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Columbia 53nitie«itp

THE LIBRARIES




iHetiical librarp




Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive

in 2010 with funding from
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http://www.archive.org/details/manualofpractica03cunn



MANUAL OF ANATOMY



V



PUBLISHED BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE OF HENKY FROWDE AXD HODDER & STOUGHTON
AT THE OXFORD PRESS WAREHOUSE, 17 WARWICK SQUARE, LONDON, E.C.4



CUNNINGHAM'S MANUAL



OF



Practical Anatomy



REVISED AND EDITED BY

ARTHUR ROBINSOxN

PROFESSOR OF ANATOMY IX THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH



SEVENTH EDITION



VOLUME THIRD
HEAD AND NECK



WITH S33 ILLUSTRATIOXS, MAXV OF WHICH ARE COLOURED



NEW YORK
WILLIAM WOOD AND COMPANY

EDINBURGH, GLASGOW, AND LONDON
HENRY EROWDE AND HODDER & STOUGHTON

I 9 2 I



V. 3
c,3



Printed in Great Britain by R. S: R. Clark. Limited, Edinburgh..



ist Edition, 1896.

itui Edition, 1903.

■^rd Edition, 1906.

i^th Edition, 1907.

^th Edition, 1912.

6M Editiofi, 1914.
tth Edition, 2nd Impression, 1917.
dth Edition, yd Impression, 1918.

■jth Edition, 1920.
7/A Edition, -ind Impression, 1921.



^// rights resei-ved.



PREFACE TO
THE SEVENTH EDITION



In this edition the general text has been revised, many new
figures, representing dissections, sections and radiographs,
have been introduced. The instructions for dissection have
been printed in a distinctive indented type; in many cases
they have been rewritten and in some cases ampUfied.

The latter changes, together with the additional figures,
have caused so much increase of size that it has been deemed
advisable to publish the book in three volumes. Vol. I. :
Superior Extremity and Inferior Extremity ; Vol. II. : Thorax
and Abdomen ; Vol. III. : Head and Neck.

As was the case in prev^ious editions, I am indebted to

Dr. E. B. Jamieson for many suggestions, for his invaluable

^ help in the revision of the text and for the preparation of

> the Index.

My thanks are due to Dr. Robert Knox, to Major A. W.
Pirie and to Major T. Rankin for the use of radiographs,
- which they very kindly prepared for me, and to Mr. ]. T.
? Murray for the new drawings of sections and dissections.

1



ARTHUR ROBINSON.

Oct. II, 1919-



N^ 5801



CONTENTS



HEAD AND NECK.

Face and Frontal Region of Head,

Side of the Neck,

Posterior Triangle,

The Scalp and the Superficial Structures of the
Temporal Region,

The Dissection of the Back, .

Removal of the Brain, .

The Anterior Part of the Neck,

Parotid Region, .

Temporal and Infratemporal Regions,

Submaxillary Region, ' .

Otic Ganglion and Tensor Veli Palatini, .

The Great Vessels and Nerves of the Neck,
Thyreoid Gland — Trachea — QEsophagus,
Scalene Muscles and Rectus Lateralis,

The Lateral Part of the Middle Cranial Fossa,

The Orbit,

Prevertebral Region, ,

The Joints of the Neck,

Mouth and Pharynx,

Carotid Canal, .

Nervus Maxillaris,

Nasal Cavities,

Spheno - Palatine Ganglion and Internal Maxillary
Artery,

The Larynx,

The Tongue,

vii



PAGET
2



42

55

98

120

161

167

183
199
200
227
231

234
242

262

269

277

299

300

304

317
322

346



Vlll



CONTENTS



ENCEPHALON— THE BRAIX.

Blood Vessels of the Brain, .

The Base of the Brain,

The Cerebrum, .....

Ventriculus Lateralis,

Septum Pellucidum — Fornix — Tela
Ventriculi Tertii,

The Thalami and the Third Ventricle,

The Mesencephalon, ....

Basal Ganglia of the Cerebral Hemispheres,

The Parts of the Brain which lie in the Posterior

Cranial Fossa, ......





PAGE


.


376




389




396


.


426


Chorioidea







440




445




451




458



474



THE AUDITORY APPARATUS

External Ear,

Membrana Tympani,
Middle Ear, Tympanic Antrum, and

ossicula auditus,

Tuba Auditiva,
Intrapetrous Part of the Facial Ner

Nerve,
Internal Ear,

Vestibulum, .

Canales Semicirculares Ossei,

Cochlea,



Auditory Tube,



ve and the Acoustic



506

509
510

517
^20



523
527
527
528

529



BULBUS OCULI.



General Structure of the Eyeball,






533


Sclera, .....






534


Cornea, .....






535


Tunica Vasculosa Oculi,






536


Retina, .....






542


Corpus Vitreum,






543


Lens Crystallina,






545


Chambers of the Eyeball,






546



INDEX



547



A GLOSSARY



OF THE



INTERNATIONAL (B.N.A.)
ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY



GENERAL TERMS.
Terms indicating Situation and Direction.



Longitudinalis

Verticalis

Anterior
Posterior

Ventral



Dorsal
Cranial



Caudal
Superior

Inferior
Proximalis

Distalis
Sagittalis



Frontalis



Longitudinal

Vertical

Anterior 'i
Posterior /
Ventral



Dorsal J
Cranial



Caudal
Superior |

Inferior J
Proximal

Distal
Sagittal



Frontal



1 {



\ \

J \



Referring to the long axis of the body.
Referring to the position of the long

axis of the body in the erect posture.
Referring to the front and back of the

body or of the limbs.
Referring to the anterior and posterior

aspects, respectively, of the body,

and to the flexor and extensor

aspects of the limbs, respectively.
Referring to position nearer the head

or the tail end of the long axis.

Used only in reference to parts of

the head, neck, or trunk.
Used in reference to the head, neck,

and trunk. Equivalent to cranial

and caudal respectively.
Used only in reference to the limbs.

Proximal nearer the attached end.

Distal nearer the free end.
Used in reference to planes parallel

with the sagittal suture of the

skull, i.e. vertical antero-posterior

planes.
Used in reference to planes parallel

with the coronal suture of the skull,

i.e. transverse vertical planes.



IX



GLOSSARY



Horizontalis

Medianus
Medialis

Lateralis

Intermedius

Super ficialis

Profundus

Externus



Internus
Ulnaris

Radial is
Tibial

Fibular



Horizontal

Median
Medial

Lateral

Intermediate

SuperficiaH
Deep /

External'



Internal
Ulnar \

Radial J
Tibial \

FibularJ



Used in reference to planes at right

angles to vertical planes.
Referring to the median vertical

antero-posterior plane of the body.
Referring to structures relatively

nearer to or further away from the

median plane.
Referring to structures situated be-
tween more medial and more

lateral structures.
Referring to structures nearer to and

further away from the surface.
Referring, with few exceptions, to the

walls of cavities and hollow organs.

JVot to be used as synonymous with

medial and lateral.
Used in reference to the medial and

lateral borders of the forearm,

respectively.
Used in reference to the medial and

lateral borders of the leg, re-
spectively.



THE BONES.



B.N. A. Terminology.

VertebrsB

Fovea costalis superior

Fovea costalis inferior

Fovea costalis transversalis
Radix arcus vertebrae

Atlas

Fovea dentis

Epistropheus
Dens

Sternum

Corpus sterni
Processus xiphoideus
Incisura jugularis
Planum sternale

Ossa Cranii.

Os frontale

Spina frontalis
Processus zygomaticus
Facies cerebralis
Facies frontalis
Pars orbitalis



Old Terminology.

Vertebrae

Incomplete facet for head of rib,

upper
Incomplete facet for head of rib,

lower
Facet for tubercle of the rib
Pedicle

Atlas

Facet for odontoid process

Axis

Odontoid process

Sternum

Gladiolus
Ensiform process
Supra-sternal notch
Anterior surface

Bones of SkulL

Frontal

Nasal spine

External angular process
Internal surface
Frontal surface
Orbital plate



GLOSSARY



XI



B.N, A. Terminology.

Os parietale

Lineae temporales
Sulcus transversus
Sulcus sagittalis

Os occipitale

Canal is hypoglossi
Foramen occipitale magnum
Canalis condyloideus
Sulcus transversus
Sulcus sagittalis
Clivus

Linea nuchse suprema
Linea nuchae superior
Linea nuchae inferior

Os sphenoidale

Crista infratemporalis

Sulcus chiasmatis

Crista sphenoidalis

Spina angularis

Lamina medialis processus ptery-

goidei
Lamina lateralis processus ptery-

goidei
Canalis pterygoideus [Vidii]
Fossa hypophyseos
Sulcus caroticus
Conchae sphenoidales
Hamulus pterygoideus
Canalis pharyngeus
Tuberculum sellae
Fissura orbitalis superior

Os temporale

Canalis facialis [Fallopii]
Hiatus canalis facialis
Vagina processus styloidei
Incisura mastoidea
Impressio trigemini
Eminentia arcuata

Sulcus sigmoideus
Fissura petrotympanica
Fossa mandibularis
Semicanalis tubae auditivae

Os ethmoidale

Labyrinthus ethmoidalis
Lamina papyracea
Processus uncinatus



Old Terminology.

Parietal

Temporal ridges
Groove for lateral sinus
Groove for sup. long, sinus

Occipital

Anterior condyloid foramen
Foramen magnum
Posterior condyloid foramen
Groove for lateral sinus
Groove for sup. long, sinus
Median part of upper surface of

basi-occipital
Highest curved line
Superior curved line
Inferior curved line

Sphenoid

Pterygoid ridge
Optic groove
Ethmoidal crest
Spinous process
Internal pterygoid plate

External pterygoid plate

Vidian canal
Pituitary fossa
Cavernous groove
Sphenoidal turbinal bones
Hamular process
Pterygo-palatine canal
Olivary eminence
Sphenoidal fissure

Temporal Bone

Aqueduct of Fallopius

Hiatus Fallopii

Vaginal process of tympanic bone

Digastric fossa

Impression for Gasserian ganglion

Eminence for sup. semicircular

canal
Fossa sigmoidea
Glaserian fissure
Glenoid cavity
Eustachian tube

Ethmoid
Lateral mass
Os planum
Unciform process



Xll



GLOSSARY



B.N. A. Terminology.

Os lacrimale

Hamulus lacrimalis
Crista lacrimalis posterior

Os nasale

Sulcus ethmoidalis

Maxilla

Facies anterior
Facies infra-temporalis
Sinus maxillaris
Processus frontalis
Processus zygomaticus
Canales alveolares
Canalis naso-Iacrimalis
Os incisivum
Foramen incisivum

Os palatinum

Pars perpendicularis
Crista conchalis
Crista ethmoidalis
Pars horizontalis

Os zygomaticum

Processus temporalis
Processus fronto-sphenoidalis
Foramen zygomatico-orbitale
Foramen zygomatico-faciale

Mandibula

Spina mentalis
Linea obliqua
Linea mylohyoid ea
Incisura mandibulae
Foramen mandibulare
Canalis mandibulse
Protuberantia mentalis



Old Terminology.

Lachrymal Bone

Hamular process
Lachrymal crest

Nasal Bone

Groove for nasal nerve

Superior Maxillary Bone

Facial or external surface
Zygomatic surface
Antrum of Highmore
Nasal process
Malar process
Posterior dental canals
Lacrimal groove
Premaxilla
Anterior palatine foramen

Palate Bone

Vertical plate
Inferior turbinate crest
Superior turbinate crest
Horizontal plate

Malar Bone

Zygomatic process
Frontal process
Tempora-malar canal
Malar foramen

Inferior Maxillary Bone

Genial tubercle or spine
External oblique line
Internal oblique line
Sigmoid notch
Inferior dental foramen
Inferior dental canal
Mental process



The Skull as a Whole.



Ossa suturarum

Foveolse granular es (Pacchioni)

Fossa pterygo-palatina

Canalis pterygo-palatinus

Foramen lacerum

Choange

Fissura orbitalis superior

Fissura orbitalis inferior



Wormian bones
Pacchionian depressions
Spheno-maxillary fossa
Posterior palatine canal
Foramen lacerum medium
Posterior nares
Sphenoidal fissure
Spheno-maxillary fissure



GLOSSARY



Xlll



Upper Extremity.



B.N. A. Terminology.

Clavicula

Tuberositas coracoidea
Tuberositas costalis

Scapula

Incisura scapularis
Angulus lateralis
Angulus medialis

Humerus

Sulcus intertubercularis
Crista tuberculi majoris
Crista tuberculi minoris
Facies anterior medialis
Facies anterior lateralis
Margo medialis
Margo lateralis
Sulcus nervi radialis
Capitulum

Epicondylus medialis
Epicondylus lateralis

Ulna

Incisura semilunaris
Incisura radialis
Crista interossea
Facies dorsalis
Facies volaris
Facies medialis
Margo dorsalis
Margo volaris

Radius

Tuberositas radii
Incisura ulnaris
Crista interossea
Facies dorsalis
Facies volaris
Facies lateralis
Margo dorsalis
Margo volaris

Carpus
Os naviculare
Os lunatum
Os triquetrum
Os multangulum majus
Os multangulum minijs
Os capitatum
Os hamatum



Old Tekminology.

Clavicle

Impression for conoid ligament
Impression for rhomboid ligament

Scapula

Supra-scapular notch
Anterior or lateral angle
Superior angle

Humerus

Bicipital groove

External lip

Internal lip
Internal surface
External surface
Internal border
External border
Musculo-spiral groove
Capitellum
Interna] condyle
External condyle

Ulna

Greater sigmoid caviiy
Lesser sigmoid cavity
External or interosseous border
Posterior surface
Anterior surface
Internal surface
Posterior border
Anterior border

Radius

Bicipital tuberosity

Sigmoid cavity

Internal or interosseous border

Posterior surface

Anterior surface

External surface

Posterior border

Anterior border

Carpus
Scaphoid
Semilunar
Cuneiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Os magnum
Unciform



XIV



GLOSSARY



Lower Extremity.



B.N. A. Terminology.

Os COXSB

Linea glutsea anterior
Linea glutsea posterior
Linea terminalis
Spina ischiadica
Incisura ischiadica major
Incisura ischiadica minor
Tuberculum pubicum
Ramus inferior oss. pubis
Ramus superior oss. pubis
Ramus superior ossis ischii
Ramus inferior oss. ischii
Pecten ossis pubis
Facies symphyseos

Pelvis

Pelvis major

Pelvis minor

Apertura pelvis minoris superior

Apertura pelvis minoris inferior

Linea terminalis

Femur

Fossa trochanterica
Linea intertrochanterica
Crista intertrochanterica
Condylus medialis
Condylus lateralis
Epicondylus medialis
Epicondylus lateralis

Tibia

Condylus medialis
Condylus lateralis
Eminentia intercondyloidea
Tuberositas tibiae
Malleolus medialis

Fibula

Malleolus lateralis
Apex capituli fibulae

Bones of

Talus
Calcaneus

Tuber calcanei

Processus medialis tuberis calcanei

Processus lateralis tuberis calcanei

Os cuneiforme primum

Os cuneiforme secundum

Os cuneiforme tertium



Old Terminology.
Innominate Bone
Middle curved line
Superior curved line
Margin of inlet of true pelvis
Spine of the ischium
Great sacro-sciatic notch
Lesser sacro-sciatic notch
Spine of pubis
Descending ramus of pubis
Ascending ramus of pubis
Body of ischium
Ramus of ischium
Pubic part of ilio-pectineal line
Symphysis pubis

Pelvis

False pelvis

True pelvis

Pelvic inlet

Pelvic outlet

Margin of inlet of true pelvis

Femur

Digital fossa

Spiral line

Post, intertrochanteric line

Inner condyle

Outer condyle

Inner tuberosity

Outer tuberosity

Tibia

Internal tuberosity
External tuberosity
Spine
Tubercle
Internal malleolus

Fibula

External malleolus
Styloid process

the Foot.

Astragalus
Os calcis

Tuberosity of

Inner

Outer
Inner cuneiform
Middle cuneiform
Outer cuneiforrn,



GLOSSARY



XV



THE LIGAMENTS.
Ligaments of the Spine.



B.N. A. Terminology.

longitudinale anterius
longitudinale posterius



Lig.

Lig.

Lig. flava

Membrana tectoria

Articulatio atlanto-epistrophica

Lig. alaria

Lig. apicis dentis



Old Terminology.

Anterior common ligament
Posterior common ligament
Ligamenta subflava
Posterior occipito-axial ligament
Joint between the atlas and the axis
Odontoid or check ligaments
Suspensory ligament



The Ribs.

Lig. capituli costse radiatum Anterior costo-vertebral or stellate

ligament

Lig. sterno-costale interarticulare Interarticular chondro-sternal liga-

ment

Lig. sterno-costalia radiata Anterior and posterior chondro-

sternal ligament

Lig. costoxiphoidea Chondro-xiphoid ligaments



Lig. temporo-mandibulare
Lig. spheno-mandibulare
Lig. stylo-mandibulare



The Jaw.



External lateral ligament of the jaw
Internal lateral ligament of the jaw
Stylo-maxillary ligament



Upper Extremity.



Lig. costo-claviculare

Labrum glenoidale

Articulatio radio-ulnaris proximalis

Lig. collaterale ulnare

Lig. collaterale radiale

Lig. annulare radii

Chorda obliqua

Articulatio radio-ulnaris distalis

Discus articularis

Recessus sacciformis

Lig. radio-carpeum volare

Lig. radio-carpeum dorsale

Lig. collaterale carpi ulnare

VOL. Ill — b



Rhomboid ligament

Glenoid ligament

Superior radio-ulnar joint

Internal lateral ligament of elbow
joint

External lateral ligament

Orbicular ligament

Oblique ligament of ulna

Inferior radio-ulnar joint

Triangular fibro-cartilage

Membrana sacciformis

Anterior ligament of the radio-
carpal joint

Posterior ligament of the radio-
carpal joint

Internal lateral ligament of the
wrist joint



XVI



GLOSSARY



B.N. A. Terminology.
Lig. collaterale carpi radiale

Articulationes intercarpse
Lig. accessoria volaria

Lig. capitulorum (oss. metacar-

palium) transversa
Lig. collateralia



Old Terminology.

External lateral ligament of the
wrist joint

Carpal joints

Palmar ligaments of the metacarpo-
phalangeal joints

Transverse metacarpal ligament

Lateral phalangeal ligaments



The Lower Extremity.



Lig. arcuatum

Lig. sacro-tuberosum

Processus falciformis
Lig. sacro-spinosum
Labrum glenoidale
Zona orbicularis
Ligamentum iliofemorale
Lig. ischio-capsulare
Lig. pubo-capsulare
Lig. popliteum obliquum
Lig. collaterale fibulare
Lig. collaterale tibiale
Lig. popliteum arcuatum
Meniscus lateralis
Meniscus medialis
Plica synovialis patellaris
Plicae alares

Articulatio tibio-fibularis
Lig. capituli fibulse

Syndesmosis tibio-fibularis

Lig. deltoideum

Lig. talo-fibulare anterius

Lig. talo-fibulare posterius

Lig. calcaneo-fibulare

Lig. talo-calcaneum laterale

Lig. talo-calcaneum mediale

Lig. calcaneo-naviculare plantare

Lig. talo-naviculare

Pars calcaneo-navicularis^ lig.

I bifur-
Pars calcaneo-cuboidea J catum



Subpubic ligament

Great sacro-sciatic ligament
Falciform process

Small sacro-sciatic ligament

Cotyloid ligament

Zonular band

Y-shaped ligament

Ischio-capsular band

Pubo-femoral ligament

Ligament of \Vinslow

Long external lateral ligament

Internal lateral ligament

Arcuate popliteal ligament

External semilunar cartilage

Internal semilunar cartilage

Lig. mucosum

Ligamenta alaria

Superior tibio-fibular articulation

Anterior and posterior superior
tibio-fibular ligaments

Inferior tibio-fibular articulation

Internal lateral ligament of ankle

Anterior fasciculus of external
lateral ligament

Posterior fasciculus of external
lateral ligament

Middle fasciculus of external lateral
ligament

External calcaneo-astragaloid liga-
ment

Internal calcaneo-astragaloid liga-
ment

Inferior calcaneo-navicular ligament

Astragalo-scaphoid ligament

Superior calcaneo- scaphoid liga-
ment

Internal calcaneo-cuboid ligament



GLOSSARY



xvu



THE MUSCLES.

Muscles of the Back.
Superficial.



B.N. A. Terminology.
Levator scapulae



Old Terminology.
Levator anguli scapulae



Serratus anterior



Muscles of the Chest.

Serratus magnus

Muscles of Upper Extremity.



Biceps brachii

Lacertus fibrosus
Brachialis
Triceps brachii

Caput mediale

Caput laterale
Pronator teres

Caput ulnare
Brachio-radialis
Supinator

Extensor carpi radialis longus
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extensor indicis proprius
Extensor digiti quinti proprius
Abductor pollicis longus
Abductor pollicis brevis
Extensor pollicis brevis
Extensor pollicis longus
Lig. carpi transversum
Lig. carpi dorsale



Biceps

Bicipital fascia
Brachialis anticus
Triceps

Inner head

Outer head
Pronator radii teres

Coronoid head
Supint/, r longus
Supinator brevis
Extensor carpi radialis longior
Extensor carpi radialis brevior
Extensor indicis
Extensor minimi digiti
Extensor ossis metacarpi pollicis
Abductor pollicis
Extensor primi internodii pollicis
Extensor secundi internodii pollicis
Anterior annular ligament
Posterior annular ligament



Muscles of Lower Extremity.



Tensor fasciae latae

Canalis adductorius (Hunteri)

Trigonum femorale (fossa Scarpce

major)
Canalis femoralis
Annulus femoralis
M. quadriceps femoris —

Rectus femoris

Vastus lateralis

Vastus intermedius

Vastus medialis

^L articularis genu
Tibialis anterior



Tensor fasciae femoris
Hunter's canal
Scarpa's triangle

Crural canal
Crural ring
Quadriceps —

Rectus femoris

Vastus externus

Crureus

Vastus internus

Subcrureus
Tibialis anticus



XVlll



GLOSSARY



B.N. A. Terminology.

Tendo calcaneus
Tibialis posterior
Quadratus plantse
Lig. transversum cruris
Lig. cruciatum cruris
Lig. laciniatum
Retinaculum musculorum



nseorum supenus
Retinaculum musculorum
naeorum inferius



pero-



pero-



Old Terminology.

Tendo Achillis

Tibialis posticus

Accessorius

Upper anterior annular ligament

Lower anterior annular ligament

Internal annular ligament

External annular ligament



Axial Muscles.
Muscles of the Back.



Serratus posterior superior
Serratus posterior inferior
Splenius cervicis
Sacro-spinalis
Ilio-costalis —

Lumborum

Dorsi

Cervicis
Longissimus —

Dorsi

Cervicis

Capitis
Spinalis —

Dorsi

Cervicis

Capitis
Semispinalis —

Dorsi

Cervicis

Capitis
Multifidus



Serratus posticus superior
Serratus posticus inferior
Splenius colli
Erector spinae
Ilio-costalis —

Sacro-lumbalis

Accessorius

Cervicalis ascendens
Longissimus —

Dorsi

Transversalis cervicis

Trachelo-mastoid
Spinalis —

Dorsi

Colli ■

Capitis
Semispinalis —

Dorsi

Colli

Complexus
Multifidus spinae



Muscles of Head and Neck.



Epicranius
Galea aponeurotica
Procerus

Pars transversa (nasalis)
Pars alaris (nasalis)
Auricularis anterior
Auricularis posterior
Auricularis superior
Orbicularis oculi
Pars lacrimalis



Occipito-frontalis
Epicranial aponeurosis
Pyramidalis nasi
Compressor naris
Dilatores naris
Attrahens aurem
Retrahens aurem
Attollens aurem
Orbicularis palpebrarum
Tensor tarsi



GLOSSARY



XIX



B.N. A. Terminology.
Triangularis
Quadratus labii superioris —

Caput zygomaticum

Caput infraorbitale

Caput angulare
Zygomaticus
Caninus

Quadratus labii inferioris
Mentalis
Platysma
Stemo-thyreoid
Thyreo-hyoid



Old Terminology.
Depressor anguli oris

Zygomaticus minor

Levator labii superioris

Levator labii superioris aloeque nasi

Zygomaticus major

Levator anguli oris

Depressor labii inferioris

Levator menti

Platysma myoides

Sterno-thyroid

Thyro-hyoid



Muscles and Fascia of the Orbit.

Fascia bulbi Capsule of Tenon

Septum orbitale Palpebral ligaments



Rectus lateralis
Rectus medialis



Rectus externus
Rectus internus



Muscles of the Tongue.

Genio-glossus Genio-hyo-glossus

Longitudinalis superior Superior lingualis

Longitudinalis inferior Inferior lingualis

Transversus linguae Transverse fibres

Verticalis linguae Vertical fibres



Pharyngo-palatinus
]SL uvulae

Levator veli palatini
Tensor veli palatini
Glosso-palatinus



Muscles of the Pharynx.

PaIato-phar}'ngeus
Azygos uvulae
Levator palati
Tensor palati
Palato-glossus



Deep Lateral Muscles of Neck.

Scalenus anterior Scalenus anticus

Scalenus posterior Scalenus posticus

Longus capitis Rectus capitis anticus major

Rectus capitis anterior Rectus capitis anticus minor



Transversus thoracis
Diaphragma

Crus mediale ^



Crus intermedium .-
Crus laterale j

Arcus lumbo - costalis

(Halleri)
Arcus lumbo - costalis

(Halleri)



Muscles of Thorax.

Triangularis sterni
Diaphragm

Crura and origins from arcuate
ligaments

medialis Ligamentum arcuatum internum



lateralis Ligamentum arcuatum externum



XX



GLOSSARY



Muscles of the Abdomen.



B.N. A. Terminology.

Ligamentum inguinale (Pouparti)
Ligamentum lacunare (Gimbernati)
Fibrae intercrurales
Ligamentum inguinale reflexum

(Collesi)
Annulus inguinalis subcutaneus

Crus superius

Crus inferius
Falx aponeurotica inguinalis
M. transversus abdominis
Linea semicircularis (Douglasi)
Annulus inguinalis abdominalis



Old Terminology.

Poupait's ligament
Gimbernat's ligament
Intercolumnar fibres
Triangular fascia

External abdominal ring

Internal pillar

External pillar
Conjoined tendon
Transversalis muscle
Fold of Douglas
Internal abdominal ring



Perineum and Pelvis.



Transversus perinei superficialis
M. sphincter urethrse membranaceae
Diaphragma urogenitale

Fascia diaphragmatis urogenitalis

superior
Fascia diaphragmatis urogenitalis

inferior
Arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis
Ligamenta puboprostatica

Fascia diaphragmatis pelvis superior
Fascia diaphragmatis pelvis inferior



Transversus perinei
Compressor urethrae
Deep transverse muscle and sphinc-
ter urethrae
Deep layer of triangular ligament

Superficial layer of the triangular



Online LibraryD. J. (Daniel John) CunninghamManual of practical anatomy (Volume v.3) → online text (page 1 of 54)