Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 40 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 40 of 48)
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spoil parsons of their revenues (in keeping half back ' as a
great man amongst us observes) ; ^ and that maintenance on
which they should live ; " by means whereof, barbarism is
increased, and a great decay of Christian professors ; for who
will apply himself to these divine studies, his son, or friend,
when after great pains taken, they shall have nothing where
upon to live ? But with what event do they these things ?

* " Opesque totis viribus venamini.
At inde messis accidit miserrima."

They toil and moil, but what reap they? They are com
monly unfortunate families that use it, accursed in their prog-
eny, and, as common experience evinceth, accursed themselves
in all their proceedings. " With what face (as * he quotes
out of Aust.) can they expect a blessing or inheritance from
Christ in heaven, that defraud Christ of his inheritance here
on earth ?*' I would all our simoniacal patrons, and such as
detain tithes, would read those judicious tracts of Sir Henry
Spelman, and Sir James Sempill, knights ; those late elabo-
rate and learned treatises of Dr. Tilflye, and Mr. Montague,
which they have written of that subject. But though they

i1)eiimhabeiitiratum,8ibique mortem in his Reports, second part, fol. 44
aeternamacquirunt.aliismiserabilemrai- * Earipides. * Sir Henry Spelmao, dt
n\m Serrarins in Josuam, 7. Euripides, non temeraadis Boclesiis.
" Nicephorus, lib.lO, cap. 5. ^ Lord Cook,

VOL. I. 27



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418 Causes of MeUKichotff, [Part I. sect

should read, it would be to small purpose, clames licet et mare
ccbIo confundas ; thunder, lighten, preach hell and damnation,
tell them 'tis a sin, they will not believe it ; denounce ancl
terrify, they have ^ cauterized consciences, they do not attend,
as the enchitnted adder, they stop their ears. Call them base,
irreligious, profane, barbarous, pagans, atheists, epicures, (as
some of them surely are,) with the bawd in Plautus, Euge^
(^timly they cry and applaud themselves with that mis^,
* simul ac nummos contemplor in arc4 / say what you will,
quocunqtf^e modo rem ; as a dog barks at the moon, to no
purpose are your sayings ; Take your heaven, let th^n have
money. A base, profene, epicurean, hypocritical rout; for
my part, let them pretend what zeal they will, counterfeit re«
ligion, blear the world's eyes, bombast themselves, and stuff
out their greatness with church spoils, shine like so many pea»
cocksy so cold is my charity, so defective in this behalf, thai
I shall never think better of them, than that they are rotten
at core, their bones are full of epicurean hypocrisy, and athe
istical marrow, they are worse than heathens. For as Diony*
sius Halicamasseus observes, Antiq. Rom. UK 7, • Primum
locum, S^c. " Greeks and Barbarians observe all religious
rites, and dare not break them for fear of offending their
gods ; but our simoniacal contractors, our senseless Achans,
our stupefied patrons, fear neither God nor devil, they have
evasions for it, it is no sin, or not due jure divina, or if a ^n,
no great sin, &c And though they be daily punished for it,
and they do manifestly perceive, that as he said, frost and
fraud cx)me to foul ends ; yet as * Chrysostom follows it. Nulla
ex poena sit correctio, et quasi adversis malitia hominum pro*
vocetur, crescit quotidie quod puniaiur ; they are rather
worse than better, — iram atque animos a crimine sumunt^
and the more they are corrected, the more they offend ; but
let them take their course, ^ Mode, caper, vites, go on still as

1 1 Tim. 4. 2. s Hor. > Primnm Barbarf, &e. « Tom. 1, de steril. tA^

loeum apud omnes gentes habet patritius nm annorum sub BUft snrmone. 6 OnL

deormn cultns, et geniorom. nam huno Fast,
iiutissimi onstodinnt, tam Orieci quam



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Mem. 8, 8ubs. 15.] Study^ a Cause. 419

ihej begin, 'tis 'no sin, let them rejoice secure, Grod's ven-
geance will overtake them in the end, and these ill-gotten
goods, as an eagle's feathers, ^ will consume the rest of their
substance ; it is ' aurum Thohsanuniy and will produce no
better effects. ' ^ Let them lay it up safe, and make their
conveyances never so close, lock and shut door," saith Chrys-
ostom, '^ yet fraud and covetousness, two most violent thieves^
are still included, and a little gain evil gotten will subvert the
rest of their goods." The eagle in JSsop, seeing a piece of
flesh, now ready to be sacrificed, swept it away with her
claws, and carried it to her nest ; but there was a burning
coal stuck to it by chance, which unawares consumed her
young ones, nest, and all together. Let our dmoniacid
church-chopping patrons, and sacrilegious harpies, look for no
better success.

A second cause is ignorance, and irom thence contempt^
successit odium in Uteras ab ignorcmtid wdgi ; which ^Junius
well perceived; this hatred and contempt of learning pro-
ceeds out of * ignorance ; as they are themselves barbarous,
idiots, dull, illiterate, and proud, so they esteem of others.
SirU MeciBnateSy non deerunt, Flacci, Martmes : Let there be
bountiful patrons, and there will be painful scholars in all
sciences. But when they contemn learning, and think them-
selves sufficiently -qualified, if they can write and read, scram-
ble at a piece of evidence, or have so much Latin as that
emperor had, * qui nesoit dissimularej nescit vivercj they are
unfit to do their country service, to perform or undertake
any action or employment, which may tend to the good of a
commonwealth, except it be to fight, or to do country justice,
with common sense, which every yeoman can likewise do.
And so they bring up their children, rude as they are them-
selves, unqualified, untaught, uncivil most part * Quit ^

1 De male quaMitis fix gandet tertftu ritiam, &e. In 5, Corinth. « Aoad.

hseree. < Strabo, Ub. 4, Oeog. < Ni- cap. 7. ^ An neminem habet inimi-

hil fiMdlius opes eyertet, onam araritia et cum prseter ignorantem. * He thai

frande parta. Bt ri emin seram addas cannot dlttemble cannot Utv *Bp*tt

tali area, et ezteriore ^nua et vecte earn quest, lib 4 ep>st. 21, Uprios
sommunias, intui tamen fraudem et ata-



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420 Causes of Melancholy. [Part I. sec. 2

nostrd jfwentute legitime institmtur Uteris f Quis oratores
out phUosophos tangitf quis historiam legit^ iUam rerum
c^endarum quasi animam f prtecipitant parenUs vota tua, S^c.<t
'twas Lipsius's complaint to his illiterate countrymen, it may
be ours. Now shall these men judge of a scholar's worth,
that have no worth, that know not what belongs to a student's
labours, that cannot distinguish between a true scholar and a
drone ? or him that by reason of a voluble tongue, a strong
voice, a pleasing tone, and some trivially polyanthean helps,
steals and gleans a few notes from other men's harvests, and
so makes a fairer show than he that is truly learned indeed ;
that thinks it no more to preach, than to speak, ^ " or to run
away with an empty cart," as a grave man said ; and there-
upon vilify us, and our pains ; scorn us, and all learning.
• Because they are rich, and have other means to live, they
think it concerns them not to know, or to trouble themselves
with it ; a fitter task for younger brothers, or poor men's sons,
to be pen and inkhom men, pedantical slaves, and no whit
beseeming the calling of a gentleman, as Frenchmen and
Germans commonly do, neglect therefore all human learning,
what have they to do with it ? Let mariners learn astron-
omy ; merchants' factors study arithmetic ; surveyors get
them geometry; spectacle-makers optics; landleapers geog-
raphy ; town-clerks rhetoric, what should he do with a spade,
that hath no ground to dig ; or they with learning, that hath
no use of it? thus they reason, and are not ashamed to let
mariners, apprentices, and the basest servants, be better
qualified than themselves. In former times, kings, princes,
and emperors, were the only scholars, excellent in all
faculties.

Julius Caesar mended the year, and writ his own Commen-
taries,

* " media inter pnelia semper,
Stellamm ooelique plagis, superisque vacavit.*'

1 Dr. King, in his last lecture on Jonfth, barbaro tkstn Utents eontemmnil * La
sometime dght reyersDd lord bidiop of can. lib. 8.
f4MdoQ. s Quibus opes et otinm, hi



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Mem. 3, subs. 15.] Sttid^y a Catise, 421

^Antonius, Adrian, Nero, Seve. Jul. &c. Michael the
emperor, and Isadus, were so much given to their studies,
that no base fellow would take so much pains ; Orion, Per-
seus, Alphonsus, Ptolomeus, famous astronomers; Sabor,
Mithridates, Ljsimachus, admired physicians ; Plato's kings
all ; Evax, that Arabian prince, a most expert jeweller, and
an exquisite philosopher ; the kings of Egypt were priests of
old, chosen and from thence, — Idem rex hormnum, Phosbique
iacerdos ; but those heroical times are past ; the Muses are
now banished in this bastard age, ad sordida tuguriola^ to
meaner persons, and confined alone almost to universities.
In those days, scholars were highly beloved, 'honoured,
esteemed; as old Ennius by Scipio Africanus, Virgil by
Augustus ; Horace by Meca&nas ; princes' companions ; dear
to them, as Anacreon to Polycrates ; Philoxenus to Diony-
sius, and highly rewarded. Alexander sent Xenocrates the
Philosophei^ fifty talents, because he was poor, visu rerum^
aut eruditione prtBstantes viri, mensis olim regum adhibiti,
as Philostratus relates of Adrian and Lampridius of Alex-
ander Severus ; famous clerks came to these princes' courts,
velut in Lyaeum, as to a university, and were admitted to
their tables, qtum divum epulis accumhentes ; Archilaus,
that Macedonian king, would not willingly sup without Eurip-
ides (amongst the rest he drank to him at supper one night
and gave him a cup of gold for his pains), deleetatns poetcB
tuQvi sermone ; and it was fit it should be so ; because, as
♦ Plato in his Protagoras well saith, a good philosopher as
much excels other men, as a great king doth the commons of
his country; and again, ^qtwniam illis nihil deest, et mininih
egere solent, et disciplinas qiias prqfitentur, soli d eontemptu
vindicare possunty they needed not to beg so basely, as they
compel * scholars in our times to complain of poverty, of

1 Bpartbtn. SoUdtl de rebtu nimii. qnibiu omabant heroas. Brasm. ep. J<k

> NIcet. 1| Anal. Fmnis Incnbrattonam Fabio epis. Vien. * Probos Tir et ¥\A

Bordebant. * Orammaticis olhn et dia- losophus magia pnestat inter alios hoinl<

lecticefl jiixisqne profimoribas, qui sped- nes, qnain rex inclitus inter plebeios.

men eruditionis dediseent, eadem dlgni« * Heinsins, prac&t- Poematum. • 8cir>

tatit insignia decreTemnt Imperatores, vile nomen Scbolaris Jam.



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422 Catuet of MeUmcholy. [Part. I. sec. a.

crouch to a rich chuff" for a meal's meat, but could vindicate
themselves, and those arts which they professed. Now they
.would and cannot ; for it is held by some of them, as an
axiom, that to keep them poor, will make them study ; they
must be dieted, as horses to a race, not pampered, ^ Alendos
volunt, non saginandos, ne meltons mentis Jktmmtda eactiti"
guatur ; a fat bird will not sing, a fat dog cannot hunt, and
so by this deprension of theirs, 'some want means, others
will, all want 'encouragement, as being forsaken almost; and
generally contemned. 'Tis an old saying, Sint MectenateSj
non deerunt, Flacct, Mar&nes, and 'tis a true saying stilL
Tet oftentimes, I may not deny it, the main fault is in our-
selves. Our academics too "frequently offend in neglecting
patrons, as * Erasmus well taxeth, or making ill choice of
them; negligimus oUatos aui ampketimur parum aptos^ or
if we get a good one, non studemus mutUM ojfficits favorem
efus alere, we do not ply and follow him as we should.
Idem miki accidU Adolescenti (saith £rasmus) acknowledg-
ing his fault, et gramsstms peccavi, and so may fl say my-
self, I have offended in this, and so peradventiire have many
others. We did not spondere magnatum favorihus, gut ccepe-
runt nos amplecti, app^y ourselves with that readiness we
should ; idleness, love of liberty, immodicus amor libertatis
effecU ut diu cum perjidis amicis, as he confesseth, et perti-
naci paupertcUe coUuctarer^ bashfulness, melancholy, timo-
rousness, cause many of us to be too backward and remiss.
So some offend in one extreme, but too many on the other, we
are most part too forward, too solidUms, too ambitious, too
impudent; we commonly complain deesse Macenaies, of want
of ^ticouragement, want of means, when as the true defect is
in our own want of worth, our insufficiency ; did Maecenas
take notice of Horace or Virgil till they had shown them-
selves first ? or had Bavius and Mevius any patrons ? JSgre-

1 Seneca. * Haud flusild emergniit, 4,' Gent. 1, adag. 1. t Sad I done af

&e. s Media quod noctis ab hora ee- others did, put myself forward, I mighf

iifti qu& nemo fiiber, qvA nemo sedebat, hate haply been as great a man as many

qui d-)cet obUquo lanam dedueere Ibrro : of my equals,
rara taaien merces. Jut. Sat. 7. *Ghii.



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Mem. 3, subs. 16.] Study^ a Cause. 42S

gium specimen denty saith Erasmus, let them approve them-
selves worthy first, suflSdently qualified for learning and
manners, before they presume or impudently intrude and
put themselves on great men as too many do, with such bas6
flattery, parasitical colloguing, such hyperbolical elogies they
do usually insinuate, that it is a shame to hear and see.
LnmodiccB laudes conciliant invidiam^ potins quam latidemj
and vain commendations derogate &om trutli, and we think
in conclusion, non meUus de hudcUOy pefus de laudante, ill of
both, the commenderand commended. So we oflfend, but
the main &ult is in their harshness, defect of patrons. How
beloved of old, and how mudi respected was Plato to Diony-
sius ? How dear to Alexand^ was Aristotle, Demeratus to
Philip, Sobn to Croesus, Anexarcus and Trebatius to Augu8«
tus, Cassius to Yespatian, Plutarch to Trajan, Seneca to
Nero, Sunonides to Hiero? how honoured?

i^ Sed h89c prids faere, nimc recondita
Senent quiete,"

those days are gone ; M spes, et ratio studiorum in C<Bsam
tanium / ♦ as he said of old, we may truly say now, he is our
amulet, our * sun, our sole comfort and refuge, our Ptolemy,
our common Maecenas, Jacohus munificusy Jacobus pactficusy
mtfsta Musarum, Bex PUOonicus : Grande decus, cobimenque
nostrum; a famous scholar himself, and the sole patron,
pillar, and sustainer of learning ; but his worth in this kind
is so well known, that as Paterculus of Cato, Jam ipsum
laudoire nefas sit; and which fl^lii^y ^ Trajan, Seria te
carmina, honorque atemus annaJdumi non Iubc brevis et pu^
denda prcedicatio colet. But he is now gone, the sun of ours
set, and yet no night follows, Sol occuhuit, nox nulla sequuta
est. We have such another in his room, X aureus alter,
Awdsus, simili frondesdt virgm metaUoy and long may he
reign and fiourish amongst us.

1 Oatolliis, JutVB. * All our hopes Phobiu hie noeter, rolo intuitu Inbeni*
and indiioeaMntf to study ars centred in orem reddat. t Paaegyr. | VirgU.
Isesur alone. * Nemo est qnem non



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424 Causes of Melancholy. [Part I. seo. 2.

Let ine not be malicious, and lie against my genius, I may
not deny, but that we have a sprinkling of our gentry, here
and there one, excellently well learned, like those Fuggeri
in Grermany; Dubartus, Du Plessis, Sadael, in France;
Picus Mirandula, Schottus, Barotius, in Italy ; Apparent rati
nantes in gurgite vasto. But they are but few in respect of
the multitude, the major part (and some again excepted, that
are indifferent) are wholly bent for hawks and hounds, and
carried away many times with intemperate lust, gaming and
drinking. If they read a book at any time (si quod est in-
terim otiidvenatUypoculis, aledy scortis) 'tis an English Chron-
icle, Sir Huon of Bordeaux, Amadis de Gaul, <&c., a play
book, or some pamphlet of news, and that at such seasons
only, when they cannot stir abroad, to drive away time,
* their sole discourse is dogs, hawks, horses, and what news ?
Jf some one have been a traveller in Italy, or as ^ as the
emperor's court, wintered in Orleans, and can court his mis-
tress in broken French, wear his clothes neatly in the new-
est fashion, sing some choice outlandish tunes, discourse of
lords, ladies, towns, palaces, and cities, he is complete and to
be admired ; ^ otherwise he and they are much at one ; no
difference between the master and the man, but worshipful
titles ; wink and choose betwixt him that sits down (clothes
excepted) and him that holds the trencher behind him ; yet
these men must be our patrons, our governors too some-
times, statesmen, magistrates, noble, great, and wise by in-
heritance.

Mistake me not (I say again) Vos^ 6 Patritius sanguis^
you that are worthy senators, gentlemen, I honour your
names and persons, and with all submissiveness, prostrate
myself to your censure and service. There are amongst you,
I do ingenuously confess, many well-deserving patrons, and
true patriots, of my knowledge, besides many hundreds which
I never saw, no doubt, or heard of, pillars of our common-

1 Rams enim ferme sensus ocmuniinte nns genere, et praeelaio lumiiiie tantam.
In lUa Fortuna. Jur, Sat. 8. * Quia Inrignis. Jut. Sa^. 8.

•nim ceneraiiun dizerit huno que Indigo



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Mem. 3, subs. 15.] ^tudy^ a Cause. 425

wealth, ^ whose worth, bounty, learning, forwardness, true
zeal in religion, and good esteem of all scholars, ought to be
consecrated to all posterity ; but of your rank, there are a de-
bauched, corrupt, covetous, illiterate crew again, no better
than stocks, merum pecm (testor Deum, non mihi videri dig-
nos ingenui hominis appellatione), barbarous Thracians, ei
quis iUe thrax qui hoc negetf a sordid, profane, pernicious
company, irreligious, impudent, and stupid, I know not what
epithets to give them, enemies to learning, confounders of the
church, and the ruin of a commonwealth ; patrons they are
by right of inheritance, and put in trust freely to dispose of
such livings to the church's good ; but (hard task-masters they
prove) they take away their straw, and compel them to make
their number of brick ; they commonly respect their own
ends, commodity is the steer of all their actions, and him they
present in conclusion, as a man of greatest gifts, that will
give most; no penny, *no pater-noster, as the saying is.
Msi preces auro ftdcias, amplitis irrttas : vt Gerhertis offa^
their attendants and officers must be bribed, feed, and made,
as Cerberus is with a sop by him that goes to hell. It was
an old saying, Omnia Romce venalia (all things are venal at
Rome), 'tis a rag of Popery, which will never be rooted out,
there is no hope, no good to be done without money. A
clerk may offer himself, approve his • worth, learning, hon-
esty, religion, zeal, they will commend him for it ; but *pr6bi'
tag laudatur et alget. If he be a man of extraordinary parts,
they will flock afar off to hear him, as they did in Apuleius,
to see Psyche : mtdti mortales confluebaM ad videndum stsctdi
decus, speculum ffloriosvm, laudatur ah omnibus, spectatur ah
omnibus, nee quisquam non rex, non regius, cupidus ejtis nup^
tiarum petitor accedit ; mirarUur quidem divinam formam
omnes, sed ut simulacrum fahre politum mirantur ; many
mortal men came to see fair Psyche the glory of her age,

1 1 have often met >rith myself, and Musis venias eomitatus, Horn ere, Nil ta*

fonferred with divers wortliy gentlemen men attuleris, ibis, Homere, foras. » Bt

In the country, no whit inferior, if not to l^;at historicos auctores, noverit omnei

be preferred, for divers kinds of learning, Tanquam ungues digitoeque suos. Jar

lo many of our academies. s ipge Ucet Sat. i. * JuTtual.



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42 B Catues of Melancholy. [Part I. sec. t.

they did admire her, oommend, desire her for her divine
beauty, and gaze upon her ; but as on a picture ; none would
marry her, quad tndotat(x, fair Psyche had no money. ^ So
they do by learning ;

2 " didicit jam dives avams
Tantam admirari, tantam laadare disertos,
Ut pueri Jononis avem **

" Your rich men have now leamM of latter day»
T' admire, commend, and come together ~
To hear and see a worthy scholar speak.
As children do a peacock's feather."

He shall have all the good words that may be given, 'a
proper man, and 'tis pity he hath no preferment, all good
wishes, but inexorable, indurate as he is, he will not prefer
him, though it be in his power, because he is tndotatiM, he
hath no money. Or if he do give him entertainment, let
him be never so well qualified, plead affinity, consanguinity,
sufficiency, he shall serve seven years, as Jacob did for Ra-
chel, before he shall have it *If he will enter at first, he
must yet in at that Simoniacal gate, come off soundly, and
put in good security to perform all covenants, else he will not
deal with, or admit him. But if some poor scholar, some
parson chaff, will offer himself; some trencher chaplain, that
will take it to the halves, thirds, or accept oi what he wiH
give, he is welcome; be conformable, preach as he will. have
him, he likes him before a million of others ; for the best is
always best cheap ; and then as Hierom said to Cromatiii%
pateUd dignum operculum^ sach a patron, such a clerk ; the
cure is well supplied, and all parties pleased. So that is still
verified in our age, which • Chrysostom complained of in his
time, Qui opulentiores sunt, in ordinem parasitorum cogunt
eos, et ipsos tanquam canes ad menscu suas entUriunt, eorum^

1 Ta vero licet Orpheus sis, saxa soqo biqne congiariom est. * Qiutuor ad

teHtndinis emolliens, nisi plumbea eorum portas Bcclesiss itns ad omnes ; sanffid-

corda, auri vel argenti malleo emollias, nis aut Simonis, prasuUs atque lk\

&c. Salisbxtriensis, Policrat. Ub. 6, o. 10. Holcot. s lib. contra GentUes de Bab

• .Tuven. Sat. 7. « Euge bene, no need, ila martyre.
Dousaepod. Ub. 2,-dos ipsa scientia si-



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Mem. 8, subs. 16.] Study ^ a CaMse. ^21

que impudentes Vent'es iniquarum ccenarum rdiquiU differ^
tiwfUy usdem pro arUtrio abuientes: Rich men keep these
lecturers, and fawning parasites, like so many dogs at their
taUes, and filling their hungry guts widi the ofTak of their
meat, they abuse them at their pleasure, and make them say
what they propose. *" As children do by a bird or a but-
terfly in a string, pull in and let him out as they list, do they
by their trencher chaplains, prescribe, command their wits,
let in and out as to them it seems best" If the patron be
precise, so must his chaplain be ; if he be papistical, his clerk
must be so too, or else be turned out These are diose clerks
which serve the turn, whom they commonly entertain, and
presait to church livings, whilst in the mean time we that are
University men, like so many hide-bound calves in a pasture,
tarry out our time, wither away as a flower ungathered in a
garden, and are never used ; or as so many candles, illumin-
ate ourselves alone, obscuring one another's light, and are
not discerned here at aU, the least of which, translated to a
dark room, or to some country benefice, where it might shine
apart, would give a fair li^t, and be seen over alL Whilst
we lie waiting here as those sick men did at the Pod of * Be*
thesda, till the Angel stirred the water, expecting a good
hour, they step between, and beguile us of our preferment
I have not yet said, if afler long expectation, much expense,
travel, earnest suit of ourselves and friends, we obtain a smaU
benefice at last ; our misery begins afresh, we are suddenly
encountered with the flesh, world, and devil, with a ne^
onset ; we change a quiet life for an ocean of troubles, we
come to a ruinous house, which before it be habitable, must
be necessarily to our great damage repaired ; we are com-
pelled to sue lor dilapidations, or else sued ourselves, and
fcaroe yet settled, we are called upon for our predecessor's
an*earages ; first-fruits, tenths, subsidies, are instantly to be

I Pnesoribant, imperant, in ordinem tant, ant attrahunt, no8 k libidine gaa

Togunt, ingeniam nostrum prout ipcds pendere SBquum cenaentei. Hdnain*

fidebftar, astringunt et relaxant ut pa- * Job. 6
pUionem pueri aut brucbum fllo demit*



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428 Causes of Melancholy. [Part. I. sec. a.

paid, benevolence, procurations, &c, and, which is most to be
feared, we light upon a cracked title, as it befell Clenard, of



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 40 of 48)