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be noe assistance expected from Derby and Nottingham. What-
soever your LoP 3 shall further comand shall be obeyed by
Your Lo? s most humble servant,

Manchester.

Lincolne, 26th Aug. 1644.



No. 18. — For the Committee op both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your lettre which mentions your comanding the
Essex forces to march to Abbington. All your comandes are very
willingly obeyed by mee. I have likewise received a lettre from
your LoP s with some proposicions that were tendred to you from the
Yorkeshire gentlemen concerning the raysing of more forces in that
county. I thinke it a very fitt thing, and gave my advice to the
Lord Fairfax at my first comeing into those partes that it was of
absolute necessity to raise a good strength. I am certaine the
condicion of those partes are such as they have not only oportunity
to raise men, but alsoe meanes to defray the charge. I shall not
further trouble your Lo ps at this tyme, but rest,
My Lords and Gentlemen,

Your LoP s most humble servant,

Manchester.

Lincolne, 27 Aug. 1644.



No. 19. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Wee have here inclosed sent to your LoP the informations wee wee doubt not
have this day received from Lancashire and Cheshire. Wee doubt ^J^^feU
not but according to our former direction you have sent a party to drum and Sir
joyne with Sir John Meldrum and Sir William Brereton and to t0 ^ iam rere "



20 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OP MANCHESTER.

suppresse the forces with Prince Rupert by the [aid 1 ] of the forces
from Westmoreland. Wee recomend to your especiall care that
such a party may bee forthwith sent as may prevent this great and
growing mischeife, and that your LoP would carefully observe the
desires in our former letters sent to you concerning Prince Rupert's
army.

Derby House, 27° Augusti, 1644.

By the Post.



No. 20. — To the Earle of Manchester.

_ . Wee have herewith sent you copies of our lettres from my Lord

Copies to your . .

Lop of Lord Generall Sir W. Waller and Collonel Middleton, whereby your

Wai e ier 1 and W ' L, ° P Wl1 * understand the condition of our affaires in the West. By

Col Middle- your lettres of the 26th of this instant wee perceive your intelligence

is that Prince Rupert with his force is marching southward, with

mardiedsoutli- which our informations doe concurre, and that, the Lancashire and

joyned with Westmoreland horse being joyned with him, hee is a considerable

Westmorland . .

party; is con- body, which may distresse the party with Colonel Middleton, and

siderable. ky ca ]ji n g ff that party will in probability ruine the army with

my Lord Generall. Wee therefore, upon serious debate, conceive

To march -with . - r» -n • -n , i i -i i ,

your whole it most necessary it Prince Kupert do march upwards, that your

army upp to j^p -with your whole army doe march towards Woodstocke, which
Woodstocke. * J . . '

wee conceive the readiest way to assist our lorces in the West, but

our forceHn 8 wee leave it unto your Lo p ; and wee earnestly desire you that

the West. notwithstanding any seige or recreute you would (leaving sufficient

forces to secure your association) with speed march accordingly.

But if Prince Rupert come upp with his horse onely, wee desire
horse onely your horse may forthwith goe on and your foote follow, because in
S^yourhorse probability the tyme of releife of the party with Coll. Middleton
march and
foote follow. Blank m MS -



MANCHESTER'S CORRESPONDENCE.



21



and my Lord Generall's army will bee past before your foote can
come upp. But if upon good intelligence your LoPP doe find that
Prince Rupert with his forces doe not march upwards, wee desire
your LoPP will then send a considerable party to joyne with the
Cheshire and other forces. And for the other part of your army,
besides the party sent into Cheshire and those left to secure your
association, wee offer this to your consideration, that your Lo? with
the rest of your forces will speedily come upp to Abbington where
two of your regiments will bee, in which parts wee very much
want forces for the publique good ; and where your forces may doe
very great service and your recruites goe on. For this last
particular if you approve of it wee desire you speedily to putt itt
into execution ; if not, wee desire speedily to heare from you.
Derby House, 28° Aug. 1644.

By Gardner.



No. 21. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Upon information given us that Sir John Norwich and the horse
under his command had beene for a long tyme out of any employ-
ment, wee sent for him to this Committee, and gave him orders to
march to Abbington; but, being informed by him that his horse
was a part of your LoP s army, wee altered our resolutions, and
ordered him with all expedition to march to your LoPP, which hee
accepted very willingly and promised to performe. It is now above
a moneth since hee received our orders, and wee doe not under-
stand as yet that hee hath putt them in execution. We doe there-
fore desire your Lo? to command him speedily to repaire unto your
army, and obey such orders as hee shall receive from your LoP,
which, if hee shall neglect to doe, wee desire your LoPP to cashiere
him of his charge, and to take such course as you shall thinke fitt



22



CKOMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.



to secure the horse under his command, and their armes for the
service of the State.

Signed, &c.

Northumberland. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 29 Angusti, 164L
By Rouland Fankeard.



Necessity of
your march
westward.



No. 22. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

By the enclosed copie of my Lord Generall's letter your Lo p
will see the state of our affaires in the west, and the necessity of your
speedy march that way with all the forces you can, according to our
former orders. Wee desire you with all expedition to bend your
course that way, and wee hope there will bee such union and
agreement among yourselves, and all differences soe composed and
forgotten, as shall enable them to prosecute the warre effectually
to an happy and speedy end. Wee have given order to the rest of
our forces to come to a rendez-vous for the joynt prosecution of
the warre.

Signed, &c.
Derby House, 1° Septembris, 16tL

By John Arnold att five att night, and a duplicate of this by
Mr. Binding att eleven att night.



Xo. 23. — To the Earle of Manchester.



My Lord,

Wee have received informacion that the forces that were with

Prmce Rupert Prince Rupert are marched toward Bristoll. Wee therefore desire

marched to- x .

ward Bristoll. your Lo?p to send all the horse you can spare with all expedition



Manchester's correspondence. 23

to Abbington (leaving onely soe many as may serve to march upp Send all the
with your foot), with which, and the rest of your horses, wee desire smre to Al> n
you will also march according to our former orders. And for those bington.
forces that are gone toward Cheshire, wee desire (seeing the forces
that lately fought with Sir William Brereton's are marched away)
that you will give order to them to march the nearest way forth-
with to Abbington.

Signed, &c.

Northumberland. Jo. Maitland.

Derby House, 2° Septembris, 1644.

One by Mr. Potter, another by the Post, third by R. Fankeard How and when
on Tuesday att night September the



No. 24. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your lettre of the 29 of Aug. and shall observe
your comands in marching towards you as soone as I can. I had
designed a party of horse and dragoones for Cheshire, and they
were 20 miles onward of their march. But receiving lettres from
Sir William Brereton which doe assure me of the Prince's being
gone out of those parts, and his horse and foote gotten very neare
Bristoll by the way of Wales, I have recalled my horse and
dragoones, and intend to march with all the force I have to
Abbington. I shall from tyme to tyme give your LoPP s an account
of my marches, and shall obey your LoP s comands as

Your Lo ps most humble servant,

Manchester.

Lineolne, 2° Sept. 1644.



24 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.



No. 25. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your lettre of the second of September, and
likewise the duplicate thereof. I shall obey your comands, and am
now upon my march. As soone as I can get some money, which
I have sent for, and expect it to morrow night or Thursday, I shall
then send away before me to Abbington as many of the horse as
shall be judged convenient to be spared from the foote, and, with
the rest of the horse and foote, I shall make what haste I can to
Abbington according to your comandes. I am,

My Lords and Gentlemen,

Your most humble servant,

Manchester.

Lincolne, 4° Sept. 1644.



No. 26.— For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your Lo? 3 lettre of the third of this instant and
am making what hast possibly I can to obey your comands. I
quarter this night at Bowrne, and shall have, God willing, all those
forces of horse and foote to morrow night quartered at Peterborough
or Stamford, and soe to Huntington; for it is of absolute necessity
wee march that way in regard of money and other necessaryes
which wee want and hope to be supplied of them there. I intend,
God willing, to be at Huntington to-morrow night my selfe to get
in readinesse all things that shall be wanting for the horse, that I
may send them away before the foote, and shall march away with



MANCHESTER S CORRESPONDENCE. 25

the foote and the rest of the horse as fast as possibly I can to
Abbington. My Lords and Gentlemen I shall be always ready to
observe your comands as,

Your L0P 3 most humble servant,

Manchester.

Bourne, 5° Sept. 1644.



No. 27. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I received this morning your LoP s lettre, together with a copy of
my Lord Generall's lettre, which gives a very sad account of his
present condition, of the which I have a very deepe sense. The Lord's
arme is not shortned though wee be much weakned. I trust he will
gives us a happy recovery. I shall, with all the speed I can, march
in observance of your former orders. I cannot expect to have any
recreutes, being I am to march soe sudden from these partes, which
will be a great disappointing to me considering the weakenes of
these forces. I shall from tyme to tyme acquaint your LoP s with
my marches. Concerning those differences which your LoP s take
notice to be amongst some of this army, I hope your Lo? 3 shall
finde that I shall take such care as, by the blessing of God, nothing
of the publique service shall be retarded.

My Lords and Gentlemen, I am

Your LoP s most humble servant,

Manchester.

Huntington, Sept. 8°, 1644.



CAMD. SOC



26 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.



No. 28.— To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Counties Wee have written to all the countyes of your Association to speed

written too to . . , T P

hasten your away the remainder of the forces assigned to your Lo pp for recreuts,

recrmtes. or otherwise; a copie whereof wee send inclosed, and desire your

Appoint some Lo?p to give your orders accordingly, and appoint some officers to

comuicuhem. conduct them to your LoPP, and not retard your march.

Signed, &c.

Derby House, 9° September, 1644.



By John Preistly.



No. 29. — To my Lord of Manchester.

My Lord,

Wee have received agayne this day intelligence that the horse
of my Lord Generall, under the command of Commissary Generall
Bebre and Behre, and those with Lieutenant-Generall Middleton, are joyned
^oyned* 011 together, and are marching toward Somerton and Weymouth.
Foote on tbeir And that the foote were all come as farre as Okehampton, towards
Impton SOUth " Southampton, where there will bee both armes and cloathes for
them, and wee hope there will bee speedily a very good army on
King intends foote agayne. The King intends with his army to march to
Oxford if he can get through. Therefore wee desire your LoP p
to make all the expedition you can possible to Abbington, and to
give us advertisement of your marches as you proceed.
Derby House, 11° 7bris. 1644.
By Binding att nine att night.



Manchester's correspondence. 27



No. 30. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your Lo ps lettre of the 21th of this instant,
together with the votes of both Houses of Parliament, the which I
shall readily obey. I am now upon my march to Reading accord-
ing to your former orders. I have already written to Sir William
Waller to give him an account where I intend to be according to
your orders, and I shall from tyme to tyme keepe as an exact
intelligence with him as I can. Your Lo ps shall not need to feare
any disagreement on my part in point of comand. The only
difficulty I looke upon (which I hope your Lo ps will take into your
consideracion), that when wee doe joyne wee may have such a
considerable strength as may keepe up the reputacion of an army.
My Lords and Gentlemen, I am

Your Lo ps humble servant,

Manchester.

Watford, 22 Sept. 1644.



No. 31. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

By the order enclosed your Lo pp will see the resolucion of the
House of Commons concerning your march, and what they expect
in reference to that order, which wee have therefore sent your Lo pp ,
and doe most earnestly desire you that according to that order and
our former requests your Lo pp will speed your march into the west. Speed your
The enemies horse wee heare are come to Bridgwater, the foote Wes j. accor) i_
to Crediton, and comeing eastward. Your Lo pp was present att our in S t0 y° ur

i • • • \\- • order from the

debates an*l doe know the necessitie of this service. \\ ee desire by House.



28 CROMAVELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.

the messenger to heare from you. The House of Commons will
expect a dayly knowledge of your Lo*' 3 pursuing their desires.
Derby House, 24° Septb 9 , 1644.
By Mr. Binding.



No. 32. — For the Right Honorable the Committee of

BOTH KlNGDOMES, &C.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your LoP s lettrc, together with the vote of the
House of Commons. It is very probable that that House and your
Loi ,s may be informed of my being at Uxbridg; for the bridge of
Maydenhead being broken, I am constrayncd to stay untill it be
soe mended as that I may passe over; which my carpenters enformed
me could not be done untill this night. This also being the fast day
I thought it a duty to seeke God. Your Lo ps may be assured that
I shall march as soone as with- any conveniency I can, and, there-
fore, I shall desire that favour from your Lo? 3 that my former
observances to your commands may somewhat prevaile in lessening
the opinions of my backwardnesse to obey your comands. 1 was
present at some of the debates which your Lo ps mention, and your
Loi )S know what my humble opinion was. I am still of the same
minde, that if the King.be upon his march, in that condition that 1
see those armyes in, you doe expose us to scorne, if not to ruine;
but, my Lords, when my sense is delivered I shall obey as farre as
in me lyes. Your Loi JS desire me to send my horse before me
westward. Your LoP 3 know that you have comanded most of my
horse and some foote and dragoones to Banbury. I have with me
but a compleat number to guard the foote that are with me. Your
Lo rs shall have a dayly account of my pursuing your orders.
My Lords and Gentlemen, I am your humble servant,

Manchester.

Harfeild, 25 Sept. 1641.



Manchester's correspondence. 29



No. 33. — To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Wee received your lettre, and doe assure ourselves your Lo?p Our orders
will speedily march with your forces westward. But where your ^R™ e rtatt
Lo p P writes of this Committee's ordering most of your horse, some EvesMme.
dragooners and foote, our orders were because of the forces of
Prince Rupert about Evesholrne, and the enemies entring your
Association, that 1500 of your horse and dragoones should stay 1500 horse and
about Oxford; but how many dragoones was left to your pleasure, stay about
and out of which 1500 your LoPP might send some into Lincolne- Oxford,
shire soe they exceed not 500; and all the rest of your horse and All the rest to
foote were forthwith to march into the West, and your horse to goe west.
on before your foote, excepting soe many horse as shall bee necessary
to march with your foote.

Derby House, 26° Septembris, 1644.

By John Preistly att eight att night and duplicate.



No. 34. — For the Right Honourable, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your letter and shall with what I can obey your
comands. I hope you will be carefull to hasten such forces as
were in your intentions to send, for these that are with me are not
a strength sufficient to hazard the issue of our affayres upon. This
day most of my forces are to passe over at Mayclenhead, which they
could not have done sooner. I have sent 500 horse into Lincoln-
shire. I have left Lieut.-Generall Cromwell's regiment of horse at



30 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.

Banbury with 3 companyes of dragoones and 7 companyes of foote.
The rest of the horse and foote are with mee. I am,
My Lords and Gentlemen,

Your Lo Ps most humble servant,

Manchester.

Harfeild, 27 Sept. 1644.



No. 35.— To the Earle of Manchester.

My Lord,

Wee have received information from Lieutenant-Generall
Sir Thomas Cromwell that Sir Thomas Glemham with 21 col[ou]rs of horse
Glemham an( j dragoones is marched from Newarke by Ashby, as it is beleived
marched from . , . . , . t-> i • • ^

Newarke. with an intention to raise the seige at Banbury or joyne with

Prince Rupert. Wee have written to Colonell Fleetwood, if that
Fleetwood to information shall prove true, to returne with the 500 horse sent

returne out of j t Lincolnshire under his command, to such place as Lieutenant-
Lincolneshire. l

Generall Cromwell shall appoint for his assistance against them-
selves. Wee wrote unto your Lo p formerly to leave onely about
Toleayel500 Oxford 1,500 horse and dragoones, and with all the rest of your

horse and forces, horse and foot, to march westward, and to send your horse
drauoones ' ' _ ~, . ,

about Oxford, before your foot, leaving onely with your loot a sufficient guard.

According to the order of the House of Commons, the copie whereof
Use all possible is here inclosed, wee againe desire your Lo p to use all possible
expedition in expedition in your march westward, and to send your horse before
westward? your foot, leaving onely with your foot a sufficient guard, which
wee conceive five hundred to bee upon consideration of the informa-
tions wee have received concerning the marching of the King's
forces eastward, and of the waies and meanes to oppose their designes.

Sir. W.Waller w j thought fitt to write to Sir W. Waller that if the King's
to stay about ^ ° _, _ , °. e

Shaftsbury if forces shall continue westward that hee stay about bnattsbury, it

we e stwai?i. StayS hee can doe it with safety. And if the King shall march eastward,



Manchester's correspondence. 31

that hee come to Marlborough or thereabouts, to which places ray
Lord Generall (according as hee shall heare of the King's motions)
is to send 1,500 of his horse, or at least soe many as hee can have in
readinesse ; and wee doe likewise desire your Lo p to send your horse gend your
(soe many as may guard your foote excepted) to the same places of ^ rc L s |°
Shaftsbury or Marlborough, according as you shall understand of Marlborough,
the motions of the King's forces. Wee have desired my Lord
Generall to send his foot to Newbury, to which place wee desire
your LoP to cause your foot to march; and wee shall use our best
endeavours to hasten thither the citty forces.
Derby House, 28° Septembris, 164-i.

By Mr. Butler.



No. 36. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I am now at Reading, and have received letters from Sir William
Waller by which he advertises mee of his being at Shaftsbury with
a reasonable good body of horse and dragoones, but the foote which
he had with him he hath beene inforced to divide into Plymouth
and the port townes of those countyes, soe as he hath none or but
few with him. I believe, therefore } your L0P 3 will not think it
wisdome in mee, nor to stand with the safety of the present con-
dition of your affaires, to march further with soe inconsiderable a
strength as I have. Since I came hither I have made some inquiry
into the strength of Abbington, and I heare that it is in such a
condition as I much feare it will not be a place for you to rely
upon. This towne is of very great consequence, and it is a great
prejudice that the fortifications have beene soe neglected. I am
much troubled to heare of the enemyes over running most part of
Lincolneshire. It cannot but much distract and distress those
associated countyes. I heare that the King with his strength was



32 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.

expected at Sherborne on Friday last. If he march speedily into
these partes it will concerne your Lo ps to have your forces in as
good a posture as you can. My Lords and Gentlemen, I shall
alwayes desire to approve my selfe

Your most humble servant,

Manchester.

Reading, 29° Sept. 1644.

Postscript. — Since I wrote the other part of my letter I have
intelligence that Prince Rupert is come to Welles, and that a
good party of the Kinge's horse bend their march for Malborough.
I sent this day to view the Castle of Dunington, and I am informed
that there is little probability of takeing it without more tyme then
it is probable they will have. There are very good gunns, which
if they be not tymely brought off they may be in danger to be lost.
Your LoP 3 will finde that if the King march into these partes
Abbington will not be able to resist him, but those men will be a
prey unto him. I thought it my duty to give your LoP 3 this
account, and I referre the determining what shall be done unto your
LoP s wisedomes.



N 37. — Fo R the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have received your LoP s lettre of the 28th of this instant, by
which I perceive your LoP s have given order for the recalling of
Colonel Fleetwoode's regiment of horse, which I had appointed to
goe into Lincolnshire to their assistance. The number I appointed
was by your LoP 3 comand, and therefore I hope I have not erred in
it. I shall be very glad if those parties may be in such a condicion
as they may not want such a strength to releive them. I am mis-
informed if the enemy within these few dayes be not broken into.
Lindsey Coste, and plundered and spoyled the country of Lindsey,



Manchester's correspondence. 33

soe farre as Louthe, soe as most of the people of those partes are
fled into Boston for their safety. According to your LoP s former
orders I have left about Oxford Lieutenant- Generall Cromwelles
regiment of horse and three troopes of dragoones, with the rest of
the horse and foote I am marched thus farre westward. Most of
my horse are quartered betwixt Newberry and Basing. I did in
my last lettre to your Lo ps take the bouldnesse to acquaint you how
unsafe I thought it for me to march further then this place with
soe small a number of foote as I yet have with me. AVhen any
further strength shall be gathered together in these parts I shall
be very ready to doe the best service I can. Your Lo ps very well
know the obligacion I haue to those countyes who haue, as farre as
in them lay, put this trust upon mee. I receive from them dayly
lettres expressing their great trouble that their forces are drawne
soe farre from them; and your LoP s well know that by Ordinance
of Parliament these forces are not to be comanded any whether but
with the consent of the Comittees of the Associacion. The Comittee
for Sutfolke sent mee some reasons why they did conceive the distance
of these forces might be of sad consequence to them, the which I
send your Lo ps here inclosed; it being a duty which I owe both
to your Loi ,s and to them to represent things cleerly and plainly
unto you, and to desire that your comands may be such as that in
giveing obedience to your Lo ps I may discharge my duty towards
them who have placed this trust in me for their owne security.
My Lords and Gentlemen, I am

Your LoP s most humble servant,

Manchester.

Reading, 30° Sept. 1644.


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Online LibraryDavid MassonThe quarrel between the Earl of Manchester and Oliver Cromwell: an episode of the English Civil War → online text (page 11 of 17)