Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 36 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 36 of 48)
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they may not cease, but as a dog in a wheel, a bird in a cage,
or a squirrel in a chain, so * Budaeus compares them ; • they
climb and climb still, with much labour, but never make an
end, never at the top. A knight would be a baronet, and
then a lord, and then a viscount, and then an earl, &a ; a
doctor, a dean, and then a bishop ; from tribune to praBtor ;
from bailiff to major; first this office, and then that; as
Pyrrhus in * Plutarch, they will first have Greece, then Af-
rica, and then Asia, and swell with ^sop's frog so long, till
in the end they burst, or come down with Sejanus, ad Gemo-
nias scalas, and break their own necks ; or as Evangelus the
piper in Lucian, that blew his pipe so long, till he fell down
dead. If he chance to miss, and have a canvass, he is in a
hell on the other side ; so dejected, that he is ready to hang
himself, turn heretic, Turk, or traitor in an instant Enraged
against his enemies, he rails, swears, fights, slanders, detracts,
envies, murders ; and for his own part, si appetitum explere
non potest, furore corripitur ; if he cannot satisfy his desire
(as * Bodine writes) he runs mad. So that both ways, hit or
miss, he is distracted so long as his ambition lasts, he can
look for no other but anxiety and care, discontent and grief
in the mean time, • madne^ss itself, or violent death in' the
end. The event of this is common to be seen in populous
cities, or in princes' courts, for a courtier's life (as Budaeus
describes it) "is a ' gallimaufry of ambition, lust, fraud, im-

1 Joritts hist. 1. 1, Tir dngnlari proden- bitio in insaniam ftcili delabitur, si ex-

tia, aed profunda ambiUone, ad ezitiom cedat. Patritius, 1. 4, tit. 20, de regin

It li» natns. « Ut hedera arbori ad- instit. • Lib. 6, de rep. cap. 1. t Im-

hawet, sic ambitio, &c. « Lib. 8, de primis vero appetitun, seu conoupisoen-

contempta remm fortuitarum. Magno tia nimia rei alicujus, honestsB vel in-

conataetimpetumoyentur, super eodem honestae, phantosiam Isedunt ; unde

Motro rotati , non proflciunt, nee ad flnem mnlti ambitiosi, philauti, irati, ayarl, In*

perreniunt. « Vita Pyrrhi. ft Am- sani, &o. Felix Plater, 1. 8, de meatis alien



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376 Causes of Melancholy, [Part. I. sec. %

posture, dissimulation, detraction, envy, pride; ^the court, a

common conventicle of flatterers, timeservers, politicians,"

&c ; or as * Anthony Perez will, " the suburbs of hell itself."

If you will see such discontented persons, there you shall

likely find them. ^ And which he observed of the markets

of old Rome,

" Qui perjurum oonvenire vult hominem, mitto in Comitium ;
Qui mendacem et gloriosom, apud Cluasins sacrum;
Dites, damnosoB madtos, sub basilicft quserito/* &o.

Perjured knaves, knights of the post, liars, crackers, bad
husbands, <&ic., keep their several stations ; they do still, and
always did in every commonwealth.

SuBSECT. XII.— r*Uaf)>vpia, Covetousness, a Catise.

Plutarch, in his *book whether the diseases of the body
be more grievous than those of the soul, is of opinion, " if
you will examine ail the causes of our miseries in tins life,
you shall find them most part to have had their beginning
from stubborn anger, that furious desire of contention, or
some unjust or immoderate afiection, as covetousness," &c.
" From whence are wars and contenticms amongst you ? '
* St James asks ; 1 will add usury, fraud, rapine, simony,
oppression, lying, swearing, be^ng false witness, <&c., are
they not from this fountain of covetousness, that greediness
in getting, tenacity in keeping, sordity in spending ; that they
are so wicked, ^ *' unjust against God, their neighbour, them-
selves ; " all comes hence. " The desire of moaej is the
i-oot of aU evil, and they that lust after it, pierce themselves
through with many sorrows," 1 Tim. vi. 10. Hippocrates
therefore in his Epistle to Crateva, an herbalist, gives him
this good counsel, that if it were possible, • *' amongst other

i Aalica vita colluyies ambitionis, cnpid- ta capiditate, originon traxisse aoies.

Itatis. simulationis, impostnne, fraudis, Idem fere Chi^sostomus o<mi. in o. 6. a4

iQVidue, superbise Titannicee, diyersori- Roman, ser. 11. * Cap. 4, 1. " Ut

um, aula, et commune conventiculum sit Iniquus in deum, in prozimum, to

asaentandi, artificum, &c. Budseus de seipsum. o Si vero, Crateva, inter csei-

asse. lib. 5. ^ In his Aphor. » Plau- eras herbarum radices, avaritlse radicem

tus Curcul. Act. 4, Seen. 1. * Tom. 2. seeare posses amaram, at nullie reliquiae

Si examines, omnes miserise causas vel a essent, prob^ scito, &c.
ftirioeo contendendi studio, vel ab ii^us-



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Mem 3, subs. 12.] GovetotimesSy a Cause. 377

herbs, he should cut up that weed of cove^ousness by the
roots, that there be no remainder left, and then know this for
a certainty, that together with their bodies, thou mayst
quickly cure all the diseases of their minds." For it is
indeed the pattern, image, epitome of all melancholy, the
fountain of many miseries, much discontented care and woe ;
this "inordinate or immoderate, desire of gain, to get or
keep money," as ^Bonaventure defines it; or, as Austin
describes it, a madness of the soul; Gregory, a torture;
Chrysostom, an insatiable drunkenness ; Cjrprian, blindness,
gpeciosum supplicium, a plague subverting kingdoms, families,
an * incurable disease ; Budseus, an ill habit, ^ " yielding to
no remedies;" neither, .^culapius nor Plutus can cure
them ; a continual plague, saith Solomon, and vexation of
spirit^ another hell. I know there be some of opinion, that
covetous men are happy, Mid worldly-wise, that there is more
pleasure in getting of wealth than in spending, and no delight
in the world like unto it 'Twas t Bias's problem of old
** With wha* art thou not weary ? with getting money. What
is more delectable ? to gain." What is it, trow you, that
makes a poor man labour all his lifetime, carry such great
burdens, fare so hardly, macerate himself, and endure so
much misery, undergo such base offices with so great pa-
tience, to rise up early, and lie down late, if there were not
an extraordinary delight in getting and keeping of money ?
What makes a merchant that hath no need, satis superque
domi, to range all over the world, through all those intem-
perate } zones oi heat and cold ; voluntarily to venture his
life, and be content with such miserable famine, nasty usage,
in a stinking shi^ ; if there were not a pleasure and hope to
^et money, which doth season the rest^ and mitigate his inde-
fatigable pains ? What makes them go into the bowels of

1 Cap. 6. Dietie salntis : ayaritia est tur quam iDsania : quoniam hac omnea

amor immoderatos pectinin yel aoqairen- fer^ medici laboiant. Hip. ep. Abderit.

d8B, yel retineadae. * Ferum profeoto % Eittremos currit mercator ad Indos.

tlimmque ulcus animi, remediis non ce- Hor. f Qua re non es lassus? lucrum

dens medeado ezasperatur. ^ Malus ihciendo : quid maximi deleotabile? In-

est morbus maleque afllcit ayaritia siqui- crari.
iem censeo, &c., ayaritia difflcilius curar



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378 Causes of Melancholy, [Part. I. s6o. 2.

the earth, an hundred fathom deep, endangering their dearest
lives, enduring damps and filthy smells, when they have
enough already, if they could be content, and no such cause
to labour, but an extraordinary delight they take in riches.
This may seem plausible at first show, a popular and strong
argument ; but let him that so thinks, consider better of it,
and he shall soon perceive, that it is far otherwise than he
supposeth ; it may be haply pleasing at the first, as most part
all melancholy is. For such men likely have some hicida
intervaUoj pleasant symptoms intermixed ; but you must note
that of * Chrysostom, *' Tis one thing to be rich, another to
be covetous ; " generally they are all fools, dizzards, mad-
men, ^ miserable wretches, living beside themselves, sine arte
Jruendi, in perpetual slavery, fear, suspicion, sorrow, and dis-
content, pltis aloes quam mellis habent ; and are indeed,
" rather possessed by their money, than possessors ; " as
■ Cyprian hath it, mancipati pecuniis ; bound prentice to
their goods, as t Pliny ; or as Chrysostom, serm cUvitiarum^
slaves and drudges to their substance ; and we may conclude
of them all, as • Valerius doth of Ptolomaeus king of Cy-
prus, ^ He was in title a king of that island, but in his mind,
a miserable drudge of money ; "

X ^ potiore metallis
Libertate carens — **

wanting his liberty, which is better than gold. Damasippus
the Stoic, in Horace, proves that all mortal men dote by fits,
some one way, some another, but that covetous men ^are
madder than the rest ; and he that shall truly look into their
estates, and examine their symptoms, shall find no better of
them, but that they are all • fools, as Nabal was. Re el
nomine (1 Reg. 25). For what greater folly can there be,

* Horn. 2, aliud arams aliud diyeit. rex tttolo, sed anlmo pecunite miaerabito

t Diritise nt spinse animum hominis mancipium. % Hor. 10, lib. 1. ^ Dan-

ttmoriboSf lolicitudinibos, angoiibos da est hellebori multo pan maxima af»>

miriflc^ pungunt, yexant, cruciant. ris. & Luke, xii. 20. Stulto, ha«

areg. Id bom. * Epist. ad Donat. cap. 2. noote eripiam animam tuam.
» Lib. 9. ep. 80. « Lib. 9, caj^ i, inaulse



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Mem. 8, Bub8. 12.J CovetousnesSf a Catise. 37^

or * maduess, than to macerate himself when he need not ?
and when, as Cyprian notes, * '* he may be freed from his
burden, and eased of his pains, will go on still, his wealth
increasing, when he hath enough, to get more, to live besides
himself," to starve his genius, keep back from his wife * and
children, neither letting them nor other friends use or enjoy
that which is theirs by right, and which they much need per-
haps ; like a hog, or dog in the manger, he doth only keep it,
because it shall do nobody else good, hurting himself and
others ; and for a little momentary pelf, danm his own soul I
They are commonly sad and tetric by nature, as Ahab's
spirit was, because he could not get Naboth's vineyard,
(3 Heg. 21,) and if he lay out his money at any time, though
it be to necessary uses, to his own children's good, he brawls
and scolds, his heart is heavy, much disquieted he is, and
loath to part from it : Miser abstinet et timet tUi, Hor. He is
of a wearish, dry, pale constitution, and cannot sleep for
cares and worldly business ; his riches, saith Solomon, will
not let him sleep, and unnecessary business which he heapeth
on himself; or if he do sleep, 'tis a very unquiet, interrupt*
unpleasing sleep ; with his bags in his arms,

'* congestis undique saccis
Indormit inhians,**

And though he be iat a banquet, or at some merry feast, " he
sighs for grief of heart (as • Cyprian hath it) and cannot
sleep though it be upon a down bed ; his wearish body takes
no rest, * troubled in his abundance, and sorrowful in plenty,
unhappy for the present, and more unhappy in the life to
come." Basil. He is a perpetual drudge, * restless in his
thoughts, and never satisfied, a slave, a wretch, a dust-worm,

* Opes quidem mortalibns sunt demen- > Epist. 2, lib. 2. Suspirat in conyivio,

titi. Theog. 1 Bd. 2, lib. 2. Exonerate bibat licet gemmis et toro molliore mar-

cuin Be possitet relevare ponderibas pe - cidum corpus condiderit, vigilat in plu-

git magis fortnnis augentibus pertinaci- ma. * Angnstatur ex abundantia,

tcr incubare. * Non amicis, non libe- contristatur ex opulentiu. infelix praesen-

ris, lion ipsi sibi quidquam impertit ; tibus bonis, infelidor in ihituris. ' II-

oofisidet ad hoc tantum, ne possidere al- lorum cogitatio nunquam oessat qui

teri liceat, &c. Hieron. ad Paulin. tarn pecunlas supplere diligunt. Gnianer

ieest quod habet quam quod non habet. tract. 16, o. 11.



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380 Causes of Mdancholy. [Part. I. sec. 2.

semper quod idoh suo immolet, sedtdus ohservat, Cypr. prolog,
ad sermon, still seeking what sacrifice he may offei to his
golden god, per fas et nefasy he cares not how, his trouble is
endless, ^crescunt dtmttcBy tamen curUe nescio quid semper
abest ret : his wealth increaseth, and the more he hath, the
more ' he wants ; like Pharaoh's lean kine, which devoured
the fat, and were not satisfied. • Austin therefore defines
covetousness, quarumlthet rerum inhonestam et insatiabiUm
cupiditatemy a dishonest and insatiable desire of gain ; and
in one of his epistles compares it to hell ; * "which derours
all, and yet never hath enough, a bottomless pit," an endless
misery ; in quern scopulum avaritice ccuiaverosi senes ut pihiri^
mum impingunty and that which is their greatest corrosive^
they are in continual suspicion, fear, and distrust He thinks
his own wife and children are so many thieves, and go about
to cozen him, his servants are all false :

** Bern suam periisse, seqiie eradicarier,
Et diviim atque hominum clamat continiib fidem,
De suo tigillo fomns si qu& exit foras.''

*' If his doors creak, then out h^ cries anon,
His goods are gone, and he is quite undone.**

Timidus Plutus, an old proverb, As fearful as Plutus ; so
doth Aristophanes and Lucian bring him in fearful still, pale,
anxious, suspicious, and trusting no man, *"They are afraid
of tempests for their com ; they are afhud of their friends
lest they should ask something of them, beg or borrow ; they
are afraid of their enemies lest they hurt them, lliieves lest
they rob them ; they are afraid of war and afraid of peace,
afraid of rich and afraid of poor ; afraid of alL" Last of
all, they are afraid of want, that they shall die beggars,
which makes them lay up still, and dare not use that they

1 Hor. 8, Od. 24. Quo pins sunt potsB, Adag. chil. 8, cent. 7, pro. 72. NuUi Aden-

SlussitiunturaqasB. * Hor. 1. 2, Sat. 6. tes omnium formidant opes, ideo pavi-
I 8i angolus ilie proximus accedat, qui dum malum vocat Euripides :



I si angnlus ilie proximus accedat, qui dum malum vocat Euripides: metuunt

nunc deformat agellum. > Lib. 8, de tempestates ob frnmentum, amicos n«

lib. arbit. Immoritur stndiis, et amore rogent, inimicoe ne Isedant, Aires ne rft-

senescit babendi. ^ A varus vir infer- plant, bellum timent, pccem tiuMot,

no est similis, &c., mbdum non habet, snmmos, mediois, inflmos-
hue egeutior quo plura habet. & Erasm.



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Mem. 8, subs. 12.] Govetovsness, a Cause, 381

iiave ; what if a dear year come, or dearth, or some loss ?
and were it not that they are loath to * lay out money on a
rope, they would be hanged forthwith, and sometimes die to
save charges, and make away themselves, if their com and
cattle miscarry ; though they have abundance left, as ^ Agel-
lius notes. * Valerius makes mention of one tliat in a fam-
ine sold a mouse for two hundred pence, and famished him*
self; such are their cares, * griefs, and perpetual fears. These
symptoms are elegantly expressed by Theophrastus in his
chai'acter of a covetous man; *^4ying in bed, he asked his
wife whether she shut tlie trunks and chests fast, the carcass
be sealed, and whether the hall door be bolted ; and though
she say all is well, he riseth out of his bed in his shirt, bare-
foot and barelegged, to see whether it be so, with a dark Ian*
tern searching every comer, scarce sleeping a wink aU night.''
Lucian, in that pleasant and witty dialogue called Gallus,
brings in Mycillus the cobbler disputing with his cock, some-
times Pythagoras ; where after much speech pro and con to
prove the happiness of a mean estate, and discontents of a
rich man, Py thagoras's cock in the end, to illustrate by exam-
ples that which he had said, brings him to Gnyphon the usu-
rer's house at midnight, and after that to Eucrates; whom
they found both awake, casting up their accounts, and telling
of their money, ^ lean, dry, pale and anxious, still suspectii^
lest somebody should make a hole through the wall, and so
get in ; or if a rat or mouse did but stir, starting upon a
sudden, and running to the door to see whether all were fast.
Plautus, in his Aulularia, makes old Euclio^ commanding
Staphyla his wife to shut the doors fast, and the fire to be

i HbII Char. * Agelliiu, lib. 8, cap. obiens et lustrans, et Tiz somno iDdol*

1, iDtexdum eo sceleriB perreniunt ob In- gens. > Curis eztenuatuSf yigUaiiB et

enun, at vitam propriam commatent. aecum supputans. 7 CaTe quernqnam

> Lib. 7, cap. 6 * Omnes perpetao alienam in sedes intromiseris. Ignem

morbo agitantur, suapicatur omnes timi> extingui yolo, ne causae quidquam sit

dug, sihique ob aurum insidiari putat, quod te quisquara quseritet. Si bona

nunquam quiescens, Piin Prooem. lib. fortuna reniat ne intromiseris: Occlude

14. i Cap. 18, in lecto Jacens interro- sis fores ambobus pessulis. Discrutior

gat uxorom an arcam probe elausit, an animi quia domo abeundum est mihi :

eapsula, &c. K lecto surgens nndus et Nimis hercule invitus abeo, neo quid

abfque calceis, aoeensa laoerna omnia ngam sclo.



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382 Cannes of Melancholy. [Part. I. sec. 8

put out, lest anybody should make that an errand to come to
his house ; when he washed his hands, * he was loath to fling
away the foul water, complaining that he was undone, be-
cause the smoke got out of his roof. And as he went from
home, seeing a crow scratch upon the muck-hill, returned in
all haste, taking it for malum omeriy an ill sign, his money
was digged up ; with many such. He that will but observe
their actions, shall find these and many such passages not
feigned for sport, but really performed, verified indeed by
such covetous and miserable wretches, and that it is,
* " manifesta phrenesis \
Ut locuples moriaris egentis vivere fiito.*'

A mere madness, to live like a wretch, and die rich.

SuBSECT. Xin. — Love of GamiTig, Sfc, and Pleasures im*
moderate; Causes.
It is a wonder to see, how many poor, distressed, miser-
able wretches, one shall meet almost in every path and street,
begging for an alms, that have been well descended, and
sometimes in flourishing estate, now ragged, tattered, and
ready to be starved, lingering out a painful life, in discontent
and grief of body and mind, and all through immoderate lust,
gaming, pleasure and riot 'Tis the common end of all sen-
sual epicures and brutish prodigals, that are stupefied and
carried away headlong with their several pleasures and lusts.
Cebes in his table, S. Ambrose in his second book of Abel
and Cain, and amongst the rest Lucian in his tract de Mercede
conducHs, hath excellent well deciphered such men's pro-
ceedings in his picture of Opulentia, whom he feigns to dwell
on the top of a high mount, much sought after by many
suitors ; at their first coming they are generally entertained
by pleasure and dalliance, and have all the content that pos-
sibly may be given, so long as their money lasts ; but when
their means fail, they are contemptibly thrust out at a back
door, headlong, and there left to shame, reproach, despair.

t Pkmtt tqvuaa profandere, ke.^ periit dam tarn os de tigillo exit font. • Jut. 8. 14



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Mem. 3, subs. 18.] Love of Gaming^ S^c, 383

And he at first that had so many attendants^ parasites, and
followers, young and lusty, richly arrayed, and all the dainty
fare that might be had, with all kind of welcome and good
respect, is now upon a sudden stript of all, * pale, naked, old,
diseased and forsaken, cursing his stars, and ready to stran-
gle himself; having no other company but repentance, sor-
row, grief, derision, beggary and contempt, which are his
daily attendants to his life's end. As the ^prodigal son
had exquisite music, merry company, dainty fare at first;
but a sorrowful reckoning in the end; so have all such
vain delights and their followers. ^Tristes voluptcUum «c-
itiiSy et qwisguis voluptcUum stmrum remimsci volet, intel-
liffet, as bitter as gall and wormwood is their last ; grief of
mind, madness itself. The ordinary rocks upon which such
men do impinge and precipitate themselves, are cards, dice,
hawks and hounds, Insanum venandi studium, one calls it,
insancB substrvctiones : their mad structures, disports, plays,
&c., when they are unseasonably used, imprudently han-
dled, and beyond their fortunes. Some men are consumed
by mad fantastical buildings, by making galleries, cloisters,
terraces, walks, orchards, gardens, pools, rillets, bowers, and
such like places of pleasure; Inutihs domos, ^Xenophon
calls them, which howsoever they be delightsome things in
themselves, and acceptable to all beholders, an ornament
and befitting some great men ; yet unprofitable to others,
and the sole overthrow of their estates. Forestus in his ob-
servations hath an example of such a one that became melan-
choly upon the like occasion, having consumed his substance
in an unprofitable building, which would afterward yield him
no advantage. Others, I say, are * overthrown by those mad
sports of hawking and hunting; honest recreations, and fit
for some great men, but not for every base inferior person ;
whilst they will maintain their falconers, dogs, and hunting-



1 Ventricoeas, naduii, pallidas, IsBra nom. Qtdd s} nunc ostendam eos qu£

ndorem occultans, dextra seipsum magna vi araenti domus inutiles aedifl*

rrangulans. o^ounit autem exeunt! cant, inquit Socrates. 6 Sarinburien-

oenitentia his misemm conficiens, &c. sis, Polycrat. 1. 1, c. 14, renatores omnos

Luke XT. 3 Boethius. < In Oeco- adhuo institutionem redolent centauro-



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d84 Oauies of Mekmchofy, f Part. I. mo* %

nags, their wealth, saith * Salmutze, " runs away with hounds,
and their fortunes fly away with hawks.** They persecute
beasts so long, till in the end they themselves degenerate into
beasts, as ^ Agrippa taxeth them, *Actason-like, for as he was
eaten to death by his own dogs, so do they devour them-
selves and their patrimonies, in such idle and unnecessary
disports, neglecting in the mean time their more necessary
business, and to follow their vocations. Over-mad, too, some-
times, are our great men in delighting, and doting too much
on it *"When they drive poor husbandmen from their
tillage,** as * Sarisburiensis objects, Polycrai. L 1, c. 4, " fling
down country farms, and whole towns, to make parks, and
forests, starving men to feed beasts, and ^ punishing in the
mean time such a man that shall molest their game, more
severely than him that is otherwise a common hacker, or a
notorious thief.'* But great men are some ways to be ex-
cused, the meaner sort have no evasion why they should not
be counted mad. Poggius the Florentine tells a merry
story to this purpose, condemning the folly and impertinent
business of such kind of persons. A physician of Milan,
saith he, that cured mad men, had a pit of water in his
house, in which he kept his patients, some up to their knees,
some to the girdle, somci to the chin, pro modo imaniiB, as
they were more or less affected. One of them by chance,
that was well recovered, stood in the door, and seeing a
gallant ride by with a hawk on his fist, well mounted, with
his spaniels after him, would needs know to* what use all this
preparation served; he made answer to kill certain fowls;
the patient demanded again, what his fowl might be worth

ntm. Raro inTenitar quisqnam eorom agrioolonis pnecluduntur sylrm et prata

modestos et gravis, raro continens, et ut pastoribus ut augeaotur pascaa feris.

credo sobrios uaquam. i Paacirol. Mi^statis reus agrlcola si gustarit.

Tit. 28, ayolant opes cum acdpitre. ^ A novalibus suis aroentur agricoI»,

t Insignis yenatorum stultitia, et super- dum ferae habeant yagandi libertatem :

vacanea cura eorum, qui dum nimium istis, ut pasoua augeantur, prsedia sub-

venationi insistunt, ipsi abjecta omni hu- trahuntur, &c. Sarisburiensis. * Fe-

luauitate ia feras degenerant ut Acteon, ris quam homiuibus sequiores. Cambd.

&c. 3 Sabin. in Ovid. Metamor. de Guil. Conq. qui 86 Scclesias matricM

< Agrippa de yanit. scient. Insanum ye- de populatus est ad forestam noymm.

uandi studium. dum i noyalibns arcen- Mat. Paris,
tur agricol» subtrahunt praedia rustids.



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Mem. 8, subs. 18.] Love of Gaming^ S^c, 385

which he killed in a year ; he replied five or ten crowns ;
and when he urged him farther what his dogs, horse, and
hawks stood him in, he told him four hundred crowns ; with
that the patient bade be gone, as he loved his life and
welfare, for if our master come and find thee here, he will



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 36 of 48)