Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 8 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 8 of 48)
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tutem vocant, &c. ('Twas Galgacus's observation in Tacitus) ^
they term thefl, murder and rapine, virtue, by a wrong
name, rapes, slaughters, massacres, &c, joctis et ludtis, are
pretty pastimes, as Ladovicus Vives notes. *"They com-
monly call the most harebrain blood-suckers, strongest
thieves, the most desperate villains, treacherous rogues,
•inhuman murderers, rash, cruel and dissolute caitiffs, courage
ous and generous spirits, heroical and worthy captains,
^ brave men at arms, valiant and renowned soldiers, pos-
sessed with a brute persuasion of false honour," as Pontus
Huter in his Burgundian history complains. By means of
which it comes to pass that daily so many voluntaries offer
themselves, leaving their sweet wives, children, friends, for
sixpence (if they can get it) a day, prostitute their lives and
limbs, desire to enter upon breaches, lie sentinel, perdue,
give the first onset, stand in the fore-front of the battle,
marching bravely on, with a cheerful noise of drums and
trumpets, such vigour and alacrity, so many banners stream-
ing in the air, glittering armours, motions of plumes, woods
of pikes, and swords, variety of colours, cost and magnifi-

* Pro Mnrena. Omnes urbanae res, simos haberi propugnatores. fidisgimoa

omnia studia, amuis forensis laus et daces habent, bmta persuasibne donati

iadustria latet in tutela et prsesidio bel- 3 Eobanus Hessus. Quibns omnia in ar-

Iie«e Yirtutis, et simul atque increpuit mis vita placet, non nllaju vat nisi morte,

sospicio tumult(\s artes iilico nostras nee ullam esse pntant vitam, qusB noa

conticescunt. t Ser. 13. i Crude- assueverit armis.

lissiaios ssevissimosque latrones, fortis-

VOL. I. 6



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82 Demoeritm to the Reader.

cence, as if thej went ia triumph, now victors to the Capitol,
and with such pomp, as when Darius's army marched to
meet Alexander at Issus* Void of all fear they run into
imminent dangers, cannon's mouth, ^cc, ut vtdner^tis eui$
ferrum hosHum hehetent^ saith ^ Barletius, to get a name of
valour, honour and applause, which lasts not neither, for it is
but a mere flash this fame, and like a rose, intra diem unum
extinguitur, 'tis gone in an instant Of 15,000 proletaries
slain in a battle, scarce fifleen are recorded in histxuy, or one
idone, the Greneral perhaps, and after awhile his and their
names are likewise blotted out, the whde battle itself is for-
gotten. Those Grecian orators, summa vi ingenii et elo^
quentia, set out the renowned overthrows at Theremopylce^
SalamiSj Marathon^ MiccUe, Mantinea, PheroncBO^ Platacu
The Romans record their battle at Cannas, and Pharsalian
fields, but they do but record, and we scarce hear of them.
And yet this supposed honour, popular applause, desire ci
immortality by this means, pride and vainglory spur them on
many times rashly and unadvisedly, to Hiake away them-,
selves and multitudes of others. Alexander was sorry, be-
cause, there were no more worlds for him to conquer, he Is
admired by oome for it, animo$a vox videtur^ et regia, 'twas
spoken like a Prince ; but as wise ' Seneca censures him,
'twas vox ini^uiseima et stttltissimOy 'twas spoken l&e a Bed-
lam fool ; and that sentence which the same * Seneca ap-
propriates to his Neither Philip and him, I apply to them all,
jVbn minores fuere pestes mortcdium quam inundatioy qtuim
conjlagratio guibue, &c., they did as much mischief to mortal
men as fire and water, those merciless elements when thoy
rage. * Which is yet more to be lamented, they persuade
them this hellish course of life is holy, they promise heaven
to such as venture their lives bello sacro, and that by these

1 Lib. 10, Tit. Scanperb^. < NulU eoB, qui In proelio Aidftrit animam. Be

beatiores habiti, quiun qui in proeliis ceci- Benef. lib. 2, e. 1. * Nat. qusest. lib. 8.

dissent. Brisonius de rep. Persanim. 1. * Boterus Amphitridion. Busbeqniua

8, fol. 8, 44. Idem Lactantios de Romania Turc. hist. Per csedee et sanguinem pa-

et Grfficis. Idem Ammianns, lib. 28, de rare hominibus ascensum in coelum pa-

Pwrthis. Judicatur is solus beatus apad taut, Lactaa. de folsa xelig. 1. 1, cap. S.



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Democritus to the Reader. 83

bloody wars, as Persians, Greeks and Romans of old, as
modem Turks do now their commons, to encourage them to
fight, tU cadant infeUciter. " If they die in the field, they
go directly to heaven, and shall be canonized for saints."
(O diabolical invention I) put in the Chronicles, in perpettutm
ret memoriam, to their eternal memory ; when as in truth,
as ^some hold, it were much better (since wars are the
scourge of God for sin, by which he punisheth mortal men's
peevishness and folly) such brutish stories were suppressed,
because cut morum tnstittUi<mem nihil habent, they conduce
not at all to manners, or good life. But they will have it
thus nevertheless, and so they put note of ^ " divinity upon
the most cruel and pernicious plague of human kind," adore,
such men with grand titles, degrees, statues, images, 'honoui*,
applaud, and highly reward them for their good service, no
greater glory than to die in the field. So Africanus is ex-
tolled by £nnius; Mars, and * Hercules, and I know not
how many besides of old, were deified; went this way to
heaven, that were indeed bloody butchers, wicked destroyers,
and troublers of the world, prodigious monsters, hell-hounds,
feral plagues, devourers, common executioners of human
kind, as Lactantius truly proves, and Cyprian to Donat, such
as were desperate in wars, and precipitately made away
themselves, (like those Celtes in Damascen, with ridiculous
valour, ut dedecorosum ptUarent muro ruenti se stibducere, a
disgrace to run away for a rotten wall, now ready to fall on
their heads,) such as will not rush on a sword's point, or
shot, are base cowards, and no
Leans, Madet orbis mutuo sanguine^
own blood, ^Scevit amor fern et
d for that, which if it be done in
Lgorously executed, ^ '* and which is

fla- signiunt. > Et quod dolendnm, ap-

siam plausum habent et ooounam yiri tales.

Bnda « Herculi eadem porta ad*^ooelum patuit

pie- qui magnam f^neris humani partem per-

hist. didit. & Virg. Aneld. 7. • Uomi.

leris cidiamqaumeommitcuntslnguli, crimen

L iQ- est, luum public^ ceritur. Tirtoi tooa-



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84 Democritus to the Reader.

no less than murder itself; if the same fact be done in pub-
lic wars it is called manhood, and the party is honoured for

it** ^Prosperum etfcdix sceltis, virtus vacatur.

We measure all as Turks do, by the event, and most part,
as Cyprian notes, in all ages, countries, places, savitim mag'
nitudo impunitatem sceleris acguirit, the foulness of the fact
vindicates the offender. * One is crowned for that for which
another is tormented : IBe crucem sceleris pretium tuUt^ hie
diadema ; made a knight, a lord, an earl, a great duke, (as

• Agrippa notes) for which another should have hung in gib- ^
bets, as a terror to the rest,

4 ** et tamen alter,
Si fecisset idem, caderet sub jndice moram.**

A poor sheep-stealer is hanged for stealing of victuals, com-
pelled peradventure by necessity of that intolerable cold,
hunger, and thirst, to save himself from starving; but a

• great man in- office may securely rob whole provinces, undo
thousands, pill and poll, oppress ad libitum, flea, grind, tyran-
nize, enrich himself by spoils of the commons, be uncontrol-
lable in his actions, and after all,' be recompensed with tur-
gent titles, honoured for his good service, and no man dare
find fault, or • mutter at it.

How would our Democritus have been affected to see a
wicked caitiff, or ' " fool, a very idiot, a funge, a golden ass, a
monster of men, to have many good men, wise men, learned
men to attend upon him with all submission, as an appendix
to his riches, for that respect alone, because he hath more
wealth and money, *and to honour him with divine titles, and
bombast epithets," to smother him with fumes and eulogies,

tar. Oypriantu. i Seneca. Success- in servitutem habentem, ob id dnntazat

tal vice is called vlrtae. 3 juven. quod ei contingat aureorum numisma-

> De vanit. scient. de princlp. niibilita- turn cumulus, ut appendices, et addita-

tis. * JuTen. Sat. 4. * Pausa rapit, menta numiHoiatum. Morus, Utopia,

quod Natta reliquit. Tu pessimus om- ^ Eorumque detestantur Utopienses in-

nium latro es, as Demetrius the Pirate saniam, qui divines honores iis imperti-

told Alexander in Curtius. 6 Non ausi unt, quos sordidos et araros agnoscuntj

mutire, &c. Maap. 7 Improbum et non alio respectu honorantes quam quod

■tultnm, si divitem multos bonos viroe dites sint. Idem, hb. 2.



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Democrittts to the Reader. 85

woom they know to be a dizzard, a fool, a covetous wretch,
a beast, &c., " because he is rich ? " To see suh exiwiis
leonis onagrum, a filthy loathsome carcass, a Gk>rgon's head
puffed up by parasites, assume this unto himself, glorious
titles, in worth an infant, a Cuman ass, a painted sepulchre,
an Egyptian temple ? To see a withered face, a diseased,
deformed, cankered complexion, a rotten carcass, a viperous
mind, and Epicurean soul set out with orient pearls, jewels,
diadems, perfumes, curious elaborate works, as proud of his
clothes as a child of his new coats ; and a goodly person.
an angel-like divine countenance, a saint, an humble mind, a
meek spirit clothed in rags, beg, and now ready to be starved ?
To see a silly contemptible sloven in apparel, ragged in his
coat, polite in speech, of a divine spirit, wise ? another neat
in clothes, spruce, full of courtesy, empty of grace, wit, talk
nonsense ?

To see so many lawyers, advocates, so many tribunals, so
little justice ; so many magistrates, so little care of common
good; so many laws, yet never more disorders; Tribunal
litium segetem^ the Tribunal a labyrinth, so many thousand
suits in one court sometimes, so violently followed ? To see
tnftistissimum stspe juri prceddentemy impium religioni^ ini'
perttissimum eruditioni^ otiosissimum labori, monstrosum hu-
manitaii ? to see a lamb ^ executed, a wolf pix>nounce sen-
tence, latro arraigned, and fur sit cm the bench, the judge
"do worse himself, ^eundem fur^
am plectere, quum sit ipse raptor f
interpreted pro and con, as the
unbed, or otherwise affected as a
none to-morrow; or firm in his
ence prolonged, changed, ad ar-
ne case, * " one thrust out of his
put in by favour, false forged

to- merces. Petronias. Quid feciant legea

At n\A sola pecunia regnat? Idem. ^ Bio

us arcentur hasreditatibus liberi, hie dona-

in. tnr bonis alienis, falsum consulit, alter

ca testamenium oonrumpiftf &c. Idem



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86 Democritus to the Reader.

deeds or wills." LidsiB leges negUguntur, laws are made and
not kept ; or if put in execution, ^ they be some sillj ones
that are punished. As put case it be fornication, the father
will disinherit or abdicate his child, quite cashier him (out^
villain, begone, come no more in my sight) ; a poor man is
miserably tormented with loss of his estate perhaps, goods,
fortunes, good name, forever disgraced, forsaken, and must
do penance to the utmost ; a mortal sin, and yet make the
worst of it, nunquid cdiud fecit^ saith Tranio in the *poet,
nisi quod faciunt summis nati generibtis f he hath done no
more than what gentlemen usually do. ^ Neque novum, neque
mirum, neque secits quam alU soleni. For in a great person^
right worshipful Sir, a right honourable Grandy, 'tis not a
venial sin, no, not a peccadillo^ 'tb no ofiTence at all, a common
and ordinary thing, no man takes notice of it; he justifies it
in public, and perad venture brags of it,

* " Nam quod turpe bonis, Titio, Seioque, decebat
Grispinum "

For what would be base in good men, Titius, and Seius, became Crispinus.

• Many poor men, younger brothers, &c., by reason of bad
policy and idle education (for they are likely brought up in
no calling), are compelled to beg or steal, and then hanged
for theft; than which, what can be more ignominious, non
minus enim turpe prindpi muUa suppUcia, quam medico
muUa funera, 'tis the governor's fault. LihenHiks verberani
quam docent, as schoolmasters do rather correct their pupils,
than teach them when they do amiss. '"They had more
need provide thei'e should be no more thieves and beggars,
as they ought with good policy, and take away the occasions*
than let them run on, as they do to their own destruction ; root
out likewise those causes of wrangling, a multitude of law-

1 Vexat censurft columbaa. « Plaut. 1. « Decemuntur ftirl gravia et hor-

mostel. 8 Idem-. * Juven. Sat. 4. renda supplicla, quum potlus proTiden-

• Quod tot rfnt ftires et mendici, magis- dmnTnultdforetneflire88int,necuiquam
tratuum culpa fit, qui malos imitantur tarn dira ftirandi aut pereundi sit i
pneceptores, qui dJscipulos libentius yer- sitas. Idem,
berant quam dooeot. Morus, Utop. lib.



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DemocritU9 to the Reader, 87

yers, and compose coritroYersies, lites lugtraks et iecularesy bj
s(nne more compendious means." Whereas now for every
toy and trifle they go to law^ » mugit litibus inscmum forttm,
et 84Bvit invicem discordcmtium rabies^ they are ready to pull
out one another's throats ; and for commodity ^ ^' to squeeze
blood," saith Hierom, " out of their brother's heart," defame,
lie, disgrace, backbite, rail, bear folse witness, swear, forswear,
flght and wrangle, spend their goods, lives, fortunes, friends,
undo one another, to enrich an harpy advocate, that preys
upon them both, and cries Eia Socrates, £ia Xajitippe ; or
some corrupt Judge, that like the 'Kite in jEsop, while
the mouse and frog fought, carried both away. Grenerally
they prey one upon another as so many ravenous birds, brute
beasts, devouring flshes, no medium, * omnes hie aut captantur
aut eaptant ; aut cadaivera quce lacerantur^ aut corvi qui laee-
rant, either deceive or be deceived ; tear others or be torn
in pieces Uiemselves ; like so many buckets in a well, as one
riseth another faHeth, one's empty, another's full ; his ruin is
a ladder to the third ; such are our ordinary proceedings.
What's the market? A place, according to ^Anacharsis,
wherein they cozen one another, a trap; nay, what's the
world itself? ° A vast chaos, a confusion of manners, as
fickle as the air, domicilium insanorum, a turbulent troop full
of impurities, a mart of walking spirits, goblins, the theatre
of hypocrisy, a shop of knavery, flattery, a nursery of villainy,
the scene of babbling, the school of giddiness, the academy
of vice ; a warfare, ubi vdis nolis pugnandum^ aut vincas aiU
succumbas, in which kill or be killed ; wherein every man is
for himself, his private ends, and stands upon his own guard.
No charity, ' love, friendship, fear of God, alliance, affinity,
consanguinity, Christianity, can contain them, but if they be
any ways offended, or that string of conmiodity be touched,

1 Boterus de augment, urb. lib. 8, emporium, theatrum hjpoorisios, &o.

eap. 3. * E fratemo corde sanguinem ' Nemo coelom, nemo ju^urandumf

eliciunt. s Milms rapit ac deglubit. nemo Jovem plurls facit, sed omo«i

* Petronius de Crotone civit. 8 Quid apertis ocuUs bona sua compntant. P»

forum? loou^ quo alius alium circum- tron
fenii. ^Vastum chaoSf larvarum



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88 Democritus to the Reader.

they fall foul. Old friends become bitter enemies on a sud-
den for toys and small offences, and they that erst were will-
ing to do all mutual offices of love and kindness, now revile
and persecute one another to death, with more than Yatinian
hatred, and will not be reconciled. So long as they are be-
hoveful, they love, or may bestead each other, but when there
is no more good to be expected, as they do by an old dog,
hang him up or cashier him ; which ^ Cato counts a great
indecorum, to use men like old shoes or broken glasses, which
are flung to the dunghill ; he could not find in his heart to
sell an old ox, much less to turn away an old servant ; but
they, instead of recompense, revile him, and when they have
made him an instrument of their villainy, as *^ Bajazet the
second Emperor of the Turks did by Acomethes Bassa, make
him away, or instead of * reward, hate him to death, as Silius
was served by Tiberius. In a word every man for his own
ends. Our summum honum is commodity, and the goddess
we adore Dea moneta, Queen money, to whom we daily offer
sacrifice, which steers our hearts, hands, * affections, all ; that
most powerful goddess, by whom we are reared, depressed,
elevated, * esteemed the sole commandress of our actions, for
which we pray, run, ride, go, come, labour, and contend as
fishes do for a crumb that falleth into the water. It's not
worth, virtue, (that's honum theatrale,) wisdom, valour, learn-
ing, honesty, religion, or any sufficiency for which we are
respected, but * money, greatness, office, honour, authority ;
honesty is accounted folly ; knavery, policy ; ' men admired
out of opinion, not as they are, but as they seem to be ; such
shifting, lying, cogging, plotting, counterplotting, temporizing,
flattering, cozening, dissembling, * " that of necessity one must

1 Plutarch, vit. ejus. Indecorum ani- odium redditur. Tac. * Faucis eha-

matis at oalceis uti aut Tltris, qu» ubi rior est fides quam pecunia. Salust.

fracta abjicimus, nam ut de meipso 6 Prima fere vota et cunctis, &c.

dicam, neo bovem senem vendideram, 6 Et genus et formam r^na pecunia

nedum hominem natu grandem laboris donat. Quantum quisque sua nunimo-

40cium 2 JotIus. Cum innumera rum servat in area, tantum habet et fidel.

lUiuB beneflcia rependere non posset 7 Non & peritii sed ab ornatu et Tulq^

aliter, interfici jussit. 8 Beneficia yocibus habemur excellentes. Cardan. 1.

ao usque Iseta sunt dum videntur so]yi 2, de cons. ^ Perjurata suo postponit

posse, ubi multum anteyenere pro gpratia numina lucro, Itfercator. Ut necessarium



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Democritus to tJie Reader. 89

highly offend God if he be conformable to the world," Oreti'
tare cum Crete, " or else live in ccmtempt, disgrace, and mis-
ery." One takes upon him temperance, holiness, another
aasteritj, a third an affected kind of simplicity, when as in-
deed he, and he,' and he, and the rest are ^ " hypocrites, ambi-
dexters," outsides, m many turning pictures, a lion on the
one side, a lamb on the other.* How would Democritus have
|»een affected to see these tilings !

To see a man turn himself into all shapes like a chameleon,
or as Proteus, omnia iransformans $ese in miracula reram,
to act twenty parts and persons at once, for his advantage, to
temporize and vary like Mercury the Planet, good with good ;
bad with bad ; having a several face, garb, and character for
every one he meets ; of all religions, humours, inclinations ;
to fawn like a spaniel, mentitis et mimicis obsequiis, rage like
a lion, bark like a cur, fight like a dragon, sting Hke a serpent,
as meek as a lamb, and yet again grin like a tiger, weep like
a crocodile, insult over some, and yet others domineer over
him, here command, there crouch, tyrannize in one place, be
baffled in another, a wise man at home, a fool abroad to make
others merry.

To see so much difference betwixt words and deeds, so
many parasangs betwixt tongue and heart, men like stage-
players, act variety of parts, 'give good precepts to others,
soar aloft, whilst they themi^elves grovel on the ground.

To see a man protest fridhdship, kiss his hand, * quern mod-
let truncaium videre, * smile with an intent to do mischief, or
cozen him whom he salutes, ♦magnify his friend unworthy
with hyperbolical eulogiums ; his enemy albeit a goo4 man,
to vilify and disgrace him, yea all his actions, with the ut-
most that livor and malice can invent.

To see a • servant able to buy out his master, him that

fU Tel Deo displicere, vel ab hominibns SilT. » Arridere homines ut saeviant,

eontemni, rexari, n<«lig{. i Qui Curios blandiH ut ftllant. Gyp. ad Donatum.

fimulant et Bacchanalia Tiyunt. « Tra- * Love and hate are like the two ends of

10 similes vel centauris, sursum a perspective glass the one muItiplieSf



homines, deorsum equi. 8 Pneceptis the other makes less. « Ministri locu-

Buis coelum promittunt, ipsi interim pul- pletiores iis quibus ministratur, servua
fieris terreni vUia mandpia. * JBneas miOores opes hahens quam patronuB



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^0 Democritus to the Reader.

cariies the mace more wordi than the magistrate, which
Plato, lib. 11, de leg., absolutely forbids, Epictetus abhors*
A horse that tills the ^ land fed with chafl^ an idle jade have
provender in abundance ; him that makes shoes go barefoot
himself, him that sells meat almost pined ; a toiling drudge
starve, a drone flourish.

To see men buy smoke for wares, castles built with fools'
heads, men like apes follow the fashions in tires, gestoresy
actions ; if the king laugh, all laugh ;

2 " Rides? majore chachinno

Goncutitnr, flet si lachrymas conspexit amici.**

■ Alexander stooped, so did his courtiers ; Alphonsus turned
his head, and so did his parasites. * Sabina Poppea, Nero's
wife, wore amber-coloured hair, so did all the Roman ladies
in an instant, her fashion was theirs.

To see men whoDy led by afifection, admired smd censured
out of opinion without judgment ; an inconsiderate multitude,
like so many dogs in a village, if one bark all bark without a
cause ; as fortune's fan turns, if a man be in favour, or com-
manded by some great one, all the world applauds him ; * if
in disgrace in an instant all hate him, and as at the sun when
he is eclipsed, that erst took no notice, now gaze and stare
upon him.

To see a man • wear his brains in his belly, his guts in his
head, an hundred oaks on his back, to devour a hundred oxen
at a meal, nay more, to devour houses and towns, or as those
anthropophagi, ^ to eat one another.

To see a man roll himself up like a snowball, from base
beggary to right worshipful and right honourable titles, un-
justly to screw himself into honours and offices ; another to
starve his genius, damn his soul to gather wealth, which he

1 Qui terrain colunt equi paleis pascan- cap. 6. « Plinins, 1. 87, cap. 8, oapUlofl

tnr^ qui otiantur caballi ayenSi st^nan- babuit succiueos, exinde fiiotum ut om-

tur, discalceatus discurrit qui calces aliis nes puellae Romanse colorem ilium afifoc-

fiuiit. > Juven. Do you laugh? he ia tarent. & Odit damnatos. Jut.

shaken by still greater laughter ; he ^ Agrippa ep. 28, 1. 7. Quorum cerebrum

weeps also when he has beheld the tears est in ventre, ingenium in patinis.

of his friend. > Bodin. lib. 4. de repub. ^ Psal. They eat up my people u



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Democritus to the Reader. 91

shall not enjoy, which his prodigal son melts and consumes
in an instant.^

To see the Kcuco^Xiav of our times, a man bend all his
forces, means, time, fortunes, to be a favourite's fetvourite's
&yourite, <&c, a parasite's parasite's parasite, tiiat may scorn
the servile world as having enough already.

To see an hirsute beggar's brat, that lately fed on scraps,
crept and whined, crying to all, and for an old jerkin ran of
errands, now ruffle in silk and satin, bravely mounted, jovial
and polite, now scorn his old friends and familiars, neglect his
kindred, insult over his betters, domineer over all.

To see a scholar crouch and creep to an illiterate peasant
for a meal's meat ; a scrivener better paid for an obligation ;
a falconer receive greater wages than a student ; a lawyer
get more in a day than a philosopher in a year, better reward
for an hour, than a scholar for a twelvemonth's study ; him
that can ♦ paint Thais, play on a fiddle, curl hair, &c, sooner
get preferment than a philologer or a poet

To see a fond mother, like JBsop's ape, hug her child to
death, a ' wittol wink at his wife's honesty, and too perspic-
uous in all other affairs ; one stum'^le at a ctraw, and leap
over a block ; rob Peter, and pay Paul ; scrape unjust sums
with one hand, purchase great manors by corruption, fraud
and cozenage, and liberally to distribute to the poor with the
other, give a remnant to pious uses, &c Pennywise, pound-
foolish ; blind men judge of colours ; wise men silent, fools
talk ; * find fault with others, and do worse themselves ; t de-
nounce that in public which he doth in secret; and which
Aurelius Victor gives out of Augustus, severely censure that
in a third, of whidi he is most guilty himself.



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 8 of 48)