Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 29 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 29 of 48)
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rirl at Ubant. Ambro0. * Ingentia



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304 Diet^ a Came. [Part I. sec 2.

and comes off clearly, sound trumpets, fife and drums, the
spectators will applaud him, "the * bishop himself (if he
belie them not) with his chaplain, will stand by and do as
much," dignum principe haustum, 'twas done like a prince.
" Our Dutchmen invite all comers with a pail and a dish,**
VeltU infundibvla integras ohbas exhauriunt^ et in monstrosts
pocuUs, ipsi monstrosi manstrostus epotant, " making bar-
rels of their bellies.** Incredibile dicttiy as *one of their
own countrymen complains : ' Qtumtum Uquoris immodes-
tissima gens capiat, Sfc. "How they love a man that
will be drunk, crown him and honour him for it,'* hate him
that will not pledge him, stab him, kill him ; a most intoler-
able offence, and not to be forgiven. * " He is a mortal
enemy that will not drink with him,'* ^ Munster relates of
the Saxons. So in Poland, he is the best servitor, and the
honestest fellow, saith Alexander Gaguinus, *"that drinketh
most healths to the honour of his master, he shall be re-
warded as a good servant, and held the bravest fellow that
cames his liquor best," when a brewer's horse will bear much
more than any sturdy drinker, yet for his noble exploits in
this kind, he shall be accounted a most valiant man for * Tarn
inter epidas foriis vir esse potest ojc in hello, as much valour
is to be found in feasting as in fighting, and some of our city
captains, and carpet knights will make this good, and prove
it. Thus they many times wilfully pervert the good tempera-,
ture of their bodies, stifle their wits, strangle nature, and
degenerate into beasts.

Some again are in the other extreme, and draw this mis-
chief on their heads by too ceremonious and strict diet, being
over-precise, cockney-like, and curious in their observation

1 Idem strenui potatoris Episoopi Sacel- immodesta gens capiat, plus potantem

lanus, cum ingentem pateram exhaurit amicissimom habent, et serto coronant,

princeps. ^ Bohemus in Sa&x^nia. Ad- inimioissimum h contra qui non rult, et

eo immoderate et immodeste ab ipsis bibi- caede et fustibus expiant. * Qui potare

tur, ut in compotationibus suis non eya- recusat, hostis habetiir, et csede nonnan-

this solum et cantharis sat inftindere quam res expiatur. & Qui melius bibit

possint, sed impletum mulctrale ap- pro salute domlni, melior habetur minla*

ponant, et scutella iqjeota hortantur ter. « GrsBC. Poeta apud StobsBum,

quemlibet ad libitum potare. ^ IMctu aer. 18.
Incredibile, quantum hi:^n8oe liquoris



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Mem. 2, subs. 3.] Causes of Melancholy. 305

of meats, times, as that Medidna statica prescribes, just so
many ounces at dinner, which Lessius enjoins, so much at
supper, not a little more, nor a little less, of such meat, and
at such hours, a diet-drink in the morning, cock-broth, China-
broth, at dinner, plum-broth, a chicken, a rabbit, rib of a rack
of mutton, wing of a capon, the merry-thought of a hen, &c. ;
to sounder bodies this is too nice and most absurd. Others
offend in overmuch fasting ; pining adays, saith ^ Guianerius,
and waking anights, as many Moors and Turks in these our
times do. '^ Anchorites, monks, and the rest of that supersti-
dous rank (as the same Guianerius witnesseth, that he hath
often seen to have happened in his time) through immoderate
fasting, have been frequently mad." Of such men belike
Hippocrates speaks, 1 Aphor. 5, when as he saith, ^ " They
more offend in too sparing diet, and are worse damnified,
than they that feed liberally, and are ready to surfeit.

SuBSECT. m. — Custom qflHet, Delight, Appetite, Necessity,
how they cause or hinder.

No rule is so general, which admits not some exception ;
to this, therefore, which hath been hitherto said (for I shall
otherwise put most men out of commons), and those incon-
veniences which proceed from the substance of meats, an
intemperate or unseasonable use of them, custom somewhat
detracts and qualifies, according to that of Hippocrates 2,
Aphorism. 50, ' " Such things as we have been long accus-
tomed to, though they be evil in their own nature yet they
are less offbnsive.'* Otherwise it might well be objected that
it were a mere * tyranny to live after those strict rules of
physic ; for custom * doth alter nature itself, and to such as
are used to them it makes bad meats wholesome, and unseason-
able times to cause no disorder. Cider and perry are windy

1 Qui de die jejunant, et nocte y^ilant. Tictn s^ri delinqnunt, ex quo fit at ma-

fiicile csdant in melancholiam ; et qui jori afflciantur detrimento, majorque fit

naturae modum excedunt, c. 5, tract. 16, error tenui quam pleniore rictu ^ Quse

c. 2. Longa ftmis tolerantia, ut its ssepe longo tempore consueta sunt, etiamsl de- .

accidit qui tanto cum fervors Deo servire teriora, minus in assuetis molestare

eupiunt per jc}}unium, quod maniaci effl- solent. ^ Qui medic^ viyit, miser^

eiaiitur, ipse vidi siepe. ^ In tenui yivit. & Oonsuetudo altera natuift.

VOli. I. 20



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306 Cau9es of Mdaneholy, [Part. I. seo. S.

drinks, so are all fruits windy in themselves, cold most part,
yet in some shires of ^England, Normandy in France,
Guipuscoa in Spain, 'tis their common drink, and they are no
whit offended with it In Spain, Italy, and Africa, they live
most on roots, raw herbs, camel's * milk, and it agrees well
with them ; which to a stranger will cause much grievance.
In Wales, Ictcticinns vescuntur, as Humphrey Llwyd con*
fesseth, a Cambro-Briton himself, in his elegant epistle to
Abraham Ortelius, they live most on white meats ; in Hcd*
land on fish^ toots, * butter ; and so at this day in Greece, as

* Bellonius observes, they had much rather feed on fish than
flesh* With us. Maxima pars victus in came consistit^ we
feed on flesh most part, saith * Polydor Virgil, as all northern
countries do ; and it would be very offensive to us to Kve
after their diet, or they to live after ours. We drink beer,
they wine; they use oil, we butter; we in the north are

* great eaters ; they most sparing in those hotter countries ;
and yet they and we following our own customs are well
pleased. An Ethiopian of old seeing an European eat bread,
wondered, quomodo stercorihus vescentes viverinmSy how we
could eat such kind of meats ; so much differed his country*
men from ours in diet, that as mine f author infers, si qtds
iMorum victum apud nos amidari vdlet ; if any man should
so feed with us, it would be all ^ne to nourish, as Gicuta,
Aconitum, or Hellebore itself. At this day in China, the
common people live in a manner altogether on roots and
herbs, and to the wealthiest, horse, ass, mule, dogs, cat-flesh,
is as delightsome as the rest, so ^Mat Riocius the Jesuit
relates, who Hved many years amongst them. The Tartar?

1 Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, Wor- land, MuscoTy, and those northern ports,

oestershire. * Leo Afer. 1. 1, solo came- t Snidas vict. Herod. nihUo cum eo mell-

lorum lacte content!, nil prseterea delicia- us quam si quis Cicutam, Aconitum, &c.

rum ambiunt. 8 liandri vinum butyro ^ Expedit. in Sinas, lib. i, c. 8, hortensl-

dilutum bibunt (nauseo referens) ubiqoe um herbanun et olerum, apud Sinas

butyrum inter omnia fercula et bella^ quam apud nos longe frequentior usus,

locum obtinet. Steph praefat. Herod, complures quippe de vulgo reperias nullft

* Delectantur Graeci piacibus ma^ quun ali& re Tel tenuitatis, vel reli^onls causft
eamibus < Ub. 1, hist. Aug. s P. vescentes. Equus, Mulus, Asellus, &o.,
JoTius descript. Britonnm. They sit, sequ^ fer6 vescuntur ac pabola omnia,
'mt and drink al' day at dinner in Ice- Hat. Ricoius, lib. 5, cap. 12.



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Mem. 2, sabs. 8.] Causes of Mdancholf/. 807

eat raw meat, and most commonly ' horse-flesh, drink milk
and blood, as the Nomadea of old. JEt lac concretum cum
sanguine potat equina. They scoff at our Europeans for eat-
ing bread, which they call tops of weeds, and horse meat, not
fit for men; and yet Scaliger accounts them a sound and
witty nation, HviDg a hundred years ; even in the civilest
country of them they do thus, as Benedict the Jesuit ob-
served in his travels, from the great Mogul's Court by land
to Pekin, which Riccius contends to be the same with Cam-
bula in Cataia. In Scandia their bread is usually dried fish,
and so likewise in the Shetland isles ; and their other fare, as
In Iceland, saith ^Dithmams Bleskenius, butter, cheese, and
fish; their drink water, their lodging on the ground. la
America in many places their bread is roots, their meat
palmitos, pinas, potatoes, &c, and such fruits. There be of
them too that familiarly drink * salt sea*water all their lives,
eat t raw meat, grass, lUid that with delight. With some^
fish, serpents. Spiders ; and in divers places they ' eat man's
fiesh, raw and roasted, even the Emperor * Montezuma him-
self. In some coasts, again, * one trefe yields them cocoa^
nuts, meat and drink, fire, fuel, apparel ; with his leaves, oil,
vitiegar, cover for houses, &c, and yet these men going
naked, feeding coarse, live commonly a hundred years, are
seldom or never sick ; all which diet our physicians forbid.*
In Westphalia they feed most part on fat meats and wourts,
kimckle deep, and call it • cerebrum lovis ; in the Low Coun-
tries with roots, in Italy frogs and snails are used. The
Turks, saith Bn^bequius, delight most in fried meats. In
Muscovy, garlic and onions are ordinary meat and sauce,
which would be pernicious to such as are unaccustomed to
theid, delightsome to others ; and all is ' because they have

iTaxtarinmli8,eqtiigTe8CTintnretcnidi8 Ind. descript. lib. 11, cap. 10. Aqnam

oAtHibus, etfrngesoontemntmt, djeentes, mftHnam bibere, Bv^»ti absque noxft.

hoc jnmentorum pabulum et bourn, non t Dariea 2, Toyage. * Patagones.

hominum. « Islandia descriptlone, * Benzo et Fer. Cortesius lib. noYus orbis

Tictus eorum butyro. lacte, caseo oodsis- Inscrip. * liusooften, c. 66, palmaB In-

'ttk; places loco panis habent, potns, aqua star totfns orbisarboribns longe praestan*

aut serum, sic fivunt sine medlcina tior. « Lips, epist » Teneris assu*

mnlti ad aoocM *)00 * Laet. ocddent. esceie mnltum.



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308 Causes of MdanchcHy. [Part I. sec. 2.

been brought up unto it Husbandmen, and such as labour,
can eat fat bacon, salt gross meat, hard cheese, &c, (0 dura
mesBorum ilia), coarse bread at all times, go to bed and labour
upon a full stomach, which to some idle persons would be
present death, and is against the rules of physic, so that cus-
tom is all in all. Our travellers find this by common experi-
ence when they eome in far countries, and use their diet,
Ihey are suddenly offended, 1 as our Hollanders and English-
men when they touch upon the coasts of Africa, those Indian
capes and islands, are commonly molested with calentures,
fluxes, and much distempered by reason of their fruits*
*Peregrina, etsi suavia, solent vescentibus periurbationes in*
signes adferre, strange meats, though pleasant, cause notable
alterations and distempers. On the other side, use or custom
mitigates or makes all good again. Mithridates by often use,
which Pliny wonders at, was able to drink poison ; and a
maid, as Curtius records, sent to Alexander from K. Porus,
was brought up with poison from her infancy. The Turks,
saith Bellonius, lib. 3, c. 15, eat opium familiarly, a drachm
at once, which we dare not take in grains. "Garcius ab
Horto writes of one whom he saw at Goa in the East Indies,
that took ten drachms of opium in three days ; and yet eon."
suho loquebatur, spake understandingly, so much can custom
do. * Theophrastus speaks of a shepherd that could eat helle-
bore in substance. And therefore Cardan concludes out of
Galen, Gonsttetudinem tUcunque ferendam, nisi valdk malam.
Custom is howsoever to be kept, except it be extremely bad ;
he adviseth all men to keep their old customs, and that by the
authority of * Hippocrates himself, Dandum aliquid temporty
(Btatiy regionif consuettidini, and therefore to * continue as
they began, be it diet, bath, exercise, &c., or whatsoever
else.

Another exception is delight, or appetite, to such and such

1 RepentiiuB mntatloneB nozam pari- 1. 8, c. 19. prax. med. ♦ Aphorism. II

nnt. Hippocrat. Aphorism. 21, Epist ft In dubiis consuetndhiem sequator ad»

6, sect. 8. > Bruerinns, lib. 1, cap. 23. lescens, et inoeptls perserreret
* Shnpl. med. o. 4, 1. 1. * Heuniius,



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Mem. 2, subs. 4.J Retention and JShacucUion, Causes, 309

meats ; though they be hard of digestion, melancholy ; yet as
Fuchsius excepts cap. 6, lib. 2, Institut. sect. 2. '"The
stomach doth really digest, and willingly entertain such meats
we love most, and are pleasing to us, abhors on the other
side such as we distaste." Which Hippocrates confirms,
Aphorism 2, 38. Some cannot endure cheese out of a
secret antipathy, or to see a roasted duck, which to others is
a ^ delightsome meat.

The last exception is necessity, poverty, want, hunger,
which drives men many times to do that which otherwise
they are loth, cannot endure, and thankfiilly to accept of it ;
as beverage in ships, and in sieges of great cities, to feed on
dogs, cats, rats, and men themselves. Three outlaws in
• Hector Boethius, being driven to their shifts, did eat raw
flesh, and flesh of such fowl as they could catch, in one of the
Hebrides for some few months. These things do mitigate or
disannul that which hath been said of melancholy meats, and
make it more tolerable ; but to such as are wealthy, live
plenteously, at ease, may take their choice, and refrain if
they will, these viands are to be forborne, if they be inclined
to, or suspect melancholy, as they tender their healths;
Otherwise if they be intemperate, or disordered in their diet,
at their peril be it Qui monet amat, Ave et cave.

He who advises is your friend,
FareweU, and to your health attend

SuBSECT. IV. — Retention and Evacuation a cause, and how.

Op retention and evacuation, there be divers kinds, which
are either concomitant, assisting, or sole causes many times
of melancholy. * Galen reduceth defect and abundance to
thirf head; others *"A11 that is separated, or remains."
- Costiveness."] In the first rank of these, I may well reckon
up costiveness, and keeping in of our ordinary excrements;

1 Qui otim Tolnptate asstimuntur cibi, stomach, as the saying ts. * Lib. 7,

rentrinulns aviditts complectitnr, expe- Hist. Scot. ^90, artls. 5 Qua m

diti usque concoquit, et qxm dlBplicent cemuntur aut subslotunt.
aTersatut. s Nothing against a good



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310 Retention and Miacitaiion, Causes. (Part. I. sec. %

which as it oflen causeth other diseases, so this of m^lancholj
in particular^ ^Celsus, lib. 1, cap. 3, saith,"It produceth
inflammation of the head, dulness, cloudiness, headache, &c.'
Prosper Calenus, lib. de cUrd bile, will have it distemper not
the organ only, ^ " but the mind itself by troubling of it ; "
and sometimes it is a sole cause of madness, as you may reatl
in the first book of * Skenkius's Medicinal Observations. A
young mei'chant going to Nordeling fair in Grermany, for ten
days' space never went to stool; at his return he was
^grievously melancholy, thinking that he was robbed^ and
would not be persuaded but that all his money was gone ;
his friends thought he had some philtrum given him, but
Cnelius, a physician, being sent for, found his ^oostiveness
alone to be the cause, and thereupon gave him a clyster, by
which he was speedily recovered. Trincavellius, consult*
85, lib. 1, saith as much of a melancholy lawyer, to whom he
administered physic, and Rodericus i Fonseca, consult. 85,
tom. 2,* of a patient of his, that for eight day^ was bound,
and therefore melancholy affected. Other retentions and
evacuations there are, not simply necessary, but at some
times ; as Femelius accounts them. Path. lib. 1, cap. 15^
as suppression of hsBmorrhoids, or monthly issues in women,
bleeding at nose, immoderate or no use at all of Venus ; or
any other ordinary issues.

•Detention of haemorrhoids, or monthly issues, Villano-
vanus Breviar. Ub. 1, cap. 18, Arculanus, cap. 16, in 9.
Rhasis, Yittorius Faventinus, pract. mag. Tract 2, cap. 15,
Bruel, &c, put for ordinary causes. Fuchsius, 1. 2, sect, 5, c
30, goes farther, and saith, ' " That many men unseasonably
cured of the haemorrhoids have been corrupted with melan-
choly, seeking to avoid Scylla, they fall into Charybdis.
Galen, L de hum. commen. 3, ad text. 26, illustrates this by au

1 Ex Tentre suppresso, inflammationes, dies alrmn siocum habet, et nihil reddlt.

capitis dolores, caligines crescnnt. ^Ex- ^ Sive per nares, sive hsemorrtioideB.

crementa retenta mentis acitationem par- i Multi intompestiy^ ab hsemorrtioidibai

ere solent. * Cap. de Mel. * Tarn cnrati. melancholia corrupt! sunt. In-

delirus, ut vix se hominem agnosceret. cidit in Scyllam, &c
6 Alyus astrictus causa. * Per octo



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M«B. 2, subs. 4.] Retention and Bvcumatian, Causes. 311

example of Lucius Martius, whom he cured of madness,
contracted by this means; And ^Skenkius hath two other
instances of two melancholy and mad women, so caused from
the suppression of their months- The same may be said of
bleeding at the nose, if it be suddenly stopped, and have
been formerly used, as * Villanovanus urgeth ; And • Fuch»
sius, lib. 2, sect 5, cap. 33, stiffly maintains " That without
great danger, such an issue may not be stayed."

Venus omitted produceth like effects. Mathiolus, epist, 5,
1, penult. *"avoucheth of his knowledge, that some through
bashfulness abstained from venery, and thereupon became
very heavy and dull ; and some others that were very timo^
rous, melancholy, and beyond all measure sad." Oribasius,
med. collect I 6, c. 37, speaks of some, * " That if they do not
use carnal copulation, are continually troubled with heaviness
and headache ; and some in the same case by intermission of
it" Not use of it hurts many, Arculanus, c, 6, in 9. RkasiSy
et MagnintLSy part. 3, cap, 5, think, because it ' " sends up
poisonous vapours to the brain and heart." And so doth
Galen himself hold, " That if this natural seed be over-long
kept (in some parties), it turns to poison." Hieronymus Mer-
curialis, in his chapter of Melancholy, cites it for an especial
cause of this malady, ^ Priapismus, Satyriasis, &c., Haliabbas,
5 Theor, c, 36, reckons up this and many other diseases.
Villanovanus Breviar. Z. L, c, 18, saith, "He knew 'many
monks and widows grievously troubled with melancholy, and
that for this sole cause." ^Lodovicus Mercatus, L 2, de
mvUerum affect, cap. 4, and Rodericus k Castro, de morhis
mtdier. L 2, e. 3, treat largely of this subject, and will have
it produce a peculiar kind of melancholy in stale maids, nuns,

ilJb. 1. de Mania. > Breylar. 1. 7, tiistM et ita fitctoa ex intermissione Vene-

e. 18. > Non sine maffno incommodo ria. « Vapores veqenatos mittit sperma

iljOB. oui lanffuis a naiibos promanat, ad cor et oerebrum. Sperma plus diu re-

DoxU sanguinis racuatio impediri potest, tentnm, transit in Tenennm. 7 Oraref

t Nori quosdam prae pudore i coitu ab- producit corporis et animi segritudines.

stinentes, torpidos, pigrosque &ctofl; s Exspermatesupramodumretentomon*

nonnuUos etiajn melanohoUoos, prseter achos et viduas melancholicos ssepe fieri

modum moestos, timidosque. 6 Non- yidi. • Melancholia orta 4 rasis semi

nulll nisi coeant, assidu^ capitis gravitate nariis in ntero.
tnlbstantur. Dioit Be noyisse quosdam



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812 Retention and JBvacuation, Gavses, [Part L sec X

and widows, Oh suppressionern mensium et venerem omissam^
limidce, mcestce, anxi(B, verecund<B, suspidosce^ langtienteSj can-
silti tnopes, cum summa vitce et rerum meliorum desperattone,
Sfc, they are melancholy in the highest degree, and all for
want of husbands, ^lianas Montaltus, cap. 37, de meUmchol,
confirms as much out of Galen ; so doth Wierus, Christoferus
a Vega de art. med. lib. 3, c. 14, relates many such examples
of men and women, that he had seen so melancholy. Foelix
Plater, in the first book of his Observations, * " tells a story
of an ancient gentleman in Alsatia, that married a young
wife, and was not able to pay his debts in that kind for a long
time together, by reason of his several infirmities ; but she,
because of this inhibition of Venus, fell into a horrible fury,
and desired every one that came to see her, by words, looks,
and gestures, to have to do with her," &c. * Bernardus Pa-
temus, a physician, saith, " He knew a good honest, godly
priest, that because he would neither willingly marry, nor
make use of the stews, fell into grievous melancholy fits."
Hildesheim, spied. 2, hath such another example of an Ital-
ian melancholy priest, in a consultation had Anno 1580.
Jason Pratensis gives instance in a married man, that from
his wife's death abstaining, *" after marriage, became exceed-
ingly melancholy," Rodericus k Fonseca in a young man so
misaffected, Tom. 2, consult. 85. To these you may add, if
you please, that conceited tale of a Jew, so visited in like
sort, and so cured, out of Poggius Florentinus.

Intemperate Venus is all but as bad in the other extreme,
Galen, I. 6, de morbis popular, sect. 5, text. 26, reckon?? up
melancholy amongst those diseases which are * " exasperated
by venery ;" so doth Avicenna, 2, 3, c. 11. Oribasius, loc.
citat. Ficinus, lib. 2, de sanitate tuendd. MarsOius Cogna-

1 Nobilis senex Alsattus JiiTenem nz- sentirent, molossoi AngUcanos maflrno

orem duxit, at iUe colico dolore, et mul- expetiit clamore. > Vidi sacerdotein

tifl morbis correptns, non potuit pneatare optimmn et pium, qai quod noUet uti

offlcium mariti, vix inito matrimonio Venere, in melanchoUca sjrmptomata in-

eegrotus. Ilia in horrendum ftirorem cidit. s Ob abstinentiain 4 oonoubltq

incidit, ob Venerem cohibitam, ut omni- incidit in melanchoUam. * Qiub k

uni earn invlsentium congressmn, voce, coitu exaoerbantar.
»»iltn, gestu expeteretf et quum non con-



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Mem. 2, subs. 4.] detention and EvacuaUon, Causes, 313

tus, Montaltus, cap. 27. Guianerius, Tract 3, cap. 2. Mag-
ninus, cap. 5, part, 3, * gives the reason, because * " it infrigi
dates and dries up the body, consumes the spirits, and would
therefore have all such as are cold and dry to take heed of
and to avoid it as a mortal enemy." Jacchinus in 9 RJiasiSy
cap. 15, ascribes the same cause, and instancetb in a patient
of his, that married a young wife in a hot summer, • " and so
dried himself with chamber-work, that he became in short
space from melancholy, mad ; " he cured him by moistening
remedies. The like example I find in LaeHus k Fonte Eu-
gubinus, consult. 129, of a gentleman of Venice, that upon
the same occasion was first melancholy, afterwards mad.
Read in him the story at large.

Any other evacuation stopped will cause it, as well as these
above named, be it bile, * ulcer, issue, &c. Hercules de Sax-
onia, lib. 1, c. 16, and Gordonius, verify this out of their ex-
perience. They saw one wounded in the head, who as long
as the sore was open, Lucida hdbuit mentis intervaHa, was
well; but when it was stopped, Rediit melancholia, his mel»
ancholy fit seized on him again.

Artificial evacuations are much like in effect, as hot houses,
baths, bloodletting, purging, unseasonably and immoderately
used. * Baths dry too much, if used in excess, be they nat-
ural or artificial, and offend extreme hot or cold ; • one dries,
the other refrigerates overmuch. Montanus, consiL 137,
saith, they overheat the liver. Joh. Struthius, Stigmat. artis.
I. 4, c. 9, contends, ^ " that if one stays longer than ordinary
at the bath, go in too oft, or at unseasonable times, he putre-
fies the humours in his body." " To this purpose writes
Magninus, I. 3, c. 5. Guianerius, Tract. 15, c. 21, utterly
disallows all hot baths in melancholy adust. • " I saw (saith he)

1 Superfluum coitum oansam ponunt. reddunt corpus. t Si quia lonji^uj

SExsiccat corpus, apiritus conaumit, &c., moretur in iia, aut nimis frequenter, aui

taveant ab hoc sicci, velut inimico mor- importune utatur, humorea putre&ntt.

tali, s ita exsiccatua ut h melanoholico 8 £^ anno auperiore, quendam g^tto*

atatim fuerit inaanus, ab hnmectantibua sum ridi adaatum, qui ut Uberaretur de

enratua. * Ex cauterio et ulcere ex- gutta, ad balnea acceaait et de gutta lib-



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 29 of 48)