council and Representa-
tives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same :

Sect. 1. That the towns and places hereafter named and expressed ;
That is to say, Worcester, Lancaster, Westboro', Shrewsbiiry, Southboro',
Leicester, Rutland and Lunenburg, all in the County of Middlesex ;
Mendon, Woodstock, Oxford, Sutton (iucludiug Hassanamiseo), Uxbridge
and the laud lately granted to several petitioners of Medfield, all in the
County of Suffolk ; Brookfield in the County of Hampshire and the
South town laid out to the Narragansett soldiers; and all other lands
lying within said townships with the inhabitants thereon, shall from and
after the lUth day of July, which will be in the year of our Lord,



seventeen hundred and thirty-one, be and remain one intiro and distinct
County by the name of Worcester, of which Worcester to be the County
or shire town ; and the said County to have, use and enjoy all such
powere, privileges and immunities as by law other counties within this
Province have and do enjoy.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid :

Sect. 2. That there shall be held and kept within the said County of
Worcester, yearly, and in every year at the times and places in this Act
hereafter expressed, a Court of General Sessions of the Peace and an In-
ferior Court u( Conmiou Pleas, to sit at Worcester on the second Tuesdays
of May and August, the first Tuesdays of November and February
yearly, and in every year until this Court shall otherwise order, a Supe-
rior Court of Judicature, Court of Assize and General Gaol Delivei-y, to
sit on the Wednesday immediately preceding the time by law appointed
for the holding of the said Court of Judicature, Court of Assize and
General Gaol Delivery at Springfield, within and for the County of
Hampshire ; and the Justices of the said Court of General Sessions of the
Peace, Inferior Court of Common Pleas, Superior Court of Judicature,
Court of Assize and General Gaol Delivery, respectively, who are or shall
be thereunto lawfully commissioned and appointed, shall have, hold, use,
exercise and enjoy all and singular the powers which arc by law already
given and granted uuto them within any other counties of the Province
where a Court of General Sessions of the Peace, Inferior Court of Com-
mon Pleas, Superior Court of Judicature, Court of Assize and General
Gaol Delivery are already established. Provided,

Sect. 3. That all writs, suits, plaints, processes, appeals, reviews, re-
cognizances or any other matters or things which now are, or at any
time before the said 10th day of July shaU be defending in the law
within any part of the said County of Worcester ; and also all matters
and things which now are, or at any time before the said loth of July
shall be defending before the Judges of Probate within any part of the
said County of Worcester, shall be heard, tryed, proceeded upon and de-
termined in the Counties of Suffolk, Middlesex and flanipshiro respect-
ively, where the same are or shnll be returnable or defending, and have
or shall have, day or days. Provided, also,

Sect. 4. That nothing in this Act contained shall be construed to dis-
annul, defeat, or make void, any deeds or conveyances of Uinds lying in
tho said County of Worcester, when the same are or shall be, before the
eaid mth of July, recorded in the Register's office of the respective
Counties where such lands do now lye ; but that all such deeds or con-
veyances, so recorded, shall be held good and valid, as they would have
been had not this Act been made.

i



HISTORY OF WORCESTER COUNTY, MASSACHUSETTS.



Ami bo it fuitlirr cnactpil by tlic iiiilliority ftforcsnid:
Sect. 5. TImt tliw .Iu3(ici-8 of tbi- Court of Gcncrjtl Sessions of tlie Pcnro
nt tbt'ir first liioi-Iiiig in tlie said County of Worcester, sliivll Iiavo full
powoi- niu\ iinllioiity to a])i>oitit some nnH-t i)eiA)n uilliin tlie said County
of WorciV'tev to be liegister of Deeds and Conveyances williin tlie aiine,
wlio bliull bu Hworn to tliu faitlifnl diselmi'gc of liis trust in the said
olli^-o, and sliall continue to hold and ex'-rcise the Bauic according to tliu
directions of llio law, until sonte jierson bo elected liy tlie frecboltlers of
tlio s.tid t'ounty of Worcester (who are hereby empowered to choose such
pcraon on the first Thursday of Seittemher next ensuin;;, by the methods
in the law already prescribed), to take upon liiin that trust ; and until
Blich Kegistcr shall be apiminted by the Slid Justices and sworn, all
deeds and conveyances of laml lying within any part of the sjiid County
of Worcester, which shall he recorded in the Kegister's office of the re-
lipective counties where such lands do now lye, shall he held and deemed
good nnil valid, to all intents and purjioseg, us to the recording thereof.
And bo it further enacted by the authority aforesaid :
Sect. G. That the methods, directions and ]»roccedingsby law, provided
ns Well for eleetini: and choosing a Register of Deedsand Conveyances as
a ("ounty Treasurei-, whiih ollicers shall be ajipointed in the KUno man
ner as is by hue ali-eady pioviiled, on the fii>t Tliui"sday of Sept'inber
next, and also for the bringing forward and trying any actions, causes,
pleas or snils, both civil and crindnal, in the scvelal Counties of tiiis
I'rovincc and Courts of Judicature within tlio same, and choosing of
Juries to servo at the Cotirts of Justice, slmll extend and be attended,
observed and put in practice within tlie said County of Worcester and by
the Courts of .Insticu within the same ; any law, usage or custom to the
contrary notwithstanding. Provided, ahvays,

SoL't. 7. That the inhabitants of the several towns and places herein
before enninerated and set offa distinct County, shall pay their propor-
tion to any County rates or taxes already made and granted iu the same
manner as they would have done had nut this Act been made.

A supplementary act was passed April 12tb, and
published April 14, 175.3, providing " that all the lands
wilhiii thi.-i Province, adjoining to the County of Wor-
cester, and not laid to any other County, shall be and
hereby are, annexed to the County of Worcester."

Hassanamisco, mentioned in the above act, was the
Indian name of a territory about four miles square,
which was reserved by the Sachem, John Wam-
pus, when he sold to the English settlers the tract of
land which afterwards became the town of Sutton.
This territory was afterwards also sold and became the
town of Grafton.

The South town, laid out to Narragansett soldiers,
also mentioned in the act, was subsequently incor-



Online LibraryD. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) HurdHistory of Worcester County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men. (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 238)