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Dana Reed Bailey.

History of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. online

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Online LibraryDana Reed BaileyHistory of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. → online text (page 56 of 99)
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seemed wiser to send out of the Indian country, to these schools, the
pupils who had proved themselves of most promise and most likely to
develop into teachers and ministers.

Third — Limitation. I next realized that, as no man can do
everything-, I must eliminate from my plan of work those thing's
which it was not absolutely necessary for me to do, and devote my
attention to those things which no one else could or would do, and to
the things most essential in one holding- the position and placed in
the conditions in which I found myself.

There stretched before me vast tracts of wild country inhabited
by roaming tribes. It was to be my duty to explore them and make
a way for the entrance of the church. There were in the whole dis-
trict but five churches and but two dwellings for the missionaries,
and not a single boarding school. The missionary board employed
no business agent in the field, and I saw that I must be a builder of
parsonages, schools, and churches. There were but seven clergy-
men in the mission; I saw that I must seek out, or raise up, more.
Obstacles of varied and peculiar nature met the workers at every
turn. I saw that I must be their friend, counsellor, and comforter
— a real pastor of pastors — if I could be. Large funds would be
needed. I was made to feel that it was left largely to me to raise
them. "The mission had two ends," I was told; "one was in the
East, where the money was, and the other was in the Indian Terri-
tory, where the work was. I was expected to look after both ends."

I gave up, therefore, all thought of ever learning the several na-
tive languages with which I was confronted, except so far as neces-
sary in order to read the vernacular service. It is mv associates,
and not I, who have mastered the native languag-es, and proclaimed it
to the Indians, in their own tongue, the wonderful works of God. * '^



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY 561



From the first, I strug-g-led ag-ainst the notion that we were mis-
sionaries to Indians alone and not missionaries to all men; I pressed
the study of the Eng-lish lang"iug-e and its conversational use in our
schools, and, however imperfect my eiforts, the aim of them has been
to break down "the middle wall of the partition" between whites
and Indians, and to seek not the welfare of one class or race, but the
commo)! g-ood.

NATURE OF THE MISSION UNDERTAKING.

The character of the work to be done appears from the fact that
the Indians with whom the Mission has to deal, were some of the
most reckless and the wildest of our North American tribes, and
scattered over a district some parts of which were twelve days'
travel distant from others. So desolate was the country that on one
of my trips I remember not seeing- a human face or a human habita-
tion, not even an Indian lodg-e, for eigdit days. Emissaries of evil had
reached the Indians long- before the missionaries of the Cross ap-
peared. "All the white men that came before you," replied a chief,
"said that they had come to do us g-ood, but they stole our g-oods and
corrupted our women; and how are we to know that you are dif-
ferent?"

RESULTS.

Such were some of the difficulties, but notwithstanding- them all,
and despite all shortcomingfs, the missionaries have penetrated the
most distant camps and reached the wildest of the tribes. We have
missions now among- the Sissetons, Wahpetons, Blackfeet, Sans
Arcs, Oncpapas, Minneconjoux, Two Kettles, Upper Brules, and
Og-alalas.

The blessing- which has attended the labors of the missionaries
appears from the fact that in 1872 there were but six cong-reg-ations,
and in 1887, there are forty-five.

Twelve years ag-o there was not to be found among- any of these
Indians, a singfle boarding- school! We have now four in successful
operation, with about forty children in each.

We have three commodious, substantial, boarding- school build-
ing-s, the fourth is conducted in a g-overnment building- and a vast
and once desolate country is dotted over with thirty neat churches
and chapels, and eig-hteen small but comfortable mission residences.
Xo recess in the wilderness is so retired that you may not, perhaps,
find a little chapel in it. All these building-s have been erected with-
out g-overnment subsidies, by the g;ifts of g-enerous friends.

The clerg-y have presented for confirmation during- my Episco-
pate, nearlv fifteen hundred candidates; seven faithful Indians are
serving- in the sacred ministry, four having- died; and the offering's of
our native Christians have increased since we were able to make a
systematic effort in this behalf, as indicated in the following- state-
ment:



1881 S 585

1882 'X>0

1883 1,217

1884 - - .. - 1,514



1885 -SI, 801

1886.:.- - - 2,000

1887 2,500



562 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



The money for all the thirty churches and eighteen parsonag-es
referred to above, except three, passed throug-h my hands, and the
biiilding-s were put up under my supervision. I know, therefore,
their condition, and am glad to report that they are all of them en-
't\v<^\\ free from oicnmbrauce (Did debt of any kind, except one of the
Santee chapels, on which the Western Church Building- society holds
a mortg-ag-e of SIOO.

AN EASTERN DEANERY.

If I had not discovered it before, the events of 1875 made it plain
that I should soon be the messenger of the church to white people as
well as Indians.

The discovery of g"old, in 1875, in a part of the great Sioux res-
ervation known as the Black Hills, set a large part of our western
population aflame, and hundreds of adventurers during that year, in
open violation of the law and the proclamation of the executive, in-
vaded this portion of the Indian's land and took possession of it.

I was outspoken in denunciation of this flag-rant violation of the
sacred obligations of a great to a weak people. I foresaw, however,
that no power on earth could shut our white people out from that
country if it reallv contained valuable deposits of gold or other min-
eral. I went, therefore, to Washington and urged upon the presi-
dent that a commission of experts should be sent out to explore the
country, and that, should they report the presence of gold, steps
should be taken to secure a surrender of the tract in question from
the Indians, on equitable terms. This was eventually done.

The government had at first been prompt and decided in requiring
the removal of intruders; then it weakened and prevaricated; and
soon the desire for the acquisition of this country was so ardent and
influential that the government was practically driven to negotiate
with the Indians to secure a voluntary sale of the coveted territory,
as the only resort from the danger of a popular movement which
should snatch it from them by force.

The Black Hills were thus thrown open to settlement, and I made
there my first effort in the line of establishing the church among the
white people of Dakota.

In 1883 an important step was taken by the House of Bishops,
which gave my missionary district its present size and shape. The
house passed the following- resolutions:

Resolved, That the boundaries of the Missionarv Jurisdiction of
Niobrara be so changed as to make it identical in outline and area
with that portion of the Territory of Dakota lying south of thefort\-
sixth parallel of latitude, and so as to include the Santee Indian res-
ervation in Nebraska.

Resolved, That the name of this jurisdiction l)e chang-ed from
Niobrara to South Dakota.

The change was altogether acceptable to me. It was an evidence
of confidence at a time when a number of influences and schemes, to
whose success my presence and continuance in office were a menace,
had combined against me, and had culminated in an onslaug-ht which
had met a temporary success. The change detached from my dis-



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY 563



trict, territory on the north, remote, and, to me, difficult of access,
and it t^ave me country on the east, near at hand and on the line of
railroads, thus making- it possible for me to do twice the amount of
work with little increase of travel or labor, and it g-ave me the op-
portunity and privilege of active intercourse with the people who are
to control the destiny of this part of our land, a people of high intel-
lig-ence and wonderful enterprise.

I received a cordial welcome to the new part of my field, from the
clerg-y and the people. If preferences had been thwarted by my ap-
pointment, the fact was kindh^ forgotten, or considerately hidden
from my e3'e. I had soon met each and ever}' one of the missionaries
in their respective fields and drunk in their counsel. All felt cheered
that the Church had at last brought the Mission in Dakota out from
a corner, and all had a mind to work. " ''• '' *

I found the condition of the new district assigned me that of de-
pression. Dakota, in the days of its quickest g-rowth, had been
allowed to remain as an appendage to Nebraska — of itself a huge dio-
cese — and dragg-ed after a Bishop whose rare gifts of mind and heart
were overtaxed by the imperative demands of his own diocese. When
opportunities had been great and others had been busy, our church
had been comparatively inactive.

I thought that some one palpable want should be met in some
distinct, striking way, met immediately, met \jell, met completely. If
this were done, it would show that, notwithstanding- past inactivity,
we were ready to make brave ventures and could do good thing's well.
It would thus inspire enthusiasm and confidence.

With this end in view, All Saints School was undertaken. I
hoped to be able to push it to completion without delay, to make it a
building- which would attract the eye and win admiration, and dedi-
cate it free from any and every kind of lien and encumbrance. The
enterprising- and g-enerous spirit of the people of Sioux Palls, and
the munificient gifts of friends at the East, enabled me_to carry out
my design. The corner stone was laid September, 1885, and stands
to-day, with the five-acre tract on which it is placed, free from en-
cumbrance of every kind. Better than this, a faculty has been drawn
thither which, in fhe best spirit, works together harmoniously and
efficiently, toward noble ends, in the development of the mind and
character of the young-.

More important, however, than this enterprise, though not a
work that could be taken in hand and completed with dispatch like
a building, was the reinforcement of the little band of faithful clergy.
There were but nine in the whole Eastern Deanery, and one of these
was preparing to withdraw. The securing of clerg-ymen has been
my most difficult task. There was but little, in a worldly way, to
offer. '■• * '"

Nevertheless, my call was listened to, and there is nothing in my
work which gives me so much comfort, and so much makes me think
I may bs good for something-,, as the character of the clergymen who
have joined our ranks.

I begin to have a feeling that, whatever difficulties are ahead, we
are dear brethren, "out of the woods." We know what we have to



564 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



do. We are resolved to do it. We feel the glow, at least sometimes,
of new life. We are making headway. The accession to our ranks
of eleven valuable clergymen; the building of eight churches, five
more being under way; the erection of three rectories; the passage
of three missions from a state of dependence into a condition of self-
support; the establishment of a boarding school of high grade, and
the erection of a noble building for its use, tell their own conclusive
storv.

CONCLUSION.

For all this work in both Deaneries, and for all that the clergy
and my other fellow workers have done to effect it, I am profoundly
thankful. I am not elated. One of my maxims has always been the
quaint old saying: "In woe, hold out; in joy, hold in."

As I look back upon the past, there rise up before ray mind's
eye, periods of phvsical inability which must have made me seem a
dVag upon the enterprises of my brethren, and must have sorely
taxed their patience; shortcomings so grevious that I must have
seemed a cumberer of the ground; want of thoughtfulness for my as-
sociates, which must have made them think me hard-hearted. I can
only say, "Enter not into judgment with thy servant, O Lord, for in
thy sight shall no man living be justified." '" " "'•"

Since the deliverv of the foregoing address, in addition to his
work in South Dakota, Bishop Hare has spent several months in
active work in Japan. He was elected on February 4, 1891, by the
House of Bishops, by a unanimous vote, to proceed as early as possi-
ble to the Empire of Japan as its accredited representative in all
matters and for all purposes that might arise, but especially to exer-
cise such charge and oversight of the missionary jurisdiction of
Yeddo as mig'ht be practicable, and to act provisionally until a bishop
should be elected and consecrated for such jurisdiction, or until he
should resign his commission. This action by the House of Bishops
was heartily indorsed by the Board of Managers of the Domestic and
Foreign Missionary Society.

Although at this time the South Dakota Mission under his charge
was passing through a depressing ordeal, resulting from an out-
break of the Indians in the Niobrara Deanery, and a severe drought
in the Eastern Deanery, Bishop Hare, in compliance with what he
thought to be his duty, set sail from San Francisco on the 10th dav
of March, 1891, and returned to Sioux Falls on the 20th day of Au-
gust, following, having spent the months of April, May, June and
July in active work in the field. In January, 1892, he ag-ain went to
Japan, remaining there until March 2, then visited China, and re-
turned to Japan, March 25, and after holding a convocation at Tokio,
set sail for San Francisco, March 31, 1892. During- his stay in Japan
he confirmed four hundred and fifteen persons, licensed upward of
thirty Catechists, and ordained six Deacons.

This commission to Bishop Hare was a great compliment, com-
ing from the source it did and the manner in which it was conferred.

Another very appropriate and beautiful compliment was paid the
■ Bishop at the great triennial convention of the Episcopal church held
at Washington, D. C, in October, 1898. In commemoration of the



HISTORY OP MINNEHAHA COUNTY. 505



twenty-fifth anniversary of his consecration, and the o-reat work per-
formed by him among- the Indians, he was presented with a "Loving-
Cup " eng-raved as follows: "The Rig-ht Reverend William Hobart
Hare, D. D. From Friends Who Love Him. 1873-1898." It is a
silver cup, or urn, with three handles, and stands eleven inches hig-h,
with a width of six and a half inches at the brim, and a depth of nine
inches to the bowl.

It would not be just to the Bishop, to omit mentioning- the stand
he has taken upon the question of divorce. He has not only from the
pulpit severely criticised the laws of South Dakota in reference to
divorce, but has during- the sessions of the leg-islature visited Pierre
and broug-ht his g-reat influence to bear upon the pending- leg-islation
in reference to the subject. He is the recog-nized leader of those
persons in South Dakota who are opposed to the enactment of such
laws as would induce parties desiring- a divorce to take up a tempo-
rary residence within her borders for such purpose.

In concluding- this biog-raphical sketch, it is a pleasure to add
that his multitude of friends in South Dakota are rejoiced that the
g-ood Bishop, notwithstanding- the severe hardships and exposures en-
dured by him, still retains such a measure of health and vig-or as to
warrant the expectation that he will, for many years to come, be
spared to work in the g-reat field committed to his charg-e.

Harris, Joshua B., was born at Franconia, Grafton county. New
Hampshire. He attended common schools and worked on a farm un-
til twenty-one years of ag-e, and then went to New^ York city where
he remained four years when he returned to his old home and worked
on his father's farm tw^o years. In 1852 went to Watertown, Wis-
consin, where he remained two years and then took up and lived on a
farm in Gooodhue county, Minnesota, four years. In 1858 he went
to Colorado, where he resided until 1861, then returned to Wiscon-
sin and in October of that year enlisted in Co. D, l()th Wisconsin,
and served throug-h the war. He held a non-commissioned office in
his company at the time of his discharg-e. At the close of the war he
returned to Watertown, Wis., and resided there three years, and
then went to Owatonna, Minnesota, where he lived until he removed to
this county, arriving- in Sioux Falls on the 20th da}^ of March, 1877.
He took up a homestead in Welling-ton township, where he resided
four years and then removed to Sioux Falls. On the 1st day of Feb-
ruary, 1893 he went to the Soldiers' Home, and in 1895 was appointed
serg-eant at the home, which position he still holds. His family re-
sides in the city of Sioux Falls. He is an honest, uprig-ht man, and
a g-ood citizen.

Harrison, Charles M., was born in Spring-field, Ohio, June 22,
1857. In his early youth he attended the common schools and then
entered Moore Hill Colleg-e, where he was g-raduated on his seven-
teenth birthday. He then studied law, was admitted to the bar, and
practiced his profession at Lebanon, Indiana, until he removed to
Dakota. He located at Huron on the 17th day of February, 1882, as
the manag-er of the F. T. Day Loan Ag-ency, and remained there in
that capacity ten years. He was a member of the house of represen-
tatives of the South Dakota leofislature in 1891. On the 15th dav of



566 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



April, 1893, he removed to Sioux Palls and opened a real estate and
loan office. He is the g-eneral manag-er of the loan department of the
Connecticut General Life Insurance Company of Hartford, Conn.,
for the states of Minnesota and South Dakota. Mr. Harrison is a
wide-awake business man, an enterpising- citizen and has a wide cir-
cle of warm friends.

Hawkins, Robert C, was born at Plattsburg-, Clinton county.
New York, July 23, 1825; removed to Illinois in 1844, and from there
to Richland Centre, Wisconsin, a few years after, where he eng-ag-ed
in farming- and worked at his trade of mason. While there, held sev-
eral local official positions, was chairman of the town board of super-
visors, town clerk, town treasurer, chairman of the county board,
justice of the peace and sheriff of Richland county one term. After
the breaking- out of the war in 1861 he raised the first company from
Richland county and went out as captain of Co. H, 5th Wisconsin and
served nearly two years, when he was discharg-ed, owing- to disabili-
ties contracted in the service.

Soon after the close of the war he removed to Woodstock, Wis.,
where he engag-ed in the mercantile business; came to Sioux Palls
in September, 1872, and worked at his trade for two or three, months.
His last job was at Joseph Davenport's place, where he was compell-
ed to remain two or three days after his work was done, owing- to a
blizzard. He soon after started for Wisconsin, via St. Paul, and was
a week getting- to that city. He finally arrived in Wisconsin and on
the 23d day of December married Harriet Albertson. The following-
spring- (1873), returned to Sioux Palls, where he has since resided.
He took up a homestead in Wayne, the south half of the southeast
one-fourth of section 33 and the south half of the southwest one-
fourth of section 34, which he now owns. He worked at his trade for
about two years, in Sioux Palls; in 1874 was elected justice of the
peace and held that office, except one term, until elected police jus-
tice when the city was incorporated in 1883, and held this office until
April, 1894. He has also held the office of probate judge of Minne-
haha county eight years. He is well known in Masonic circles, and
the prosperity of this order in Sioux Palls is in no small measure
due to his untiring zeal in its behalf. He is highlv respected as a
neighbor and citizen.

HiGBY, George M., was born at Shelburne Falls, Massachu-
setts, December 20, 1854. In his early youth he attended the pul)lic
schools, but was thrown upon his own resources to obtain a liveli-
hood when less than fifteen years old. In 1870, he went into the em-
ploy of the Estey Organ Company located at Brattleboro, Vermont,
and remained with them until he removed to Sioux Palls in January,
1890. While a resident of Brattleboro he was one of the trustees of
the village for three vears, auditor seven years, and treasurer and
clerk two years; the two last named offices he resigned when he went
West. Prom 1890, until 1894, he was eng-ag-ed in stenographic work-
in connection with E. P. White. Upon Judg-e Jones assuming- the
duties of circuit judge he received the appointment of stenographer
for the circuit court in the second judicial circuit, which position he
now holds. He is a g-ood citizen, and makes a good official.



HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY. 567



Herron, Prank G., was born at La Crosse, Wis., Aug-ust 16,
1857; moved with his parents to Topeka, Kansas, and from there to
Ohio, and from Ohio to Indianola, Iowa, in 1869; was educated in the
public schools, and commenced to learn the printer's trade in 1874,
which occupation he has since followed. On the 18th day of July,
1888, came to Sioux Falls, and was employed as foreman by Sam T.
Clover, in his printing- establishment, and remained as such until T.
H. Brown went into the printing- business when he became his fore-
man, and has held the same position with Brown & Saeng-er since
the firm was established. He is a member of the A. O. U. W., the
Typog-raphical Union, and the Royal Arcanum, of which he is also
the secretary. Mr. Herron is socially up to the standard, is a pleas-
ant man to do business with, and is a hig-hly respected citizen.

HiNDE, Edmund C, was born in Eng-land June 16, 1854; received
a classical education, and upon attaining- his majority entered the
civil service as assistant auditor in the post office department, where
he remained several years; came to the United States in 1886, and
eng-ag-ed in farming- in Minnesota until the fall of 1892, when he came
to Sioux Falls; in February, 1893, was employed in the county treas-
urer's office as bookkeeper, and just before the close of Charles L.
Norton's term as county treasurer in 1894, was appointed deputv
treasurer, which position he held for a few months under John
Mundt's administration, and then ag-ain became the bookkeeper of
the office. Soon after Mr. Lang-ness assumed the office of county
treasurer, he was ag-ain appointed deputy treasurer, and has held
that position since then. Mr. Hinde is a g-entleman on all occasions,
and is popular with the people with whom he has business relations.
He is hig-hly respected as a citizen.

HoDGE, George Albert, is a native of Ontario county, N. Y.,
and was born March 28, 1808. He attended school and worked on a
farm until fourteen years old, when he commenced work at the black-
smith's trade. Upon attaining- his majority he eng-ag-ed in black-
smithing- in his native state for several years, and then moved to
Salem, Kenosha county. Wis., where he continued in the same busi-
ness until he had fully completed forty years in this trade. He was
postmaster at Salem eig-ht years; justice of the peace twenty-two
years, and held other town offices. After leaving- Salem he resided
in Chicag-o three years, and at Freeport, 111., and Sioux City, la., for
a short time. He came to this county and located at Sioux Falls De-
comber 29, 1879, where he has since resided. Notwithstanding- his
g-reat ag-e he is frequently seen upon the streets, and the elasticity
of his step and his general bearing- would indicate that he was twenty
years young-er than his actual ag-e. He is a hig-hly respected citizen.

Hollistj:r, Frederick H., was born in Rockford, Illinois, Au-
g-ust 21, 1865. He attended the public schools and completed his
education at a business college, where he was g-raduated. In 1888
he came to Sioux Falls, and with his brother, W. C, eng-ag-ed in the
loan business. When the State Banking- and Trust company was
organized he became its cashier, and has remained as such since that
time. He is a first-class business man and a popular citizen.



568 HISTORY OF MINNEHAHA COUNTY.



HoLLiSTER, William C, is a native of Rockton, Illinois, and
was born on the 18th day of November, 1863. He was educated in
the city schools and at a commercial colleg-e in Milwaukee, AViscon-
sin. In June, 1881, he came to Sioux Palls and went into the First



Online LibraryDana Reed BaileyHistory of Minnehaha county, South Dakota. Containing an account of its settlements, growth, development and resources ... Synopsis of public records, biographical sketches .. → online text (page 56 of 99)