Copyright
Dana Reed Bailey.

History of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. online

. (page 55 of 99)
Online LibraryDana Reed BaileyHistory of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. → online text (page 55 of 99)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


ville, Wisconsin, where he remained until he g-raduated in 1869. He



HISTORY OP xMINNEHAHA COUNTY. 551



then was employed for one year as principal of the public schools at
Horicon, Wisconsin, and held the same position at Darling-ton and
also at Delevan in that state. During- this time he had studied law,
and at the end of his career as a teacher he entered the law office of
Pitt Dewey at Lancaster. In the spring- of 1872, he was admitted to
the bar, and immediately thereafter started out on horseback in
search of a place in which to locate. He arrived in Sioux Falls the
hrst Sunday in June, and soon settled the question of residence in
favor of this place. He entered into a copartnership with R. P. Pet-
tig-rew for the practice of law and in the real estate business, which
continued until the fall of 1870. In 1877, in connection with Geo. M.
Smith, he established the Dakota Pantag-raph at Sioux Palls, but
sold out a few months after. Mr. Smith remained in copartnership
with Mr. Grig-sby for nearly six years, during- which time they
started the Bank of Eg-an, at Eg-an, South Dakota, with Mr. Grig-sby
as president for the first year. He also started the Union County
Bank at Elk Point, and was its first president; was one of the prin-
cipal promoters of the Dakota National Bank in Sioux Palls, and was
its first president. He has been very active in political life. In
1886, the Minnehaha county republican convention instructed its del-
eg-ates to the territorial congressional convention to present his name
to the convention for nomination. In 1886, he was a pronounced can-
didate for the cong-ressional nomination. The convention was held
at Watertown,and it was one of the notable conventions of territorial
days. He had a larg-e following- and nearly votes enoug-h to secure
the nomination. The same year he was elected to the territorial
council, and served in that capacity with marked ability. He was
elected alderman from the Third ward at the first city election in
1883, and the same year was a deleg-ate to the constitutional conven-
tion held at Sioux Palls, September 4. Up to the time of the hold-
ing- of the republican state convention in 1894, he had been a Repub-
lican, but not liking- the financial plank in the republican platform
he joined the Populists, believing- the free coinag-e of silver to be the
most important issue before the American people. He was nomi-
nated by the partv of his adoption for the state senate in 1894, but
went down before the republican majority which swept the political
ranks in Minnehaha county that year. In 1896 he was nominated on
the populist state ticket for attorney g-eneral. He stumped the state
for Bryan and free silver, and when the votes were canvassed he had
the pleasure of knowing- that he had more votes than any other candi-
date upon the ticket in his own county and in the state. He was
elected and performed the duties of his office until the war with
Spain broke out, when he promptly tendered his services to the g-ov-
ernment, asked for a colonel's commission and proposed to raise a
cavalry reg-iment of cowboys for the military service. April 11, he
went to Washing-ton, where he learned that a bill inspired by Theo-
dore Roosevelt was before Cong-ress providing- for the org-anization
of a reg-iment of cowboys. Seeing- that only one reg-iment of special
volunteers could be raised under the provisions of the bill, Grig-sby
had his friends among- the cong-ressmen during- the last forty minutes
Vjefore a vote was taken propose an amendment which was adopted



552 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



"authorizino- the secretary of war to organize companies, troops,
battalions or rejjfiments possessing- special qualifications from the
Nation at laro-e, inchidino- the appointment of the officers thereof."
This bill was passed on April 22, and a week later he received his
commission as colonel, with instructions to recruit the regiment of
the Third United States Volunteer Cavalry. His force was mus-
tered into service May 19, and the next day left for Chickamaug-a,
the southern rendezvous. This regiment, known as "Grigsby's
Cowboys" was a splendid regiment, and before long had the reputa-
tion of being the best drilled and equipped of any at the park, and
was frequently compared with Col. Roosevelt's regiment, known as
"Teddy's Terrors," who did valiant service in front of Santiago, and
made its colonel governor of New York. But, to the great dis-
appointment of not only Col. Grigsby but of the entire regiment, the
war was brought to a close without this reg-iment being ordered to
the front. But the promptness of Col. Grigsby in not only offering
his own services to the government, but in enlisting a body of men
inured to hardship, with superior qualifications for the service ex-
pected of them, is a tribute to his good judgment, courage and
patriotism that will not soon be forgotten in South Dakota. He was
popular with his men, and when the regiment was mustered out its
officers presented him with a beautiful sword. During his absence
at Chickamauga his son, Sioux K. Grigsby, as deputy attorney gen-
eral, attended to the duties of this office with great ability.

The foregoing comprises a brief sketch of the colonel up to date,
but when the time comes for the writing- of his obituary, many thing's
will undoubtedly have to be added to make his record complete.

Haas, Peter F., was born in Detroit, Michigan, April 9, 1852.
While a lad he attended the city. schools, and in 1874 was g-raduated
from the Northwestern coUeg-e at Napierville, Illinois. He then
taught school until 1878, studying law during the time. In 1879 he
was admitted to the bar, and practiced law at Grundy Center, Iowa,
until 1880. On the 22d day of February of that year he arrived at
Lennox, Lincoln county, Dakota, where he remained ten years, prac-
ticing law. In February, 1890, he purchased the Dakota Deutsche
Zeitung, published at Sioux Falls, and after changing- its name to
that of Dakota Staats Zeitung, has continued its publication to the
present time. Mr. Haas is quite an able editorial writer, and is not
only a good newspaper m:in but also a good citizen and takes an active
part in all local matters.

Rt. Rev. W. H. Hare, D. D., Missionary Bishop of South
Dakota, took up a profession which had been a favorite one with his
ancestors and connections. His father was the Rev. Georg-e Emlen
Hare, D. D., LL. D., late professor in the Philadelphia Divinity
school, and was one of the American committee on the revision of
the Authorized Version of the Bible. His grandfather, on his
mother's side, was the celebrated Bishop Hobart, of New York;
his great-grandfather, the Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D. D.,
famous as one of the stanchest churchmen of Colonial days. His
wife, who died a few years after their marriage, was a daughter of




Rt. Rev. W. H. Hare, D. D.



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY. 555



the Rt. Rev. M. A. DeWitt Howe, Bishop of Central Pennsylvania,
bv his first wife, Julia Amory.

Bishop Hare was born in Princeton, New Jersey, May 17, 1838.
He took Holy Orders in the Episcopal church as soon as his ag-e per-
mitted, being- ordained Deacon June 19, 1859, and Priest Mav 25,
1862. After holding- two parochial cures he was appointed secretar\-
and g-eneral ag-ent of Poreig-n Missionary work of the Episcopal
church. After he had been eng-ag-ed in this work for a year, the
House of Bishops in the general convention of 1871 nominated him to
the House of Deputies for the Missionar}' Bishoprick of Cape Pal-
mas, on the west coast of Africa, but withdrew their nomination on
the earnest representations of the deputies that his services were in-
valuable to the church in the office which he held.

A year later. All Saints Day, 1872, however, the Bishops elected
him Missionary Bishop of Niobrara, that being- for ecclesiastical pur-
poses the name of a missionary district of the church in Dakota
chiefly occupied by wild Indian tribes.

He was consecrated in St. Luke's church, Philadelphia, Januarv
9, 1873, being- next in order in the line of Bishops to his father-in-
law. Bishop Howe, and the one-hundreth Bishop in the American
line.

On the 10th day of January, 1888, the fifteenth anniversary of
Bishop Hare's consecration was celebrated in Sioux Palls. Services
were held in Calvary Cathedral, on which occasion the Bishop g-ave a
brief account of his election as Missionary Bishop and the work he
had done in performing- the duties of this important office. The
writer at the time was g-reatly impressed with the idea that no per-
son situated as Bishop Hare was at the time of his election, possess-
ing- such rare qualities to command the most desirable positions in
his chosen profession, could possibly have accepted the oifice, advised
as he was of its privations and hardships, except from a ])rofound
sense that duty called him to make the sacrifice.

This address was published at the time, and the writer, recently
reviewing- it, came to the conclusion that he could do no better ser-
vice to the readers of this work than to g-ive them the main facts in
the langfuag-e of the disting-uished prelate, who has done so much to
advance civilization in the territory over which he was called to
minister. The Bishop spoke in substance as follows:

This anniversary, which you, my dear friends, have kindly come
together to make memorable, seems not only to justify, but to invite
from me some personal reminiscences and some retrospective glances
at the work in which as a Bishop I have been engaged.

On all Saints Day (Nov. 1), 1872, I was waited upon by the niem-
bers of the Commission then charged with the care of the Church
Indian Mission work, and informed that the House of Bishops had
elected me to be Missionary Bishop of Niobrara.

Niobrara was the name of a river running along the border line
between Nebraska and Dakota, and had been chosen as a convenient
term in Ecclesiastical nomenclature for the larg-e tract of country of
which then little was known, save that it stretched northward from
the river Niobrara, and was roamed over by the Poncas and different
tribes of Sioux and Dakota Indians.



556 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



The Jurisdiction proper of the Missionary Bishop of Niobrara
was orig-inally a tract of country bounded "on the east by the Mis-
souri river; on the south bv the State of Nebraska; on the west by
the .104th Meridian, the Territory of Wyoming- and Nebraska; on the
north by the 46th degree of north latitude; including- also the several
Indian Reservations on the left bank of the Missouri, north and east
of said river." In order to give unity and compactness to the effort
of the church for the Indian tribes, the Missionary Bishop of Niob-
rara was also authorized to take charge of the Rocky Mountains, as
might be transferred to his oversight by the Bishops within whose
Jurisdiction such work might lie.

The news was utterly unexpected, and fell upon me like a thun-
derbolt from a clear sky. The honor was almost too much for my
small stock of virtue. I was at the time Secretary and General
Agent of the Foreign Mission Work of this Church, and deeply im-
mersed, body, mind and heart in the work of making known the
Gospel among- the heathen in distant lands. "'• •" '' ■■

Mv first thought was to decline; and I informed my visitors that
it would take me but a few hours to decide, and that if the House of
Bishops would remain in session, they should have my answer without
delay. But the House had done its duty and adjourned, and left me
to decide what was mine. The call was most solemn. It was from
an authority that was next to that of the Head of the Church Himself.
It came to one who held the opinion that the opposition of the indi-
vidual judgment and will to the summons of the Church is almost
fatal to her prompt and efficient conduct of her Missionary campaign,
and should never be ventured except for reasons of paramount im-
portance.

As I afterwards came to see, I had been led through a course of
preparation for such a summons. Though born and bred at the East,
I had spent six months in Michigan and Minnesota, 1863, and there
seen something of the Indian problem.

I had seen that there was nothing in the van of civilization to
ameliorate the condition of the Red man, because the van of civiliza-
tion is often its vilest offscourings; that its first representatives gen-
erally despise the Indians, and condescend to them in nothing but
the gratification of inordinate appetites and desires; and that when
civilization of a better class appears, it is too often so bent on its ow n
progress, and so far from helpful or kindly, that its advance, like that
of a railroad train at full speed, dashes in pieces those unlucky wan-
derers W'ho happen to stand in its way, and leaves the others with
only a more discouraging sense of the length of the road, and the
slowness with w^hich they make their way along it. " ^^ * * ''■

I thought then, I think now, that good and patriotic men cannot
blink the Indian problem. It stares them in the face. If ever the
warning of the wise man be in season, it is in this case. "If thou
forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those that are
ready to be slain; if thou say est. Behold, we knew it not; doth not He
that pondereth the heart consider it? and He that keepeth thy soul,
doth not he know^ it? and shall not He render to every man accord-
ing to his works?"



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY. Oo7



Discussions of the probable futvire of the Indians were, it seemed
to rae, beside the question, and dang-erous because they drown the
call of present duty. Suppose these people be desi<j-ned by Providence
to be hewers of wood and drawers of water. Our dutv is to lit them
for that lot. Suppose that they are to be merg-ed in our more numer-
ous race. Our duty is to fit them for that absorption by intermar-
riag-e, and so arrest the present vicious interming-ling-. Suppose that
they are to die out. Our duty is to prepare them for their departure.
Our duty is the plainer, because the treatment which will lit these
people for any one of these lots will fit them for either of the others.

The issue of all my cogitating- was — I accepted the appointment.

The presiding- Bishop determined upon Thursday after the Feast
of the Epiphany, January 9th, 1873, as the time, and St. Luke's
church, Philadelphia, with which I had been intimately connected in
my early ministry, as the place for my consecration, and I was then
and there duly consecrated. '" ■•'' "'■ '" '• "■'" *

My grandfather, Bishop Hobart of New York, had been distin-
guished for his missionary efforts in behalf of the Indians, theOneidas
and other tribes of the Six Nations in New York, and these Oneidas
had been removed to Wisconsin, and were to be placed under the
care of his grandson. In fact, my first visitation on leaving the East
was to the Oneida Mission. Many whom Bishop Hobart confirmed
in New York state fifty years before, brought their g-randchildren to
be confirmed by his grandson.

VISIT TO THE INDIAN TERRITORY.

I was desirous of studying the condition of the semi-civilized In-
dians before going to the wilder tribes of the Northwest, and there-
fore first made a visit to the Indian Territory of the Southwest.
While I was oi route, the whole country was plung-ed into a frenzy of
excitement, and of denunciation of the whole Indian race, by the
Modoc massacre, and the mouths of many sober men were filled with
calls for revenge, such as at other times they were wont to denounce
as the characteristic of the vindictive Sioux. The general of the
army telegraphed a subordinate that he would be "fully justified in
the utter extermination " of the Modocs. Friends wrote me that a
blow had been struck at all efforts for the Indians which was simply
fatal, conclusive; and that it would be folly in me to persist. I
pressed on, nevertheless, only lamenting that the treachery of a
hcDidfiil of Indians was allowed by an intelligent people to g-overn
opinion, while the good behavior of tens of thousands of Indians was
utterly forgotten.

From the Indian Territorv I made my way to Dakota, like ^Vbra-
ham, who wentout not knowing whither he went. I reached Yankton
City, April 29, 1873. A military officer, to whom I was there intro-
duced as being the Missionary Bishop to the Indians, somewhat
bluntly replied: "Indeedl I don't envy you your task." I recalled
the words, "Let not him who putteth on his armor boast himself as
he that putteth it off," and simply replied, "A minister, like a mili-
tary ofticer, obeys orders." Whatever was uncertain, I was at least
sure of my commission. ******



558 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



THE NIOBRARA MISSION.

Prom Yankton I passed up the Missouri river, along- which the
main body of the missionary enterprise of our church among- the In-
dians was then located. I found that missionar}^ work had been es-
tablished on the Santee, Yankton, and Ponca Reserves, and three
brave young- deacons, fresh from the Berkeley Divinity School, had
the previous fall, pressed up the river and beg-un the task of opening-
the way for missionary effort among- the Indians of the Lower Brule,
the Crow Creek and the Cheyenne River Reserves.

Altogether there were, besides three natives, live white clergy-
men and five ministering- women. I could not then, I cannot now,
admire enoug-h the courag-e with which these Soldiers of Christ had
entered upon the work and the fortitude with which they persevered
in it. Their entrance upon it was larg-ely, of necessity, a leap in the
dark, and their continuance in it a g-roping- where there was no light
and no trodden way. They had made the wild man their companion,
an unknown heathenism their field of labor, and the wilderness their
home. Nor could I but wonder at the g-rand faith, the dauntless
conviction of duty and the tremendous moral energ-y of the one man
— William Welsh — who had both excited and backed their efforts by
his zeal, his counsel and his wealth.

The missionaries above referred to have since been joined by
others of like spirit with the best of them. They deserve the en-
comium which I admiring-ly bestowed upon them in one of my annual
reports; '"Brave leaders in the van-gfuard of civilization! Patient
pioneers removing- prejudices and other obstructions, and preparing-
the way for day schools and boarding- schools and all the g-ood thing-s
that accompany the prog-ress of the King-! Faithful g-uides, too, to
the Indians amidst the perplexities which surround them, especially
as they pass throug-h their present transition stag-e. "

But what about the Indians? I had read much of what had been
written by delig-hted visitors of the heartiness and reverence with
which the services of the church were rendered by these humble peo-
ple. And all that was ever written I found more than realized, when
it was my privileg-e to kneel with them in their little sanctuaries. I
could understand how the brave, self-denying- missionaries to whom
I had come could feel reg-arding- their converts as the Apostle ex-
claims, "What thanks can we render to God for all the joy where-
with we joy for your sakes before our God?" I found that a g-reat
deal of true and effective work had been done — work which affected
the whole after history of the Mission.

It was not long- before I saw both sides of Indian life. The bet-
ter side: Said a shrewd christian Yankton chief, as I was about to
leave the rude chapel erected among- his people: "Stop, friend, I
have a few words to say. I am g-lad to hear you are going- to visit
the wild, upper tribes. Companies of them often come down to visit
my band, and I always take them to see this chapel. I think a good
deal depends upon the impression my chapel makes on them. I
think if it was put in better order it would make a better impression
than it does. The rain and snow come through the roof. This floor



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY, 55'.)



is not even. Now, you are called an Apostle. That is a good name.
I believe it means, 'one sent.' But there are many people to whom
you are sent to whom you cannot go; for they are wild people. But
these visitors of mine go everywhere and tell everywhere what they
have seen." The wilder side, too, I saw; for among the Lower
Brules, a fellow rode up by the side of our party with an airy, reck-
less, dare-devil manner, and remarked, as he flourished his weapon:
"I want my />oy to go to school, but /am an ohf nuDi. I am wounded
all o\er. 1 like to light. I love war. I went off the other day among
some strange Indians. They said: 'Cxo away, or we'll kill you.'
'Kill away,' said I, 'that's what I like.' " He was a type of hundreds
and thousands. But is it an unheard-of-thing for white men to hate
the restraints of religion and morality for themselves, and vet wish
them for their children?

The scenes grew wilder as I pushed farther on. A service held
at the Cheyenne River Agency, in the open air, left a deep impression
on my mind. It was a strang-e scene. In front of us, forty or fifty
feet distant, rolled the Missouri River. Nearer at hand, grouped in
a semi-circle, fringed with a few curious soldiers and employes of
the Agency, sat the Indians; many bedecked with paint and feathers
and carrying guns and tomahawks; some in a somber g-uise, betoken-
ing- that they were inclining to the white man's ways; while all gazed,
apparently half amused, half awe-struck, at the vested Missionary of
the station as he sang the hymns and offered the prayers of the
church, and then at the Indian Deacon and at me as we spoke the
words of life.

PLANS OF WORK.

After a study of the field, and much conversation with theclerg-y,
I reached some conclusions and began to lay out settled plans of work.

First — Mapping out the field. I soon saw that my work was not
to be that of a settled pastor in daily contact with his flock; but that
of a general superintendent whose duty it would be to reach the
people through their pastors, not so much to do local work, as to
make local work possible and easy for others.

The whole field w^as therefore mapped out into divisions, these
divisions being ordinarily the territory connected with a United
States Indian Agency. The special care of each of them was en-
trusted to one experienced Presbyter, and around him were grouped
the Indian ministers and catechists, and others who were eng"ig-ed in
evangelistic work wnthin his division. Their pay I arrang-ed should
pass to them not directly from me, or from the board, but through
the hands of the Presbyters immediately over them, that the respon-
sibility of the assistants to their chief might be duly felt. The
assistants were to reside near their several chapels and conduct the
services there, and monthly the chief missionary was to make his
visitation, for the purpose of ministering the word and sacraments,
and in inspecting the condition of his field. The whole field was soon,
in this way put in manageable shape.

Seeoud — Boarding- Schools. My visit to the Indian territory
and my study of the Indian problem in my own field, convinced me



560 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



quite early that the boarding- school ouo-ht to be one of the most
prominent features of our missionary work.

I thoug-ht that children o-athered in such schools would soon be-
come, in their neat and orderly appearance, their increasing- intelli-
o-ence, and their personal testimony to the loving- and disinterested
lives of the missionaries with whom they dwelt, living- epistles, known
and read of their wilder brethren. They would form the nuclei of
cong-reg'ations at the chapels connected with the schools, and learn to
carry on with spirit the responses and music of the services.

I also proposed to establish a central boarding- school of hig-her
g-rade, at the place of the bishop's residence, to be conducted under
his immediate supervision, to which the other schools should be trib-
utary by furnishing- their most promising- boys for education as
teachers, cathechists, and missionaries.

The plan was carried out, and thus g-rew up the St. Paul's, St.
Mary's, St. John's, and Hope Indian boarding- schools, which, under
their respective heads, have won a deservedly hig-h reputation. St.
Paul's boarding- school was the first venture in this line, among- the
Indians in South Dakota.

The last feature of the plan was modihed later when the estab-
lishment at the East of schools for the Indians, like Hampton Insti-
tute, offered peculiar advantag-es in the way of hig-her education. It



Online LibraryDana Reed BaileyHistory of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. → online text (page 55 of 99)