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you whereever you shall bee, and have also appointed it to bee ^£ y foryour

reported to the House that they will also use meanes to the countyes

for expediteing thereof. Wee have your recruites in present con- Your recruites

sideracion, and hope to give you good satisfaccion concerning it, ;;^ onsidera -

and that the ordinance shall be rather to the advantage thereof than

other, and for Lincolneshire it is without the ordinance, and your Lincolnshire

' „ notintheOrdi-

Lo p may doe there what you thinke ntt. nance.

Signed, &c.

W. Say and Seale. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 6° Angusti, 1644.
Sent by Mr. Potter att night.

N 0# 5. For the Right Honourable the Committee of


My Lords and Gentlemen,

In my march from Yorke towards Lincolne I was earnestly
intreated, by divers in those parts of Yorkeshire about Sheffield,
that I would consider of the great spoyle that the guarrison in
Sheffield did unto the places neere adjoyning, and likewise of the
consequence of the place in regard of the great comoditie of iron


wares that were vented there. I was further moved by the Com-
mittee and gentlemen of Nottingham for the reduceing of the
guarrison in Welbeck to the obedience of Parliament, because it
was a great anoyance to those parts. Whereupon I resolved to goe
myselfe with a great part of my forces to Welbeck e, and to send
Generall Major Crawford with the rest unto Sheffeild. Upon my
comeing neere Welbecke, I sent in a summons to the place, and
they, with great civillity, sent to parley with mee ; and the next
day being Friday they rendred the house unto mee upon com-
posicion. I was willing to give them the larger termes, because I
was not in a condition to beseidge a place soe well fortified as that
was; and therefore I gave the officers and soldiers liberty to march
with all their arines, colours flying, and other pontillions of warr.
But when I came to take possession of the house, most of all the
soldiers came unto mee to lay downe their armes, and would not
carry them, but desired ticketts of mee to goe to their owne homes,
the which I graunted them, soe as I had 350 musquetts in the
house, 50 tie horse armes, 11 peeces of canon, great and small,
whereof one the governor had libertie to carry away. I had like-
wise 20 tie barrells of powder and a tonne of match. The house I
preserved entire, and have put a guarrison into it of Nottingham-
shire men untill I know your LoP s resolucions, whether you will
have it slighted or not. The place is very regularly fortified, and
the Marquesse of Newcastle's daughters and the rest of his children
and family are in it, unto whome I have engaged myselfe for their
quiet aboade there, and to intercede to the Parliament for a com-
pleate maintenance for them. In the which I shall beseech your
Lordships that they may have your favour and furtherance. I am
now my selfe come to Lincolne, and those forces that were with mee
I have quartered about Gainsborough and those places, that I may
give them some refreshing after the great hardship they have
endured. And I expected here to have found the recruets for
this army, according to the often and earnest lettres that I have
written unto the Committees of these associated counties. But all


the returne I have is your LoP s lettres pressing them to raise and
set forth a new force both of horse and foote under other eomanders,
which it seemes are already chosen. This puts me into an unservice-
able condicion, and therefore I desire to know what your LoP s
intencions are in the disposeing of these forces, and 1 shall readily
obey your comands. If your Lo ps please to have me to deliver
over the remainder of this force I now have into the hands of those
collonells and captains that are to be chosen to give a supplie to
that army that is now to be raised, I shall very readily obey your
order. If your Lo ps intencions be to dispose of these forces other-
wise, I shall with all care observe your comands as

Your Lo ps humble servant,


Lincolne, August 6th, 1644.

No. 6. — To my Lord op Manchester.

My Lord,

In the close of our last wee assured your Lo p that wee would
have care of your recreutes, and that wee hoped the new Ordinance
should rather bee to the advantage of your recreuts than otherwise.
Accordingly wee have reported it the Houses, who have agreed that
1800 foot bee sent for the recruiting of your army out of the forces 18 oo f 00 t for
to bee levied upon the new Ordinance within the Association. y° ur recruit.

Signed, &c.

W. Say and Seale. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 7° Augusti, 1644.
By the Post.


No. 7. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Orders of the Wee sent unto you yesterday the Orders of the Houses appointing

you lsoo foot 1800 foot for recreuting of your forces out of the forces of your

for your re- Association now levying upon the new Ordinance. Wee have

received lettres from the Committee of Essex, desireing the recruites

required of them by you to bee respited for some tyme, till the

forces they are now levying bee first raised. Wee doe therefore

desire your Lo p to take noe more recruites from them than necessity

1000 to bee sna U require, because that an entire formed regiment of 1000 is to

trw!? m ^ ee rayse d out of that county upon the new Ordinance.

Signed, &c.

W. Say and Seale. Jo. Maitland.

Darby House, 9° Augusti, 1644.
By Kowland Fankerd, about two afternoone.

No. 8. — For the Right Honourable the Committee of
both klngdomes, sitting at darby house.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I received your Lo ps lettre yesterday, by which your comands
were that I should gather what force I could and march towards
Prince Rupert, and to attend his mocions and follow him which
way soever he shall goe. This appeared to me so large a comission,
and a worke so difficult, considering the weake condicion of the
forces that are here with mee, who are now under great indisposi-
cions and infeccions, as that upon the receipt of your Lo ps order and
comand I called together such of my chiefe officers as were here
with mee to consult which way I might serve your Lo ps according
to your comands. And from them I received this inclosed paper,

Manchester's correspondence. 9

which I take the boldnes to offer to your Lo ps , as the result of our
debate here, which I doubt not but will carry more weight and
receive the better acceptaciou, because it is not a single opinion.
My Lords and Gentlemen, these I tender to you in dutie, and
submit them to your better judgments, and beseech you to believe
that I doe not dispute your comands, but only give you a true
accompt of my condicion, and shall observe what further you shall
comand mee, as

Your humble servant,


Lincolne, 10° Aug. 1644.

Co?isideracions concerning the marching of the Earl of Manchester s
army into Cheshire.

1. By marching thither, as is required, it cannot be expected
wee should force Prince Rupert to a second ingagement in the field
this summer, neither (considering the posture he lies in about
Chester, and the opertunity of shifting his horse through Chester
from one side of the river Dee to the other, whereof he possesses all
the passes for twentie miles upwards from Chester, and below there
are none at all) is it likely that we can force his horse to quitt their
quarters about Chester and goe away. If we could doe soe, should
we draw away presently, they might returne; should we follow
them with our horse through Wales, or where ever they goe, it
would be a surer way to mine our horse then the enemies.

To beseidge Chester is not a worke for one moneth in the latter
end of a summer, neither is it likely wee shall gather there a
sufficient force (free from other ingagements) suddenly to doe it,
the worke requiring as great a force as the seige of Yorke, or

The end, therefore, and busines intended, we suppose, will be to
lye with a comanding body of horse near Chester, to hinder Rupert



from raising any new force in those parts, or receiving any accession
of such as would come or be sent from other parts of this Kingdome
(for from Ireland we cannot hinder any whilest they have all the
ports on their side), and either this or the seiging of Chester would
necessarily keepe us there all winter.

2. If then wee should goe farr of to soe long a worke, wee must
either take with us sufficiencie of force and all stores and accomo-
dacions to serve us for the whole tyme, as to need noe supplyes
while we are like to stay, or we must provide for a certain way of
all supplyes to come unto us. For the first we cannot goe so
provided, being in present great want of ammunicion and equipage
of all sorts for the traine, but especially of match (our supplyes
thereof sent for by sea being lately taken by the enemie) ; our
regiments in great need of recreuts, especially our foote, and of the
men wee have both horse and foote (by the former hardships
suffered) soe many sick and wounded, and more dayly falling sicke,
as if we should now march wee must leave a third part behind us ; our
arrears of pay intolerable (our horse having had little or none since
the 25th March, which hath cast them into extreame want of all
necessaryes) ; neither have we money in tresurie to take with us
for better encouragements in the future. If we could goe soe well
provided in all these respects for a long time, yet it were noe
wisdom e (depending thereon) to engage soe farr of, and not pro-
vided for a way of new supplyes, if we should happen to want before
that worke were done.

For the second, therefore (the securing of a way for our supplyes),
there being noe possibility of any comeing to us by sea on that side
of the kingdome, nor by any navigable river in our power, all
supplyes and recruets we should want (of men, horses, armes,
ammunicion, tresury, or any thing) must come to us by land from
this side the kingdome, and passe under the danger of Belvoyr and
Xewarke, and of Bolsover and Tidbury Castles (if the nearest way
from those parts), or of other enemy [s] guarrisons, if any other
way about.


3. Upon all these consideracions, therefore, it cannot be lit to
goe with this army into Cheshire unlesse (at least) those four
guarrisons were first taken, or provision made by a sufficient force
to blocke them up or insconse them.

Neither indeed can this army soe well march hence any way
without providing against Newarke, least that active and politicke
enemy (having already got together againe a body of 800 horse
with Hastings his horse, who joyne continually to serve each others
turnes, and are even now continually daring to attempt or annoy
our horse quarters) doe (if they have scope left to range) over runne
these partes againe, weaken, if not destroy, our guarrisons, greaten
themselves, and gather fresh force against the spring. This is easie
to forsee and twice taught by experience when they have bin
weaker then now, and our Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire forces
stronger. Whereas, these fierie enemyes guarrisons being taken and
blocked up, it will gaine unto the Parliament the advantage of
raiseing new forces, and maintenance for them, out of five or six
counties thereby cleared, which have hitherto beene soe infested as
we could never yet by all our garrisons in them, either raise any
force considerable in them, or support what they have had. And
this done will render also most of our guarrisons in these partes
needlesse, or able to spare the greatest part of their present strength
into field service.

4. To this soe necessary a worke (and without which first pro-
vided for we cannot goe to stay and doe the busines in those westerne
partes) this army will not suffice, and spare any foote at all to march
thither as is required, our foote, sicke and sound, being not above

5. This army may doe that worke of these parts, and both keepe
its selfe entire, and lye fitly the while to receive our recreuts and
supplyes needful, and ready also to secure and further serve the
Associacion and southern partes upon occasion.

6 The Associacion by which wee were raised and should be payd
(as they have been already much discontented at our drawing soe



fan into the North, and leaving them naked; soe if wee shall now
again draw off soe farre westward and leave them soe long without
the protection for which wee were designed, and Newark, Belvoir,
&c. at liberty to infest them with incursions) will have just cause to
withdraw or slacken their hands from our further recreuting or
maintenance, and seeke for some other body and head to protect
them, and the same only to be maintained by them.

No. 9. — To the Earle of Manchester.

House taken

The soiildiers
render their

Ordinance of
July the 12th
noe hindrance
to your
not within the

My Lord,

Your Lo ps of the 6th present from Lincolne wee have received,
conteyning your takeing in of Welbeck house. Wee congratulate
with your Lo p that good successse which God is pleased still to
give to your endeavours, and doe approve your Lo ps termes granted
them, as whereby your Lo p have not only gained the house but the
men also, as appeares by their voluntary render of their armes.
And wee shall give all furtherance to your Lo ps desire to the houses
for makeing good your engagements to them. As to your Lo ps
recreuts mentioned, wee are sorry they were not ready to attend
your order; yet wee are assured you shall have a better account of
them than those lettres. And wee hope before this tyme our letters
are come to your hands, whereby you will discerne that the Ordi-
nance of the 12th of July shall be noe disadvantage to your forces;
for, besides that 1,800 of those are ordered for your recreuts, your
Lo p may doe as you please in Lincolneshire, which is not within
the Ordinance. And besides the countye have assured us that they
are about those levyes for your LoP ; however, by those letters they
would represent their difficulties to see if they could gett any ease,
especially this harvest tyme. And wee desire your Lo p to beleive
that it was not the intention of the Houses to doe any thing in that
Ordinance that should in any sort prejudice your army, which,

Manchester's correspondence. 13

under your conduct, by the blessing of God, hath beene soe pros-
perous and serviceable to the whole Kingdome, and of which, by
the same blessing, wee have reason to hope for the same good
service and successe for the future.

Signed, &c.
Darby House, 13° Augusti, 1644.

By Col. Fleetwood, who went the 15th instant.

No. 10. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes sitting
at Derby House, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I received your Lop ps letter of the 9th of August, signifying
your pleasure that I shall take noe more recreutes from the county
of Essex then necessity shall require, because an intire regiment of
1000 is to be raysed in that county. I shall obey your Lo ps
comands, only I thinke fit to acquaint your Lo ps what order I had
formerly setled for the recreute of these forces. Those countyes out
of which the regimentes were at first raised I had appointed to
supply the defectes of such regimentes as were by them raised, and
I found this way to give the best satisfaction to the counties, and
made the soldiers more united among themselves. My owne
regimente being raised in Essex, I thought to have recreuted it
from thence, it being much weakened through some service it hath
done, and by reason of sicknes that is amongst them. Yet, your
Lo ps having otherwise ordered it, I shall rather runne the hazard of
other inconveniences which I feare then give a checke to your
other designes.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I am your Lo ps most humble servant,


Lincolne, 14th August, 1644.


No. 11. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

The state of Prince Kupert's army being other than hee conceived
when wee wrote last unto you, there being soe many of his forces
marched northward, together with the consideration of your Lo ps
lettre ; and the reasons inclosed have caused us to alter our
Send a party to resolution, and to desire that your Lo p will send such a party as
hinder Prince y 0U s ] ia [\ thinke fitt, to joyne with the forces in our former lettres
recmites. expressed to bee sent from Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Lancashire,

Cheshire, and Sir Thomas Middleton, and to make what improve-
ment may bee of those joyned forces to hinder his recreuts, and to
proceed further as there shall bee occasion and opertunitie offered.
Rest of your The rest of your forces may stay where you thinke fittest for their
forces to stay re creuts from the Association, and for further service. In the

where you '

thinke fittest meane tyrne wee desire you to keepe constant intelligence both

•x™ with the Scottish army and with the Lord Fairfax, that you may

Keepe intelli- bee ready for the assistance of Yorkshire, if the forces that are in

gence with the Westmorland and Cumberland should againe fall into those parts.

Si'i itf i^ii and

Lo. Fairfax Ms And wee desire also that your Lo p will send one thousand foot to

army. Abbington with all speed.

Send 1000 foot «. -, „

to Abbington. Signed, etc.

W. Say and Seale. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 14° Augusti, 1644.
By Col. Fleetwood.

No. 12. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

The forces of Hartfordshire levied upon the new Ordinance
having received order from us to march to Abbington have this



morning sent us word that they are upon their march; therefore, Hertfordshire
wee desire your Lo^ that they may bee part of that 1000 which 1^ of°iooo
your Loi' was to send thither. Your Lo p may please to appoint men for Ab-
over them such a major as you shall thinke fitt, or to imbody them
with other forces to make them a regiment. And for the forces of
Norfolke or Suffolke, the disposition of the major being by the
Ordinance left to this Committee, wee desire your Lo p to appoint
over them whom you please. But for the Major of Essex, att the
instant request of the Committee of that county, wee have bestowed
it upon Major Moore. And for the supplying of the rest of your
] 000 wee have appointed that Colonell Ayloff 's men now att Col. Ayloff's
Newport shall march thither, which with 200 of your men att y 0ursa tAyles-
Aylesbury shall make up that number which wee desired for bury to make
* i ■, • i • ■, • • • pUPP tu e 1000.

Abbmgton, which wee conceived most convenient m respect of

their neerenesse to the rendeyvous, and that thereby there will bee
none drawne from your LoP s army. Wee have just now received
the newes (by a lettre from your Loi ,s Scout-mastr to Doctor
Stomes) of the takeing of Sheffield Castle. Wee blesse God for
your good succcesse, and give your Lo p thankes for that good

Signed, &c.

W. Say and Seale. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 15° Augusti, 1644.

By Colonell Fleetwood.

No. 13. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Wee have received from the gentlemen of Yorkshire here in Yorkesbire
towne the proposition which wee send herewith inclosed, and doe your^LoP^care.
recommend it and the state of that county to your Lo p , and desire


that by intelligence held with the Earle of Leven and the Lord
Fairfax (to whom wee have written in like manner) such course
may bee taken therein as to you (who are nearer the place) shall
seeme fitt.

Signed, &c.

W. Say and Seale. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 21° Augusti, 1644.
By the post att night.

No. 14.— For the Committee op both Kingdomes.

I have received your lettres by Maister Harrison, and returne
your LoP s many humble thanks for the notice you were pleased to
take of those services which have been lately done by the forces
under my command. I shall desire to doe my uttmost in discharge
of that trust the Parliament hath beene pleased to honour mee with,
and I trust that God will blesse the endeavours of your servantes.
This day I recieved advertisement from my forces that lyes before
Wingfield Manner, that that place is rendred unto them upon
composition, soe as I hope I shall now have all my forces together
to refresh and recreute them, and be ready for any further service
your LoP s shall comand. In obedience to these last lettres, I shall
prepare a party to send into Cheshire. But, before I send them
away, I shall consult with the Committees of Derby and Nottingt
to know what assistance they will give, their countryes being
free by the takeing of these guarrisons. I shall from tyme to tyme
give your LoP s an account of the occurency of these parts, and be
always ready to obey all your comands as,

My Lords and Gentlemen,

Your L0P 3 most humble servant,
t- i ni , i n Manchester.

Liucolne. 21th Aug. 1644.


Manchester's correspondence. 17

No. 15 — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Sir "William "Waller takes all his forces speedily from Abbington, Sir W. Waller
and goes "westward for my Lord Generall's assistance. Sir Charles ^rd. 6 W °
Gerard and Sir Baynam Throgmorton (as wee heare) is come out sir Charles
of Wales with his forces on this side Bath. Sir Francis Dorrinsfton Gerard and

° Dorrmgton

hath a thousand horse. When Sir "William "Waller is past them, may joyne.

they may joyne and bee able to levie men to raise the seige at

Basing, and to remove the Parliament forces now att Abbington,

any of which will bee of very ill consequence. "Wee have therefore

written to the Committee in Essex to send their new regiment to Essex regi-

Abbington, understanding from them that as yet they had noe ment ordered

° J mi i /• to marcQ to

direction from your LoPP. These and your other forces are there Abbington.

as part of your army, and to bee joyned with it when this emergent

necessitie is over. Wee hope God will soe prosper our affaires in

the north that your Lo p may come with your army neare Oxford,

and then this regiment will bee in a readines for you, and in the

meane tyme kept from a long march backward and forward.

Derby House, 22° Augusti, 1644.

By the Post.

No. 16. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

"Wee wrote unto your Lo p formerly that wee had given order to
the Committee of Essex to march to Abbington with their new
regiment, the forces of Sir W. "Waller being to remove from thence
speedily, and to bee employed in the west for the assistance of my
Lord Generall. This day wee have received a lettre from that



Committee desireing more cleerly to understand our orders, to whom
wee have written that our intentions were that they should march
both horse and foot to Abbington, wherewith wee thought fitt
likewise to acquaint your LoP. Wee have also given order to
300 of the Hartfordshire forces to march to Abbington, and the
remaining two hundred to march to Aylesbury to supply the
absence of Lieutenant-Colonel Sadler's forces, whom wee have
sent to Abbington.

Signed, &c.

Th. Wharton. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 24° Aug. 1644.
By Rowland Fankerd att ten att night.

No. 17. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, sitting
at Derby House.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

According to your comand I prepared a considerable party of
horse and dragoones to send into Cheshire, and consulted with the
Nottingham and Derby Committees what numbers they could aford
in conjuncture with those whom I should send, but I find that they
are not able to give any assistance at all. I find likewise, by lettres
from Sir John Meldrum, that the Lancashire forces, being a very
great body, and having done very considerable services lately in
routing the forces of the enemy, are not willing to come out of
their owne country. I have received this day intelligence, both
by lettres from Sir William Brereton and others, that Prince
Rupert is marching southward. Of these things I thought fitt to
give your LoP s an account, and to knowe your further pleasure,
whether you will have those horse which I send, to march into
Cheshire, notwithstanding these advertisements, and that there can

Manchester's correspondence. 19

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Online LibraryDavid MassonThe quarrel between the Earl of Manchester and Oliver Cromwell: an episode of the English Civil War → online text (page 10 of 17)