Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 10 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 10 of 48)
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102 DemocritUB to the Reader.

1 Seneca calls that of Epicurus, magnijicam voeem, an ho*
roical speech, " A' fool still begins to live," and accounts it a
filthy lightness in men, every day to lay new foundations of
their life, but who doth otherwbe ? One travels, another
builds ; one for this, another for that business, and old folks
are as far out as the rest ; O dementem senecttUerd, Tully ex^
claims. Therefore young, old, middle age, all are stupid,
and dote.

*^neas Sylvius, amongst many Other, sets down three
special ways to find a fool by. He is a fool that seeks that
he cannot find ; he is a fool that seeks that, which being
found will do him more harm than good ; he is a fool, that
having variety of ways to bring him to his journey's endj
takes that which is worst. If so, methinks most men are
fools; examine their courses, and you shall soon perceive
what dizzards and mad men the majot part are.

Beroaldus will have drunkards, aflemoon men, and such
as more than ordinarily delight in drink, to be mad. The
first pot quencheth thirst, so Panyasis the poet determines in
AthencBtis, secunda graUis, horis ei Dionyno ; the second
makes merry, the third for pleasure, quarta ad insanxamj
the fourth makes thecj mad. If this position be true, what
a catalogue of mad men shall we have ? what shall they be
that drink four times four ? Nonne twpra onrnem fwrorem^
iupra omnem insamam reddunt insanissimos f 1 am (^ his
opinion, they are more than mad, much worse than mad.

The ^Abderites condemned Democritus for a mad man,
because he was sometimes sad, and sometimes again pro-
fusely merry, ffdc Patrid (saith Hippotrates) oh rtsum
furere et insanire dicunt, his countrymen hbld hha mad
because he laughs ; * and therefore " he desires him to ad-
vise all his friends at Rhodes, that they do not laugh too

^ Epist. lib. 2, 13. Stultus pemper Inci- qui oum plurcp habet callea, deteriorem '

pit Tivere, foeda hominum levitas, nova delifcit. Mihi yidentur omnos deliil,

quotidie fbndamenta vitae ponere, novas amentes, &c. 2 £p. Damaf^eto.

Bpes, &c. * Do curial. miser. Stultus, a Amicis nostris Rhodi dicito. ne nimiiua

qui qnserit quod nequit inyenire stultus rideaut, aut nimj u m tristes sint.
qui quserit quod nocet inyentum, stultus



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Democntus to the Reader. 108

much, or be over sad." Had those Abderites been con-
versant with U3, and but seen what ^fleering and grinning
tiiere is in this age, they would certainly have concluded,
we had been all out of our wits.

Aristotle in his ethics holds fodix tdemque iopiens, to be
wise and happy, are reciprocal terms, bonus idemque gapiem
honestus. 'Tis * TuU/s paradox, ^ vrise men are free, but
fools are slaves," liberty is a power to live according to his
own laws, as we will ourselves ; who hath this liberty ? who
is free?

< ** sapiens sibiqne imperiosns,
Quern neque pauperis, neque mors, neque vincnla terrent,
Besponsare oupidinibus, contemnere honores
Fortis, et in seipso totos teres atque rotundns."

** He is wise that can command his own will,
Valiant and constant to himself still.
Whom poverty nor death, nor bands can fright,
Checks his desires, scorns honours, just and right.*'

But where shall such a man be found ? If nowhere, then
i diametroy we are all slaves, senseless, or worse. Nemo
mahu faHix, But no man is happy in this life, none good,

therefore no man wise. *Iiari guippe boni For on©

virtue you shall find ten vices in the same party; pauei
Promethet, mutti .Epimethei. We may peradventure usurp
the name, or attribute it to others for favour, as Carolus
Sapiens, Fhilippus Bonus, Lodovicus Pius, &c, and describe
the properties of a wise man, as Tully doth an orator, Xeno-
phon Cyrus, Castilio a courtier, Galen temperament, an aris^
tocracy is described by politicians. Bui where fi^iall sudi a
man be found ?

" Vir bonus et sapiens, qualem vix repperit unum
Millibus h multis hominum consultus ApoUo.*'

*^ A wise, a good man in a million,
Apollo consulted could scarce find one."

A man is a miracle of himself, but Trismegistus adds, Sfaxi"

1 Per multmn risum poteris cognosce- &c. * Hor. 2, ser. 7. * JwnaXf

le stultum. Offlc. 8,e. 9. a Sapientes " Good people are scttroe."
Uberi, stnlti wrTl, libertu est potestas,



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104 DemocritUs to the Reader.

mum miraculum homo sapiens^ a wise man is a wonder;
mvUi Thirsigeriy pauci Bacchi.

Alexander when he was presented with that rich and cosUj
casket of king Darius, and every man advised him what to
put in it, he reserved it to keep Homer's works, as the most
precious jewel of human wit, and yet ^ScaUger upbraids
Homer's muse, Nutricem insarue sapientia, a nursery of
madness, ^ impudent as a court lady, that blushes at nothing.
Jacobus Mycillus, Gilbertus Cognatus, Erasmus, and almost
all posterity admire Lucian's luxuriant wit, yet Scaliger
rejects him in his censure, and calls him the Cerberus of
the muses. Socrates, whom all the world so much magni-
fied, is by Lactantius and Theodoret condemned for a fooL
Plutarch extols Seneca's wit beyond all the Greeks, nulU
secundus, yet ' Seneca saith of himself, " when I would solace
myself with a fool, I reflect upon myself, and there I have
him." Cardan, in his Sixteenth Book of Subtilties, reckons
up twelve supereminent acute philosophers, for worth, sub-
tlety, and wisdom : Archimedes, Galen, Vitruvius, Architas
Tarentinus, Euclid, Geber, that first inventor of Algebra,
Alkindus the Mathematician, both Arabians, with others.
But his triumviri terrarum far beyond the rest, are Ptolo-
mseus, Plotinus, Hippocrates. Scaliger, exercitat 224, scofi& at
this censure of his, calls some of them carpenters and mech-
anicians, he makes Galen fimhriam fftppocraiis, a skirt of
Hippocrates ; and the said * Cardan himself elsewhere con-
demns both Galen and Hippocrates for tediousness, obscurity,
confusion. Paracelsus will have them both mere idiots, in-
fants in physic and philosophy. Scaliger and Cardan admire
Suisset the Calculator, qui pene modum excessit humani in'
genii, and yet 'Lod. Vives calls them nugas Suisseticas;
and 0ardan, opposite to himself in another place, contemns
those ancients in respect of times present, ^ Mqforesque nostros

1 Hypocrlt. * Ut mnlier suUca centimn. > Lib. de cauds eomapt

nnllius pudens. > Epiflt. 88. Quando srtium. • Aetione ad subtU. in Seal

fktno delectarl toIo, non est longe qtt»- fol. 1226.
randoB, ma Tidao. * Primo contiadi-



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Democrtttis to the Reader. 105

ad presentes coUatos juste pueros appeUari, In conclusion
the said * Cardan and Saint Bernard will admit none into this
catalogue of wise men, * but only prophets and apostles ; how
they esteem themselves, you have heard before. We are
worldly-wise, admire ourselves, and seek for applause ; but
hear Saint "Bernard, quanto magis forcLS es sapiens, tanto
magis inttis sttdttts efficeris, S^c, in omnibus es prudens, circa
teipsum insipiens ; the more wise thou art to others, the more
fool to thyself. I may not deny but that there is some folly
approved, a divine fury, a holy madness, even a spiritual
drunkenness in the saints of Grod themselves; sanctam in'
saniam Bernard calls it, (though not as blaspheming * Vors-
tius would infer it, as a passion incident to God himself, but)
familiar to good men, as that of Paul, 2 Cor. " he was a fool,"
&C., and Rom. ix. he wisheth himself to be anathematized for
them. Such is that drunkenness which Ficinus speaks of,
when the soul is elevated and ravished with a divine taste
of that heavenly nectar, which poets deciphered by the sac-
rifice of Dionysius, and in this sense with the poet, ^insanire
lubet, as Austin exhorts us, ad ehrietatem se quisque paret,
let's all be mad and ^ drunk. But we commonly mistake,
and go beyond our commission, we reel to the opposite part,
' we are not capable of it, ' and as he said of the Greeks, Vos
Graci semper pueri, vos Britannia GaUi, Germani, Itali, S^c,
you are a company of fools.

Proceed now d partihus ad totum, or from the whole to
parts, and you shall find no other issue, the parts shall be
sufficiently dilated in this following Preface. The whole
must needs follow by a sorites or induction. Every multi-
tude is mad, ^heUua muUorum capitum, (a many-headed
beast,) precipitate and rash without judgment, stultum ani'
mal, a roaring rout. *^ Roger Bacon proves it out of Aristotle,

1 Ub. 1, de sap. > Vide miser homo, iram et odium in Deo re-rera ponit.

qnia totum est Tanitas, totum stultitia, 6 Virg. 1, Eel. 8. > Ps. inebriabuntur

(otum dementia, quicquid fiicis in hoc ab ubertate domfts. ' In Psal. civ.

mnndo, prater hoc solum quod prop- Austin. 8 in piatonis Tim. saoerdos

fear Deum fiuds. Ser. de miser, horn. .Sgyptius. > Hor. tuI^s insanum.

iTn8Plat<miidial.l,dejusto. «Dum lopatet ea divisio probabiUs, &c., «x



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106 Democrttus to the Header.

Vulgus dividt in oppositum contra iaptentet, quod mdgo vide*
tar verum, fahum est ; that which the oommonaltj accounts
true, is most part false, they are still opposite to wise men,
but all the world is of this humour {vvdgue), and thou thyself
art de vvlgo, one of the commonalty ; and be, and he, and so
are all the rest ; and therefore, as Phocion concludes, to be
approved in nought you say or do, mere idiots and asses.
Begin then where you will, go backward or forward, choose
out of the whole pack, wink and choose, you shall find dieni
all alike, " never a barrel better herring."

Copernicus, Atlas his successor, is of opinion, the earth is
a planet, moves and shines to others, as the moon doth to us.
I^igg^Sy Gilbert, Keplerus, Origanus, and others, defend this
hypothesis of his in sober sadness, and that the moon is in-
habited; if it be so that the earth is a ihoon, then are we
also giddy, vertiginous, and lunatic within this sublunary
maze.

I could produce such arguments till dark night ; if you

dhould hear the rest,

** Ante ^em olanso component vesper Olympo: **

** Throngh such a train of words if I should run,
The day would sooner than the tale be done : "

but according to my promise, I will descend to particulars.
This melancholy extends itself not to men only, but even to
vegetals and sensibles. I speak not of those creatures which
are saturnine, melancholy by nature, as lead, and such like
minerals, or those plants, rue, cypress, *&c., and hellebore
itself, of which ^Agrippa treats, fishes, Inrds, and beasts,
hares, conies, dormice, &c, owls, bats, night-birds, but that
artificial, which is perceived in them alL Remove a plant, it
will pine away, which is especially perceived in date-trees, as
you may read at large in Constantine*s husbandry, that aiw
tipathy betwixt the vine and the cabbage, wine and oil. Put
a bird in a cage, he will die for sullenness, or a beast in a

Arlst. Top. lib. If e. 8. Rog. Bae. Rpist. in -mlgo. i De ooenlt. Philosoph. L 1,
d*seeret. artetnat. o. 8« noo Mt Jndklam e. 26, •« 19, ^{osd. 1, Ub. 10, oa^ 4.



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' Democritus to the Reader. 107

pen, or take his young ones or companions from him, and see
what effect it will cause. But who perceiyes not these oom«
mon passions of sensible creatures, fear, sorrow, &c. Of aU
other, dogs are most subject to this malady, insomuch some
hold they dream as men do, and through violence of melan-
choly run mad ; I could relate many stories of dogs that have
died for grief, and pined away for loss of their masters, but
they are common in every ^ author.

Elingdoms, provinces, and politic bodies are likewise sensi-
ble and subject to this disease, as ^ Boterus in his politics hath
proved at large. "As in human bodies (saith he) there be
divers alterations proceeding from humours, so there be many
diseases in a commonwealth, which do as diversely happen
from several distempers," as you may easily perceive by their
particular s3nnptoms. For wherfe'you shall see the people
civil, obedient to God and princes, judicious, peaceable and
quiet, rich, fortunate, * and flourish, to live in peace, in unity
and concord, a country well tilled, many fair built and popu-
lous cities, ubi incoke nitent, as old * Cato said, the people are
neat, polite and terse, vM bene, heateque vivunt, which our
politicians make the chief end of a commonwealth ; and which
• Aristotle PoliU lib. 3, cap, 4, calls Oommune bonum^ PdybiuSj
lib. 6, optahilem et selectum statum, that country is fi*ee from
melancholy ; as it was in Italy in the time of Augustus, now
in China, now in many other flourishing kingdoms of Europe.
But whereas you shall see many discontents, common griev-
ances, complaints, poverty, barbarism, beggary, plagues, wars,
rebellions, seditions, mutinies, contentions, idleness, riot, epi-
curism, the land lie untilled, waste, full of bogs, fens, deserts,
&C., cities decayed, base and poor towns, villages depopulated,
the people squalid, ugly, uncivil ; that kingdom, that country,
must needs be discontent, melancholy, hath a sick body, and
had need to be reformed.

1 See Upaiua eptet. « De politia illns- * Lib. de re nist. » Vel publicam utiU-

txlom lib. 1. ciq[>. 4, at in humanis cor- tatem : salug pubUca suprama lex estd.

poribus Tann accidant mntatlones cor- Beata civitas non ubi p«iici beati, aed

poiis, animique, sic in repablioft, &o. tota dvitas beate. Plato quarto do !•-

> Ubi ngfSB philosophantor, Plato. pubUoft.



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108 Democritus to the Reader.

Now that cannot well be effected, till the causes of the^
maladies be first removed, which commonly proceed from
their own default, or some accidental inconvenience : as to be
situated in a bad dime, too far north, sterile, in a barren
place, as the desert of Lybia, deserts of Arabia, places void
of waters, as those of Lop and Belgian in Asia, or in a bad
air, as at AlexandrettOy Bantam^ Pisa, Durazzo^ S, John de
Ulloa, S^c, or in danger of the sea's continual inundations, as
in many places of the Low Countries and elsewhere, or near
some bad neighbours, as Hungarians to Turks, Podolians to
Tartars, or almost any bordering countries, they live in fedr
still, and hy reason of hostile incursions are oftentimes left
desolate. So are cities, by reason * of wars, fires, plagues,
inundations, ^ wild beasts, decay of trades, barred havens, the
sea's violence, as Antwerp may witness of late, Syracuse of
old, Brundusium in Italy, Rye and Dover with us, and many
that at this day suspect the sea's fury and rage, and labour
against it as the Venetians to their inestimable chai'ge. But
the most frequent maladies are such as proceed from them-
selves, as first when religion and Grod's service is neglected,
innovated or altered, where they do not fear God, obey their
prince, where atheism, epicurism, sacrilege, simony, &c., and
all such impieties are freely committed, that country cannot
pix)sper. When Abraham came to Grerar, and saw a bad
land, he said, sure the fear of God was not in that place.
* Cyprian Echovius, a Spanish chorographer, above all other
cities of Spain, commends " Bordno, in which there was no
^gg^^^ 1^0 o^an poor, &C., but all rich, and in good estate, and
he gives the reason, because they were more religious than
their neighbours ; " why was Israel so often spoiled by their
enemies, led into captivity, &c, but for their idolatry, neglect
of God's word, for sacrilege, even for one Achan's fault?
And what shall we expect that have such multitudes of

1 Mantua Tie miserflB nimittm Ticina optimus qnisque atque ditisshnna. Pin

OremonsB. t foterdum a feris, nt olim sancteque TiTebant, stunmaqne cam

Mauritania, &c. > Delidis Hispanifls veneratione et timore, divlno otiltni, ■»>

anno 1604. N«ino maJus, nemo panper, oriflqne rebus inoumbebant



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Democrittis to the Reader, 109

Achans, churcsh robbers, simoniacal patrons, &c., how can
they hope to flourish, that neglect divme duties, that live
most part like Epicures?

Other common grievances are generally noxious to a body
politic ; alteration of laws and customs, breaking privileges,
general oppressions, seditions, &c., observed by * Aristotle,
Bodin, Boterus, Junius, Amiscus, &c. I will only point at
some of the chiefest. ^ Impotentia guhemandi, ataxia, con-
fusion, ill-government, which proceeds from unskilful, slothful,
griping, covetous, unjust, rash, or tyrannizing magistrates,
when they are fools, idiots, children, proud, wilful, partial,
indiscreet, oppressors, giddy heads, tyrants, not able or unfit
to manage such offices ; ' many noble cities and flourishing
kingdoms by that means are desolate, the whole body groans
under such heads, and all the members must needs be dis-
affected, as at this day those goodly provinces in Asia Minor,
&C., groan under the burden of a Turkish government ; and
those vast kingdoms of Muscovia, Russia, * under a tyran-
nizing duke. Who ever heard of more civil and rich popu-
lous countries than those of " Greece, Asia Minor, abounding
with all * wealth, multitudes of inhabitants, force, power,
splendour, and magnificence ? " and that miracle of countries,
• the Holy Land, that in so small a compass of ground could
maintain so many towns, cities, produce so many fighting
men ? Egypt another paradise, now barbarous and desert,
and almost waste, bv the desnotical government of an impe-

tis jugo premitur (J one saith)
or lands, sed ipse spiritus ah
mtu, such is their slavery, their
his insolent will and command,
soever he comes, insomuch that
1 old inhabitant should now see

dlyitiaram sfflaentia incolamm xnultiltQ-
dine splendore ao potentia. * Not

abore 200 miles in length, 60 in breadth,
according to Adricomius. ? Komuluff
Amascns. 8 Sabellicns. Si quis incola
yetuB. non agnosceret, si quSs peregrintu,
ingexnisoeret.



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110 Democrihu to the Reader,

them, he would not know them ; if a traveller, or stranger, it
would grieve his heart to behold them." Whereas * Aristotle
notes, Novce exactiones^ nova onera tmpoiita, new burdens
and exactions daily come upon them, like those of which
Zosimus, lib. 2, so grievous, ut viri uxares, patresjUios prosti*
tuererU ut exactoribus e questu^ 4^., they must needs be discon-
tent, hinc civttatum gemitug H pioratus, as ^ TuUy holds ; hence
come those complaints and tears of cities, ^ poor, miserable,
rebellious, and desperate subjects," as * Hippolitus adds ; and
* as a judicious countryman of ours observed not long since,
in a survey of that great Duchy of Tuscany, the people lived
much gi*ieved and discontent, as appeared by their manifold
and manifest complainings in that kind. ^^That the state
was like a sick body which had lately taken physic, whose
humours are not yet well settled, and weakened so much by
purging, that nothing was left but melancholy."

Whereas the princes and potentates are immoderate in
lust, hypocrites, epicures, of no religion, but in show ; Quid
hypocriti fragUiusf what so brittle and unsure? what sooner
subverts their estates than wandering and raging lusts, on
their subjects* wives, daughters ? to say no worse. That they
should facem ftraferrey lead the way to all virtuous actions,
are the ringleaders oftentimes of all mischief and dissolute
courses, and by that means their countries are plagued,
* " and they themselves often ruined, banished, or murdered
by conspiracy of their subjects, as Sardanapalus was, Diony-
sius, junior, HeHogabalus, Periander, Fisistratut, Tarquinius,
Timocrates, Childericus, Appius Claudius, Andronicus, Gralea-
cius Sforsia, Alexandei^ Medices," &c.

Whereas the princes or great men are malicious, envious,
fuctious, ambitious, emulators, they tear a commonwealth
asunder, as so many Gudfs and GibeHnes disturb the quiet-
ness of it, ^ and with mutual murders let it bleed to death ;

1 Polit. 1. 5, c. 6. Crudetitu prindpuotf, 1686, oonclurio Ubri. tBotems I. .9,

Itnpunitasseelemm, yiolatto l^mn, peon* o. 4. Polit. Quo fit at sut rebus despe*

latus pecuniflB publlca, etc. > Episl. ratis ezulont, ant oonjuntlone sabdito-

s Be mcrem. orb. eap. 20, subditi mlseri, mm crodaMsrinw tandem trucidentnr.

vebelles, desperati, ke. * B. Darangtoo. « Muttds odiis et ondibm azhaixKi, k^



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Democritus to the Reader* 111

our histories are too full oi such barbarous inhumanities, and
the miseries that issue from them.

Whereas they be like so many horseleeches, hungry,
. griping, corrupt, ^ covetous, avaritice. mancipiay ravenous as
wolves, for as Tully writes : qui prceest prodesty et qui pecudi"
bus prteest, debet eorum uiilitcUi inservire : or such as prefer
their private before the public good. For as ^ he said long
since, res privcUtB pvUicis semper officere. Or whereas they
be illiterate, ignorant, empirics in policy, ubi deest facvltas
• viHtis (Aristot. poL 5, cap, 8,) et scientia, wise only by in-
heritance, and in authority by birthright, favour, or for their
wealth and titles ; there must needs be a &ult, ^ a great de*
feet ; because, as an '^ old philosopher affirms, such men are
not always fit. ^ Of an infinite number, few noble are sena«
tors, and of those few, fewer good, and of that small number
of honest, good, and noble men, few that are learned, wise,
discreet, and sufficient, able to discharge such places, it must
needs turn to the confusion of a state."

For as the ' Princes are, so are the people ; Qualis Rex^
talis grex ; and which ^ Antigonus right well said of old, qui
MacedowicB regem erudite omnes etiam subditos erudity he that
teaches the king of Macedon, teaches all his subjects, is a
true saying stiU.

** For Princes are the glass, the school, the book,
Where subjects' eyes do learn, do read, do look.**

*< Velocius et citius nos
Comimpunt vitiomm exempla domestica, magnis
Cum subeant animos auctoribus." *

Their examples are soonest followed, vices entertained, if

1 Lnera «x mails, sceleratisqne eansts. bileir, ^ consalarlbns panel bonl, h bonis

s Ballast. < For most part we mistake adhuc pauci eruditi. . * Non solum Titia

the name of Politicians, aceountlng snch conclpinnt ipsi prindpes, sed etiam in-

as read MachiaTcI and Tacitus, great fundunt in civitatem, plusque exemplo



statesmen, that can dispute of politiciti quam peccato nocent. Cic. 1, de legtbns.
precepts, supplant and orerthrow their 7 Epist. ad Zen. Juren. Sat. 4. Pauper-
adversaries, enrich themselves, get hon- tasscditionemgignitetmaleficium, Arlst
ours, dissemble ; but what is this to the Pol. 2, c. 7. * Vicious domestic exam-
fiene esse, or preservation of a Common* pies operate more quickly upon us when
wealth? 4 Imperium suapte sponte suggested to our minds by hij^ anthori
eorrult. * Apnl. Prim. Flor. Kzinnn- ties.
■MrabUlbiis, pand Sanatoies genere no-



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112 Democritus to the Reader*

they be profane, irreligious, lascivious, riotous, epicures, fao>
tious, covetous, ambitious, illiterate, so will the commons most
part be, idle, unthrifls, prone to lust, drunkards, and therefore
poor and needy (7 ircvta aroaiv kuTrom xdl KOKovpyiav, for poverty
begets sedition and villany) upon all occasions ready to
mutiny and rebel, discontent still, complaining, murmuring,
grudging, apt to all outrages, thefls, treasons, murders, inno-
vations, in debt, shifters, cozeners, outlaws, Profligatce famiz
ac vitce. It was an old ^ politician's aphorism, " They that
are poor and bad envy rich, hate good men, abhor the pres-
ent government, wish for a new, and would have all turned
topsy turvy." When Catiline rebelled in Rome, he got a
company of such debauched rogues together, they were his
familiars and coadjutors, and such have been your rebels
most part in all ages. Jack Cade, Tom Straw, Kette, and his
companions.

Where they be generally riotous and contentious, where
there be many discords, many laws, many lawsuits, many
lawyers and many physicians, it is a manifest sign of a dis-
tempered, melancholy state, as ^ Plato long since maintained ;
for where such kind of men swarm, they will make more
work for themselves, and that body politic diseased, which
was otherwise sound. A general mischief in these our times,
an insensible plague, and never so many of them ; '* which
are now multiplied (saith Mat Greraldus, • a lawyer himself,)
as so many locusts, not the parents, but the plagues of the
country, and for the most part a supercilious, bad, covetous,



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 10 of 48)