Robert Burton.

The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol online

. (page 9 of 48)
Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 9 of 48)
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To see a poor fellow, or an hired servant venture his life
for his new master that will scarce give him his wages at

1 AbsnmH hnros eaecuba dignior ser- oblirisci snorom. Idem Aristippus Chari-

Vftta oentam clarlbos, et mero distinguet demo apud Lucianum. Omnino stultitiaB

paTimentifl tuperbo, pontiftcum potiote otijosdam esse puto, &c. f Execrail

nenis . Hor. * Qui Thaidem pingere, publice quod occulta asat. Salyianus lib.

Inflare tibiamf erispare crines. * Doctug de pro. acres ulciscendla vitiis quibus ipal

•pectare lacunar. > Tullius. Bst enim Tehemeuter indolgeat.
proprium s^oltitiie alionuu cemere yitia.



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92 Democritus to the Header,

year's end ; A country colone toil and moil, till and drudge
for a prodigal idle drone, that devours all the gain, or lasciv-
iously consumes with fantastical expenses ; A noble man in
a bravado to encounter death, and for a small flash of honour
to cast away himself; A worldling tremble at an executor,
and yet not fear hell-fire ; To wish and hope for immortality,
desire to be happy, and yet by all means avoid death, a neces-
sary passage to bring him to it

To see a foolhardy fellow like those old Danes, qui decol-
lari malunt quam verberari, die rather than be punished, in a
sottish humour embrace death with alacrity, yet ^ scorn to
lament his own sins and miseries, or his dearest fiiends'
departures.

To see wise men degraded, fools preferred, one govern
towns and cities, and yet a silly woman overrules him at
home ; * Command a province, and yet his own servants or
children prescribe laws to him, as Themistocles's son did in
Greece ; ^ " What I will (said he) my mother will, and what
my mother will, my father doth." To see horses ride in a
coach, men draw it ; dogs devour their masters ; towers build
masons ; children rule ; old men go to school ; women wear
the breeches ; * sheep demolish towns, devour men, &c And
in a woixl, the world turned upside downward. viveret
Democrltiis !

*To insist in every particular were one of Hercules's
labours, there's so many ridiculous instances, as motes in the
sun. Quantum est in rehus inane/ (How much vanity
there is in things !) And who can speak of all ? Crimine
ah uno disce omnes, take this for a taste.

But these are obvious to sense, trivial and well known,
easy to be discerned. How would Democritus have been
moved, had he seen f the secrets of their hearts ? If every

1 Adamns eccl. hist. cap. 212. Siqnis ftmulum regit sine strepitu domt.

damnatus fuerit, laetas esse gloria est; < Quicquid ego volo hoc Txilt mater mea,

nam' lachrymas et planctum cseteraque et quod mater rult, fiicit pater. » Oves.

eompunctionum genera qnae nos salubria olim mite pecns, nunc tarn indomitmn et

censemus, ita aboininantur Dani, ut nee edax ut homines devorent, &c. Morui

pro peccatifl nee pro defunctis amicis ulli Utop. lib. 1. * Diversos variis tribuit

Bere Uceat. * Orbi dat leges foras, vix natura furores. t Democrit. ep. praed



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Democritus to the Reader, 93

man had a window in his breast, which Momus would have
had in Vulcan's man, or that which Tully so much wished it
were written in every man's forehead, Quid quisque de rc-
puUicd sentiret^ what he thought ; or that it could be effected
in an instant, which Mercury did by Charon in Ludan, by
touching of his eyes, to make him discern semel et sirnid ru-
mor es et susurros.

" Spes hominum cscas, morbos, votumque labores,
£t passim toto volitontes SBthere curas."

** Blind hopes and wishes, their thoughts and affairs,
Whispers and rumours, and those flying cares.**

That he could cubicuhrum ohductas foras recludere et secreta
cardium penetrare, which ^ Cyprian desired, open doors and
locks, shoot bolts, as Lucian's Gallus did with a feather of
his tail ; or Gyges's invisible ring, or some rare perspective
glass, or Olacousttcon, which would so multiply species, that
a man might hear and see all at once (as ^ Martianus Capel-
la's Jupiter did in a spear which he held in his hand, which
did present unto him all that was daily done upon the face of
the earth), observe cuckolds' horns, forgeries of alchemists,
the philosopher's stone, new projectors, &c., and all those
works of darkness, foolish vows, hopes, fears, and wishes,
what a deal of laughter would it have afforded ? He should
have seen windmills in one man's head, an hornet's nest in
another. Or had he been present with Icaromenippus in
Lucian at Jupiter's whispering place, * and heard one pray
for rain, another for fair weather ; one for his wife's, another
for his father's death, &c. ; " to ask that at God's hand which
they are abashed any man should hear ; " How would he
have been confounded ? Would he, think you, or any man

Hofl dc^Tantes et potantes deprehendet, qaotidianis motibns agitarent, reltioebat

ho6 yomentex, illos litigantee, insidias 8 Jupiter coatingat mihi aurum hsered-

molientes, suffra^^ntes, Tenena mis- itas, &c. Multos da, Jupiter, aDuos,

rantes, in araicorum accusationem sub- Dementia quanta eat hominum, turpissi-

Kribentes, hog gloria, illos ambitione, cu- ma yota diis insusurrant, si qui? admoT-

piditatff, mente captos, &c. lAdDonat. erit aurem, conticescunt; et quod scire

ep. 2. 1. 1. si posses in specula sublimi homines nolunt, Deo narrant. Seneo. ep.

eonstitutua, &c. « Lib. 1, de nup. Philol. 10, 1. 1.
hi qua quid singuli nationum populi



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94 Democrittis to the Reader.

else, say that these men were well in their wits ? Hcbc eant
esse hominis quis sanusjuret Orestes f Can all the hellebore
in the Anticyrss cure these men ? No sure, * '' an acre of
helleboi-e will not do it"

That which is more to be lamented, they are mad like
Seneca's blind woman, and will not acknowledge, or ^ seek
for any cure of it, for pauct vident morbum suum omnes
amant. If our leg or arm offend us, we covet by all means
possible to redress it ; ^ and if we labour of a bodily disease,
we send for a physician ; but for the diseases of the mind
we take no notice of them ; * Lust harrows us on the one
side ; envy, anger, ambition on the other. We are torn in
pieces by our passions, as so many wild horses, one in dispo-
sition, another in habit ; one is melancholy, another mad ;
* and which of us all seeks for help, doth acknowledge his
error, or knows he is sick ? As that stupid fellow put out
the candle because the biting fleas should not find him ; he
shrouds himself in an unknown habit, borrowed titles, be-
cause nobody should discern him. Every man thinks with
himself^ Egomet videor mihi sanus, I am well, I am wise, and
laughs at others. And 'tis a general fault amongst them all,
that * which our forefathers have approved, diet, apparel,
opinions, humours, customs, manners, we deride and reject in
our time as absurd. Old men account juniors all fools, when

they are mere dizzards ; and as to sailors, terrceque ur-

hesque recedunt they move, the land stands still, the world

hath much more wit, they dote themselves. Turks deride us,
we them ; Italians, Frenchmen, accounting them light-headed
felbws ; the French scoff again at Italians, and at their sev-
eral customs; Greeks have condemned all the world but

* Plaatns Meneoh. noa potest hne hum. aflfoc. morbommque enra. * Et

res Hellebori jngwe obtiaerier. quotnaqnisqae tamen est qui contra tot

1 Eoque graTlor morbuB quo Ignotior pe- pestes medicum requirat vel s^rotaTe se

rlclitanti. * Quee Isedunt oculos, festil- agnoscat? ebullit ira, &e. Et nos tsunen

nas demere ; si quid est animum, differs segros esse n^;amu8. Incolumes medi-

curandi tempus in annum. Hor. 3 gi cum recusant. Prsesens setas stoltitiam

^pnt, crus dolet, brachinm, &c., medi- prim^is exprobrat. Bud. de aflEac. lib. 6.

eum accersimus, recte et honeste, si par » Senes prostultis habentJuTenes. Balth.

etlam indnstria in animi morbis ponere- Cast,
kur. Job. PelenuB Jesuita lib. 2, de



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Democritus to the Reader, ^^

themselves of barbarism, the worid as much vilifies them
now ; we account Germans heavy, dull fellows^ explode many
of their fashions ; they as contemptibly think of us ; Span-
iards laugh at all. and all again at them. So are we fools
and ridiculous, absurd in our actions, carriages, diet, apparel,
customs, and . consultations ; we ^ scoff and point one at
another, when as in conclusion all are fools, * " and they the
veriest asses that hide their ears most." A private man if
he be resolved with himself, or set on an opinion, accounts

all idiots and assas that are not affected as he is, ^ nil

rectum, nisi quod placuit sibi, ducit, that are not so minded,
• {guodque volunt homines se bene veUe ptUant,) all fools that
think not as he doth ; he will not say with Atticus, Suam
quisque sponsam, mihi meam, let every man enjoy his own
Bpouse ; but his alone is fair, sutis amor, S^c, and scorns all
in respect of himself, * will imitate none, hear none * but him-
self, as Pliny said, a law and example to himself. And that
which Hippocrates, in his epistle to Dionysius, reprehended
of old, is verified in our times, Quisque in alio superjluum
esse censet, ipse quod non habet nee curat, that which he hath
not liimself, or doth not esteem, he accounts superfluity, an
idle quality, a mere foppery in another; like -^sop's fox,
when he had lost his tail, would have all his fellow foxes cut
off theirs. The Chinese say, that we Europeans have one
eye, they themselves two, all the world else is blind ; (though
t Scaliger accounts them brutes too, merum pecus,) so thou
and thy sectaries are only wise, others indifferent, the rest
l>eside themselves, mere idiots and asses. Thus not ac-
knowledging our own errors and imperfections, we securely
deride others, as if we alone were free, and spectators of the
rest, accounting it an excellent thing, as indeed it is, Aliend
optimum frui insdnid, to make ourselves merry with other
men's obliquities, when as he himself is more faulty than the

1 Oloditu aecnaat moechos. * Om- imitantar, ipsi sibi exemplo. Plin. eplst.

oiom stuldssimi atd auriculas studiog^ lib. 8. ^ NuUi alteri sapere ooncedit,

t^nnt. Sat. Hemp. * Hor. Epist. 2. ne desipere videatur. Agrip. t Omni*

t Prosper. * Statim sapiunt, statim orbis porseehio a Persls ad Lu^taniam.

•aiim<^ neminem reverentur, neminem



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96 Democrihu to the Reader,

rest, mutato nomine^ de tefabula ncmrotur, he may take him-
self bj the nose for a fool ; and which one calls maximum
sttdtitice specimen, to be ridiculous to others, and not to per-
ceive or take notice of it, as Marsyas was when he contended
with Apollo, non inteOigens se deridictdo haberty saith * Apu-
ieius; 'tis his own cause, he is a convicted madman, as
' Austin well infers ^ in the eyes of wise men and angels he
seems like one, that to our thinking walks with his heels
upwards " So thou laughest at me, and I at thee, both at a
third ; and he returns that of the poet upon us again, ^ ffei
mxhij insanire me aiunt^ quum ipsi tdtrd insaniant. We
accuse others of madness, of folly, and are the veriest diz-
zards ourselves. For it^'is a great sign and property of a
fool (which Eccl. x. 3, points at) out of pride and self-conceit
to insult, vilify, oondenm, censure, and call other men fools
(Non videmus mantic4B quod a tergo est) to tax that in others
of which we are most faulty ; teach that which we follow not
ourselves ; For an inconstant man to write of constancy ; a
profane liver prescribe rules of sanctity and piety ; a dizzard
himself make a treatise of wisdom; or with Sallust to rail
downright at spoilers of countries, and yet in f office to be a
most grievous poller himself. This argues weakness, and is
an evident sign of such parties' indiscretion. *Peccat uter
nostrum cruce digntus f " Who is .the fool now ?" Or else
peradventure in some places we are all mad for company,
and so 'tis not seen, Satietas erroris et demenii^e, pariter
KtbsurditcUem et cuImiraHonem toJUU Tis with us, as it was
of old (in * TuU/s censure at least) wiA C. Fimbria in Rome,
a bold, hairbrain, mad fellow, and so esteemed of all, such
only excepted, that were as mad as himself; now in such a •
case there is ^ no notice taken of it

• 2 Florid, i August. Qualis in ocnlis tun «8t Insanientiam tnrba. Sen.

hominum qnl inrerds pedibus ambnl&t, * Pro Roacio Amerino, et quod inter om-

taUs in ocuiiB sapientum et angelorum nes constat insaoissimas, nisi inter eos,

qui sibi placet, aut cni passtones domi- qui ipsi qnoque insaniunt. * NecesM

nantur. * Plantus Menechmi. est cum insanientibus fUrere> nisi solus

t Governor of Asnich by Caesar's ap- relinqueris. Petronius.
pointmei^t. > Nunc sanitatis patroeini-



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Democritus to the Reader. 97

•• Nimiram insanus panels videatur; e6 quod
Maxima pars hominum morbo jactatur eodem.*'

" When all are mad, where all are like opprest
Who can discern one mad man from the rest? "

But put case they do perceive it, and some one be mani-
festly convicted of madness, ^he now takes notice of his folly,
be it in action, gesture, speech, a vain humour he hath in
building, bragging, jangling, spending, gaming, courting, scrib-
bling, prating, for which he is ridiculous to others, ^ on which
he dotes, he doth acknowledge as much ; yet with all the
rhetoric thou hast, thou canst not so recall him, but to the
contrary notwithstanding, he will persevere in his dotage.
Tis amahilis insania, et mentis gratissimm error^ so pleasing,
80 delicious, that he 'cannot leave it. He knows his error,
but will not seek to decline it, tell him what the event will be,
beggary, sorrow, sickness, disgrace, shame, loss, madness, yet
*"an angry man will prefer vengeance, a lascivious his
whore, a thief his booty, a glutton his belly, before his wel-
fere." Tell an epicure, a covetous man, an ambitious man,
of his irregular course, wean him from it a little, pol me occt-
cUstis amict, he cries anon, you have undone him, and as ' a
^ dog to his vomit," he returns to it again ; no persuasion will
take place, no counsel, say what thou canst,

** Clames licet et mare cobIo

Confundas, surdo narras," *

demonstrate as Ulysses did to ^ Elpenor and 6l^ryllus, and the
rest of his companions, " those swinish men," he is irrefraga-
ble in his humour, he will be a hog still ; bray him in a mor-
tar, he will be the same. If he be in an heresy, or some
perverse opinion, settled as some of our ignorant Papists are,

> Qnoniam non est genus unmn stulti- gnilam. ambitiosiis honores, sTams opes,

tisB aua me insanire pntas. * Stultura &c., odimus hsec et accersimus. Cardan,

me mteor, Uceat concedere Terum, At- 1. 2, de conso. » Pror. xxvi. 11.

que etiam insannm. Hor. ^ Odi nee * Although you call out, and confbuna

possum cnpiens nee esse quod odi Ovid the sea and sky, you still address a deaf

Krrore grnto libenter omnes insanimus. man. « Plutarch. Qryllo.suillihominM

* Anuitor scortum TitSB prseponit, iraoun- sic Clem. Alex. to.
dus Tindietam ; tar pnedam, parasitus

VOL. I. 7



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98 Democritus to the Reader.

convince his understanding, show him the several follies and
absurd fopperies of that sect, force him to say, veris vtnnar,
make it as clear as the sun, ^ he will err still, peevish and ob-
stinate as he is ; and as he said ^ si in hoc erro, liberUer erro, nee
htmc errorem auferri mihi volo ; I will do as I have done, as
my predecessors have done, * and as my friends now do ; I
will dote for company. Say now, are these men *mad or
no, '^Heus age responded are they ridiculous? cedo quemvis
arbitrum, are they saruB mentis^ sober, wise, and discreet?

have they common sense ? * vier est insanior horum f

I am of Democritus's opinion for my part, I hold them
worthy to be laughed at ; a company of brainsick dizzards,
as mad as ^ Orestes and Athamas, that they may go '^ ride
the ass/' and all sail along to the Anticyrse, in the " ship of
fools" for company together. I need not much labour to
prove this which I say otherwise than thus, make any sol-
emn protestation, or swear, I think you will believe me with-
out an oath ; say at a word, are they fools? I refer it to
you, though you be likewise fools and madmen yourselves,
and I as mad to ask the question ; for what said our comical
Mercury?

8 ^* Jnstiim ab injostis petere insipientia est

I'll stand to your censnre yet, what think you? *'

But forasmuch as I undertook at first, that kingdoms,
provinces, families, were melancholy as well as private men,
I will examine them in particular, and that which I have
hitherto dilated at random, in more general terms, I will pai*-
ticularly insist in, prove with more special and evident argu-
ments, testimonies, illustrations, and that in brief. ^ Nunc
accipe qtuire desipiant omnes deque ac tu, "Mj first argu-
ment is borrowed from Solomon, an arrow drawn out of his

1 Non p«nnuuiebi8, etiamsi peranaseiis. is the more mad. ^ Vesannm exagitat

I Tally s llalo cum illis insanire, quam ptieri, innuptaeque puelln. * Plantua.

enm alUs bene sentire. * Qui inter hos > Hor. 1. 2, 8at. 2. Superbam stultiti^m

•nntriuntur non magis sapere pofwunt, Plinius vocat. 7, epist. 21, quod semel diz^

?nim qui io cuUnft bene olere. Petron. flxum ratumque sit.
Ferritu. « Hor. 2, ser. which of these




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Democritus to ike Reader, 99

saitentious quiver, Pro. iii. 7, "Be not wise in thine own
eyes." And xxvi. 12, " Seest thou a man wise in his own
conceit ? more hope is of a fool than of him." Isaiah pro-
nounceth a woe against such men, chap. v. 21, " that are wise
in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight" For
hence we may gather, that it is a great offence, and men are
much deceived that think too well of themselves, an especial
ailment to convince them of folly. Many men (saith
* Seneca) " had been without question wise, had they not had
an opinion that they had attained to perfection of knowledge
already, even before they had gone half-way," too forward,
too ripe^ pr<Bproper%j too quick and ready, ^dtd prudentes,
did pit, citd mariti, citd patres, citd sacerdotes, ctto omnes
officii capaces et curiosis they had too good a conceit of then>-
fielves, and that marred all ; of their worth, valour, skill, art,
learning, judgment, eloquence, their good parts ; all their
geese are swans, and that manifestly proves them to be no
better than fools. In former times they had but seven wise
men, now you can scarce find so many fools. Thales sent
the golden Tripos, which the fishermen found, and the oracle
cc«nmanded to be *" given to the wisest, to Bias, Bias to
Solon," &c If such a thing were now found, we should all
fight for it, as the three goddesses did for the golden apple,
we are so wise ; we have women politicians, children metar
physicians ; every silly fellow can square a circle, make
perpetual motions, find the philosopher's stone, interpret
Apocalypses, make new Theories, a new system of the world,
new logic, new Philosophy, &c. Nostra utiqtie regio, saith
•Petronius, "our country is so full. of deified spirits, divine
fiouls, that you may sooner find a god than a man amongst
us," we think so well of ourselves, and that is an ample testi-
mony of much folly.
. My second argument is grounded upon the like place of

1 Mnlti sapientefl proeni dubio fnisaent, prsesentlbtis plena eit numinibns, nt

risenon putSLssentadsapientiaestimmum fkcUius posais deum quam homunm

perrenisse. s idem. * Plutarchua inveniie.
9<dane. Detur sapientiori *Tam



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100 DemocrituB to the Reader,

Scripture, which though before mentioned in effect, yet far
some reasons is to be repeated (and by Plato's good leave, I
may do it, Uif rd KoXJhv pn^hv obSkv pXairrei) " Fools (saitb David)
by reason of their transgressions," &c. Psal. cvii. 17. Hence
Musculus infers all transgressors must needs be fools. So
we read Rom. ii. ^ Tribulation and anguish on the soul of
every man that doeth evil ; " but all do evil. And Isaiah,
Ixv. 14, " My servants shall sing for joy, and *ye shall cry
for sorrow of heart, and vexation of mind." Tis ratified by
the common consent of all philosophers. " Dishonesty (saith
Cardan) is nothing else but folly and madness." • Prohus quis
nohiscum vivit f Show me an honest man, I^emo tnaltis qui
non stuUus, 'tis Fabius's aphorism to the same end. If none
honest, none wise, then all fools. And well may they be so
accounted ; for who will account him otherwise, Qui iter
adomat in occidenteniy guum properaret in orientemf that
goes backward all his life, westward, when he is bound to the
east ? or hold him a wise man (saith * Musculus) " that pre-
fers momentary pleasures to eternity, that spends his master^s
goods in his absence, forthwith to be condemned for it?"
Nequicquam sapit qui sibi non sapit, who will say that a
sick man is wise, that eats and drinks to overthrow the tem-
perature of his body ? Can you account him wise or discreet
that would willingly have his health, and yet will do nothing
that should procure or continue it ? • Theodoret, out of Plo-
tinus the Platonist, " holds it a ridiculous thing for a man to
live after his own laws, to do that which is offensive to God,
and yet to hope that he should save him ; and when he vol-
untarily neglects his own safety, and contemns the means, to
think to be delivered by another ; " who will say these men
are wise ?

A third argument may be derived from the precedent, • all

1 Pulchrum bis dkere non noeet. mi sententia TiTere, et quae diis ingrata

* Malefactors. > Who can find a sunt exequi, et tamen k soils diis Telle

feithftil man ? Prov. xx. 6. * In salvos fieri, qnnm propriae salutis cnrana

Psal. xlix. Qui momentanea sempiter- abjeeerint. Theod. e. 6, de proTid. lib As

nis, qui dilapidat heri absentis bona, mox curat, graec. aflect. « Sapiens siM q^

in jus TDcandus et damnandus. imperiosus, &c. Hor. 2, ser. 7.
^ Perquam riJiculum est homines •x ani-



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Democritus to the Reader. 101

men are carried away with passion, discontent, lust, pleas-
ares, &c ; they generally hate those virtues they should love,
and love such vices they should hate. Therefore more than
melancholy, quite mad, brute beasts, and void of reason, so
Chrysostom contends ; " or rather dead and buried alive," as
* Philo Judeus concludes it for a certainty, " of all such that
are carried away with passions, or labor of any disease of
the mind." " Where is fear and sorrow," there ^ Lactantiiis
edjffly maintains, " wisdom cannot dwelL

* qui cupiet, metuet qnoque porrb,
Qui metnens vivit, liber mihi non erit unquam.* " *

Seneca and the rest of the stoics are of opinion, that where is
any the least perturbation, wisdom may not be found.
" What more ridiculous," as • Lactantius urges, " than to hear
how Xerxes whipped the Hellespont," threatened the Moun-
tain Athos, and the like ? To speak ad rem, who is free from
passion ? * Mortalis nemo est quern non attingat dolor, mor^
busve, as * Tully determines out of an old poem, no mortal
men can avoid sorrow and sickness, and sorrow is an insep-
arable companion from melancholy. * Chrysostom pleads far-
ther yet, that they are more than mad, very beasts, stupefied,
and void of common sense : " For how (saith he) shall I know
thee to be a man, when thou kickest like an ass, neighest like a
horse after women, ravest in lust like a bull, ravenest like a
bear, stingest like a scorpion, rakest like a wolf, as subtle as a
fox, as impudent as a dog ? Shall I say thou art a man, that
hast all the symptoms of a beast ? How shall I know thee to
be a man ? by thy shape ? That affrights me more, when
I see a beast in likeness of a man."

1 Oonelns. lib. de Tic. offer, certain est in sapientem non cadit. * Horn. 6, in 2

ftnim! morbis laborantes pro mortnis cen- Epiflt. ad Cor. Hominem te agnoscere ne-

•endfls. s Lib. de sap. Ubi timor adest, qneo, cum tanquam asinus recalcitres,

•aplentia adesse neqait. * He who is lascirias ut taurus, hinnias ut equua post

desiroiu. Is also fearful, and he who lives rauHeres, ut ursus ventri indulgeas,

In fear neyer can be free. » Quid Insa- quum rapias ut lupus, &c., at, inquis,

Vina Xerxe Hellespontum rerberante? fomam hominis habeo, Id magis terret,

fto. 4Eccl.xxi.l2. Where is bitterness, quum feram humanSl specie riden m»

there is no understanding. Prov. xii. 16. putem.
In angry man is a fooL ^STusc. Injuria



Online LibraryRobert BurtonThe anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds, causes, symptoms, prognostics, and several cures of it : in three partitions, with their several sections, members, and subsections, philosophically, medically, historically opened and cut up : with a satirical preface, conducing to the fol → online text (page 9 of 48)