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Mississippi Railroad. In addition to the iron work
for their cars, they have manufactured all the iron
for Messrs. Stone & Boomer, used in the construc-
tion of bridges, turn-tables, &c. They have en-
larged their buildings and increased their facilities
sufficiently to enable them to turn out five hun-
dred freight and forty passenger cars per year.

Messrs. Stone & Boomer, builders of Howe's
Patent Truss Bridges, Locomotive Turn-tables,
Roofs, &c., occupy for their framing ground and
yard several lots adjoining the Union Car Works.
They have had contracts the past year for bridges
on twenty-four different railroads in Illinois, Mis-
souri, and Wisconsin, embracing one hundred
and fifty bridges, the aggregate length of which
is thirty-seven thousand linear feet

This company has a capital invested of one
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and employ
upon an average three hundred men. They have
used two thousand tons of iron, and five and a
half million feet of lumber. Bridges completed,
ten thousand linear feet ; bridges not completed,
twenty-seven thousand linear feet. Turn-tables
compled, nineteen ; not completed, twelve. Cu-
bic yards of masonry completed and not com-
pleted, nine thousand. Gross earnings, eight
hundred thousand dollars.

Illinois Stoiio and Lime Company.

This new Company was organized in this city
in December last, purchasing the entire interest
of Messrs. A. S. & 0. Sherman in the celebrated
stone quarry at Lemont, twenty -five miles south
of Chicago, upon the Illinois and Michigan canal,
also the lime kiln property near Bridgeport.
The following are the officers of the company.

W. S GURNEE. President.

M. C. STEARNS, Secretary & Treasurer.

A. S. & 0. SHERMAN, Supcrintcndants.

The stone obtained at the quarry now worked
by this company, is nearly a milk white limestone,
and forms one of the most beautiful building ma-






56



terials to be found in the Western States. The
edifices which have already been completed with
fronts of this stone, attract the attention and com-
mand the admiration of all who visit the city, and
are pointed out with an extreme degree of satis-
faction and even pride, by our citizens.

The existence of this quarry at so short a dis-
tance, of inexhaustible extent, and accessible by
water communication, is a most fortunate circum-
stance connected with the building up of our
city. The stone can be furnished where it is
wanted, so that the cost of a wall of this material
is only one-third greater than that of Milwaukee
brick with stone dressings, while in the beauty
of the two styles there is hardly room to institute
a comparison.

The Company have been making, during the
past winter, extensive preparations for the activ-
ity of the opening season, having employed at
the quarry and at the yards here, about three
hundred men. We are informed that contracts
have already been made for furnishing fronts of
this stone to twelve buildings on business streets,
besides several private residences, all going up
this summer. The Company expect to increase
the number of men employed to five hundred,
with increased facilities for transportation, and
additional machinery and steam power, in order
to fully meet the demand upon its resources.

marble Works.

There are several establishments in the city
for dressing marble for cemeteries, interior deco-
rations for buildings, furniture, and various other
purposes, but we have only space to speak of one
of the principal. Messrs. H. & 0. Wilson have
extensive buildings with necessary yard room, at
the corner of State and Washington streets,
erected last summer. The amount of business
last year, exceeded fifteen thousand dollars. We
mention as a single item, that one hundred mar-
ble mantles were sold by them last year.

Brick Yards.

The sub soil of Chicago and vicinity is a blue
clay, underlying the surface from three to six
feet and affording an exhaustless supply of mate-
rial for the manufacture of brick which are strong,
heavy and durable. We are not able to ascer-
tain accurately the number of brick manufactured
here last year, but have gathered enough infor-
mation to show that it must have reached twenty
millions. These brick were all used in the
erection of buildings last season in addition to
those imported from Milwaukee and other lake
ports, which fell but little short of three millions.
In the spring of 185S contracts for Chicago brick



delivered at the buildings were closed at four
dollars and twenty-five cents per thousand, but
they advanced during the summer to six dollars.
The contract price for quantities, this season,
ranges from six dollars to six dollars and fifty
cents. The following are among the principal
manufacturers of brick ; G. W. Penney ; F. T.
& E. Sherman ; Elston & Co.; Anthony Armitage ;
Louis Stone.

Coaches, Carriages and Wagons.

The manufacture of vehicles of various descrip-
tions to supply the demand of the city and coun-
try has kept pace with the increase of other de-
partments of business, and from small beginnings
in board shanties, has taken possespion of large
edifices of brick and stone, resonant with the
whirl of multiform machinery driven by steam
power, where the division of labor among the
bands of workmen, each skillful in his own line,
results in the production of articles finished in
the best manner for the purpose at the lowest
possible cost. It is a noticeable fact that the im-
portation at this place of vehicles from eastern
factories has almost entirely ceased, and is con-
fined to buggies and light carriages, mostly des-
tined for the interior. We have not space to
speak of all the wagon factories in the city; larpe
and small they number nearly one hundred. We
therefore mention only some of the principal.

B. C. Welch & Co. occupy an extensive estab-
lishment on Randolph street, and devote them-
selves entirely to the production of buggies,
carriages, omnibuses and coaches. The following
figures will give an idea of the business of this
house, whose work will in all respects compare
most favorably with those imported from builders
enjoying only a more extended reputation and of
longer standing. The capital employed in this
establishment is thirty-two thousand dollars, and
the amount of finished work disposed of laKt
year reached the sum of forty-five thousand dol-
lars. The average number of men in the factory
is about seventy. The number of carriages sold
during the year was one hundred and eighty-five,
of which fifteen were omnibuses for the various
lines in the city, ranging in price from five hun-
dred to five hundred and fifty dollars each.
Among the number were five close carriages,
ranging from five hundred to eight hundred dol-
lars each.

Ellithorpe & Kline are also engaged in the ex-
clusive manufacture of carriages, ranging through
all the styles from the light open buggy to the
heavy family and livery carriages ; and they have
already acquired an enviable reputation in their



57



line. Their establishment is in the West Division,
at the corner of Randolph and Morgan streets.
Their sales last year amounted to fifteen thousand
dollars. It is their intention to more than double
their business during the present year, in doing
which they will employ constantly from fifty to
sixty men.

P. Schuttler has a large factory at the corner
of Randolph and Franklin streets, where the bu-
siness is confined exclusively to the manufacture
of lumber wagons. A steam engine furnishes
the motive power for all requisite machinery, and
about thirty-five men are constantly employed in
the establishment, as carpenters, blacksmiths,
painters, &c. The number of wagons made an-
nually somewhat exceeds four hundred, and their
ralue amounts to nearly thirty thousand dollars.

J. C. Outhet has a factory on Franklin street,
from which he sold last year one hundred and
fifty wagons, besides numerous drays, carts and
buggies, sales amounting to about seventeen
thousand dollars. The number of men employed
here is about eighteen. Mr. Outhet proposes to
enlarge his establishment and introduce steam
power, by which his business will hereafter be
greatly extended.

H. Whitbeck unites the manufacture of wag-
ons, buggies, and carriages with that of ploughs.
Within the past year he has greatly enlarged his
factory by the erection of a large brick building
of four stories, for machinery, besides numerous
smaller shops for various purposes. The capital
invested in this establishment is hi buildings and
machinery, twenty thousand dollars ; hi stock,
fifteen thousand dollars ; total, thirty-five thou-
sand dollars. The amount of sales for the pre-
ceding year exceeded forty thousand dollars.
The number of vehicles manufactured for the same
period is five hundred and eighty-nine, and the
number of ploughs, one thousand. This estab-
lishment now gives employment to from forty to
fifty men, and it is the intention of the proprietor
to increase his business during the present year.

Furniture.

This forms another very extended department
of manufacture hi our midst, and hi which very
many persons are engaged. Our limits will allow
us to speak of but one or two of the largest estab-
lishments. Numerous as they are, and many of
them employing a large capital, they are called
npon beyond their power to meet the demand,
and there is probably no other branch of manu-
facture more inviting at present, than the one un-
der consideration. The rapid growth of the city
is to be supplied, aud the wide expanse of coun-



try penetrated by our railroads, filing up with
new settlers, while the old ones are increasing
wonderfully in wealth and in wants. We have
often paused in the railroad depots to notice the
immense quantities of furniture accumulating for
distribution hi the interior, bearing cards of Chi-
cago manufacturers.

C. Morgan occupies a building on Lake street,
twenty feet front by one hundred and sixty-three
deep, and running up entire five stories. The
two lower floors are used to exhibit samples, and
three upper devoted to the workmen. Although
keeping a general assortment Mr. Morgan is en-
gaged principally in the manufacture of chairs
and the more expensive kinds of furniture,, em-
bracing ah 1 the recent styles of pattern, finish and
material. His sales last year amounted to thirty
thousand dollars, the establishment affording em-
ployment to over forty men.

Ferris & Boyd have then* show rooms on Lake
street, and their shop on Van Buren street. In
the latter their machinery requires an engine of
fifteen horse power, and the increase of their
business has compelled them to add forty feet of
shafting within a few months. They employ con-
stantly about fifty men, while their machinery
does the work of twenty -five or thirty hands.
Their manufactured articles are rather more hi
the common and useful line, than the luxurious
and expensive, while neatness of finish and ele-
gance of style characterize all their productions.
They connect with their business the manufacture
of frames for pictures and mirrors. We believe
it is the only establishment in this city where gilt
frames are made to any extent They turn out
very fine work in this line ; some of their frames
go as high as one hundred dollars each. Their
entire sales last year reached fifty thousand dol-
lars.

Among the other manufacturers hi the city,
doing a large business, we mention the names of
Boyden & Willard, D. L. Jacobus & Bra, and
Thomas Manahan.

Chicago Oil Mill.

Messrs. Scammon & Haven are the proprietors
of this establishment the only one in the city.
It is capable of manufacturing one hundred thou-
sand gallons of oil per annum. Owing to the dif-
ficulty of supplying themselves with seed, forty
thousand gallons were the product of the mill du-
ring the last year.

Before the commencement of this important
enterprise, in 1852, there was very little flax
raised by our farmers, and in the spring of that
year Messrs. Scammon & Haven imported sever-



58



al thousand bushels and sold it to the farmers at
cost, in order that they might be able to supply
their mill by the time it could be put in opera-
tion. They paid for seed during the past year
from one dollar to one dollar twelve and a
half cents, and are now selling oil at eighty-five
cents. Before this mill was established Flax
Seed was scarcely known in this market, and
what did arrive sold at sixty to sevent-five cents
per bushel. It will be seen, therefore, that the
amount of business done by this mill is a clear
gain to Chicago, and the region of country that is
tributary to the city. It is a great convenience
to our painters to be able to purchase a first rate
article of oil in our city. The neighboring towns
and cities also find it for their advantage to pur-
chase their oil of Messrs. Scammon & Haven, as
they are sure to get an article of very superior
quality.

The machinery is propelled by an engine of fif.
teen horse power, and the processes by which it
is manufactured are exceedingly interesting and
curious. Between three and four thousand bbls.
of oil cake were sold in this city and shipped east
by Messrs. Scammon & Haven during the past
year.

Another important department of this estab-
lishment is the manufacture of putty. About
two hundred thousand Ibs. were manufactured
during the past year.

The total amount of capital invested is between
twenty-five and thirty thousand dollars.

Soap and Candles.

The large amount of packing at this place
especially of beef, affords a good opportunity for
the extensive manufacture of soap and candles.
There are several large establishments in the
city, besides numerous small factories. As we
are not furnished with data for giving the total
business of the city in this line, we take one of
the principal establishments, that of Charles
Cleaver, Esq., situated at Cleaverville, upon the
lake shore south of the city. The manufacture
and sale by this establishment last year was as
follows :

Candles, Ibs 495.000 Tallow.lbs 884.300

Soap. " 682.010 Lard, " 334,341

Lard Oil. gallons.. 43,530

In connection with his business Mr. Cleaver
has imported within the year three hundred and
fifty tons of Rosin, Soda, &c. &c.
Machinery.

It is a source of gratification that Chicago is
not only able to nearly supply the demand for
machinery within her own limits, but contributes



largely to aid in the erection of mills and factories
at other localities, some of which are far from
being in our immediate vicinity. Engines, boil-
ers, and machinery of all kinds are continually
going out from the shops, while the demand in-
creases faster than the facilities for supplying it.
As we stood in a boiler shop but the other day,
the hammers were ringing upon the rivets of
seven boilers, four of which were for mills in
Michigan, one for a town in Indiana, one for
Davenport, Iowa, and one for Rockford. We
have gathered the following facts in relation to
several establishments.

Charles Reissig has a steam boiler factory from
which last year the finished work sent out amoun-
ted to twenty-eight thousand dollars and the val-
ue of material purchased was eighteen thousand
dollars. The number of boilers made at this shop
last year was one hundred and seventeen, which,
together with the o'her blacksmithing, afforded
constant employment to about twenty-five men.

Messrs. Mason & McArthur employ at their
works on an average forty men. They build
gasometers, purifiers, governors and all the
wrought iron works for the gas works ; also
steam boilers, water tanks, together with sheet
iron work and blacksmithing in all its branches.
The amount of business carried on by them may
be estimated from the fact that they expended
last year for iron and labor thirty-eight thousand
dollars.

P. W. Gates & Co., proprietors of the Eagle
Works, are large manufacturers of railroad ears,
steam engines and boilers and machinery of all
kinds. They have a capital of fifty-five thousand
dollars invested. The manufactured work of
last year amounted to one hundred and ten thou-
sand dollars, giving employment to one hundred
and fifty men. Among the articles turned out
by them were one hundred and twenty-five rail-
road cars and twenty steam engines.

H. P. Moses is the proprietor of the Chicago
Steam Engine Works, on the South Branch, the
oldest machine shop in the city. He is confined
to the manufacture of steam engines, mill-gearing,
&c. Last year he constructed thirteen engine?,
ranging from ten to one hundred horse power,
their value amounting to fifty-five thousand dol-
lars. He employs sixty-five men, and his engines
have a good reputation. There are now in his
hands nineteen engines which will be finished
within the next three months. We will remark
here, that he is now building one to run our
presses, which will be a model engine of its size.
It rates in common parlance at ten horse power,



59



but with the boiler we shall put up with it, its
builder says it will run up to twenty.

Leather Manufacture.

In this department we are famished with sta-
tistics of the operations of three eetablisments.
That of W. S. Gurnee, tanned last year eighteen
thousand hides out of forty-five thousand handled,
in which was consumed nearly one thousand
eight hundred cords of bark. The Tannery, wi oh
vards, drying sheds and other buildings, occupies
two acres on the South Branch. The establish-
ment employs fifty men, and a large steam engine
is used to drive all necessary machinery.

Messrs. C. F. Grey & Co. tanned, last year,
thirteen thousand eight hundred and nineteen
hides, and the sales of leather amounted to sixty-
two thousand dollars. They employ upon an
average thirty-two men. in this paj t of their busi-
ness. We mention here that the firm of S. Niles
& Co., in which they are partners, have manufac-
tured since August 1st, 1853, about eighteen
thousand Ibs. of pulled wool, taken from pelts
purchased for tanning.

Another establishment which employs twenty-
five men furnishes us with the following figures
of then- business for the last year : Number of
hides and skins tanned, 6,984 ; sides of harness
leather, 3,395 ; bridle, 1,479 ; collar, 965 ; upper,
4,577 ; calfskins, 1,636 ; belting 281.
Stoves.

We have but one establishment of long stand-
ing, the Pho?nix Foundry, of Messrs. H. Sherman
& Co. which has been doing a large business for
several years, and become well known by the ex-
tent of its operations and the quality of its wares.
We are not able to state ho-w many stoves were
sent out from this foundry last year, but the pro-
prietors employ constantly fifty men, and cast,
daily, six tons of metal. Connected with the
sales room on Lake street is a shop for making
furniture for stoves where, in the fall and winter,
a number of tin-smiths are employed.

Vincent, Himrod & Co have established a stove
foundry during the year, from which they are
prepared to turn out from four to five thousand



stoves per annum, and will, within a short time,
enlarge their works so as to manufacture double
that number.

Agricultural Implements.

In addition to the manufacture of ploughs al-
ready mentioned we have factories for making
thrashing machines, corn shellers, fanning mills,
and other farming utensils, but we are without
figures to exhibit the amount of business.

J. S. Wright has commenced here the manu-
facture of Atkin's Self Raking Reaper and Mower.
Last season, the first of the enterprise, he turned
out sixty machines. He has now in hand three
hundred machines which will be finished in time
for the coming harvest, and furnished at one
hundred and seventy-five dollars on time one
hundred and sixty dollars cash. The establish-
ment at present employs about seventy-five men,
but will be greatly enlarged during the year, as
it is the intention of the manufacturer to build
one thousand machines in time for the following
season.

McCormick's Reaper Factory has boon in suc-
cessful operation for so many years, and the
machines constructed have attained such a world
wide celebrity, that it is unnecessary for us to
more than briefly notice it here. It occupies
extensive buildings and grounds on the north
side of the river, near the mouth of the harbor,
and the time was when its tall chimney formed,
perhaps, the most prominent landmark for vessels
approaching the harbor. Now we have hundreds
as large and high, like volcanic craters belching
forth clouds of smoke, suggestive of the mighty
toils of elements beneath. The number of reap-
ing and mo wing machines manufactured and sold
in 1853, amounted to a little less than one thou-
sand five hundred, and at an average price of one
hundred and thirty dollars, gives one hundred
and ninety-five thousand dollars as the amount of
sales. The number of combined reaping and
mowing machines turned out during the present
year will be at least one thousand five hundred,
furnished at one hundred and fifty dollars each.
The number of men employed at the works is
about one hundred and twenty.



COMMERCIAL REVIEW



FOR 1853.



THE past year has been one of unexampled
prosperity. The increase in our population has
been fifty-seven per cent., and yet every one of
our sixty thousand people, who has the disposi-
tion and the health to labor, is fully employed.
There is not probably upon the Continent a city
whose healthy permanent growth requires and
can profitably employ so large an increase of
labor and capital as Chicago. But our business
now is with the commerce of the past year. We
commence with

FLOUR.

The receipts and shipments of Flour during
the past year do not show so large an increase
as might at first be expected. This is owing to
the large amount consumed in the construction
of our various railroads, and by our increasing
population both in the city and country. The
following table exhibits the total amount of re-
ceipts for the past two years, and the sources
from which they were derived :

1852-bbls. 1853-bbls.



Galena and Chicago Railroad. . .44.316

Lake 8,875

Canal 1,846

Eastern Railroads 4.300

Manufactured in city 70,979

Rock Island Railroad



30,702
2,265
7,223
7.411

83,833



Total, 124,316 131,130

It will be seen that the receipts for the past
exceed those of the previous year by nearly
seven thousand barrels. The city mills have



manufactured twelve thousand barrels more than
they did in 1852.

The shipments of Flour from this port by Lake,
for a series of years, were as follows :

TBASS. BBLS.

1844 6920

1845 13.752

1846 28,045

1847 32.538

1848 , 45,208

1849 51.869

1850 100,871

1851 72.406

1852 61.196

1853 T0.984

SHIPMENTS OF FLOUR FOR 1853 :

Lake 78,984

Canal 1.167

Galena Railroad 44S

Eastern Railroads 666

111. Central Railroad 988

74,199

Leaving a balance of 56,950 barrels, part of
which has been shipped by Michigan Central
and Rock Island railroads, and the rest consumed
in the city.

The shipments made by canal and railroad
were mostly in small lots, for consumption in the
various towns through which they severally pass.

The prices in this market on the first of each
month for the years 1851-'52-'53, were as fol-
lows. The lowest figures are for common coun-
try Spring Wheat brands, and the higher for best
city mills :



61



January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December



1851,

:^.7.u....O
2.75a4.oO
3.00a5.0J
8.UOa4.5J
3.00al.25
3.00a*.25
3.00al.25
2.2oal.23
2.25a4.25
2.25a3 73
2.25a3.75
2,25aS.75



1852.



2.504.25
2.25a4.00
2.2oa4.(iO
3.00a4.25
2,3ia4.00
2.80a4.00
2.50a4.i;0
2.75a4.75
2.75a4.75
3.25a4.75



1353.

IS.iOa5.CO
4.00a5.00
3.50a4.7o
3.25a4.uO
3,50*4.75
3.50a4.7a
3.50a.75
3.73a4.75
3.50a5.00
5 25a6.25
4.75aS.?5
4.5Ua5,5u



The interesting fact is evident from these
figures, that Flour has averaged during the past
year about a dollar per barrel above the prices
paid the year previous, and two dollars above
those paid in 1851. This important advance in
one of our great staples has added hundreds of
thousands of dollars to the property of the State
of Illinois.

WHEAT.

The crop of Wheat for the last year, in all the
section of country which seeks Chicago as its
market, was large, and the quality of the grain
was generally very good. Within the year our
railroads have been extended in almost every
direction, thus affording facilities to bring out the


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Online LibraryDaily Democratic PressThe Rail-roads, history and commerce of Chicago → online text (page 11 of 15)