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The Rail-roads, history and commerce of Chicago online

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age in which we live such its influence, its po-
tent sway, its power for right or wrong, its un-
namable and not to be estimated responsibilities.

The Democratic Press was established Sep-
tember Kith, 1852. It commenced with a list of
something over one hundred subscribers to the
daily edition, and of about two hundred and fifty
to the weekly. Without any special effort to
procure subscribers, except so far as laboring
assiduously to make it the best paper in the
country may be regarded as a special effort, our
list has constantly increased, until now (August
21st) we have a daily circulation of 2,064, and a
circulation of our weekly edition of 4, 080. With-
in a few months past, to answer an unmistakable
and rapidly growing want along the lines of our
railroads, we also commenced the issue of a tri-
weekly edition, of which we now circulate with-
in a fraction of 200 copies. This makes our to-
tal issue per week 16,968, and per year, 882,336
copies. But to give a more correct idea of oar
business, in all its departments, we will lay be-
fore the reader some facts connected with the
actual cost at which it is sustained. And first we
will present a tarmiar statement of the operative
force employed in it:

Editorial Staff 4

Traveling and I*ocal Correspondents 5

Foreman. Newspaper OJSce 1

Compositors, Newspaper Office 8

Boy, Newspaper Olfice 1

Proprietor and Foreman, Job Office 2

Compositors and Pressman 8

Boy 1

Foreman and Assistant, Press Koom 8

Feeders 6

Engineers 2

Accountant 1

Mailing Clerk 1

Collectors : 8

City Carriers b

Total 60

When we add that nearly all of the above are
heads of families, it will be seen that quite a
respectable army derive subsistence, and several

of them are growing up to substantial independ-
ence, through the success of the Democratic

Our JOB OFFICE occupies two rooms one 18
by 70 feet, the other 18 by 54 feet. These rooms
are fitted up and stocked with all the various ma-
terial requisite for a first class book and job office
The visitor will find in them, in addition to an end-
less variety of type and ornaments, two beautiful
power presses, one of Hoe's manufacture, the
other of Adams', driven by a steam engine placed
in the Press Room below, and which are em-
ployed solely for book and job work. Beside
these, he will observe in active operation, one
Foster's Washington Mammoth Hand Press,
Hoe's Washington Medium ditto, Taylor's Impe-
rial ditto, Taylor's Medium ditto, and Hoe's Card
Press in all seven presses. It is rare, indeed,
that any one of these ever has the opportunity of
standing idle, and when it does it is not from the
want of business, but of hands. If the visitor has
time he will be interested in examining various
splendid specimens of printing which have been
executed in this establishment, and in every part
of it he will be more than delighted in witnessing
the efficiency with which work is turned out.

Passing out of the rooms devoted to this
branch of business, we descend a stairway and
enter the PRESS ROOM. Here the unitiated vis-
itor will find much to excite his wonder and ad-
miration. The room is 18 by 70 feet, and con-
tains one of Hoe's large Cylinder Presses, and
one ditto of Adams'. These two presses are kept
running constantly, from 1 o'clock Monday morn-
ing until 12 o'clock Saturday night, employing
two foremen, four feeders and two engineers, who
alternate with each other once every twelve
hours. During a portion of the time since they
were put in operation, we have printed upon

! them of dailies, tri-weeklies, weeklies, monthlies,
Ac., twenty-one different issues. But our own

i issues having largely increased, as well as some

I of those which we print for our neighbors, we
find that seventeen different editions are as much
as our presses can turn out.

These seventeen different papers, aside from
the extra editions printed, give, in round num-
bers, 12,807 sheets printed per day 76,842
sheets per week, and 3,995,784 sheets, or 7,991,-

| 568 impressions per year! Here is a fact which
it may be profitable for all classes of people to
consider; but we cannot stop for that purpose now.
These two power presses, as well as the two in
the job room above, are driven by a steam en-
gine which we regard as one of the most perfect
specimens of mechanical ingenuity and skill we
have ever seen. When we established ourselves
in our present business, we purchased an engine
which we regarded as amply large to do any
amount of printing that we should be called
upon to execute, at least until the engine should
wear out. But so much had our business increased,
we had to supply its place with a larger" one be-
fore the end of twelve months, and this second
one, which we thought surely would do, we have
have had to throw out before it is twelve months
old, for the same reason that we did its prede-
cessor. In this emergency we applied to our
friend H. P. Moses, as the very man most likely


to afford us the relief our condition required. We
told him and his accomplished foreman, N. Wiard,
what we wanted, and it is but poor praise to say
that our wishes have been met in every particu-
lar. The engine is capable of being worked up
to twenty-five horse power, and will run sixteen
presses such as we have described above. If we
have not over-estimated the growth of our cry
and country, we shall want all of that number be-
fore our paper is five years older. Since this en-
gine has been running, hundreds of visitors have
looked at it, and, without a single exception, eacl:
has awarded to it the merit which is claimed for
it above. We could not conceive of anything
more beautiful, both as respects thearnngeineut
and proportion of its parts and the perfect finish
which is everywhere visible, and the smooth, even
and noiseless manner in which it does ita work.
We regard it us a feather in the cap of Chicago
that she can show so admirable a specimen of
mechanical perfection as this same engine, built
at the machine shop of >j. P. iiioses. The boiler
is of the locomotive character, built of Lake u-
perior iron, by our friend 0. Keissig, one of the
best mechanics in the city, and is, in every sense,
worthy the engine which it accompanies.

Having feasied his eyes upon the many things
we have noticed above, and upon the m;my more
which we have not noticed, the visitor, having
got away from the clanking and rattling of the
pre-'ses, involuntarily says to himself, "Who
would have thought it? Who could have sup-
posed that a place which but twenty years ago
was meiely an Indian trading post, would so soon
furnihh business tor so large an establishment,
costing so much, and whose daily expenses must
run up to a high figure?" Seeing him wearing a
puzzled look as he speaks of the "daily expenses"
of our establishment, we will relieve him by pre-
senting a few statistics under that head. Here
is what we paid during the last twelve months
for the simple item of gas-light an item, by the
way, which had not occurred to our visitor:

Gas bill for year ending July 1st $40954

^-ut that is a very small and insignificant item;
go we proceed to state that our books show the
expenses of the establishment during the yea. 1
closing to-day, including labor, cost of white pa-
per, fuel, lights, insurance, interest on capital
employed, wear of material, &c., &c., to have
been as fallows:

Expenses p r d-ty (121 11

" week 72-i 60

" year . 37,*>i J2

Our white paper alone, not including the large
amount used in the jobbing department, costs us
$2'.1.43 per day, i 1 7 6,58 per week, and $D,1<J2.16
per year. This item will cost us a vast deal more
money next, if we may judge from the man-
ner in whicu our subscription list is increasing.

We might particularize to almost any extent,
but the above will accomplish the object we hud
in view, viz: to convey some adequate idea of the
rapid growth arid magnitude of the newspaper
business of our city and of the West. We have
only to a-iil to what has gone before, that the re-
ceipts of our establishment have, in addition to
meeting ail expenses, furnished us the very best
reason for being satisfied with our business.

Third Volume New Arrangement,

From the Daily Press of Sept. 16th. 15I.
We have the pleasure of announcing to our
readers and friends generally, that we have taken
into our firm Mr. BARTON W. SPEARS, late of the
Ohio Statesman. The arrangement is one that
we have long de sireo! to make. Our business has
grown upon our hands far beyond anticipation,
and neither of the original proprietors being a
practical printer, it became obvious, long tonce,
that (o fully complete our establishment, the co-
operation of another man competent to direct the
operative portion of it was absolutely essential.
This we should have secured long since, but a
difficulty met us at the threshold which we could
not at once surmount. There are thousands of
good printers to be had, but we wanted some-
thing more we wanted executive and business
talent, as well as practical skill, and all these are
not often combined in the same person After
extensive correspondence and repeated inter-
views with gome of the most successful publishers
of the country, we became satisfied that Mr.
Spears was the man we wished, provided we
could make a satisfactory arrangement with him.
This we have at length accomplished, and we can
very confidently assure our patrons that it will
prove eminently satisfactory to them as well as
advantageous to ourselves. We shall have more
leisure to devote to the business of editing, while
his attention to the arrangement and execution of
the mechanical department will insure to readers
a sheet of unexceptionable appearance.

Mr. Spears is a thorough master of his art a
man of gre*it energy and indomitable persever-
ance. He is perfectly at hoiuebin his knowledge
of all the machinery of a first c!a-s modern steam
printing establishment, and under his superintend-
ence we shall fear no competition, either as re-
spects the excellence of our work or the prompt-
ness with wh-ch it shall be executed. Our .Mich-
igan friends will recognize in Mr Spears an old
acquaintance, for many years one of the editors
and proprietors of the Monroe Commercial a
leading and influential organ of the emocratic
party; and they will doubtless be pleased to learn,
that while they have lost a good cit'/en .and earn*
e<t a Ivoc:it3 of genuine dem..c.acy, he has placed
himsef in a wider sphere of usefulness, when; he
can exercise, t> 'he fullest scope, tho-e qualities
which ren !e ed him a favorite at home as well as
a successful business man.

In entering upon a new volume, we deem the
occasion a fitting one to ofterour heartfelt thanks
to the many friends and patrons of the Demo-
cratic Prcxt, for the favor with which they have
uniformly received our eff'oits to serve them in
the capacity of public journalists. We can, and
do assure them, that neither effort or expense
shall be spared to make our paper a truthful ex-
ponent of the gre;it and growing West. Already,
we are proud to say, it is generally recognized as
a medium through which the leading minds of the
country give expression to their views upon the
various topic? connected with the important inte-
rests which are springing up in our luidsr. To
m lintain the character already gained, in this re-
gard, shall be our highest pride, and shall corn-
maud our best and constant efforts.

J. H. REES & CO.,

if illy







J. H. REES & Co., having full. and complete indices to the Records of Took County, (of
which Chicago is the county seat,) showing all Conveyances on record, relating, regularly or
irregularly, to any specific piece of property having also transciipts of all the judgments of
the several Courts of Record in Cook County -having also indexed copies of the Records of the
regular and special City and County Tax Sales in Cook County these indices and transciipts
being the only books of the kind in Chicago tender their services to the public generally in
furnishing Abstract* of Titles.

ftW They are prepared at all times to do CONVEYANCING in all its branches.

anfo CM Engineers,

Are prepared to survey City Lots, and Lands lying beyond the City limits. Par-
ticular attention will be given to the subdivision and planting of Lots, Blocks and Lands gene-
rally ; also to the establishing of lines for fencing.

HANCHETT & GREELE will also attend to the laying out and construction of Plank Roads, Rail-
roads, Water Powers, and such matters as fall within the Province of the Civil Engineer.

MR. HANCHETT retains his office as Engineer to the ' OOK COUNTY DRAINAGE i OMMISSIONERS,
and will attend to all matters relating to the drainage of lands in the city and its vicinity.

Office, No, 48 Clark Street, Third Stcry.

R E FE R E N C E S :

Mesrs. REES <fe KERFOOT,
Dr. C. V. DYEU,

E. C. LARNED, Esq.


JAMES II. REES, President,
J. B. RUSSELL, Vice President.

THOMAS WEBB, Treasurer.

Communications regarding business of the Board to be addressed to the Secretary.



3 Bniltj, Cri-Brrkltj nnii 'IBrtkiij 3ournnl




DAILY, - - in advance, $6,00 per annum.

TRI-WEEKLY, " 4,00

five copies, " 18.CO

" " ten copies, " 35,00

WEEKLY, single copy, " 1,50

" five copies, 6,00

ten copies. " 10,00

COUNTRY MERCHANTS will find it to their interest to take the DATI.Y.

The Publishers offer THE DEMOCRATIC PRESS to the people of the North

West with full confidence that they will be able to make it a welcome and profitable

visitor to all classes of readers. The Politics of the "Press" will be GEXIMXKLY

DEMOCRATIC. But it is not intended to fill its columns with political

discussions to the exclusion of other interesting subjects.

AIL Til fifii&T pI&TJOHS Of IHI D IT

Will receive more or less attention, and


Miall always have precedence of everything else. The PubHsheis flatter themselves that they

can make a paper which will be sought after by those who differ from them on political subjects,

4 from the fact tlmt they will devote large spare to other topics. The IMPR<WEMKXTS now going on

in the country will receive special attention ; and, in short, whatever has a tendency to developc

the resources of our great North-West, and improve the minds and fit-arts of the people, .-hall

find in the "Press'' an ardent and persevering advocate. Its

3VC .A. :R. IKL E T FL E! I* O IR. T S

Will be made up carefully by one of the Editors, and may be r.-lied upon as "riving- the correct

state of thfc'Market. In additior- to the usual Reports of Sales of all kinds ot Country

Produce and leading articles of Merchai>d : se, the " Pi-ess" will contain a

ITJ^Ipyr V nn^IIlFPVr f*F> Tirrrn T njrn n Tinny >/A'Ol/E ir n

wMiLi mlWiiljW ut 1 nitij Liv.iS 5iubil Mmiisill

Reporting all the sale^of Hoi-ges, Cattle, Hogs, Sheep, etc , that have been made during the week.

13?" Such a paper is, greatly needed at the present time'; and the 'Publishers confidently anti-
cipate a liberal share of public patronage while laboring to meet this pulJic want.

t3pT~TilK DEMOCRATIC -pitEss bus the largest circulation of any paper in the city, and is >>y far
the best medium of advertising in hicngo.

^g" Specimen numbers will (e sent by mail, when requseted.
v 5t^~ Money enclosed in a strong envelope may be sent by mail at our risk.

Office, No. 45 Clark St., two doors North of the Post Office.


Executed in the neatest and best possible manner, and at the shortest notice.

3= -A. Gi- !E3 "Z 4=

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Online LibraryDaily Democratic PressThe Rail-roads, history and commerce of Chicago → online text (page 15 of 15)