Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 17 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 17 of 48)
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a concomitant cause and principal agent, is God's just judg-
ment in bringing these calamities upon us, to chastise us, I
say, for our sins, and to satisfy- God's wrath. For the law
requires obedience or punishment, as you may read at larger
Deut xxviii. 15* " If they will not obey the Lord, and keep
his commandments and ordinances, then all these curses sludl
come upon them. ' Cursed in the town and in the field, &e>
* Cursed in the fruit of the body, &c. • The Lord shall send
thee trouble and shame, because of thy wickedness." And a
little after, * '^ The Lord shall smite thee with the botch of
Egypt, and with emrods, and scab, and itch, and thou canst
not be healed. ^With madness^ blindness, and astonishing
of heart" This Paul seconds, Rom. IL 9,^ " Tribulation a^
anguish on the soul of every man that doth evil." Or else
these diastisements are inflicted upon us for our,humiliation,
to exercise and try our patience here in this life, to bring us
home, to make us to know God ourselves, to inform and
tea(^ us wisdom. '"Therefore is my pec^le gone into
captivity, because they had no knowledge ; therefore is the
wrath of the Lord kindled against his people^ and he hath
stretched out his hand upon them." He is desirous of our
salvation. ^Nostrce salutis avidus, saith Lemnius, and for
that cause pulls us by the ear many times> to put us in mind

iftUt. xiv. 8. tPhilostratim^Ub. 8, D«Qfl quos diU^t, casUgaft. •Is&.t.IS,

▼It. ApoUonii. iDjustitiam ^us, «t scele- Terse 15. < Nostne salutis avidus cqd*

r&tas nuptias, «t caetera (^uaB pneter ra- tiaenter aures Telieat, ae calamitate so-

tionem fecerat, morborum causaa dixit, binda nos exeroet. Leviauji Lemn* 1 %

»16. *13. 620. « Verse 27. T2S. <j. 29, da o^ttlt. n*t. nxir.



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llem.l,fi]iis.l.] Diseases in GmsraL 177

nf <wir duties : ** That they whidh erred migbt bavft tender*
standing, (as Isaiah speaks xsix. 21,) and so to be refidrmed.*
I am afflicted, and at the point of death," so David confess-
«di of himself. Psalm IxxxviiL 9, 15. ^ Mine eyes are
sorrowful through mine affliction ; " and that made him tnra
•unto God. Great Alexaiwicr in the midst of all his pros-
perity, by ■% company of parasites deified, and now made ft
god, when he saw one of his wounds bleed, remembered that
he was but a man, and remit>ted of his pride. In mxyrho recol'
Ugit so ammus,* as ^ Plmy well perceived ; " In sickness the
mind reflects upon itself, with judgment surveys itself, and
libhors its former tc(Hir3es ; " insomuch that be comcludes to
his friend Marius, ^^^ that it were the period of all philosaphy,
a we could so continue, sound, or perform but a part of that
which we promised to do, being sidL." Wlaoso is wise then,
will consi^r these things, as David did (Psal. cxHv.j^neise
last) ; and whatsoever fortune befall him, make use of it. If
he be In sorrow, need, sickness, or any other adversity, sen-
ously to recount with himself, why ithis or that malady, mis-
cry, this or Ihat ioiettrable disease is infflcted upon him ; it
may be for his good, * sic exptdit, as Peter said of his daugh-
ter's ague. Bodily siduiiess is for his soul's health, periisset
nisi periisset, had he not been visit^ he had utterly per-
ished ; for ^ ^ the Lord correctetii him whom he lovei^ even
i» a fatba* doth his child in whom he delighteth." ^ he te
safo and soond on the oUier side, and free ^m all manner of
infirmity; ^et em

" Gratia, forma, valetudo contingat abnnd^
Et mundus victus, -non deficiente crumenft.'*

" And that he have grace, beauty, favour, health,
A cleanly diet, and abound ill wealth."

Yet in the midst of his prosperity, let him remember that

• Vexaslo d&t4ntelte«ttim. Isa. ^xviii. latigtioris non vnm msmor hujns amorii.

J9. Tn sickness the mind recollects itself. > Summum esse totius philosophise, ut

ilib. 7. C«m jadicio, moMs «t facta re- tales esse penevecemus. quaJee dob ititu-

c^noacit 4(fc«4xilcEetar. Rum fevo Ian- voii4Me'ioflniii {UEofiteoiur. ^ Petravob.



i^PiMr.iii. 13. ^9k.M^}3^X^



VOL. I. 13



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178 Diseases in General, [Part. L see. 1.

caveat of Moses, * " Beware that he do not forget the Lord
his God ; ** that he be not puffed up, but acknowledge them
to be his good gifts and benefits, and * " the more he hath, to
be more thankful," (as Agapetianus adviseth) and use them
aright.

Instrumental Causes of our Infirmities^] Now the instru-
mental causes of these our infirmities, are as diverse as Ihe
infirmities themselves ; stars, heavens, elements, &c. And
fdl those creatures which Grod hath made, are armed against
sinners. They were indeed once good in themselves, and
that they are now many of them pernicious unto us, is not in
their nature, but our corruption, which hath caused it. For
from the fall of our first parent Adam, they have been
changed, the earth accursed, the influence of stars altered,
the four elements, beasts, birds, plants, are now ready to
offend us. " The principal things for the use of man, are
water, fire, iron, salt, meal, wheat, honey, milk, oil, wine,
clothing, good to the godly, to the sinners turned to evU,**
Ecclus. xxxix. 26. ^' Fire, and hail, and famine, and dearth*
all these are created for vengeance," Ecclus. xxxix. 29. The
heavens threaten us with their comets, stars, planets, with
their great conjunctions, eclipses, oppositions, quartiles, and
such unfriendly aspects. The air with his meteors, thunder
and lightning, intemperate heat and cold, mighty winds, tem-
pests, unseasonable weather; from which proceed dearth,
famine, plague, and all sorts of epidemical diseases, consum-
ing infinite myriads of men. At Cairo in Egypt, every third
year, (as it is related by ^ Boterus, and others) 300,000 die
of the plague ; and 200,000, in Constantinople, every fifth
or seventh at the utmost How doth the earth terrify and
oppress us with terrible earthquakes, which are most fre-
quent in • China, Japan, and those eastern climes, swallowing
up sometimes six cities at once ? How doth the water rage
with his inundations, irruptions, flinging down towns, cities,

1 Deut. TiU. U. Qui stat rideat ne debitorem &teri. > Boterus de Inrt.

eadftt. * Quanto majoribus benefleiis urbinm. • Lege hist, relationem Lod.
a Deo oumulatnr, taato ohlioatiorem ee Frais de rebus Japonlels ad fl *"^



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Mem. 1, subs. 1.] Diseases in GeneraL 179

villages, bridges, &c, besides shipwrecks ; whole islands are
sometimes suddenly overwhelmed with all their inhabitants
in ^ Zealand, Holland, and many parts of the continent
drowned, as the ^ lake Erne in Ireland ? • Nihilque prater
arcium cadavera patenti cemimus freto. In the fens of
Friesland 1230, by reason of tempests, *the sea drowned
mvUa hominum miUia, et jumenta sine numero, all the coun-
try almost, men and cattle in it How doth the fire rage,
that merciless element, consuming in an instant whole cities ?
What town of any antiquity or note hath not been once,
again and again, by the fury of this merciless element, de-
uced, ruinated, and leil desolate ? In a word,

* ** Ignis pepercit, unda niergit, aeris
Vis pestilentis squori ereptum necat,
Bello superstes, tabidus morbo perit."

" Whom fire spares, sea doth drown; whom tesi,
Pestilent air doth send to clay;
Whom war *scapes, sickness tai^es awaj.**

To descend to more particulars, how many creatures are
at deadly feud with men ? Lions, wolves, bears, &c. Some
with hoofs, horns, tusks, teeth, nails; How many noxious
serpents and venomous creatures, ready to offend us with
stings, breath, sight, or quite kill us ?, How many pernicious
fishes, plants, gums, fruits, seeds, fiowers, &c, could I reckon
up on a sudden, which by their very smell many of them,
touch, taste, cause some grievous malady, if not death itself?
Some make mention of a thousand several poisons ; but these
are but trifles in respect The greatest enemy to man, is
man, who by the devil's instigation is still ready to do mis-
chief, his own executioner, a wolf, a devil to himself, and
others. * We are all brethren in Christ, or at least should
be, members of one body, servants of one Lord, and yet no
fiend can so torment, insult over, tyrannize, vex, as one man

1 Guicciard. descript. Belg. anno 1421. the open sea. * Munster. 1. 8. Cos.

« Oiraldus Cambrens. » Janus Dousa, cap. 462. * Buchanan. Baptist.

sp. Ub. 1, ear. 10. And ire perceiTe noth- * Homo homini lupus, homo homlni <to-

ms, exoepft tba dead bodies of oitiet In mon.



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180 Diseases in Oen&rdL [Part I. se^. 1

doth miotlier. Let me not fall therefore (safth Dftvid, when

wars, plague, famine w^e offered) into the hands of men,

merciless and wicked men :

* ^ Vix sunt homines ho<s notnhie dfgnl,
Qnkmque lapi, ssbvsb plus feritatis habent.'*

We can most part foresee these epidemical diseases, and
likely avoid them ; Dearths, tempests, piagoes, onr astrologers
foretell us ; Earthquakes, inundations, ruins of houses, con*
fioming fires, come by little and little, or make s(»ne noise
beforehand ; but the knaveries, impostures, injuria and vil-
lanies of men no art can avoid. We can keep our professed
enemies from our cities, by gates, walls, and towers, defend
ourselves from thieves and robbers by watchfulness and
weapons ; but this malice of men, and their pernicious en-
deavours, no caution can divert, no vigilancy foresee, wo
have so many secret plots and devices, to mischief one
another.

Sometimes by the devil's help as magicians, * witches:
fibmetimes by impostures, mixtures, poisons, stratagems, sin-
gle combats, wars, we hack and hew, as if we were «i iiiX&r-
nectonem necti, like Cadmus's soldiers bom to consume onh
another. * Tis an ordinary thing to read of a hundred and
two hundred thousand men slain in a battle. Besides aH
manner of tortures, brazen bulls, racks, wheels, strappadoes,
guns, engines, &c ^ Ad itnum corptis kunumiem suppUcia
plura^ quam membra : We have invented more torturing in-
struments than there be several members in a man's body,
as Cyprian well observes. To come nesarer y^ out own
parents by their offences, indiscretion and intemperance, are
our mortal enemies. • ** The fathers have eaten sour grapes,
and the children's teeth are set on edge." They cause our
grief many times, and put upon us hereditary disea«^es, hievi-
table infinnities ; they torment us, and we are ready to injure
our posterity;

«0TM.4bTii8t.l.^,Xl«.S. iMlMdiitaeODilAiiOfMiMS. •Ub.2 H^fM

1, ad DonatQm. > EKoh. xviii. 2.



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Hem. 1, flu^ l.J Diseases in OeneraL ISI

1^ roox dfthiri prbgeniem vitiosieram.**

** And yet with crimes to us unknown.
Our sons shall mark the coming age their own.'*

tmd the latter end of die world, as 'Paul fbretold, is still
tike to be the worst We are thus bad by nature, bad bj
kind, bat far worse by art, every man the greatest enemy
unto himself. We i^dy many times to undo ourseh-es,
abasing those good gifts whidi God hath bestowed upon us,
heakh, wealth, strength, wit, learning, art, memory to our
own destruction, ^ Perditio ttu% exte. As * Judas Maccabeus
kiUed ApoUonius with hb own weapons, we arm ourselves
to oar own overthrows ; and use reason, art, judgment, all
Ihat should help us, as so many instruments to undo us.
Hect(»r gave Ajax a sword, which so long as he fought
against entities, served for his help and defence ; but after
he began to hurt harmless creatures with it, turned to his
own hurtless bowiels. Those excellent means God hath
bestowed on as, well employed, cannot but much avail us ;
but if otherwise perverted, they ruin and confound us ; and
80 by reason of our indiscn^tion and weakness they commonly
do, we have too many instances. This St. Austin acknowl-
edgeth of himself in his humble confessions, " promptness of
wit, mencKMT', eloquence, they were God's good gifts, but he
did not use them to his glory." If you will particularly
know how, and by what means, consult physicians, and they
wi^ tdl yoo, that it is in ofiending in some of those six non-
natural things, of which I shall ^dilate more at large ; they
are the causes of onr infirmities, our surfeiting, and drunken*
ncss, our immoderate insatiable lust, and prodigious riot.
Plures crajyuluy quam gladitis, is a true saying, the board
consumes more than the sword. Our intemperance it is,
that pulls so many several incurable diseases upon our heads,
that hastens 'old age, perverts our temperature, and brings
«pon OS sodden death. And last of all, that which crucifies

I Hot. 1. 3, Od. 6. * 2 Tim. itt. 2. • Part. 1, Seo. 2, Mtfmb. 2. • Nequl^ift

* Eaee. £viit. 81. Thy deitmetioa Is ost <ra» to nMi ttast «8Bi senem.
Van thywUl 421 Blaoo. iii. 12.



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182 i>e/I, Num,y Div, of Diseases. I Part 1. sec. l

us most, is our own folly, madness, (<pws Jupiter perdit, de-
mentat ; by subtraction of his assisting grace God permits it,)
weakness, want of government, our facility and proneness in
yielding to several lusts, in giving way to every passion and
perturbation of the mind ; by which means we metamorphose
ourselves and degenerate into beasts. All which that prince
of * poets observed of Agamemnon, that when he was well
pleased, and could moderate his passion, he was — os octdos*
que Jcyvi par ; like Jupiter in feature, Mars in valour, Pallas
in wisdom, another god ; but when he became angry, he was
a lion, a tiger, a dog, &c, there appeared no sign or likeness
of Jupiter in him ; so we, as long as we are ruled by reason,
correct our inordinate appetite, and conform ourselves to
Grod*s word, are as so many saints ; but if we give reins to
lust, anger, ambition, pride, and follow our own ways, we
degenerate into beasts, transform ourselves, overthrow our
constitutions, ^ provoke Grod to anger, and heap upon us this
of melancholy, and all kinds of incurable diseases, as a just
and deserved punishment of our sins.

SuBSECT. II. — The Definition^ Numher^ Division of Diseases.

What a disease is, almost eveiy physician defines. • Fer-
nelius calleth it an " Affection of the body contrary to na-
ture." * Fuschius and Crato, " an hinderance, hurt, or alter-
ation of any action of the body, or part of it" * Tholosanus,
" a dissolution of that league which is between body and soul,
and a perturbation of it ; as health the perfection, and makes
to the preservation of it" • Labeo in Agellius, " an ill habit
of the body, opposite to nature, hindering the use of it*
Others otherwise, all to this effect.

Number of Diseases^] How many diseases there are, is a
question not yet determined ; ' Pliny reckons up three hun-

1 Homer. Iliad. < Intern perantia, c. 8, & qno primam -dtiatar actio

lazus, ingluvies, et inflnita hujasinodi & Dissolutio foederis in corpore, at sanitat

flagitia, quae divinas poenas merentur. est consummatio. * Lib. 4, cap. 2.

Grato. s Fern. Path. 1. 1, o. 1. Mor- Morbus est habitus contra naturam, qui

bus est affectus contra naturam corpori usum ^us, &o. ' Cap. U, lib 7
Insidena. » Fusch. Instit. 1. 8, Sect. 1.



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Mem. 1, tubs. 2.] Def,^ Num., Div. of Diseases* 183

dred from the crown of the head to the sole of the foot ; else-
where he saith, morhorum infinita muUitucb^ their number is
, infinite. Howsoever it was in those times, it boots not ; in
our dajs I am sure the number is much augmented:

♦ " maciee, et nova febrium
Terris incabat cohors."

For besides many epidemical diseases unheard of, and alto-
gether unknown to Gkden and Hippocrates, as scorbutum,
smallpox, plica, sweating sickness, morbus Grallicus, &c, we
have many proper and peculiar almost to every part.

No man free from some Disease or other,"] No man
amongst us so sound, of so good a constitution, that hath
not some impediment of body or mind. Quisque suos
patimur manes, we have all our infirmities, first or last, more
or less. There will be peradventure in an age, or one of a
thousand, like Zenophilus the musician in ^ Pliny, that may
happily live one hundred and five years without any manner
of impediment ; a PoUio Romulus, that can preserve himself
^' with wine and oil ; " a man as fortunate as Q. Metellus,
i>f whom Valerius so much brags; a man as healthy as
Otto Herwardus, a senator of Augsburg in Germany, whom
'Leovitius the astrologer brings in for an example and
instance of certainty in his art ; who because he had the
significators in his geniture fortunate, and free from the
hostile aspects of Saturn and Mars, being a very cold man,
* " could not remember that ever he was sick." * Paracelsus
may brag that he could make a man live four hundred years
or more, if he might bring him up from his infancy, and diet
him as he list ; and some physicians hold, that there is no
certain period of man's life ; but it may still by temperance
and physic be prolonged. We find in the mean time, by



• Hont. lib. 1« ode 8. ** Emaciation, < ExempHs genitur. prae&xis Ephemer.

and a new cohort of fevers broods over cap. de inflrmitHt. ♦ Qui, quoad puo-

theeartii." i Gap. 60, lib 7. Centam ritin ultimam m(»noiiam leeordari potest

•t quinque Tlzlt annos sine ullo inoom- non memioit ra aegrotum dMubnisse.

■foao. * Intoi mulso, forM otoow » Lib. de Tita longa



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184 IXseases of the B$acL [Part. I Me. 1

oommoa experience, that no man can escape, but that of
iHesiod is true:

** HAcf j; f^ yilp ycua xaKCftf, n^jtlij 8i ^6X0000*

AvTOfiaroi <J>oitC)CC."

** Th' earth's full of maladies, and full the sea,
Which set upon us both by night and day.**

Dwision of IHseasesJ] If you require a more exact
division of these ordinary dbeases which are incident to
men, I refer you to physicians ; * they iviU teH you of acute
and chronic, first and secon(fa,ry, lethales, salutares, errant,
fixed, simple, compound, connexed, or consequent, belonging
to parts or the whole, in habit, or in disposition, iSkc My
division at this time (as most befitting my purpose) shall be
into those of the body and mind. For them of tbe body, ^a
brief catalogue of which FuscMos hath made, Institut lib. -8,
Beet 1, cap. 11, I refer you to the Toluminous tomes of
Gralen, Areteus, Rhasis, Avicenna, Alexander, Paulns ^tiiis,
Grordonerius ; and those exact Neoterics, Savanarola, Cap*-
vaccius, Donatus Altomarus, Hercules de Saxonia, Mer-
curialis, Victorius Faventinas, Wecker, Piso, -Ajc., that iiave
methodically and elaborately written of them alL Those of
the mind and head I will briefly handle, and apart

SuBSECT. m. — Division of the Diseases of the Head.

These diseases of the mind, forasmuch as they hav« t^dr
chief seat and organs in the head, which are commonly re-
peated amongst the diseases of to head which are divers, and
vary much according to their site. For in the head, as Acre
be several parts, so there be divers griev^wwes, which accord-
ing to that division of • Heumius, (which he takes out of Aiv
culanus,) are inward or outward (to omit all otlK»9 which
pertain to eyes and ears, nostrils, gums, teeth, mouth, palate,
tongue, wesel, chops, face, &c.) belonging properly to the

^ Oper. 0t Dtes > See Fenielitn P&th. * Pnefkt. de morbts «spitl8. In espMe vt
lib. l,4»i». 9,40,11, J2. Fmehiiu insllt. rmAm hitbitant partw.itfc^wto < |iwwl »
1. 8, teot. 1, 0. 7. WMmt. «ytlt. ibi vmAxOiL



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Meok 1, subs. 8.] Div, of Ae J)i$m9e$ of th0 Head. 185

brain, as baldness, falling of hair, furfaire, lice, &c * Inward
bcbnging to the skins next to the brain, called dura and pia,
tnater, as all headaches, &c., or to the ventricles, eaules, kels,
tonicles, creeki?, and parts of it, and their passions, as caro,
vertigo, incubus, apoplexy,, falling sickness. The diseases of
the nerves, cramps, stupor, convulsion, tremor, palsy; or
belonging to the excrements of the brain, catarrhs, sneezing,
rheums, distillations; or else those that pertain to the sub-
stance of the hrain itself, in which are conceived frenzy,
lethargy, melancholy, madness, weak memory, sopor, or Coma
VigiUa et vigil Coma. Out of these again I will single such
as properly belong to the fantasy, or imagination, or reason
itself which ^ I^aurentius calls the diseases of the mind ; and
Hildesheim, morbos imaginationis, avi rationis Icesce, (diseases
of the imagination, or of injured reason,) which are three or
four in number, frenzy, madness, melancholy, dotage, and
their kinds ; as hydrophobia, lycanthropia, Chorus Sancti Vitt,
morbi dtsmomaeiy (St. Vitus's dance, possession of devils,)
which I will briefly touch and point at, insisting especially in
this of melancholy, as more eminent than the rest, and that
through all his kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, cures ;
as Lonicerus hath done cte apopkocid, and many other of such
particular diseases. Not that I find fault with those which
have written of this subject before, as Jason Pratensis, Lau-
rentius, Montaltus, T. Bright, &c., they have done very well
in their several kinds and methods ; yet that which one omits,
another may haply see ; that which one contracts, another
may enlarge. To conclude with * Scribanius, " that which
they had neglected, or profunctorily handled, we may more
thoroughly examine; that which is obscurely delivered in
them, may be perspicuously dilated and amplified by us ; "
and so made more familiar and easy for every man's capacity,
and the common good, which is the chief end of my dis*
course.

]> Of vhich read Heoroias, Montaltus, minus recte fortasse dixorlnt, nos exajni-

UUdesheiio^ Quercetou, Jason Pratensis, nar«, melius dijudicare, corrig^« atud»

&c. 2 Cap. 2, de melanchol. » Cap. amus.
t, de Phiidologia sagarum; Quod alii



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186 Diseases of the Mind. [Part. L seo L

SuBSECT. rV. — Dotage, Frenzy, Madness, Hydrophobia, L^
canthropia. Chorus sancti Viti, Eodasis.
Delirium, Dotage,'] Dotage, fatuity, or folly, is a com-
mon name to all the following species, as some will have it.

* Laurentius and ^ Altomarus comprehended madness, melan-
choly, and the rest under this name, and call it the summum
genus of them all. If it be distinguished from them, it is
natural or ingenite, which comes by some defect of the
organ.^, and over-much brain, as we see in our common fools ;
and is for the most part intended or remitted in particular
men, and thereupon some are wiser than others; or else it
is acquis! te, an appendix or symptom of some other disease,
which comes or goes ; or if it continue, a sign of melancholy
itself.

FrenzyJ] Phrenitis, which the Greeks derive from the
word (^(yrjv is a disease of the mind, with a continual madness
or dotage, which hath an acute fever annexed, or else an in-
flammation of the brain, or the membranes or kels of it, with
an acute fever, which causeth madness and dotage. It differs
from melancholy and madness, because their dotage is with-
out an ague ; this continual, with waking, or memory de-
cayed, &c. Melancholy is most part silent, this clamorous ;
and many such like differences are assigned by physicians.

Madness,] Madness, frenzy, and melancholy are con-
founded by Celsus and many writers ; others leave out
frenzy, and make madness and melancholy but one disease,
which * Jason Pratensis especially labours, and that they
differ only secundum majus or minus, in quantity alone, the
one being a degree to the other, and both proceeding from
one cause. They differ intenso et remisso gradu, saith * Got*
donius, as the humour is intended or remitted. Of the same
mind is ^Areteus, Alexander Tertullianus, Guianerius, Savan-

1 Cap. 4, dfl mol. > Art. Med. 7. tudine et mo Jo solam distent, et alter

• Plerique medici uno complexu per- gruJua ad alterum existat. Jason Pra-
strlngunt hog duos morbo», quod ex tens. * Lib. Med. * Pftn» manuB
•adem causa oriantur, quodque magni- milii vidutur.



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Mem. 1, subs. 4.J Diseases of the Mind, 187

arola, Heumius ; and Galen himself writes promiscuously of
them both bj reason of their affinity ; but most of our ne-
oterics do handle them apart, whom I will follow in this trea-
tise. Madness is therefore defined to be a vehement dotage ;
or raving without a fever, far more violent than melancholy,
fiill of anger and clamour, horrible looks, actions, gestures,
troubling the patients with far greater vehemency both of
body and mind, without all fear and sorrow, with such impet-



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 17 of 48)