paid to pauses, the writer may increase their number indefinitely :
In truth, in fact, in fine, in short, in general, in particular, no doubt, of
course, as it were, to be bi-ief, to be sure, without doubt, without question,
beyond question, in the mean time, in a word, by chance, for the most part.
3. "Whether the words of a phrase should be united in writing depends
very much upon the convenience of the joining. When the words unite
without an angle, as is often the case, it adds greatly to the facility of the
writing. Such is the case in the following phrases : ought to be, ouyht to
do, at the, to them, from this, from that, from them, etc. But it will be
found inconvenient to join more than two letters without an angle ; this is
sometimes necessary in word outlines, but should be avoided in phrases gen-
4. Very common phrases may omit the vowels often, where it would not
be admissible if the words stood alone. The first word should, however, be
fully vocalized, and no vowel omitted that would leave the phrase obscure.
Phrases commencing with he, we, you, and some other words, omit the first
5. But if the first word contain an unconnected vowel, the vowel of the
second woi^ should be written ; as in, to it, to invest, from this, etc.
REMARK. Students frequently commence by making their phrases too
long. Two or three words only should constitute a phrase in most cases ;
yet four, five, or more may be sometimes employed. It is better, how-
ever, to make the phrases too short than too long ; and especially, where
the words are dissociated in sense, they should not be made into long
phrases. . .
34 LIXDSLEY'S PHONETIC SHORT-HAND.
As good. As great. As if. As it may be. As it should be. As long
as. Can be. Cannot be. For instance. For it should be. For the. For
which. From me. Have been. He has been. He has not. He should.
He was. He will. I believe. I can do. I will not. I may say. If there
is. If this is so. In a. In the. In any. In no way. In such. At that
time. In the world. It is not necessary. It seems to be. It ought to be.
It would not be. Learned friend. More than. My brethren. Of the.
Of them. On account. On the. Or the. Ought not to be. Ought to
have .v Public service. . Shall be. Should be. So as to be. So that. It is
impossible. The present time. The first. The way. The truth. The
chance. Take place. Take care. That the. That we. There are. There
is. There were. They have. They will be. To be. To do. To have
done. To the. We are. We may. We have. ' We wish. What is the?
When we. When they. Which you know. Which will be. Will be
done. Will they? With this. With that. With our. With reference
to. Would be. Would you? Would they? You are. You had been.
You were. You will be. Your own. Yours truly.
In order to love mankind, expect but little from them. We dwellers in
this world of error are like men walking through the streets of a city on a
foggy morning. Every one imagines that immediately around himself there
is little or no fog, but around others, at a little distance from him, he per-
ceives it to be thick and blinding. In the day of wooden ploughs, the great
danger was in going too fast and knowing too much ; now, the difficulty is
to. go fast enough and know enough. Be not dismayed or unmanned when
you should be bold, daring, unflinching, and resolute. The cloud whose
threatening murmurs you hear with fear and dread is pregnant with bless-
ing, and the frown whose sternness now makes you shudder and tremble,
will, ere long, be succeeded by a smile of bewitching sweetneea and benig-
UNIFORMITY OF OUTLINE.
SECTION 1. L, M, and R.
IT is, if not of prime necessity, yet of no little importance to the writer,
that he use the same form for the same word at all times. A difference of
outline will not render the reading necessarily obscure, any more than a
similar mistake in long-hand, nor so much ; because the writer of this sys-
tem need, never mistake the true letters of any word that he can properly
pronounce, and can hesitate, for the most part, if he hesitate at all, only in
the use of the signs for L, M, and R. It may be a matter of taste, how-
ever, whether to insert or omit a vowel when unaccented, and whether to
use the full form or the contracted for final syllables ending in L and R.
We give below a few rules that will aid the student in securing uniform-
ity of outline.
NOTE. The upward forms of the three varied consonants are named La,
Ma, Ra ; the downward forms El, Em, and Ar.
The direction of the variable letters is determined by their union, first
with the vowels, second with the consonants. We use for convenience here,
as in some other cases, the names of the letters for the signs indicated. See
1. (a) Ma should follow E, i; Ah, a, and I. Em always follows A ;
Ma precedes 0, u, I, and Ew. In other cases Em and Ma are equally con-
(b) La is used before A, Ah, and a, 6, Ew, and Ow. El precedes E, i,
and Au. La follows ; and El, Oo and oo. With other vocals, El and La
%re equally convenient.
(c) Ra is most convenient before A, ah, a, 0, Au, and u ; and after E,
(, Ah, ii, I, and Ew. Ar is always used after A unless A is disjoined ; and
is more convenient after Oo and oo. In other cases, Ar and Ra are equally
convenient. Ra is used almost always for initial R.
2. La, Ma, and Ra are preferred both before and after a descending
stroke, and in most cases before the ascenders, Wa, Ya, and Ha. With the
horizontals, the upward or downward form is equally convenient, if the an-
gle is equally good. An acute angle is, however, better than an obtuse, and
hence we use Ar after Te, De, Cha, and Ja, and Ra after.Es and Ze. An
acute angle is better than an obtuse, but no angle is better than either ; so
Em En is better than Ma En ; but Te or De La should be avoided ;
but they are used in a few words.
36 LINDSLEY'S PHONETIC SHORT-HAND.
SECTION 2. THA AND tha.
In the Literary Style, 'we use the signs named tha and tha, for the German
Bounds of ch and g (final) . Since, however, we use them in the reporting
style, in certain cases, for distinction, and to form more facile outlines, their
use, by the great number who never care to write foreign languages, cannot
be objectionable, even in the Common Style. These forms are just the re-
verse of the alphabetic signs. They should be used only in cases where the
other forms are inconvenient, as after Ra and En. They are used in the
words they, than, then, birth, etc. ; and are very convenient in certain
phrases, as in, in the, on the, the way, the war.
We will add the following rule : Use Tha and tha after A, Oo, oo, and I ;
and Zhe, Ish, En, Ing, and Ra ; and before Wa, Ha, Be, Pe, Zhe, Ish, En,
Ing, Ja, and Cha.
A similar inversion of these signs takes place in phonography, where the
forms for th, th, f, and v are inverted and hooked to provide the signs for
thr, fr, and vr.
REMARKS. When a word is found that occasions any difficulty, it should
be studied carefully, and, when understood, rewritten until it is thoroughly
After the first ten lessons, the student should write from dictation. The
reader should read very slowly at first, and gradually increase the speed with
the ability of the writer.
The study of the reading exercises should keep pace with the writing.
The reading and the writing are equally important ; neither should be neg-
lected for the other.
(a) Emit, improve, ambition, I'm, aim, among, motive, mutter, mile,
mute, (b) La, lay, land, longitude, lewd, loud, lee, linnet, laurel, old,
fool, pull, (c) Ray, radical, roll, raw, ruddy, ear, irrelevant, architecture.
arrival, Ireland, endure, arouse, various, poor, carrier, ream, rill, run, raise,
2. Wear, rare, pair, Tory, weary, worry, year, yore, your, territory,
chair, jeer, germ, charm, cherry, tarry, door, doer, attire, tear, tare, ema-
nation, emerdation, mention, Delaware, intelligence, telegraph, infidelity.
Athens, bathing, writhe, soothe, tooth, wisheth, meaneth, singeth, fear-
eth, the way, the war, the heart, the boy, the portion, the surest, the next,
the just, the charter, the means, the best means, the day, the hour, the time,
the form, the vice, the system, the easiest, the right, the right way, the
wrong way, the credit, the germ, the claim, the grand, the glory, the praise,
SPEED IN WRITING.
SECTION* 1. Punctuation.
THE same rules for punctuation obtain that are used in ordinary writing
and printing, and the same characters are employed. The dash, however,
commences with a waved line to distinguish it from a Te or De.
No diaeresis or apostrophe is used ; but the hyphen, caret, quotation
points, parenthesis, brackets, etc., may be.
SECTION 2. Capital Letters.
For common practice no distinction of capital letters should be attempted.
We have a Literary Style designed to represent the language more accu-
rately, as also foreign languages, in which the capital letters are distin-
SECTION 3. Directions for Future Practice.
This style properly reduced to practice is capable of great rapidity as well
as ease and freedom in writing. No person of ordinary nerve should rest
satisfied with less than three times his speed in long-hand, and all may go
considerably beyond this, unless they contract their long-hand writing.
But it is difficult to instruct the writer in the laws of speed by a word of ad-
vice. To make the advice of any value, it must be followed, followed
thoroughly and persistently.
We will suppose that the student has gone through with the exercises in
this compendium, and understands clearly all the principles of the art ; that
he has a free and ready use of the pen, avoiding a cramped position of the
hand or body, and has trained himself to accuracy of form. He should now
go back to the alphabet, and see that he can write it with the most perfect
readiness. He should be able to write the forty-two characters in fifteen
seconds. He should then proceed to the compound signs, and acquire the
same skill in their use, writing them all in about twenty-five seconds. Next
the consonant forms that unite without an angle should be subjected to
drill until the two can be struck with the same readiness as the single let-
ters. All ordinary combinations of the vowels with the consonants should
next be mastered with equal perfectness. Such syllables as are found in the
first easy lessons of some spelling-book (we prefer the Elementary Spelling-
Book by Webster) ba, be, bi, bo, bu, ab, eb, ib, ob, ub, etc. are excellent
for this purpose. The 'Student who wishes to become a rapid writer should
have such easy syllables read to him until he can write them as rapidly as
38 LIXDSLEY'S PHONETIC SHORT-HAXD.
an ordinary reader enunciates them. He should then proceed, writing from
dictation, with words of three letters, following the course of the spelling-
book ; and with frequent reviews, rewriting the same thing from ten to
twenty times, go through the spelling-book. lie will now be prepared to
take up phrase signs. These should be read to him, at first from the com-
pendium, and afterward from some simple elementary book. The student
should proceed from this to passages from the Bible, extracts from the
Gospels, the Psalms, or Job, and from such easy beginnings advance to more
difficult works, according to his taste.
If this way seems long, we can assure the student that it will pay much
better than to blunder on a year or two in a slow and uninteresting way.
Some pupils acquire a rapid style with much less practice than indicated
here ; yet we do not doubt that the best would do still better with this thor-
"We must, also, here protest against a too prevalent idea that, while teach-
ers are necessary in all other arts, sciences, and pursuits, the art of short-
hand is so much more easily acquired than any other that no teacher is nec-
essary. Probably most students will master the art under a competent
teacher in one fourth the time that they would master it reiving only on
their own quickness of perception.
The Old and New Letters Contrasted.
i \ _ )
P K LI "T V-
Capo cap meet met sight sit note not tube.
Tub fuse fuss lasli sing singe . longer oath.
Variations of Vocal Curves.
Me mi mi la la IB
.ILLUSTRATIONS D and E.
Practice on the Alphabet.
1 1 1 1 ii ii i i |i II i! ii 1 1 till
\\\\\\ \\Y\\\ \\V\\\\\\\
The Connecting S:rokn.
Vocal before Consonantal Signs.
-X X.")") N *- "^ "^ S~ ^
"Dipthonjru'. and Disjoined Signs.
>' S\ -N ^^ ,i. . i. ',- 'I ^ .
\ U -\ > ^
s v s^ v?
J L L U S T K A T I O N I .
o lo-i-r nn.l U-short.
Pi'ions of Vonl Si-ins.
ILLUSTRATION K .
IVi^irions of Outlines.
^^-, * / /^/ '^I -
ILLU STR ATI ON O
f v O
\ <\ Q'S
c / ^ ! v t \ V 7 r J
> ^ c t C I* ^ ^ ^ ***^ J -^
\ Ape ache pay gay day be key eke eat ear eel <il
V \ \ , u_ <- <- '-
I 2. Coo c caw dough daw too oat aught taugl.t doto
1 3 Fee she see i!ice me f32y nay say ray way jay
* ? / -V ^
4. A\vn gnaw nil law awk caw or raw awed dr.w
'. 5. Coat oodo nesc njde rote mote mode load core
V, \ V ^ 1 ^^-^? <^_ <^^t -^
i 5 Caught cavrod naught gnawed wrought talk walk laud
7. It if is at an am fit lit hat mat rat pit.
'3. Look nook hook up us thus on odd got dot
9 Awn on dawn don sought. 631 > caught ca: rot hot.
Tic nigh bigh dew cue view coy cow coin oil
ti -ELb egg said guess air fair pair chair reck.
Do to too tw root (bod foot would could stieoa
Sup some such rob knob knock lock rock rrtch
Vast fasten late fate reach neap bowl polo shoae
In tin c UD seen as lust Las task a.s-k tsta.sk. mist
Pat pack king \viih him bis fish I fiM feel vi
c givej kin.
Mill meal rill reel sill seal sieve receive g
7 Did deed hid heed / nd reed mi^ meed weave hear.
8 Dip deep rip reap heap kcc| / leap ck sees meek
S. By igh ice tiica size hew how new dlpo tubs
JO Sign tune town ruse rouse no-se hoys piety fire
11 Open poi-.rn rope pore /'poor tou^h ououyb dudi.
|2 Muddy ruddy un . run undono among tou^ua norw.
13 Aid mad c
aco debase is^uo cucli Egypt.
Deity theism real materially aerial incandor pioi
13 ^Tall fall^Paul hntil shawl toss loss lnws lord
EXERCISE HI .
^ /r <? O *v t^ r ^ v e N / \ ' i^
I- You who why thy ye I aye a O oh! owe awe ah!
2, -:li! use use cmte assiduous munumi nmoa
IJONO ANJ> SHOP.T VOWELS CONTRASTED
R r X_C ""
? , / ^ X
^ 'y -' ?
\j \J r\(
C_ c vy \j
The Wa Srie
The L Series.
Final f f *\ \ C- C_ V y C_-x nl
The R Series.
Initial. 1 1 "Y\ ^ c- *) '"> / I/ '\. VA % 'V
c-^ < / i v, v . T r'i "~ J \ x'*~ r ' ~~"1_'
F.oal VI r \^ x c- v- ^0 // ^^ c,.^'Li'1
The S Sonet.
Be go gone could can -come; da .done to of for from
should shall, is so some' fr the they that ahem then
there may tna'ny ofi Any not unto 'are vro wero ooa
lio h;r 3'ou. ivhat .when Where
.^ ^ \ _.-r
EXEiiCJSE VIII. .
THE FLOWER. Tennyson.
V ' v ' S ' '
-^ e . l'.' ] 'i"
^ ^ t
St. -John's Gospel, Chap 1.
V '^ - ^~ ~~ ^
3. A-. l,c"
- "~ ! ' ~~> ^" ~X_^
V.-^ ^S*~- ^ -
\...^^L - 10 - -'
'- y -
ONE GOOD TURN DESERVES ASOTHEB. Mrs. Gilraan
c ] \
6- v^__ *
Fall fully evil civil - traveller owner usual plcasaro alone.
a-? 2 o <-2- ^ e>o ^ v
Cnder acceptance article association beautiful l>t-!ong.
r- X ' ^ I I
Consequence exercise following ooiliing anything sensible.
V V s " ^V^ ~~^ _ L/
~ >1 5 U v .
c; Cdap. vir
A. B.. A D., A M, Ace., Chap., Co., D. D, Do.
* / ^ / V r '
Dcp, Bag., Mr Math., Nov., P. S, P. M., Kcv.
5 WORD SIOXB.
And AS been has have this what will,
~ o f <? -* u J
N T OT8. ~ ~ ^ c ^) ^ / ^~X_ v /" T '. . ^)^
>^_ ^ Ve? \ ^^-^-y
o s ^ cr^, ^ V' ^~
<, > (^ <.. ^ ^^ o ^-j^A-^cr"
As well as as soon as, as hr&s as we, has beeJt has dona
o, O ~^ ^ ^~>
Dave been; have wo; have you, Th^ la Will be. I hare,. I'T*
We have, we've, Tou have, you've, They have, been;
They will bo, you will not be; we shall have been. It is not.
t: is not to bo I w not to be supposed And they wera
As they say AS some say For instance At first At once
To be sure. To have been And it is said Which is certain
THE POWER OF A WORD Landor.
LINDSLEY'S PHONETIC SHORT-HAND.
THIS new system has already found its way into all parts of the country.
Its amazing simplicity and practicability, everywhere conceded, are ap-
plauded most enthusiastically by those who have spent years in a fruitless
endeavor to master the intricacies of Phonography. We have room for only
a few extracts from among the thousands of commendations that have been
sent us. ^
From the Hon. Horace Mann.
"If I understand you, you have phonografied Phonography, and therefore
have reached the very thing which I had in my mind when I wrote upon it
many years ago."
From A. Royce Esq., of Cleveland, Ohio.
"Your plain literary style (of short-hand) is one of the great things of
the age. The more I use it, the better I like it."
From Jl. T. E. Clark, Esq.
" The fact that I have adopted your system after havfcg reduced several
other systems to practice, in seeking for the best, speaks as much as I can
express in any other way."
From L. M. Guernsey, Ed. True Citizen.
" We say without hesitation that the system of Prof. Lindsley * the only
practicable one we have met for the ordinary scholar, who cannot devote the
best part of life to the study of rapid writing."
From Rev. Wm. Pittenger, author of The Great Railroad Adventure.
" I have high hopes for Tachygraphy. I find it to be of more and more
use to me, and this makes me believe that it will be of use to others. I now
|erite it with an ease that I do not think I could ever have attained in Phonog-
raphy, although I have not studied it one tenth as much. We only need
time and enterprise to make Tachygraphy the common writing of the land."
From Rev. A. C. Row, Chaplain and A. A. D. C., Third Div. Fifth Corps.
" I am much pleased with the system. I found it of the greatest value on
the last marches of our corps, where 1 had to take many notes, and do much
writing on horseback, while in motion. I could write legibly in Tachy-
graphic characters ; my long-hand I could scarcely read when cold. On the
late moves I have been constantly topographing the country as we passed,
and have found the art worth more than the labor it cost to master it already."
[This was written with only a few weeks' practice of the art, and showi
how soon it will repay a man of activity for the labor of acquiring it.]
From the Boston Cultivator.
" Of the coming great reform in written language, there can be no more
doubt than of its universal need, and in future we shall be glad to be
counted among its earliest friends."
From T. J. Stevens, Mechanicsburg, Penn.
" My first impression of your system of Short-Hand was that you had laid
Phonography over on its side. It embodies more horizontal, running char-
acters than Pitman's System, whose perpendicular stiffness retards the hand
in its forward movement."
From N. Chandler, of Baltimore, Md.
"Ihave ever been desirous of obtaining a knowledge of some system
which would not require the vast amount of practice which is indispensable
in turning Pitman's System to practical account."
From Bryant, Stratton, Co.'s Com. Col. Monthly, Hartford, Conn.
" Mr. Lindsley has got down to the root of the difficulty. He has made
one of the most difficult subjects one of the simplest. Henceforth no one
need try to learn Short-Hand in vain. His system can be learned with lesa
labor than the common long-hand."
From the New Haven Journal and Courier.
" Every editor, ^awyer, and minister knows the advantage of a knowledge
of short-hand writing, and this is certainly the best system that ever came
under our notice."
From Rev. George Hopkins, A. H., Principal of Woodstock Academy.
" I am in favor with your system, though I have both used and taught
From R. E. Van Gieson, M. D., Englishtown, N. J.
" I freely confess that I expected to be disappointed in Tachygraphy. It
therefore gives me the more pleasure candidly to acknowledge that I am not
only not disappointed, but, on the contrary, agreeably surprised at the sim-
plicity and accuracy of your system."
From Increase N. Tarbox, Sec. A. M. Ed. Society.
" I am satisfied that it (Lindsley's Phonetic Short-Hand) is a clear, sim-
ple, and well-devised system ; that it is easily acquired and wisely adapted
to meet the wants not only of reporters, but of clergymen, lawyers, and gen-
From J. F. Gould, M. D.
''Your System (of Short-Hand) is much, very much superior to Pit-
man's. It is less complicated, more legible, more rapidly written than
either Mr. Graham's or Mr. Pitman's Systems. To students, while attend-
ing lectures of any kind, it offers great inducements, and will prove of value
in the performance of the duties of a professional life."
From the, Round Table.
" An improved system of Short-hand, called Tachygraphy, has been
recently coming into notice, and, if we mistake not, bids fair to supersede
the system of Pitman. Certainly very many short-hand writers are abandon-
ing Phonography and taking up the new method ; and we do not know of
one who has carefully examined its claims but has granted its superiority.
" Its main advantages are these : (1) A prevalence of oblique and horizon-
tal consonantal characters, thus avoiding that perpendicular stiffness which
hinders or wearies the hand so much in writing .Phonography. (2) Most of
the vowels are joined to the consonants in writing, in their proper order. . . .
Any given extent of vocalization can be far more quickly effected by vowels
inserted*, so as to make one running character of the word, than by disjoin-
ing vowels ; and, besides, legibility can thus be better secured than by vowel
characters which have different meanings according to their varied positions.
This is a great gain upon the old method (3) Its use of comparatively
few contractions, and its rejection of arbitrary signs."
From the Boston Daily Traveller.
" Its simplicity and practicability are applauded most enthusiastically by
those who have vainly endeavored to master the intricacies of Phonog-
From the Evening Gazette, Boston.
u It is acquired with less effort, and more rapidly written, than the old
From the Nation.-
u Many of those who have failed to learn Phonography are embracing the
opportunity to learn an easier and more rapid style."
From the Sprint-field Republican.
"It is the nearest approach yet made towards reducing the art to a
practicability which may be acquired without the expenditure of years of
From the New York Observer.
" The leading improvement is in the vowel signs, which are a system of
semi-circles, straight lines, and diamond points, capable of being written in
connection with the consonants, so that the whole word can. be written out
without detaching the pen from the paper.
" Next to this in importance is a selection of consonant form's, obtained
after elaborate experiment, which insures that the writing, whether abbre-
viated or not, shall not run above or below the line, thus doing away with
the reproach of turkey-tracks. It has been found that a certain family of