Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 26 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 26 of 48)
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hold) producing this and such like effects. I will not here
stand to discuss oUter^ whether stars be causes, or signs ; or
to apologize for judicial astrology. If either Sextus Empiri-

i Godelmannos, cap. 7, lib. 1, nutri- fbl. 147. > Omnia pUltra etcd inter 88

enm mammas prsBsiccant, aolo tactu differant, hoc habent commune, quod

podagram, apoplexiam, paralysin, et alioe hominem officiant melanoholicum ; epint.

morbos, quos medidna curaie non pot- 2S1. Scholtiii. * De Gruent. C^da*

erat ^ Faotua inde Blaniaous, spec 2, ver.



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Mem. 1, subs. 4.] Causes of Melancholy, 273

cus, Picus Mirandula, Sextus ab Heminga, Pererius, Erastus,
Chambers. &c., have so far prevailed with any man, that he
will attribute no virtue at all to the heavens, or to sun, or
moon, more than he doth to their signs at an innkeeper's post,
or tradesman's shop, or generally condemn all such astrologi-
isil aphorisms approved by experience ; I refer him to Bel-
kntius, Pirovanus, Marascalleinis, Goclenius, Sir Christopher
lleidon, <&c. If thou shalt ask me what I think, I must an-
swer, nam et docHs hisce errorihus versatus sum (for I am
conversant with these learned errors), they do incline, but not
compel ; no necessity at all ; i agunt non cogunt ; and so
gently incline, that a wise man may resist them ; sapiens dom-
inahitur astns ; they rule us, but God rules them. All this
(methinks) ^ Joh. de Indagine hath comprised in brief, Quee-
ns a me quantum in nobis operantur astra ? Sfc. " Wilt thou
know how far the stars work upon us ? I say they do but
incline, and that so gently, that if we will be ruled by reason,
they have no power over us ; but if we follow our own na-
ture, and be led by sense, they do as much in us as in brute
beasts, and we are no better." So that, I hope, I may justly
conclude with ' Cajetan, Oodum est vehictdum divince virtutis^
Sfc, that the heaven is Grod's instrument, by mediation of
which he governs and disposeth these elementary bodies ; or
a great book, whose letters are the stars (as one calls it),
wherein are written many strange things for such as can
read, * " or an excellent harp, made by an eminent workman,
on which, he that can but play, will make most admirable
music." But to the purpose.

* Paracelsus is of opinion, *' that a physician without the
knDwlodge of stars can neither understand the cause or cure
of any disease, either of this or gout, not so much as tooth-

1 Astra regunt homines, et regit astra Imnine et influentia, Deus elementaria

Dens. > Chirom. lib. quseris k me corpora ordinat et disponit. Th. de

qaantam operantur astra? dico, in nos Vio. Ctgetanus in Psa. 104. * Man

nihil astra nrgere, sed animos proclives dus iste quasi lyra ab excellentissimo

trahere : qui sic tamen liberi sunt, ut si quodam artifice ooncinnata, quern qui

ducem sequantur rationem, nihil eflft- ndrit mirabiles eliciet harmonias. J.

ciant, sin yero naturam. id agere quod Dee. Aphorismo 11. 6 Medicus sine

in brutis fere. » Coelum yehiculum coeli peritia nihil est, &e., nisi genesimsci*

divinsB yirtutis, cujos mediante motu, yerit, ne tantillum poterit, lib. do podag
VOL. I. 18



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271 CaUBfift of JMelanchofy. [Part. I. see. 8.

ache ; except he 6ee the peculiar geniture and scheme of the
party affected." And for this proper malady, he will have
the principal and primary cause of it proceed from the
heaven, ascribing more to stars than humours, ^ '^ and that the
constellation alone many times prodnceth melancholy, aU
other causes set apart." He gives instance in lunatic personsy^
that are deprived of their wits by the moon's motion ; and in
another place refers all to the ascendant, and will have the
Uiie and chief cause of it to be sought from the stars. Nei-
ther is it his opinion only, but of many Gralenists and philosry*
phers, though they do not so peremptorily maintain as much.
"This variety of melancholy symptoms proceeds from the
stars," saith ^ Melancthoa ; the most generous melancholy, as
that of Augustus, comes from the conjunction of Saturn and
Jupiter in Libra; the bad, as that of Catiline's, from the
meeting 'of Saturn and the moon in Scoqno. Jovianus Pon-
tanus, in his tenth book^ and thirteenth chapter de rebus ecdei*
tibus, discoursetJi to this purpose at large, JEx atrd Ule varti
generantur morbi, S^c, • " many diseases proceed from black
choler, as it shall be hot or cold ; and though it be cold in its
own nature, yet it is apt to be heated, as water may be made
to boil, and bum as bad as fire ; or made cold as ice ; and
thence proceed such variety of symptoms, some mad, some
solitary, some laugh, some rage," <&e. The cause of all which
intemperance he will have chiefly and fNrimarily proceed from
the heavens, * " from the position of Mars, Saturn, and Mer-
cury." His aphorisms be these, *" Mercury in any geniture,
if he shall be found in Virgo, or Pisces, his opposite sign, and
that in the horoscope, irradiated by those quartile aspects of

1 Constellatio in causa est; et ioflnen- tametsi sn&pte naturft frigida sit. Annoa

tia coeli morbum hunc moyet interdmnf aqua sio afflcitor a calore nt ardeat ; et a

omnibus aliis amotis. £t alibi. Origo frigore, ut inglaciem concreecacf eth»o

ejus it. Coelo petenda est. Tr. de morbis yarietas distincttonum, alii flent, rideat,

ataentium. > Lib. de anitna, cap. de &c. * Hanc ad intern perantiam gig-

humorib. Ea yarietas in Melancholia, nendam plurimum confert ^f et T^ pod*



habet cselestes causas c5 h ^^ '^ ^^ n (5 tus, &c. & 5 Quoties alicujus genitura

cf et d in rn. sBxatra bile yarii gen- in m et K adyerso s* '" "^ —

erantur morbi, perinde at ipse multum scopum partiliter tent

calidi ant frigioi in se habuerit, quum cf yel ^ a radio peic

atrique susciptondo quam aptisauna sit, ab Insanla yexabitur.



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Mem. 1, subs. 4.] Gcmses of Melancholy. 275

Saturn or Mars, the child shall be mad or melancholy."
Again, ^ ^^ He that shall have Saturn and Mars, the one cul-
minating, the other in the fourth house, when he shall bo
bom, shall be melancholy, of which he shall be cured in time,
if Mercury behold them." * " If the moon be in conjunction
or opposition at the birth time with the sun, Saturn or Mars,
or in a quartile aspect with them (} malo codi loco, Leovitius
adds), many diseases are signified, especially the head and
brain is like to be misaSected with pernicious humours, to be
melancholy, lunatic, or mad," Cardan adds, qimrtd lund naios,
eclipses, earthquakes. Garcseus and Leovitius will have the
chief judgment to be taken from the lord of the geniture, or
where there is an aspect between the moon and Mercury, and
neither behold the horoscope, or Saturn and Mars shall be
lord of the present conjunction or opposition in Sagittarius or
Pisces, of the sun or moon, such persons are commonly epi-
leptic, dote, dsemoniacaly melandioly ; but see more of these
aphorisms in the above-named Pontanus. Garcseus, cap. 23^
de JticL genitur, Schoner. lib. 1, cap. 8, which he hath gath-
ered out of • Ptolemy, Albubater^ and some other Arabians,
Junctine, Ranzovius, Lindhout, Origen, &c. But these men
you will reject peradventure, as astrologers, and therefore
partial judges ; then hear the testimony of physicians,
Gralenists themselves. ^ Carto confesseth the influence of
stars to have a great hand to this peculiar disease, so doth
Jason Pratensis, Lonicerius prafat. ds Jpoplexid, Fidnus,
Femelius, ^c * P. Cnemander acknowledgedi the stars an
universal cause, the particular from parents, and the use of
the six non-natural things. Baptista Port. mag. L 1, c. 10,
12, 15, will have them causes to every particular indivtdium.
Instances and examples, to evince the truth of these aphor-
ism?, are common amongst those astrologian treatises. Car-

1 Qui ^i et ff habet, alfemmm in col- melanchcdieorum symptomato dderxuD

mine, alteram imo coelo, cum in lucem influentiis. * Arte Medica. Aecedunt

Tenerit, melancholknis erit> k qua sanab- ad has causas aflfocttones ddemm. Plu*

itor, si ^ illos inradiftTit. >Hao oon- rhnum ineitant et proTooant inflneii-

flgaratione oatos, aut lunaticu&, aut tise cselnstes. Velcurio, lib. 4, cap. 16

meote captuf . * Ptolomnus oentilo- fi Hildesheim, q;>ioel. 2, de mal.
qoio, et quadripurtlto tribuit <»nniuin



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27b GauLses of Melancholy. [Part. I. sec. 2.

dan, in hfe thirty-seventh geniture, gives instance in Math.
Bolognius. Oamerar. hor, nataltt centur, 7, genit, 6 et 7, of
Daniel Gare, and others; but see GrarcaBus, cap. 33, Luc
Gauricus, Tract. 6, de Azemenisy S^c. The time of this mel-
ancholy is, when the significators of any geniture are directed
according to art, as the hor: moon, hylech, &c., to the hostile
beams or terms of ^ and ^ especially, or any fixed star of
their nature, or if ^ by his revolution, or transitus, shall
offend any of those radical promissors in the geniture.

Other signs there are taken from physiognomy, metopos-
oopy, chiromancy, which because Joh. de Indagine, and Rot-
man, the landgrave of Hesse his mathematician, not long
since in his Chiromancy; Baptista Porta, in his celestial
Physiognomy, have proved to hold great affinity with astrol-
ogy, to satisfy the curious, I am the more willing to insert

The general notions ^ physiognomers give, be these ; " black
colour argues natural melancholy ; so doth leanness, hirsute-
ness, broad veins, much hair on the brows," saith * Gratana-
rolus, cap. 7, and a little head, out of Aristotle, high sanguine,
red colour, shows head melancholy ; they that stutter and are
bald, will be sopnest melancholy (as Avicenna supposeth), by
reason of the dryness of their brains ; but he that will know
more of the several signs of humour and wits out of physiog-
nomy, let him consult with old Adamantus and Polemus, that
comment, or rather paraphrase upon Aristotle's Physiognomy,
Baptista Porta's four pleasant books, Michael Scot de secretis
naturtB, John de Indagine, Montaltus, Antony Zara. anat. in-
geniorum, sect. 1, memb. 13, e^ lib. 4

Chiromancy hath these aphorisms to foretell melancholy
Tasneir. lib. 5, cap. 2, who hath comprehended the sum of
John de Indagine; Tricassus, Corvinus, and others in his
book, thus hath it; ^"The Saturnine line going from the
rascetta through the hand, to Saturn's mount, and there inter-

1 Joh. de Indag. cap. 9. Montaltus, Galeno. > Satnmina k Rascetta per

cap. 22. * Caput parrum qui habent mediam manum decurrens, usque ad

cerebrum et spiritus plerumque angus- radioem montis Satumi, k parris lineif

tos, fodle incident in Melanoholiam rubi- interseota, arguit mdanoholkxM. Apho

euudi. iEtius Idem Montaltus* c. 21, h rim. 78.



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Mein. 1, snbs. 4.) Oavtses of Melancholy, 277

sected by certain little lines, argues melancholy ; so if the
vital and natural make an acute angle, Aphorism 100. The
saturnine, epatic, and natural lines, making a gross triangle
in the hand, argue as much ; " which Groclenius, cofp, 5 Chiros.
repeats verbatim out of him. In general they conclude all,
that if Saturn's mount be full of many small lines and inter-
sections, ^ " such men are most part melancholy, miserable,
and full of disquietness, care and trouble, continually vexed
with anxious and bitter thoughts, always sorrowful, fear-
ful, suspicious ; they delight in husbandry, buildings, pools,
marshes, springs, woods, walks, &c." Thaddaeus Haggesius,
in his Metoposcopia, hath certain aphorisms derived from
Saturn's lines in the forehead, by which he collects a melan-
choly disposition ; and ^ Baptista Porta makes observations
firom those other parts of the body, as if a spot be over the
spleen ; * " or in the nails ; if it appear black, it signifieth
much care, grief, contention, and melancholy;" the reason
he refers to the humours, and gives instance in hitnself, that
for seven years' space he had such black spots in his nails,
and all that while was in perpetual lawsuits, controversies
for his inheritance, fear, loss (^ honour, banishment, grief,
care, &c., and when his miseries ended, the black spots van-
ished. Cardan, in his book de libris propriis, tells such a
story of his own person, that a little before his son's death, he
had a black spot, which appeared in one of his nails ; and
dilated itself as he came nearer to his end. But I am over
tedious in these toys, which howsoever, in some men's too
severe censures, they may be held absurd and ridiculous, I
am the bolder to insert, as not borrowed from circumforanean
rogues and gypsies, but out of the writings of worthy philoso-
phers and physicians, yet living some of them, and religious
professors in famous universities, who are able to patronize

1 Agitantitr miserlis, eontinuia inquie- Itides, ^o. Jo. de Indaglne, lib. 1.

tadinibus, neqne unquam k solicitudine > Cselestts Phygiognom. lib. 10. ^ cap.

Ubwi sunt, anxie aflOigantur amarisdmis 14, lib. 5. Idem: maealn in nngalif

intra cogitationibuB, semper tristes, bus- nigrsB, lites, rixas, melancholiam si^oJfl

pitiogi, metfculod : oogitationes sunt, cant, ab humore in corde talL
▼ell* agrom ccdere, stagna amant et pa-



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278 Causes of Mekmciioly. [Part. 1. sec. a.

thai which they have said, and vindicate themselveR from all
cavillers and ignorant persons.

SuBSECT. V. — Old Age a Cause,

Secondary peculiar causes efficient, so called in respect
of the other precedent, are either congeniUB ttUertuB, innaUB^
as they term them, inward, innate, inbred ; or else outward
and adventitious, which happen to us after we are bom ; cod^
genite. or bom with us, are either natural, as old age, or
prcBter naturam (as ^ Femelius calls it) that distemperature,
which we have from our parents' seed, it being an hereditary
disease. The first of these, which is natural to all, and whidi
no man living can avoid, is ^ old age, which being cold and
dry, and of the same quality as melancholy is, must needs
cause it, by diminution of spirits and substance, and increase
ing of adust humours ; therefore * Melancthon avers out of
Aristotle, as an undoubted truth, Senes plerunque deUrdsse in
senectd, that old men familiarly dote, ob airam hUemy for
black choler, which is then superabundant in them ; and
Rhasis, that Arabian physician, in his Cont. lib, 1, cap, 9,
calls it * " a necessary and inseparable accident," to all old
and decrepit persons. After seventy years (as the Psalmist
saith) * " all is trouble and sorrow ; " and common experi-
ence confirms the truth of it in weak and old persons, especi-
ally such as have lived in action all their lives, had great
employment, much business, much command, and many ser-
vants to oversee, and leave off ex abrupto ; as ^ Charles the
Fifth did to King Philip, resign up all on a sudden ; they
ai*e overcome with melancholy in an instant ; or if they do
continue in such courses, they dote at last {seviex bis puf.r)^
and are not able to manage their estates through common in-
firmities incident in their age ; ftill of ache, sorrow and grief,
shildren again, dizzards, they carle many times as they sit,

1 Lib. 1. Path. cap. 11. s V«iiit » Gap. de humoribos, Ub. de Anlma.

enim propetata mails inopina senectvts : * Ndcessariam accidens decrepltifi, et in

9t dolor setatem Ja9sit imen meam. separabile. *Pia.zc.lO. ftMeteraa

Boefchius, met. 1, de conaol. Philoe. Belg. hist. lib. 1.



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Mem. iy subs. 6.] Oatises of Mdaincholy. 279

and talk to themselves, thej are angry, was{»sh, displeased
with everything, " suspicious of all, wayward, covetous, hard
(saith Tully), self-willed, superstitious, self-conceited, brag-
gers and admirers of themselves," as ^Balthasar Castalio
hath truly noted of them.* This natural infirmity is most
eminent in old women, and such as are poor, solitary, live in
most base esteem and beggary, or such as are witches ; inso-
much that Wierus, Baptista Porta, Ulricus Molitor, Edwicus,
do refer all that witches are said to do, to imagination alone,
and this humour of melancholy. And whereas it is con-
troverted, whether they can bewitch cattle to death, ride in
the air upon a coulstaff out of a chimney-top, transform them-
sdvea into cats, dogs, &Cj translate bodies from place to
place, meet in companies, and dance, as they do, or have
carnal copulation with the devil, they ascribe all to this re-
dundant melancholy, which domineers in them, to * somnifer-
ous potions, and natural causes, the devil's policy. Non
kedunt omntnS (saith Wierus) aujt quid mirum faciuni {de
LamiiSy lihl ^, co^. 86), ut pviatur, solam vitiatam haherU
phcmtasiam; they do no such wonders at all, only their
* brains are crazed. * " They think they are witches, and can
do hurt, but do not." But this opinion Bodine, Erastus,
Danseus, Scribanius, Sebastian Michaelis, Campanella de
setwi rerum, lib. 4, cap, 9, * Dandinus the Jesuit, Ub, 2, d$
JMimd, explode ; * Cicogna confutes at large. That witches
are melancholy, they deny not, but not out of corrupt fan-
tasy alone, so to delude themselves and others, or to produce
such effects

SuBSBCT. VI. — Parents a Cause by Propagation,

That other inward inbred cause of Melancholy is our
temperature, in whole or part, which we receive from our

1 Sunt morosi, atudl, et iraoundi et gnis in&ntam, &o. * Corrupta est ito

difllcflee senes, si quserimus, etiam ay^, ab hiimore MelanchoUco phantasia. Ny-

Tall. d© senectote. « Lib. 2. de Aulico. maniis. «» Putant se Iwdere quando

Senes avari, morosi, jactabundi, philanti, non Isedunt. * Qui hsec in iinagina>

ddiri, superstitiosi. suspiotosi, ifec. Lib. tionis yim referre conati sunt, atrse bUis,

3, deLamils, cap.l7et&. < Solanum, ioanem prorsus laborem susoeperunti

opium, lop] adepfl, laer. aiini, &e., san- « Lib. 8, cap. 4, omnif. mag.



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280 Causes of MeUmcholy. [Patu I. seo. a

parents, which * Femelius calls Prceter naturam^ or un-
natural, it being an hereditary disease ; for as he justifies
^ Quale parentum maxime patris semen obtigerit, tales evadunt
similares spemuUicceque partes^ quocunqvs etiam morbo Pater
quum general tenetur, cum semine transfert in Prolem ; such
as the temperature of the father is, such is the son's, and look
what disease the father had when he begot him, his son will
have after him ; ^ " and is as well inheritor of his infirmities,
as of his lands." ''And where the complexion and constitution
of the father is corrupt, there (• saith Roger Bacon) the com-
plexion and constitution of the son must needs be corrupt,
and so the corruption is derived from the father to the son."
Now this doth not so much appear in the composition of the
body, according to that of Hippocrates, " " in habit, propor-
tion, scars, and other lineaments ; but in manners and con-
ditions of the mind, Et palrum in natos abeunt cum semine
mores.

Seleucus had an anchor on his thigh, so had his posterity,
as Trogus records, 1. 15. Lepidus in Pliny, 1. 7, c 17, was
purblind, so was his son. That famous family of JBnobarbi
were known of old, and so sumamed from their red beards ;
the Austrian lip, and those Indian flat noses are propagated,
the Bavarian chin, and goggle eyes amongst the Jews, as
• Buxtorfius observes ; their voice, pace, gesture, looks, are
likewise derived with all the rest of their conditions and in-
firmities ; such a mother, such a daughter ; the very • affec-
tions Lemnius contends " to follow their seed, and the malice
and bad conditions of children are many times wholly to bo
imputed to their parents ; " I need not therefore make any
doubt of Melancholy, but that it is an hereditary disease.
' Paracelsus in express words affirms it, lib. de morb. arnen^

** Lib. 1, cap. 11} path. i Ut arthrit- corruptio 4 patribns ad filios. * Non

id, epilep. &c. * Ut flUi non tamr pos- tarn (inquit Hippocrates) gibbos et eioa-

sessionumquammorbonunhseredessint. trices oris et corporis habitom agnoedi

s Epist. de secretis artis et naturae, c. 7, ex iis, sed yerum incessum, gestus, mores,

nam in hoc quod patres corrupti sunt, morbos, &o. & Synagog. Jud. * Af-

generant filios corruptee complexlonis, et fectus parentum in foetus traiiseunt. et

oompositionis, et fiUi eorum eftdem de puerorummaliciaparentibusimputanda,

causa se corrumpunt, et sic deriratur lib. 4, cap. 8, de occult, nat mirac. ' Ex



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Mom. 1, subs. 6.] Causes of Melancholy. 281

Hum, to. 4c, tr. 1; so doth ^ Crato in an Epistle of his to
Monavius. So doth Bruno Seidelius in liis book de morho
encurah. Montaltus proves, cap. 11, out of Hippocrates and
Plutarch, that such hereditary dispositions are frequent, et
nanc {inquit) fieri reor oh partidpatam melanckolicam in'
temperantiam (speaking of a patient) I think he became so
by participation of Melancholy. Daniel Sennertus, lib. 1,
part 2, cap. 9, will have his melancholy constitution derived
not only from the father to the son, but to the whole family
sometimes; Quandoque totis familiis Iiereditativam ; ^Fores-
tus, in his medicinal observations, illustrates this point, with
an example of a merchant, his patient, that had this infirmity
by inheritance ; so doth Eodericus k Fonseca, tom. 1, consul.
69, by an instance of a young man that was so affected
ex matre meUmcholica, had a melancholy mother, et victu
melancholico, and bad diet together. Lodovicus Mercatus,
a Spanish physician, in that excellent Tract which he hath
lately written of hereditary diseases, tom. 2, oper. lib. 5,
reckons up leprosy, as those • Galbots in Gascony, hereditary
lepers, pox, stone, gout, epilepsy, &c Amongst the rest, this
and madness after a set time comes to many, which he calls a
miraculous thing in nature, and sticks forever to them as an
incurable habit. And that which is more to be wondered at,
it skips in some families the father, and goes to the son, * " or
takes every other, and sometimes every third in a lineal de-
scent, and doth not always produce the same, but some like,
and a symbolizing disease." These secondary causes hence
derived, are commonly so powerful, that (as * Wolphius holds)
scepe mutant decreta siderum, they do often alter the primary
causes, and decrees of the heavens. For these reasons, be-
like, the Church and commonwealth, human and Divine laws,
have conspired to avoid hereditary diseases, forbidding such

pituitosis pituitosi. ex biliosis biliosi, ez tuum. < Lib. 10, observat 16. ' Ma-
lienoBis et melancholicis melancholici. ginus Oeog. * Saepe non eundem, sed
1 Bpist. 174, in Scoltz. nascitur nobiscum similem producit effectmn, et illeeso pa-
ilia aliturque ot an^ cum parentibus rente transit in nepotem. & Dial, prafr-
habemua malum huno assem. Jo. Pe- fix. genituris LeovitU.
leslus, lib. 2, de cuia humanorum affoo-



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282 Oauses of Melancholy, [Part. I. sec; l

marriages a& are any whit allied ; and as Mercatus adviseth
all families to take such, si fieri possit qua maxime distant
natura, and to make choice of those that are most differing
in complexion from them ; if they love their own, and respect
the common good. And sure, I think, it hath been ordered
by Grod's especial providence, that in all ages there should be
(as usually there is) once in ^ 600 years, a transmigration of
nations, to amend and purify their blood, as we alter seed
upon our land, and that there should be as it were an inun^
dation of those northern Groths and Vandals, and many such
like people which came out of that continent of Scandia and
Sarmatia (as some suppose) and overran, as a deluge, most
part of Europe and Afric, to alter for our good, our com-
plexions, which were much defaced with hereditary infirmi-
ties, which by our lust and intemperance we had contracted.
A sound generation of strong and able men were sent
amongst us, as those northern men usually are, iimocuous,
free from riot, and free from diseases ; to qualify and make
us as those poor naked Indians are generally at this day ;
and those about Brazil (as a late ^ writer observes), in the
Isle of Maragnan, free from all hereditary diseases^ or other
contagion, whereas without help of physic they live commonly
130 years or more, as in the Orcades and many other places.
Such are the common effects of temperance and intemperance,
but I will descend to particular, and show by what means,
and by whom especially, this infirmity is derived unto us.

Filii ex senihus nati, raro sunt firmi temperament, old



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 26 of 48)