Danvers (Mass.).

Centennial celebration at Danvers, Mass., June 16, 1852 online

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As a £r\enA faithful, as a neighbor kind.

Parent indulgent, in charities behind

None of his times. His garb, sectarian, sat

Loosely about him, and his broad-brimm'd hat

Assum'd a figure, which the more precise

Might deem discordant with the Quaker guise.

Such was the father, but his nobler Son,

Who higher honors, but less money won, —

Whose service, purse, great heart, and faithful hand.

Were ever at a needy friend's command ; ^

Of social life, the ornament and soul, —

A man, indeed, in every station whole ; —

How shall I paint him ? Wise, astute, sincere.

And yet not faultless. Who is faultless here ?

Frailties he may have had, — a little pride, —

" But e'en his failings leaned to virtue's side ;" —

A manly beauty his, in form and face, —

Most winning in his manners, full of ^race, —

In all his movements, gentleness and love

Mark'd the demeanor of the younger Shove,*


A jocose set of worthy men,

In good old times, at Skelton's Neck

Were ready for a frolic when-
Ever to fun they could direct

Their joint observance. Captain Page,
A Pindar, Fowler, Cheever, and

Others who were their peers in age

Always right ready to engage

In every good word, work, or sport ; —

The fathers they of Danvers-port.

* Hon, Jonathan Shove, who died Sept. 4, 1847, aged 54, in the meridian of
liftB and usefulness, universally lamented.


Long, long may their descendants be
Worthy their names and ancestry.
Here, too, th' eccentric Skidmore dwelt,

Whose ready wit, keen, unrefined.
Was sure to hit its mark, be felt,

And leave its tickling sting behind.
A true comedian genius, who,

Had he been trained to walk the stage,
With habits all comedian too.

He'd been the Matthews of his age.
His power is not exhausted yet.

For often, now, the laugh will rise
Excited by old Skidmore's wit.

Recited from old memories.
A patriot, too, his drum he beat

In three wars at his country's call.
Beating the onset, not retreat,

He came victorious out of all.


Among the living, — and long may he live

T' acquire the means most lib'rally to give

Impulse to objects noble as his soul.

And to exert o'er great events control

Such as is given but to very few

Of human kind, — is one we knew,

A native Dan vers school -boy, — need I name

George Peabody, a London banker ; — fame.

Wealth, power are his, — yet, lov'd and honor'd more

For just discrimination in the use
And application of his ample store,

Than for its vastness. Gather and diffuse —
His motto. Unto him, we trust, 'tis given
To show how rich men may get into heaven.
# ♦ * • * *

Here in our midst we have our honored Poor,
And Blacks, that often are preferr'd before
The Whites. Although good democrats we are,
Kings, Princes, Lords, our civic honors share.


Of Kings, with deep emotion one I name,
Dear, dear to ev'ry heart his worth and fame,
Daniel P. King, — who now among us here
Does not to grace this jubilee appear.
Though we as yet can hardly realize
His spirit gone to mansions in the skies,
Ne'er to return to earth, — to longer fill
The place assigned him by the people's will.
To him, this day, no monument we raise, —
Silence and tears now best express our praise.
The recent lost shall long remembered be,
And better eulogized next century !

Next century ! O'erwhelming thought ! O where

Shall all be then, who now are active here ?

And what will Danvers be ? — a city ? — or

A town destroyed by earthquake, vice, or war } —

God only knows. Enough for us to know

That virtue leads to peace, and vice to woe, —

That sloth and dissipation steal away

A people's strength, and bring on sure decay, —

While industry, sobriety and lore,

Save and augment, of all good things, the store.

Let every generation strive to be

Greater and better than their fathers were ;
So make and educate posterity,

That they more nobly live — more bravely dare —
Shrink from no duty — fear no tyrant's nod —
And offer purer worship to their God.
So shall improvement in all useful arts, —
In whatsoe'er to human souls imparts
Wisdom, strength, beauty, — onward., upward move,
Till all be rapt in everlasting love.




The One Hundredth Anniversary of the Separation of Danvers from
Salem, and its existence as a distinct Municipal Corporation, was cele-
brated by the citizens, in a spirited and patriotic manner, on Wednes-
day, the 16th day of June, 1852, under the direction of a committee
of arrangements, appointed by the town at a legal meeting holden at
Granite Hall on Monday, the 22d day of September, 1851.

At this meeting, the subject of celebrating the one hundredth anni-
versary of the separation of the town of Danvers from Salem being
under consideration, it was

Voted, That a committee of nineteen, — five to be selected at large
and one from each school district, — be chosen, with full authority to
make such arrangements, and adopt such measures, in behalf of the
town, as in their judgment shall be most appropriate to the occasion.


Fitch Poole, Ebenezer Hunt,

Andrew Nichols, John W. Proctor,

Rev. Milton P. Braman.

No. 1, Robert S. Daniels. No. 8. Sam'l Brown, Jr.

Joseph Brown.
Leonard Cross.
Francis Baker.
Miles Osborn.
John Page.
Gilbert Tapley.
A sum of money, not to exceed five hundred dollars, was subse-
quently voted by the town, to be applied by the committee to the
objects of the proposed celebration.

The committee appointed Dr. S. A. LORD, Chief Marshal of the
day, who selected for his Aids, Messrs. Augustus Towne and John
B. Peabody.

The day was oppressively hot, but the rain of the preceding day
had laid the dust, and the air was bland and clear. From an early
hour in the morning, vehicles of all descriptions were pouring in from
the neighboring towns, crowded with men, women and children, while
each train of cars brought in its myriads ; and by the time the pro-
cession began to move, the spacious avenues were lined by a moving
multitude of happy people, and the windows of the dwellings radiant
with beaming eyes and smiling faces.
13 m


Robert S. Daniels.




Samuel P. Fowler.



Aaron Putnam.



Albert G. Bradstreet.



Nathaniel Pope.



Moses Preston.



Francis Phelps.



The route of the procession was ornamented by flags of all nations,
streamers, triumphal arches, bearing inscriptions, and decorated with
evergreens and flowers. The Lexington Battle Monument was hand-
somely ornamented, and numerous houses displayed chaste decorations.
Just at the dividing line between Salem and Danvers, a lamb was
placed over the doors of W. Sutton's and F. Poole's stores on either
side of the street, one representing Danvers and the other Salem.
Salem asks Danvers — " How old are you my child .^" Danvers re-
plies — " Only one hundred years, mamma." Danvers asks Salem —
"Will you please to come to my birthday party?" Salem replies —
" With the greatest pleasure, my dear." The streets along the route
of the procession were crowded with delighted spectators, who, during
the whole morning, had been pouring in from other towns to witness
the celebration.

The procession was formed about 10 o'clock, and proved to be the
great feature of the occasion. When put in motion it was nearly a
mils and a half long, and embraced in its various divisions a most
interesting, graphic, and truthful portraiture of the manners and cus-
toms of their ancestors ; and by way of contrast, a representation of
the progress and resources of the town at the present day.

First in order came the escort, consisting of the Salem Mechanic
Light Infantry, with the Salem Brass Band, under command of Capt.
White. This corps came out with full I'anks, and presented a fine
military appearance. The Salem Light Infantry politely furnished a
color guard for the occasion.

The Danvers Fire Department next followed, a noble body of men,
nearly four hundred strong, in gay uniforms, and with two full bands
of music. The Chief Engineer of the Department acted as Chief
Marshal, assisted by two of the Fire wards as Aids, and fourteen
mounted Marshals, appointed by the several companies.

John V. Stevens, Chief Marshal.

Stephen Osborn, Jr., ) . • ,
c t:, o } Aids.

tiDwiN h. Putnam, )

Engine No. 2. Moses Chapman, Charles Ingals.

" " 3. Henry Bushby, Jr., Alfred Ward.

" " 4. Edward Blanchard, Samuel Knight.

" " 5. Charles A. Dearborn, Dennison W. Osborn.

" " 6. Samuel Staples, Nathan Shaw, Jr.

" " 7. Daniel J. Preston, Samuel Welch.

" " 8. Robert Daniels Jr., William Sutton, Jr.

First in order came " General Scott," No. 2, of Tapleyville ; this
company was dressed in fire hats, plaided sacks, and black pants, and
mustered forty-eight, under command of Capt. Calvin Upton. Their
" machine" was drawn by six black horses, and was tastefully deco-
rated. Next came " Torrent " No. 3, Capt. Philip L. Osborn, forty-
five men ; uniform, red shirt, white pants with black bottoms ; this
engine was drawn by three bay horses, and appeared to advantage.
*' General Putnam," No. 4, of Danvers Plains, Capt. Allen, followed ;
they mustered forty men, and were attired in plaided frock and black


pants ; they carried a banner, on which was " General Putnam.
I NEVER suRRENDEK." This engine also appeared well. Bond's Cornet
Band, of Boston, came next in order. "Eagle," No. 5, Capt. VV. S.
Osborn, followed, and appeared with forty-three men, dressed in taste-
ful and neat white jackets, trimmed with red, and black pants; their
engine was drawn by four splendid cream-colored horses, and the
engine was beautifully decorated. "Ocean," No. 6, of Danvers Port,
Capt. Welch, came next, and had thirty-five men in the ranks, dressed
in white shirts, black pants, and Kossuth hats ; this engine was drawn
by two roan horses. " General Foster," No. 7, Capt. Calvin Pierce,
came next, mustering thirty-one men, attired in red jackets and black
pants; this company carried a banner, splendidly painted, in front
representing the great fire in the square, and on the reverse, "General
Foster Engine Company, No. 7, 1849." This engine was drawn by
three gray horses, and on the " tub" was a portrait of the old General,
whose name the engine bears. By some misunderstanding this com-
pany did not go the entire route of the procession. Next came Felton's
Salem Brass Band, in a new and neat uniform. " Volunteer," No. 8,
Director Littlefield, with forty-one men, followed, dressed in red jackets
and black pants; this "tub" was drawn by six black horses, and was
splendidly decorated.

Next came the civic procession, preceded by Chief Marshal Lord,
and his Aids, Messrs. Towne and Peabody, with the following gen-
tlemen as Assistant Marshals : —

M. T. Dole, Charles Dole,

George P. Daniels, Edward Stimpson,

Ira P, Pope, Theodore Poole,

George M. Teel.

The following Marshals were appointed to preserve order at the
Church : —

Charles Estes, John W. IIubbakd,

Isaac B. Cowdry, Asa Noyes.

The civic procession, consisting of invited guests, reverend clergy,
committee of arrangements, orator and poet, and tov,'n authorities, rode
in open barouches ; and among the former we recognized among
others, His Excellency Gov. Boutwell ; Hon. Amasa Walker, Secretary
of State ; Hon. C. W. Upham, Mayor of Salem ; Judge White, of Sa-
lem ; George G. Smith and Joseph B. Felt, Esqs., of Boston; Rev. J.
W. Hanson and Daniel Nutting, Esqs., of Gardiner, Maine ; Hon. John
W. Palfrey, of Cambridge ; Hon. Robert Rantoul and Rev. C. T.
Thayer, of Beverly ; Hon. A. G. Browne, Rev. Drs. Flint and Emerson,
Charles M. Endicott and A. Huntington, Esqs., of Salem ; Hon. A. W,
Dodge, of Hamilton ; Allen Putnam, Esq., of Roxbury ; Rev. Israel W.
Putnam, of Middleborough ; Rev. C. C. Sewall of Medfield, Hon. Lilley
Eaton, of South Reading, and many others.

Among the invited guests also rode several persons in antique
costumes, who represented notable characters of Danvers long since
deceased. One of these was old Master Eppes, who, after a Rip Van
Winkle sleep of many years, awoke in perfect astonishment at the


progress of things since his day. He held in his hand one of the
ancient school books, and in the peculiar twang of his time deprecated
the absurd radicalism in the modern system of education.

Next came the antique section of the procession, which was a most
extensive and unique exhibition of the kind. First came a representa-
tion of an old bachelor of ancient time, in the person of a sturdy
individual on foot, in cocked hat, flowing wig, knee breeches, &c.,
who walked alone in his g'ory. He was followed by the " Putnam
family," in a carriage filled with the farming and household utensils of
that notable lineage, of which "old Put.," of wolf memory, is but one
of the many illustrious citizens of that name who were born in Dan-
vers. The carriage was attended with a large delegation of the mod-
ern race, dressed in the antique costumes of their ancestors, and hard
at work in their various avocations. As the carriage passed along, one
was grinding corn after the primitive fashion ; others were spinning,
weaving, &c. We were informed tliat the various implements and
dresses exhibited on this occasion were the genuine relics of their an-
cestors, that have been preserved as heir-looms in the family. Then
came several of those curious old chaises, such as we see in prints of
one hundred years ago, with harnesses and horses that must certainly
have been in their prime as early as the revolutionary war. These
chaises generally contained a lady and gentleman, the perfect counter-
parts of the establishment, in which they appeared greatly to enjoy the
morning air. Then followed a carriage with four seats, and drawn by
two horses, which, with its occupants, was a very curious specimen of
the antique. An Indian, mounted, with full trappings, came next, and
was followed by a " Blind Hole Shoe Shop, of 1789," with the work-
men busily employed after the rude fashion of that time. Then came
a huge block of granite on a platform, from which workmen were
hammering out a mill stone, for which purpose Danvers granite has
been for many years celebrated. A pottery shop, with the apparatus
of a hundred years ago, in full operation, came next, and was followed
by a band of music.


The pupils of the several Public Schools, numbering in the whole
1500, came out in full strength, led off by the Georgetown Brass Band,
and presented a most beautiful feature of the procession. We cannot
expect to give, by description, any adequate idea of the ingenious and
admirable designs they displayed. This large body of children, in
holiday array, could not fail to call out exclamations of delight from
every spectator. The committee of publication are enabled to give
the following particulars, which have been mainly furnished by the
teachers of the several schools. There are fourteen school districts in
the town, with from one to three schools in each. There are also two
High Schools, one in the north and the other in the south part of the
town, which have, since the celebration, received from the school
committee the names severally of Holten and Peabody, in honor of
the late Judge Samuel Holten and our fellow-citizen George Peabody,
Esq., now living in London. They are therefore described under those
names in the following account.

This interesting part of the pageant was marshalled under the direc-
tion of the following gentlemen : —


Sylvanus Dodge, Chief Marshal.

Jeremiah Chapman, J. W. Snow,

Edward W. Jacobs, Geo. Tapley,

Augustus Varney, Albert J. Silvester,

Alden Dempsey, Loring Dempsey,

Jas. p. Hutchinson, Abner Mead.

Gilbert A. Taplev.

Peabody High School.

The High School of the South Parish, numbering forty pupils, under
the charge of Mr. Eugene B. Hinckley, next followed, and elicited the
highest encomiums for the admirable skill and taste manifested in all
its representations.

With the exception of the first and last carriages, this part of the
procession was intended to illustrate ancient times, and to contrast them
with the present. It was headed by a young man on horseback, bear-
ing the banner of the school. He was followed by two young ladies
and one gentleman, besides the teacher, all on horseback, and dressed
in the full costume of the eighteenth century.

Then came the first carriage, containing the Queen of the Season,
with six attendants, appropriately dressed in white, and wearing ever-
green wreaths, with spring flowers interwoven. The queen wore a
floral crown, and a light wreath hanging from the right shoulder, and
falling carelessly upon the left side, and bearing in her right hand a
wand or sceptre. The carriage consisted of an oval platform, from
which rose six pillars, supporting a canopy of like form. The plat-
form, pillars, and arched roof were entirely covered with evergreen,
making a perfect " greenwood bower."

The next carriage represented Marketing in the olden time, and was
occupied by a venerable couple, whose looks and actions plainly indi-
cated that they were of the few " who have come down to us from a
former generation, whose lives Heaven had bounteously lengthened
out that they might behold the joyous day." The carriage, — to say
nothing of the horse, for we always feel a degree of delicacy in speak-
ing of contemporaries ; besides, he was so far removed from the car-
riage as to have little claim to description on the same page, — the
cai'riage was an object of interest to antiquarians, and led us all to doubt
one of the axioms of the philosophers ; for while the memory of man
and even tradition itself runneth not back to the time when it had a
beginning, it gives unmistakable evidence that it will speedily have an
end. There was a goodly display of onions, potatoes, apples, &c., in-
dicating the treasures within ; while, from the little box in front, ap-
peared the pail of eggs, and at its side the jugs, designed to receive in
exchange the sweetening for coffee and the sweetener of life. In con-
spicuous places, also, the riches of its freight were emblazoned with
chalk, in orthography which showed (to the regret, no doubt, of Dr.
Stone and others) that the phonetic system was known to the " fathers,"
another proof of the wise man's sad proverb, " there is nothing new
under the sun."

Next came an ancient Quilting Party. Eight ladies, dressed in the
prim and proper style of the eighteenth century, cap-a-pie, not omitting
the pin-ball and scissors hanging from the apron belt, were busily en-


gaged in completing the quilt ; while, in one corner, sat the old lady,
■whose time seemed about equally divided between her knitting work
and snuff box. The ladies were not all old, and the love of display,
which we are sometimes inclined to look upon as characteristic of our
times only, finding little room for manifesting itself in the puritan cut
of the sleeve, the white kerchief, and the scanty skirt, was forced to
take a higher place, and looked forth in no equivocal manner from the
massive puffs of hair which surmounted their demure faces. It was
rather invidiously remarked, too, that it could hardly have been acci-
dental, that eight pairs of high-heeled satin shoes should have been so
conspicuous, although the ladies were all seated. Most of the dresses
were not only representative of a former age, but were true relics of
the olden time, which have fortunately outlived their first possessors,
and serve to connect the present with the past.

Then followed the Beaux and Belles of the eighteenth and nine-
teenth centuries, a group consisting of two couples, one in the fashion-
able dress of 1752, and the other in that of 1852. The cushioned
hair, the rich flowing brocade dress, the wrought high-heeled shoes,
the monstrous fan, the strait-backed but richly-carved chair ; the knee
and shoe buckles, the short breeches, the ample coat, the powdered
wig and cocked hat, reminded one strongly of^ the portraits of " lang
syne's sons'' and daughters, and formed a striking contrast to the more
showy but less expensive dress of the opposite couple.

After these, came a busy company engaged in the various domestic
employments which were the peculiar occupations of the ancient house-
hold. Carding, Spinning, Reeling, and Lace-netting were all in lively
and successful operation. The linen wheel also stood in its own cor-
ner. Nor must the old cradle be forgotten, in which, no doubt, has
slumbered the embryo genius of many a beloved and distinguished son
of New England. Within its oaken sides, too, have been seen the
early manifestations of that restless energy, which, though troublesome
in childhood, is admired in the man, and which has given brilliancy
and success to the Yankee career. From out its gloomy depths, far
back in the shadowy past, have proceeded, in discordant tones, those
voices that, in later days, proved mighty in council and debate, and
whose thunders shook the king upon his throne. You would know
that none but a Puritan had made it, — so square and heavy its panelled
sides, so strait and unbending its posts ; and one could not help feeling
that, in its turn, it must have helped in giving form and character to
the minds that had been pillowed in it, — at once the emblem and the
nurturer of an unbending race of men.

A large carriage followed, in which it was the design to show, In
contrast, the Past and Present, as exhibited in the schoolroom, and all
the appurtenances. A large map was suspended in the middle, entirely
separating it into two rooms. The front room presented a rough and
altogether comfortless appearance. On the backless bench were seated
the luckless wights who were being "educated" and "instructed,"
with the " Slate and Rethmetic" before them. On the other side of
the room, sat the " Master," in all the restrained severity of a Crom-
well Roundhead. On the table at his side lay the indispensable and
only school apparatus, the clencher of every argument, the unraveller


of every scientific knot, the elucidator of every principle, the enforcer
of every precept, — the rod, — good for doctrine, reproof, instruction,
and correction. As it lay there in repose, a man of the present age
would see in it only an emblem of the pliancy of the youthful mind,
and the sprightly buoyancy of youthful spirits. But the youthful spirits
opposite evidently put a different construction upon the matter, as the
stereotyped tenor of countenance and the chronic shrug of the shoulders
stoutly witnessed. They knew, as well they might, that its lessons
were not merely emblematic, but eminently practical ; that its influ-
ences were never silent, though always touching. They knew, too, by
experience and " bobservation," as the sprightly nigger Sam would
say, that the present quiet was only the repose of conscious power, the
fearful eddy of the air that forebodes the awful tempest.

The blank side of the map, forming one wall of the room, was a
fitting type of the child's mind when first committed to the master's
forming hand. A more appropriate representative of that mind and
character at graduation, might be found in the marred and mutilated
desk cover, whereon successive generations had carved, in the impress-
ible pine, the creations of their untutored imaginations.

The other room was fitted up with handsome modern desks. The
well defined map formed the wall at the head of the room, and in
front, at his table, sat the teacher, with globes and a telescope at his
side, representative of the expanding range of study in our schools of
the present age, and the vastly multiplied and improved facilities for
communicating knowledge. The whole room was made to have a
cheerful and inviting air about it, in striking contrast to the headachy
look of the first room. We saw no implements of school warfare here,
and were reminded of Sprague's prophetic line :

" To martial arts shall milder arts succeed."

The carriage bore the motto which was quite naturally suggested :
•' Let there be light ; and there was light."

This carriage gave rise to many philosophic reflections, but we for-
bear to record them here, since history is only the philosopher's text-
book, and not the commentary.

Lastly, came the Gleaners, a little company of misses neatly and
properly dressed, each wearing a broad white hat, and bearing on one

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Online LibraryDanvers (Mass.)Centennial celebration at Danvers, Mass., June 16, 1852 → online text (page 8 of 22)