Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 44 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 44 of 48)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Every man seeks his ^acquaintance, his kindred, to match
with him, though he be an oaf, a ninny, a monster, a goose-
cap, uxorem ducat Danaen;\ when and whom he will, kunc
optant generum Rex et Regina ^he is an excellent * match

i Epist. alt. ad Atticnm. * Our cubicnlis leponi solita. Julius Oapitoli»>

young master, a fine towardly gentleman, nus, vita Antonini. ^Petronius.

God bless him, and hopeftil ; why ? he is * Theologi opulentis adluerent. Jnrispe-

heir apparent to the rirht worshipful, to riti peouniosis, literati nummosis, liberal-

the right honourable, &c. 3 num- ibus artifices. 7 Multi ilium Juyenes,

mi, nummi : yobis huno prsestat bono- multse petlere puellss. t " He may

rem. * Exinde sapere eum omnes dici- have DanacS to wife." ^ Bammodo sit

mus, ao qulsque fortunam habet. Plant., dives, barbams illo placet
Paeud. 6 Aurea fortuna, principum



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



458 Gatises of Melancholy, [Part. I. sue. 2.

for my son, ray daughter, my niece, &c. Quicquid calcaverti
hicy Rosa Jiet, let him go whither he will, tiiimpets sound,
bells ring, &c, all happiness attends him, every man is will-
ing to entertain him, he sups in ^Apollo wheresoever he
comes ; what preparation is made for his ^ entertainment I fish
and fowl, spices and perfumes, all that sea and land affords.
What cookery, masking^mirth to exhilarate his person !

• ^ Da Trebio, pone ad Trebium, vis firater ab illis
Ilibua?

What dish will your good worship eat of ?

* ** dalcia poma,
£t qaoscnnque feret cultos tibi fUndus honores.
Ante Larem, gastet venerabilior Lare dives.**

•* Sweet apples, and whate'er thy fields afford.
Before thy Gods be served, let serve thy Lord.*'

What sport will your honour have ? hawking, hunting, fish-
ing, fowling, bulls, bears, cards, dice, cocks, players, tumblers,
fiddlers, jesters, &c, they are at your good worship's com-
mand. Fair houses, gardens, orchards, terraces, galleries,
cabinets, pleasant walks, delightsome places, they are at
hand : ^ in aureta lac, vtnum in argenteis, adolescenhdcB ad
nutum specioscB, wine, wenches, &c., a Turkish paradise, a
heaven upon earth. Though he be a silly soft fellow, and
scarce have common sense, yet if he be bom to fortunes (as I
have said), ^jure hcereditario sapere jvhetur, he must have
honour and office in his course : ^Nemo nisi dives hovKxre dig-
nus (Ambros. offic. 21,) none so worthy as himself; he shall
have it, atgns esto quicquid Servius aut Labeo. Get money
enough and command f kingdoms, provinces, armies, hearts,
hands, and affections ; thou shalt have popes, patriarchs to be
thy chaplains and parasites; thou shalt have (Tamerlane-
like) kings to di-aw thy coach, queens to be thy laundresses,



1 Pint, in Lncnllo, a rich chamber so elad stmt animis, lofty spirits, brave men
called. « Panis pane melior. « Jnr. at arms; all rich men are generous, con-
Sat. 6. * Hor. Sat. 5, lib. 2. < Bo- ra eous. &c. t Numm as ait pro ro#
bemus de Tnrcls et Bredenbach. & Eu- nubat Comubia Romas,
phormio. * Qui peouniam habent.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



Mem. 4, sabs. 6.] Poverty and Want, Oatises. 459

emperors thy footstools, build more towns and cities than
great Alexander, Babel towers, pyramids, and mausolean
tombs, &c, command heaven and earth, and tell the world it
is thy vassal, auro emitur diadema, argerUo caelum pandituvy
devKwriiLS philosophum conducit, nummusjus cpyit, oholus lite"
ratum pascit, metaUum samtatem conciliate ces amicos conffhUt"
nat, * And therefore not without good cause, John de
Medicis, that rich Florentine, when he lay upon his death-
bed, calling his sons, Cosmo and Laurence, before him,
amongst other sober sajings, repeated this, animo quieto dt-
gredior, qtwd vos sanos et divites post me rdinqtuzm, "It doth
me good to think yet, though I be dying, that I shall leave
you, my children, sound and rich : " for wealth sways all. It
is not with us, as amongst those Lacedemonian senators of
Lycurgus in Plutarch, " He preferred that deserved best, was
most virtuous and worthy of the place, *not swiftness, or
strength, or wealth, or friends carried it in those days ; " but
inter optimos optimtis, inter temperantes temperantissimtis, the
most temperate and best We have no aristocracies but in
contemplation, all oligarchies, wherein a few rich men domi-
neer, do what they list, and are privileged by their greatness.
*They may freely trespass, and do as they please, no man
dare accuse them, no not so -much as mutter against them,
there is no notice taken of it, they may securely do it, live
after their own laws, and for their money get pardons, indul-
gences, redeem their souls from purgatory and hell itself, —
clausum possidet area Jovetn. Let them be epicures, or
atheists, libertines, machiavelians (as they often are), * " ^
quamvis perjurus erit, sine gente, cruentus^ they may go to
heaven through the eye of a needle, if they will themselves,
they may be canonized for saints, they shall be * honourably



•'*/ Jiadem is parchMed with gold; certamen, non inter celeres eelerrimo,

rilTer opens the way to heayen ; philoeo- non inter robustos robiutissimo, &c.

phy may be hired for a penny; money « Quicquid libet licet. * Hor. Sat. 6,

controls justice ; one obolus satisfies a lib. 2. * Cum moritnr diyes concur-

man of letters; precious metal procures runt undique ciyes: Pauperis ad fUnua

hen] th ; wealth attaches Mends.'' i Non yix est ex miUibus vnua
fuit apud mortales ullum ezoellentias



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



460 0aU9e$ of Mdanckoi^. {PB^tLttcft

interred in roausolean^tombsy commended by poets^ registered
in histories, hare temples and statues erected to their names,
•^ manibus %Ui$-''rnasoevU'ua' vioUe, — If he be bountifol is
his lifey and liberal at his death, he shall have one to swear,
89 he did by Claodins. the Emperor in Tacitas, be saw Ini
sool go to heaven^ and bevmis^mblj laniented at his funeraL
Amhubmarum coUej^a, Sfa. IHmaUioms topania in Petronius
reetd in ccdumtabHt, weaa^ right to hearen;. a base quean,
^^ thou wouldst h£vre scorned once in thy misery to have a
penny irom her;**, and whji?, mocUo nummos metik, she
measured her money by ^ebasheL These prerogatives do
not usually beioog.to rich men, but to sndi as are most part
teeming rich, let ium have but a good ^outside, be carries it,
and •shall be adored to a god, as '.Cyrus was amongst the
Persians, oh tplendidhim a^pparaium, for his gay attires; now
most men are esteemed according to ^eir clothes. In our
gullish times, whom you perad venture in modesty would givB
]^ac6 to, as bemg deceived by his habit, and presamir^ 1^
some great worshipful man, believe it, if you shall examine
his estate, he will likdy be proved a serving-man of no great
note, my lad/s tailor, his lordship's barber, or some sudi
gull, a Fastidius Brisk, l^r Petronel Flash, a mere outside.
Only iMs respect is given himy that wheresoever he comes,
he may call for what he will, and take place by reason of ^s
outward habit

But on the contrary, if he be.po(», Prov. xv. 15, '^ all his
days are miserable," he is under hatches, dejected, rejected
and forsaken, poor* in purse, poor in spirit ; *|>roM^ rc» wM$
fiaitf ita et animas $e hahet ; * money gives life and souL
Though he be honest, wise, learned, well-deserving, noble by
birth, and of excellent good parts; yet in that he is poor,
unlikely to rise, come to honour, office or good means, he is
contemned, neglected, ,^*u«^a sapit, inter litenu esurit amicus^

1 Bt modo quid fait Ignosoat mihi be a gentleman. > Est sangnis atone

genins tuns, noluissee de mann ^s spiritos peonnia mortalibns. * Buripi*

nnmmos accipere. > He that wean sUk, dee. ft Xenophon. Oyropsed. 1. 8.
latin, relyet, and gold laoe, most i



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mem. 4, siibs. 6.] Poperty and Want, Causes, 461

molestus, * " If he speak^ what babbler is this ? ** Ecclud.
his nobility without wealth, is ^prcjecta vilior alg «, and he
not iesteemed : nos vUes pvUinati infelieibus ovisj if once pocnr
we are metamorphosed in an instant, base slaves, villains, and
yila: drudges ; 'for to be poor, is to be a knave^ a fooU a
wretch, a wicked, an /odious fellow, a common eyesore, eay
poor and say all ; they are bom to labour, to misery^ to carry
burdens like juments, pistum stercus oomedere with Ulysses's
ocmipanioi^ and as Okremilus objected in Aristophanes^
^adUnk lingere, lick salt, to ^npty jakes, fey channels, * carry
oat^ dirt and dunghills^ sweep chimneys, rub horse-heels, &c
I gay nothing of Turks, galley-slaves, which are bought • and
sold like juments,^ or those African negroes, or poor ^ Indian
drudges, qui indies hinc vnde deferendis onerihus occumlnmti
nam quod apud tws boveset asini vekunt, trahunt, S^c. * Id
omne miseUis Indis, they are ugly to behold, and though erst
spruce^ BOW rusty and squalid, because poor^^ vmmundcu Jbr>»
tunas €Bquym est squahrem sequi, it is oi^dinarily so. ^^ Others
eat to live^ but they live to drudge," ^^servilis et miseragena
mhii recusare. audet^^ a. servile generatioDy that dare refase no

task. ^^^Bims tUy Dromo^cape hoc JiabeUum, ventulum

kine facito dum lavamus,*' sirrah, blow wind upoa us while
we wash, and bid your fellow get him up betimes in the
morning, be it feir or foul, he shall run fi%^ miles afoot to*
morrow, to carry me a letter to my mistress, Soda dd pistrvf
num, Socia shall tarry at home and grind malt ail day long^»
Tristan thresh. Thus are they commanded, being indeed
some ei them as so many footstools for rich men to tread (m^
blocks for them to get on horseback, or fis *^ " walls for them
to piss <m.^ They are comrnonly such people, rude^ silly,

iln tenoi ntra est fiicnndia panno. pelled to carry from place to place; for

Jttt. ' >HDr. *' more vorthleto than ret ^ej carry and draw the loads whi6h

Jected weeds.'' 3 Egere est offendere, et oxen and asses formerly used," &e.

mdigere scdestmn esse. Sat. Menlp. sipiaatns. ^ Leo Alfer, ea. nit. 1. X^

* Plant, act. 4. > Nullum tarn barba- ednnt non nt bene viyant, sed nt fbrtiter
ttun. tarn Tile mnnus est, quod non In- laborent.*, Heinslns. loMnnster de
benessbnft obire velit gens vilissima. rusticls Germanise, Cosmog. cap. 27, Ub.

* Lausins, ofat. in Hispaniam. ^ Laet. & u Ter. Eunuch ^> Pauper pariflt
descript. Ameiicae. *"Who dally IhotuB, quem canicu se commingant.
bint beneath the burdens they are com-



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



462 Causes of Melancholy, [Part L see. a

superstitious idiots, nasty, unclean, lousj, poor, dejected,
slavishly humble ; and as ^ Leo Afer observes of the com-
monalty of Africa, natura viliores sunt, nee apud stios dtwes
majore in precio quam si canes essent: *base by nature,
and no more esteemed than dogs, miseram, laboriosam, calami
itosam viiam agunt^ et inopem^ infielicem, mdiares cuinis,
ut e hrutis plane natos dicas ; no learning, no knowledge, no
civility, scarce common sense, nought but barbarism amongst
them, helluino mare vtvunt, neque calceos gestant, neque vestesj
like rogues and vagabonds, they go barefooted and bare-
legged, the soles of their feet being as hard as horse-hoofs,
as ' Radzivilus observed at Damietta in Eg3rpt, leading a
laborious, miserable, wretched, unhappy life, *"like beasts
and juments, if not worse ; " (for a ' Spaniard in Incatan,
sold three Indian boys for a cheese, and a hundred negro
slaves for a horse) their discourse is scurrility, their summum
bonum a pot of ale. There is not any slavery which these
villains will not undergo, inter iUos plerique latrinas evacuanty
alii cvUnariam curanty alii stalmlarios agunt, urinatores, et id
genus similia exercerU, Sfc, like those people that dwell in the
• Alps, chimney-sweepers, jakes-farmers, dirt-daubers, vagrant
rogues, they labour hard some, and yet cannot get clothes to
put on, or bread to eat For what can filthy poverty give
else, but ' beggary, fulsome nastiness, squalor, content, drudg-
ery, labour, ugliness, hunger and thirst ; pedicvlorum, ei
pulicum numerum ? as * he well followed it in Aristophanes,
fleas and lice, pro pallio vestem laceram, et pro pubrinari
lapidem bene magnum ad caput, rags for his raiment, and a
stone for his pillow, pro cathedrd, ruptcB caput umce, he sits
i!i a broken pitcher, or on a block for a chair, et malva ramos

1 Lib 1. cap. Hit. s Deoe omnes ilUs rimtim latomi, in OieelU Talle enltroniin

infens V diceree : tarn pannoei, fistme frac- &bri fumaril, io VIgetia sordidnm genus

ti, tot<fti;9idu^m&li8afflciantur,tanqaAm hominum, qucd repuroandis carminis

pecora quibufl splendor rationis emortu- Tictum parat. f I write not this any

as. > Peregrin. Hieros. * Nihil om- ways to upbraid or scoff at, or misus*

nino meliorem Titam degunt, quam fene poor men, but rather to condole and pity

in silyis, jumenta in terris. Leo Afer. them by expressing, &c. * Ghremilus,

'BartholomeusaCasa. « Ortelius, in Hel- m^t. 4 Plant
fetU Qui habitant in CsBsia valle ut pin-



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mem. 4, sabs. 6.] Poverty and Want, Causes. 463

pro panihus comedit, he drinks water, and lives on wort leaves,
pulse, like a hog, or scraps like a dog, ul nunc nobis vita affi-
citUTy quis non putabit insaniam esse, infelicitatemque f aa
Chremilus concludes his speech, as we poor men live nowa-
days, who will not take our life to be * infelicity, misery, and
madness ?

K they be of little better condition than those base villains,
hunger-starved beggars, wandering rogues, those ordinary
slaves, and day-labouring drudges ; yet they are commonly
so preyed upon by * polling officers for breaking the laws, by
their tyrannizing landlords, so flayed and fleeced by perpetual
• exactions, that though they do drudge, fare hard, and starve
their genius, they cannot live in * some countries ; but what
they have is instantly taken from them, the very care they
take to live, to be drudges, to maintain their poor families,
their trouble and anxiety "takes away their sleep," Sirac
xxxi. 1, it makes them weary of their lives ; when they have
taken all pains, done their utmost and honest endeavours, if
they be cast behind by sickness, or overtaken with years, no
man pities them, hard-hearted and merciless, uncharitable as
they are, they leave them so distressed, to beg, steal, murmur,
and * rebel, or else starve. The feeling and fear of this
misery compelled those old Romans, whom Menenius Agrippa
pacified, to resist their governors ; outlaws, and rebels in
most places, to take up seditious arms, and in all ages hath
caused uproars, murmurings, seditions, rebellions, thefts, mur-
ders, mutinies, jars and contentions in every commonwealth ;
grudging, repining, complaining, discontent in each private
family, because they want means to live according to their
callings, bring up their children, it breaks their hearts, they
cannot do as they would. No greater misery than for a lord
to have a knight's living, a gentleman a yeoman's, not to be

1 PaupertM danun onus miaeris mor- Bssays, speaks of certain Indians in

talibns. > Vexat censarSL columbas. France, that being asked how they liked

s Deux ace non possunt, et sixcinqae the country, wondered how a few rich

iolTere nolant: Omnibus est notum men oonldkeep so many poor men In

qnater tie soWere totum. « Scandia, sutjection, that they did not cut their

Africa, lituania. ^ Montaiflcne, in his throats.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



4G4 Catises of Melancholf^, [Part. I. see. a

able to live as his birth and place require. Poverty and
want are generally corrosives to all kind of men, especially
to such as have been in good and flourishing estate, are sud
denly distressed, ^ nobly bom, liberally brought Up, and by
some disaster and casualty miserably dejected. For the rest,
as they have base fortunes, so have they base minds cor^
respondent, like beetles, e stercore orti, e stercore vi^tus^ in
stervare delietum, as they were obscurely bom and bred, So
they delight in obscenity ; they al*e not so thoroughly touched
with it AngnMm ammvLS txngusto in pectore tersant, *Yea,
that which is no small cau^ of their torments, if once ti*^
coiUe to be in distress, they are forsaken of their fellows,
most part neglected, and left nnto tfiemselves; tfS poor
•Terence m Rome was by Scipio, Laelius, and PuriUs, his
great and noble friends. :;

** Nil Publius Scipio profuit, nil ei Laelius, nil Ftirius,
Tres per idem tempus qui agitabant nobiles faoillim^,
Homm illis operft qq 4oiixom quidem I^abuit conduqtitiam.*' *

Tis generally so, Tempora sifuetint nnMla, sdhis eris, he is
left cold and comfortless, nrdlus ad amissas ihit amietis opeSy
all flee from him as from a rbtten WaH, nbw ready to fell on
their heads. Prov. xix. 4. " Poverty separates them from
tlieir * neighbours.'*

6 ^ Dum fortuna favet, valtam servatis, amioi,
Otim cecidit, turpi vertitig ora fugi."

" Whilst fortune favour'd, fHends, you smiled on me,
But -vdien she fled, a fiiend. I oouli not see.'*

Wliich is worse yet, if he be poor •every man contemns Mln,

insults over him, 6ppresseth him, scoffs at, aggravates his

miseiy. -

7 ^ Quum c(fipit quassata domus subsided, partes

In proclinatas omne recumbit onus."

1 Ang^tas animas animoso in pectore procure a lodging through their patron-

versans. « " A narrow breast conceals age." * Prov. xix. 7. '* Though he be

a narrow soul." « Donatus, vit. ejus, instant, yet they will not." * Petro-

• " Publius Scipio, LsBlius and Furius, nius. • Non est qui doleat Ticem, ut

three of the most distinguished noble- Petrus Christum, jnrant se bominem

men at that day in Rome, were of so Ut- non noTisse. ^ Orid. in Tiift.
tie serrioe to hhn, that he could scarcely



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Menb 4;8abB. 6.] Poverty and Want, Gduses. 465

^ When OD^ the tottering hon^A ^gins to sliTii^
Thither comes all the weight b^- aa instinct/'

Naj, they are odious to their own brethren and dearest
friends, Prov. xix. 7. " His brethren hate him if he be poor,"
^omnes meinioderunt, ** his neighbours hate him," Prov. xm
2(H ^ onmes me noti <ie ignoti desertmi, as he complained in the
comedy,, friends and strangers ail forsake me;' Which is most*
gdevous, poverty makes men ridiculotiB, -^7 h&bet infelm
pmcpertas durvusin^ sbj qttdm ^qtiod ridietUos homines f adit,
they must endure 'jests, taante^ floots^ blows of their betters,
and take all in good part t6 get a meal's meat: * magnum
jKMjf^ries opproUvm, jubet quidvis et facere et paii. He
mast tarn parasite, jester, fool, et^m desipientih/Of desipere';
emth * Euripides, slave, v^ain, drudge to get* a podr living,
apply himself to each man's humoursyto wiik and please, <Sbe.^
and be buffeted when he hath all done, as Ulysses was by
Melanliiius ^ in Homer, be reviled, baffied^' insulted over, for
^potentiorum gtukiti&perferenda est, and may not so mdch as
mutter agidnsti it' Bte' must ttfm rogue and villmn r for as
the saying isj J^essitas cogit ad turpia, poverty alone makes
men thieve^ rebels^ murderers, traitoi^, assassins, ^ because
of :pov«p<y we have sinned," Ecdus. xxvii. 1, swear and for-
swear, bear false witness, lie, dissemble, anything, as I say,
to advantage, themselves, and to relieve their necessities:
' Chdpce scelerisqtie magistra est^ when a man is driven to his
shifts, what will he not do ?. .

8 *' si misemm^ fbrttlna'Siiidtiefti
Finxit, vanum etiamrmendaoemqtte improha finget."

he will betray his father, prince, and country, turn Turk, for-
sake religion, abjure God and all, nuSa torn horrenda pto^-
ditio, quarh Mhicri camd (saith • Leo Afer) perpetrare noHnt,
^ Plato, therefore, calls poverty, 'f thfevish, sacrilegious, filthy,

1 Horat. s Ter. Eunuchus, act. 2. poor, she has made him T^n and men-

» Qnid q«o4 mfUsriam ptwbet ioauaAm- daoV)ug." » De Aftfca, lib. 1, cap, nit.

que jocandi : Si toga sordida sit, Juv. w 4, de logibus. Puracissima paupertaa,

»sat. 2. * Hor. * In PhsBnis. saorilega, turpis, flagifciosa, omnium ma*

* Odyn 17. * Idmn. ' Maotvan. lorum opiftx.
t « Since oroal fortaii» has made Sinon
VOL. V 80



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



466 Causes of Melancholy. [Part L sec S.

wicked, aod mischievoas ; " and well he might For it makes
many an upright man otherwise, had he not been in want, to
take bribes, to be corrupt, to do against his conscience, to sell
hb tongue, heart, hand, &c., to be churlish, hard, unmerciful,
uncivil, to use indirect means to help his present estate. It
makes princes to exact upon their subjects, great men tyran-
nize, landlords oppress, justice mercenary, lawyers vultures,
physicians harpies, friends importunate, tradesmen liars, hon-
est men thieves, devout assassins, great men to prostitute
their wives, daughters, and themselves, middle sort to repine,
commons to mutiny, all to grudge, murmur, and complain.
A great temptation to all mischief, it compels some miserable
wretches to counterfeit several diseases, to dismember, make
themselves blind, lame, to have a more plausible cause to be^
and lose their limbs to recover their present wants. Jodocus
Damhoderius, a lawyer of Bruges, praxi rerum criminal, c.
112, hath some notable examples of such counterfeit cranks,
and every village almost will yield abundant testimonies
amongst us ; we have dummerers, Abraham men, &c And
that which is the extent of misery, it enforceth them, through
anguish and wearisomeness of their lives, to make away
themselves ; they had rather be hanged, drowned, &c, than
to live without means.

A ** In mare csetifemm, ne te premat aspera egestas,
Desili, et k celsis corrue Geme jugU.**

*' Much better 'tis to break thy neck,
Or drown thyself i' the sea,
Than suffer irksome poverty;
Go make thyself away."

A Sybarite of old, as I find it registered in * Athenaeus, sup-
ping in Phiditiis in Sparta, and observing their hard fare,
said it was no marvel if the Lacedaemonians were valiant
men ; " for his part he would rather run upon a sword point
(and so would any man in his wits), than live with such base

1 TheognUi. > Dipnosophtet lib. 12. mento eonstaret) quam *mm fOls et aroa-
MUUes poiiiis moritarom (d anis ribi nod viotfts oommiinkMMm habere.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mem. 4, subs. 6.] Poverty and Want, Causes. 467

diet, or lead so wretched a Kfe." ^ In Japonia 'tis a common
thing to stifle their children if they be poor, or to make an
abortion, which Aristotle commends. In that civil common-
wealth of China, ^ the mother strangles her child if she be
not able to bring it up, and had rather lose than sell it, or
have it endure such misery as poor men do. Amobius, lib,
7, adversus gentes, * Lactantius, lib. 5, cap. 9, objects as much
to those ancient Greeks and Romans, '^ they did expose their
children to wild beasts, strangle or knock out their brains
against a stone, in such cases." If we may give credit to
* Munster, amongst us Christians in Lithuania, they volunta-
rily mancipate and sell themselves, their wives and children
to rich men, to avoid hunger and beggary; *many make
away themselves in this extremity. Apidus the Roman,
when he cast up his accounts, and found but 100,000 crowns
left, murdered himself for fear he should be famished to
death. P. Forestus, in his medicinal observations, hath a
memorable example of two brothers of Louvain that, being
destitute of means, became both melancholy, and in a dis-
contented humour massacred themselves. Another of a mer-
chant, learned, wise otherwise and discreet, but out of a deep
apprehension he had of a loss at seas, would not be persuaded
but as ^ Ventidius in the poet, he should die a beggar. In a
word, thus much I may conclude of poor men, that though
they have good * parts they cannot show or make use of
them : ^ ab inopid ad vtrttttem obsepta est via, 'tis hard for a
poor man to * rise, havd facile emurgunt, qtiorum virttUibus
obstcU res angusta domi}^ " The wisdom of the poor is de-
spised, and his words are not heard." Eccles. vi. 19. His
works are rejected, contemned, for the baseness and obscurity

1 Gapper VQels Jesttlta epist. Japon. peratione rel malonun perpeasione fractl

lib. s Mat. Ricoiug, expedit. in Sinas. et &tigati, plures Tiolentaa rnanus sibi

Ub. 1, c 8. > Vos Romani procreatod inferunt. « Hor. ^ Ingenio poteram

fllloB f!p>ri8 et canibns exponitis, nono auperas Tolitare per aroea : Ut me pluma

BtrangulHtis vel in saxnm eliditis, &c. levat, sic grave mergit onus ^Terent.

« Cosmoff. 4 lib. cap. 22, Tendunt • Juv. Sat. 8, lib. 1. lo *' They cannot

Uberoa Tlctu earentes tanquam peoora easily rise in the world who ve pinched



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 44 of 48)