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second division commanded by Captain Johnson Proctor (appointed
25 April. 1796) until 16 Jan., 1801, preserved among the records
in the Adj. Gen. Dept. is evidently the record of King's company
subsequent to his retirement from command. It furnishes the
names of a few of the enlisted men, of which the following occur
from 1796 to 1817 ; Jona. Procter, Nathaniel Felton, John Gardner.
Henry Williams, Aaron Marsh, Andrew Monroe, Ebenezer Moulton,
John Felton, James Procter, Thomas H. Marsh, Daniel Brown,
Amos King, 3d, Samuel Newel, Henry Douty, Solomon Arbin,
Jonathan Small. John Nurse, John Hook, Thornedike Procter.



*Are.hive8 Danvers Historical Society.



TOWN OF DANVERS. 143

Jonathan DanforJ;h, Thornedike Felton, John Mansfield, jr.,
Ebenezer Putnam, David Putnam, John !'>. Fowler, Ebeii Felton,
John Needham, jr., Charles Put nam. Jonathan Butterfield, David
('(Miter, Joshua Putnam, John Williams, jr., Silas Winchester,
Amos Flint, jr.. Aaron Marsh, Nathan Southwick, Ebenezer
Twiss, John Needham, 3d, John Twiss, Daniel Taylor, jr..
David Newhall. jr., Joseph Douty, Asa Gardner, Aaron Foster,
Nathaniel Felton, jr., John Carr, Edmund Monroe, Moses Pres-
ton, jr., Benj. Herrick, Daniel Galusha, John Jacobs, 3d, Temple
Roberts, Stephen Needham, Aaron Wood, Henry Preston. Daniel
Felton, Richard Crowninshield, William Patterson, David Wood,
John Tarbox. Jonathan Barrett, Stephen Procter. Daniel Moore,
Timothy Harwood, Asa Goodale, Uriah Monroe, Benj. Hoyt,
Moody Morse. Joseph Newhall, Nathan Parker. Jeremiah Sheldon.

There were usually about fifty men enlisted in the company.

Fines for neglect of equipment and absence from parade are
frequent matters of record.



The Danvers Light Infantry, M. M.

Organized 1818. Disbanded about 1850.

The first officers of the company were Robert S. Daniels, cap-
tain, Abner Sanger, lieutenant, Allen Gould, ensign.

The uniform consisted of a blue swallow tail coat with gold but-
tons, a white or buff waistcoat and pantaloons, high, stiff hat,
larger at the top than base, with gold trimming and a, tall plume.

The company was disbanded about 1850, but on the 10 Sept.,
18(!2, over 100 of the past members of the organization escorted a
company of volunteers departing for the scene of war. This was
the last appearance of the Danvers Light Infantry under the old
regime.



Danveks Light Infantry, M. V. M. — Organized 189 1 .

A sketch of the Danvers Light Infantry. Co. K, Eighth Regi-
iment, M. V. M., would be incomplete without a word of reference
to its immediate predecessor.

The Mechanic Light Infantry of Salem, also known as Co. K,
Eighth Regiment, was disbanded by order of the commander-in-
chief, issued by Adj't Gen'l Dalton, Nov. 30, 1889, after a contin-
uous existence of 82 years, having been organized Feb. 2, 1807.
The officers at the time of disbandment were William H. Dunney,
captain; Horace Durgin, first lieutenant; William H. Tweed,
second lieutenant. It bore upon its rolls at the time 5 enlisted
men, the full quota.

The place thus made vacant in the Eighth Regiment was sought
after by many companies. A petition from Salem was denied in
1889. Finally, in 1891, it was given out that a petition from Dan-
vers would be favorably received by the governor (William E.
Russell) and the paper was accordingly drawn up by Lieut. Col.
(subsequently Colonel) Charles L. Dodge, of the Eighth, and cir-
culated among the young men of the town by F. Pierce Tebbetts.
John T. Carroll was the first signer.

March 9, 1891, Col. J. Albert Mills of the Eighth came to Dan-
vers and met the signers of the petition at the skating rink on Ma-
ple street, which building was subsequently remodeled for an ar-
mory for the company.

A few days later, the colonel's impressions having been favorably
reported to the governor, the petition was sent in, and Adj't Gen.
Samuel Dalton was directed by the commander-in-chief to inspect
the would-be soldiers, which he did on the evening of March 17, at
Town hall, assisted by Col. George A. Keeler.

Upon receipt of the general's report, the governor caused an or-
der to be issued, directing the muster-in of the company at Dan-
vers, on March 25. On that date the men gathered at the Old
Berry Tavern, where the old time militia-men were wont to as-
semble years ago, and Col. Mills then and there mustered into the
state service 51 men. Assisting Col. Mills were Lieut. Col. Dodge,
Maj. Pew, Surgeon Hersey, Assistant Surgeon Galloupe and Pay-
master Warner. Lieut. G. N. B. Cousens of I Company, Lynn,
who was detailed to act as instructor to the new company, was al-
so present.

On the same evening a special town meeting had been called,
and upon a presentation of the matter by Frank C. Damon and
Col. Mills, $100 was appropriated to heat and light the armory of
the company for a year. Later the selectmen leased the skating



TOWN OF DANVERS.



145



rink for a period of five years, and the company, assisted by the
honorary members, and skating rink association, remodeled and fur-
nished the structure at an expense of some $3,000.

The first drills were held at Town hall, under the instruction of
Lieut. Cousens. Here, April 7, the members of the company as-
sembled for the election of officers. Lieut. Col. Dodge presided,
and the result was as follows : Frank C. Damon was elected cap-
tain, receiving all of the 45 votes cast. F. Pierce Tebbetts was
elected first lieutenant, receiving on the second ballot 42 of the 49
votes cast. Fred U. French was elected second lieutenant on the
second ballot, receiving 25 votes, while A. Preston Chase received 24.

On the 22d of April the above named officers appeared before
the military examining board, of which Brig. Gen. Peach was presi-
dent, at the State House, Boston, and were commissioned and as-
signed to duty.

The new armory was opened in due form, Aug. 26, 1891, and
drills have since been held there weekly.

In May, 1892, Lieut. Tebbetts resigned, and Lieut. French was
promoted to first lieutenant, while Sergt. A. Preston Chase was
elected second lieutenant.

There have been many changes in the membership of the com-
mand in the three years that it has been in existence, but most of
the officers remain the same. The original members of the com-
pany are given herewith, those marked with an asterisk being mus-
tered in at various times between March 25 and the first encamp-
ment in July, 1891.

Muster Roll of Company as It Went to Its First Camp, July. 1891.

Frank C. Damon, Captain.

F. Pierce Tebbets, First Lieut. Fred U. French. Second Lieut.

Sergeants.
Alfred H. Cook, First Sergt.
A. Preston Chase, John T. Carroll, George W. Battye, Herbert E. Hall.

Corporals.
Thorndike P. Hawkes, George B. Moulton, Henry W. French, Michael H. Barry.



J. Allen Atwood
Alfred E. Ayers
Elmer J. Ayers
Lewis E. Blanchard
*John D. Brummitt
*William L. Burns
Henry C. Crosby
Herbert E. Dole
*Daniel J. Doyle
Charles L. Elliott
Harvey W. Eaton
Edwin Flye
George H. Flint
L. W. Goldthwaite
Samuel B. Hoar
Edwin L. Jacques
Alonzo G. Kimball



Privates.
Albert F. Learoyd
Orrin F. Legro
William P. Levy
George S. Lawson
Arthur W. Lake
James Means
Charles F. Mackenzie
John J. Macauley
*E. Eugene Mitchell
Frank D. Nimblett
Eugene E. O'Neil
Austin H. Putnam
Fred C. Patterson
James A. Perry
George H. Poor
Edwin W. Palmer



Francis L. Parker
George O. Kundlett
William A. Sillars
Walter T. Stone
George H. Scampton
George F. Sutherland
*John Smiley
*William F. Searle
*Orrin E. Swain
*Fred E. Swain
*Charles E. Stuart
Herbert B. Tibbetts
Justin A. Towne
William S. Walcott
Laforest W. Watson
*John Lowery



58 men and :i officers — 61.



Proceedings Danvers Historical Society, 20 April, 1891,
1775 - April 19, - 1891.



The Danvers Historical Society celebrated the 116th anniversary
of the Battle of Lexington, Apr. 20, 1891, by exercises afternoon
and evening at the Town Hall, with an intermission of a couple of
hours, pleasantly spent at the supper table, which was spread in
Gothic Hall, and at which nearly two hundred covers were laid.

The Town Hall was gracefully and appropriately decorated un-
der the personal supervision of Dr. Warren Porter. Upon the
platform were portraits of Gen. Gideon Foster and Gen. Moses
Porter, the rapier once owned by Capt. Jeremiah Page, and me-
morials of Capt. Samuel Flint. Upon the platform were seated
many invited guests ; there being a large delegation headed by
their President, from the Lexington Historical Society. The hall
was taxed to its utmost seating capacity, nearly five hundred peo-
ple being present.

Shortly after half-past three, after the singing of a hymn written
by Rev. James Flint and prayer by Rev. E. C. Ewing, President
A. P. Putnam addressed the meeting, saying :

" Ladies and G-entlemen: Other towns which were represented
prominently in the battle of April 19, 1775, have from time to
time very worthily commemorated the event. Lexington has done
so this year ; Concord is now doing so. I am not aware that Dan-
vers has celebrated the day except as the old, undivided town com-
memorated it at the dedication of the monument to the men who
fell in the engagement. That act of dedication was fifty-six years
ago today. It is proper, we think, that the good old town should
follow the example of her sister towns, and it has seemed meet
that the Danvers Historical Society should take the initiation.
That is why wo are here today, for Danvers. as well as other
towns, took an honorable part in that day's strife and warfare, a
part which it has seemed to us should be told as it has not been
before. Her citizens had long considered the course of affairs be-
fore April 19, 1775; had discussed in shop and store and tavern
and town meeting the oppressive measures of the mother country,
and had more and more entered into a determination to be free
and not slaves. They organized militia and minute companies,
trained them on their own Common in the town and on the Village
Green, and more and more prepared themselves for action in case
the hour of emergency should arrive. That hour arrived and not
less than eight companies rushed forth to the scene of action.



TOWN OF DANVERS. 147

The story will he told by those who are to follow me. I shall not
take iij» their precious time. It is enough for me simply to an-
nounce the character of the meeting, the purposes of it and what
we trust will be the lesson of it, and to welcome those who have
been invited to join us as special guests of the occasion. They
come, I might well say. from many a battlefield of that day, for
the battlefield extended all the way from Lexington and Concord
back to Lexington and on to Charlestown. It was one continu-
ous day's work. And we have to greet friends here and now
from Lexington, Concord, Acton and elsewhere, from Boston,
from Salem and towns immediately around us, as well as invited
guests from the town of Danvers. It is with great pleasure that
we welcome Rev. Dr. George W. Porter, a native of Beverly, the
President of the Lexington Historical Society, the nephew of Gen-
eral Moses Porter, one of the most illustrious soldiers of his time,
whose portrait you see before you. We welcome Charles Parker
of Lexington, the great grandson of the Capt. Parker who com-
manded the militia on Lexington Common. We welcome Luther
Monroe. Ensign Robert Monroe, sixty-three years old, the first
man killed at Lexington, was his grandfather's uncle.'"

Dr. Putnam then introduced Mr. Ezra D. Hines, the historiog-
rapher of the Danvers Historical Society who delivered the follow-
ing interesting sketch of the part the Danvers men took in the
battle, many of the facts being freshly collated and more fully
given than in any other historical account on record :
WHAT THE DANVERS MEN DID.

*'We meet today and in the language of the poet say —
'Backward, turn backward! O Time in thy flight,'
— so that Ave may in imagination believe the wheels of time actu-
ally turned back, and that we stand face to face with the men and
the events of long ago.

What are we here to celebrate ? We assemble near the anni-
versary of that great day, April 19, 1775, that day dear to all true
American hearts, to celebrate events which have become historic,
and which have become noted the world over. We are here to call
to remembrance that day when the first blood of the revolution
was shed by our townsmen and our countrymen in defence of their
lives, their liberties and their homes.

We come also to commemorate that day which has been made
glorious, and which is and shall be renowned as the day on which
were begun those events which finally culminated in the emanci-
pation of the American colonies from the yoke of England, and
which resulted in the establishment of a new nation and the be-
ginning of a career of future usefulness and glory. But more es-
pecially do we come to recount the deeds and to rehearse the
brave actions of the men of Danvers, our ancestors, who took part
in that first bloody resistance to the British authorities, and in
uhicli some of them gave their lives in defence of their country.



148 HISTORICAL SOCIETY PROCEEDINGS,

The storm which on the 19th day of April, 1775, burst upon this
neighborhood was neither sudden nor unexpected : it had been
brewing for a long time, and as we are told in Holy Writ of the
wise man who built his house upon a strong foundation, so that
when the rain descended and the floods came and the winds blew
and beat upon that house, it fell not, because that man had builded
wisely, with the solid rock for a foundation : so, when this April
Revolutionary storm beat upon our ancestors, upon men wise in
judgment, and with principles and convictions firm and enduring
as the solid rock, they were not surprised, and this occurrence did
not take them unawares, for, like the wise man, they were pre-
pared and ready when the emergency came.

Governor Gage issued writs Sept. 1, 1774, convening the Gen-
eral Court at Salem on the 5th of October, but dissolved it by
proclamation dated Sept. 28, 1774. The members, however, who
were elected to it. pursuant to the course agreed upon, resolved
themselves into a Provincial Congress. One of the members of
this Congress was Dr. Samuel Holten, a man honored and beloved
in Danvers. This body, on the 26th of October, adopted a plan
for organizing the militia, maintaining it and calling it out when
circumstances should render it necessary. It provided that one-
quarter of the number enrolled should be held in readiness to mus-
ter at the shortest notice, who were called by the popular name of
Minute Men. An executive authority — the Committee of Safety
— was created, clothed with large discretionary powers, and
another called the Committee of Supplies. Another very impor-
tant act of this Congress was the authorizing of the collection of
military stores.

The several towns also formed alarm-list companies. These
were stirring times, but men were found equal to the occasion ;
men who had the courage of their convictions and who dared to
declare that c no danger shall affright, no difficulties shall intimi-
date us ; and, if in support of our rights we are called to encoun-
ter even death, we are yet undaunted, sensible that he can never
die too soon who lays down his life in support of the laws and lib-
erties of his country.'

How soon some of them were to lay down their lives we shall
presently see.

The town of Danvers had at that time some regular militia com-
panies, and new companies were now formed to carry out the
wishes of the late Congress, so that when the 19th of April arrived
we find there were eight companies in the town.

Before I speak of the Danvers men and the part they took in
this first battle, let me briefly relate what happened on the night
of the 18th of April, and the early morning of the 19th.

As before stated, the Congress of which I have spoken author-
ized the collection of military stores, and one of the places where
s uch stores had been collected was at Concord.



TOWN OP DANVERS. 149

To seize these stores was an objective point on the part of the
British General Gage; so on the night of the 18th of April, about
10.30 o'clock, (lie British troops, consisting of grenadiers, light in-
fantry and marines, about 800 in all (the flower of the British ar-
my), under the command of Lieut. Colonel Smith, leave Boston
and get across in boats to the Cambridge side, Landing at Lech-
mere's Point, East Cambridge; they remain here awhile, and then
march along and reach Menotomy (what is now Arlington) about
2 A. M. of the 19th, and then continue their march to Lexington,
where they arrive in the early morning, and where the colonists
are drawn up in arms to meet them, having been warned of the
approach of the British, as you are all well aware, by Paul Revere
in his midnight ride. And here in Lexington was the first resis-
tance offered to the British on their march.

The question has often arisen, Who fired the first shot on that
eventful morning? But no one has ever doubted that the first shot
was tired and that it was heard around the world. And now let
us leave the British troops at Lexington and come back to our
own town of Danvers.

Wednesday the 19th day of April, 1775, has arrived. The
glorious orb of day in his course through the heavens casts his
beams aslant on the villages of our town, in which peace and har-
mony and intense loyalty dwell. He looks down upon our pas-
tures green with grass, upon the peach trees in full bloom, upon
the barley waving in the fields. His hot rays presage a warm and
sultry day. This describes the early morning. It is now near
nine o'clock. The hurried hoof-beats of a messenger's horse are
heard in our streets, where so recently all was quiet. He an-
nounces in a loud, strong and vigorous voice : ' The British have
inarched to Lexington, our brothers there have met them, and a
battle has ensued. Rise, brothers, and without delay hasten to
their relief !'

No sooner is the message given than the men of Danvers pre-
pare to depart for the scene of carnage. Let us bear in mind that
the Danvers of 1775 was a very large town, including besides the
present town of Danvers the town now known as Peabody. The
messenger had undoubtedly first aroused the people of the south
part of the town, which is now Peabody ; and now, from held and
mill, from farm and shop, from parsonage and humbler dwelling,
do the men of Danvers rush forth to their country's defence.
Truly can it be said of them :

' Swift as the summons came they left
The plow, mid furrow, standing still.
The half-ground corn grist in the mill.
The spade in earth, the axe in cleft.

They went where duty seemed to call,
They scarcely asked the reason why;
They only knew they could but die,
And death was not the worst of all.'



150 HISTORICAL SOCIETY PROCEEDINGS,

Eight companies marched from Danvers on that eventful day.

Three of the companies belonged to the Essex Regiment, com-
manded by Col. Timothy Pickering of Salem. One of these com-
panies was under the command of Capt. Samuel Flint. It num-
bered about forty-five officers and men, and from their names it
would seem that it came from what is now West Peabody and
Danvers Centre.

Another was Capt. Samuel Epes's company, consisting of
eighty-two officers and men. This company was from the south
part of the town, now Peabody. The late Gen. Gideon Foster was
an officer of this company.

I should remark here that upon the lists at the State house, Gen.
Foster is not named as commander of a company ; but, at the ded-
ication of the monument in 1835, in his remarks he alluded to the
fact that about ten days previous to the battle, he raised a com-
pany of minute men, and had command of them on that day. The
men were taken from Capt. Epes' company.

On the morning of the 19th of April, Capt. Epes, after the
alarm was given, hastened to Salem and saw his Colonel (Picker-
ing) in his office, the Registry of Deeds, and obtained permission
from him to march in advance of the reg'iment.

The third company belonging to this regiment was under the
command of Capt. Jeremiah Page and consisted of thirty-seven
officers and men.

A company of minute men commanded by Capt. Israel Hutchin-
son included fifty-three officers and men from the north part of
Danvers, mostly, perhaps, from what is now Danversport, and
many from Beverly.

Capt. Caleb Lowe's company, in all twenty-three officers and
men, were evidently from the south part of the town. The sixth
company was that of Capt. Asa Prince, and numbered thirty-seven
officers and men from what is now Danvers Centre. The seventh
company was an ' alarm company,' commanded by Capt. John Put-
nam, and had thirty-five officers and men from the north part of
the town. The eighth organization was also an ' alarm company '
of seventeen officers and men, commanded by Deacon Edmund
Putnam and Rev. Benjamin Balch as first lieutenant. This com-
pany was evidently from Putnamville and Beaver Brook.

These were the companies that marched on the 19th. The
day was exceedingly warm. They marched and ran to the scene
of the conflict over fences, through fields, scaling stone walls, and
now on the roads they travelled on, the feeling uppermost in their
minds being how to get there the soonest. They probably could
not have started much before 10 o'clock, and they must have
reached Menotomy (now Arlington) in the neighborhood of half-
past two or three. What a march, or run ! What brave fellows
they were, and what an heroic spirit they displayed ! They did not
go together, the men from the south part of the town going one



TOWN OP DANVERS. 151

way and those from the north part another. The cry was, On!
on! any way to get there! The goal was finally reached. They
arrived at Menotomy, aud here with others they prepared to at-
tack the British on their retreat into Charlestown.

While they arc wailing let us go back to the early morn at Lex
ington. The British, after their encounter with the Lexington
men, march on to Concord to cany out the purpose for which tiny
started, to wit, to seize the siores already accumulated there.
Here, too, as well as at Lexington, they meet with resistance, and
finally are obliged to beat a retreat. Their ammunition having
given out, they were in great danger of being captured had not
Lord Percy's reinforcements met them near Lexington. The num-
ber of the colonists constantly increasing, and the firing continuing
incessant, the British had nothing to do but to stand and light or
retreat. They begin a retreat, which is continued until they reach
Charlestown. In the vicinity of 5 P. M., they reach Menotomy,
where our men from Dan vers and others are impatiently awaiting
them that they may give them battle.

And now the British come in sight, and soon our Dan vers men
with others will engage them here. From the entrance of the
British army into Menotomy until they leave the place, they are
beset behind and before. Both sides right with great vigor.
Paige, the historian, says that the carnage was greater here than in
any other town on that day. Greater, indeed, than in all others
combined, if it be true, as has been stated by a diligent investiga-
tor, that at least twenty-two of the Americans and probably more
than twice that number of the British fell in West Cambridge.

It seems that the Danvers men, or many of them, had stationed
themselves in the yard of Jason Russell, not far from the centre of
Menotomy. I understand the house is still standing. In this
yard there were many bundles of shingles, looking as though the
proprietor was about to shingle his house. Here a sort of barri-
cade was made with these shingles, and inside of this enclosure
they stationed themselves and attacked the British soldiers. Near
this place is a hill, around which the road wound in such a man-
ner as to conceal the British.

King, in his address at the dedication of the monument to the
memory of the Danvers men who fell on that day, states that fc ru-
mor had deceived our men as to the force of the British ; it was
their expectation here to have intercepted their retreat. But they
had little space of preparation ; they soon saw the British in solid
column descending the hill on their right, and at the same mo-
ment discovered a large flank guard advancing on their left.'

The men here in this enclosure (our Danvers men forming a
part), finding themselves in this fearful atid trying position, fought
desperately and gallantly. The British, too, were desperate.


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