Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 34 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 34 of 48)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


beauty," Constantine Ayriddt. L 11, c. 7. Every villag««
will yield such examples.

um finem habet, invidia nnnquam qui- Guianerius, lib. 2, cap. 8, vim. H. Aore-

escit. 1 Urebat me semulatio propter lii fsemina Tidnam elegantios se vesUtam

itultos. » Hier. 12, 1. s Hab. 1. Tidens, lesensB ioBtar ia Tirum insoxgit,

* Invidit priTati nomen supra principis &c. 8 Quod insigiii equo et osfcro ve-
attolli. 6 Tacit. Hiflt. lib. 2, part 6. heretur, quanquam nullius cum injuria,

* Herituro dolore et invidia, si quern vid- omatum ilium tanquam isesa gravaban*
erint omatiorem se in publicum prodi- tur. * Quod pulchritudine omnes e«P
Ism. Platina dial, amorum. 7 Ant. celleret, puellae indiffnatie occiderun*



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mem. 8, subs. 8.] Mnulationy HaJknd^ S^c 855

SuBSECT. Vin. — Bmulation, Hatred, Faction^ Desire oj
Revenge, Causes.
Out of this root of envy i spring those feral branches of
faction, hatred, livor, emulation, which cause the like griev-
ances, and are, serrce aninue, the saws of the soul, * eanstemd'
Hants pleni qffecttis, affections full of desperate amazement ;
or as Cjpian describes emulation, it is '^ a moth of the soul,
a consumption to make another man's happiness his misery,
to torture, crucify, and execute himself, to eat his own heart
Meat and drink can do such men no good, they do always
grieve, sigh, and groan, day and night without intermissioiit
their breast is torn asunder;" and a little after, *** Whom-
soever he is whom thou dost emulate and envy, he may
ovmd thee, but thou canst neither avoid him nor thyself;
wheresoever thou art he is with thee, thine enemy is ever in
thy breast, thy destruction is within thee, thou art a captive,
bound hand and foot, as long as thou art malicious and envi-
ous, and canst not be comforted* It was the devil's over*
throw;" and whensoever thou art thoroughly affected with
this passion, it will be thine. Yet no perturbation so fire-
qnent, no passion so common.

* Kai K£(M(jLsi)g Kepofjiei Koriei koI reKToyi riKTcnft
Kai iTTQX^ ffTw;t^ <l>'^ov^ei xdl doiddc &ou5^.

A potter emulates a potter;

One smith envies another:
A beggar emulates a beggar:

A singing man his brother

1 LatftpatetinTidisBftecnndsepemlties, dies et noctes, pecttui sine intermlssione

et livor radix omnium malorum, fons laceratur. 8 Qaisquis est ille quern

cladium, inde odium surgit, emulatio. feninlaris, cui invides ts te subterfligere

Cyprian, ser. 2, de Urore. * Valerius, potest, at tu non te ubicunque ftigeils,

1. 8, cap. 9. s Qualis est animi tinea, adversarius tuns tecum est, hostis tuna

quae tabes pectoris selare in altero yel semper in pectore tuo est, pemicies intuf

aliorum leelicitatem suam flusere mideri- inclusa, ligatus es, viotns, selo domi-

am, et velut quosdam pectori suo admo- nante captivus : nee solatia tibi ulla sub-

▼ere camifices, oogitationibns et sensibus Teniunt : hhic diabolus hiter initia statim

Buis adhibere tortores, qui se intestinis mundi. et periit primus, et perdidit,

eruciatibus lacerent. Non cibus talibus Cyprian, ser. 2. de wlo et Utoto.

laitns. non potus potest esse jucundus; * Hnoiod. Op* et Dies.
•uspiratur semper et j^mitur, et doletur



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



356 Causes of Melancholy. [Part. I. eec. &

Every society, corporation, and private family is full of it, it
takes hold almost of all sorts of men, from the prince to
the ploughman, even amongst gossips it is to be seen, scarce
three in a company but there is siding, faction, emulation,
between two of them, some stmultcu, jar, private grudge,
heart-burning in the midst of them. Scarce two gentlemen
dwell together in the country (if they be not near kin or
linked in marriage), but there is emulation betwixt them
and their servants, some quarrel or some grudge betwixt
their wives or children, friends and followers, some conten-
tion about wealth, gentry, precedency, &c., by means of
which, like the frog in * JEsop, " that would swell till she was
as big as an ox, burst herself at last ; '* they will stretch be-
yond their fortunes, callings, and strive so long that they con-
sume their substance in lawsuits, or otherwise in hospitality,
feasting, fine clothes, to get a few bombast titles, for ambi'
tiosd paupertate laboramus omnes, to outbrave one another,
they will tire their bodies, macerate their souls, and through
contentions or mutual invitations beggar themselves. Scarce
two great scholars in an age, but with bitter invectives they
fall foul one on the other, and their adherents; Scotists,
Thomist«, Reals, Nominals, Plato and Aristotle, Galenists
and ParaceLsians, &c., it holds in all professions.

Honest ^ emulation in studies, in all callings is not to be
disliked, 'tis ingeniorum cos, as one calls it, the whetstone of
wit, the nurse of wit and valour, and those noble Romans out
of this spirit did brave exploits. There is a modest am-
bition, as Themistocles was roused up with the glory of Mil-
tiades ; Achilles's trophies moved Alexander,

* ** Ambire semper, stulta confidentia est,
Ambire nunquam, deses arrogantia est."

Tis a sluggish humour not to emulate or to sne at all, to
withdraw himself, neglect, refrain from such places, honours,

1 Rana cupida sequandi borem, se dis- Bpig. lib. 1. '* Ambition always li a
tendebat, &c. s .^hnnlatio alitinf^enia : foolish confidence, never a slothftil arr»
Piaterculus poster, vol. * Grotius, gance.'*



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mem. 8, subs. 8.] Ermdation, Hatred, Sfc. 357

offices, through sloth, niggardliness, fear, bashfulness, oi
otherwise, to which by his birth, place, fortunes, education,
he is called, apt, fit, and well able to undergo ; but when it is
immoderate, it is a plague and a miserable pain. What a
deal of money did Henry VIII. and Francis I. king of
France, spend at that ^famous interview ? and how many vain
courtiers, seeking each to outbrave other, spent themselves,
their livelihood and fortunes, and died beggars ? * Adrian the
emperor was so galled with it, that he killed all his equals ;
so did Nero. This passion made 'Dionysius the tyrant
banish Plato and Philoxenus the poet, because they did excel
and eclipse his glory, as he thought ; the Romans exile Co-
riolanus, confine Camillus, murder Scipio ; the Greeks by
ostracism to expel Aristides, Nicias, Alcibiades, imprison
. Theseus, make away Phocion, &c When Bichard I. and
Philip of France were fellow soldiers together, at the siege
of Aeon in the Holy Land, and Richard had approved him-
self to be the more valiant man, insomuch that all men's eyes
were upon him, it so galled Philip, Francum urehat Regis
victoria, saith mine * author, tarn cegre ferehat Richardi
ghriam, ut carpere dicta, calumniari facta ; that he cavilled
at all his proceedings, and fell at length to open defiance ;
he could contain no longer, but hasting home, invaded his
territories, and professed open war. " Hatred stirs up con-
tention," Prov. X. 12, and they break out at last into immor-
tal enmity, into virulency, and more than Vatinian hate and
rage; *they persecute each other, their friends, followers,
and all their posterity, with bitter taunts, hostile wars, scur-
rile invectives, libels, calumnies, fire, sword, and the like, and
will not be reconciled. Witness that Guelph and Ghibel-
iiue faction in Italy ; that of the Adurni and Fregosi in
Grenoa; that of Cneius Papirius, and Quintus Fabius in
Rome ; CaB5»ar and Pompey ; Orleans and Burgundy in

1 Anno 1519, between Ardes and Quine. rem. iBtema bella pace sublatft gemnt.

I Spartian. ' Plutarch. ^ Johannes Jurat odium, nee ante inyisum esM

HeralduR. I. 2, c. 12, de beHo sacr. desinit, quam esse desiit. Pateroalaa^

( Nulla dies tantum poterit lenire furo toI. 1.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



368 Causes of Mekawholy, [Piirt. i. sec. a

France , Yoik and Lancaster in England ; yea, this pas»OB
BO rageth * many times, that it subyerts not men only, and
families, but even populous cities, * Carthage and Corinth
can witness as much, nay flourishing kingdoms are brought
into a wilderness by it. This hatred, malice, faction, and
desire oi revenge, invented first all those racks and wheels,
strappadoes, brazen bulls, feral engines, prisons, inquisitions,
severe laws to macerate and torment one another. How
happy might we be, and end our time with blessed days and
Bweet content, if we could contain ourselves, and, as we ought
to do, put up injuries, learn humility, meekness, patience^
forget and forgive, as in * Grod's word we are enjoined, com*
pose such final controversies amongst ourselves, moderate
our passions in this kind, ^ and think better of others,*' as
^ Paul would have us, ^ than of ourselves : be of like affection
one towards another, and not avenge ourselves, but have
peace with all men." But being that we are so peevish and
perverse, insolent and proud, so factious and seditious, so
malicious and envious ; we do invicem angariare, maul and
vex one another, torture, disquiet, and precipitate ourselves
into that gulf of woes and cares, aggravate our misery and
melancholy, heap upon us hell and eternal damnation.

SuBSECT. IX. — AngeTy a Cause.

Angeb, a perturbation, which carries the spirits outwards,
preparing the body to melancholy, and madness itself; Ira
furor hrevis est, " anger is temporary madness ; ** and as * Pie-
colomineus accounts it, one of the three most violent passions.
* Areteus sets it down for an especial cause (so doth Seneca,
ep. 18, L 1) of this malady. 'Magninus gives the reason,
Exfrequenti ira supra modum calefunt ; it overheats their
bodies, and if it be too frequent, it breaks out into manifest

1 Ita gaerit hseo stygia minisfcrs nt ur- s Paul. 8 Col. s Rom. 12. « Qfad.

bes gnbvertat aliquando, deleat populos, 1. c. 54. & Ira et moeror et iagens ani-

f>rorincia8 alioquJ florentes redigat in sol- mi consternatio melancholicos &cit.

tudines, mortales yero miseros in pro- Areteus. Ira immodiea^ornit insaniam.

ftinda miseriarum yalle miserabiliter im- < Reg. Sanit. parte 2, c. 8, in apertun

mergat. * Carthago semula Roman! insaniam moz ducitur Iratus.
imperii funditug interiit. Salust. Oatil.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mem. 8, subs. 9.] Anger, a Cause, 359

madness, saith St. Ambrose. 'Tis a known saying, Furor jU
lcB$a scepius paiienHa, the most patient spirit that is, if he be
often provoked, will be incensed to madness ; it will make a
devil of a saint ; and therefore Basil (belike) in his Homily
ds Ird, calls it tenehras rcUionis, morbum ammai, et dcemonem
nesstmum; the darkening of our understanding, and a bad
angeh ^ Lucian, in AbcUcato, torn. 1, will have this passion
to work this effect, especially in old men and women; " Anger
and calumny (saith he) trouble them at first, and after awhile
break out into madness ; many things cause fury in women,
especially if they love or hate overmuch, or envy, be much
grieved or angry ; these things by little and little lead them
on to this malady." From a disposition they proceed to an
habit, for there is no difference between a mad man, and an
angry man, in the time of his fit ; anger, as Lactantius de-
scribes it. L. de Ira Dei, ad Donaium, c 5, is ^sceva animi
tempestas, S^c, a cruel tempest of the mind; "making his
eyes sparkle fire, and stare, teeth gnash in his head, his
tongue stutter, his face pale, or red, and what more filthy
imitation can be of a mad man ? "

• ** Ora tument irft, fervescunt sanguine venae,
Lumina Gorgonio saevitis angue micant.'*

They are void of reason, inexorable, blind, like beasts and
monsters for the time, say and do they know not what, curse,
swear, rail, fight, and what not ? How can a mad man do
more ? as he said in the comedy, ^ Iracundia nan sum apua
me, I am not mine own man. If these fits be immoderate,
continue long, or be frequent, without doubt they provoke
madness. Montanus, consiL 21, had a melancholy Jew to
his patient, he ascribes this for a principal cause : Irascehatur
levibus de causis, he was easily moved to anger. Ajax had

1 Gilberto (Tognato interprete. Maltif,et eant, &c., hseo paulatim in insaniua

pisssertiin senibus ira impotens insaniam tandem evadunt. > Sseva animi tern-

fecit, et importuna calumnia, hsBO Initio pestas tantos ezcitans fluctus ut statim

perturbat animum, paulatim rergit ad ardescant ocuH, oetremat, lingua titabet,

uuianiam. Porro mulierum corpora mul- dentes ooncrepant, &c. * 0?id

ta infestant, et in hunc morbum addu- * Terence.
3aiit, praocipui si qum oderint aut i avid-



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



<560 Causes of MekmehoUf, [Part. I. sec. a

no other beginning of his madness ; and Charles the Sixth,
that lunatic French king, fell into this misery, out of the ex-
tremity of his passion, desire of revenge and malice, * incensed
against the Duke of Britain, he could neither eat, drink, nor
sleep for some days together, and in the end, about the cal-
ends of July, 1392, he became mad upon his horseback, draw-
ing his sword, striking such as came near him promiscuously,
and so continued all the days of his life, JEmiL lib. 10, GaL
hist u^gesippus de excid, urbis Hteros* L 1, c. 37, hath such
a story of Herod, that out of an angry fit, became mad, ^ leap-
ing out of his bed, he killed Josippus, and played many such
bedlam pranks, the whole court could not rule him for a long
time ailer; sometimes he was sorry and repented, much
grieved for that he had done, Postquam deferbuit ira, by and
by outrageous again. In hot, choleric bodies, nothing so soon
causeth madness, as this passion of anger, besides many other
diseases, as Pelesius observes, cap. 21, /. ly de hum. affeeL
causis ; Sanguinem imminuit, fd auget ; and as ' Yalesius
controverts, Med. controv. lib. 5, contro. 8, many times kills
them quite out. If this were the worst of this passion, it
were more tolerable, * " but it ruins and subverts whole
towns, * cities, families, and kingdoms ; " NvHa pestis humano
generi pluris stetit, saith Seneca, de Ira^ lib. 1. No plague
hath done mankind so much harm. Look into our histories,
and you shall almost meet with no other subject, but what a
company •of hare-brains have done in their rage. We may
do well, therefore, to put this in bur procession amongst the
rest ; " From all blindness of heart, from pride, vainglory,
and hypocrisy, from envy, hatred and malice, anger, and all
such pestiferous perturbations, good Lord deliver us."

SuBSECT. X. — Discontents, Cares, Miseries, ^c, Causes.
Discontents, cares, crosses, miseries, or whatsoever it is,

& Infensus Britaanto Duet, et in nitio- rentem non ca{rfebat aula, fre. * An

oem Tereus, nee cibam oemt. nee quia- ira poesit hominem hiterimere. * Ab-

tem, ad Calendas Julias iSSil, comites ernethy. ^ As Troy, saerae memorem

occidit. > ludignatione nimi& f areas, Jnnonis ob iram. < Stultoram regain

iniinique Impotens, exiliit de lecto, fa- et populorom continet aestus.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



i



Mem. 8, subs. 10.] IHscantents, Care$y Sfc* 361

that shall cause any molestation of spirits, grief, angaish, and
perplexity, may well be reduced to this head (preposterously
placed here in some men's judgments they may seem), yet in
that Aristotle in his ^ Rhetoric defines these cares, as he doth
envy, emulation, &c., still by grief, I think I may well rank
them in this irascible row ; being that they are as the rest,
both causes and symptoms of this disease, producing the like
inconveniences, and are most part accompanied with anguish
and pain. The common etymology will evince it, Oura^ quasi
cor uro, Dementes curcBy insomnes curtB^ damnoscB cmr<B, tristeSf
morcUices, caimifices^ 4^., biting, eating, gnawing, cruel, bitter,
sick, sad, unquiet, pale, tetric, miserable, intolerable cares, as
the poets ^ call them, worldly cares, and are as many in num«
her as the sea sands. ' Galen, Femelius, Felix Plater,
Valescus de Taranta, &c., reckon afflictions, miseries, even
all these contentions, and vexations of the mind, as principal
causes, in that they take away sleep, hinder concoction, dry
up the body, and consume the substance of it. They are not
so many in number, but their causes be as divers, and not
one of a thousand free from them, or that can vindicate
himself, whom that Ate <2ea,

* ** Per hominnm capita molliter ambnlans,
Plantas pedum teneras habens: **

** Over men*8 heads walking aloft,
With tender feet treading so soft,*'

Homer's Groddess Ate hath not involved into this discon-
tented * rank, or plagued with some misery or other. Hy-
ginus,ya^. 220, to this purpose hath a pleasant tale. Dame
Cura by chance went over a brook, and taking up some of
the dirty slime, made an image of it ; Jupiter eftsoons com-
ing by, put life to it, but Cura and Jupiter could not agree
wliat name to give him, or who should own him ; the matter

lUb. 2. InTidia est dolor et ambltio nes rant maxime melancholic!, qnan-

9< dolor, &c. s Insomnes, Claudianus. do YigilUs multis, et solicitndinibus, et

Tri8tes,\/1rg. Hordaces, Luc. Bdaces, Hor. laboribns, et cnrls fUerlnt circumTentl.

llcBstse, AmarsB, Orid. Damnosae, Inqni- • Lncian. Podag. ^ Omnia imperftcta,

etse, Mart. Urentes, Rodentes, Mant. &c. confosa, et pertnrbatlone plena, Cardan.
* Galen, 1. 8, c 7, de locis afifoctis, horol-



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



J 62 Causes of MeUmchohf, [Part L sec.

was referred to Saturn as judge, he gave this arbitrement
his name shall be Hbmo ah humoj dura eum possideat quam-
diu vivat,' Care shall have him whilst he lives, Jupiter his
soul, and Tellus his body when he dies. But to leave tales.
A general cause, a continuate cause, an inseparable accident,
to all men, is discontent, care, misery ; were there no other
particular affliction (which who is free from?) to molest a
man in this life, the very cogitation of that conmion misery
were enough to macerate, and make him weary of his life ;
to think that he can never be secure, but still in danger,
sorrow, grief, and persecution. For to begin at the hour of
his birth, as * Pliny doth elegantly describe it, " he is bom
naked, and falls ^a whining at the very first, he is swad-
dled and bound up like a prisoner, cannot help himself, and
so he continues to his life's end." Gujusque fercB pahdumy
saith * Seneca, impatient of heat and cold, impatient of la-
bour, impatient of idleness, exposed to fortune's contumelies.
To a naked mariner Lucretius compares him, cast on shore
by shipwreck, cold and comfortless in an unknown land ;
t no estate, age, sex, can secure himself from this common
misery. " A man that is bom of a woman is of short con-,
tihuance, and full of trouble." Job xiv. 1, 22. " And while
his Hesh is upon him he shall be sorrowful, and while his
soul is in him it shall mourn." "All his days are sorrow
and his travels, griefs ; his heart also taketh not rest in the
night," Eccles. ii. 23, and ii. 11. "All that is in it i& sorrow
and vexation of spirit." • Ingress, progress, regress, egress,
much alike ; blindness seizeth on us in the beginning, labour
in the middle, grief in the end, error in all. What day
ariseth to us without some grief, care or anguish? Or
what so secure and pleasing a morning have we seen, that

1 Lib. 7, Nat. Hist. eap. 1. hominem rior, &c. * Ad Marinum. t Bo-

nudum, et ad vagitam edit natura. ethiufl. > Initium csooitas, progres-

Flens ab initio, derinctus jacet, &c. sum labor, exitum dolor, error omnia:

I AuKOva ;fcwv kyevouijv kcu (Jo/cpwrdf qnem tranqoillam qiueso, qaem non la-

im-&vriaKi^' rh yivog 6,v^p<jn(jv no- S^^^T *""* *"'^*'°* ^"^ egimus?
■I./' »ftx t /- ifctrarcii.

MfOOKptrroVf ao&eveg. otKrpov. Lach-
rymans uatud sum, et lachrymans mo-



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mem. 8, subs. 10.] IXscantents, Cares, S^c. 863

hath not been overcast before the evening ? One is miser-
able, another ridiculous, a third odious. One complains of
this grievance, another of that. Aliqtiando nervi, cdiquando
pedes vexant, (Seneca,) nunc disHUatiOy nunc hepatis morbus ,
nunc deest, nunc superest sanguis : now the head aches then
the feet, now the lungs, then the liver, &c. Bute sensus
exuberat, sed est pudori degener sanguis, S^c. He is rich, but
base bom ; he is noble, but poor ; a third hath mecms, but he
wants health peradventure, or wit to manage his estate;
children vex one, wife a second, &c. Nemo facile cum con -
ditione sua concordcU, no man is pleased with his fortune, %
pound of sorrow is familiarly mixed with a dram of content,
little or no joy, little comfort, but * everywhere danger, con-
tention, anxiety, in all places ; go where thou wilt, and thou
shalt find discontents, cares, woes, complaints, sickness, dis-
eases, incumbrances, exclamations ; ^ If thou look into the
market, there (saith * Chrysostom) is brawling and conten-
tion ; if to the court, there knavery and flattery, &c. ; if to a
private man's house, there's cark and care, heaviness," &c
As he said of old, ^^7 homine in terrd spirat miserum
magis alma f No creature so miserable as man, so gener-
ally molested, '"in miseries of body, in miseries of mind,
miseries of heart, in miseries asleep, in miseries awake, in
miseries wheresoever he turns," as Bernard found, Nunquid
tentatio est vita humana super terram ? A mere temptation
is our life (Austin, confess* lib. 10, cap. 28), catena perpetuo-
rum malorum, et quis potest molesticu et difficuUates pati f
Who can endure the miseries of it ? f " In prosperity we
are insolent and intolerable, dejected in adversity, in all for-
tunes foolish and miserable." * In adversity I wish for pros-
perity, and in prosperity I am afraid of adversity. What

» Ubiqne perionlnm, nbiqne dolor. nW- dum Tigilat, qnocunqne ae ▼ertlt. Lu-

que naufragiam, in hoc ambltu quooun- susqne rerum, temporumque nascimur.

que me Tertam. Lypsius. *Hom. tin blandiente fortuna iotolerandi, in

10. Si in forum ireris, iM rizas et pug- calamitatlbus Ingubres, semper stulti et

nsa; si in curiam, ibi fraus, adulatio ; si miseri. Cardan. * Proepera in ad-

in domum privatam, &c. • Homer. Terds desidero, et adrersa prosperis timeo.

s Mums lepletur homo miseriis, corporis quis inter hsec medlns locus, nbi non fit

miHerii/*, animi miseriis, dum dormit, hmnansB TltsB tentatio !



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



2^64 Causes of Meumekohf, [Part. L seo. 1.

mediocrity may be found ? Where is no temptation? What
condition of. life is free ? ^ Wisdom hath labour annexed to
it, glory envy ; riches and cares, children and incumbrances,
pleasure and diseases, rest and beggary, go together; as if a
man were therefore bom (as the Platonists hold) to be
punished in this life for some precedent sins. Or that, as

* Pliny complains, " Nature may be rather accounted a step-
mother, than a mother unto us, all things considered ; no
creature's life so brittle, so full of fear, so mad, so furious ;
only man is plagued with envy, discontent, griefs, covetous-
ness, ambition, superstition." Our whole life is an Irish sea,
wherein there is nought to be expected but tempestuous
4torms and troublesome waves, and those infinite,

8** Tantum malornm pelagus aspicio,
Ut non sit inde enatandi copia,'*

no halcyonian times, wherein a man can hold himself secuire,
or agree with his present, estate; but as Boethius infers,

* ** There is something in every one of us which before trial
we seek, and having tried abhor ; •we earnestly wish, and ea-
gerly covet, and are eftsoons weary of it," Thus between hope
and fear, suspicions, angers, * Inter vpemque mehtmqtie, timores
inter et irds^ betwixt faUing in, idling out, &c, we bangle
away our best days, befool out our times, we lead a conten-
tious, discontent, tumultuous, melancholy, miserable life ; in-
somuch, that if we could foretell what was to come, and it
put to our choice, we should rather refuse than accept of this
painful life. In a word, the world itself is a maze, a laby-
rinth of errors, a desert, a wilderness, a den of thieves,
cheaters, &c, full of filthy puddles, horrid rocks, precipitiums,



1 Cardan. Oonsol. Sapientise labor an- unl animantiain ambltio data, Inctiu,

nexus, glorifleinTidiajdiYitiis cane, 80b<di avaritia, nni gnpentltio. SBuripides.

Bolioitado, Tolnptati morbi qvdeti pan- ^* I perceire such ui ocean of tronbles be

perkas, ut quasi firueodorum sceleram Ibre me, that no means of ese^M re-

causa uasci hominem poasis cum Platonis- main.*' * De consol. 1. 2. Nemo tajaWh

tis a^noscere. > Lib. 7, cap. 1. Non satis cum conditione sua concordat, inest sin-



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 34 of 48)