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Dana Reed Bailey.

History of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. online

. (page 38 of 99)
Online LibraryDana Reed BaileyHistory of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. → online text (page 38 of 99)
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18, 1872, when she resig-ned and H. J. Whipple was elected, and re-
mained superintendent for about three years until denominational
Sunday schools were org-anized. While this school was in o])eration
it was supplied with papers by Artemas (lale, and it had a library of
about 125 volumes, which were procured by subscri jjtions of its
members.

The Salvation Army. — The Salvation Army appeared in Sioux
Falls for the first time in November, 1889, and commenced parading-
the streets and holding- open-air meeting-s. Some of the people were
not aware that the Salvation Army was an institution that had come
to stay, and that its leg-al standing- hiid been determined by the
courts, and consequently on the 20th day of November two male
members of the army were arrested for parading- the streets, and
taken to the calaboose. As soon as the officers arrested the parties,
several prominent citizens joined the procession, thinking- the two
men were to be confined there over nig-ht. John Donahoe was then
chief of police and had been ordered to arrest the parties, but when
he g-ot them to the city prison he released them upon their own re-



358 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



cog-nizance to appear before Judg-e Hawkins the next day. At nine
o'clock in the morning- of that day the persons arrested were
promptly on hand in the police court, and Judg-e Hawkins as
promptly dismissed them, saying-: "There is no law prohibiting-
the accused from parading- the streets and praying there if they
wish to." But this did not end the matter. Several citizens were
determined "to carry the war into Africa," and Mils Ronlund swore
out a warrant before Justice Stickney ag-ainst the chief of police for
assault and battery upon the person of Joseph Campbell, one of the
persons who had been arrested. Upon the case being- called, the
rooms of the justice were inadequate to hold the people who were
anxious to hear the trial, and the circuit court room was procured.
The defendant called for a jury, which was impaneled, and the trial
lasted two days, resulting- in a disag-reement of the jury. A few
days later the case was dismissed, but a good many people in Sioux
Falls had learned the fact that the Salvation Army had a host of
friends, and that the little corps located in Sioux Falls would be
fully protected from any further interference.

Sioux Falls was not the first place where attempts had been
made to prevent the parades of the Salvation Army. Captain Mar-
garet Cartmill, who was in charg-e of the corps in Sioux Falls during-
the summer of 1895, and had then been connected with the army for
eleven years — two years as soldier and nine as captain — said to the
w^riter that she had been arrested five times for holding- open-air
meetings in the streets, twice in Rochester, N. Y., twice in Nashua,
N. H., and once in St. Louis, Mo. She was sentenced to jail in New
York for twenty days and served her time, but she carried the case
to the hig-hest court in the state, and there prevailed. In New
Hampshire she was sentenced to thirty days in jail, and after having-
served the time resumed her work on the streets, and was again ar-
rested and received a thirty days' sentence, but served only two
days. Here ag-ain she went to the supreme court and prevailed.

The members in Sioux Falls number about twenty at the pres-
ent time (1895), and they conduct their services without molestation,
the authorities having learned that the Salvation Army is an institu-
tion which the people will sustain; and mischievous boys have also
learned that it is not expedient to disturb the meeting-s.



HlsfoRY OF Minnehaha Couni^v.



■ 359



NEWSPAPERS.



The history of the first newspaper
in Minnehaha countv — The Democrat,
edited by S. J. Albrig-ht in 1858-9— has
already been o-iven in Chapter I. The
fact that an attempt was made at that
early day to publish a newspaper at
Sioux Palls demonstrates one thing-,
if nothino- more, that the persons who
first took possession of the land about
the falls of the Big* Sioux, had un-
bounded faith in the rapid settlement
and g-rowth of the surrounding- country.
But with the first issue of the

Sioux Falls Pantagraph on the
10th day of April, 1872, the history of
the newspapers of this county properly
commences. In 1871, William F. Kiter
moved to Sioux Falls from Council
Bluffs, Iowa, and during- the fall of that




S. J. Albright.



year built a house in Sioux Falls, which he occupied as a residence
and office. The house was built where the Leader block now stands,
and is now located in the rear of that block on Seventh street. Sioux
Falls at that time had a population of about 300, and of this number
not to exceed one-half of the adults could read or write the Eng-lish
lang-uag-e, and the Pantag-raph received its support mainly from out-
side the Territory. It was the sixth Republican newspaper pub-
lished in Dakota, the other five being- the Lhiion tf- Dakota)/, I'aiikto}!
Press, both published at Yankton; \\n-mUUo}i Republican, Spri)ii)-ficld
Times and Elk Point Courier. During- the time the Pantag-raph was
published by Mr. Kiter it was subject to the usual chang-es in form
and siz;e that all young-, growing- newspapers underg-o. At first it
was a seven-column folio and was printed in Sioux Falls, but after
five issues it became an eig-ht-column folio, and, from then on, it had
patent inside or outside. The heading- had a picture of the falls and
the motto ''Excelsior." On the 21st day of October, 1872, J. H. Stahl,
now of Madison, became interested in the publication of the paper,
but severed his connection with it on the 27th day of November fol-
lowing-. The Pantag-raph then took a rest until March 2b, 1873, when
Mr. Kiter resumed the publication until February, 187(), at which
time the paper was sold to John McClellan and the building- to R. F.
Pettig-rew. During- Mr. Kiter's proprietorship there was one hun-
dred and sixty-three issues of the paper, the last one being- on the
26th day of January, 1876.

A very interesting- lawsuit arose in reference to the Sioux Falls
Pantag-raph about this time. It appears from the records of the
court that at the last mentioned date John McClellan boug-ht the
Pantag-raph plant, upon which he g-ave a chattel mortgag-e. That the
next day he leased it to F. E. Everett for eig-hteen months, and Mr.
Everett went into possession and became its editor. That on the



%0 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTV.



16th dav of Pebriiary following-, one I. M. Hay took possession of the
plant under the McClellan mortg-ag-e, which had been assig-ned to
him, and on the 21st day of February sold the outfit to Robert Bu-
chanan, who purchased" it knowing of the lease. Everett broug-ht an
action of claim and delivery, claiming- the rig'ht of possession of the
property under the lease, and the case was tried in the district court,
resulting- in a special verdict. Upon this verdict a judg-ment was
rendered for Everett, and the case went to the supreme court upon
appeal, where the judg-ment of the lower court was affirmed in Mav,
1880. During- the time this litig-ation was in prog-ress, the materials
were sold under a chattel mortg-ag-e to R. P. Pettig-rew, and for a
long- time stored by him in a shed adjoining- his office, but were finally
sold to Eno & Brown of Eg-an, and taken there and used in the publi-
cation of the first newspaper at that place.

The Sioux Palls Independent. — Was established in Sioux
Palls on the 15th day of May, 1873, by C. W. McDonald, and was
published weekly until it was merg-ed with the Dakota Pantag-raph
on the 6th day of January, 1881, without missing- an issue. It was
Republican in politics, and during- its existence was a potent factor
in political matters in this section of Dakota. In June, 1873, E. A.
Sherman came to Sioux Palls, and his first business transaction was
to purchase a half interest in the Independent, and during- the next
eig-hteen months he was associated with Mr. McDonald in the man-
ag-ement of the paper. Mr. Sherman then sold his interest to T. J.
White. During- its publication P. E. Everett, W. A. Williams and
L. C. Hitchcock were in the editorial charg-e at different times, either
as lesses or by purchase, but in July, 1878, Mr. McDonald purchased
the plant and remained in charg-e until it was merg-ed in the Dakota
Pantag-raph, as above stated.

Dakota Pantagraph— The first issue of the Dakota Pantag-raph
was published in Sioux Palls on the 12th day of September, 1877;
Georg-e M. Smith and Melvin Grig-sby editors and proprietors. The
press and type were purchased at Swan Lake, S. D., having- been used
at that place in the publication of the Swan Pake Era.

The first editorial was as follows:

"The Dakota Pantag-raph will be devoted to the interests of Da-
kota g-enerally, and particularly to the commercial, political and
moral welfare of the counties of Minnehaha, Lincoln, Turner, Mc-
Cook, Lake and Moody, of which Sioux Palls is the commercial cen-
tre. These six counties, containing- one hundred townships of as
fine agricultural land as the sun ever looked down upon, and capable
of producing- annually forty million bushels of wheat, have as yet a
population of not more than 12,000.

"Politically, we belong- to that class of Republicans called croak-
ers, soreheads, fault-finders, too g-ood for their party. Notwithstand-
ing- these stripes from the party lash, we are proud of the record of
our partv, and in a humble way shall endeavor to perpetuate its
principles as they were enunciated by its g-reatest party leader, hon-
est Abraham Lincoln,

"The Republican party must either reform or sink into oblivion.



tllSTORY OP MlKNEttAilA COaNTV, 361



We shall at all times and under all circumstances exercise our rio-ht
'to publish with impunity truth, with o-ood motives and justifiable
ends, whether it concerns g-overnment, mag-istracy or individuals."
We shall not use our columns for the ])urpose of reven_o-in<i- private
wrong's from, or venting" private spleen towards indisiduals, nor shall
we permit others to do so." (Notwithstanding this promise, Mr.
Grig-sby was in jail within six weeks for libelling the governor). It
was a weekly, eig-ht-column newspaper, and remained under the man-
ag-ement of its founders until April, 1878, when the plant was pur-
chased by E. W. Caldwell and James P. Stahl.

On the 6th day of January, 1881, the Sioux Falls Independent
^vas merg-ed with it, and continued under the manag-ement of Cald-
well & Stahl until March, 1882, when they sold the plant to D. Elwell,
who had just purchased the Sioux Palls Times, and the two plants
^vere consolidated.

Prom this agfg-reg-ation a company was org-anized called the Sioux
Falls Publishing- Company, and on the 9th day of March, 1882, it
g-ave birth to the

Sioux Palls Weekly Press, of which E. W. Caldwell had
editorial charg-e, and Thomas H. Brown was manag-er until the
first day of June, 1882, w^hen W. H. D, Bliss took his place.

Sioux Falls Daily Press. — On the 3d day of January, 1883, the
first issue of the Sioux Palls Daily Press appeared. A few months
after the Daily Press was first published, Caldwell & Bliss purchased
the entire plant. Prom the time of this purchase until February 19,
1890, at which date Mr. Bliss died, the business manag-ement was in his
hands, and with Caldwell as editor and Bliss as manag-er, the Dailv
Press became the leading- newspaper in South Dakota. The death
of Mr. Bliss was a severe blow to the enterprise, as it was a hard
matter to fill his place as manag-er. After a few years Mr. Cald-
well boug-ht the interest of Mrs. Bliss, and remained the editor and
publisher of both papers until the 15th day of November, 1890, at
which time he sold the plant to Mrs. Bliss and removed from the
state. Mrs. Bliss published the papers until about December 10,
1896, when she disposed of the plant to the Sioux Palls Press Com-
pany, a corporation composed of several citizens of Sioux Palls,
and the papers since then have been published by this corporation.

During- the time Mrs. Bliss was the owner, Al. Caldwell had
editorial charg-e, and he retained this position for a few weeks after
it was sold by her. M. L. Fox from the Black Hills was then em-
ployed by the company, and had editorial control of the papers until
the 20th day of Aug-ust, 1898, and since that time Ora Williams has
been the editor.

The papers were Republican in politics until purchased by this
corporation, but since then the advocacy of free silver has been their
most prominent political feature. Under the editorial control of Mr.
Williams, the Daily Press has been very much improved, and is to-day
recog-nized as one of the strong-est and best dailies in the state.

The Sioux Palls Times was established in Sioux Palls on the
15th day of November, 1878, by E. O. Kimberly and C. M. Morse.



%'2 History of' Minnehaha County.



It was a nine-column folio issued weekly, and was Republican in poli-|
tics. In February, 1879, Mr. Kimberly purchased Mr. Morse's in-
terest, and soon after a half interest was purchased by Thomas H.l
Brown. This plant was supplied with the first power press ever
broug-ht into the county that was larg-e enoug-h to print an ordinary]
sized newspaper and its job department was well equipped for busi-
ness. It was a vig-orous, well edited newspaper, but its proprietors!
were induced to sell the entire plant to D. Elwell, in March, 1882,
when it was merg-ed with the Dakota Pantagraph, and from the two
plants the Sioux Palls Weekly Press had its origin.

The Dakota. — In 1880, N. C. Fredrikson established a Scandi-
navian weekly at Sioux Falls, but it was published only a few months.
It was a six-column folio and Republican in politics.

The Argus-Leader. — On the 2d day of Aug-ust, 1881, the
first issue of the Sioux Falls Argfus was published by the Arg-us
Publishing- Company, with W. A. Fulmer and Hibbard Patterson as
editors. This outfit came from Hamburg-, Iowa. Mr. Fulmer being-
a consumptive, he and Mr. Patterson decided to take the paper to
Gunnison, Colorado, Mr. Fulmer thinking- he could reg-ain his health
there. The materials were all boxed and ready to ship, when, owing-
to the hostility of the Indians in Colorado, it was decided to g-o to
Sioux Falls. Mr. Patterson came here and commenced the publica-
tion of the paper, and Mr. Fulmer came with his family in Novem-
ber. He arrived in the city on Saturday and died the following- Mon-
day. Mr. Patterson continued to publish the paper until the follow-
ing'- February, when it was sold to Charles Knisley, who conducted
it about three months and then sold it to T. S. Goddard. In Decem-
ber, 1882, Mr. Goddard sold the paper to W. S. Wynn, and the first
issue under the Wynn reg-ime was published January 3, 1883. Mr.
Wynn was a lawyer and came from Hamburg-, Iowa. He commenced
the publication of the Daily Arg-us as an evening- paper on the 4th
day of March, 1885, the day of Grover Cleveland's first presidential
inaug-u ration. November 1, 1885, Wynn sold the Arg-us and plant to
W. W. and Paul R. Goddard, sons of its former owner. Extensive
additions and improvements were made by them to bring- the paper
up to the requirements of the prog-ressive town. In April, 1887, a
stock company was formed, called the Arg-us-Leader Publishing-
Company, of which the Goddard Bros., were the active manag-ers and
principal stockholders, which purchased the Weekly Leader of Rob-
ert Buchanan and consolidated it with the Arg-us under the name of
the Arg-us-Iveader, daily and weekly. On the 9th day of November,
1888, the Arg-us-Leader was boug-ht byTomlinson & Day, its present
proprietors, and they issued their first paper the following- day.
Under the manag-ement of Tomlinson & Day, the Arg-us-Leader
g-reatly increased in circulation, and in a short time became the lead-
ing Democratic newspaper in South Dakota. This position it held
until the summer of 1896, when, owing- to the course pursued by the
Democratic party upon national issues, especially upon the financial
question, it refused to be further identified with it, and advocated
the election of McKinley for president. It is now acknowledg-ed to



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTV, 363



be the leading- Republican newspaper in the state. It has an ()i)ini()n
to express upon all public questions — city, county, state and na-
tional — and it is expressed fearlessly. Its editorial columns are con-
ceded to be as ably conducted as those of any newspaper in the state,
and the people of Sioux Palls have reason to be proud of the two
dailv newspapers having" their homes in the Oueen Citv. We should
be remiss if we did not record the fact that its business manag-ement
has been successful, and that all its editions are printed upon three
Merg-enthaler Linotype machines, and are being- published in morn-
ing- and evening editions — the evening- edition being- the principal
one, and having- the larg-est circulation.

SiO[JX Falls Review. — The first issue of the Sioux Falls Re-
view made its appearance in March, 1883. It was published monthly
by L, D. Henry, then engaged in the real estate business in Sioux
Falls, and the purpose of the paper, as set forth in the initial num-
ber, was "to note the principal improvements in the city and county;
the average temperature, rainfall, crop reports, the industries estab-
lished or perfected and the desirability of this section as a home for
the farmer, the carpenter, the laborer and the capitalist." How long-
this publication was continued the writer is unable to ascertain, but
remembers that it appeared monthly, as advertised, for several
months at least.

Sioux Falls Leader. — This paper was established by the
Minnehaha Trust Company, and its prime object was to promote the
interests of the north end of town. This company built the Leader
Block now standing- on the corner of Seventh street and Phillips
avenue, and when it was completed the Sioux Falls Leader, a weekly
newspaper, was started in this building with Peyton H. Acton as
editor. Its first issue was on the 28th day of June, 1883. On the 3d
day of September, 1883, a daily edition of the Leader was commenced,
but was discontinued on the 7th day of November following-, the polit-
ical campaign of that year being over. This branch of the Leader
was started for political purposes, and while it was in existence the
writer remembers it was a lively sheet. Mr. Acton and Arthur C.
Phillips had editorial charg-e, and D. L. McKinney was manag'er. In
January, 1885, Judg-e Brookings bought and edited the Leader until
April 8, following, when he sold it to Samuel T. Clover and a man by
the name of Daniels, who removed the plant to the Wai)les Block.
Clover very soon after boug-ht out his partner and conducted the
paper very successfully until the 19th day of May, 188(), when he sold
it to Robert Buchanan who after running- it until A])ril, 1887, sold it
to the (joddard Bros., by whom it was consolidated with the Argus.
Although the Leader was originally started for limited local pur-
poses, it was fortunate in having- during- its career three able edi-
torial writers. Peyton H. Acton was a gentleman of fine literary
attainments and one of the brighest editorial writers that ever had
control of a newspaper in Sioux Falls. He died on the 24th day of
March, 1885. Sam. T. Clover succeeded Acton, and the I^eader, al-
though somewhat chang-ed in style, still remained a bright, enter-
taining- readable newspaper; and when Mr. Buchanan became pro-



%4- HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTV.



prietor and editor of the Leader he ^ave it a new im])ctus in the lui.
of journalism, and it was at hig-h-water mark when hv sohl cut.

Minnehaha County Mail.— In 1885 Irvino- Bath canu- t<.Si..ll^
Falls with a newspaper plant and commenced the ])ul)licati(>n <•! :
Democratic weekly newspaper called the Minnehaha Count \ Mail
He published it for about two years and then sold it to a i)ers(.n b\
the name of Wherry, who published it for a while and then disix.sr.
of his interest. The only interesting*- feature in connection with thi-
paper during- its publication was its attack upon R. J. Wells; WelN
suit against Mr. Bath for damages; Bath's retraction of the charg. -
and the discontinuance of the suit. The final event of the Siou^
Falls career of this paper was its sale upon a chattel m or tgfagv oi
the 23d day of January, 1888, when it was bid in for the sum of S5<ii
by Mr. Bath, who shipped the plant away.

The Chuch News was established in Sioux Falls in Septembn-
1885. It was published monthly for several years in the interest "I*
the Protestant Episcopal church in South Dakota, and besides chur*. I |
news of a general character it contained the official notices and ;u |
counts of the Episcopal acts and visitations of Bishop Hare.

The Dakota Deutsche Zeitung was established in Sioux Fall-
in 1885, and its first number issued May 28, of that year, with Car \
Kleinpell as editor. It was published weekly in the German laii
guage, and was Democratic in politics. Mr. Kleini)ell remained edit..i
and publisher until 1888, when he sold the plant to Dr. Steinbach. '
who remained in control until it was purchased bv its present editoi
and proprietor, Peter F. Haas, in February 1890, who chang-ed thi
name of the paper to

Dakota Staats Zeitung.— Mr. Haas continued its publication
as a Democratic newspaper until 1894, when the fusion of the Demo-
cratic and Populist parties in South Dakota so disgrusted him that he
became a Republican, and his newspaper since that time has been a
supporter of the Republican party. The Zeitung- has a larg-e circula-
tion and is a prominent factor in the politics of this county and
vicinity.

The Sued Dakota Nachrichten was established at Mitchell,
S. D., in 1890, as a Democratic weekly newspaper, by Hermann Buti-
kofer and was printed in the German lang-uag-e. In January, 1896,
Mr. Butikofer moved the plant to Sioux Falls, and since then has
been publishing the Nachrichten at this place. The first issue was
on the 21st day of January, 1896. After coming- to Sioux Falls Mr.
liutikoter tor a short time associated with him in his newspaper
enterprise Paul B. Meyer, a gentleman quite well known in Minne-
haha county. The Nachrichten is receiving- from the German popula-
tion o± the county and other parts of the state a generous support.
n ^T^^ Dakota Bell, a humorous newspaper edited by Fred
^'^7 a/"'1.^''"'\^' Clover, was started in Sioux Falls elrlv in
i I?; ' 1 ;• u^'■''''J^ ^'?>'^ become quite famous as a humorous writer
while publishing the Estelline Bell at Estelline, S. D., and he re-
moved the plant to Sioux Falls and in connection with Mr. Clover



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY. 365



:ommenced the publication of the Dakota Bell. They were kindred
Upirits, and the Dakota Bell was full of fun while it lasted, but Sioux
Palls was too small for such treniuses and they were soon called into
lar<i-er field, and the plant was disposed of and left the city. The
.editors of the Dakota Bell have now lucrative positions upon metro-
politan newspapers.

The Sioux Falls Journal. — E. E. Griswold, the proprietor
ilfeind editor of the Dell Rapids Exponent, published at Dell Rapids,
>iTi()ved the plant to Sioux Falls in June, 1888, and commenced the
publication of The Sioux Falls Journal, but after a few issues Mr.
-iswold sold the Journal to C. H. Craig-, who published it a few
months and then sold the plant to J. T. Cog^an and A. O. Stebbins.
They remained proprietors of the same for about one year, and then
sold out to a syndicate, with the Rev. W. J. Skillman in editorial
harg-e. In October, 1893, Mr. Skillman bought the plant, and on
the 21st day of that month leased the same to E. E. Griswold, its
former proprietor, who continued the publication of the Journal,
until Aug-ust 1, 1894, when he sold the paper to Mark D. Scott, who
has since then been its editor and publisher. Mr. Scott is a great
local newsg-atherer, and during- the time it has been under his man-
agement, the columns of the Journal have been spicy, to say the least.
Mr. Scott has also fearlessly attacked the official acts of both city
ind county officials, and was instrumental in getting- the law settled
as to the compensation countv commissioners were entitled to receive
for their services. During the latter part of the presidential cam-
paign in 1896, Mr. Scott published a daily (sixty-two issues in all), but
on the 7th day of November, after it was known that McKinley had
been elected, it was discontinued.



Online LibraryDana Reed BaileyHistory of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. → online text (page 38 of 99)