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No. 55.— To my Lord Generall and Lord Manchester.

My Lords,

The House of Comons hath recomended to this Comittee that
some of your Lo Ps forces should be sent to the-seige of Bassing for
the reduceing of that garrison, which is a service of very great
concernment.

Wee desire your Lo ps being upon the place, and knowing best More forces to
the state of your forces, to send such of your forces thither for that ]3 a ^ n „.
purpose as you thinke fitt, soe as it may stand with our other
affaires which wee have formerly written to your LoP s about.

Darby House, 16° Octobris. 1644.

By Mr. Boyce, Lord Generall Messenger.



No. 56. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

According to advice with Sir W. Waller, and in order to a con-
junction with my Lord Generall, I am marched to Basingstoke,
and came hither upon Thursday. Yesternight late, I received a
very hott allarme from Sir William Waller's quarters that the King
with all his army was come to Andover, and that he was upon his
retreate towards mee, whereupon I drew out my foote and those
horse that were with mee, in order to have done the best service I
could for Sir W. Waller's security. But, blessed be God, he is
safely retreated hither with little or noe losse. And Sir William
Balfour is likewise come hether with my Lord Generall's horse.
Upon this alarme I sent to my Lord Generall to advertise him of
it, and to desire his speedy advance, who, notwithstanding some
difficulties, is marched this night to Alton. Upon this suddaine
occasion I tooke upon me to write to Sir James Harrington, to
desire him to bring up 4 of the Citty Regiments hither to mee.



48 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.

I thought it necessary for the safety of Reading to leave one
regiment there. If I have erred in this I humbly ask your pardon.
I doe not heare that King doth march this day, onely I heare that
some of his horse were drawn up about White Church.

My Lords and Gentlemen, I shall be glad to receive your
comands, as

Your LoP 9 most humble Servant,

Manchester.

Basingstoake, 19° Octobris, 1644.

My Lords and Gentlemen, Wee are both now come hither and
can give your Lo? 8 noe further intelligence then what is conteyned
in this letter. Wee are glad to heare that the Citty Regiments are
come so neare, and doubt not but you will give my Lord Man-
chester thankes for that ; he desires your pardon. Wee remayne
your most humble servants

yf. Jhonston. Jo. Crewe.



No. 57. — For the Right Honourable the Comittee

OF BOTH KlNGDOMES, &C.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

Yesterday upon Buckleberry Heath wee received your letter,
which gave us hope that the army will shortly receive the provisions
which you have sent. The newes of Newcastle came very seasonably
unto us, which much encouraged the souldiers, and soe affected them
that many of the regiments went presently of their own accord to
solemne prayer. The army, about an hower before night, came
within a myle and within view of the enemy, who was drawne
forth in a body upon a place of advantage neere Newberry. Our
dragoones and theirs fired one upon another for two howers; twenty
of our horses were killed, but not one of our men lost. A Captaine
of our horse, who came up in the vann, was shott in the thigh, six
of the clock in the evening. It was resolved last night that the



Manchester's correspondence. 49

field should be viewed by the chiefe officers early this morning. It
will be an advantage to us to set upon his army on this side New-
berry, because wee shall be betwixt the enemy and our provisions ;
and to fall upon him on the other side, because we shall be betwixt
the enemy and Prince Kupert, who is dayly expected with additional
forces ; the ground not having beene viewed they could determine
nothing herein. Being informed by those that came from London
that they met many souldiers going homewards, wee renew our desire
that some exemplary punishment may be inflicted upon them. Wee
remaine,

My Lorde,

Your LoP s humble servants,

W. Jhonston, Jo. Crewe.

Thatcham, 26° Octob. 1644.

Wee have had a faire night (blessed be God), and hope for a faire
day.



No. 58. — For the Eight Honourable the Comittee of

BOTH KlNGDOMES, &C.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

The forces mentioned in our last lettre came from Wickam
Heath towards the place where the King's forces were drawn up,
betweene Dennington- and Newberry, neere the Castle, having noe
way to passe but by a wood and through laynes. Wee mett workes
and fortifications crossing those laynes which they had at night
beene casting up, and wherein they planted ordinance ; they had
also other ordinance, two bodyes of their horse and two brigades
of foote, at a little distance. They played also from the Castle upon
our men with great shott ; they were hard to gayne, yet it pleased
God soe to incourage the [their ?] spirit, among whom my Lord
Generall's forces had a most speciall care, and soe to blesse their
endeavors, that about five a clocke (which was but the space of an

CAMD. SOC. H



50 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.

hower after their falling to worke) they tooke it by storming, and
got 4 peece of ordnance ; afterwards, beating the enemy of his
ground, they got other five ordnance ; my Lord Generall's foote
tooke much contentment in regaining some of their ordnance.
Our horse stood very gallantly under the view and danger of the
canon playing directly upon them when they were drawing them-
selves together to secure the foote, and in charging the enemy put
them to a retreate, and hath taken the Earle of Cleveland, who had
that brigade.

That all the generall officers did very resolutely their partes ; my
Lord of Manchester fell upon the other passe in a seasonable tyme.
Your LoP s most humble servants,

W. Jhonston, Jo. Crewe.






From our league betweene Bennington and Newberry,
27° Octobris. 1644.



No. 59. — For the Eight Honourable the Committee of

BOTH KlNGDOMES, &C.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

As wee wrote in our last lettre, and as we repeate lest that should
miscarry, yesterday, about 4 of the clocke, those forces which went
from Thatcham towards Newberry by the way of Wickam Heath
and were there drawen up set upon a worke and breast-worke, well
guarded with ordnance, horse, and foote, which commanded all the
wayes which lead to that side of the field betwixt Newberry and
Dennington Castle, where the King's army was drawne up. The
workes were made strong, although they had but little tyme, that
the gaineing of them would have lost much tyme and beene doubt-
full if the foote (amongst whom my Lord Generallea particular
forces deserved very well) had not with extraordinary resolution
stormed them, which they did within an hower after the first
charge. Upon their unexpected entrance into the workes their



Manchester's correspondence. .51

foote which secured them all ran and left the ordnance that were
placed in and about the workes. Maior Generall Skippon hazarded
himselfe to much. Sir W. Balfour used great dilligence, there
being but few field officers of horse. Sir William Waller, Sir
Arth. Hesilrige, Sir James Harrington, Lieut.-Generall Middleton,
Lieut.-Generall Cromwell, Major- Generall Crawford, Major-Generall
Holborne, Coll. Greemes, and diverse others did very good service.
The Earle of Manchester, about 4 of the clocke, endeavoured to
force a passage through Shaw, a village on the other side of the
field where the King's forces lay. P. Maurice was on that side, and
many of the King's best foote, who maintained those passes, although
they were very bravely assaulted. The Earle of Manchester for
want of day light and by reason of the great guards did not take
the passages ; but his employing soe many of the King's forces on
that side was of great advantage to our other forces. The battaile
lasted about three howers. They fought at least an hower by moone-
shine. The Earle of Manchester and those on the other side were
ignorant of each others successe till the next morning. The Earle
of Cleveland was taken prisoner and is sent up to London, and, as
wee heare, Colonell Goring's younger brother was slayne. Captaine
Galler, one of my Lord Generall's captaines, was slaine. Our side
tooke nine pieces of ordnance. Major Skippon guesseth that the
number slaine on both sides were betweene two and three hundred.
The King's forces were all gone before this morning. Some few
carts were left on the field, but the carriages were put into Den-
nington Castle and soe neare it that they could not be taken off.
All our horse and dragoones, except 1000 which stay with the
Earle of Manchester, are gone after the King's forces, which wee
heare are gone toward Walling ford. Wee desire you to take into
your consideracon how the foote army shall be disposed, and how
they may be provided for ; none of your provisions are as yet come,
but wee hope will be shortly. Wee desire to give God the glory
of this victory, it being His worke and upon His day. The Earle



52 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.

of Manchester marcheth to-morrow to Blewbury. We rest, my
Lords,

Your Lo pa humble servants,

yt. Jhonston. Jo. Crewe.

Newbury, 28° Octob. 1844.

Wee earnestly entreat you to take care that the want of chirur-
geons may be supplyed. It is a miserable thing to see men want
meanes of cure who have beene wounded in the defence of the
publique.

No. 60. — To my Lord Manchester and the Comanders-in-

Chiefe.
My Lords and Gentlemen,

Understanding by my Lord Wareston and Mr % Crew that it was

Opinion of the unanimous opinion of a Councell of Warre that the carriages
Councell of c - . , , . , , ,

Warre to stay necessary tor the army cannot passe to Abbington, and that the

NewbS- 7 ab ° Ut f ° rCeS snould contm ue united at Newbury and thereabouts till the
King's army went to winter quarters, wee stayed a lettre written
from the Houses for your advancing forward till this morning, to
the end wee might acquaint them in generall that the opinion
of a Councell of Warre upon the place was for another way. Upon

Houses' lettre which report from this Comittee the Houses have appointed that
their lettre should not be sent. Wee have given you notice hereof

Left to them with all speed, and leave it to you, if you thinke fitt, to goe backe

upon the place. ^^ ^ Qva f QQte tQ N ew b ur y ? an( J to ma ke tne b est use y OU can Q f

your horses and dragoones. Wee desire you to keepe your forces
To take together, and to endeavour to take in Denington Castle. Battering

Castle g 01 peeces and amunicion will be quickly with you for that purpose.
A regiment to Wee recommend unto you the sending a regiment to Basing, and
Basing. to h ave an e y e t0 a n t k e not i ons f t ] ie enem y i n the meane tyme.

Darby House, 5° November, 1644.
By Durant, at 12 morn.



Manchester's correspondence. 53



No. 61. — For the Right Honourable the Committee or

BOTH KlNGDOMES.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I have receieved your LoP s lettre of the 5th of this instant, and
acquainted the rest of the Comanders-in-Chiefe with the contents of
your Lo ps lettre, and accordingly wee are all this night come to
Newbury. Wee have very uncertaine intelligence where the
enemy is, but wee heare his intentions are to fetch the artillery
and amunicion in Denington Castle. I thought fitt to give your
LoP s what we heare of the enemyes motions, and what is done
by us.

My Lords and Gentlemen, I am,

Your Lo ps humble servant,

Manchester.

Newbury, 6° November, 1644.



No. 62. — To my Lord Manchester and the Comanders-in-
Cheife.

My Lord and Gentlemen,

By the inclosed Order you see the minde of the House concern-
ing Basing and Wiltshire, which wee recommend to your speciall Concerning
care and speedy execution. Wee are of opinion that the Citty wiTtsbire* 1
Regiment which hath beene all this tyme in Reading may most fitly Tbe Citty

be sent to Basing, and in the roome thereof a regiment of rav re S iment at
t i u i > it i • i ,. Reading be

Lord Manchester s, or such other as you thinke fitt may be put into sent to Basing.

Reading. The regiment being sent to Basing wee desire that

Colonell Ludlow's Regiment of horse may be sent into Wiltshire,

and this to be done with all expedition.

Darby House, 6° November, 1664.

By Bulmer.



54 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.



No. 63. — To my Lord Manchester.

My Lord,

By the copie enclosed your LoP sees what intelligence wee have
received. Wee desire by all meanes you can to enforme yourselves
of the certainty thereof, and if you finde the intelligence to be true,
To send after to send after them such a body of horse as may prevent them
body of horse. e i tner ln spoyling and plundering the country, or attempting any
guarrisons, or maching toward the associacion, which wee recomend
to your especiall care.

Darby House, 6° Novenibris, 1644.
By Buhner.



No. 64. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

I received two lettres from your LoP s the last night, both of them
of the 26th of this instant, and they have beene comunicated to the
rest of the comanders-in-chiefe. All our intelligence is that the
King is come to AVallingford with his whole army, and that he
intends to march to Dennington Castle. And therefore, their
opinion is, that it is not safe to make any division of our forces
untill we know certainely what the intentions of the enemy are.
I hope a day or two will discover what wee shall resolve of, which
I shall acquaint your LoP s . I have nothing else at present to offer
to you but the service of

Newberry, 8° Novemb. 1644.



Your Lo? 3 humble servant,

Manchester.



Manchester's correspondence. 55



No. 65. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

Yesterday, late in the evening, wee had certaine intelligence that
the enemies' whole army were within 5 or 6 mile of us. And this
day, betwixt 10 and 11 of the clocke, they drew up to Dennington
Castle, and from thence, they both with their horse and foote drew
into a plaine field betweene the towne Newberry and the Castle.
It was not held safe for us to draw out, in regard the Castle by
their ordnance would have done much spoyle upon us. Therefore
wee resolved to make good the towne. The enemy came on upon
us, but by the blessing of God he received such a repulse as that he
is retreated. And the night falling on wee could not pursue them.
But wee have sent out scouts to observe their motions, and doe
intend to follow them. Wee shall have a particular care of the
towne of Heading, according to your Lo? 3 comands in your lettre of
the 8th of November, which wee received this night.

My Lords and Gentlemen, wee have nothing more to give your
LoP s an account of, but rest

Your LoP 3 humble servantes,

Manchester.



William Waller.
W. Balfour.



Newberry, 9° Novemb. 1644.



No. 66. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c

My Lords and Gentlemen,

By our last wee gave your Lo ps an account of the King's
attempts to force us out of Newberry. It was impossible for us to
hinder the King from takeing his traine out of the Castle, and to
keepe the towne of Newberry, he comeing with soe considerable an



56 CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.

army, for had we drawne up between the Castle and the King, the
King had wheeled about and possessed the towne. Then the
weather and want would have driven us to a retreate. The King
would not only have his traine, but the towne as a quarter, and
Basing releived, and that had been the best. Wee heare the last
night he drew out some of his traine, and sent it to Wallingford.
This morning early wee found him drawne up in battalia, both
horse and foote, about a mile from the Castle. Wee drew out,
intending to have falne upon his army. But considering his many
advantages of ground and the weather falling bad, following might
breake our army, the officers of the foote complaining of the
lessening of their foote, and many hundreds of our horses be already
dead, and the living very weake, and many of the troopers run
from their colours. And being assured that upon our quitting
Newberry the enemy would forthwith take it, wee thought it fittest
to returne to Newberry, where wee now are watching the King's
motions and waiting your LoP s further orders. And in the meane
tyme wee will do what to our best understandings wee apprehend
fittest for the publique, and are

Your Lop 3 humble servantes,

Manchester.

William Waller.

W. Balfour.

Newberry, 10 November, 1644.



No. 67. — To the Earle of Manchester, Comander-in-
Cheife in the Army.

Mt Lord and Gentlemen,

This morning wee received your lettre of the 8th of this instant,
by which wee understand that the King is come to Wallingford with
his whole army, and that hee intends to march to Dennington
Castle, and wee are very glad that you have taken that resolution



Manchester's correspondence. 57

which was our advise to you in our last letter, that it is not safe to Send us fre-
divide your forces untill you know certainly what the intentions Rence f t h e
of the enemie are, concerning whose motions and your resolutions enemies

7 ° J motions and

wee desire you to send us frequent intelligence. your resolu-

Darby House, 9° November, 1644.
By Durant.



No. 68. — For the Committee of both Kingdomes, &c.

My Lobds and Gentlemen,

It is the desire of the chiefe officers in these armyes that your
Lo ps may have a right understanding of this late action of the
King's advance towards us, and of his releiveing of Dennington
Castle, and therefore they have thought it fitter that Sir Arthur
Hesilrig, who was present here, should give your Lo p3 an account
of it, then to make a relation of it by letter. We haveing nothing
further to offer to your LoP 3 but the service of

Your LoP s most humble servants,

Manchester.

William Waller.

W. Balfour.

Newbeny, 12° November, 1644.



No. 69. — To my Lord Manchester and the rest of the
Commanders, &c.

My Lord and Gentlemen,

Wee have received your letters concerning the releife of Den-
nington Castle by the enemie, and are very sory that they mett not Sorry the



Ki.



with that opposition that was expected from an army that God had was not
blessed lately with soe happy a victorie against them. Soe long as °PP° sed -
the enemie continues in the field, wee cannot advise that you
should goe to your winter quarters, but are very desirous that,
CAMD. SOC. I



army



58



CROMWELL AND THE EARL OF MANCHESTER.



Keepe your
forces together
whilst the King-
is in the field.



Prevent the
releife of
Basing.

Wee cannot
send commis-
sioners into
the army.



Your under-
takings to bee
resolved by
common



keeping your forces together, you will use your best endeavours to
recover the advantage the enemie hath lately gained in releiving
Dennington.

This upon consideracion of the present posture of affaires wee
have thought fitt to advise, but leave it you who are upon the
place if you find reason to the contrary to doe therein as you shall
thinke most for the advantage of the publique. And because the
enemie probably doth intend the releife of Basing, wee recommend
it to your speciall care to prevent that designe, which not pre-
vented would exceedingly encourage the enemie and bee very
prejudicall to the publique affaires. Diverse of this Committee goe
along with the propositions of peace, soe that wee cannot for the
present send any to the army. And, that all your affaires may
bee managed with the greater unanimitie and executed with the
more cheefulnesse, it is our desire that all your undertakings and
enterprises bee resolved upon by common advise of a councell of
warre, and from time to time give us frequent advertisements of
your proceedings.

Darby House, 12° Novemb. 1644.

By Mr. Hanbury.



NARRATIVE



EARL OF MANCHESTER'S CAMPAIGN.



a In the beginning at my coming into the Earle of Manchester's
army in February last I was commanded to goe with Cromwell
towards Hilsdan Howse, which was taken, and so ordered to con-
tinue about Buckingam and thereabouts with both horse and foote.
Cromwell went to Cambridge for the further settlement of things
there, and in his absence one Leiftenant Paker, b a notorious Ana-
baptist, disobeyed Major-General Craufurd's orders neere Bedford,
whereupon the head of the armie gave the said Paker a sore cheque
and putt him in arest, so that the said Paker complayned to the
said Cromwell, who uppon my returne to Cambridge sent Leiftenant
Coll. Kich c to signifie unto mee that I did exceeding ill in chequing
such a man which was not well taken, kee being a Godly man, 6 - and
so further of that there was no more. At Stanford uppon our
advance to Lincolne for the reduceing of it there was a party of
horse sent out uppon intelligence given of the Earle of Newcastle's
horse coming to Tuxford and Mansfeild, and Cromwell went with it
towards Lincolne e but did nothing at all ; and shortly after wee

a This appears to be the document mentioned by Carlyle. — CromwelVs Letters,
&c. vol. i. p. 242.— G.C.

b Packer. This is not John Packer the proprietor of Donnington Castle but
Robert Packer, afterwards a Major-General.— G.C.

c One of the most trusted officers of Horse. Colonel Rich, however, attempted to
betray Cromwell during the Protectorate. — G.C.

d Underscored by a subsequent hand.

6 " towards Lincolne " added by another hand.



60 NARRATIVE OF THE

advanced to Lincolne, which was taken, and so shortly after that
my Lord of Manchester did joyne his forses with the Scots and my
Lord Fairfax in the takeing in of Yorkejlk the aforesaid tyme from
the beginning of our coming out from Cambridge till wee came to
Lincolne. The sinister endes of Cromwell weare not knowne but
by the putting out of all brave gentlemen in the army by false
suggestions to my Lord and bringing in of others in theire places,
whoe afterward proved traytors and cowards, and still fomenting
further mischeife in the army, notably seconded by Pickering.
Before Yorke, our horse being absent from my Lord of Manchester
in pretence of doeing good service to the publicque, Cromwell and
his creatures did nothing but foment sedition and dissention in my
Lord's army of horse, in so much that hee, to withdrawe the hearts
of people from the Earle of Manchester, by some sinister and
pernitious course hee framed a petition which was managed by
Leiftenant-Collonell Whaley and Leiftenant-Coll. Lilburne, and in
the procureing of the officers' hands unto it, sundry denying the
underwriting thereof, as Cap. John and Samuell Moody, Cap.
Pattison, Cap. Arminger, Cap. La Hunte, and Major Wilde, who
uppon there refusall weare threatened with these words: "Take
heede what they did, for it was to goe through the army, and
Cromwell did take an accoante who had not underwrytten it, mutche
loilifieing them that did not* The petition was of such stuff that it
was highly mutinous, and to putt out all men out of the armie
that were not Brownists, or of such like sects, much diminishing
my Lord's honor and the rest of the gentlemen.in the army. The Peti-
tion is still extant in Cromwell's hands ; so that uppon the takeing
of Yorke articles weare granted to the enemy to march away with
armes and baggage, who weare uppon the way, notwithstanding the
safe conduct from the three generalls, robbed, and most what they
had taken from them by my Lord of Manchester's horse, of whom a
Leiftenant and many troopers and other officers weare taken and
brought before a Martialls Court at Doncaster, where Cromwell thrust
a The words underscored are interlined by another hand.



earl or Manchester's campaign. 61

himselfe without order, or law, to bee president. It was found in the
court that the Leiftenant was highly guilty of the robbery with all
the rest. Notwithstanding all that hee, haveing the name of a Godly
man, beeing an Independant, was sett at liberty by Cromwell, which
highly incensed our enemies for our falshood against them at
Doncaster. Major- General Craufurd was sent into Darbyshire with
a party of my Lord of Manchester's army for the reduceing of that
country to the obedience of the Parliament, which after it was
done by command the said Craufurd returned with the army to
Lincolne. At that tyme there weare severall letters too the Com-
mittee of both Kingdomes to my Lord of Manchester for the send-
ing of a strong party into Chesehire, and so resolved so soone as the
Major-Generall came home that the party should goe, which was


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