Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 7 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 7 of 48)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


potius in hominibus investigandum esset. told Alexander la Curtius. Damnat

• Totufl k nafeivitate morbus est. * In foras judex, quod intus opearatnc. Gy
vi|S<»e furibuudus, quum decrescit in- prian.

sanabiliA. ^Oypzian. ad Lonatum.



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



Demoeritus to the Header. 71

dance, sing, laugh^ fea3t, and banquet, whilst others sigh,
languish, mourn, and lament, having neither meat, drink, nor
clothes. ^ Some prank up their bodies, and have their minds
foil of execrable vices. Some trot about ^to bear false
witness, and saj anything for money ; and though judges
know of it, yet for a bribe they wink at it, and suffer false
contracts to prevail against equity. Women are all day
a dressing, to pleasure other men abroad, and go like sluts at
home, not caring to please their own husbands whom they
should. Seeing men are so fickle, so sottish, so intemperate,
why should not I laugh at those to whom * folly seems wis-
dom, will not be cured, and perceive it not ?

It grew late ; Hippocrates left him ; and no sooner was he
come away, but all the citizens came about flocking, to know
how he liked him. He told them in brief, that notwithstand-
ing those smaXl neglects of his attire, body, diet, * the world
had not a wiser, a more learned, a more honest man, and
they were much deceived to say that he was mad.

Thus Demoeritus esteemed of the world in his time, and
this was the cause of his laughter; and good cause he

had.

• Olim jure quidem, nunc plu8 Democrite ride;
Quia rides? vita haoc nuno mag^ ridioula est.

Demoeritus did well to laugh of old,
(xood cause he had,, but bow much more;

This life of ours is more ridiculous
Than that of his, or long before.

Never so much cause of laughter as now, never so many
fools and madmen. Tis not one * Demoeritus will serve turn
to laugh in these days ; we have now need of a " Demoeritus
to laugh at Demoeritus ; " one jester to flout at another, one
foci to flare at another ; a great stentorian Demoeritus, as big

1 TnltAs mmgoM oma, ma^na aaimi In- esse cRotmi * Siqtddera sapieitim

enria. Am. MaveeL SHorrooda ne ante admiiatlone rae complevit, offsntJH

Mt, lix dao Terba liiM xa^ndacio profe- sapleottssimtiin virnm, qui sbItoa potest

nnitar: •tquamTissolenniterhcHxiliiesad om nee homines reddere. <i £ Qrsec.

fwrttatuM tlioeiMkun inritentup, pejerare epi^. * Plures Democriti nunc non

tamon non doMtant, ufe ex decem testi- sufAokint, opus Deraocrito qui Democrl-

Iws tIx anus vanm dical. Oalv. in 8 torn rideat. Bras. Moria.
]itka,a«vai 1. s aapienttam tnsaniam



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



72 Democritus to the Beader.

as that Bhodian Colossus. For now, as ^ SaHsburiensis said in
his time, totiis mundus histrionem agit, the whole world plays
the fool ; we have a new theatre, a new scene, a new comedj
of errors, a new company of personate actors, voluptce sacra
(as Calcagninus willingly feigns in his Apologues) are cele-
brated all the world over, *where all the actors were madmen
and fools, and every honr changed habits, or took that which
came next. He that was a mariner to-day, is an apothecary
to-morrow ; a smith one while, a philosopher another, %n his
volupi€B ludis ; a king now with his crown, robes, sceptre,
attendants, by and by drove a loaded ass before him like a
carter, &c. If Democritus were alive now, he should see
strange alterations, a new company of counterfeit vizards,
whifflers, Cumane asses, maskers, mummers, painted puppets,
outsides, fantastic shadows, gulls, monsters, giddy-heads, but-
terflies. And so many of them are indeed (* if all be true
tha,t I have read). For when Jupiter and Juno's wedding
was solemnized of old, the gods were all invited to the feast,
and many noble men besides : Amongst the rest came Chrys-
alus, a Persian prince, bravely attended, rich in golden at-
tires, in gay robes, with a majestical presence, but otherwise
an ass. The gods seeing him come in such pomp and state,
rose up to give him place, ex hahitu hominem metientes ; * but
Jupiter perceiving what he was, a light, fantastic, idle fellow,
turned him and his proud followers into butterflies ; and so
they continue still (for aught I know to the contrary) roving
about in pied coats, and are called chrysalides by the wiser
sort of men ; that is, golden outsides, drones, flies, and things
of no worth. Multitudes of such, &c.

" ubique invenies
Stultos avaros, sycophantas prodigos." f

1 Polyerat. lib. 8, cap. 8, e Betron. spictiiiB, levis alioquin et nalliuo conMlil,

* Ubi omnes delirabant, omnes insani, &c., mi^o fiustu ingredienti assui^unt

&o. , hodie nauta, eras philosophus ; hodie dii, &o. > Sed hominis levitatem Jupi-

faber, eras pharmacopola; hie modo re- ter perspieiens, at tu (inquit)e8to bom*

gem agebat multo satellitio, tiara, et bUio, &c., protiousq. Testis ilia manicata

ftoeptro oroatus, nunc vili amictus cea- in alas versa est, et mortales inde Chry-

ticulo, asinum •litellarium impellit. salides yocanfe hrvj^smodi homineo. .

^ Calcagninus Apol. Crysalus k caeteris t You will meet covetous fools and prodl^

»uro dives, manicato poplo et tiara cou- gal sycophants everywhere.



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



Dmnocritus to the Header, 73

Manj additions, much increase of madness, folly, vanity,
should Democritus observe, were he now to travel, or could
get leave of Pluto to come and see fashions, as Charon did
in Lucian to visit our cities of Moronia Pia, and Moronia
Foelix ; sure I think he would break the rim of his belly
with laughing. ^Si foret in terris rideret DemocrituSj
seuy &c

A satirical Roman in his time, thought all vice, folly, and
madness were all at full sea, ^Omne in prcecipiti vitium stetit.

* Josephus the historian taxeth his countrymen Jews for
bragging of their vices, publishing their follies, and that they
did contend amongst themselves who should be most notori-
ous in viilanies ; but we flow higher in madness, hr beyond

them,

« *♦ Mox daturi progeniem vitiosiorera,"

And yet with crimes to us onknown,

Our sons shall mark the coming age their own,

and the latter end (you know whose oracle it is) is like to be
worse. Tis not to be denied, the world alters every day,
RuurU urbes, regna transferuntur, S^c, variantur habitus, leges
innavantury as * Petrarch observes, we change language, hab-
its, laws, customs, manners, but not vices, not diseases, not
the symptoms of folly and madness, they are still the same.
And as a river, we see, keeps the like name and place, but
not water, and yet ever runs, f Labitur et labetur in omne
volvbiUs (Bvum; our times and persons alter, vices are the
i ; look how nightingales sang of old,
ired, sheep bleated, sparrows chirped,
still ; we keep our madness still, play
finittis Orestes ; we are of the same
IS as our predecessors were ; you shall
at one, we and our sons, et nati nato^
ah illis. And so shall our posterity
3ut to speak of times present.

De bello tamen habetis quis p^or sit. • Hor

Testraa « Lib 6, Epist. 8. t Hor.
solos cer-



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



74 Democritus to the Header.

If Democritus were alive now, and should but see the su-
perstition of our age, our ^ religious madness, as ^ Meteran
calls it, Rdigiosam tnsamam, so many professed Christians,
yet so few imitators of Christ ; so much talk of religion, so
much science, so little conscience; so much knowledge, so
many preachers, so little practice ; such variety o( sects, such

have and hold of all sides,* ohvta signis Signa, &c, such

absurd and ridiculous traditions and ceremonies : If he should
meet a ^ Capuchin, a Franciscan, a Pharisaical Jesuit, a man-
serpent, a shave-crowned Monk in his robes, a begging Friar,
or see their three-crowned Sovereign Lord the Pope, poor
Peter's successor, servus servorum Dei, to depose kings with
his foot, to tread on emperors' necks, make them stand bare-
foot and bare-legged at his gates, hold his bridle and stirrup,
&c. (O that Peter and Paul were alive to see this !) If he
should observe a * Prince creep so devoutly to kiss his toe,
and those Red-cap Cardinals, poor parish priests of old, now
Princes* companions ; what would he say ? - Gcelum ipsum
petitur stvUiticu Had he met some of our devout pilgrims
going barefoot to Jerusalem, our Lady of Lauretto, Rome, S.
lago, S. Thomas's Shrine, to creep to those counterfeit and
maggot-eaten relics ; had he been present at a mass, and
seen such kissing of Paxes, crucifixes, cringes, duckings, their
Beveral attires and ceremonies, pictures of saints, ^indul-
gences, pardons, vigils, fasting, feasts, crossing, knocking,

kneeling at Ave-Marias, bells, with many such ; -jucunda

rudi spectacula pkbis, * praying in gibberish, and mumbling
of beads. Had he heard an old woman say her prayers in
Latin, their sprinkling of holy-water, and going a proces-
sion,

1 Superstitio est insanus error. > Lib. oblationibus, rotls, solutionibus, jejunils,

8, hist. Belg. * Lucan. « i^ther coenobiis, somniis, horis, organis, cantile-

Angelo, the Duke of Joyeux, going bare- ni.-t, campanis, simulachris, missis, pnr-

Ibot over the Alps to Rome, &c. * Si gatorils, mitris, breviariis, bullis, lustrali-

etd intaeri vacet quse patiuntar supersti- bus, aquis, rasuria, tinctionibas, candelis,

tiosi, inyenies tam indecora hoaestis, tarn calicibus, crucibus, mappis, cereis, tbu-

tndigna liberis, tam dissimili* sanis, ut ribulis, incantationibus, exorcismis, spa

nemo faerit dabit^tunu furere eos, si tis, l^^ndis, ^e. Baleus d« actis Rom

cum paucioribus furerent. Senec. Pont. • Pleasing spectacles to the ig

) Quid dicam de eorum indolgentilB, norant poor.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Democritu9 to the Reader, 75

* ^ iooedtiiit monachomm agmina mille;
Quid memorem vexilla, cruces, idolaque culta, &c."

Their breviaries, bulls, hallowed beans, exorcisms, pictures,
carious crosses, fables, and baubles. Had he read the Grolden
Legend, the Turks' Alcoran, or Jews' Talmud, the Rabbins'
Comments, what would he have thought? How dost thou
think he might have been affected ? Had he more particu*
iarlj examined a Jesuit's life amongst the rest, he should
have seen an hypocrite profess poverty, *and yet possess
more goods and lands than many princes, to have infinite
treasures and revenues; teadi others to fast, and play the
gluttons themselves ; like the watermen that row one way
and look another. * Vow virginity, talk of holiness, and yet
indeed a notorious bawd, and famous fornicator, lasdvumpecm^
a very goat Monks by profession, • such as give over the
world and the vanities of it, and yet a Machiavdian rout
* interested in all manner of state ; holy men, peacemakers,
and yet composed of envy, lust, ambition, hatred, and malice ;
firebrands, adidtu patria pestis^ traitors, assassinats, hdc itur
ad astra, and this is to supererogate, and merit heaven for
themselves and others. Had he seen on the adverse side,
some of our. nice and curious schismatics in another extreme,
abhor all ceremonies, and rather lose their lives and livings,
than do or admit anything Papists have formerly used,
though in things indifferent, (they alone are the true Church,
sal terns cum Hnt omnium insuUissimi), Formalists, out of
fear and base flattery, like so many weathercocks turn
round, a rout of temporizers, ready to embrace and maintain
all that is or shall be proposed in hope of preferment;
another Epicurean company, lying at lurch like so many
vultures, watching for a prey of Church goods, and ready to
rise by the downfall of any ; as * Lucian said in like case,

* Th. Neageor. i Bum dmolant longer, their madness shall be known to

spemere, acqulsiyerunt sibi 80 annorum all men. ^ Benifcnitatis sinus solebat

ppatio bts oentona mlllia libramm annua, esse, nunc litium officina curia Itomana.

Arnold. > Et quum interdiu de virtato Budsens. & Quid tibi videtur fkctunu



loquuti sunt, sero in latibolis clunes a«i- Democritus, si homm spectator contiffLa*
tant labore noctumo, Agrjppa. ^1

Tim. iii. 13. But they shall prerail no



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



76 Democritus to the Reader.

what dost thou think Democritus would have dine, had he
been spectator of these things ?

Or had he but observed the common people follow like so
many sheep one of their fellows drawn by the horns over
the gap, some for zeal, some for fear, qud se cunque rapit
tempestas, to credit all, examine nothing, and yet ready to
die before they will abjure any of those ceremonies to which
they have been accustomed? others out of hypocrisy fre-
quent sermons, knock their breasts, turn up their eyes, pre-
tend zeal, desii'e reformation, and yet professed usurers,
gripers, monsters of men, harpies, devils in their lives, to
express nothing less.

What would he have said to see, hear, and read so many
bloody battles, so many thousands slain at once, such streams
of blood able to turn mills ; unius oh noxam furicisque, or to
make sport for princes, without any just cause, * " for vain
titles (saith Austin), precedency, some wench, or such like
toy, or out of desire of domineering, vainglory, malice,
revenge, folly, madness," (goodly causes all, oh quas uni-
versus orhis heUis et ccedihus mtsceatur,) whilst statesmen
themselves in the mean time are secure at home pam-
pered with all delights and pleasures, take their ease, and
follow their lusts, not considering what intolerable misery
poor soldiers endure, their often wounds, hunger, thirst, &c.,
the lamentable cares, torments, calamities, and oppressions
that accompany such proceedings, they feel not, take no
notice of it. So wars are begun, by the persuasion of a few
debauched, hair-brain, poor, dissolute, hungry captains, par-
asitical fawners, unquiet Hotspurs, restless innovators, green
heads, to satisfy one man's private spleen, lust, ambition,
avarice, &c. ; tales rapiimt scelerata in prcdia causae. Flos
hominumy proper men, well proportioned, carefully brought
up, able both in body and mind, sound, led like so many
^ beasts to the slaughter in the flower of their years, pride,

* Ob inanes diMoanm titulos, ob pre- malitia. quod cupido dominandif libido
reptum locum, ob interoeptam mulier- nocendi, &o. ^ Bellam rem plane

sulam, vel quod e stultitia natum, yel e belluie oam yocat Morua. Utop. lib. 2.



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



Democntus to the Reader, 77

and full strength, without all remorse and pity, sacriliced to
Pluto, killed up as so many sheep, for devils* food, 40,000 at
once. At once, said I, that were- tolerable, but these wars
last always, and for many ages ; nothing so familiar as this
hacking and hewing, massacres, murders, desolations — ignoto
codum clangore rem/ugity they care not what mischief they
procure, so that they may enrich themselves for the present ;
they will so long blow the coals of contention, till all the
world be consumed with fire. The ^ siege of Troy lasted
ten years, eight months, there died 870,000 Grecians,
670,000 Trojans, at the taking of the city, and after were
slain, 276,000 men, women, and children of all sorts.
Caesar killed a million, * Mahomet the second Turk, 300,000
persons ; Sicinius Dentatus fought in a hundred battles,
eight times in single combat he overcame, had forty wounds
before, was rewarded with 140 crowns, triumphed nine
times for his good service. M. Sergius had 32 wounds;
Scaeva, the Centurion, I know not how many ; every nation
had their Hectors, Scipios, Caesars, and Alexanders ! Our
* Edward the Fourth was in 26 battles afoot; and as they
do all, he glories in it, *tis related to his honour. At the
siege of Hierusalem, 1,100,000 died with sword and famine.
At the battle of Cannas, 70,000 men were slain, as * Polyb-
ius records, and as many at Battle Abbey with us; and
'tis no news to fight from sun to sun, as they did, as Con-
stantine and Licinius, &c At the siege of Ostend (the
devil's academy) a poor town in respect, a small fort, but a
great grave, 120,000 men lost their lives, besides whole
towns, dorpes, and hospitals full of maimed soldiers ; there
were engines, fire-works, and whatsoever the devil could
invent to do mischief with 2,500,000 iron bullets shot of 40
pounds' weight, three or four millions of gold consumed.
***Who (saith mine author) can be sufficiently amazed at
their flinty hearts, obstinacy, fury, blindness, who without

tManster. Conmog. 1. 6, o. 8. B «Goininea8. •Lib. 8. « mit. of

Diet. Cretoni. *JoTiiif Tit ^Jns. the sie((e of Ostend, fbl. 28.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



78 Democritus to the Reader,

any likelihood of good sucoessi haz£urd poor soldiers, and lead
them without pity to the slaughter, which may justly be
called the rage of furious beasts, that run without reason
upon their own deaths ; " * quis malus genttis, qua furuM,
qtuspestisy S^c; what plague, what fury brought so devilish,
so brutish a thing as war first into men's minds? Who
made so sofl and peaceable a creature, bom to love, mercy,
meekness, so to rave, rage like beasts, and run on to their
own destruction ? how may nature expostulate with mankind^
^0 te divinum animal Jinxij S^c. ? I made thee an hami'-
less, quiet, a divine creature ; how may Grod expostulate aad
all good men ? yet, komm facta (as f one condoles) tantum
a>dmirant%iar, et heroum numero habent : these are the brave
spirits, the gallants of the world, these admired alone, triy
umph alone, have statues, crowns, pyramids, obelisks to their
eternal fame, that immortal genius attends on them, hde
itur ad astra. When Rhodes was besieged, ^fosarn urbi$
cadaverihus repletce sunt, the ditches were full of dead car-
casses ; and as when the said Solyman, great Turk, belea-^
guered Vienna, they lay level with the top of the walls*
This they make a sport of, and will do it to their friends and
confederates, against oaths, vows, promises, by treachery or

otherwise; ^ dolus an virtus? quis in hoste required f

leagues and laws of arms, (* silent leges inter arma)y for their
advanta^^e, omnia jura^ divina, humana, proctdvata plerum"
que sunt; God's and men's laws are trampled under foot, the
sword alone determines all ; to satisfy their lust and spleen,
they care not what they attempt, say, or do, ^ Rara fdes^
prohitasqve viris qui castra sequuntur. Nothing so com-
mon as to have * " father fight against the son, brother
against brother, kinsman against kinsman, kingdom against
kingdom, province against province, Christians againsfc Chris-

* Eraemtifl de bello. Ut placidnm illnd * Tally. ^Ltican. ^ Pftter in filimn,

animal benerolentlae natam tarn ferioa afflnis in afflDem, amicus in amknun. &ff.

recordift in mutnam rueret pemiciem. Regio cum regione, regnum r^no collidt-

t Rich. Dinoth. prte&t. Belli ciTilis Gal. tur. Populus popuio in mutuam per-

1 JoTius. s Dolus, aBperitas, in jus- nbiem, belluarom. instar sanguinotonit

titia propria bellorum negoUa. Tertul. ruentium.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Democritus to the Reader. 79

tians ; " a quihus nee unquam cogitatione fuerurU kesi, of
whom they never had offence in thought, word or deed.
Infinite treasures consumed, towns burned, flourishing cities
sacked and ruinated, quodgue animus meminisse horretj
goodly countries depopulated and left desolate, old inhabitants
expelled, trade and traffic decayed, maids deflowered, Ftr-
gines nondum thalamis jtigat€B, et comis fumdum positis
ephcebi ; chaste matrons cry out with Andromache, * CW-
cubitum mox cogar paH ^'us, qui interemit Hectaremj they
shall be compelled peradventure to lie with them that erst
killed their husbands ; to see rich, poor, sick, sound, lords,
servants, eodem omnes incommodo macti, consumed all or
maimed, &c. Et quicquid gaudens scelere animus audety ^
perversa mens, saith Cyprian, and whatsoever torment,
misery, mischief, hell itself, the devil, ^fury and rage can
invent to their own ruin and destruction; so abominable a
thing is ^ war, as Qerbelius concludes, ctdeo foeda et abom*
inanda res est beUum, ex quo hominum cmdes, vastaiiones, S^e.^
the scourge of Grod, cause, effect, fruit and punishment of sin,
and not tonsura humani generis, as Tertullian calls it, but
ruina. Had Democritus been present at the late civil wars

in France, those abominable wars beUaque matrihus detes*

tatOj • " where, in less than ten years, ten thousand men were
oonsomed, saith Collignius, twenty thousand churches over-
thrown; nay, the whole kingdom subverted (as * Richard
Dinoth adds). So many myriads of the commons were
butchered up, with sword, famine, war, tanto odio utrinque
ut harbari ad ahhorrendam lanienam ohstupescerent, with
such feral hatred, the world was amazed at it ; or at our late
Pharsalian fields in the time of Henry the Sixth, betwixt the
houses of Lancaster and York, a hundred thousand men
slain, t one writes ; * another, ten thousand families were

* Ubanii declam. i Iraenimet fhror tis excisa. * Belli civilis Gal. 1. 1, hoc

Bellonse consultores, &c., dementes feralibello et caedibiis omnia repleverunt,

ncexdotes sunt. ^ Bellum quasi bellua et r^pium amplissimnm k fundamentia

•t ad omnia scelera furor immiflsus. pene ererterunt, plebis tot myriades gla-

* Oallorum decies centum millia cecide- dio, bello, £une miserabiUter perieruni.

rant. Ecolesiarum 20 millia ftindamen- t Pont. Hnterus. < Comineus. Ut



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



80 Democritus to the Reader.

rooted out, " That no man can but marvel, saith Cominens,
at that barbarous immanity, feraJ madness, committed betwixt
men of the same nation, language, and religion." * Quis
furor, cives ? " Why do the Gentiles so furiously rage,"
saith the Prophet David, Psal. ii. 1. But we may ask, why
do the Christians so furiously rage ? * Arma volunt, quare
poscunt, rapiuntque juventtisf*' Unfit for Gksntiles, much
less for us so to tyrannize, as the Spaniard in the West
Indies, that killed up in forty-two years (if we may believe
^ Bartholomseus k Casa, their own bishop) twelve millions of
men, with stupend and exquisite torments ; neither should I
lie (said he) if I said fifty millions. I omit those French mas-
sacres, Sicilian even-songs, 'the Duke of Alva's tyrannies,
our gunpowder machinations, and that fourth fury^ as * one
calls it, the Spanish inquisition, which quite obscures those

ten persecutions, * scevit toto Mars impius orbe. Is not

this ^ mundiLS furiosus, a mad world, as he terms it, insanum
beUum f are not these mad men, as f Scaliger concludes,
qui in prcdio acerbd morte, insanice stue memoriam pro per^ .
petuo teste reUnquunt posteritati ; which leave so frequent
battles, as perpetual memorials of their madness to all suc-
ceeding ages? Would this, think you, have enforced our
Democritus to laughter, or rather made him turn his tune,
alter his tone, and weep with ' Heraclitus, or rather howl,
• rear, t-tA tear his hair in commiseration, stand amazed ; or
as the poets feign, that Niobe was for grief quite stupefied,
and turned to a stone ? I have not yet said the worst, that
which is more absurd and • mad, in their tumults, seditions,
civil and unjust wars, *® quod stuUe suscipitur, impie geritury
misere Jlnitur. Such wars I mean ; for all are not to be
condemned, as those fantastical anabaptists vainly conceive.

nnlltis non execretur et admiretur cru- " Impions war rages throughout the

delitatem, et barbaram insaniam, quae whole world." « Jansenius Gallobelgi-

inter homines eodem sub coelo natos, cus 1596. Mundos f^riosus, inacriptio

ejosdem linguae, sanguiniSjjeli^onis, ex- libri. t Exercitat. 250, serm. 4.

ercebatur. i Lucan. • Virg. « Bish- ' Pleat Heraclitus an rideat Democritus.

op of Cuseo, an eye-witness. 8 Read 8Cur8eleTesloquuntur,ingente8stupent.

Heteran of his stupend cruelties. > Arma amens capio, neo sat rattonis in

^Hensius Austriaco. ^Vlrg. C^rg. armis. lo Erasmus



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Democritus to the Header. 81

Our Christian tactics are all out as necessary as the Romar*
acies, or Grecian phalanx ; to be a soldier is a most noble
and honourable profession (as the world is), not to be spared,
they are our best walls and bulwarks, and I do therefore
acknowledge that of * TuUy to be most true, " All our civil
affairs, all our studies, all our pleading, industry, and com-
mendation lies under the protection of warlike virtues, and
whensoever there is any suspicion of tumult, all our arts
cease;" wars are most behov^ful, et beUatores agricolis
civitaii sunt tUiliores, as t Tyrius defends ; and valour is
much to be commended in a wise man ; but they mistake
most part, auferre, tructdare, rapere, falsis nmnnibu* vir-



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 7 of 48)