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David J. (David Josiah) Brewer.

Crowned masterpieces of eloquence, representing the advance of civilization, as collected in The world's best orations, from the earliest period to the present time (Volume 10) online

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Are your blandishments more seducing in pub-
lic than in private, and with other women's
husbands than with your own ? Although if
females would let their modesty confine them
within the limits of their own rights, it did not
become you, even at home, to concern your-
selves about any laws that might be passed or
repealed here.'* Our ancestors thought it not



proper that women should perform any, even
private business, without a director; but that
they should be ever under the control of par-
ents, brothers, or husbands. We, it seems, suf-
fer them, now, to interfere in the management
of State affairs, and to thrust themselves into
the forum, into general assemblies, and into
assemblies of election : for what are they doing
at this moment in your streets and lanes ?
What, but arguing, some in support of the mo-
tion of tribunes ; others contending for the re-
peal of the law ? . . . This is the smallest
of the injunctions laid on them by usage or the
laws, all which women bear with impatience ;
they long for entire liberty; nay to speak
the truth, not for liberty, but for unbounded
freedom in everj' particular : for what will they
not attempt, if they now come off victorious ?
Recollect all the institutions respecting the sex,
by which our forefathers restrained them and
subjected them to their husbands ; and yet, even
with the help of all these restrictions, they can
scarcely be kept within bounds. If, then, you
suffer them to throw these off one by one, to
tear them all asunder, and, at last, to be set
on an equal footing with j'ourselves, can you
imagine that they will be any longer tolerable ?
Suffer them once to arrive at an equality with
you, and they will from that moment become
your superiors. — Prom Livy xxxiv. 2.

Woodbury, Levi — The Tariff of 1842 : So,
if you have the right to gi\'e protection to one
branch of industry, as a legitimate constitu-
tional end under the powers of the Federal
Government, and not merely as an incidental
consequence of duties imposed for revenue,
why not march manfully to such protection in
a separate bill ? Why not, as in France, ex-
pressly prohibit what comes from abroad, and
competes with our manufactures, which it is
deemed so important to cherish ? Why not add,
likewise, direct bounties in other cases, where
found necessary to sustain them ? That would
at least be intelligible, aboveboard, and the
country would see and understand what Con-
gress was really doing ; and that policy would
not. as in this case, by an unnatural combina-
tion, embaiTass 'or endanger the only avowed
object of this measure on its face — which is,
to raise revenue. — Frotn a speech in the United
States Senate, in August 1842.

Wcolworth, James M. — Individual Liberty.
" Glittering generalities,** a most brilliant ad-
vocate called the self-evident truths of the Dec-
laration. Possibly so ; indeed, certainly so, if
you stop with that instrument. But when they
were realized in the conscience, and embedded
in the moral constitution of the people, and in-
terwoven with all the filaments of the heart, so
as to give tone and temper to the common
life, and appear and re-appear in the very ef-
florescence of popular sentiments, instincts, im-
pulses, emotions, and passions, the}' became
transcendent, vital, and all-governing facts. And
so it is not strange, it is just what we should
expect that these " glittering generalities ** were



NOTED SAYINGS AND CELEBRATED PASSAGES



319



more particularly stated and defined in the
constitutions, in other words to be sure, but
words of the same meaning, sense, and import ;
that is to say, no person shall be deprived of
life, liberty, or property without due process iof
law ; no State shall deny to any person the
equal protection of the laws ; private property
shall not be taken for public use without just
compensation ; and the many other clauses, by
which these fundamental rights, privileges, im-
munities, and franchises are assured; such as
those guaranteeing free elections, free speech,
justice administered without denial or delay,
the privileges of the habeas corpus, trial by a
jury of the vicinage, and so on and so on.

And thus, reversing our steps, we trace these
mandates, prohibitions, and guarantees of our
constitutions back to the comprehensive phrase
of the Declaration of Independence, that gov-
ernments are instituted to the end that each
and every man may exercise all his faculties
in whatever way he ma}^, according to his own
judgment, choose, so as to derive from them
his highest enjoyment. The _ citizen, the per-
son, the individual — living his own life, cher-
ishing his own aspirations, making and meet-
ing his own destiny, he is the integer ; he is
sacred; for him are all the solicitudes. To
consers'e his rights, consistently with those of
others, and to give him opportunity to work
out his own happiness, without responsibility
to others, and without responsibility from
others to him, governments are instituted. For
these purposes are all the complex system of
laws, the vast scheme of administration, the
splendor and majesty of the immortal State. —
FroTti his address as president of the Ainerican
Bar Association, i8gy.

"World Politics » — James M. Beck: We

must not as a people permit the past to fetter
the present. That way retrogression lies, and
our duty as a nation is to be determined by
present, not by past conditions. We cannot
even stand still. We must move onward. From
civilization we derive inestimable rights, to her
we owe immeasurable duties, and to shirk these
is cowardice and moral death. No nation can
live to itself, even if it would. The economic
developments of the nineteenth century have
produced a solidarity of humanity, which no
racial prejudice or international hatred can de-
stroy. Each nation is its brother's keeper, and the
greater the power, the greater the responsibility.
If this be so, no nation owes a greater duty to
civilization to be potential in the councils of
the world than the United States. For it to
skulk and shirk behind the selfish policy of
isolation and to abdicate a destined world su-
premacy would be the colossal crime of his-
tory. — Fro?n an oration at Omaha during the
Spanish War, i8g8.

y^ollicofer, JoacMm — Continuous Life and
" Everlasting Increase in Power: My ex-
istence is not confined to this fleeting moment !
It will continue forever! My activity is not
bounded by the narrow circle in which I now-



live and move ; it will be ever enlarging, ever
becoming more extensive and diversified. My
intellectual powers are not subject to dissolu-
tion and decay like dust : they shall continue
in operation and effect forever; and the more
I exert them here, the better I employ them,
the more I effect by them, so much better
shall I use them in the future world : so much
the more shall I there effect by them. I see
before me an incessant enlargement of my
sphere of sight and action, an incessant in-
crease in knowledge, in virtue, in activity, in
bliss. The whole immensity of God's creation,
the whole unnumbered host of intelligent,
thinking beings, all the hidden treasures of
wisdom and knowledge in Jesus Christ, the
unfathomable depths of Divine perfection —
what noble employments, what displays of my
powers, what pure joys, what everlasting pro-
gress, do not these afford to my expectations !
— From a Sermon on Psalms viii.^.

Zwingli, Ulricli — Extracts from His Ser-
mons During the Reformation: Before the
fall, man had been created with a free will, so
that, had he been willing, he might have kept
the law ; his nature was pure ; the disease of
sin had not yet reached him ; his life was in
his own hands. But having desired to be as
God, he died — and not he alone, but all his
posterity. Since then in Adam all men are
dead, no one can recall them to life, until the
Spirit, which is God himself, raises them from
the dead. . , .

Christ, very man and very God, has pur-
chased for us a never-ending redemption. For
since it was the eternal God who died for us,
his passion is therefore an eternal sacrifice,
and everlastingly effectual to heal; it satisfies
the Divine justice forever in behalf of all those
who rely upon it with firm and unshaken faith.
Wherever sin is, death of necessity follows.
Christ was without sin, and guile was not
found in his mouth ; and yet he died ! This
death he suffered in our stead ! He was will-
ing to die that he might restore us to life ; and
as he had no sins of his own, the all-merciful
Father laid ours upon him. Seeing that the
will of m.an had rebelled against the Most
High, it was necessary for the re-establishment
of eternal order, and for the salvation of man,
that the human will should submit in Christ's
person to the Divine will. . . .

Since eternal salvation proceeds solely from
the merits and death of Jesus Christ, it follows
that the merit of our own works is mere vanity
and foil)', not to say impiety and senseless im-
pudence. If we could have been saved b)' our
own works, it would not have been necessary
for Christ to die. All who have ever come to
God, have come to him through the death of
Jesus Christ. . . .

Some people, perhaps more dainty than pious,
object that this doctrine of Grace renders men
careless and dissolute. But of what importance
are the fears and objections that the daintiness



320



NOTED SAYINGS AND CELEBRATED PASSAGES



of men may suggest ? Whosoever believes in
Jesus Christ is assured that all that cometh
from God is necessarily good. If, therefore,
tlie Gospel is of God, it is good. And wliat
other power besides could implant righteous-
ness, truth, and love among men ? Oh, God,
most gracious, most righteous Father of all
mercies, with what charity thou hast embraced
us, thine enemies! With what lofty and un-
failing hopes hast thou fdied us who deserved
to feel nothing but despair ! and to what glory
hast thou called, in thy Son, our meanness and
our nothingness ! Thou wiliest, by this un-
speakable love, to constrain us to return thee
love for love ! . . .

The Christian delivered from the law de-
pends entirely on Jesus Christ. Christ is his
reason, his counsel, his righteousness, and his
whole salvation. Christ lives and acts in him.
Christ alone is his leader, and he needs no
other guide. If a government forbid its citi-
zens under pain of death to receive any pen-
sion or largess from the hands of foreigners,
how mild and easy is this law to those who,
from love to their country and their liberty,
voluntarily abstain from so culpable an action !
But, on tlie contrary, how vexatious and op-
pressive it is to those who consult their own in-
terest alone ! Thus the righteous man lives free
and joyful in the love of righteousness, and
the unrighteous man walks murmuring under
the heavy burden of the law that oppresses
him ! . . .

Works done out of Christ are worthless.
Since everything is done of him, in him, and
by him, what can we lay claim to for ourselves ?
Wherever there is faith in God, there God is ;
and wherever God abideth, there a zeal exists
urging and impelling men to good works. Take
care only that Christ is in thee, and that thou
art in Christ, and doubt not that then he is at



work in thee. The life of a Christian is one
perpetual good work which God begins, con-
tinues, and completes. . . .

The reverend coadjutor speaks of doctrines
that are seditious and subversive of the civil
laws. Let him learn that Zurich is more tran-
quil and more obedient to the laws than any
other city of the Helvetians, — a circumstance
which all good citizens ascribe to the Gospel.
Is not Christianity the strongest bulwark of
justice among a nation ? What is the result of
all ceremonies but shamefully to disguise the
features of Christ and of his disciples ? Yes !
there is another way besides these vain observ-
ances to bring the unlearned people to the
knowledge of the truth. It is that which Christ
and his Apostles followed — the Gospel itself!
Let us not fear that the people cannot under-
stand it. He who believes, understands. The
people can believe ; they can, therefore, under-
stand. This is a work of the Holy Ghost, and
not of mere human reason. As for that matter,
let him who is not satisfied with forty days, fast
all the year if he please ; it is a matter of in-
difference to me. All that I require is, that no
one should be compelled to fast, and that for
so trivial an observance the Zurichers should
not be accused of withdrawing from the com-
munion of the Christians. . . .

The universal Church is spread over the
whole world, wherever there is faith in Christ,
in India as well as at Zurich. . . , And as
for particular churches, we have them at Berne,
at Schaffhausen, and even here. But the popes,
with their cardinals and their councils, form
neither the universal Church nor a particular
Church. The assembly before which I now
speak is the Church of Zurich ; it desires to
hear the word of God, and it has the right of
ordering all that may appear to it conformable
with the Holy Scriptures.



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS




[iiiht it is impossible to mention even by title the great num-
ber of works necessarily drawn on in compiling and revising
the material for such a collection as this, it is pertinent to say
that in revising dates, while almost, if not quite every, recognized au-
thority in general use has been frequently consulted, the Century Dic-
tionary of Names and the British Encyclopedia, when in agreement,
have been found nearly always correct, and accepted as authority
against the authority of any single work. While it cannot be claimed
that the wide differences on points of chronology frequently existing
among standard authorities have been reconciled, the dates in the
original matter throughout the entire collection have been subjected to
at least three editorial revisions. The texts of speeches have been used
from the best authorities. Where, as often occurred before modern
methods of reporting and printing were in use, there are several texts of
the same speech, that used was the one now most generally accepted.
Whether any historian reports an orator correctly, whether any orator
ever reports himself exactly in writing out his own speech after deliv-
ery, it is of course impossible to decide. What history does decide is
that eloquence represents character in the man out of whose life it came.
For suggestions and for lists of orators to which the work is largely
indebted for its success, editors and publisher owe their thanks to
judges of supreme and other courts, attorneys-general, superintendents
of education, leading librarians, prominent lawyers, and public men in
all parts of the Union. Such lists and suggestions were received and
utilized from every part of the United States and from England. The
scope of the work, as it now stands complete, attests their value.

While the debt owed to librarians all over the country is notable,
the obligation to the leading libraries of St. Louis and New York is

especially heavy. Their intelligent and ready co-operation has saved
10 — 21 321



322



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS



much expenditure, both of money and time. The translations from
foreign languages used are nearly always from authorities already
accepted as standard, it being a part of the working plan of the col-
lection to prefer standard translations, where available, to special
translations. Thanks are returned to publishers and photographers for
permission to use copyrighted works. Care has been taken to preserve
copyright for its owners by giving credit in connection with the text or
picture used.



CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX OF ORATORS AND SUBJECTS

CLASSICAL AND EARLY CHRISTIAN



(495 B.C..430 A.D.)



Pericles c. 495-429 B. C. 8

The Causes of Athenian Greatness
— (Speech)
Antiphon c. 480-411 B. C. 10

Unjust Prosecutions — (Celebrated
Passages)

Canuleius Spoke 442 B. C. 10

Against the Patricians — (Cele-
brated Passages)

Cleon (?)-422 B. C. 4

Democracies and Subject Colonies
— (Speech)
Socrates c. 470-399 B. C. 9

Address to His Judges after They
Had Condemned Him — (Speech)

Andocides 467-391 B. C. 10

Against Epichares, One of the
Thirty Tyrants — (Celebrated
Passages)
Lysias c. 459-c. 380 B. C. 7

Against Eratosthenes for Murder
— (Speech)

Isocrates 436-338 B. C. 7

'Areopagiticus ' — "A Few Wise
Laws Wisely Administered "
— (Speech)

Hyperides (?)-322 B. C. 10

Leosthenes and the Patriot Dead
—(Celebrated Passages)
IsKUS (Fourth Century B. C.) 10

The Athenian Method of Examin-
i n g Witnesses — (Celebrated
Passages)

Lycurgus 396-323 B. C. 10

Peroration of the Speech against
Leocrates — (Celebrated Pas-
sages)

^schines 389-314 B. C. 1

Against Crowning Demosthenes
— (Speech)

Demosthenes 384-322 B. C. 5

Speeches:

The Oration on the Crown
The Second Olynthiac
Oration on the Peace
The Second Philippic

Dinarchus 361-291 B. C. 10

Demosthenes Denounced — (Cele-
brated Passages)

Scipio 234-183 B. C. 10

Carrying War Into Africa — (Cele-
brated Passages)

Cato the Elder 234-149 B. C. 10
Woman's Rights — (Celebrated Pas-
sages)



VOL. PAGE



305



294



296



79



260



293



428



137



304



304



305



103



62



298



296



318



vot. rAGS

Cicero, Marcus Tullius 106-43 B. C. 3 330
Speeches:

The First Oration Against Cati-
line
Catiline's Departure
The Crucifixion of Gavlus
Supernatural Justice
Cato and the Stoics
For the Poet Archias
The Fourth Philippic

Caesar, Caius Julius 100-44 B. C. 3 SB

On the Conspiracy of Catiline —
(Speech)

Cato Uticensis 34-46 B. C. 3 168

Against the Accomplices of Catiline
— (Speech)

Livy 59 B. C.-17 A. D. 10 302

Hannibal to His Army — (Cele-
brated Passages)

Seneca, Lucius Annasus

4 B. C.-65 A. D. 9 169

His Address to Nero — (Speech)

Quintilian 35-95 A. D.

Celebrated Passages:

Oratory and Virtue 10 310

Brilliancy in Oratory 10 295

Pectus et Vis Mentis 10 309

Pliny the Younger 62-113 A. D.
Celebrated Passages:

Liberty and Order 10 309

Eloquence and Loquacity 10 299

Tertullian c. 150-c. 230 9 376

The Beauty of Patience — (Ser-
mon)

Cyprian 200-258 4 363

Unshackled Living —(Sermon)

Athanasius 298-373 1 181

The Divinity of Christ (Sermon)

Cyril 315-386 4 369

The Infinite Artifices of Nature
— (Sermon)

Gregory of Nazianzus e. 325-390 6 300

Eulogy on Basil of Cxsarea —
(Sermon)

Basil the Great 329-379 1 2«.

On a Recreant Nun — (Sermon)

Chrysostom, Saint John 347-407 3 306

Sermons:

The Blessing of Death
The Heroes of Faith
Avarice and Usury

Augustine, Saint 354-430 1 189

The Lord's Prayer —(Sermon)



323



324



CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX OF ORATORS AND SUBJECTS



MIDDLE AGES AND RENAISSANCE
(672 A. D.. 1 564 A.D.)



VOL. PAGE

Bedc, the Venerable 672-735 1 344

Sennotts:

The Meeting of Mercy and Jus-
tice
A Sermon for Any Day
The Torments of Hell

Damiani, Peter 1007-1072 4 380

Sermons:

The Secret of True Greatness
New Testament History as Alle-
gory

Anselm, Saint 1032-1109 1 154

The Sea of Life (Sermon)

Hildebert, Archbishop of Tours

c. 1055-1134 7 42

Rebecca at the Well — (Sermon)

AbSlard, Pierre 1079-1142 1 23

Sermotis:

The Resurrection of Lazarus
The Last Entry into Jerusalem
The Divine Tragedy

St. Bernard of Clairvaux 1091-1153 2 36
Sermons:

Preaching the Crusade
Advice to Young Men
Against Luxury in the Church
On the Canticles

iElred 1109-1166 1 99

Sermons:
A Farewell

A Sermon after Absence
On Manliness

Albertus Magnus 1205-1280 1 136

Sermons:

The Meaning of the Crucifixion
The Blessed Dead

Bonaventura, Saint 1221-1274 2 149

The Life of Service — (Sermon)



VOL. PAGE

Wyckliffe, John c. 1324-1384 10 272

Sermons :

A Rule for Decent Living
Good Lore for Simple Folk
Mercy to Damned Men in Hell
Concerning a Grain of Corn
Savonarola, Girolamo 1452-1498 10 311

Compassion in Heaven — (Cele-
brated Passages)
Fisher, John c. 1459-1535 6 136

The Jeopardy of Daily Life —
(Sermon)
More, Sir Thomas 1478-1535 8 193

His Speech when on Trial for Life
— (Speech)
Luther, Martin 1483-1546 7 405

Speeches:

Address to the Diet at Worms
" The Pith of Paul's Chief Doc-
trine "
Zwingli, Ulrich 1484-1531 10 319

Extracts from His Sermons Dur-
ing the Reformation — (Cele-
brated Passages)
Tyndale, William c. 1484-1536 10 15

The L^se and Abuse of Images and
Relics — (Speech)
Cranmer, Thomas 1489-1556 4 22d

Sermons :

His Speech at the Stake
Against the Fear of Death
Forgiveness of Injuries
Latimer, Hugh c. 1490-1555 7 281

Sermons:

Duties and Respect of Judges
The Sermon of the Plow
On the Pickings of Officeholders
Melanchthon, Philip 1497-1560 S 140

The Safety of the Virtuous —
(Sermon)
Knox, John 1505-1572 7 216

Against Tyrants — (Sermon)
Calvin, John 1509-1564 3 80

The Necessity for Courage — (Ser-
mon)



MODERN



(1509-1910)



VOL. PAGE

Raleigh, Sir Walter 1552-1618 9 18

His Speech on the Scaffold —
(Speech)

Coke, Sir Edward 1552-1134 4 119

Prosecuting Sir Walter Raleigh
— (SpeecW



VOL. PAGE

Bacon, Francis 1561-1626 1 196

Against Dueling — (Speech)

Donne, John 1573-1631 5 266

Man Immortal, Body and Soul —
(Sermon)



CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX OF ORATORS AND SUBJECTS



325



VOL.

S



PAGE

387



Pym, John 1584-1643

Speeches:

Grievances against Charles I.
Law as the Safeguard of Liberty

Dorset, The Earl of 1591-1652 5 274

In Favor of Slitting Prynne's Nose
— (Speech)

Lenthall, William 1591-1662 7 327

Opening the Long Parliament un-
der Charles I. — (Speech)
Eliot, Sir John 1592-1632 5 363

On the Petition of Right —
(Speech)
Strafford, The Earl of 1593-1641 9 308

His Defense When Impeached for
Treason — (Speech)
Hampden, John 1594-1643 6 849

A Patriot's Duty Defined —
(Speech)
Holborne, Sir Robert c. 1594-1647 7 68

In Defense of John Hampden —
(Speech)
Dering, Sir Edward 1598-1644 5 181

Speeches:

The Encouragement of Learn-
ing
Religious Controversy in Parlia-
ment
Cromwell, Oliver 1599-1658 4 251

Debating Whether or Not to Be-
come King of England —
(Speech)

Chillingworth, William 1602-1644 3 274

False Pretenses — (Sermon)

D'Ewes, Sir Simon 1602-1650 5 194

The Antiquity of Cambridge —
(Speech)

Culpeper, Sir John (?)-1660 4 264

Against Monopolies — (Speech)

Grimstone, Sir Harbottle 1603-1685 6 304
" Projecting Canker Worms and
Caterpillars " — (Speech)
Waller, Edmund 1605-1687 10 63

"The Tyrant's Plea, Necessity"
— (Speech)

Harrison, Thomas 1606-1660 6 384

His Speech on the Scaffold —
(Speech)

Hyde, Edward, Earl of Clarendon

Speeches: 1608-1674 7 110

" Discretion " as Despotism
In John Hampden's Case

Milton, John 1608-1674 8 148

A Speech for the Liberty of Un-
licensed Printing — (Speech)

Falkland, Lord 1610-1643 6 94

Ship-Money — Impeaching Lord
Keeper Finch — (Speech)
Leighton, Archbishop 1611-1684 7 321

Immortality — (Sermon)
Vane, Sir Henry 1612-1662 10 37

Against Richard Cromwell
A Speech for Duty in Contempt of
Death



VOL.

Digby, Lord George 1612-1676 5

Speeches:

" Grievances and Oppressions "

Lender Charles I.
The Army in Domestic Politics

Taylor, Jeremy 1613-1667 9

The Foolish Exchange — (Sermon)

Baxter, Richard 1615-1691 1

Unwillingness to Improve — (Ser-
mon)

Higginson, John 1616-1708 10

Cent Per Cent in New England —
(Celebrated Passages)
Lewis, David, Bishop of Llandaff

1617-1679 7

His Speech on the Scaffold —
(Speech)

Finch, Sir Heneage 1621-1682 6

Opening the Prosecution for
Regicide under Charles II.—
(Speech)

Rumbold, Richard 1622-1685 9

Against Booted and Spurred Priv-
ilege — (Speech)

Sidney, Algernon 1622-1683 9

His Speech on the Scaffold —
" Governments for the People,
and Not the People for Gov-
ernments " — (Speech)

Bossuet, Jacques BSnigne

1627-1704 2

Funeral Oration over the Prince
of Conde — (Sermon)

Bunyan, John 1628-1688 2

The Heavenly Footman — (Ser-
mon)

Barrow, Isaac 1630-1677 1

Slander — (Sermon)

Bourdaloue, Louis 1632-1704 2

The Passion of Christ — (Ser-
mon)

Flechier, Esprit 1632-1710 6

The Death of Turenne — (Speech)

Penn, William 1644-1718 8

The Golden Rule against Tyranny
— (Speech)
Fenelon, Francois de Salignac de la

Mothe 1651-1715 6

Sermons:

Simplicity and Greatness
Nature as a Revelation

Belhaven. Lord 1656-1708 1

A Plea for the National Life of



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