Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 28 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 28 of 48)
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** Like other cooks I do not supper dress,
Tha4 put whole meadows into a platter,
And make no better of their guests than beeves,
With herbs and grass to feed them fatter."

Our Italians and Spaniards do make a whole dinner of
herbs and salads (which our said Plautus calls ccsnas terreS'
ires, Horace, comas sine sanguine), by which means, as he
follows it,

3 " Hie homines tam brevem vitam colunt

Qui herbas hujusmodi in alvum suum congenmt,

Formidolosum dictu, non esu modb

Quas herbas pecudes non edunt, homines edunt.*'

*• Their lives, that eat such herbs, must needs be short,
And 'tis a fearful thing for to report,
That men should feed on such a kind of meat,
Which very juments would refuse to eat."

• They are windy, and not fit therefore to be eaten of all
men raw, though qualified with oil, but in broths, or other-
wise. See more of these in every ^ husbandman and herbalist.

Boots,'] Boots, Msi quorundam gentium opes sint, saith
Bruerinus, the wealth of some countries, and sole food, are

1 Pseadolus. aet. 8, seen. 2. * Plan- Tel parce d^^^rit. Keraleius, cap 4,

tos, ibid. " Quare rectios Taletudini de rero vum med. * In ItBzaldo dt

insB quisque consalet, qui laps As priorum Horto P. Orescent. Herbastein, &e.
paientum memor, eas plane Tel tnniflerit

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294 Causes of MeUxMkdUf. [Part L seo.!.

windy and bad, or troublesome to the head ; as onions, garlie^
scallions, turnips, carrots, radishes^ parsnips; Crato, lib^ 2.
consiL 11, disallows all roots, though ^some approve of pars-
nips and potatoes. ^ MagninuS is of Crafco's opinion, • " They
trouble the mind, sending gross fumes to the brain, make
men mad, especially garlic onions, if a man liberally feed on
them a year together." Guianerius, tract, 15, ca-p. 2, com*
plains of all manner of roots, and so doth Bruerinus, even
parsnips themselves, which lire the best, Lih 9, caf, 14.

Fruits^ Pastinacarum usus succos gignit improhos, Crato^
consiL 2,1 y lih, 1, utterly forbids all manner of firuits, as pears,
apples, plums, cherries, strawberries, nuts, medlars, serves,
&c. Sang^inem tnficiunt, saith Yillanovanus, they infect the
blood, and putrefy it, Magninus holds, and must not therefore
be taken vid cibi, ant quantitcUe magndy not#to make a meal
of, or in any great quantity. ^ Cardan makes that a cause
of their continual sickness at Fessa in Africa, " because they
live so much on fruits, eating them thrice a day." Lauifen-
tius approves of many fruits, in his Tract of Melancholy
which others disallow, and amongst the rest apples, which
some likewise commend, sweetings, pearmains, pippins, as
good against melancholy; but to him that is any way in-
clined to, or touched with this malady, * Nicholas Piso in his
Practics, forbids all fruits, as windy, or to be sparingly eaten
at least, and not raw. Amongst other fruits, •Bruerinus,
out of Galen, excepts grapes and figs, but I find them like-
wise rejected.

Pvlse,'\ All pulse are nought, beans, peas, vetches, &C.,
they fill the brain (saith Isaac) with gross fumes, b^eed
black thick Mood, and cause trouMesome dreams. And
therefore, that which Pythagoras said to his scbolai'S of old,
may be forever applied to melancholy men, AfcMs ahuinetey
eat no peas, nor beans ; yet to such as will needs eat them^

1 Gap. 18, part. 8, Bright in liis Tract. 18. Improbi succi sant, cap. 12. « !)•

afBifel. s iBtefiectom turbant^ proda- remm varietat. la Fessa -i>leniiir4a«

Qunt insaniam. > Audivi (iaquit Hag- morbosi, quod fructuB eomedant ter ia

nln.) quod si quia ex {is per annum oon-^ die; 6 Oap. de MeL < Lib. 11, e. S '
tlnoi comedat, in insaniun oaderet, oap.

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Mem. 2, subs. 1.] Causes of Melancholy, 295

I would give this counsel, to prepare them according to those
rules that Amoldus Yillanoyanus, and Frietagius prescrihe,
for eating, and dressing, fruits, herbs, roots, pulse, <&<c

Spices.'] Spices cause hot and head melancholy, and are
for that cause forbidden by our physicians to such men as are
inclined to this malady, as pepper, ginger, cinnamon, dOves^
mace, dates, <&c., honey and sugar. ^Some except honey;
to those that are cold it may be tolerable, but ^ Dulda se in
hilem vertunt (sweets turn into bile), they are obstructive.
Crato therefore forbids all spice, in a consultation of his, ids
a melancholy schoolmaster, Omnia aromaiica^ et quicquid
sanguinem adurit ; so doth Femehus, consil 45, Guiane*
riuai, tract. 15, cap. 2, Mercurialis, cons. 189. To these I
may add all sharp and sour things, luscious, and OYcr-sweet,
or fat, as oil, vinegar, verjuice, mustard, salt ; as sweet things
are obstructive, so these are corrosive. Gromesius, in his
books, de sale, I. 1, c. 21, highly commends salt; so doth
Codronchus in his tract, de sale Ahsynihii, Lemn. I. 3, c, 9,
de occuU. not. mir., yet common experience finds salt, and
salt meats, to be great procurers of this disease. And for
that cause belike those Egyptian priests abstained from salt,
even so much, as in their bread, tU sine perturbatione cmima
essety saith mine author, that their souls might be free frcnn

Bread.] Bread that is made of baser grain, as peas,
beans, oats, rye, or * over-hard baked, crusty, and black, is
often spoken against, as causing melancholy juice and wind.
Job. Mayor, in the first book of his History of Scotland, con-
tends much for the wholesomeness of oaten bread ; it was
objected to him then living at Paris in prance, that his coun*
trymen fed on oats, and base grain, as a disgrace ; but he
doth ingenuously confess, Scotland, Wales, and a third part
of England, did most part use that kind of bread, that it was
as wholesome as any grain, and yielded as good nourishment.

1 Bright, 0. 6, exoepts honey. SHor. edas cnutam, oholeram q-oift glgntt
apud Seoltdmn ooiudl. 188. < Ne com- adiutMn. SeoL SaL

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296 Causes of Melancholy. [Part. 1. sec. 2

And yet Wecker out of Galen calls it horse-meat, and fitter
for juments than men to feed on. Bat read Galen himself,
Uh, 1, De cibis honi et mali sued, more largely discoursing
of com and bread.

Wine.'] All black wines, over-hot, compound, strong thick
drinks, as Muscadine, Malmsey, Alicant, Rumney, Brown-
bastard, Metheglen, and the like, of which they have thirty
several kinds in Muscovy, all such made drinks are hurtful
in this case, to such as are hot, or of a sanguine choleric com-
plexion, young, or inclined to head-melancholy. For many
times the drinking of wine alone causeth it. Arculanus,
c. 16, in 9 Bhasis, puts in *wine for a great cause, especially
if it be immoderately used. Guianerius, tract 15, c, 2, tells
a story of two Dutchmen, to whom he gave entertainment in
his house, " that ^ in one month's space were both melancholy
by drinking of wine," one did nought but sing, the other sigh.
Galen, l. de catisis morb, c, 3. Matthiolus on Dioscorides,
and above all other Andreas Bachius, L 3, 18, 19, 20, have
reckoned upon those inconveniences that come by wine ; yet
notwithstanding all this, to such as are cold, or sluggish
melancholy, a cup of wine is good physic, and so doth
Mercurialis grant, consil, 25, in that case, if the tempera-
ture be cold, as to most melancholy men it is, wine is much
commended, if it be moderately used.

Cider, Perry,] Cider and perry are both cold and windy
drinks, and for that cause to be neglected, and so are all those
hot spiced strong drinks.

Beer,] Beer, if it be over-new or over-stale, over-strong,
or not sodden, smell of the cask, sharp, or sour, is most un-
wholesome, frets, and galls, &c Henricus Ayrerus, in a
* consultation of his, for one that laboured of hypochondriacal
melancholy discommends beer. So doth * Crato in that ex-
cellent counsel of his, Zdh, 2, consiL 21, as too windy, be-
cause of the hop. But he means belike that thick black
Bohemian beer used in some other parts of * Germany,

1 Vinnm turbidnm. < Ex yinl paten- gpicel. Ibl. 278. ♦ Crasrain eenent
tis bibitione. duo Alemani in QUO meiue eanguinem. sAbontDantdeinSpmoe,
melftnoholici flMti sunt. • Hildesheim, Hamburgh, Ldpsio.

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Mem. 2, snbs. 1.] Causes of Melancholy. 297

^ nil spissins iUa
Dum bibitar, nil clarias est dnm mingitor, nnde
(Constat, qu6d mnltas faeces in corpore linqnat.*'

" Nothing comes in so thick,
Nothing goes oat so thin,
It must needs follow then
The dregs are left within."

As that ^old poet scoffed, caUing it Stygice monstrum con-
forme paUtidi, a monstrous drink, like the river Styx. But
let them saj as they list, to such as are accustomed unto it,
" 'tis a most wholesome (so ^ Polydor Virgil calleth it) and a
pleasant drink," it is more subtile and better, for the hop that
rarefies it, hath an especial virtue against melancholy, as our
herbalists confess, Fuchsius approves, Lib. 2, sec. 2, insHt.
cap. 1 1, and many others.

Waters.'] Standing waters, thick and ill-coloured; such
as come forth of pooK and moats, where hemp hath been
steeped, or slimy fishes live, are most unwholesome, putre-
fied, and full of mites, creepers, slimy, muddy, unclean, cor-
rupt, impure, by reason of the sun's heat, and still-standing ;
they cause foul distemperatures in the body and mind of man,
are unfit to make drink of, to dress meat with, or to be • used
about men inwardly or outwardly. They are good for many
domestic uses, to wash horses, water cattle, &c., or in time
of necessity, but not otherwise. Some are of opinion, that
such fat, standing waters make the best beer, and that seeth-
ing doth defecate it, as * Cardan holds, Lib. 13, subtil. " It
mends the substance, and savour of it," but it is a paradox.
Such beer may be stronger, but not so wholesome as the
other, as * Jobertus truly justifieth out of Galem, Paradox,
dec 1, Paradox 5, that the seething of such impure waters
doth not purge or purify them, Pliny, lib. 31, c 3, is of the
same tenet, and P. Crescentius, agrtcvk. lib. 1, et lib. 4, c. 11,
et c. 45. Pamphilius Herilachus, /. 4, de not. aquarum, such

1 Henrletis Abrincenste. «Potti8tmn d« et maW olentes, &c. ^Innoximn

flalnbris turn jucundug, 1. 1. 'Oalen, reddit et bene olentem. 6 Contendl*

1. 1, de san. tuend. Cayendas sunt aqtue haec Titia cootione non emendari.
qiMB ex stagnis hanrinntur, et qcuB torbl-

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298 (hmes of Melancholy. [Part. I. sec. 8.

waters are nought, not to be used, and by the testimony of
* Galen, " breed agues, dropsies, pleurisies, splenetic and mel-
ancholy passions, hurt the eyes, cause a bad temperature, and
ill disposition of the whole body, with bad colour." This
Jobertus stiffly maintains, Paradox, lib. 1, part. 5, that it
causeth blear eyes, bad colour, and many loathsome diseases
to such as use it ; this which they say, stands with good rea-
son ; for as geographers relate, the water of Astracan breeds
worms in such as drink it *Axius, or as now called V^>
duri, the fairest river in Macedonia, makes all cattle black
that taste of it. Aleacman, now Peleca, another stream in
Thessaly, turns cattle most part white, n potui ducca. 1m
Aubanus Rohemus refers that • struma or poke of the Bava-
rians and Styrians to the nature of their waters, as ^ Munster
doth that of the Yalesians in the Alps, and ^Bodine sup-
poseth the stuttering of some families in Aquitania, about
Labden, to proceed from the same cause, ^^ and that the filth
is derived from the water to their bodies." So that they iSasA
use filthy, standing, ill-coloured, thick, muddy water, must
needs have muddy, ill-coloured, impure, and infirm bodies.
And because the body works upon the mind, they shall have
grosser understandings, dull, foggy, melancholy spirits, and
be really subject to all manner of infirmities.

To these noxious simples, we may reduce an infinite num^
ber of compound, artificial, made dishes, of which our cooks
afford us a great variety, as tailors do fashions in our ai^)aFeL
Such are * puddings stuffed with blood, or otherwise com-
posed ; baked meats, soused indurate meats, fried and broiled
buttered m^ts ; condite, powdered and over-dried, ' all cakes,
simnels, buns, cracknels made with butter, spice, &c., fritters,

1 Lib. de bonitate aqn«, hyclropem derirantur. SBdnlla ex sangoino et

anget, febres putrfdas, splenem, ttisses. soffbcato parta. Hildeshehn. T Gnpe-

nocet oculis, malum habitum corporis et dia vero, placentn, bellaiia, c<mimeiita«

colofem. 3 Mag. Nigritatem indtfcit si que aUa curiosa pistorum et ooquorum,

pecora biberint. 3 Aquas ex nivibus gustui servientium conciliant morboc

coactee strumosos &ciunt. ^ Cosm<^. tum corpori turn animo inmnabilee

I. 8, cap. 86. 5 Method, hist. cap. 6, PhUo Judnus, Ub. de Tictimii. P. 3m

balbutinnt Labdoni in Aquitania ob vita^us.
tqnas, atqoe hi morbi ab aqniis in corpora

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Mum. 2, subs. 2.] Diet, a Game. 299

pancakes, pies^ sausages, and those several sauces, sharp, or
over-sweet, of which scientia popirue, as Seneca calls it, hath
served those ^Apician tricks, and perfumed dishes, which
Adrian the sixth Pope so much admired in the accounts oi
his predecessor Leo dectmtis ; and which prodigious riot ana
prodigality have in vented, in this age. These do generally
engender gross humours, fill the stomach with crudities, and all
those in\^'ard parts with obstructions. Montanus, concil. 22,
gives instance, in a melancholy Jew, that by eating such tart
sauces, made dishes, and salt meats, with which he was over*
much delighted, became melancholy, and was evil affected.
Such examples are familiar and common.

SuBSECT. H. — Quantity of Diet a Qause,

Thebe is not so much harm proceeding &om the substance
itself of meat, and quality of it, in ill-dressing and preparing,
as there is from the quantity, disorder of time and place, un-
seasonable use of it, ^ intemperance, overmuch, or overlittle
taking of it. A true saying it is. Flares crapuUi quhm
gladitis, This gluttony kills more than the sword, this omni"
vorantia et homidda gvla, this all-devouring and murdering
gut And that of ' Pliny is truer, " Simple diet is the best ;
heaping up of several meats is pernicious, and. sauces worse ;
many dishes bring many diseases." * Avicen cries out, " That
nothing is worse than to feed on many dishes, or to protract
the time of meats longer than ordinary ; from thence proceed
our infirmities, and 'tis the fountain of all diseases, which arise
out of the repugnancy of gross hupaours." Thence, saith
^ Femelius, come crudities, wind, oppilations, cacochymia,
plethora, cachexia, bradiopepsia, ♦ Hinc subita martes, atqu$
intestcUa senectus, sudden death, &c., and what not.

1 As lettuce steeped in wine, birds fed multos morbos multa ferenia ferant.

with fennel and sugar, as a Pope's concu- * 31 Dec. 2 c. Nihil deterius quam si

bine used in A-vignon, Stephan. >An- tempus Justo longius comedendo protra-

tmsB negotiiim iUa fitcessit, et de templo hatur, et yaria ciborum generk <touJan*

Dii immundum stabulnm fitcit. Paleti- gantur : inde morborum seatw* '^. ' m

us, 10, c. ''Lib. 11, c. 62. Homini exrepugnantiahumoromoritui ^ >>

oibus utilissimus simplex, acervatio cibo- 1. 1, c. 14. * ^ut. Sat 6.
mm pestifera, et eondlmenta perniciosa,

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300 Diet^ a Cause. [Part. I. sec. 2.

As a lamp is choked with a multitude of oil, or a little fire
with overmuch wood quite extinguished, so is the natural
heat with immoderate eating, strangled in the Ixxly. P«r-
nitiosa setittna est abdomen tnsaturabile : one saith, An insa-
tiable paunch is a pernicious sink, and the fountain of all
diseases, both of body and mind. ^ Mercurialis will have it
a peculiar cause of this private disease ; Solenander, consil. 5,
sect 3, illustrates this of Mercurialis, with an example of one
so melancholy, ab intempestivis commessattontinis, unseason-
able feasting. * Crato confirms as much, in that often cited
Counsel, 21, lib. 2, putting superfluous eating for a main
cause. But what need I seek farther for proofs? Hear
• Hippocrates himself, Lib. 2, Aphor. 10, " Impure bodies
the more they are nourished, the more they are hurt, for the
nourishment is putrefied with vicious humours."

And yet for all this harm, which apparently follows surfeit-
ing and drunkenness, see how we luxuriate and rage in this
kind ; read what Johannes Stuckius hath written lately of
this subject, in his great volume De Antiquorum Oonvivtts,
and of our present age ; Quam ^portentosce cceruB, prodigious
suppers, ^Qui dum invitant ad ccenam efferunt ad septdchrum^
what Fagos, Epicures, Apetios, Heliogables, our times afford ?
LucuUus's ghost walks still, and every man desires to sup in
Apollo ; -^sop's costly dish is ordinarily served up. ^Magis
ilia juvant, qu<B pluris emurUur. The dearest cates are best,
and 'tis an ordinary thing to bestow twenty or thirty pounds
upon a dish, some thousand crowns upon a dinner ; ' Mully-
Hamet, king of Fez and Morocco, spent three pounds on the
sauce of a capon ; it is nothing in our times, we scorn all that
is cheap. " We loathe the very • light (son^e of us, as Seneca

1 Nimia i;ep1etIo eibornm fedt mel&n- tomb." « Juvenal. " The hlgtaesi-

ohotioum. « Oomestio superflna cibi, priced dishea afford the greatest gn^tifica-

et pot&s qnantltas nhnia. > Impara tion." ' Guiccardin. 8 Na. qnaBSt.

corpora qnanto magis nntrtg, tanto magis 4, ca. ult. ftstidio est lamen gratuitum,

IsBdis: pntrefiMdt enim aUmentum viti- dolet quod sole, quod splritnm emera

osns humor. < Vld. Goclen. de porten- non possimiis, quod hlc a^^non emptnt

tosis ooenis, &c. Puteani Com. s Amb. ex Ikcili, &o., adeo nihil placet, dM quod

lib. de J^u. cap. 14. " They who inyite oarmn est.
OS to our supper, only conduct us to our

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Mem. 2, subs. 2.] Dietj a Cause. 301

Dotes) because it comes free, and we are offended with the
sun's heat, and those cool blasts, because we buy them not**
This air we breathe is so common we care not for it ; nothing
pleaseth but what is dear. And if we be * witty in anything,
it is dd gtilam ; If we study at all, it is ervdito Itujcu, to please
the palate, and to satisfy the gut " A cook of old was a base
knave (as ^ Livy complains), but now a great man in request ;
cookery is become an art, a noble science ; cooks are gentle^
men ; *' Venter Deus ; They wear ** their brains in their bellies,
and their guts in their heads," as ' Agrippa taxed some para-
sites of his time, rushing on their own destruction, as if a
man should run upon the point of a sword, usqtie dam rum-
vcmtur comedtmt^ " They eat till they burst ; " * All day, all
night, let the physician say what he will, imminent danger,
and feral diseases are now ready to seize upon them, that
will eat till they vomit, EdwrU ut vomant, vomv/nt tit edant,
saith Seneca ; which Dion relates of Vitellius, Soh transitu
ciborum nutriri judicattts ; His meat did pass through and
away, or till they burst again. * Stra^ animantium ventrem
onerant, and rake over all the world, as so many •slaves,
bdly-gods, and land-serpents, JSt totus orUs ventri nimis an-
gustus, the whole world cannot satisfy their appetite. ' " Sea,
land, rivers, lakes, &c., may not give content to their raging
guts." To make up the mess, what immoderate drinking in
every place? Senem potum pota trahebat anus, how they
flock to the tavern ; as if they were fruges consumere natty
bom to no other end but to eat and drink, like Offellius
Bibulus, that famous Roman parasite. Qui dum vixit, aut
Hbit out minxit ; as so many casks to hold wine, yea worse
than a cask, that mars wine, and itself is not marred by it ;
yet these are brave men, Silenus Ebrius was no braver.
Et qucR fuerunt vttia, mores sunt ; ^tis now the fashion of our
times, an honour ; Nwrie verd res ista eo rediit (as Chrysost.

1 Ingeniosi ad Gulam. < Olbn rile torius. ^ Seneca. > Mancipia gnlsB,

mancipimn, nunc in omni aestimatione, dapes non sapmre sed sumptu aestimantes.

mtne an baberi eapto, &c. s l^igt. Seneca consol. ad Helyidium 7 Saevi.

28, 1. 7, aaoniin in Tsntre ingeninm. in entia guttura satiate non possunt flnyil

natinls, &e « In Incem coeoat. Ser- etmaria. JSneas SylyioB de miser enria)

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802 Dia^ a Cause. [Part. L sec. x

serni. 80, in v. Ephes. oomm^its) Ut effeminaUe ridencUegtm
ignavuB loco haheatur, noUe in^riari ; 'tis now come to ibat
pass that he is no gentleman, a very milk-sop, a down of no
bringing up, that will not drink ; fit fw no company ; he is
your only gallant that plays it off finest, no disparagement
now to stagger in the streets, reel, rave, &c, but much to
his fame and renown ; as in like case Epidicus told Thesprio
his fellow-servant, in the * Poet, JEdipol fadTms itnprohim,
one urged, the other replied. At jam alii fecere idem, erit HU
iUa res honori, 'tis now no fault, there be so many brave ex-
amples to bear one out ; 'tis a credit to have a strong bi-ain,
and carry his liquor well ; the sde contention who can drink
most, and fox his fellow the soonest 'Tis the summum bonum
of our tradesmen, their felicity, life, and soul, Tanta dtdcedine
qffectant, saith Pliny, lib. 14, ci^ 12, ut magna pars nan
aliud vitcB prcemiiim inteUigat, their chief comfort, to be merry
together in an alehouse or tavern, as our modern Muscovites
do in their mede-inns, and Turks in their coffee-houses whicb
much resemble our taverns ; they will labour hard all day^
long to be drunk at night, and spend toHus anni labores, as
St. Ambrose adds, in a tippling feast ; convert day into night,
as Seneca taxes some in his times, Pervertunt officia noctis e$
hids; when we rise, they commonly go to bed, like our anr

<* Nosque nbi primus eqnis (Mriens afflavit anhelis,
Illis sera rubens accendit lamina vesper.**

So did Petronius in 'Tacitus, Heliogabalus in Lampri<Uas.

* " Noctes vigilabat ad ipsmn
Mane, diem totam stertebat.*'

" He drank the night away
Till rising dawn, then snored out all the day."

Snymdiris the Sybarite never saw the sun rise or set so
much as once in twenty years. Verres, against whom Tidly
BO much inveighs, in winter he never was extra tectum vix

iPlantofl. SHor.Ub. 1 Sat 8.

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Mem. 2, Bubs. 2.1 IheCj a Oau. 803

€xtra lectum^ never almost out of bed, ^ still wenching and
drinking ; so did he spend his time, and so do myriads in
our days. They have gymmma bibomsm, schools and ren-
dezvous ; these centaurs and lapidisB toss pots and bowls as
so many balls ; invent new tricks, as sausages, anchovies, to-
bacooj caviare, pickled oysters, herrings, fumadoes, &c. ; in-
numerable salt meats to increase their appetite, and study
how to hurt themselves by taking antidotes * ** to carry their
drink the better ; * and when nought else serves, they will
go forth, or be conveyed out, to empty their gorge, that they
may return to drink afresh*" They make laws, tnsanas legesj
tarUra biimdi fallacias, and * brag of it when they have done^
crowning that man that is soonest gone, as their drunken pred-
ecessors have done,-; — ^ quid ego pideo f Ps. Own corond

Pseudohim ehrium tuum . And when they are dead, will

have a can of wine with •Maron's old woman to be engraven
on th^ir tombs. So they triumph in villany, and justify their
wickedness ; with Babelais, that French Ludan, drunkenness
is better for the body than physic, because there be more old
drunkards than old physicians. Many such frothy arguments
they have, ^ inviting and encouraging others to do as they do,
and love them dearly for it (no glue like to that of good fellow-
ship). So did Alcibiades in Greece ; Nero, Bonosos, Helio-
gabalus in Rome, or Alegabalus rather, as he was styled <^
. old (as ^ Ignatius proves out of some old coins). So do many
great men still, as • Heresbachius observes. When a prince
drinks till his eyes stare, like Bitias in the Poet,

10 M (iiie impiger hansit
Spnmantem vino pateram).'*

** a thirsty soul ;
He took challenge and embraced the bowl;
With pleasure swill'd the gold, nor ceased to draw
Till he the bottom of the brimmer saw."

1 Did brvTitM oonyiTiis, nootis longi- Taaa Telnt ad ostentatlonem, fro.

tado stnpris eonterebatur. a Et quo 6 Plautus. > Lib. 8. Anthcl e. 20.

fins oapiant, initunenta «xcogitantur. l Gratiam conciliant potando. » Notif

Voras portentar at ad oonTiyicim repor- ad OsMares. * Lib. de educandis priO'

lentur, repleri nt exhauriant, et exhau- dpum liberit. w Virg. M. 1.

Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 28 of 48)