Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 15 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 15 of 48)
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generally conclude they are a kind of madmen, as ' Seneca
esteems of them, to make doubts and scruples, how to read
them truly, to mend old authors, but will not mend their own
lives, or teach us ingenia sanare, memortam officiorum tn-
gerere, cu:jidem in rebtis humanis retinere, to keep our wits
in order, or rectify our manners. Numquid tibi demens mde-
tur, St istis aperam impendent f Is not he mad that draws
lines with Archimedes, whilst his house is ransacked, and his
city besieged, when the whole world is in combustion, or we
whilst our souls are in danger, (mors sequitur, vita fugit) to
spend our time in toys, idle questions, and things of no
worth ?

That • lovers are mad, I think no man will deny, Amors
iimtd et sapere, ipsi Jovi nan datur, Jupiter himself cannot
intend both at once.

• < " Non ben6 conveniunt, neo in unft sede morantur
Majestas et amor."

Tully, when he was invited to a second marriage, replied,
he could not simul amare et sapere, be wise and love both
together. '^ Est orcus iHe, vis est immedicahilis, est rabies
insana, love is madness, a hell, an incurable disease ; im-
patentem et insanam lihidinem • Seneca calls it, an impotent
and raging lust I shall dilate this subject apart; in the
mean time let lovers sigh out the rest.

*Nevisanus the lawyer holds it for an axiom, "most
women are fools," • consilium fceminis invalidum ; Seneca,

1 Arifltophanis Ranis. * Lib. de Amatorio est amor insanus. ® Eplnt.

beneflcOs. > Delirus et aroens dicatur 89. ' SvItsb nuptialis. 1. 1, num. 11.

amant. Hor. Seneca. . 4 Orid. Met Omnes mulleres ut plnnmum stultaa
'^tbjesty and LoTe do not agree well,
Mr dvttU together." spiuturoh.

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154 Democritus to the Beadier.

men, be they young or old ; who doubts it, youth is mad as
Elius in TuUy, StuUi (zdoUscentuUy old age little better, ddiri
senesy Sfc, Theophrastus, in the 107th year of his age, ' said
he then began to be wise, turn sapere coepify and therefore
lamented his departure. If wisdom come so late, where
shall we find a wise man ? Our old ones dote at threescore-
and-ten. I would cite more proofs, and a better author, but
for the present, let one fool point at another. ' Nevisanus
hath as hard an opinion of • rich men, " wealth and wisdom
cannot dwell together,** stuUitiam patiuntur opes, * and they
do commonly * tnfattiare car hominis^ besot men ; and as we
see it, " fools have fortune ; " • Saptentia non invenitur in
terra suaviter viventium. For beside a natural contempt <^
learning, which accompanies such kind of men, innate idle-
ness (for they will take no pains), and which * Aristotle
observes, tibi mens plurimOj ihi minima fortuna, ubi plurima
fortuna, ihi mens perexigua, great wealth and little wit go
commonly together: they have as much brains some of
them in their heads as in their heels; besides this inbred
neglect of liberal sciences, and all arts, which should excohre
mentem, polish the mind, they have most part some gullish
humour or other, by which they are led; one is an Epicure,
an Atheist, a second a gamester, a third a whoremaster (fit
subjects all for a satirist to work upon) ;

• ** Hie nuptaruxn insanit amoribas, hie pnerorum.**

One burns to madness for the wedded dame;
Unnatural lusts another's heart inflame.

• one is mad of hawking, hunting, cocking ; another of carous-
ing, horse-riding, spending; a fourth of building, fighting, &c,
Insanit veteres statuas Damasippus emendo, Damasippus hath

1 Doloro 86 dixit quod turn ylta egred- > Fortuna nimlam qnem fbret, stalttun

eretur. s Lib. 1, num. 11, sapientia ficlt. • Job. 28. i Mag. moral. lib.

et divitiae Tix rimul po»>ideri po<<sunt. 2, et lib. 1, wit. 4. • Ilor. lib. 1, sat. 4

s They get their wixdom by eating pie- ^ Insana gula insann obstructiones, i«

crust some * xp^f^"*"^ ''^C ^V^^C "i^num yenand! stucttom diacordUa 4»

yivercu a<j>poaiifij. Opes quidem mor- mens. Virg. .So.
talibus sunt amentia. Thaognls.

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Democritus to the Reader, 155

an humour of his own, to be talked of; *Heliodorus the
Carthaginian, another. In a word, as Scaliger concludes of
them all, they are Statuce erecfce stukittce, the very statues or
pillars of folly. Choose out of all stories him that hath been
most admired, you shall still find, multa ad laudem, muUa ad
vituperationem magnifica^ as ^ Berosus of Semiramis ; omnes
mortales militidy triumphis, divitiis, Spc,^ turn et lupcu, cadCf
ccBterisque vitiis antecessit, as she had some good, so had she
many bad parts.

Alexander, a worthy man, but furious in his anger, over-
taken in drink ; Cesar and Scipio valiant and wise, but vain*
glorious, ambitious; Vespasian a worthy prince, but covet-
ous ; * Hannibal, as he had mighty virtues, so had he many
vices ; unam mrtutem miUe vitia comttantur, as Machiavel of
Cosmo de Medici, he had two distinct persons in him. I
will determine of them all, they are like these double or
turning pictures ; stand before which you see a fair maid, on
the one side an ape, on the other an owl ; look upon them
at the first sight, all is well, but further examine, you shall
find them wise on the one side, and fools on the other ; in
some few things praiseworthy, in the rest incomparably
faulty. I will say nothing of their diseases, emulations, dis-
contents, wants, and such miseries; let poverty plead the
rest in Aristophanes's Plutus.

Covetous men, amongst others, are most mad, * They have
all the symptoms of melancholy, fear, sadness, suspicion, &c,
as shall be proved in its proper place.

" Danda est Hellebori multo pars maxima avaris.'

Misers make Anticyra their own;
Its hellebore reserved for them alone.

And yet methinks prodigals are much madder than they,

1 Heliodonis Carthaginientifs ad ex« suspects. SLiry. Ingentes rirtutes,

tremmn orbis narcopha^ te^tamento me in(?entia Tltia. * Hor. Quisquis am>

hie Jussi condier, et nt yiderem an quis bitione mal& ant argenU pallet amon)

insanior ad me ylsendum usque ad hsec Quisquis luzurlft, tristiquesuperatittora

loca penetrarot. Ortelius in Gad. Per.
* V iftlie hit work, whksh Qasper Venttas

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156 Democrittis to the Reader.

be of what condition they will, that bear a public or private
purse ; as ' Dutch writer censured Richard the rich duke of
Cornwall, suing to be emperor, for his profuse spending,
qui effudit pecuniam ante pedes pnnctptum Electorum sicut
aquam, that scattered money like water ; I do censure them,
StiUta Anglia (saith he) quce tot denariis sponte est privata,
stuUi pnncipes Atemanice, qui nohile jus suum pro pecunid
vendiderunt ; spendthrifts, bribers, and bribe-takers are fools,
and so are 'all they that cannot keep, disburse, or spend
their moneys well.

I might say the like of angry, peevish, envious, ambitious ;
• Anticyra^ melior sorhere meracas; Epicures, Atheists, Schis- '
matics. Heretics ; hi omnes habent imaginationem kesam (saith
Nymannus) " and their madness shall be evident" 2 Tim.
iii. 9. * Fabatus, an Italian, holds seafaring men all mad ;
" the ship is mad, for it never stands still ; the mariners are
mad, to expose themselves to such imminent dangers ; the
waters are raging mad, in perpetual motion ; the winds are
as mad as the rest, they know not whence they come, whither
they would go ; and those men are maddest of all that go to
sea ; for one fool at home, they find forty abroad." He was
a madman that said it, and thou peradventure as mad to read
•it * Faelix Platerus is of opinion all alchemists are mad, out
of their wits ; ' Athene us saith as much of fiddlers, et musa-
rum luscinias, ' Musicians, omnes tihicines insaniunt ; uhi
semel efflant, avolat iUico mens, in comes music at one ear,
out goes wit at another. Proud and vainglorious persons
are certainly mad ; and so are • lascivious ; I can feel their
pulses beat hither ; horn-mad some of them, to let others lie
with their wives, and wink at it

To insist * in all particulars, were an Herculean task, to

1 Cronica Slavonica ad annum 1257, de fi^ens, 40 mari inrenit. Gaspar Ens.

ev^viB peounia jam incredibilia dixc>funt< MoroB. ^ Cap. de alien, mentis,

s A fool and his money are soon parted. ^ Dipnosophist. lib. 8. 7 Tibicine*

s Orat. de imag. ambitiosua et audax mente Capti. Erasm. Chi. 14, cer. 7<

navij^t Anticyras. ♦ Navis stulta, quae » Prov. 30. Inaana libido. Hie roito non

oontinuo moretur; nautSB stulti qui se furor est, non est hnc mentula demens.

nericuUs exponunt; aqua insana quso sic Mart. ep. 74. 1. 8. . * MiUe pueUarun

n<amit. &c. : a8r Jaotatur. &o. : qn1 mari et puerorum millejuroret
m oommitttt stoUdum unom UtH. fti>

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Democritus to the Header. 157

* reckon up * insanas substructiones, insanos lahc res, tnsanum
luxunij mad labours, mad books, endeavours, carriages, gross
ignorance, ridiculous actions, absurd gestures ; insanam gulam^
insaniam viUarum, insana jurgia, as Tully terms them, mad-
ness of villages, stupend structures ; as those ^Egyptian Pyra-
mids, Labyrinths and Sphinxes, which a company of crowned
asses, ad ostentationem apum, vainly built, when neither the
architect nor king that made them, or to what use and pur-
pose, are yet known ; to insist in their hypocrisy, inconstancy,
blindness, rashness, detnentem temerttatem, fraud, cozenage,
malice, anger, impudence, ingratitude, ambition, gross super-
stition, • tempora infecta et adulatione sordida, as in Tiberius's
times, such base flattery, stupend, parasitical fawning and
colloguing, &C., brawls, conflicts, desires, contentions, it would
ask an expert Vesalius to anatomize every member. Shall
I say ? Jupiter himself, Apollo, Mars, &c., doted ; and
monster-conquering Hercules that subdued the world, and
helped others, could not relieve himself in this, but mad he
was at last. And where shall a man walk, converse with
whom, in what province, city, and not meet with Signior
Deliro, or Hercules Furens, Maenades, and Corybantes ?
"^ " ' ' 5. * Efungis nati homines, or else

je from those that were struck by
3 of an ass. Or from Deucalion
durum genus sumtts, ^marmorei
ted, and savour too much of the
leard that enchanted horn of Astol-
Ariosto, which never sounded but
, and for fear ready to make away
ed in the mad haven in the Euxine
bich had a secret quality to demen-
r of giddy-heads, afternoon men, it

[>Tid. ftemisculpti. ^ Arianus periplo maris

Taci- Euxini porttis t^ns meminit, et Oillias,

angis 1. 3, de Bwphor. Thracio et laurns innana

oiasri quaeallatain conviyium conyiras omneff

i fan- insania affscit. Ouliel. Stnccbios coof

licas. loeni., 8oe.

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158 Democritus to the Reader,

is Midsummer moon still, and the dogdajs last all the yeai
long, they are all mad. Whom shall I then except ? Ulricas
Huttenus * nemo, nam nemo omnibus horis sapit, Nemo nasci'
tur sine vitiis, Orimine Nemo caret, Nemo sorte sua vivit con"
tentus, Nemo in amove sapit, Nemo hontis, Nemo sapiens^
Nemo est ex omni parte heatus, S^c.,* and therefore Nich-
olas Nemo, or Monsieur Nobody shall go free, Quid valeai
nemo, Nemo referre potest f But whom shall I except in the
second place ? such as are silent, vir sapit qui pauca loqui-
tur ; 'no better way to avoid folly and madness, than by
taciturnity. Whom in a third? all senators, magistrates;
for all fortunate men are wise, and conquei^rs valiant, and so
are all great men, non est honum ludere cum diis, they are
wise by authority, good by their office and place, his Ucet
impune pessimos esse (some say) we must not speak of them,
neither is it fit ; per me sint omnia protinus cUba, I will not
think amiss of them. Whom next ? Stoics ? Sapiens
Stoicus, and he alone is subject to no perturbations, as • Plu-
tarch scoffs at him, " he is not vexed with torments, or burnt
with fire, foiled by his adversary, sold of his enemy ; though
he be wrinkled, sand-blind, toothless, and deformed ; yet he
is most beautiful, and like a god, a king in conceit, though not
worth a groat" " He never dotes, never mad, never sad,
drunk, because virtue cannot be taken away," as * Zeno holds,
" by reason of strong apprehension," but he was mad to say
so. * Anticyrce ccdo huic est opus aut doUibrd, he had need
to be bored, and so had all his fellows, as wise as they would
seem to be. Chrysippus himself liberally grants them to be
fools as well as others, at certain times, upon some occasions,
amitti virtutem ait per ehrietatem, aut atrihilarium morhum, it

1 Lepidum poema sic Inscriptum. tns. Ets! rugosus, senex edentnlns,

• " No one is wise at all hours, — no one luscua, defonnis, formosus tamen, et deo

born without faults,— no one free from similis, feHx, dives, rex nulllus ejfens,

crime, — no one content with his lot, — no etsi denario non sit dismus. * Ulum

one in love wise, — no jfood, or wise man contendnnt •ioninjuriiafflci,nonin8aniai,

perfiwtly happy." « Stultitiam simu- non inebriarl, quia virtus non eripltur ob

Hre non potes nisi tacitumitate. » Ex- constantes compi^hensionee. Lips. phy».

tortus non crudatur, ambustus nou Stoic, lib. 8, diffl 18. » 'Iftrreos Hebua

Icditar. prostratus in lucta. non Tind- eplg. 102, 1. 8.
tor ; non fit oaptirui ab hoste ^nunda-

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Democritus to the Header. 159

may be lost by drunkenness or melancbolj, he may be some-
times crazed as well as tbe rest ; ^ ad summum sapiens nisi
qhum pituita molesta. I should here except some Cynics,
Menippus, Diogenes, that Theban Crates ; or to descend to
these times, that omniscious, only wise fraternity ' of the
Bosicrucians, those great theologues, politicians, philosophers,
physicians, philologers, artists, &c., of whom S. Bridget,
Albas Joacchimus, Leicenbergius, and such divine spirits
have prophesied, and made promise to the world, if at least
there be any such (Hen. • Neuhusius makes a doubt of it,

* Valentinus Andreas and others) or an Elias artifex their
Theophrastian master; whom though Libavius and many
deride and carp at, yet some will have to be " the * renewer
of all arts and sciences," reformer of the world, and now liv-
ing, for so Johannes Montanus Strigoniensis, that great patron
of Paracelsus, contends, and certainly avers ' " a most divine
man," and tlie quintessence of wisdom wheresoever he is ; for
he, his fraternity, friends, &c, are all ' " betrothed to wisdom,"
if we may believe their disciples and followers. I must needs
except Lipsius and the Pope, and expunge their name out
of the catalogue of fools. For besides that parasitical testi-
mony of Dousa,

'* A Sole exoriente Mseotidas usque paludes,
Nemo est qui justo se aequiparare queat.** *

Lipsius saith of himself, that he was ^ humani generis quidem
jKBdagogus voce et stylo, a grand signior, a master, a tutor of
us all, and for thirteen years he brags how he sowed wisdom
in the Low Countries, as Ammonius the philosojiher some-
times did in Alexandria, ^cum humamtate literal et sapieji-
tiam cum prudentia : antistes sapientice, he shall be Sapientum
Octavus. The Pope is more than a man, as *°his parats

1 Hot. < Fratres ssnct. RoneaB erucis. ing Sun to the Maeotid Lake, there wai

* An dint, quales dint, unde nomen lllud not one that could foirly be put in com
•iciTcrint. • Turri Babel. » Om- parl«on with them." 8 Solus hie eat
ninm artium et scientlarum instaurator. Rapicns alii volitantrelut umbrse. ^ In

* Ditinus ille vir auctor notarum in epist. ep. ad Balthas. Moretum. Vi R^jecti-
Bog. Bacon, ed. Hambar. 1608. ' Sa- uncute ad Patavum. FelinuB omn reli-
ptentte desponaati. • "^ From th* Rl«- quia.

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160 Democritui to the Reader.

often make him, a demi-god, and besides his holiness cannot
err, in Cathedra belike ; and jet some of them have been
magicians, Heretics, Atheists, children, and as Platina saith
of John 22. Msi vir Uteratus, multa stoUditatem et kevitatem
prcB $e ferentia egit, stolidi et socordis vir ingenii, a sclu^ar
sufficient, yet many things he did foolishly, lightly. I can
say no more tlian in particular, but in general terms to the
rest, they are all mad, their wits are evaporated, and as
Ariosto feigns L 34, kept in jars above the moon.

** Some lose their wits with love, some with ambition.
Some following ^ Lords and men of high condition.
Some in fair jewels rich and costly set,
Others in Poetry their wits forget,
Another thinks to be an Alchemist,
Till all be spent, and that his number*8 mist.**

Convicted fools they are, mad men upon record ; and I am
afraid past cure many of them, * crepunt inguinciy the symp-
toms are manifest, they are all of Gotam parish :

*" Qunm furor hand dubius, qunm sit manifesta phrenesis,**

(Since madness is indisputable, since frenzy is obvions,)

what remains then 'but to send for Lorarios, those officers
to carry them all together for company to Bedlam, and set
Rabelais to be their physician.

If any man shall ask in the mean time, who I am that so
boldly censure others, tu nuUane habes vitiaf have I no
faults? *Yes, more than thou hast, whatsoever thou art
Nbs numerus sumus, I confess it again, I am as foolish, as
mad as any one.

*" Insanus vobis videor, non deprecor ipse,
Quo minus insanus,'*

I do not deny it, demens de populo demaiur. My comfort is,

1 Magntim Tirtiin sequl est sapere, tage. * Aliqaantalam tamen ind« dm

some think ; others desipere. Oatul. solabor, quod uni com multis et tapien;-

* Plaut. Meaeo. * In Sat. 14. * Or tibus et celeberrimis Tlria ipae inslpisna

to sand for a cook to the AntksyraB to sim, quod se Menippna Ludaoiin Naojo

nalu baUebore pottage, lettlo-brain pot- mantte. * Patronint in Oa to k ct

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' Democritus to the Reader, 161

I have more fellows, and those of excellent note. And though
I be not so right or so discreet as I should be, yet not so
mad, so bad neither, as thou perhaps takest me to be.

To conclude, this being granted, that all the world is
melancholy, or mad, dotes, and eveiy member of it, I have
ended my task, and sufficiently illusti-ated that which I took
upon me to demonstrate at first At this present I have no
more to say ; His sanam mentem Democritus^ I can but wish
myself and them a good physician, and all of us a better

And although for the above-named reasons, I had a just
cause to undertake this subject, to point at these particular
species of dotage, that so men might acknowledge their im-
perfections, and seek to reform what is amiss ; yet I have a
more serious intent at this time ; and to omit all impertinent
digressions, to say no more of such as are improperly melan-
choly, or metaphorically mad, lightly mad, or in disposition,
as stupid, angry, drunken, silly, sottish, sullen, proud, vain-
glorious, ridiculous, beastly, peevish, obstinate, impudent, ex-
travagant, dry, doting, dull, desperate, hairbrain, &c., mad,
frantic, foolish, heteroclites, which no new ' hospital can hold,,
no physic help; my purpose and endeavour is, in the fol-
lowing discourse to anatomize this humour of melancholy,
through all its parts and species, as it is an habit, or an ordi-
nary disease, and that philosophically, medicinally, to show
the causes, symptoms, and several cures of it, that it may be
the better avoided. Moved thereunto for the generality of
it, and to do good, it being a disease so frequent, as ^ Mercu-
rial is observes, " in these our days ; so often happening,"
saith • Laijrentius, "in our miserable times," as few there
are that feel not the smart* of it Of the same mind is iBlian
Montalius, * Melancthon, and others ; * Julius Caesar Claudi-
nus calls it the " fountain of all other diseases, and so com-

1 That I mean of Andr. Vale. Apo1(^. fi Consult. 98, adeo nostris temporibus

manip. 1. 1 et 26, Apol. ' > Hsec affec- frequenter ingruit ut nullus fere ab <^us

tio DOAtris temporibuB firequentlssima. labe immunis reperiator et omnium fera

s Cap. 15, de Mel. 4 De anioio nostro merborum occasio existat.

boo ssBColo morbui firequentissimus.

VOImI. il

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162 Democrifus to the Reader.

mon in this crazed age of ours, that scarce one of a thousand
is free from it;" and that splenetic hypochondriacal wind
especially, which proceeds from the spleen and short rihs.
Being then a disease so grievous, so common, I know not
wherein to do a more general service, and spend my time
better, than to prescribe means how to prevent and cure so
universal a malady, an epidemical disease, that so often, so
much crucifies the body and mind.

If I have overshot myself in this which hath been hitherto
said, or that it is, which I am sure some will object, too fan-
tastical, " too light and comical for a Divine, too satirical for
one of my profession," I will presume to answer with
* Erasmus, in like case, 'tis not I, but Democritus, Demoo-
ritus dixit ; you must consider what it is to speak in one's
own or another's person, an assumed habit and name ; a
difference betwixt him that affects or acts a prince's, a phi-
losopher's, a magistrate's, a fool's part, and him that is so
indeed ; and what liberty those old satirists have had ; it is a
cento collected from others ; not I, but they that say it

2 " Dixero si quid forte jocosius, hoc mihi juris
Cum venia dabis."

Yet some indulgence I may justly claim,
If too familiar with another's fame.

Take heed, you mistake me not If I do a little forget
myself, I hope you will pardon it And to say truth, why
should any man be offended, or take exceptions at it ?

" Licuit, semperque licebit,
Parcere personis, dicere de vitiis."

It lawful was of old, and still will be,
To speak of vice, but let the name go free

I hate their vices, not their persons. If any be displeased,
or take aught unto himself, let him not expostulate or cavil
with him that said it (so did • Erasmus excuse himself to

1 Mor. Encom. si quia calumnietur Tindlcet, non habet quod expoetalet earn

leviiis esse qaam decet Theologam, aut eo qui scripsit, ipse si Tolet, secum agmft

uiordacius quam deceat Christianum. injuriam, utpote soi proditor, qui dse-

> Hot. Sat. 4, 1. 1. ' Epi. ad Corpium laravit hoc ad se propxie pertinan.
ie Moria. A quispiam o&ndatur et sibi

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Democritus to the Header, 169

Dorpius, si parva licet cotnponere magnis) and so do I ; " but

let him be angiy with himself, that so betrayed and opened

his own faults in applying it to himself: " * if he be guilty

and deserve it, let him amend, whoever he is, and not be

angry. " He that hateth coiTection is a fool," Pro v. xii. 1.

If he be not guilty, it concerns him not ; it is not my freeness

of speech, but a guilty conscience, a galled back of his own

that makes him wince. /

^ Sospicione si quia errabit su^
£t rnpiet ad se, quod evit commnne omnium,
Stultd nudabit animi conscientiam." *

I deny not this which I have said savours a little of Democ-
ritus ; * Quamvis ridentem dicere verum quid vetat ; one may
6peak in jest, and yet speak truth. It is somewhat tart, I
grant it ; acriora orexim excitant embammata, as he said,
sharp sauces increase appetite, • nee cibus ipse jurat morsu
fraudatus aceti. Object then and cavil what thou wilt, I
ward all with * Democritus's buckler, his medicine shall salve
it ; strike where thou wilt, and when ; Democritus dixit,
Democritus will answer it. It was written by an idle fellow,
at idle times, about our Saturnalian or Dyonisian feasts, when
as he said, nullum lihertati perictUum est, servants in old Rome
had liberty to say and do what them list When our coun-
trymen sacrificed to their goddess *Vacuna, and sat tippling
by their Vacunal fires, I writ this, and published this oCn(
iXeyof, it is neminis nihil The time, place, persons, and all
circumstances apologize for me, and why may I not then be
idle with others ? speak my mind freely ? If you deny me
this liberty, upon these presumptions I will take it; I say
again, I will take it.

< *' Si quis est qui dictum in se inclementius
ExiHtimavit esse, sic existimet.**

1 Si quia se laesum clamablt, aut con- hoci ictus Democriti pharmacos. * Riis*

■dentiam prodit ffuam, aut certe metum. ticorum dea preesse vacantibus et otiosit

Ph»dr. lib. 8. M^op. Fab. * If any putabatur, cui post labore^t agricola sac-

«oe shall err through his own suspicion, rificabat. Plin. 1. S, o. 12. Ovid. 1. 6.

and shall apply to himself what is com- Fast. Jam quoque cum fiunt antiqusa

won to all, he will foolishly betray a con- sacra Vacunee, ante Vacunales stanU^iie

Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 15 of 48)